List of college bowl games

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The following is a list of current, defunct, and proposed college football bowl games. Six bowl games are currently part of the College Football Playoff, a selection system that creates bowl matchups involving twelve of the top-ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. There are also a number of other college football postseason invitationals, as well as several all-star games. The number of team-competitive (versus all-star) bowl games increased to 39 in 2014-15, allowing 76 teams to participate, requiring an easing of bowl eligibility rules to include teams with losing seasons to ensure 76 teams are eligible. Community college bowl games are also listed.

College Football Playoff games[edit]

Further information: College Football Playoff
NameFirst Bowl GameVenue
(Permanent Seating)
CityMost Recent
Per Team
Title Sponsor[2]Previous Name(s)[3]
Rose Bowl1902
(continuous since 1915)
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, California
(1941: Durham, North Carolina*)
$17,000,000Northwestern MutualTournament East-West football game; Rose Bowl, Rose Bowl Game presented by: AT&T^, Sony PlayStation 2^, Citi^, Vizio^
Orange Bowl1935Sun Life Stadium
Miami Gardens, Florida
(1934-1995, 1998: Miami, Florida)
$17,000,000Capital OneOrange Bowl, FedEx Orange Bowl, Discover Orange Bowl
Sugar Bowl1935Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
(2005: Atlanta, Georgia**)
$17,000,000AllstateSugar Bowl, USF&G Sugar Bowl, Nokia Sugar Bowl
Cotton Bowl1937AT&T Stadium
Arlington, Texas
(1937–2009: Dallas, Texas)
$22,000,000GoodyearCotton Bowl, Mobil Cotton Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Southwestern Bell Cotton Bowl Classic, SBC Cotton Bowl Classic
Peach Bowl1968Georgia Dome
Atlanta, Georgia$23,000,000Chick-fil-APeach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Bowl
Fiesta Bowl1971University of Phoenix Stadium
Glendale, Arizona
(1971-2005: Tempe, Arizona)
$17,000,000VizioFiesta Bowl, Sunkist Fiesta Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl, Tostitos Fiesta Bowl

^Since the 1998 season, the inaugural season of the BCS system, the Rose Bowl has only had a presenting sponsor after its title. Prior to that year, the Rose Bowl had no sponsor attached to its name.
*One-time move due to World War II travel restrictions after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
**One-time move due to damage to the Superdome from Hurricane Katrina.

Other current bowl games[edit]

Besides the six bowl games a part of the College Football Playoff, there are a number of other postseason invitationals. Generally, two conferences will agree to send teams of a particular standing to a game beforehand. For instance, the Rose Bowl traditionally features the Big Ten and Pac-12 conference champions. Generally, the payout to the participating teams in a Bowl Game is closely correlated to its prestige. By comparison, each of the former BCS bowls (including the national championship game) had a payout of $18 million.

NameSeason StartedVenue
(Permanent Seating)
CityMost Recent
Per Team
Title Sponsor(s)[4]Previous Name(s)[5]
Sun Bowl1934Sun Bowl Stadium
El Paso, Texas$2,000,000HyundaiSun Bowl, John Hancock Sun Bowl, John Hancock Bowl, Sun Bowl, Norwest Bank Sun Bowl, Norwest Sun Bowl, Wells Fargo Sun Bowl, Vitalis Sun Bowl, Brut Sun Bowl
TaxSlayer Bowl1945EverBank Field
Jacksonville, Florida

(1994: Gainesville, Florida)
$3,500,000TaxSlayerGator Bowl, Mazda Gator Bowl, Outback Gator Bowl, Toyota Gator Bowl, Konica Minolta Gator Bowl, Progressive Gator Bowl, Gator Bowl
Citrus Bowl1946Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
Orlando, Florida

(1973: Gainesville, Florida)
$4,550,000Buffalo Wild WingsTangerine Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, CompUSA Florida Citrus Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Bowl
Liberty Bowl1959Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium
Memphis, Tennessee

