List of counties in New York

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There are 62 counties in the state of New York. The original twelve counties were created immediately after the British takeover of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1914, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County in the late 19th century and added to New York County.[1] New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words, British provinces, counties, cities, and royalty, early American statesmen and military personnel, and New York State politicians.[2]

New York Counties.svg

Five of New York's counties are coterminous with the five boroughs of New York City and do not have functioning county governments, except for a few borough officials. New York City is considered the county seat of these five counties: New York County (Manhattan), Kings County (Brooklyn), Bronx County (The Bronx), Richmond County (Staten Island), and Queens County (Queens). Because each borough has a separate main Post Office (and Queens has four of them), the county seats of the five boroughs are often stated in terms of those main post offices: New York (Manhattan), Brooklyn, Bronx, Staten Island, and Jamaica (Queens). However, the communities served by those main post offices are all within the city limits of New York. In contrast to other counties of New York state, the powers of the five boroughs of New York City are very limited, and in nearly all respects are subordinate to the city's.[3]

The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Albany County, New York, is 001, Addison County, Vermont, and Alachua County, Florida, are also 001. To uniquely identify Albany County, New York, one must use the state code of 36 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Albany County, New York, is 36001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.[4]


Alphabetical list[edit]

County
FIPS Code
[4]
County seat
[5]
Created
[5]
Formed from
[1]
Named for
[2]
Density
Population
[5]
Area
[5]
Map
 
