List of cities proper by population

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This article lists the most populous cities in the world defined according to a concept of city proper. A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognized urban status that is usually characterized by some form of local government.[1][2][3] City proper may not include suburbs.[4]

"World Urbanization Prospects", a UN publication, defines population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city." The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."[4] This definition does not give an accurate picture of the urban area or metropolitan area of cities. Using This strictly administrative definition, many cities will be included on this list that are smaller than their urban area. For example, many cities in China will be included since they govern territory that extends well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural sometimes including other smaller urban areas. Many cities will also be excluded, including cities in Australia that lack any central administrative government.

The goal is to provide populations that can be compared reasonably and informatively using boundaries that generally correspond to municipalities. Approximate surface area and population density are also indicated. The list only includes cities with a population of 3 million and above.

Cities proper by population[edit]

RankCityImagePopulationDefinitionTotal Area (km²)Population density (/km²)Country
1ShanghaiShanghai - Pudong - Lujiazui.jpg24,150,000[5]Direct-controlled Municipality[6][7]6,340.53,809 China
2BeijingView of Beijing.jpg21,150,000[8]Direct-controlled Municipality[9]16,410.541,289 China
3KarachiKarachiskyline.jpg19,500,000[10]City District Government[11]3,5276,663 Pakistan
4DelhiSkyscrapers connaught place New Delhi.JPG17,838,842[12]National Capital Region[13]1,484.0[14]12,020.8 India
5LagosLagos Island.jpg17,060,307[15][16]Metropolitan city[17][18]999.58[19]17,068 Nigeria
6IstanbulHalic.png14,160,467[20]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[21]2,189.79[22]6,467 Turkey
7GuangzhouPearl River Night Cruise.jpg12,700,800[23]Sub-Provincial City[24]3,843.433,305 China
8MumbaiMumbai skyline88907.jpg12,655,220[12]Municipal Corporation[25]603.420,973.2 India
9MoscowMIBC 12th June 2014.jpg12,111,194[26]Federal City[27][28]2,510.12[29]4,825 Russia
10DhakaDhaka-Bangladesh.jpg12,043,977[30]City Corporation[31]302.92[32][33]39,760 Bangladesh
11CairoKairo 001.jpg11,922,949[34]Governorate[35]3,085.1[36]3,864 Egypt
12São PauloSão Paulo city (Bela Vista).jpg11,895,893[37]Municipality City[38]1,521.117,762.3 Brazil
13LahoreKalma Underpass1.jpg11,318,745[39]City District1,772[39]3,566 Pakistan
14ShenzhenShenzhen night street.JPG10,467,400[40]Sub-Provincial City1,991.64[41]5,255 China
15SeoulSeoul dusk2.jpg10,388,055[42]Special City605.21[43]17,164 South Korea
16BangaloreUB City.jpg10,178,146[12]Municipal Corporation709.5[44]11,876 India
17JakartaJakarta Car Free Day.jpg9,988,329[45]Capital Region - Five Kota[46]664.1215,040 Indonesia
18KinshasaKinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG9,735,000[47][48][full citation needed]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[49]1,117.62[50]8,710 Democratic Republic of the Congo
19Tianjin天津南京路滨江道交口.jpg9,341,844[51]Direct-controlled Municipality[52]4,037[53]2,314 China
20TokyoSkyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg9,071,577[54]23 Special Wards (tokubetsu-ku)622.99[55]14,562 Japan
21Mexico,874,724[56]Federal District1,485.49[57]5,974 Mexico
22HyderabadHydabada.jpg8,746,490[12]Municipal Corporation621.48[58]10,958 India
23LimaLima Plaza Mayor1 cropped.jpg8,693,387[59]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[60]2,672.33,253 Peru
24LondonCanary Wharf Skyline 2, London UK - Oct 2012.jpg8,416,535[61]Greater London Authority[62]1,572.155,354 United Kingdom
