List of college bowl games

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The following is a list of current, defunct, and proposed college football bowl games. Six bowl games are currently part of the College Football Playoff, a selection system that creates bowl matchups involving twelve of the top-ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. There are also a number of other college football postseason invitationals, as well as several all-star games. The number of team-competitive (versus all-star) bowl games increased to 39 in 2014-15, allowing 76 teams to participate, requiring an easing of bowl eligibility rules to include teams with losing seasons to ensure 76 teams are eligible. Community college bowl games are also listed.

College Football Playoff games[edit]

Further information: College Football Playoff
NameSeason StartedVenue
(Permanent Seating)
CityMost Recent
Per Team
Payout[1]
Title Sponsor[2]Previous Name(s)[3]
Rose Bowl1901
(continuous since 1915)
Rose Bowl
(92,542)
Pasadena, California
(1941: Durham, North Carolina*)
$17,000,000Northwestern MutualTournament East-West football game; Rose Bowl, Rose Bowl Game presented by: AT&T^, Sony PlayStation 2^, Citi^, Vizio^
Orange Bowl1934Sun Life Stadium
(75,540)
Miami Gardens, Florida
(1934-1995, 1998: Miami, Florida)
$17,000,000NoneOrange Bowl, FedEx Orange Bowl, Discover Orange Bowl
Sugar Bowl1934Mercedes-Benz Superdome
(73,208)
New Orleans, Louisiana
(2005: Atlanta, Georgia**)
$17,000,000AllstateSugar Bowl, USF&G Sugar Bowl, Nokia Sugar Bowl
Cotton Bowl1936AT&T Stadium
(80,000)
Arlington, Texas
(1937–2009: Dallas, Texas)
$22,000,000AT&TCotton Bowl, Mobil Cotton Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Southwestern Bell Cotton Bowl Classic, SBC Cotton Bowl Classic
Peach Bowl1968Georgia Dome
(71,228)
Atlanta, Georgia$23,000,000Chick-fil-APeach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Bowl
Fiesta Bowl1971University of Phoenix Stadium
(63,400)
Glendale, Arizona
(1971-2005: Tempe, Arizona)
$17,000,000NoneFiesta Bowl, Sunkist Fiesta Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl, Tostitos Fiesta Bowl

^Since the 1998 season, the inaugural season of the BCS system, the Rose Bowl has only had a presenting sponsor after its title. Prior to that year, the Rose Bowl had no sponsor attached to its name.
*One-time move due to World War II travel restrictions after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
**One-time move due to damage to the Superdome from Hurricane Katrina.

Other current bowl games[edit]

Besides the six bowl games a part of the College Football Playoff, there are a number of other postseason invitationals. Generally, two conferences will agree to send teams of a particular standing to a game beforehand. For instance, the Rose Bowl traditionally features the Big Ten and Pac-12 conference champions. Generally, the payout to the participating teams in a Bowl Game is closely correlated to its prestige. By comparison, each of the former BCS bowls (including the national championship game) had a payout of $18 million.

NameSeason StartedVenue
(Permanent Seating)
CityMost Recent
Per Team
Payout[1]
Title Sponsor(s)[4]Previous Name(s)[5]
Sun Bowl1934Sun Bowl Stadium
(51,500)
El Paso, Texas$2,000,000HyundaiSun Bowl, John Hancock Sun Bowl, John Hancock Bowl, Sun Bowl, Norwest Bank Sun Bowl, Norwest Sun Bowl, Wells Fargo Sun Bowl, Vitalis Sun Bowl, Brut Sun Bowl
TaxSlayer Bowl1945EverBank Field
(76,867)
Jacksonville, Florida

(1994: Gainesville, Florida)
$3,500,000TaxSlayerGator Bowl, Mazda Gator Bowl, Outback Gator Bowl, Toyota Gator Bowl, Konica Minolta Gator Bowl, Progressive Gator Bowl, TaxSlayer.com Gator Bowl
Capital One Bowl1946Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
(65,438)
Orlando, Florida

