List of counties in Florida

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Escambia CountySanta Rosa CountyOkaloosa CountyWalton CountyHolmes CountyWashington CountyJackson CountyBay CountyCalhoun CountyGulf CountyFranklin CountyFranklin CountyLiberty CountyGadsden CountyLeon CountyWakulla CountyJefferson CountyTaylor CountyMadison CountyHamilton CountyNassau CountyColumbia CountyBaker CountySuwannee CountyLafayette CountyDuval CountyUnion CountyBradford CountyGilchrist CountyDixie CountyClay CountySt. Johns CountyAlachua CountyPutnam CountyFlagler CountyLevy CountyMarion CountyVolusia CountyBrevard CountyCitrus CountySumter CountyLake CountySeminole CountyOrange CountyHernando CountyPasco CountyPinellas CountyHillsborough CountyPolk CountyOsceola CountyIndian River CountyManatee CountyHardee CountyDeSoto CountySarasota CountyHighlands CountyOkeechobee CountySt. Lucie CountyMartin CountyGlades CountyCharlotte CountyLee CountyHendry CountyPalm Beach CountyCollier CountyBroward CountyMiami-Dade CountyMiami-Dade CountyMonroe CountyMonroe CountyMonroe CountyMonroe CountyA map of Florida's counties with counties labeled. Florida is shaped liked an "L" rotated 180 degrees. Many of the county borders follow the winding courses of river, some are straight. Some of larger counties tend to be in the center of the State.
Florida counties (clickable map)

There are 67 counties in the state of Florida. It became a territory of the U.S. in 1821 with two counties complementing the provincial divisions retained as a Spanish territory: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east, divided by the Suwanee River. All of the other counties were apportioned from these two original counties. Florida became the 27th U.S. state in 1845, and its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County.[1] Florida's counties are subdivisions of the state government. In 1968, counties gained the power to develop their own charters.[2] All but one of Florida's county seats are incorporated municipalities. The exception is Crawfordville, county seat of rural Wakulla County.[3]

The names of Florida's counties reflect its diverse cultural heritage. Some are named for Southern political leaders and Spanish explorers, marking the influence of Spanish sovereignty, while others are named for Spanish saints, Native American placenames used by the Spanish, and political leaders of the United States. Natural features of the region, including rivers, lakes, and flora, are also commonly used for county names. Florida has counties named for participants on both sides of Second Seminole War: Miami-Dade County is partially named for Francis L. Dade, a Major in the U.S. Army at the time; Osceola County is named for a Native American resistance leader during the war.[4]

Population figures are based on the 2010 United States Census. The population of Florida is 18,801,310, an increase of 17.6% from 2000. The average population of Florida's counties is 280,616; Miami-Dade County is the most populous (2,496,435) and Liberty County is the least (8,365). The average land area is 805 sq mi (2,085 km2). The largest county is Palm Beach County (2,034 sq mi, 5,268 km2) and the smallest is Union County (240 sq mi, 622 km2). The total area of the state is 65,795  sq miles; of this, the land area of the state constitutes 53,927 square miles (139,670 km2) while the water area constitutes 11,868  sq miles.[5][6]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) is used by the U.S. government to uniquely identify counties, and is provided for each entry. These codes link to the United States Census Bureau's "quick facts" for each county. Florida's FIPS code of 12 is used to distinguish from counties in other states. For example, Alachua County's unique nationwide identifier is 12001.[7]


Counties[edit]