(1959–1963: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
1964: Atlantic City, New Jersey)
$1,437,500AutoZoneLiberty Bowl, St. Jude Liberty Bowl, AXA Liberty Bowl
Independence Bowl1976Independence Stadium
Shreveport, Louisiana$1,150,000Duck CommanderIndependence Bowl, Poulan Independence Bowl, Poulan Weed Eater Independence Bowl, Sanford Independence Bowl, MainStay Independence Bowl, PetroSun Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Bowl
Holiday Bowl1978Qualcomm Stadium
San Diego, California$2,075,000National UniversityHoliday Bowl, Sea World Holiday Bowl, Thrifty Car Rental Holiday Bowl, Plymouth Holiday Bowl, Culligan Holiday Bowl, Pacific Life Holiday Bowl, Bridgepoint Education Holiday Bowl
Outback Bowl1986Raymond James Stadium
Tampa, Florida$3,500,000OutbackHall of Fame Bowl
Cactus Bowl1989Sun Devil Stadium
Tempe, Arizona

(1989-99: Tucson, Arizona;
2000-2005: Phoenix, Arizona)
$3,350,000TicketCityCopper Bowl, Domino's Pizza Copper Bowl, Weiser Lock Copper Bowl, Copper Bowl, Bowl, Insight Bowl, Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl
Russell Athletic Bowl1990Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
Orlando, Florida

(1990-2000: Miami Gardens, Florida)
$2,275,000Russell AthleticSunshine Classic, Blockbuster Bowl, Carquest Bowl, MicronPC Bowl, Bowl, Visit Florida Tangerine Bowl, Mazda Tangerine Bowl, Champs Sports Bowl
Las Vegas Bowl1992Sam Boyd Stadium
Whitney, Nevada$1,100,000Royal PurpleLas Vegas Bowl, EA Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Las Vegas Bowl, Sega Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer PureVision Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer Las Vegas Bowl, MAACO Bowl Las Vegas
Alamo Bowl1993Alamodome
San Antonio, Texas$3,175,000ValeroBuilders Square Alamo Bowl, Sylvania Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard, MasterCard Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl
Famous Idaho Potato Bowl1997Albertsons Stadium
Boise, Idaho$325,000Idaho Potato CommissionSports Humanitarian Bowl, Humanitarian Bowl, Humanitarian Bowl, MPC Computers Bowl, Roady's Humanitarian Bowl, uDrove Humanitarian Bowl
Music City Bowl1998LP Field
Nashville, Tennessee$1,837,500Franklin American Mortgage CompanyMusic City Bowl, American General Music City Bowl, Music City Bowl, Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl presented by Bridgestone
GoDaddy Bowl1999Ladd Peebles Stadium
Mobile, Alabama$750,000Go DaddyMobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Bowl, Bowl
New Orleans Bowl2001Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana

(2005: Lafayette, Louisiana)
$500,000R+L CarriersNew Orleans Bowl, Wyndham New Orleans Bowl
Foster Farms Bowl2002Levi's Stadium
Santa Clara, California

(2002-2013: San Francisco, California)
$837,500Foster FarmsSan Francisco Bowl, Diamond Walnut San Francisco Bowl, Emerald Bowl, Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl, Fight Hunger Bowl
Hawaii Bowl2002Aloha Stadium
Honolulu, Hawaii$650,000NoneConAgra Foods Hawaiʻi Bowl, Sheraton Hawaiʻi Bowl
Belk Bowl2002Bank of America Stadium
Charlotte, North Carolina$1,700,000BelkQueen City Bowl, Continental Tire Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl
Armed Forces Bowl2003Amon G. Carter Stadium
Fort Worth, Texas

(2010-2011: University Park, Texas)
$600,000Lockheed MartinPlainsCapital Fort Worth Bowl, Fort Worth Bowl, Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl
Poinsettia Bowl2005Qualcomm Stadium
San Diego, California$500,000San Diego County Credit UnionNone previous
Texas Bowl2006NRG Stadium
Houston, Texas$1,700,000AdvoCareTexas Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas, Texas Bowl
Birmingham Bowl2006Legion Field
Birmingham, Alabama$1,000,025 (SEC); $900,000 (AAC)NoneBirmingham Bowl, Bowl, BBVA Compass Bowl
New Mexico Bowl2006University Stadium
Albuquerque, New Mexico$456,250GildanNew Mexico Bowl
Military Bowl2008Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland

