List of counties in Connecticut

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Connecticut counties

This is a list of counties in Connecticut. There are currently eight counties in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Four of them were created in 1666, during the first consolidation of the colony of Connecticut from a number of smaller colonies. Two counties were created during colonial times, and two counties, Middlesex and Tolland, were created after American independence (both in 1785). Six of the counties are named for locations in England, where many early Connecticut settlers originated.[1] Although Connecticut is divided into counties, there is no county government in Connecticut and local government consists of cities and towns.[2][3] County government was abolished in Connecticut in 1960, although the names remain for geographical purposes. Counties are, however, still used by the state to organize its judicial and state marshal system. Connecticut's court jurisdictions still adhere to the county boundaries, except for Fairfield, Hartford and New Haven, which have been further subdivided into several jurisdictions.

The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Fairfield County, Connecticut is 001, Belknap County, New Hampshire and Alachua County, Florida are also 001. To uniquely identify Fairfield County, Connecticut, one must use the state code of 09 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Fairfield County, Connecticut is 09001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.[4]

Alphabetical listing

County
FIPS code
[4]
County seat
(defunct) [5]
Established
[5]
Origin
[1]
Etymology
[6]
Population
[5][7]
Area
[5]
Map
Fairfield County001Fairfield (1666-1853)
Bridgeport (1853-1960)
1666One of four original counties created in ConnecticutFrom the hundreds of acres of salt marsh that bordered the coast.7005916829000000000916,8297002626000000000000626 sq mi
(70031621000000000001,621 km2)
State map highlighting Fairfield County
Hartford County003Hartford (1666-1960)1666One of four original counties created in ConnecticutAfter the county of Hertfordshire in the UK7005894014000000000894,0147002736000000000000736 sq mi
(70031906000000000001,906 km2)
State map highlighting Hartford County
Litchfield County005Litchfield (1751-1960)1751From parts of Fairfield County, Hartford County, and New Haven CountyCity of Lichfield in the UK7005189927000000000189,9277002920000000000000920 sq mi
(70032383000000000002,383 km2)
State map highlighting Litchfield County
Middlesex County007Middletown (1785-1960)1785From parts of Hartford County and New London CountyFormer county of Middlesex in the UK7005165676000000000165,6767002369000000000000369 sq mi
(7002956000000000000956 km2)
State map highlighting Middlesex County
New Haven County009New Haven (1666-1960)1666One of four original counties created in ConnecticutAfter New Haven Colony, founded as a haven in which Puritans could be free from persecution7005862477000000000862,4777002606000000000000606 sq mi
(70031570000000000001,570 km2)
State map highlighting New Haven County
New London County011New London (1666-1960)1666One of four original counties created in ConnecticutAfter London, UK7005274055000000000274,0557002666000000000000666 sq mi
(70031725000000000001,725 km2)
State map highlighting New London County
Tolland County013Tolland (1785-1889)
Rockville (1889-1960)
1785From parts of Hartford County, and Windham CountyHamlet of Tolland, Somerset, UK7005152691000000000152,6917002410000000000000410 sq mi
(70031062000000000001,062 km2)
State map highlighting Tolland County
Windham County015Windham (1726-1819)
Brooklyn (1819-1895)
Willimantic and Putnam (1895-1960)
1726From parts of Hartford County, and New London CountyAfter Windham (now Wineham) in Sussex, England7005118428000000000118,4287002513000000000000513 sq mi
(70031329000000000001,329 km2)
State map highlighting Windham County

Former counties

References

  1. ^ a b Clark, George Larkin (1914). A History of Connecticut, Its People and Institutions. G.P. Putnam & Sons. http://books.google.com/books?id=CWYlAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA1&dq=a+history+of+connecticut#PPR11,M1. 
  2. ^ "About Connecticut". CT.gov. http://www.ct.gov/ctportal/cwp/view.asp?a=843&q=246434. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  3. ^ An Overview of County Government, National Association of Counties website, accessed 5 January 2008
  4. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/ct.html. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b c d National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&state.cfm&statecode=CT. Retrieved 2008-04-30. [dead link]
  6. ^ Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States. McFarland Press. ISBN 0-7864-1025-6. 
  7. ^ "Connecticut QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/maps/connecticut_map.html. Retrieved 2007-07-17.