List of collective nouns in English

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A skein of geese

This is a list of collective nouns in English.

It includes, though not exclusively, a large number of collective nouns in the tradition of terms of venery (with venery as an ancient word for hunting), that arose in the Late Middle Ages at least partly from the Book of Saint Albans of 1486. Although originally considered whimsical and humorous, many of these terms have become part of the modern-day lexicon.

Standard terms for particular groups are listed first in each group and shown in bold.

SubjectCollective nounNotesSources
A
alligatorscongregation[1]
antelopesherd[2][3]
antsarmy[1]
colony[1][2]
nest[1]
swarm[1]
apesshrewdness[3][4][5]
troop[1]
assesherd[1]
drovedriven in a group[1]
pace or passe[1][2]
B
baboonstroop[1][5]
badgerscete[1][2][5][6]
batscolony[2]
bearssleuth or sloth[1][2][5]
beaverscolony[1]
family[1]
beesswarm[5]
drift[5]
erst[5]
grist[2]
birdsflock[5]
dissimulationfanciful[4]
flight[5]
pod[5]
bitternssedge or sege[2][4][7]
boars (wild boars)sounder12 or more[6]
boysblush[4][5]
buffaloherd[2][5]
bullfinchesbellowing[5]
bullocksdrovedriven in a group[5]
butlersdraught[4]
butterfliesflutter[8]
swarm[9]
buzzardswake[1][2]
C
camelscaravan[1]
flock[1]
train[1]
capercaillietok[10][11]
caponsmews[10]
caribouherd[10]
catsclowder[1][2][10]
cluster or clutter[1][10]
glaring[1][10]
pounce[1][2]
cats (wild cats)destruction[5]
caterpillarsarmy[1]
cattleherd[1][2]
drove[1][2]
chickensbrood[1][5]
clutch[5]
peep[1][5]
choughschattering or clattering[4][5][6][12][13]
cobblersdrunkenship or drunkship[5][6][14]
cockroachesintrusion[1]
coltsrag[2][5][6]
rake[5]
cormorantsgulp[1][2]
cookshastiness[4][5]
cootscovert[4][5]
coyotespack[10]
cranesherd[4][5]
sedge or sege[2][7][10]
crocodilesbask[1][2][10]
float[1]
crowsmurder[1][2][5][6]
curlewsherd[4][5][6]
D
deerherd[15]
bunch[15]
mob[15]
parcel[16]
rangale[15]
dogspack[15]
dogfishtroop[15]
dolphinspod[17][18]
school[15]
team[15]
dottereltrip[2][5][15][19]
dovesdole or dulefanciful[2][4][5][15]
flight[1][5][15]
piteousnessfanciful[5][15]
ducksflock[1]
badling[2]
bunchon water[5][15]
paddlingon water[1][2][5][15]
plump[20][21]
rafton water[1][2][5][15]
skeinin flight[15]
sord or sore[15]
stringin flight[15]
teamin flight[2][15]
waddling[15]
dunlinsfling[5]
E
eaglesconvocation[1][2]
eelsbed[1]
swarm[1]
elephantsherd[1][2]
memory[1]
elkgang[1][5][6]
herd[1][5]
emusmob[1]
F
ferretsbusinesscorruption over time of 'busyness'[1][2][6]
busyness[4]
fesnyng[3]
finchescharm or chirm[1][2][5]
fishschool[1][2]
shoal[1][2]
flamingoesstand[1][2]
fliesbusiness[1][2]
cloud[1]
swarm[1]
forestersstalk[5][14]
foxesleash[1][2]
skulk[1][2]
frogsarmy[1][2]
G
geeseflockon land[2][22]
gaggleon land[1][2][22]
plumpflying close[22]
skeinin flight[1][2][22]
teamin flight[22]
wedgein flight[22]
giraffesherd[22]
corps[22]
tower[2][22]
gnatscloud[1][2][5][22]
horde[1][2][22]
rabble[22]
swarm[1][22]
goatsflock[22]
herd[22]
tribe[22]
trip or trippe[22]
goldfinchescharm[22]
goosandersdopping[22]
gorillasband[22]
whoop[22]
goshawksflight[4][22]
grasshopperscloud[2][22]
swarm[22]
grousecovey[5][22]
pack[5][22]
guineafowlrasp[23]
H
haresdown[24]
drove[24]
flick[24]
husk[24]
hawksboiltwo or more spiralling in flight[1][2]
cast[1][2][4][5]
kettleflying in large numbers[1][2]
lease[4]
hartsherd[24]
hedgehogsarray[24]
heronssedge or sege[1][2][4][6][7][24]
siege[1][2][5][24]
hermitsobservance[5][14]
hippopotamusesbloat[1][2][24]
hogsparcelSee also boars, pigs, swine[25][26]
horsesteamin harness[1][2][24]
band[1]
haras or harrase[2][24]
herd[1][24]
stable[1][24]
string[1][2][24]
stud[2][24]
houndspack[24]
cry[24]
hunt[24]
meet[24]
mute[24]
stable[24]
hyenascackle[1][2]
I
ibexherd[27]
ibisescolony[27]
iguanasmess[27]
insectsflight[27]
horde[27]
plague[27]
rabble[27]
swarm[27]
J
jackdawstrain[28]
clattering[29]
jaysband[1]
party[1][2]
scold[1][2]
jellyfishfluther[5]
smack[1][2][5]
K
kangaroosmob[1]
troop[1][2]
kittenskindle[5]
L
lapwingsdeceit or desert[2][4][5][6][30]
larksbevy[5]
exaltation[4][5][6]
leopardsleap or lepe[1][2][5]
lionspride[1][2][5]
sawt[5]
M
mackerelshoal[31]
magpiescharm[2]
congregation[31]
gulp[2]
murder[2]
tiding[2][4][5][31]
tittering[31]
mallardsflush[31]
puddling[31]
sord[2][5][31]
suit or sute[5][31]