(2008–2012: Washington, D.C.)
$1,000,000Northrop GrummanCongressional Bowl, EagleBank Bowl, Military Bowl Presented By Northrop Grumman
St. Petersburg Bowl2008Tropicana Field
St. Petersburg, Florida$537,500BitPaySt. Petersburg Bowl, magicJack St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl
Pinstripe Bowl2010Yankee Stadium[6]
Bronx, New York$1,800,000New EraNone previous
Heart of Dallas Bowl2010Cotton Bowl
Dallas, Texas$1,100,000Zaxby'sDallas Football Classic, TicketCity Bowl, Heart of Dallas Bowl presented by PlainsCapital Bank
Bahamas Bowl2014Thomas Robinson Stadium
Nassau, BahamasTBDPopeyesNone previous
Boca Raton Bowl2014FAU Stadium
Boca Raton, FloridaTBDNoneNone previous
Camellia Bowl2014Cramton Bowl
Montgomery, AlabamaTBDRaycom MediaNone previous
Miami Beach Bowl2014Marlins Park
Miami, FloridaTBDNoneNone previous
Quick Lane Bowl[7][8]2014Ford Field
Detroit, MichiganTBDFord Motor CompanyNone previous

Future (proposed) games[edit]

NameYear to startVenue
(permanent seating)
CityPayoutSponsor(s)Previous name(s)
Cure Bowl[9][10]2015Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
Orlando, FloridaTBDAutoNationNone previous
Christmas Bowl Los Angeles[11][12][13]TBDLos Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles, CaliforniaTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Dubai bowl game[13]TBDTBDDubai, United Arab EmiratesTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Ireland bowl game[13]TBDTBDIrelandTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Little Rock bowl game[13]TBDWar Memorial Stadium
Little Rock, ArkansasTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Toronto bowl game[13]TBDRogers Centre
Toronto, Ontario, CanadaTBDTBDInternational Bowl

Note: The 'Christmas Bowl Los Angeles' would be a partial throwback to the one-time 1924 Los Angeles Christmas Festival Bowl Game.[14]

Two proposed games, the Cure Bowl and Christmas Bowl, were turned down by the NCAA for 2010. There are currently 35 licensed college bowls, which just about maxes out the possible eligible teams (the four-year average of bowl-eligible squads is 71.8).[15] If one of the current games folds or loses its certification, however, the Cure or Christmas Bowls could step in.

In August 2013, the Detroit Lions announced that it would hold a new bowl game at Ford Field beginning in 2014, holding Big Ten and Atlantic Coast Conference tie-ins, despite the existence of the Little Caesars Pizza Bowl[16][17] While Pizza Bowl organizers attempted to move the game to Comerica Park (a baseball stadium across the street from Ford Field), these plans never came to fruition.[7][18] In August 2014, the Lions announced that the new game would be known as the Quick Lane Bowl, and play its inaugural game on December 26, 2014. In a statement to Crain's Detroit Business, Motor City Bowl co-founder Ken Hoffman confirmed that there would be no Little Caesars Pizza Bowl for 2014.[7][8]

In June 2013, reported that the so-called "Group of Five" conferences—the American Athletic Conference, Conference USA, MAC, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference—were considering adding one or more new bowl games once the NCAA's current moratorium on new bowls expires after the 2013 season. This move was driven by a trend for the "Power Five" conferences (ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, and SEC) to play one another in bowl games. The 2013 season, the last of the current four-year bowl cycle, will have 16 bowls that involve two teams from "Power Five" leagues. The 2014 season, the first of a new six-year bowl cycle, will have at least 19, and possibly more, matchups of "Power Five" teams. The "Group of Five" was apparently concerned that this trend would mean that its teams might not have available bowl slots.[13]

