List of counties in Alabama

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Lauderdale County, AlabamaColbert County, AlabamaFranklin County, AlabamaMarion County, AlabamaLamar County, AlabamaPickens County, AlabamaGreene County, AlabamaSumter County, AlabamaChoctaw County, AlabamaWashington County, AlabamaMobile County, AlabamaBaldwin County, AlabamaEscambia County, AlabamaMonroe County, AlabamaClarke County, AlabamaMarengo County, AlabamaHale County, AlabamaFayette County, AlabamaTuscaloosa County, AlabamaBibb County, AlabamaPerry County, AlabamaDallas County, AlabamaWilcox County, AlabamaConecuh County, AlabamaCovington County, AlabamaCrenshaw County, AlabamaMontgomery County, AlabamaButler County, AlabamaLowndes County, AlabamaAutauga County, AlabamaChilton County, AlabamaShelby County, AlabamaJefferson County, AlabamaWalker County, AlabamaWinston County, AlabamaLawrence County, AlabamaLimestone County, AlabamaMadison County, AlabamaJackson County, AlabamaDeKalb County, AlabamaCherokee County, AlabamaEtowah County, AlabamaMarshall County, AlabamaMorgan County, AlabamaCullman County, AlabamaBlount County, AlabamaSt. Clair County, AlabamaCalhoun County, AlabamaCleburne County, AlabamaTalladega County, AlabamaCoosa County, AlabamaClay County, AlabamaRandolph County, AlabamaTallapoosa County, AlabamaChambers County, AlabamaLee County, AlabamaElmore County, AlabamaMacon County, AlabamaRussell County, AlabamaBarbour County, AlabamaCoffee County, AlabamaPike County, AlabamaBullock County, AlabamaGeneva County, AlabamaDale County, AlabamaHenry County, AlabamaHouston County, Alabama
Alabama counties (clickable map)

The U.S. state of Alabama has 67 counties.[1] Each county serves as the local level of government within its borders. The land enclosed by the present state borders was joined to the United States of America gradually. Following the American Revolutionary War, West Florida was ceded to Spain by treaty while the remainder was organized primarily as the Mississippi Territory, and later the Alabama Territory.[2] The territorial assembly established some of the earliest county divisions that have survived to the present, including the earliest county formation, that of Washington County, created on June 4, 1800.[3] In 1814, the Treaty of Fort Jackson opened the territory to American settlers, which in turn led to a more rapid rate of county creation. Alabama was admitted to the Union as the 22nd state in 1819.[4] The Alabama state legislature formed additional counties from former Indian lands as the Indian Removal Act took effect and settlers populated different areas of Alabama.[5] In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36 and Native Americans still occupied large areas of land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.[6] Houston County was the last county created in the state, on February 9, 1903.[3]

According to 2010 U. S. Census data, the average population of Alabama's 67 counties is 71,399, with Jefferson County as the most populous (658,466), and Greene County (9,045) the least.[7] The average land area is 756 sq mi (1,958 km2). The largest county is Baldwin (1,590 sq mi, 4,118 km2) and the smallest is Etowah (535 sq mi, 1,386 km2).[8] The Constitution of Alabama requires that any new county in Alabama cover at least 600 square miles (1,600 km2) in area, effectively limiting the creation of new counties in the state.[9]

The Alabama Department of Revenue's Motor Vehicle Division issues standard automobile license plates that bear a one- or two-digit number identifying the county in which the vehicle is registered. This number is given in the fourth column in the table below. The first three prefixes are reserved for the state's historically most populous counties, and thereafter proceed alphabetically. Individual license plate numbers are assigned sequentially in each licensing office. The numbers are in the format XA1111A or XXA111A, depending on whether the prefix is one or two digits. Overflow registrations are accommodated by substituting a letter for one of the registration numbers, such that XXZ999Z is followed by XXA0A0A.[10]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. The FIPS code links in the table point to U. S. Census "quick facts" pages for each county.