maresstud[5][6][31]
martensrichesse or richness[2][5][31]
micenest[1][31]
mischief[32]
trip[31]
minnowsshoal[31]
molescompany[31]
labor or labour[1][2][5][31]
monkeysbarrel[1][2]
cartload[31]
tribe[31]
troop[2][5][31]
moorhensplump[31]
mooseherd[1][31]
mosquitoesscourge[31]
mudhensfleet[31]
mulesbarren[1][2][5][6][31]
pack[2][31]
rake[31]
span[1][2][31]
N
nightingaleswatch[4][5]
nunssuperfluity[4][5]
O
owlsparliament[1][2][6]
oxendrove[1]
team[1][2]
yoke[1][2]
P
parrotscompany[1][2]
pandemonium[1]
partridgescovey[2][5]
peacocksmuster[2][5][6]
ostentation[1][2]
pride[1]
pelicanspod[1]
pheasantsbouquet[1][2]
head[5]
nest[2]
nide[2]
nye[1][2][5][6]
pigsdriftSee also boars, hogs, swine[1][2]
drove[1][2]
piperspoverty[14][33]
pigeonskitflying together[5]
ploverscongregation[4][5]
stand[5]
wing[5]
Q
quailbevy[1][2][4][5]
covey[1][2]
drift[5]
R
raccoonsgaze[1]
ravensunkindness[4][5]
rhinocerosescrash[1][2][5]
rooksbuilding[4][5]
parliament[5][6]
S
salmonbind[34]
draught[34]
run[34]
sandpipersfling[34]
sealsherd[34]
pod[34]
rookery[34]
sea urchinsherd[35][36]
sheepflock[1][2][34]
down[34]
driftwhen driven in a group[34]
drovewhen driven in a group[2][34]
herd[2][34]
hurtle[1][34]
meinie[34]
mob[1]
parcel[34]
trip[34]
sheldrakedopping[34][37]
snailsescargatoire[34]
rout[34]
walk[34]
snakesbed[1]
den[1]
knot[1]
nest[2]
pit[1]
snipeswalk[5][6][34]
whisp or wisp[5][34]
sparrowshost[1][2][4][5][34]
meinie[34]
tribe[34]
spiderscluster or clutter[1][34]
squirrelscolony[34]
dray[1][2]
scurry[1][2]
starlingschattering[1][12][34]
clattering[34]
cloud[34]
congregation[34]
murmuration[1][4][5][6][34]
stoatspack[34]
trip[34]
storksflight[34]
mustering[1][2][34]
phalanxwhen migrating[34]
swallowsflight[1][2][34]
gulp[34]
swansbankon the ground[1][34]
bevy[1][2][34]
drift[34]
eyrar[34]
flight[1]
game[5][34]
herd[1][34]
lamentationfanciful[34]
sownder[34]
team[34]
wedgein flight[1][2][5][34]
whiting[34]
swiftsflock[34]
scream[38]
swinedoyltSee also boars, hogs, pigs[34]
drift[6][34]
trip[34]
T
tealspring[2][4][5]
tigersambush[1]
streak[1][2]
toadsknot[1][2]
nest[1]
trouthover[1][2]
turkeysgang[2]
rafter[1][2]
turtlesbale[1][2]
dole[1]
nest[2]
turtle dovesdole or dule[4]
pitying[2]
U
V
vipersnest[2]
W
walrusesherd[2]
pod[2]
waterfowlbunch[5]
knob[5]
raft[5]
weaselscolony[1]
pack[1]
whalesgam[1][2]
herd[2]
mob[1]
pod[1][2]
wigeonscompany[2][5]
trip[5]
wildfowlbunch[5]
knobfewer than 30[5]
plump[5]
trip[5]
wolvespack[1][2]
rout or routewhen in movement[1][2]
wombatswisdom[39]
woodcocksfall[2][4][5]
woodpeckersdescent[1][2][5]
wrensherd[4][5]
X
Y
Z
zebrasherd[1][40]
cohort[40]
dazzle[41]
zeal[1][40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp "Animal Congregations, or What Do You Call a Group of.....?". U.S. Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
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  8. ^ http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/bugs/monarch-butterfly/
  9. ^ http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/
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  11. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Capercaillie
  12. ^ a b Definition of Chattering by the Free Online Dictionary
  13. ^ Definition of Clattering by the Free Online Dictionary
  14. ^ a b c d The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England p. 19 (Methuen & Co., 1801).
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  16. ^ Full text of "Days of deer-stalking in the Scottish Highlands; including an account of the nature and habits of the red deer, a description of the Scottish forests, and histor...
  17. ^ "Battle to save NY pod of dolphins". BBC News. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  18. ^ A Pod of Dolphins - NASA Mars Collection
  19. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Dotterel
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  21. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plump%5B4%5D Plump[4] - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary]
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  30. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Lapwing
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  38. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Swift
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