Albany County001Albany1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyJames II of England (James VII of Scotland) (1633–1701), who was Duke of York (English title) and Duke of Albany (Scottish title) before becoming King of England, Ireland, and Scotland.570.74304,204533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
State map highlighting Albany County
Allegany County003Belmont1806Genesee CountyA variant spelling of the Allegheny River47.3448,9461,034 sq mi
(2,678 km2)
State map highlighting Allegany County
Bronx County005New York City (coextensive with
The Bronx
)
1914[6]New York CountyJonas Bronck (1600?–1643), an early settler of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam24,118.201,385,10857.43 sq mi
(149 km2)
State map highlighting Bronx County
Broome County007Binghamton1806Tioga CountyJohn Broome (1738–1810), fourth Lieutenant Governor of New York280.56200,600715 sq mi
(1,852 km2)
State map highlighting Broome County
Cattaraugus County009Little Valley1808Genesee CountyA Seneca word meaning "bad smelling banks", referring to the odor of natural gas which leaked from local rock formations61.3180,3171,310 sq mi
(3,393 km2)
State map highlighting Cattaraugus County
Cayuga County011Auburn1799Onondaga CountyThe Cayuga tribe of Native Americans92.6280,026864 sq mi
(2,238 km2)
State map highlighting Cayuga County
Chautauqua County013Mayville1808Genesee CountyA Seneca word meaning "bag tied in the middle", in reference to the shape of Chautauqua Lake89.94134,9051,500 sq mi
(3,885 km2)
State map highlighting Chautauqua County
Chemung County015Elmira1836Tioga CountyA Lenape word meaning "big horn", which was the name of a local Native American village216.2388,830410.81 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
State map highlighting Chemung County
Chenango County017Norwich1798Tioga County and Herkimer CountyAn Onondaga word meaning "large bull-thistle"56.1650,477898.85 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
State map highlighting Chenango County
Clinton County019Plattsburgh1788Washington CountyGeorge Clinton (1739–1812), fourth Vice President of the United States and first and third Governor of New York73.4682,1281,118 sq mi
(2,896 km2)
State map highlighting Clinton County
Columbia County021Hudson1786Albany CountyChristopher Columbus (1451–1506), the European explorer97.3763,096648 sq mi
(1,678 km2)
State map highlighting Columbia County
Cortland County023Cortland1808Onondaga CountyPierre Van Cortlandt (1721–1814), first Lieutenant Governor of New York98.2849,336502 sq mi
(1,300 km2)
State map highlighting Cortland County
Delaware County025Delhi1797Otsego County and Ulster CountyThomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618), an early colonial leader in Virginia32.6847,9801,468 sq mi
(3,802 km2)
State map highlighting Delaware County
Dutchess County027Poughkeepsie1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyLady Anne Hyde (1637–1671), Duchess of York and wife of King James II of England360.59297,488825 sq mi
(2,137 km2)
State map highlighting Dutchess County
Erie County029Buffalo1821Niagara CountyThe Erie tribe of Native Americans749.02919,0401,227 sq mi
(3,178 km2)
State map highlighting Erie County
Essex County031Elizabethtown1799Clinton CountyThe county of Essex in England20.5539,3701,916 sq mi
(4,962 km2)
State map highlighting Essex County
Franklin County033Malone1808Clinton CountyBenjamin Franklin (1706–1790), the early American printer, scientist, and statesman30.4151,5991,697 sq mi
(4,395 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Fulton County035Johnstown1838Montgomery CountyRobert Fulton (1765–1815), inventor of the steamship104.1955,531533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
State map highlighting Fulton County
Genesee County037Batavia1802Ontario CountyA Seneca phrase meaning "good valley"121.3760,079495 sq mi
(1,282 km2)
State map highlighting Genesee County
Greene County039Catskill1800Albany County and Ulster CountyNathanael Greene (1742–1786), the American Revolutionary War general74.8049,221658 sq mi
(1,704 km2)
State map highlighting Greene County
Hamilton County041Lake Pleasant1816Montgomery CountyAlexander Hamilton (1755–1804), the early American political theorist and first Secretary of the Treasury2.674,8361,808 sq mi
(4,683 km2)
State map highlighting Hamilton County
Herkimer County043Herkimer1791Montgomery CountyNicholas Herkimer (1728–1777), the American Revolutionary War general44.2564,5191,458 sq mi
(3,776 km2)
State map highlighting Herkimer County
Jefferson County045Watertown1805Oneida CountyThomas Jefferson (1743–1826), the early American statesman, author of the Declaration of Independence, and third President of the United States62.59116,2291,857 sq mi
(4,810 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Kings County047New York City (coextensive with
Brooklyn
)
1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyKing Charles II of England (1630–1685)25,848.302,504,70096.9 sq mi
(251 km2)
State map highlighting Kings County
Lewis County049Lowville1805Oneida CountyMorgan Lewis (1754–1844), the fourth Governor of New York21.0027,0871,290 sq mi
(3,341 km2)
State map highlighting Lewis County
Livingston County051Geneseo1821Genesee County and Ontario CountyRobert Livingston (1746–1813), the early American statesman and New York delegate to the Continental Congress102.1865,393640 sq mi
(1,658 km2)
State map highlighting Livingston County
Madison County053Wampsville1806Chenango CountyJames Madison (1751–1836), the early American statesman, principal author of the Constitution of the United States, and fourth President of the United States110.9473,442662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Monroe County055Rochester1821Genesee County and Ontario CountyJames Monroe (1758–1831), the early American statesman and fifth President of the United States544.91744,3441,366 sq mi
(3,538 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Montgomery County057Fonda1772Albany CountyOriginally Tryon County after colonial governor William Tryon (1729–1788), renamed after the American Revolutionary War general Richard Montgomery (1738–1775) in 1784122.4950,219410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Nassau County059Mineola1899Queens CountyThe Princes of Orange-Nassau ruled the Netherlands when Long Island was a Dutch colony2,957.021,339,532453 sq mi
(1,173 km2)
State map highlighting Nassau County
New York County061New York City (coextensive with
Manhattan
)
1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyKing James II of England (1633–1701), who was Duke of York and Albany before he ascended the throne of England, Duke of York being his English title46,961.001,585,87333.77 sq mi