Counties[edit]

County
FIPS code
[11]
County seat
[3]
License #
[12]
Created
[3]
Formed from
[13]
Etymology
[6][14]
Population
[7]
Area
[8]
Map
Autauga County001Prattville41818Montgomery CountyThe Autauga or Atagi people, Native Americans who were a sub-group of the Alibamu55,514594 sq mi (1,538 km2)State map highlighting Autauga County
Baldwin County003Bay Minette51809Washington County and West FloridaAbraham Baldwin (1754–1807), U.S. legislator from Georgia190,7901,590 sq mi
(4,118 km2)
State map highlighting Baldwin County
Barbour County005Clayton61832Pike CountyJames Barbour (1775–1842), Governor of Virginia and U.S. Senator27,201885 sq mi
(2,292 km2)
State map highlighting Barbour County
Bibb County007Centreville71818Montgomery County (as Cahawba County)William Wyatt Bibb (1781–1820), 1st Governor of Alabama22,597623 sq mi
(1,614 km2)
State map highlighting Bibb County
Blount County009Oneonta81818Montgomery County and Indian territoriesWillie Blount (1768–1835), Governor of Tennessee.57,826645 sq mi
(1,671 km2)
State map highlighting Blount County
Bullock County011Union Springs91866Barbour, Macon, Montgomery, and Pike countiesEdward Bullock (1822–1861), colonel in the Confederate States Army10,474623 sq mi
(1,614 km2)
State map highlighting Bullock County
Butler County013Greenville101819Conecuh and Monroe countiesWilliam Butler (?–1818), captain in Creek War20,307777 sq mi
(2,012 km2)
State map highlighting Butler County
Calhoun County015Anniston111832St. Clair County (as Benton County)John C. Calhoun (1782–1850), 7th U.S. Vice President117,296606 sq mi
(1,570 km2)
State map highlighting Calhoun County
Chambers County017LaFayette121832Montgomery CountyHenry H. Chambers (1790–1826), U.S. Senator34,064597 sq mi
(1,546 km2)
State map highlighting Chambers County
Cherokee County019Centre131836Cherokee territoryCherokee people, whose lands included Alabama26,021554 sq mi
(1,435 km2)
State map highlighting Cherokee County
Chilton County021Clanton141868Autauga, Bibb, Perry, and Shelby counties (as Baker County)William Parish Chilton (1810–1871), Alabama Supreme Court Justice and Confederate congressman43,819693 sq mi
(1,795 km2)
State map highlighting Chilton County
Choctaw County023Butler151847Sumter and Washington countiesChoctaw people, whose lands included Alabama13,633914 sq mi
(2,367 km2)
State map highlighting Choctaw County
Clarke County025Grove Hill161812Washington CountyJohn Clarke (1766–1832), general from Georgia25,1611,238 sq mi
(3,206 km2)
State map highlighting Clarke County
Clay County027Ashland171866Randolph and Talladega countiesHenry Clay (1777–1852), U.S. legislator from Kentucky13,435604 sq mi
(1,564 km2)
State map highlighting Clay County
Cleburne County029Heflin181866Calhoun, Randolph , and Talladega countiesPatrick Cleburne (1828–1864), major general in Confederate States Army14,832560 sq mi
(1,450 km2)
State map highlighting Cleburne County
Coffee County031Elba and Enterprise[15]191841Dale CountyJohn Coffee (1772–1833), military leader in War of 1812 and Creek War51,252679 sq mi
(1,759 km2)
State map highlighting Coffee County
Colbert County033Tuscumbia201867Franklin CountyGeorge Colbert (1764–1839) and Levi Colbert (1759–1834), Chickasaw chiefs54,446593 sq mi
(1,536 km2)
State map highlighting Colbert County
Conecuh County035Evergreen211818Monroe CountyThe Conecuh River, which flows through the county12,981850 sq mi
(2,201 km2)
State map highlighting Conecuh County
Coosa County037Rockford221832Montgomery CountyThe Coosa River, which flows through the county, and is itself named after a Native American village10,966651 sq mi
(1,686 km2)
State map highlighting Coosa County
Covington County039Andalusia231821Henry CountyLeonard Covington (1768–1813), brigadier general in War of 1812 and U.S. Congressman37,9551,030 sq mi
(2,668 km2)
State map highlighting Covington County
Crenshaw County041Luverne241866Butler, Coffee, Covington, Lowndes, and Pike CountiesAnderson Crenshaw (1783–1847), Alabama Supreme Court justice and early settler14,083609 sq mi
(1,577 km2)
State map highlighting Crenshaw County
Cullman County043Cullman251877Blount, Morgan, and Winston countiesColonel John G. Cullmann (1823–1895), founder of county seat80,440735 sq mi
(1,904 km2)
State map highlighting Cullman County
