List of counties in Indiana

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Indiana counties

The U.S. state of Indiana has 92 counties. Each county serves as the local level of government within its borders. Although Indiana was organized into the United States since the Northwest Ordinance in 1787, its land was not always available for settlement. Eventually, land was purchased from Native Americans by treaties and Indian removals. The oldest counties are generally in the south near the Ohio River, whereas newer ones were in the north in territory acquired later. The oldest and newest counties in Indiana are Knox County, created in 1790, and Newton County, created in 1859.

As of the 2000 United States Census, the population of Indiana was 6,045,485, the average population of Indiana's 92 counties is 65,712, with Marion County as the most populous (903,393), and Ohio County (5,623) the least. 54 counties have 30,000 or more people; 16 counties have populations exceeding 100,000, five of which exceed 250,000; and only five counties have fewer than 10,000 people. The average land area is 396 square miles (1,030 km2). The largest county is Allen (657 sq. mi., 1,702 km²) and the smallest is Ohio (87 sq. mi., 225 km²).[1] According to the Constitution of Indiana, no county may be created of less than 400 square miles (1,000 km2), nor may any county smaller than this be further reduced in size.[2]

County government in Indiana consists of two bodies, the county council and the commissioners. Government of Indiana#County government

Many Indiana counties are named for United States Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and Battle of Tippecanoe; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding states like Michigan and Kentucky; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. Indiana's code is 18, which when combined with any county code would be written as 18XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.[3]


List of counties[edit]