(87 km2)
State map highlighting New York County
Niagara County063Lockport1808Genesee CountyAn Iroquoian word perhaps meaning "a neck" between two bodies of water, "thunder of waters", or "bisected bottom land"189.89216,4691,140 sq mi
(2,953 km2)
State map highlighting Niagara County
Oneida County065Utica1798Herkimer CountyThe Oneida tribe of Native Americans193.63234,8781,213 sq mi
(3,142 km2)
State map highlighting Oneida County
Onondaga County067Syracuse1792Herkimer CountyThe Onondaga tribe of Native Americans579.44467,026806 sq mi
(2,088 km2)
State map highlighting Onondaga County
Ontario County069Canandaigua1789Montgomery CountyAn Iroquoian word meaning "beautiful lake"163.04107,931662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
State map highlighting Ontario County
Orange County071Goshen1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyWilliam of Orange-Nassau (1650–1702), who became King William III of England444.35372,813839 sq mi
(2,173 km2)
State map highlighting Orange County
Orleans County073Albion1824Genesee CountyThe French Royal House of Orléans52.4942,883817 sq mi
(2,116 km2)
State map highlighting Orleans County
Oswego County075Oswego1816Oneida County and Onondaga CountyThe Oswego River, from an Iroquoian word meaning "the outpouring", referring to the mouth of the river93.07122,1091,312 sq mi
(3,398 km2)
State map highlighting Oswego County
Otsego County077Cooperstown1791Montgomery CountyA Native American word meaning "place of the rock"62.0762,2591,003 sq mi
(2,598 km2)
State map highlighting Otsego County
Putnam County079Carmel1812Dutchess CountyIsrael Putnam (1718–1790), an American Revolutionary War general405.3399,710246 sq mi
(637 km2)
State map highlighting Putnam County
Queens County081New York City (coextensive with
Queens)
1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyCatherine of Braganza (1638–1705), Queen of England and wife of King Charles II of England12,512.462,230,722178.28 sq mi
(462 km2)
State map highlighting Queens County
Rensselaer County083Troy1791Albany CountyIn honor of the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer (before 1596 – after 1643), the early landholder in the Dutch New Amsterdam colony239.74159,429665 sq mi
(1,722 km2)
State map highlighting Rensselaer County
Richmond County085New York City (coextensive with
Staten Island)
1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyCharles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond (1672–1723), the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England4,572.98468,730102.5 sq mi
(265 km2)
State map highlighting Richmond County
Rockland County087New City1798Orange CountyEarly settlers' description of terrain as "rocky land"1,566.27311,687199 sq mi
(515 km2)
State map highlighting Rockland County
St. Lawrence County089Canton1802Clinton County, Herkimer County, and Montgomery CountyThe St Lawrence River, which forms the northern border of the county and New York State39.68111,9442,821 sq mi
(7,306 km2)
State map highlighting St. Lawrence County
Saratoga County091Ballston Spa1791Albany CountyA corruption of a Native American word meaning "the hill beside the river"260.20219,607844 sq mi
(2,186 km2)
State map highlighting Saratoga County
Schenectady County093Schenectady1809Albany CountyA Mohawk word meaning "on the other side of the pine lands"736.80154,727210 sq mi
(544 km2)
State map highlighting Schenectady County
Schoharie County095Schoharie1795Albany County and Otsego CountyA Mohawk word meaning "floating driftwood"51.8432,749626 sq mi
(1,621 km2)
State map highlighting Schoharie County
Schuyler County097Watkins Glen1854Chemung County, Steuben County, and Tompkins CountyPhilip Schuyler (1733–1804), the American Revolutionary War general and Senator from New York53.6318,343342 sq mi
(886 km2)
State map highlighting Schuyler County
Seneca County099Ovid / Waterloo1804Cayuga CountyThe Seneca tribe of Native Americans108.4635,251325 sq mi
(842 km2)
State map highlighting Seneca County
Steuben County101Bath1796Ontario CountyFriedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (1730–1794), the Prussian general who assisted the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War70.5198,9901,404 sq mi
(3,636 km2)
State map highlighting Steuben County
Suffolk County103Riverhead1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyThe county of Suffolk in England629.311,493,3502,373 sq mi
(6,146 km2)
State map highlighting Suffolk County
Sullivan County105Monticello1809Ulster CountyJohn Sullivan (1740–1795), an American Revolutionary War general77.7877,547997 sq mi
(2,582 km2)
State map highlighting Sullivan County
Tioga County107Owego1791Montgomery CountyA Native American word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place97.7551,125523 sq mi
(1,355 km2)
State map highlighting Tioga County
Tompkins County109Ithaca1817Cayuga County and Seneca CountyDaniel D. Tompkins (1774–1825), the 6th Vice President of the United States213.37101,564476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
State map highlighting Tompkins County
Ulster County111Kingston1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyThe Irish province of Ulster, then an earldom of the Duke of York, later King James II of England157.19182,4931,161 sq mi
(3,007 km2)
State map highlighting Ulster County
Warren County113Queensbury1813Washington CountyJoseph Warren (1741–1775), the early American patriot and American Revolutionary War general75.5365,707870 sq mi
(2,253 km2)
State map highlighting Warren County
Washington County115Fort Edward1772Albany CountyOriginally Charlotte County, renamed in 1784 after George Washington (1732–1799), the American Revolutionary War general and first President of the United States74.7263,216846 sq mi
(2,191 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Wayne County117Lyons1823Ontario County and Seneca CountyGeneral Anthony Wayne (1745–1796), the American Revolutionary War general67.7593,7721,384 sq mi
(3,585 km2)
State map highlighting Wayne County
Westchester County119White Plains1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyThe city of Chester in England1,898.23949,113500 sq mi
(1,295 km2)
State map highlighting Westchester County
Wyoming County121Warsaw1841Genesee CountyA modification of a word from the Lenape language meaning "broad bottom lands"70.7342,155596 sq mi
(1,544 km2)
State map highlighting Wyoming County
Yates County123Penn Yan1823Ontario County and Steuben CountyJoseph C. Yates (1768–1837), eighth Governor of New York67.4125,348376 sq mi
(974 km2)
State map highlighting Yates County