Dale County045Ozark261824Covington and Henry countiesSamuel Dale (1772–1841), brigadier general and state legislator50,444561 sq mi
(1,453 km2)
State map highlighting Dale County
Dallas County047Selma271818Monroe and Montgomery countiesAlexander James Dallas (1759–1817) , U.S. Secretary of Treasury43,820979 sq mi
(2,536 km2)
State map highlighting Dallas County
DeKalb County049Fort Payne281836Cherokee territoryJohann de Kalb (1721–1780), major general in American Revolutionary War71,109777 sq mi
(2,012 km2)
State map highlighting DeKalb County
Elmore County051Wetumpka291866Autauga, Coosa, Montgomery, and Tallapoosa countiesJohn Archer Elmore (1762–1834), Revolutionary War veteran79,303618 sq mi
(1,601 km2)
State map highlighting Elmore County
Escambia County053Brewton301868Baldwin and Conecuh countiesEscambia Creek, a tributary of the Conecuh River38,319945 sq mi
(2,448 km2)
State map highlighting Escambia County
Etowah County055Gadsden311866Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, DeKalb, Marshall, and St. Clair counties (as Baine County)Etowah Indian Mounds104,430535 sq mi
(1,386 km2)
State map highlighting Etowah County
Fayette County057Fayette321824Marion, Pickens, Tuscaloosa, and Walker countiesMarquis de La Fayette (1757–1834), Revolutionary War commander17,241628 sq mi
(1,627 km2)
State map highlighting Fayette County
Franklin County059Russellville331818Cherokee territoryBenjamin Franklin (1706–1790), politician, diplomat, inventor, and publisher31,704634 sq mi
(1,642 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Geneva County061Geneva341868Coffee, Dale, and Henry countiesNamed after Geneva, New York, the origin of several early settlers26,790574 sq mi
(1,487 km2)
State map highlighting Geneva County
Greene County063Eutaw351819Marengo and Tuscaloosa countiesNathanael Greene (1742–1786), Revolutionary War general9,045647 sq mi
(1,676 km2)
State map highlighting Greene County
Hale County065Greensboro361867Greene, Marengo, Perry, and Tuscaloosa countiesStephen F. Hale (1816–1862), lieutenant colonel in Confederate States Army15,760644 sq mi
(1,668 km2)
State map highlighting Hale County
Henry County067Abbeville371819Conecuh CountyPatrick Henry (1736–1799), Revolutionary War patriot and Governor of Virginia17,302562 sq mi
(1,456 km2)
State map highlighting Henry County
Houston County069Dothan381903Dale, Geneva, and Henry countiesGeorge S. Houston (1811–1879), 24th Governor of Alabama and U.S. Congressman101,547580 sq mi
(1,502 km2)
State map highlighting Houston County
Jackson County071Scottsboro391819Cherokee territoryAndrew Jackson (1767–1845), 7th U.S. President53,2271,078 sq mi
(2,792 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jefferson County073Birmingham11819Blount CountyThomas Jefferson (1743–1826), 3rd U.S. President658,4661,111 sq mi
(2,877 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Lamar County075Vernon401867Fayette and Marion counties (as Jones County)Lucius Q. C. Lamar (1825–1893), U.S. Supreme Court justice14,564605 sq mi
(1,567 km2)
State map highlighting Lamar County
Lauderdale County077Florence411818Cherokee and Chickasaw territoriesJames Lauderdale (1780–1814), Colonel in War of 181292,709668 sq mi
(1,730 km2)
State map highlighting Lauderdale County
Lawrence County079Moulton421818Cherokee territoryJames Lawrence (1781–1813), naval officer in War of 181234,339691 sq mi
(1,790 km2)
State map highlighting Lawrence County
Lee County081Opelika431866Chambers, Macon, Russell, and Tallapoosa countiesRobert E. Lee (1807–1870), Commander of the Confederate States Army140,247608 sq mi
(1,575 km2)
State map highlighting Lee County
Limestone County083Athens441818Elk and Madison countiesLimestone Creek, named for local geological deposits82,782560 sq mi
(1,450 km2)
State map highlighting Limestone County
Lowndes County085Hayneville451830Butler, Dallas, and Montgomery countiesWilliam Lowndes (1782–1822), U.S. Congressman from South Carolina11,299716 sq mi
(1,854 km2)
State map highlighting Lowndes County
Macon County087Tuskegee461832Montgomery CountyNathaniel Macon (1758–1837), U.S. legislator from North Carolina21,452609 sq mi
(1,577 km2)
State map highlighting Macon County