County
FIPS code
[4]
County seat
[1][5]
Established
[1][5]
Origin
Etymology
[5]
Population
[1][6]
Area
[1]
Map
Adams County001DecaturFebruary 7, 1836Adams New PurchaseU.S. President John Quincy Adams33,625339 sq mi
(878 km2)
State map highlighting Adams County
Allen County003Fort WayneDecember 12, 1823Delaware New PurchaseCol. John Allen, Kentucky state senator[7]355,329657 sq mi
(1,702 km2)
State map highlighting Allen County
Bartholomew County005ColumbusJanuary 8, 1821Jackson County and Delaware New PurchasesLt. Col. Joseph Bartholomew, a hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe[7]71,435407 sq mi
(1,054 km2)
State map highlighting Bartholomew County
Benton County007FowlerFebruary 18, 1840Jasper CountyThomas H. Benton, U.S. Senator from Missouri8,854406 sq mi
(1,052 km2)
State map highlighting Benton County
Blackford County009Hartford CityFebruary 15, 1838Jay CountyJudge Isaac Blackford, Speaker of the Indiana House of Representatives and Chief Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court14,048165 sq mi
(427 km2)
State map highlighting Blackford County
Boone County011LebanonJanuary 29, 1830Adams and Wabash New PurchasesFrontiersman Daniel Boone56,640423 sq mi
(1,096 km2)
State map highlighting Boone County
Brown County013NashvilleFebruary 3, 1836Bartholomew County
Jackson County
Monroe County
General Jacob Brown, hero of the War of 1812[7]14,957312 sq mi
(808 km2)
State map highlighting Brown County
Carroll County015DelphiJanuary 17, 1828Adams and Wabash New PurchasesCharles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence20,165372 sq mi
(963 km2)
State map highlighting Carroll County
Cass County017LogansportDecember 18, 1828Non-county AreaGen. Lewis Cass, Governor of Michigan Territory and U.S. Secretary of State40,930413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
State map highlighting Cass County
Clark County019JeffersonvilleFebruary 3, 1801Knox CountyGeneral George Rogers Clark, American Revolutionary War hero96,472375 sq mi
(971 km2)
State map highlighting Clark County
Clay County021BrazilFebruary 12, 1825Owen County
Putnam County
Sullivan County
Vigo County
U.S. Speaker of the House Henry Clay26,556358 sq mi
(927 km2)
State map highlighting Clay County
Clinton County023FrankfortJanuary 29, 1830Adams and Wabash New PurchasesDeWitt Clinton, Governor of New York33,866405 sq mi
(1,049 km2)
State map highlighting Clinton County
Crawford County025EnglishJanuary 29, 1818Orange County
Harrison County
Perry County
Col. William Crawford, surveyor of the Midwest and hero of the Indian Wars10,743306 sq mi
(793 km2)
State map highlighting Crawford County
Daviess County027WashingtonFebruary 2, 1818Knox CountyCol. Joseph H. Daviess,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe30,820431 sq mi
(1,116 km2)
State map highlighting Daviess County
Dearborn County029LawrenceburgMarch 7, 1803Clark County, IN; Hamilton County, OHU.S. Secretary of War Henry Dearborn50,047305 sq mi
(790 km2)
State map highlighting Dearborn County
Decatur County031GreensburgDecember 12, 1821Delaware New PurchaseCommodore Stephen Decatur, hero of the War of 181224,555373 sq mi
(966 km2)
State map highlighting Decatur County
DeKalb County033AuburnFebruary 7, 1835Non-county AreaJohann de Kalb, German noble who trained colonial soldiers for the American Revolutionary War40,285363 sq mi
(940 km2)
State map highlighting DeKalb County
Delaware County035MuncieJanuary 26, 1827[8]Delaware New PurchaseDelaware Native American people118,769393 sq mi
(1,018 km2)
State map highlighting Delaware County
Dubois County037JasperDecember 20, 1817Perry County
Pike County
Toussaint Dubois,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe39,674430 sq mi
(1,114 km2)
State map highlighting Dubois County
Elkhart County039GoshenJanuary 29, 1830Non-county AreaDisputed, but possibly the Elkhart Native American people182,791464 sq mi
(1,202 km2)
State map highlighting Elkhart County
Fayette County041ConnersvilleJanuary 29, 1818Franklin Wayne County and Non-county AreaMarquis de la Fayette, French noble who trained colonial soldiers in the American Revolutionary War25,588215 sq mi
(557 km2)
State map highlighting Fayette County
Floyd County043New AlbanyJanuary 2, 1819Clark and Harrison CountiesCol. Either John Floyd, a War of 1812 hero and Governor of Virginia, or early settler and state legislator Davis Floyd[7]78,823148 sq mi
(383 km2)
State map highlighting Floyd County
Fountain County045CovingtonDecember 20, 1825Montgomery County and Wabash New PurchaseMajor James Fontaine, a hero of the American Revolutionary War17,954396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
State map highlighting Fountain County
Franklin County047BrookvilleFebruary 1, 1811Clark County
Dearborn County
Knox County
Writer, orator, scholar, and founding father Benjamin Franklin22,151386 sq mi