According to the report, the aforementioned Christmas Bowl would involve a Mountain West team against an opponent from either the Pac-12 or The American. As for The American, it is seeking to start a bowl game, most likely at Marlins Park in Miami. Two other venues of "Group of Five" schools in Florida—Bright House Networks Stadium (UCF, Orlando) and FAU Stadium (Florida Atlantic, Boca Raton)—are being considered for other potential bowls. A possible bowl in Little Rock would pit C-USA and the Sun Belt. Finally, the director of the current Little Caesars Bowl indicated that he had been in contact with officials from all of the "Group of Five" about starting new bowl games in Ireland (most likely Dublin), Dubai, and either Toronto or Nassau.[13] Recently, though, reports have indicated the proposed games in Ireland and Dubai would be unworkable.[19]

The first new bowl to be confirmed for 2014 was the Camellia Bowl, a game created by ESPN that will be played in Montgomery, Alabama. It will have tie-ins with the MAC and Sun Belt, and the contract for the game will run through the 2019 season. ESPN was also reported to be in negotiations to take over ownership of the existing Heart of Dallas Bowl and establish a new bowl game in Boca Raton.[20]

Another ownership group interested in starting a Montgomery-based bowl at Alabama State's stadium has reportedly switched focus to Charleston, SC. In the face of obstacles related to a NCAA ban on playing postseason games at predetermined locations in South Carolina due to the Confederate battle flag being flown at a civil war monument on the State House grounds, the ownership group instead chose to stage the Medal of Honor Bowl all-star game at Johnson Hagood Stadium beginning in 2014. [21]

Map of bowl games[edit]

Belk Bowl
Military Bowl
Pinstripe Bowl
TaxSlayer Bowl
Citrus Bowl
Russell Athletic Bowl
Boca Raton Bowl
Orange Bowl
Miami Beach Bowl
Bahamas Bowl
St. Petersburg Bowl
Outback Bowl
Quick Lane Bowl
Peach Bowl
Music City Bowl
Liberty Bowl
Birmingham Bowl
Camellia Bowl
New Orleans Bowl
Sugar Bowl
Alamo Bowl
Cotton Bowl
Heart of Dallas
Armed Forces
Sun Bowl
New Mexico Bowl
Fiesta Bowl
Cactus Bowl
Las Vegas Bowl
Famous Idaho Potato Bowl
Foster Farms Bowl
Rose Bowl
Holiday Bowl
Poinsettia Bowl
Hawai'i Bowl

Number of current bowl games by state[edit]

Florida*8Boca Raton, Citrus, Miami Beach, Orange, Outback, Russell Athletic, St. Petersburg, TaxSlayer
Texas*6Alamo, Armed Forces, Cotton Bowl Classic, Heart of Dallas, Texas, Sun
California*4Foster Farms, Holiday, Poinsettia, Rose
Louisiana*3Independence, New Orleans, Sugar
AlabamaBirmingham, Camellia, GoDaddy
Arizona*2Cactus, Fiesta
TennesseeLiberty, Music City
IdahoFamous Idaho Potato
MichiganQuick Lane
NevadaLas Vegas
New MexicoNew Mexico
New YorkPinstripe
North CarolinaBelk

*State also hosts College Football Playoff semifinals in rotation under current CFP format.

Current bowl games played outside the U.S.[edit]


All-Star games[edit]


Regular season rivalries called bowls[edit]

Bowl games played outside of the US[edit]

Non-Division I FBS bowl games[edit]

Division I FCS[edit]

Division II[edit]

Division III[edit]

NAIA bowl games[edit]

There is a large list of bowl games for NAIA available at [24] -- You can help Wikipedia by expanding this section.

