List of collective nouns in English

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A skein of geese

This is a list of Standard English collective nouns. The large number of collective nouns in English is based on a tradition of venery (words for groups of animals) which arose in the Late Middle Ages.

Standard terms for particular groups are listed first in each group and shown in bold.

SubjectCollective NounNotesSources
A
alligatorscongregation[1]
antelopeherd[2][3]
antsarmy[1]
colony[1][2]
nest[1]
swarm[1]
apesshrewdness[3][4][5]
troop[1]
assesherd[1]
drovedriven in a group[1]
pace or passe[1][2]
B
baboonstroop[1][5]
badgerscete[1][2][5][6]
batscolony[2]
bearssleuth or sloth[1][2][5]
beaverscolony[1]
family[1]
beesswarm[5]
drift[5]
erst[5]
grist[2]
birdsflock[5]
dissimulationfanciful[4]
flight[5]
pod[5]
bishopsbench[6]
bitternssedge or sege[2][4][7]
boars (wild boars)sounder12 or more[6]
boysblush[4][5]
buffaloherd[2][5]
bullfinchesbellowing[5]
bullocksdrovedriven in a group[5]
butlersdraught[4]
butterfliesflutter[8]
swarm[9]
buzzardswake[1][2]
C
camelscaravan[1]
flock[1]
train[1]
capercaillietok[10][11]
caponsmews[10]
caribouherd[10]
catsclowder[1][2][10]
cluster or clutter[1][10]
glaring[1][10]
pounce[1][2]
cats (wild cats)destruction[5]
caterpillarsarmy[1]
cattleherd[1][2]
drove[1][2]
chickensbrood[1][5]
clutch[5]
peep[1][5]
choughschattering or clattering[4][5][6][12][13]
cobblersdrunkenship or drunkship[5][6][14]
coltsrag[2][5][6]
rake[5]
cormorantsgulp[1][2]
cookshastiness[4][5]
cootscovert[4][5]
coyotespack[10]
cranesherd[4][5]
sedge or sege[2][7][10]
crocodilesbask[1][2][10]
float[1]
crowsmurder[1][2][5][6]
curlewsherd[4][5][6]
D
deerherd[15]
bunch[15]
mob[15]
parcel[16]
rangale[15]
dogspack[15]
dogfishtroop[15]
dolphinspod[17][18]
school[15]
team[15]
dottereltrip[2][5][15][19]
dovesdole or dulefanciful[2][4][5][15]
flight[1][5][15]
piteousnessfanciful[5][15]
ducksflock[1]
badling[2]
brace[2]
bunchon water[5][15]
paddlingon water[1][2][5][15]
plump[20][21]
rafton water[1][2][5][15]
skeinin flight[15]
sord or sore[15]
stringin flight[15]
teamin flight[2][15]
waddling[15]
dunlinsfling[5]
E
eaglesconvocation[1][2]
eelsbed[1]
swarm[1]
elephantsherd[1][2]
elkgang[5][6]
emusmob[1]
F
ferretsbusinesscorruption over time of 'busyness'[1][2][6]
busyness[4]
fesnyng[3]
finchescharm or chirm[1][2][5]
fishschool[1][2]
shoal[1][2]
flamingoesstand[1][2]
fliesbusiness[1][2]
cloud[1]
swarm[1]
forestersstalk[5][14]
foxesleash[1][2]
skulk[1][2]
frogsarmy[1][2]
G
geeseflockon land[2][22]
gaggleon land[1][2][22]
plumpflying close[22]
skeinin flight[1][2][22]
teamin flight[22]
wedgein flight[22]
giraffesherd[22]
corps[22]
tower[2][22]
gnatscloud[1][2][5][22]
horde[1][2][22]
rabble[22]
swarm[1][22]
goatsflock[22]
herd[22]
tribe[22]
trip or trippe[22]
godspantheonSee Pantheon
goldfinchescharm[22]
goosandersdopping[22]
gorillasband[22]
whoop[22]
goshawksflight[4][22]
grasshopperscloud[2][22]
swarm[22]
grousecovey[5][22]
pack[5][22]
guineafowlrasp[23]
H
haresdown[24]
drove[24]
flick[24]
husk[24]
hawksboiltwo or more spiralling in flight[1][2]
cast[1][2][4][5]
kettleflying in large numbers[1][2]
lease[4]
hartsherd[24]
hedgehogsarray[24]
heronssedge or sege[1][2][4][6][7][24]
siege[1][2][5][24]
hermitsobservance[5][14]
hippopotamusesbloat[1][2][24]
hogsparcelSee also boars, pigs, swine[25][26]
horsesteamin harness[1][2][24]
band[1]
haras or harrase[2][24]
herd[1][24]
stable[1][24]
string[1][2][24]
stud[2][24]
houndspack[24]
cry[24]
hunt[24]
meet[24]
mute[24]