(1973: Gainesville, Florida)
$4,550,000Capital OneTangerine Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, CompUSA Florida Citrus Bowl, Ourhouse.com Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Florida Citrus Bowl
Liberty Bowl1959Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium
(61,008)
Memphis, Tennessee

(1959–1963: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
1964: Atlantic City, New Jersey)
$1,437,500AutoZoneLiberty Bowl, St. Jude Liberty Bowl, AXA Liberty Bowl
Independence Bowl1976Independence Stadium
(53,000)
Shreveport, Louisiana$1,150,000Duck CommanderIndependence Bowl, Poulan Independence Bowl, Poulan Weed Eater Independence Bowl, Sanford Independence Bowl, MainStay Independence Bowl, PetroSun Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Bowl
Holiday Bowl1978Qualcomm Stadium
(70,561)
San Diego, California$2,075,000National UniversityHoliday Bowl, Sea World Holiday Bowl, Thrifty Car Rental Holiday Bowl, Plymouth Holiday Bowl, Culligan Holiday Bowl, Pacific Life Holiday Bowl, Bridgepoint Education Holiday Bowl
Outback Bowl1986Raymond James Stadium
(65,908)
Tampa, Florida$3,500,000OutbackHall of Fame Bowl
Valley of the Sun Bowl1989Sun Devil Stadium
(71,706)
Tempe, Arizona

(1989-99: Tucson, Arizona;
2000-2005: Phoenix, Arizona)
$3,350,000NoneCopper Bowl, Domino's Pizza Copper Bowl, Weiser Lock Copper Bowl, Copper Bowl, Insight.com Bowl, Insight Bowl, Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl
Russell Athletic Bowl1990Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
(65,438)
Orlando, Florida

(1990-2000: Miami Gardens, Florida)
$2,275,000Russell AthleticSunshine Classic, Blockbuster Bowl, Carquest Bowl, MicronPC Bowl, MicronPC.com Bowl, Visit Florida Tangerine Bowl, Mazda Tangerine Bowl, Champs Sports Bowl
Las Vegas Bowl1992Sam Boyd Stadium
(36,800)
Whitney, Nevada$1,100,000Royal PurpleLas Vegas Bowl, EA Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Las Vegas Bowl, Sega Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer PureVision Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer Las Vegas Bowl, MAACO Bowl Las Vegas
Alamo Bowl1993Alamodome
(65,000)
San Antonio, Texas$3,175,000ValeroBuilders Square Alamo Bowl, Sylvania Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard, MasterCard Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl
Little Caesars Pizza Bowl1997Ford Field
(65,000)
Detroit, Michigan

(1997-2001: Pontiac, Michigan)
$750,000Little CaesarsFord Motor City Bowl, Motor City Bowl
Famous Idaho Potato Bowl1997Albertsons Stadium
(37,000)
Boise, Idaho$325,000Idaho Potato CommissionSports Humanitarian Bowl, Humanitarian Bowl, Crucial.com Humanitarian Bowl, MPC Computers Bowl, Roady's Humanitarian Bowl, uDrove Humanitarian Bowl
Music City Bowl1998LP Field
(69,143)
Nashville, Tennessee$1,837,500Franklin American Mortgage CompanyMusic City Bowl, American General Music City Bowl, homepoint.com Music City Bowl, Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl presented by Bridgestone
GoDaddy Bowl1999Ladd Peebles Stadium
(33,471)
Mobile, Alabama$750,000Go DaddyMobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Bowl, GoDaddy.com Bowl
New Orleans Bowl2001Mercedes-Benz Superdome
(73,208)
New Orleans, Louisiana

(2005: Lafayette, Louisiana)
$500,000R+L CarriersNew Orleans Bowl, Wyndham New Orleans Bowl
Fight Hunger Bowl2002Levi's Stadium
(68,500)
Santa Clara, California

(2002-2013: San Francisco, California)
$837,500NoneSan Francisco Bowl, Diamond Walnut San Francisco Bowl, Emerald Bowl, Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl
Hawaii Bowl2002Aloha Stadium
(50,000)
Honolulu, Hawaii$650,000NoneConAgra Foods Hawaiʻi Bowl, Sheraton Hawaiʻi Bowl
Belk Bowl2002Bank of America Stadium
(73,778)
Charlotte, North Carolina$1,700,000BelkQueen City Bowl, Continental Tire Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl
Armed Forces Bowl2003Amon G. Carter Stadium
(45,000)
Fort Worth, Texas