County
FIPS code
[7]
County seat
[8]
Established
[4]
Formed from
[4]
Etymology
[4]
Population
[9]
Area
[5][8]
Map
Alachua County001Gainesville1824St. Johns CountyDerived from the native name of a chasm located northwest of Gainesville249,365874 sq mi
(2,264 km2)
A state map highlighting Alachua County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Baker County003Macclenny1861Bradford CountyJames McNair Baker (1821–1892), a Confederate senator and later a judge in the fourth judicial district27,154585 sq mi
(1,515 km2)
A state map highlighting Baker County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Bay County005Panama City1913Washington CountySt. Andrew's Bay, the central geographic feature of the county169,856764 sq mi
(1,979 km2)
A state map highlighting Bay County in the panhandle part of the state. It is medium in size.
Bradford County007Starke1858Columbia and Alachua countiesRichard Bradford, the first officer from Florida to die in the Civil War; he was killed during the Battle of Santa Rosa Island28,255293 sq mi
(759 km2)
A state map highlighting Bradford County in the corner part of the state. It is small in size.
Brevard County009Titusville1855Orange CountyThomas Washington Brevard, early settler and later state comptroller from 1853 to 1861543,5661,018 sq mi
(2,637 km2)
A state map highlighting Brevard County in the southeastern part of the state. It is medium in size and narrow in shape.
Broward County011Fort Lauderdale1915Miami-Dade CountyNapoleon Bonaparte Broward (1857–1910), 19th Governor of Florida from 1905 to 19091,780,1721,209 sq mi
(3,131 km2)
A state map highlighting Broward County in southern part of the state. It is medium in size and shaped like a rectangle.
Calhoun County013Blountstown1838Escambia CountyJohn C. Calhoun (1782–1850) leading Southern politician from South Carolina14,750567 sq mi
(1,469 km2)
A state map highlighting Calhoun County in the northwestern part of the state. It is small in size.
Charlotte County015Punta Gorda1921DeSoto CountyProbably a corruption of the name of the Calusa, a group of Native Americans from the area160,511694 sq mi
(1,797 km2)
A state map highlighting Charlotte County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Citrus County017Inverness1887Hernando CountyThe county's citrus trees140,031584 sq mi
(1,513 km2)
A state map highlighting Citrus County in the middle part of the state. It is medium in size.
Clay County019Green Cove Springs1858Duval CountyHenry Clay (1777–1852), Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829 under John Quincy Adams192,370601 sq mi
(1,557 km2)
A state map highlighting Clay County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Collier County021Naples1923Lee CountyBarron Collier (1873–1939), an advertising entrepreneur who developed much of the land in southern Florida328,1342,026 sq mi
(5,247 km2)
A state map highlighting Collier County in the southern part of the state. It is large in size.
Columbia County023Lake City1832St. Johns CountyChristopher Columbus (c. 1451–1506), explorer of the Americas67,485797 sq mi
(2,064 km2)
A state map highlighting Columbia County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size and narrow in shape.
DeSoto County027Arcadia1887Manatee CountyHernando de Soto (c. 1496/1497–1542), a Spanish explorer and conquistador34,894637 sq mi
(1,650 km2)
A state map highlighting DeSoto County in the southern part of the state. It is small in size and rectangular in shape.
Dixie County029Cross City1921Lafayette CountyDixie, the common nickname for the Southern United States16,486704 sq mi
(1,823 km2)
A state map highlighting Dixie County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Duval County031Jacksonville1822St. Johns CountyWilliam Pope Duval (1784–1854), the first governor of the Florida Territory870,709774 sq mi
(2,005 km2)
A state map highlighting Duval County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Escambia County033Pensacola1821One of the two original counties of FloridaDisputed origin; possibly from the Native American word Shambia, meaning "clear water"299,114664 sq mi
(1,720 km2)
A state map highlighting Escambia County in the westernmost part of the state. It is medium in size and narrow in shape.
Flagler County035Bunnell1917St. Johns and Volusia countiesHenry Morrison Flagler (1830–1913), founder of the Florida East Coast Railway97,376485 sq mi
(1,256 km2)
A state map highlighting Flagler County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Franklin County037Apalachicola1832Escambia CountyBenjamin Franklin (1706–1790), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America11,596534 sq mi
(1,383 km2)
A state map highlighting Franklin County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Gadsden County039Quincy1823Jackson CountyJames Gadsden (1788–1858), American diplomat and namesake of the Gadsden Purchase46,151516 sq mi
(1,336 km2)
A state map highlighting Gadsden County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Gilchrist County041Trenton1925Alachua CountyAlbert W. Gilchrist (1858–1926), the 20th Governor of Florida17,004349 sq mi
(904 km2)
A state map highlighting Gilchrist County in the corner part of the state. It is small in size.
Glades County043Moore Haven1921DeSoto CountyThe Florida Everglades12,635774 sq mi
(2,005 km2)
A state map highlighting Glades County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Gulf County045Port St. Joe1925Calhoun CountyThe Gulf of Mexico15,844565 sq mi
(1,463 km2)