(1,000 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Fulton County049RochesterFebruary 7, 1836Non-county AreaRobert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat20,511368 sq mi
(953 km2)
State map highlighting Fulton County
Gibson County051PrincetonApril 1, 1813Knox CountyJohn Gibson, secretary of the Indiana Territory[7]33,503526 sq mi
(1,362 km2)
State map highlighting Gibson County
Grant County053MarionFebruary 10, 1831Formed from Madison County, Adams New Purchase and un-organizedCaptains Samuel and Moses Grant, former American soldiers and early settlers70,061414 sq mi
(1,072 km2)
State map highlighting Grant County
Greene County055BloomfieldJanuary 5, 1821Sullivan County
Non-county Area
Gen. Nathanael Greene, hero of the American Revolutionary War32,157522 sq mi
(1,352 km2)
State map highlighting Greene County
Hamilton County057NoblesvilleJanuary 8, 1823Formed from Delaware New PurchaseAlexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury and founding father274,569388 sq mi
(1,005 km2)
State map highlighting Hamilton County
Hancock County059GreenfieldMarch 1, 1828Formed from Madison CountyJohn Hancock, first signer of the Declaration of Independence70,002306 sq mi
(793 km2)
State map highlighting Hancock County
Harrison County061CorydonDecember 1, 1808Formed from Clark and Knox CountyWilliam Henry Harrison, governor of Indiana Territory and U.S. President34,325485 sq mi
(1,256 km2)
State map highlighting Harrison County
Hendricks County063DanvilleDecember 20, 1824Formed from Delaware and Wabash New PurchaseGovernor of Indiana William Hendricks[7]145,488408 sq mi
(1,057 km2)
State map highlighting Hendricks County
Henry County065New CastleDecember 31, 1821Formed from Delaware New PurchasePatrick Henry, attorney, orator, and founding father48,508393 sq mi
(1,018 km2)
State map highlighting Henry County
Howard County067KokomoJanuary 15, 1844[9]Formed from un-organizedGen. Tilghman Howard, a U.S. Representative from Indiana84,964293 sq mi
(759 km2)
State map highlighting Howard County
Huntington County069HuntingtonFebruary 2, 1832Formed from Adams New Purchase and un-organizedSamuel Huntington, signer the Declaration of Independence38,075383 sq mi
(992 km2)
State map highlighting Huntington County
Jackson County071BrownstownJanuary 1, 1816Formed from Clark, Jefferson and WashingtonU.S. President Andrew Jackson41,335509 sq mi
(1,318 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jasper County073RensselaerFebruary 7, 1835Formed from Wabash New PurchaseSgt. William Jasper, hero of the American Revolutionary War30,043560 sq mi
(1,450 km2)
State map highlighting Jasper County
Jay County075PortlandFebruary 7, 1835Formed from Adams New PurchaseJohn Jay, first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court21,806384 sq mi
(995 km2)
State map highlighting Jay County
Jefferson County077MadisonNovember 23, 1810Formed from Clark, Dearborn and Knox CountyU.S. President Thomas Jefferson31,705361 sq mi
(935 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Jennings County079VernonDecember 27, 1816Formed from Jackson and Jefferson CountiesJonathan Jennings, the first Governor of Indiana27,554377 sq mi
(976 km2)
State map highlighting Jennings County
Johnson County081FranklinDecember 31, 1823Formed from Delaware New PurchaseJohn Johnson, first Chief Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court139,654320 sq mi
(829 km2)
State map highlighting Johnson County
Knox County083VincennesJune 6, 1790Original CountyU.S. Secretary of War Henry Knox39,256516 sq mi
(1,336 km2)
State map highlighting Knox County
Kosciusko County085WarsawFebruary 7, 1835Formed from un-organizedTadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-born hero of the American Revolutionary War and leader of a Polish nationalistic revolt against Russia74,057538 sq mi
(1,393 km2)
State map highlighting Kosciusko County
LaGrange County087LaGrangeFebruary 2, 1832Formed from un-organizedThe ancestral estate of the Marquis de la Fayette, the French-born hero of the American Revolutionary War34,909387 sq mi
(1,002 km2)
State map highlighting LaGrange County
Lake County089Crown PointJanuary 28, 1837Formed from Newton and Porter CountiesIts location on Lake Michigan496,004380 sq mi
(984 km2)
State map highlighting Lake County
LaPorte County091LaPorteJanuary 29, 1832Formed from St. Joseph and un-organizedMeans the door in French, which refers to the city of LaPorte111,467613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
State map highlighting LaPorte County
Lawrence County093BedfordJanuary 7, 1818Formed from OrangeCapt. James Lawrence,[7] hero of the War of 181245,922449 sq mi
(1,163 km2)
State map highlighting Lawrence County
Madison County095AndersonJanuary 4, 1823Formed from Delaware New PurchaseU.S. President James Madison133,358452 sq mi
(1,171 km2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Marion County097IndianapolisDecember 31, 1821Formed from Delaware New PurchaseGen. Francis Marion, American Revolutionary War hero903,393396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