(2010-2011: University Park, Texas)
$600,000Lockheed MartinPlainsCapital Fort Worth Bowl, Fort Worth Bowl, Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl
Poinsettia Bowl2005Qualcomm Stadium
(70,561)
San Diego, California$500,000San Diego County Credit UnionNone previous
Texas Bowl2006NRG Stadium
(71,054)
Houston, Texas$1,700,000AdvoCareTexas Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas, Texas Bowl
Birmingham Bowl2006Legion Field
(71,594)
Birmingham, Alabama$1,000,025 (SEC); $900,000 (AAC)NoneBirmingham Bowl, Papajohns.com Bowl, BBVA Compass Bowl
New Mexico Bowl2006University Stadium
(39,224)
Albuquerque, New Mexico$456,250GildanNew Mexico Bowl
Military Bowl2008Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
(34,000)
Annapolis, Maryland

(2008–2012: Washington, D.C.)
$1,000,000Northrop GrummanCongressional Bowl, EagleBank Bowl, Military Bowl Presented By Northrop Grumman
St. Petersburg Bowl2008Tropicana Field
(42,735)
St. Petersburg, Florida$537,500BitPaySt. Petersburg Bowl, magicJack St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl
Pinstripe Bowl2010Yankee Stadium[6]
(54,251)
Bronx, New York$1,800,000New EraNone previous
Heart of Dallas Bowl2010Cotton Bowl
(92,100)
Dallas, Texas$1,100,000PlainsCapital BankDallas Football Classic, TicketCity Bowl
Bahamas Bowl2014Thomas Robinson Stadium
(15,023)
Nassau, BahamasTBDTBDNone previous
Boca Raton Bowl2014FAU Stadium
(29,419)
Boca Raton, FloridaTBDTBDNone previous
Camellia Bowl2014Cramton Bowl
(25,000)
Montgomery, AlabamaTBDRaycom MediaNone previous
Miami Beach Bowl2014Marlins Park
(36,742)
Miami, FloridaTBDTBDNone previous

Future (proposed) games[edit]

NameYear to startVenue
(permanent seating)
CityPayoutSponsor(s)Previous name(s)
Cure Bowl[7][8]2015Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
(65,438)
Orlando, FloridaTBDTBDNone previous
Christmas Bowl Los Angeles[9][10][11]TBDLos Angeles Memorial Coliseum
(93,607)
Los Angeles, CaliforniaTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Detroit bowl game[12]TBDFord Field
(65,000)
Detroit, MichiganTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Dubai bowl game[11]TBDTBDDubai, United Arab EmiratesTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Ireland bowl game[11]TBDTBDIrelandTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Little Rock bowl game[11]TBDWar Memorial Stadium
(53,000)
Little Rock, ArkansasTBDTBDNone previous
Unnamed Toronto bowl game[11]TBDRogers Centre
(54,000)
Toronto, Ontario, CanadaTBDTBDInternational Bowl

Note: The 'Christmas Bowl Los Angeles' would be a partial throwback to the one-time 1924 Los Angeles Christmas Festival Bowl Game.[13]

Two proposed games, the Cure Bowl and Christmas Bowl, were turned down by the NCAA for 2010. There are currently 35 licensed college bowls, which just about maxes out the possible eligible teams (the four-year average of bowl-eligible squads is 71.8).[14] If one of the current games folds or loses its certification, however, the Cure or Christmas Bowls could step in.