stable[24]
hyenascackle[1][2]
I
ibexherd[27]
ibisescolony[27]
iguanasmess[27]
insectsflight[27]
horde[27]
plague[27]
rabble[27]
swarm[27]
J
jackdawstrain[28]
clattering[29]
jaysband[1]
party[1][2]
scold[1][2]
jellyfishfluther[5]
smack[1][2][5]
K
kangaroosmob[1]
troop[1][2]
L
lapwingsdeceit or desert[2][4][5][6][30]
larksbevy[5]
exaltation[4][5][6]
leopardsleap or lepe[1][2][5]
lionspride[1][2][5]
sawt[5]
M
mackerelshoal[31]
magpiescharm[2]
congregation[31]
gulp[2]
murder[2]
tiding[2][4][5][31]
tittering[31]
mallardbrace[2]
flush[31]
puddling[31]
sord[2][5][31]
suit or sute[5][31]
maresstud[5][6][31]
martensrichesse or richness[2][5][31]
micenest[1][31]
mischief[32]
trip[31]
minnowsshoal[31]
molescompany[31]
labor or labour[1][2][5][31]
monkeysbarrel[1][2]
cartload[31]
tribe[31]
troop[2][5][31]
moorhensplump[31]
mooseherd[1][31]
mosquitoesscourge[31]
mudhensfleet[31]
mulesbarren[1][2][5][6][31]
pack[2][31]
rake[31]
span[1][2][31]
N
nightingaleswatch[4][5]
nunssuperfluity[4][5]
O
owlsparliament[1][2][6]
oxendrove[1]
team[1][2]
yoke[1][2]
P
parrotscompany[1][2]
pandemonium[1]
partridgescovey[2][5]
peacocksmuster[2][5][6]
ostentation[1][2]
pride[1]
pelicanspod[1]
pheasantsbouquet[1][2]
head[5]
nest[2]
nide[2]
nye[1][2][5][6]
pigsdriftSee also boars, hogs, swine[1][2]
drove[1][2]
piperspoverty[14][33]
pigeonskitflying together[5]
ploverscongregation[4][5]
stand[5]
wing[5]
Q
quailbevy[1][2][4][5]
covey[1][2]
drift[5]
R
raccoonsgaze[1]
ravensunkindness[4][5]
rhinocerosescrash[1][2][5]
rooksbuilding[4][5]
parliament[5][6]
S
salmonbind[34]
draught[34]
run[34]
sandpipersfling[34]
sealsherd[34]
pod[34]
club[34]
sheepflock[1][2][34]
down[34]
driftwhen driven in a group[34]
drovewhen driven in a group[2][34]
herd[2][34]
hurtle[1][34]
meinie[34]
mob[1]
parcel[34]
trip[34]
sheldrakedopping[34][35]
snailsescargatoire[34]
rout[34]
walk[34]
snakesbed[1]
den[1]
knot[1]
nest[2]
pit[1]
snipewalk[5][6][34]
whisp or wisp[5][34]
sparrowshost[1][2][4][5][34]
meinie[34]
tribe[34]
spiderscluster or clutter[1][34]
squirrelscolony[34]
dray[1][2]
scurry[1][2]
starlingschattering[1][12][34]
clattering[34]
cloud[34]
congregation[34]
murmuration[1][4][5][6][34]
stoatspack[34]
trip[34]
storksflight[34]
mustering[1][2][34]
phalanxwhen migrating[34]
swallowsflight[1][2][34]
gulp[34]
swansbankon the ground[1][34]
bevy[1][2][34]
drift[34]
eyrar[34]
flight[1]
game[5][34]
herd[1][34]
lamentationfanciful[34]
sownder[34]
team[34]
wedgein flight[1][2][5][34]
whiting[34]
swiftsflock[34]
scream[36]
swinedoyltSee also boars, hogs, pigs[34]
drift[6][34]
trip[34]
T
tealspring[2][4][5]
tigersambush[1]
streak[1][2]
toadsknot[1][2]
nest[1]
trouthover[1][2]
turkeysgang[2]
rafter[1][2]
turtlesbale[1][2]
dole[1]
nest[2]
turtle dovesdole or dule[4]
pitying[2]
U
V
vipersnest[2]
W
walrusesherd[2]
pod[2]
waterfowlbunch[5]
knob[5]
raft[5]
weaselscolony[1]
pack[1]
whalesgam[1][2]
herd[2]
mob[1]
pod[1][2]
wigeonscompany[2][5]
trip[5]
wildfowlbunch[5]
knobfewer than 30[5]
plump[5]
trip[5]
wolvespack[1][2]
rout or routewhen in movement[1][2]
woodcocksfall[2][4][5]
woodpeckersdescent[1][2][5]
wrensherd[4][5]
X
Y
Z
zebrasherd[1][37]
cohort[37]