A state map highlighting Gulf County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Hamilton County047Jasper1827Escambia CountyAlexander Hamilton (1757–1804), the first United States Secretary of the Treasury and a Founding Father14,671515 sq mi
(1,334 km2)
A state map highlighting Hamilton County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Hardee County049Wauchula1921DeSoto CountyCary A. Hardee (1876–1957), governor of Florida at the time of creation of Hardee County27,887637 sq mi
(1,650 km2)
A state map highlighting Hardee County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size and shaped like a rectangle.
Hendry County051La Belle1923Lee CountyFrancis A. Hendry (1833–1917), early Floridian pioneer and politician39,0891,153 sq mi
(2,986 km2)
A state map highlighting Hendry County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Hernando County053Brooksville1843Hillsborough, Mosquito, and Alachua countiesHernando de Soto (c.1496/1497–1542), a Spanish explorer and conquistador173,094478 sq mi
(1,238 km2)
A state map highlighting Hernando County in the middle part of the state. It is medium in size.
Highlands County055Sebring1921DeSoto CountyNamed for the county's hilly terrain98,6301,028 sq mi
(2,663 km2)
A state map highlighting Highlands County in the southern part of the state. It is large in size.
Hillsborough County057Tampa1834St. Johns CountyWills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire (1718–1793), former Secretary of State of the American Colonies1,267,7751,051 sq mi
(2,722 km2)
A state map highlighting Hillsborough County in the middle part of the state. It is large in size.
Holmes County059Bonifay1848Jackson and Walton countiesHolmes Creek, which forms the eastern boundary of the county19,873482 sq mi
(1,248 km2)
A state map highlighting Holmes County in the northwestern part of the state. It is small in size.
Indian River County061Vero Beach1925St. Lucie CountyThe Indian River Lagoon, which flows through the county138,894503 sq mi
(1,303 km2)
A state map highlighting Indian River County in the eastern part of the state. It is small in size.
Jackson County063Marianna1822Escambia CountyAndrew Jackson (1767–1845), the seventh President of the United States49,292916 sq mi
(2,372 km2)
A state map highlighting Jackson County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Jefferson County065Monticello1827Escambia CountyThomas Jefferson (1743–1826), the third President of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence14,658598 sq mi
(1,549 km2)
A state map highlighting Jefferson County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Lafayette County067Mayo1856Madison CountyMarquis de Lafayette (1757–1834), French aristocrat and general in the American Revolutionary War8,942543 sq mi
(1,406 km2)
A state map highlighting Lafayette County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Lake County069Tavares1887Orange and Sumter countiesNamed for the many lakes in the region301,019953 sq mi
(2,468 km2)
A state map highlighting Lake County in the middle part of the state. It is large in size and narrow in shape.
Lee County071Fort Myers1887Monroe CountyRobert E. Lee (1807–1870), commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War631,330804 sq mi
(2,082 km2)
A state map highlighting Lee County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Leon County073Tallahassee1824Escambia CountyJuan Ponce de León (1474–1521), Spanish explorer who named Florida277,971667 sq mi
(1,728 km2)
A state map highlighting Leon County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Levy County075Bronson1845Alachua CountyDavid Levy Yulee (1810–1886), one of the state's original United States Senators40,1561,118 sq mi
(2,896 km2)
A state map highlighting Levy County in the corner part of the state. It is large in size.
Liberty County077Bristol1855Gadsden CountyThe patriotic ideal of liberty8,314836 sq mi
(2,165 km2)
A state map highlighting Liberty County in the northwestern part of the state. It is large in size.
Madison County079Madison1827Jefferson CountyJames Madison (1751–1836), fourth President of the United States19,115692 sq mi
(1,792 km2)
A state map highlighting Madison County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Manatee County081Bradenton1855Hillsborough and Orange countiesThe Manatee, or sea cow, is native to Floridian waters327,142741 sq mi
(1,919 km2)
A state map highlighting Manatee County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Marion County083Ocala1844Alachua and Orange countiesFrancis Marion (c. 1732–1795), military officer during the American Revolution332,5291,579 sq mi
(4,090 km2)
A state map highlighting Marion County in the corner part of the state. It is large in size.
Martin County085Stuart1925St. Lucie and Palm Beach countiesJohn W. Martin (1884–1958), governor of Florida at time of creation of the county147,495556 sq mi
(1,440 km2)
A state map highlighting Martin County in the southern part of the state. It is small in size and shaped like a rectangle.
Miami-Dade County086Miami1836St. Johns CountyCity of Miami and Francis L. Dade (c. 1793–1835), Major in the United States Army during the Second Seminole War2,554,7661,945 sq mi
(5,038 km2)
A state map highlighting Miami-Dade County in the southernmost part of the state. It is large in size.
Monroe County087Key West1823St. Johns CountyJames Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States73,873997 sq mi
(2,582 km2)
A state map highlighting Monroe County in the southernmost part of the state. It is medium in size.
Nassau County089Fernandina Beach1824St. Johns CountyDuchy of Nassau in Germany74,195652 sq mi
(1,689 km2)