The planned Detroit game, to be operated by the NFL's Detroit Lions, would replace the current Little Caesars Pizza Bowl. The Lions' home of Ford Field, which hosts the current bowl game, would remain as host of the rebooted bowl. The Little Caesars Pizza Bowl has tie-ins with the Big Ten and Mid-American Conferences; however, a Big Ten team has not played in the bowl in most of its editions. The rebooted Detroit bowl would retain its Big Ten affiliation, but would no longer be tied in with the MAC. An ESPN report in May 2013 indicated that the most likely candidate for the second conference tie-in is the ACC.[12]

The BCS has announced that a four-team playoff, to be officially known as the College Football Playoff, will begin in the 2014 season. Teams in the past have been left out of the championship game causing some backlash toward the BCS. The BCS has also stated that it wishes to remove AQ conferences from its bowl games starting with the 2014 season. Over the past couple of years there have been some incidents in which AQ teams surpassed more worthy teams for bowl spots.

In June 2013, ESPN.com reported that the so-called "Group of Five" conferences—the American Athletic Conference, Conference USA, MAC, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference—were considering adding one or more new bowl games once the NCAA's current moratorium on new bowls expires after the 2013 season. This move was driven by a trend for the "Power Five" conferences (ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, and SEC) to play one another in bowl games. The 2013 season, the last of the current four-year bowl cycle, will have 16 bowls that involve two teams from "Power Five" leagues. The 2014 season, the first of a new six-year bowl cycle, will have at least 19, and possibly more, matchups of "Power Five" teams. The "Group of Five" was apparently concerned that this trend would mean that its teams might not have available bowl slots.[11]

According to the report, the aforementioned Christmas Bowl would involve a Mountain West team against an opponent from either the Pac-12 or The American. As for The American, it is seeking to start a bowl game, most likely at Marlins Park in Miami. Two other venues of "Group of Five" schools in Florida—Bright House Networks Stadium (UCF, Orlando) and FAU Stadium (Florida Atlantic, Boca Raton)—are being considered for other potential bowls. A possible bowl in Little Rock would pit C-USA and the Sun Belt. Finally, the director of the current Little Caesars Bowl indicated that he had been in contact with officials from all of the "Group of Five" about starting new bowl games in Ireland (most likely Dublin), Dubai, and either Toronto or Nassau.[11] Recently, though, reports have indicated the proposed games in Ireland and Dubai would be unworkable.[15]

The first new bowl to be confirmed for 2014 was the Camellia Bowl, a game created by ESPN that will be played in Montgomery, Alabama. It will have tie-ins with the MAC and Sun Belt, and the contract for the game will run through the 2019 season. ESPN was also reported to be in negotiations to take over ownership of the existing Heart of Dallas Bowl and establish a new bowl game in Boca Raton.[16]

Another ownership group interested in starting a Montgomery-based bowl at Alabama State's stadium has reportedly switched focus to Charleston, SC. In the face of obstacles related to a NCAA ban on playing postseason games at predetermined locations in South Carolina due to the Confederate battle flag being flown at a civil war monument on the State House grounds, the ownership group instead chose to stage the Medal of Honor Bowl all-star game at Johnson Hagood Stadium beginning in 2014. [17]

Map of Bowl Games[edit]


Number of Current Bowl Games by State[edit]

StateNumberBowls
Florida*8Boca Raton, Capital One, Miami Beach, Orange, Outback, Russell Athletic, St. Petersburg, TaxSlayer
Texas*6Alamo, Armed Forces, Cotton Bowl Classic, Heart of Dallas, Texas, Sun
California*4Fight Hunger, Holiday, Poinsettia, Rose
Louisiana*3Independence, New Orleans, Sugar
AlabamaBirmingham, Camellia, GoDaddy
Arizona*2Buffalo Wild Wings, Fiesta
TennesseeLiberty, Music City
Georgia*1Peach
HawaiiHawai'i
IdahoFamous Idaho Potato
MarylandMilitary
MichiganLittle Caesars Pizza
NevadaLas Vegas
New MexicoNew Mexico
New YorkPinstripe
North CarolinaBelk

*State also hosts College Football Playoff semifinals in rotation under current CFP format.

All-Star games[edit]

Regular season rivalries called bowls[edit]

Games played outside of the US[edit]

Non-Division I FBS bowl games[edit]

Division I FCS[edit]

Division II[edit]

Division III[edit]

Soup Bowl- Greensboro, North Carolina, Started in1994 between cross town rivals Greensboro College and Guilford College

NAIA bowl games[edit]

There is a large list of bowl games for NAIA available at [19] -- You can help Wikipedia by expanding this section.