Defunct counties[edit]

County
Created
[1]
Abolished
[1]
Fate[1]
Charlotte County17721784Partitioned and renamed as Washington County
Cornwall County16651686Transferred to the part of Massachusetts that later became the state of Maine and partitioned; one of the 12 original counties created in the New York colony
Cumberland County17661777Transferred to Vermont and partitioned
Dukes County16831692Transferred to Massachusetts; one of 12 original counties created in the New York colony
Gloucester County17701777Transferred to Vermont and partitioned
Tryon County17721784Renamed as Montgomery County

Proposed new counties[edit]

County
Note
Adirondack CountyWould hypothetically consist of portions of northern Essex County and southern Franklin County[7]
Peconic CountyWould hypothetically consist of the five easternmost towns in Suffolk County on Long Island.[8]

|[Brookhaven County, New York|Brookhaven County]] |an adjacent proposed county in New York made from the Town of Brookhaven |-

Clickable map[edit]

Map of New York showing county borders

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "New York Formation Maps". Genealogy, Inc. Retrieved 2008-01-20. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States. McFarland Press. ISBN 0-7864-1025-6. 
  3. ^ Benjamin, Gerald, Richard P. Nathan (1990). Regionalism and realism: A Study of Government in the New York Metropolitan Area. Brookings Institution. p. 59. 
  4. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Find A County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010. 
  6. ^ Legislation splitting off Bronx County from New York County was enacted in 1912 with an effective date of January 1, 1914. Prior to 1874 the entire area had been part of Westchester County. See McCarthy, Thomas C. "A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for the Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History". New York City Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  7. ^ Lynch, Mike (2007-10-30). "North Elba Supervisor Candidate Debate". Plattsburgh Press Republican. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  8. ^ Healy, Patrick (2004-02-11). "Growth Pains and Clout Heading East in Suffolk". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-20.