A state map highlighting Nassau County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Okaloosa County091Crestview1915Santa Rosa and Walton countiesA native word meaning "a pleasant place," "black water", or "beautiful place"183,482936 sq mi
(2,424 km2)
A state map highlighting Okaloosa County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size and shaped like a narrow rectangle.
Okeechobee County093Okeechobee1917Osceola and Brevard countiesLake Okeechobee, which was in turn is from the Hitchiti words for "big water"40,140774 sq mi
(2,005 km2)
A state map highlighting Okeechobee County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Orange County095Orlando1824St. Johns CountyThe fruit that was the county's main product1,169,107908 sq mi
(2,352 km2)
A state map highlighting Orange County in the middle part of the state. It is medium in size.
Osceola County097Kissimmee1887Brevard and Orange countiesOsceola (1804–1838), a leader of the Seminole during the Second Seminole War276,1631,322 sq mi
(3,424 km2)
A state map highlighting Osceola County in the middle part of the state. It is large in size.
Palm Beach County099West Palm Beach1909Miami-Dade CountyThe county's large amounts of palm trees1,335,1872,034 sq mi
(5,268 km2)
A state map highlighting Palm Beach County in the southern part of the state. It is large in size.
Pasco County101Dade City1887Hernando CountySamuel Pasco (1834–1917), United States Senator at the time of creation of the county466,457745 sq mi
(1,930 km2)
A state map highlighting Pasco County in the middle part of the state. It is medium in size.
Pinellas County103Clearwater1912Hillsborough CountyFrom the Spanish Punta Piñal, or "Point of Pines"917,398280 sq mi
(725 km2)
A state map highlighting Pinellas County in the middle part of the state. It is small in size.
Polk County105Bartow1861Brevard and Hillsborough countiesJames K. Polk (1795–1849), the 11th President of the United States609,4921,875 sq mi
(4,856 km2)
A state map highlighting Polk County in the middle part of the state. It is large in size.
Putnam County107Palatka1849Alachua and St. Johns countiesBenjamin A. Putnam (1801–1869), soldier during the Second Seminole War and Floridian legislator74,041722 sq mi
(1,870 km2)
A state map highlighting Putnam County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
St. Johns County109St. Augustine1821One of the two original countiesName derived from the St. Johns River, which in turn derives its name from San Juan del Puerto195,823609 sq mi
(1,577 km2)
A state map highlighting St. Johns County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
St. Lucie County111Fort Pierce1905Brevard CountySaint Lucy (283–304), the Christian martyr280,379572 sq mi
(1,481 km2)
A state map highlighting St. Lucie County in the southern part of the state. It is small in size.
Santa Rosa County113Milton1842Escambia CountySanta Rosa Island, which is in turn named for Saint Rosa de Viterbo (1235–1252), a saint born in Viterbo, Italy154,1041,016 sq mi
(2,631 km2)
A state map highlighting Santa Rosa County in the northwestern part of the state. It is large in size.
Sarasota County115Sarasota1921Manatee CountyNative American word, of uncertain meaning, for the area382,213572 sq mi
(1,481 km2)
A state map highlighting Sarasota County in the southern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Seminole County117Sanford1913Orange CountyThe Seminole Native American tribe425,071308 sq mi
(798 km2)
A state map highlighting Seminole County in the middle part of the state. It is small in size.
Sumter County119Bushnell1853Orange CountyThomas Sumter (1734–1832), general in the American Revolution97,756546 sq mi
(1,414 km2)
A state map highlighting Sumter County in the middle part of the state. It is medium in size and narrow in shape.
Suwannee County121Live Oak1858Columbia CountyThe Suwannee River, a 266-mile long river in northern Florida41,972688 sq mi
(1,782 km2)
A state map highlighting Suwannee County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Taylor County123Perry1856Madison CountyZachary Taylor (1784–1850), 12th President of the United States22,6911,042 sq mi
(2,699 km2)
A state map highlighting Taylor County in the corner part of the state. It is medium in size.
Union County125Lake Butler1921Bradford CountyNamed for the area's residents united desire to split into a separate county15,388240 sq mi
(622 km2)
A state map highlighting Union County in the corner part of the state. It is small in size.
Volusia County127DeLand1854Orange CountyThe port of Volusia, whose etymology is uncertain; possibly derived from the Native American word for "Land of the Euchees," the term for the area's native inhabitants494,8041,106 sq mi
(2,865 km2)
A state map highlighting Volusia County in the middle part of the state. It is large in size.
Wakulla County129Crawfordville1843Leon CountyThe Wakulla River, itself named for a Spanish corruption of a Timucuan word used to describe the body of water, but that is of uncertain meaning30,978607 sq mi
(1,572 km2)
A state map highlighting Wakulla County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.
Walton County131DeFuniak Springs1824Escambia CountyGeorge Walton, first Secretary of Florida Territory55,7931,058 sq mi
(2,740 km2)
A state map highlighting Walton County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size and narrow in shape.
Washington County133Chipley1825Jackson and Walton countiesGeorge Washington (1732–1799), first President of the United States24,935580 sq mi
(1,502 km2)
A state map highlighting Washington County in the northwestern part of the state. It is medium in size.