Junior College bowl games[edit]

NCCAA bowl games[edit]

Defunct bowl games[edit]

NameSeasons ActiveCityNotes
Alamo Bowl1947San Antonio, TexasNot to be confused with the modern Alamo Bowl
All-American Bowl1977–1990Birmingham, Alabama[20]
Aloha Bowl1982–2000Honolulu, Hawaii
Aviation Bowl1961Dayton, Ohio
Bacardi Bowl1907, 1909, 1911–1912, 1921, 1936, 1946Havana, CubaLast game in 1946, Southern Mississippi defeated Havana University, 55-0
Bluebonnet Bowl1959–1987Houston, Texas
Bluegrass Bowl1958Louisville, Kentucky
Boardwalk Bowl1961–1973Atlantic City, New JerseySince 1981, the NCAA Division I FCS Playoff East Regional Championship (National Quarterfinal) is commonly referred to as the Boardwalk Bowl in honor of its College Division heritage.
Boot Hill Bowl1970–1980Dodge City, Kansas
California Bowl1981–1991Fresno, California
Camellia Bowl1948, 1961–1980Lafayette, Louisiana, Sacramento, CaliforniaOne year in Lafayette, 19 in Sacramento; Since 1981, the NCAA Division I FCS Playoff West Regional Championship (National Quarterfinal) is commonly referred to as the Camellia Bowl in honor of its College Division heritage.
Charity Bowl1937Los Angeles, California
Cherry Bowl1984–1985Pontiac, Michigan
Cigar Bowl1946–1954Tampa, Florida
College All-Star Game1934–1976Chicago, IllinoisPreseason game matching the previous year's NFL champion (Super Bowl Champion starting with the 1967 game) against an all-star squad of the previous year's college seniors
Cosmopolitan Bowl1951Alexandria, Louisiana
Delta Bowl1947–1948Memphis, Tennessee
Dixie Bowl1947–1948Birmingham, Alabama
Dixie Classic1921, 1924, 1933Dallas, Texas
Epson Ivy Bowl1988–1996Japan
Festival of Palms Bowl1932–1933Miami, FloridaWould become the Orange Bowl for the 1934 season[21]
Fort Worth Classic1920Fort Worth, Texas
Freedom Bowl1984–1994Anaheim, California
Garden State Bowl1978–1981East Rutherford, New Jersey
Glasnost BowlNever PlayedMoscow, USSRAn attempt to stage an American college football game in the USSR at the beginning of the 1989 season. The game was named after the policy of glasnost ("openness") introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985. Scheduled for the Dynamo Stadium, the game was similar to the Mirage Bowl, a college football game played annually in Tokyo, Japan, with plans to have it be an annual contest with different participants each year. Organized by Raycom Sports, the game was scheduled between the University of Southern California Trojans and the University of Illinois Fighting Illini to open their regular seasons. Arrangements were made for a network telecast back to the United States, and airplanes were chartered for fans to fly to the Soviet Union. However, due to complications, the game was cancelled and rescheduled for Los Angeles, California as a USC home game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum instead.
Glass Bowl1946–1949Toledo, Ohio
Gotham Bowl1961–1962New York City
Great Lakes Bowl1947Cleveland, Ohio
Gridiron Classic1998–2004Orlando, FloridaRevived in 2006 as a Division I FCS game
Harbor Bowl1946–1948San Diego, California
Haka BowlNever playedAuckland, New ZealandWas to start in 1996, but NCAA revoked certification before first game
Heritage Bowl1991–1999Atlanta, Georgia
Houston Bowl2000–2005Houston, TexasCalled the galleryfurniture.com Bowl in 2000-2001
International Bowl2006–2009Toronto, Ontario
Los Angeles Christmas Festival1924Los Angeles, California
Mercy Bowl1961, 1971Los Angeles, California
Mirage Bowl1976–1993Tokyo, JapanA regular season matchup, originally at Korakuen Stadium, later at Olympic Stadium, and finally at the Tokyo Dome
Missouri-Kansas Bowl1948Kansas City, Missouri
North-South Shrine Game1948–1973Miami, FloridaPost season all star game similar to the East-West Shrine Game
Oahu Bowl1998–2000Honolulu, Hawaii
Oil Bowl1943, 1945–1946Houston, Texas