Junior College bowl games[edit]

NCCAA bowl games[edit]

Defunct bowl games[edit]

NameSeasons ActiveCityNotes
Alamo Bowl1947San Antonio, TexasNot to be confused with the modern Alamo Bowl
All-American Bowl1977–1990Birmingham, AlabamaKnown as the Hall of Fame Classic through 1985.
Aloha Bowl1982–2000Honolulu, Hawaii
Aviation Bowl1961Dayton, Ohio
Bacardi Bowl1907, 1909, 1911–1912, 1921, 1936, 1946Havana, CubaLast game in 1946, Southern Mississippi defeated Havana University, 55-0
Bluebonnet Bowl1959–1987Houston, TexasKnown as the Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl whenever the game was played in the Astrodome.
Bluegrass Bowl1958Louisville, Kentucky
Boardwalk Bowl1961–1973Atlantic City, New Jersey
Boot Hill Bowl1970–1980Dodge City, Kansas
California Bowl1981–1991Fresno, CaliforniaSuperseded by the Las Vegas Bowl.
Camellia Bowl1948, 1961–1980Lafayette, Louisiana, Sacramento, CaliforniaOne year in Lafayette, 19 in Sacramento
Charity Bowl1937Los Angeles, California
Cherry Bowl1984–1985Pontiac, Michigan
Cigar Bowl1946–1954Tampa, Florida
College All-Star Game1934–1976Chicago, IllinoisPreseason game matching the previous year's NFL champion (Super Bowl Champion starting with the 1967 game) against an all-star squad of the previous year's college seniors
Cosmopolitan Bowl1951Alexandria, Louisiana
Delta Bowl1947–1948Memphis, Tennessee
Dixie Bowl1947–1948Birmingham, Alabama
Dixie Classic1921, 1924, 1933Dallas, Texas
Epson Ivy Bowl1988–1996Japan
Festival of Palms Bowl1932–1933Miami, FloridaWould become the Orange Bowl for the 1934 season[25]
Fort Worth Classic1920Fort Worth, Texas
Freedom Bowl1984–1994Anaheim, California
Garden State Bowl1978–1981East Rutherford, New Jersey
Glasnost BowlNever PlayedMoscow, USSRAn attempt to stage an American college football game in the USSR at the beginning of the 1989 season. The game was named after the policy of glasnost ("openness") introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985. Scheduled for the Dynamo Stadium, the game was similar to the Mirage Bowl, a college football game played annually in Tokyo, Japan, with plans to have it be an annual contest with different participants each year. Organized by Raycom Sports, the game was scheduled between the University of Southern California Trojans and the University of Illinois Fighting Illini to open their regular seasons. Arrangements were made for a network telecast back to the United States, and airplanes were chartered for fans to fly to the Soviet Union. However, due to complications, the game was cancelled and rescheduled for Los Angeles, California as a USC home game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum instead.
Glass Bowl1946–1949Toledo, Ohio
Gotham Bowl1961–1962New York City
Great Lakes Bowl1947Cleveland, Ohio
Gridiron Classic1998–2004Orlando, FloridaRevived in 2006 as a Division I FCS game
Harbor Bowl1946–1948San Diego, California
Haka BowlNever playedAuckland, New ZealandWas to start in 1996, but NCAA revoked certification before first game
Heritage Bowl1991–1999Atlanta, GeorgiaBowl game played between winners of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference and the Southwestern Athletic Conference, the only bowl in what was then Division I-AA.
Houston Bowl2000–2005Houston, TexasCalled the Bowl in 2000-2001
International Bowl2006–2009Toronto, Ontario
Lions Bowl1952Salisbury, North CarolinaClarion Teacher's College defeated East Carolina College 13-6 on December 13, 1952.[26] Game was not an NCAA sanctioned bowl. NCAA member West Chester was the bowl's first choice for a northern team, but West Chester was not allowed to accept and was replaced by Clarion.

In previous years the game was played as the Pythian Bowl.