State map highlighting Marion County
Marshall County099PlymouthFebruary 7, 1835Formed from St. Joseph CountyU.S. Chief Justice John Marshall45,128444 sq mi
(1,150 km2)
State map highlighting Marshall County
Martin County101ShoalsJanuary 17, 1820Formed from Daviess and Dubois CountiesMajor John T. Martin, hero of the War of 181210,369336 sq mi
(870 km2)
State map highlighting Martin County
Miami County103PeruJanuary 30, 1833Formed from Cass County and un-organizedMiami Native American people36,082376 sq mi
(974 km2)
State map highlighting Miami County
Monroe County105BloomingtonJanuary 14, 1818Formed from Orange CountyU.S. President James Monroe137,974394 sq mi
(1,020 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Montgomery County107CrawfordsvilleDecember 21, 1822Formed from Wabash New PurchaseGen. Richard Montgomery, hero of the American Revolutionary War37,629505 sq mi
(1,308 km2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Morgan County109MartinsvilleDecember 31, 1822Formed from Delaware and Wabash New PurchaseGen. Daniel Morgan, hero of the American Revolutionary War68,894406 sq mi
(1,052 km2)
State map highlighting Morgan County
Newton County111KentlandDecember 8, 1859[10]Formed from Jasper CountySgt. John Newton, hero of the American Revolutionary War14,566402 sq mi
(1,041 km2)
State map highlighting Newton County
Noble County113AlbionFebruary 7, 1835Formed from un-organizedU.S. Senator James Noble or Governor of Indiana Noah Noble, brothers46,275411 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
State map highlighting Noble County
Ohio County115Rising SunJanuary 4, 1844Formed from Dearborn CountyThe Ohio River6,12887 sq mi
(225 km2)
State map highlighting Ohio County
Orange County117PaoliFebruary 1, 1816Formed from Gibson, Knox and WashingtonOrange County, North Carolina, in turn named for the Dutch Protestant House of Orange19,306400 sq mi
(1,036 km2)
State map highlighting Orange County
Owen County119SpencerDecember 21, 1818Formed from Daviess and Sullivan CountyAbraham Owen,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe21,786385 sq mi
(997 km2)
State map highlighting Owen County
Parke County121RockvilleJanuary 9, 1821Formed from Vigo CountyBenjamin Parke, a delegate of Indiana Territory to the U.S. Congress[7]17,241445 sq mi
(1,153 km2)
State map highlighting Parke County
Perry County123Tell CityNovember 1, 1814Formed from Gibson and Warrick CountiesCommodore Oliver Hazard Perry, hero of the War of 181218,899381 sq mi
(987 km2)
State map highlighting Perry County
Pike County125PetersburgDecember 21, 1816Formed from Gibson and Perry CountyZebulon M. Pike, explorer of the American West12,837336 sq mi
(870 km2)
State map highlighting Pike County
Porter County127ValparaisoFebruary 7, 1835Formed from un-organizedCapt. David Porter, hero of the War of 1812146,798418 sq mi
(1,083 km2)
State map highlighting Porter County
Posey County129Mount VernonNovember 11, 1814Formed from Warrick CountyThomas Posey, governor of Indiana Territory27,061408 sq mi
(1,057 km2)
State map highlighting Posey County
Pulaski County131WinamacFebruary 7, 1835Formed from un-organizedKazimierz Pułaski, Polish-born noble who led the colonial cavalry in the American Revolutionary War13,755434 sq mi
(1,124 km2)
State map highlighting Pulaski County
Putnam County133GreencastleDecember 31, 1822Formed from Owen County and Wabash New PurchaseGen. Israel Putnam, hero of the American Revolutionary War36,019480 sq mi
(1,243 km2)
State map highlighting Putnam County
Randolph County135WinchesterJanuary 10, 1818Formed from Wayne CountyRandolph County, North Carolina, which is itself named for first President of the Continental Congress Peyton Randolph27,401453 sq mi
(1,173 km2)
State map highlighting Randolph County
Ripley County137VersaillesDecember 27, 1816Formed from Dearborn and Jefferson CountyGen. Eleazer Wheelock Ripley, hero of the War of 181226,523446 sq mi
(1,155 km2)
State map highlighting Ripley County
Rush County139RushvilleDecember 31, 1821Formed from Delaware New PurchaseDr. Benjamin Rush, signer the Declaration of Independence18,261408 sq mi
(1,057 km2)
State map highlighting Rush County
St. Joseph County141South BendJanuary 29, 1830Formed from un-organizedSt. Joseph River, which flows through it toward Lake Michigan266,931457 sq mi
(1,184 km2)
State map highlighting St. Joseph County
Scott County143ScottsburgJanuary 12, 1820Formed from Clark, Jefferson, Jennings and Washington CountiesCharles Scott, Governor of Kentucky22,960190 sq mi
(492 km2)
State map highlighting Scott County
Shelby County145ShelbyvilleDecember 31, 1821Formed from Delaware New PurchaseGen. Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky44,436413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
State map highlighting Shelby County