Renamed counties[edit]

Five counties in Florida have been renamed. Most renamings occurred between 1845 and 1861, during the first sixteen years of Florida's statehood. One occurred in 1997, when Dade County changed its name to Miami-Dade County.

County[4]Dates[4]Etymology[4]Fate[4]
Benton County1844–1850Thomas Benton (1782–1858), U.S. Senator from Missouri who supported the Armed Occupation Act of 1842 that many Floridians wanted in order to evict Native AmericansOriginal name of county was Hernando County, and the name was changed back to that in 1850
Dade County1836–1997Francis L. Dade (c. 1793–1835), Major in the United States Army during the Second Seminole WarChanged to Miami-Dade County in 1997 in order to have a more recognizable name
Mosquito County1824–1845Taken from the name the Spanish had given the entire coast, "Los Mosquitos"Changed to Orange County in 1845
New River County1858–1861The New RiverChanged to Bradford County in 1861
St. Lucia County1844–1855Saint Lucy (283–304), the Christian martyrChanged to Brevard County in 1855

Proposed counties[edit]

Two counties were proposed in Florida's state legislature, but neither actually became counties. A bill was passed by the legislature to create Bloxham County, but residents did not vote to approve it. See Leigh Read County, Florida for the events surrounding the proposed county.

County[4]Proposal date[4]Etymology[4]
Bloxham County1914William D. Bloxham (1835–1911), 13th and 17th Governor of Florida
Leigh Read County1842Leigh Read, legislator
Ocean County1991Atlantic Ocean

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ "A Guide to Alachua County's History". Alachua County Florida. Retrieved March 24, 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ "About Florida's Counties". Florida Association of Counties. Retrieved January 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Demographics". Wakulla County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2012-01-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Florida County Maps". Florida Center for Instructional Technology – University of South Florida. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Florida QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 23, 2008.  (2008 Census estimates)
  6. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. December 2009. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2010.  (updated 2008 population estimate)
  7. ^ a b "United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) County FIPS Code Listing". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved April 24, 2008. 
  8. ^ a b "NACo – Find a county". National Association of Counties. Retrieved April 24, 2008. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Florida QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
General
  • Atlas of Florida, revised edition. Edward A. Fernald & Elizabeth D. Purdum, editors (University Press of Florida, 1996). "Evolution of Counties", pp. 98–99.