zeal[1][37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg "Animal group names". Zoological Society of San Diego. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr "Animal Congregations, or What Do You Call a Group of.....?". U.S. Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  3. ^ a b c Pepper, Elizabeth (2003). Witches all (Revised, Illustrated ed.). Tiverton, Rhode Island: Witches' Almanac Limited. p. 41. ISBN 9781881098263. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Berners, Dame Juliana (1881 reproduction) [First published 1486]. The Boke of Saint Albans. Introduction by William Blades. London: Elliot Stock. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq "What do you call a group of ...?". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Schott, Ben (2002). Schott's Original Miscellany. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 0-7475-6320-9. 
  7. ^ a b c Definition of Sege by the Free Online Dictionary
  8. ^ http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/bugs/monarch-butterfly/
  9. ^ http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "AskOxford: C". Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  11. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Capercaillie
  12. ^ a b Definition of Chattering by the Free Online Dictionary
  13. ^ Definition of Clattering by the Free Online Dictionary
  14. ^ a b c d The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England p. 19 (Methuen & Co., 1801).
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "AskOxford: D". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  16. ^ Full text of "Days of deer-stalking in the Scottish Highlands; including an account of the nature and habits of the red deer, a description of the Scottish forests, and histor...
  17. ^ "Battle to save NY pod of dolphins". BBC News. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  18. ^ A Pod of Dolphins - NASA Mars Collection
  19. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Dotterel
  20. ^ http://dictionary.infoplease.com/plump
  21. ^ Plump[4] - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "AskOxford: G". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  23. ^ Lynn-Allen, Lieut.-Colonel B. G. (1951). Shot-gun and Sunlight - The Game Birds of East Africa. London: Batchworth Press. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "AskOxford: H". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  25. ^ Avery Craven (1957). The coming of the Civil War. University of Chicago Press. p. 30. ISBN 0-226-11894-0. 
  26. ^ Schoultz, Lars (1998). Beneath the United States. Harvard University Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-674-92276-X. "They are lazy, dirty, nasty, and in short I can compare them to nothing but a parcel of hogs. (John Quincy Adams, age 12)" 
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  28. ^ White, Gilbert (1833). The Natural History of Selborne. London, United Kingdom: N. Hailes. p. 163. 
  29. ^ Skull, Amanda. "Bird Watch - Jackdaw". Bird Watch. British Trust for Ornithology. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  30. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Lapwing
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  32. ^ http://www.bluecross.org.uk/2000-109789/a-mischief-of-mice-found-starved-in-abandoned-pet-shop-need-new-homes.html
  33. ^ Jonson, Ben; Gifford, William (2004). The Works of Ben Jonson with Notes, Critical and Explanatory and a Biographical Memoir Part Three. Kessinger Publishing. p. 152. ISBN 1-4179-4469-2. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb "AskOxford: S". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  35. ^ Definition of Dopping by the Free Online Dictionary
  36. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Swift
  37. ^ a b c "AskOxford: Z". Retrieved 2010-06-22.