Spencer County147RockportJanuary 10, 1818Formed from Perry and Warrick CountiesCapt. Spier Spencer,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe20,391399 sq mi
(1,033 km2)
State map highlighting Spencer County
Starke County149KnoxFebruary 7, 1835Formed from St. Joseph County and un-organizedGen. John Stark, hero of the American Revolutionary War23,556309 sq mi
(800 km2)
State map highlighting Starke County
Steuben County151AngolaFebruary 7, 1837Formed from un-organizedBaron Frederick von Steuben, Prussian-born noble who trained colonial soldiers during the American Revolutionary War33,214309 sq mi
(800 km2)
State map highlighting Steuben County
Sullivan County153SullivanDecember 30, 1816Formed from KnoxGeneral Daniel Sullivan, American Revolutionary War hero21,751447 sq mi
(1,158 km2)
State map highlighting Sullivan County
Switzerland County155VevayOctober 1, 1814Formed from Dearborn and Jefferson CountyThe home country of many of the early settlers, Switzerland10,613221 sq mi
(572 km2)
State map highlighting Switzerland County
Tippecanoe County157LafayetteJanuary 20, 1826Formed from Wabash New Purchase and un-organizedThe Tippecanoe River and the Battle of Tippecanoe172,780500 sq mi
(1,295 km2)
State map highlighting Tippecanoe County
Tipton County159TiptonJanuary 15, 1844Formed from Adams New Purchase and un-organizedJohn Tipton,[7] U.S. Senator16,577260 sq mi
(673 km2)
State map highlighting Tipton County
Union County161LibertyJanuary 5, 1821Parts of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne countiesNamed because it united sections of three adjacent counties into one new entity7,516162 sq mi
(420 km2)
State map highlighting Union County
Vanderburgh County163EvansvilleJanuary 7, 1818Gibson, Posey, and Warrick CountiesHenry Vanderburgh, a judge for Indiana Territory188,922235 sq mi
(609 km2)
State map highlighting Vanderburgh County
Vermillion County165NewportJanuary 2, 1824Formed from Parke County and Wasbash New PurchaseThe Vermillion River16,788257 sq mi
(666 km2)
State map highlighting Vermillion County
Vigo County167Terre HauteJanuary 21, 1818Formed from Sullivan CountyFrancis Vigo, Italian-born colonial spy during the American Revolutionary War105,848403 sq mi
(1,044 km2)
State map highlighting Vigo County
Wabash County169WabashJanuary 30, 1833[11]Formed from Adams New Purchase and un-organizedThe Wabash River34,960413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
State map highlighting Wabash County
Warren County171WilliamsportJanuary 19, 1827Formed from Wabash New Purchase and un-organizedDr. Joseph Warren, American Revolutionary War hero8,508365 sq mi
(945 km2)
State map highlighting Warren County
Warrick County173BoonvilleApril 30, 1813Gibson and Knox CountiesCapt. Jacob Warrick,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe60,010384 sq mi
(995 km2)
State map highlighting Warrick County
Washington County175SalemDecember 21, 1813Clark, Harrison and Knox CountiesU.S. President George Washington27,223514 sq mi
(1,331 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Wayne County177RichmondNovember 27, 1810Formed from Clark, Dearborn and KnoxGen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, hero of the American Revolutionary War71,097404 sq mi
(1,046 km2)
State map highlighting Wayne County
Wells County179BlufftonFebruary 7, 1837Formed from Adams New PurchaseCapt. William A. Wells, Native American who became a hero in the War of 181227,600370 sq mi
(958 km2)
State map highlighting Wells County
White County181MonticelloFebruary 1, 1834Formed from Wabash New Purchase and un-organizedCapt. Isaac White,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe25,267505 sq mi
(1,308 km2)
State map highlighting White County
Whitley County183Columbia CityFebruary 7, 1835Formed from un-organizedCol. William Whitley,[7] hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe30,707336 sq mi
(870 km2)
State map highlighting Whitley County

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  2. ^ "IN Const. art. XV, § 7". Indiana Legislature. 1851. pp. Constitution of the State of Indiana, as amended. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  3. ^ "FIPS Publish 6-4". National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 2007-04-11. 
  4. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b c "Origin of Indiana County Names". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  6. ^ "Indiana -- County". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fought in the Battle of Tippecanoe
  8. ^ Delaware County was originally formed on January 1, 1820, but for lack of population it was dissolved shortly thereafter. (Funk, p. 192)
  9. ^ Originally named Richardville County for Chief Richardville, but renamed in 1872 (Funk, p. 193)
  10. ^ Originally organized February 7, 1835 but merged with Jasper County in 1839 and recreated later. (Funk, p. 193)
  11. ^ Originally formed January 20, 1820 but soon dissolved for lack of population. (Funk, p. 194)
Sources

External links[edit]