Madison County089Huntsville471808Cherokee and Chickasaw territoriesJames Madison (1751–1836), 4th U.S. President334,811802 sq mi
(2,077 km2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Marengo County091Linden481818Choctaw territoryBattle of Marengo21,027977 sq mi
(2,530 km2)
State map highlighting Marengo County
Marion County093Hamilton491818Tuscaloosa CountyFrancis Marion (1732–1795), military leader in American Revolutionary War30,776742 sq mi
(1,922 km2)
State map highlighting Marion County
Marshall County095Guntersville501836Blount and Jackson counties and Cherokee territoryJohn Marshall (1755–1835), Chief Justice of the United States 1801–183593,019566 sq mi
(1,466 km2)
State map highlighting Marshall County
Mobile County097Mobile21812Mobile District of West Florida after annexation into Mississippi TerritoryMobile Bay, on which county is located, and which is itself named after the Maubila tribe of Native Americans412,9921,229 sq mi
(3,183 km2)
State map highlighting Mobile County
Monroe County099Monroeville511815Creek territoryJames Monroe (1758–1831), 5th U.S. President23,0681,026 sq mi
(2,657 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Montgomery County101Montgomery31816Monroe CountyLemuel P. Montgomery (1786–1814), Major in Creek War229,363784 sq mi
(2,031 km2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Morgan County103Decatur521818Cherokee territory (as Cotaco County)Daniel Morgan (1736–1802), U.S. Congressman119,490579 sq mi
(1,500 km2)
State map highlighting Morgan County
Perry County105Marion531819Cahawba, Dallas, Marengo, and Tuscaloosa countiesOliver Hazard Perry (1795–1819), naval officer in War of 181210,591720 sq mi
(1,865 km2)
State map highlighting Perry County
Pickens County107Carrollton541820Tuscaloosa CountyAndrew Pickens (1739–1817), General in the Revolutionary War19,746881 sq mi
(2,282 km2)
State map highlighting Pickens County
Pike County109Troy551821Henry and Montgomery countiesZebulon Pike (1779–1813), explorer and officer in War of 181232,899672 sq mi
(1,740 km2)
State map highlighting Pike County
Randolph County111Wedowee561832St. Clair and Shelby countiesJohn Randolph (1773–1833), U.S. Senator from Virginia22,913581 sq mi
(1,505 km2)
State map highlighting Randolph County
Russell County113Phenix City571832Barbour, Bullock, Lee and Macon countiesGilbert C. Russell (1782-1861), officer in Creek War52,947641 sq mi
(1,660 km2)
State map highlighting Russell County
St. Clair County115Ashville and Pell City591818Shelby CountyArthur St. Clair (1736–1818), President of Continental Congress83,593632 sq mi
(1,637 km2)
State map highlighting St. Clair County
Shelby County117Columbiana581818Montgomery CountyIsaac Shelby (1750–1826), Governor of Kentucky195,085785 sq mi
(2,033 km2)
State map highlighting Shelby County
Sumter County119Livingston601832Choctaw territoryThomas Sumter (1734–1832), U.S. Congressman from South Carolina13,763904 sq mi
(2,341 km2)
State map highlighting Sumter County
Talladega County121Talladega611832St. Clair and Shelby countiesTalatigi, Creek Indian name for the county seat, meaning "border town"82,291737 sq mi
(1,909 km2)
State map highlighting Talladega County
Tallapoosa County123Dadeville621832Montgomery and Shelby countiesTallapoosa River41,616717 sq mi
(1,857 km2)
State map highlighting Tallapoosa County
Tuscaloosa County125Tuscaloosa631818Montgomery County and Choctaw territoryIroquoian name for the Black Warrior River194,6561,322 sq mi
(3,424 km2)
State map highlighting Tuscaloosa County
Walker County127Jasper641823Blount, Jefferson, and Tuscaloosa countiesJohn Williams Walker (1783–1823), U.S. Senator from Alabama67,023791 sq mi
(2,049 km2)
State map highlighting Walker County
Washington County129Chatom651800Adams and Pickering counties of Mississippi TerritoryGeorge Washington (1732–1799), 1st U.S. President17,5811,080 sq mi
(2,797 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Wilcox County131Camden661819Dallas and Monroe countiesJoseph M. Wilcox (1790–1814), lieutenant in Creek War11,670888 sq mi
(2,300 km2)
State map highlighting Wilcox County
Winston County133Double Springs671850Walker County (as Hancock County)John A. Winston (1812–1871), 15th Governor of Alabama24,484613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
State map highlighting Winston County