Little Caesars Pizza Bowl[27]1997-2013Detroit, Michigan

(1997-2001: Pontiac, Michigan)
Also known as the Ford Motor City Bowl and the Motor City Bowl. Was replaced by the Quick Lane Bowl in 2014.
Los Angeles Christmas Festival1924Los Angeles, California
Mercy Bowl1961, 1971Los Angeles, California
Mirage Bowl1976–1993Tokyo, JapanA regular season matchup, originally at Korakuen Stadium, later at Olympic Stadium, and finally at the Tokyo Dome
Missouri-Kansas Bowl1948Kansas City, Missouri
North-South Shrine Game1948–1973Miami, FloridaPost season all star game similar to the East-West Shrine Game
Oahu Bowl1998–2000Honolulu, Hawaii
Oil Bowl1943, 1945–1946Houston, Texas
Orange Blossom Classic1933–1978Miami, FloridaThe name is now used for an occasional regular season game
Oyster Bowl1948–1995Norfolk, VirginiaA regular season game called a "bowl", now a Division III game
Pasadena Bowl1967–1971Pasadena, California
Patriot Bowl2007–2009Cleveland, OhioA regular season game called a "bowl" that featured a team from the Mid-American Conference and (originally) a United States service academy
Pecan Bowl1964–1970Abilene,
Arlington, Texas
First 4 seasons in Abilene, last 2 in Arlington.
Pelican Bowl1972, 1974–1975Durham, North Carolina
New Orleans, Louisiana
First game in Durham, last 2 in New Orleans.
Pineapple Bowl1939–1951Honolulu, Hawaii
Poi Bowl1935–1938Honolulu, Hawaii
Presidential Cup Bowl1950College Park, Maryland
Refrigerator Bowl1948–1956Evansville, Indiana
Raisin Bowl1945–1949Fresno, California
Salad Bowl1947–1951Phoenix, ArizonaPrecursor to current Fiesta Bowl
San Diego East-West Christmas Classic1921–1922San Diego, California
Seattle Bowl2001–2002Seattle, WashingtonContinuation of the Oahu Bowl.
Shrine Bowl1948–1949Little Rock, Arkansas
Silicon Valley Football Classic2000–2004San Jose, California
Sunflower Bowl1982–1986Winfield, Kansas
Tobacco Bowl1935–1941, 1948–1984South Boston, Virginia, Richmond, Virginia
Vulcan Bowl1941–1948, 1951Birmingham, Alabama
Wheat Bowl1995–2006Ellinwood, Kansas, Great Bend, KansasPre-season NAIA bowl[28]


  1. ^ a b "2014-2015 College Football Bowl Game Schedule". 
  2. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  3. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  4. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  5. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  6. ^ Bowl Game at Yankee Stadium
  7. ^ a b c "Little Caesars Pizza Bowl at Ford Field canceled". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Quick Lane Bowl Announced". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "Orlando, Florida :: Be Part of The History :: Be Part of The Game :: Be Part of The Cure". The Cure Bowl. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  10. ^ "Sun Belt, AAC partner with Orlando's new Cure Bowl for 2015". 
  11. ^
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ a b c d e f g McMurphy, Brett (June 11, 2013). "'Group of Five' look to add bowls". Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  14. ^ Keeley, Sean (2010-04-23). "What The Hell Was The Cure Bowl & The Christmas Bowl? - Troy Nunes Is An Absolute Magician". Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  15. ^ "NCAA approves a record 35 bowl games |". 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  16. ^ "Report: Detroit Lions to host bowl game with Big Ten tie-in, Pizza Bowl getting dumped". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Detroit Lions announce agreement with ACC for Bowl Game at Ford Field". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "Little Caesars Pizza Bowl organizers open to playing outside; Detroit Lions bowl interest confirmed". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  19. ^ Fowler, Jimmy (August 13, 2013). "Careful, bowl games: You could be without a team". CBS Sports. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  20. ^ McMurphy, Brett (August 19, 2013). "Bowl created for MAC, Sun Belt". Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  21. ^ Hartsell, Jeff (August 10, 2013). "New effort to bring bowl game to Charleston faces familiar obstacles: Confederate flag, NAACP, NCAA". Charleston Post & Courier. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Mahler, Melissa; Draft Insider (September 5, 2014). "Is the College Football ALL-STAR Game Pecking Order Shifting?". Pro Player Insiders. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  23. ^ - August 24, 2009
  24. ^ "College Division/Minor Bowl Games". Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  25. ^ [2][dead link]
  26. ^ "Clarion Wins, 13-6, in Lions Bowl". The Pittsburgh Press. December 14, 1952. p. 42. 
  27. ^ "Pizza Bowl At Ford Field Is History". CBS Detroit. August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  28. ^ The Nation's Home for NAIA Football

Further reading[edit]