Orange Blossom Classic1933–1978Miami, FloridaThe name is now used for an occasional regular season game
Oyster Bowl1948–1995Norfolk, VirginiaA regular season game called a "bowl", now a Division III game
Pasadena Bowl1967–1971Pasadena, California
Patriot Bowl2007–2009Cleveland, OhioA regular season game called a "bowl" that featured a team from the Mid-American Conference and (originally) a United States service academy
Pecan Bowl1964–1970Abilene,
Arlington, Texas
First 4 seasons in Abilene, last 2 in Arlington. Since 1981, the NCAA Division I FCS Playoff Midwest Regional Championship (National Quarterfinal) is commonly referred to as the Pecan Bowl in honor of its College Division heritage
Pelican Bowl1972, 1974–1975Durham, North Carolina
New Orleans, Louisiana
First game in Durham, last 2 in New Orleans.
Pineapple Bowl1939–1951Honolulu, Hawaii
Poi Bowl1935–1938Honolulu, Hawaii
Presidential Cup Bowl1950College Park, Maryland
Refrigerator Bowl1948–1956Evansville, Indiana
Raisin Bowl1945–1949Fresno, California
Salad Bowl1947–1951Phoenix, ArizonaPrecursor to current Fiesta Bowl
San Diego East-West Christmas Classic1921–1922San Diego, California
Seattle Bowl2001–2002Seattle, Washington
Shrine Bowl1948–1949Little Rock, Arkansas
Silicon Valley Football Classic2000–2004San Jose, California
Sunflower Bowl1982–1986Winfield, Kansas
Tobacco Bowl1935–1941, 1948–1984South Boston, Virginia, Richmond, Virginia
Vulcan Bowl1941–1948, 1951Birmingham, Alabama
Wheat Bowl1995–2006Ellinwood, Kansas, Great Bend, KansasPre-season NAIA bowl[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2012-2013 College Football Bowl Game Schedule". CollegeFooballPoll.com. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  3. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  4. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  5. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  6. ^ Bowl Game at Yankee Stadium
  7. ^ "Orlando, Florida :: Be Part of The History :: Be Part of The Game :: Be Part of The Cure". The Cure Bowl. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  8. ^ "Sun Belt, AAC partner with Orlando's new Cure Bowl for 2015". CBSSports.com. 
  9. ^ http://www.christmasbowl.org/
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g McMurphy, Brett (June 11, 2013). "'Group of Five' look to add bowls". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b McMurphy, Brett (May 21, 2013). "Sources: Ford Field eyed for bowl". ESPN.com. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  13. ^ Keeley, Sean (2010-04-23). "What The Hell Was The Cure Bowl & The Christmas Bowl? - Troy Nunes Is An Absolute Magician". Nunesmagician.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  14. ^ "NCAA approves a record 35 bowl games | UTSanDiego.com". Signonsandiego.com. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  15. ^ Fowler, Jimmy (August 13, 2013). "Careful, bowl games: You could be without a team". CBS Sports. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ McMurphy, Brett (August 19, 2013). "Bowl created for MAC, Sun Belt". ESPN.com. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  17. ^ Hartsell, Jeff (August 10, 2013). "New effort to bring bowl game to Charleston faces familiar obstacles: Confederate flag, NAACP, NCAA". Charleston Post & Courier. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  18. ^ cstv.com - August 24, 2009
  19. ^ "College Division/Minor Bowl Games". Cfbdatawarehouse.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  20. ^ There were two separate games played in Birmingham during this time. The original game, the Hall of Fame Bowl, moved to Tampa, Florida, effective with the 1986 game, and several years later changed its name to the Outback Bowl. A second game known as the All-American Bowl was then organized, and was played from 1986 to 1990.
  21. ^ [2][dead link]
  22. ^ The Nation's Home for NAIA Football

Further reading[edit]