Former county names[edit]

County[6]Named for[6]Changed to[3]
Baine CountyDavid W. Baine, Colonel in the Civil WarEtowah County in 1868
Baker CountyAlfred Baker, a local landownerChilton County in 1874
Benton CountyThomas Hart Benton, U. S. Senator from MissouriCalhoun County in 1858, honoring Benton's rival John C. Calhoun of South Carolina after Benton's renunciation of slavery
Cahawba Countyformer state capitol of CahawbaBibb County in 1820
Cotaco CountyCotaco Creek, a tributary of the Tennessee RiverMorgan County in 1821
Hancock CountyJohn Hancock, signer of the Declaration of IndependenceWinston County in 1858
Jones CountyJosiah Jones, a local political leaderCovington County (its former name) in 1868 after Jones refused the honor
Jones CountyE.P. Jones, a local landownerSanford County, which subsequently became Lamar County in 1877
Sanford CountyH.C. Sanford, a local landownerLamar County in 1877

Former counties[edit]

CountyEstablishedDissolvedNamed forNotes
Decatur CountyDecember 7, 1821December 28, 1825Commodore Stephen Decatur of the United States Navy.Created in 1822 with Woodville as its county seat. Abolished several years later, divided between Madison County and Jackson County.
Elk County[16]May 9, 1817January 26, 1818Elk RiverEstablished by Mississippi Territory prior to Mississippi–Alabama split; abolished prior to Alabama statehood

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Find A County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2012-04-07. 
  2. ^ "Alabama History Timeline, 1701-1800". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Alabama History Timeline, 1801-1860". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  5. ^ "Alabama Counties: Cherokee". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  6. ^ a b c d Foscue, Virginia O. (1989) Place Names in Alabama. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-0410-X
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Alabama Constitution of 1901". Wikisource, The Free Library. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  10. ^ Nicholson, David. "Alabama License Plates, 1969-present". License Plates of North America, 1969–present. Retrieved 2007-08-08. 
  11. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  12. ^ Nicholson, David. "Alabama County Codes". License Plates of North America, 1969–present. Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  13. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory; Owen, Marie Bankhead (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. 
  14. ^ "Alabama Counties". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  15. ^ Coffee County, Alabama. "History of Coffee County". Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  16. ^ McDonald, William Lindsey (2003) [1997]. A Walk Through the Past: People and Places of Florence and Lauderdale County, Alabama. Killen, AL: Bluewater Publications. pp. 223–224. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 

External links[edit]