25New York CityLowerManhattanSept2013.png8,405,837[63]Five Boroughs[64]783.8410,724 United States
26BangkokThe Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand.jpg8,280,925[65]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[66]1,568.745,280 Thailand
27PuneAmonoraTownCentre.jpg8,242,142[12]Municipal Corporation450.696,913 India
28DongguanDongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg8,220,207[67]Sub-Provincial City2,469.43,329 China
29TehranTehran tower view.jpg8,154,051[68]City Municipality[69]686[70]11,886 Iran
30BogotáCentro-Internacional-Bogotá.jpg7,776,845[71]Capital District[72]859.11[73][74]9,052 Colombia
31Ho Chi Minh CityMột khúc sông Sài Gòn.JPG7,681,700[75]Metropolitan Municipality-Province2,095.6[76]3,667 Vietnam
32Hong KongHong Kong view from The Peak 01.jpg7,219,700[77]Special Administrative Region1,104.43[78]6,537 China
33BaghdadHaifa street, as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres.jpg7,180,889[79]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[80]4,555[81]1,577 Iraq
34WuhanWuchang-Uprising-Memorial-Square-0127.jpg6,886,253[82]Sub-Provincial City[83]1,327.61[84]5,187 China
35HanoiHanoi Cityscape.jpg6,844,100[75]Metropolitan Municipality-Province3,323.6[76]2,059 Vietnam
36Rio de JaneiroVista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg6,429,923[37]Municipality City1,200.27[85]5,357 Brazil
37FoshanDowntown of Guicheng.jpg6,151,622[86][87]Sub-Provincial City2,034.62[88]3,023 China
38SantiagoSantiago de Chile.jpg5,743,719[89]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[90]1,249.94,595 Chile
39RiyadhRiyadh 1337.jpg5,676,621[91]Municipality City[92]1,233.98[93]4,600 Saudi Arabia
40AhmedabadAmdavad Aerial.jpg5,570,585[12]Municipal Corporation47511,727 India
41SingaporeSingapore CBD skyline from Esplanade at dusk.jpg5,399,200[94]City State712.47,579 Singapore
42ShantouChina-shantou03.jpg5,391,028[95]Sub-Provincial City2,064.422,611 China
43LuandaMarginal Avenida 4 de Fevreiro Luanda March 2013 05 (cropped).JPG5,278,800[96]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[97]2,180.29[98]2,421 Angola
44Saint PetersburgPetersburg-square.jpg5,131,967[99]Federal City1,439[29]3,566 Russia
45ChennaiSouthern Railway HQ.jpg4,792,949[100]Municipal Corporation[101]426.51[102]21,057 India
46AbidjanPlateau Centre-est.jpg4,765,000[47]Department/City District2,119[103]2,249 Ivory Coast
47ChengduTianfusquare.jpg4,741,929[104]Sub-Provincial City421[104]11,260 China
48YangonDowntown Yangon (2006).jpg4,714,000[105]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[106]598.75[107]7,873 Burma
49AlexandriaFlickr - Daveness 98 - Is this really Africa.jpg4,616,625[34]Governorate2,300[108][109]2,007 Egypt
50ChongqingChongqing Night Yuzhong.jpg4,513,137[110]Direct-controlled Municipality[111]1,435.073,145 China
51KolkataVictoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata.jpg4,486,679[12]Municipal Corporation200.724,252 India
52Xi'anXi'an erhuan southeast.JPG4,467,837[112]Sub-Provincial City[113]832.175,388 China
53SuratGauravPath1.jpg4,462,002[12]Municipal Corporation326.515[114]13,666 India
54JohannesburgJohannesburg CBD.jpg4,434,827[115]Municipality City1,644.982,696 South Africa
55Nanjing紫峰大厦.jpeg4,393,857[116]Sub-Provincial City742.855,915 China
56Dar es SalaamDar es Salaam aerial.jpg4,364,541[117]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[118]1,631.12[119]2,676 Tanzania
57AnkaraAnkara and mosque wza.jpg4,360,438[120]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[121]1,910.922,282 Turkey
58SuzhouChina Suzhou Jinjihu Lake.jpg4,327,066[122]Sub-Provincial City[123]1,649.72[124]2,526 China
59HarbinTower at Harbin Ice and Snow Festival 2012.jpg4,280,701[125][126]Sub-Provincial City1,718.2[127]2,491.4 China
60GizaEgipt 383.jpg4,239,988[128]Governorate[129]289.0814,667 Egypt
61ZhengzhouHnyszx.png4,122,087[130]Sub-Provincial City[131]1,015.664,059 China
62New Taipei CityRoctpchall.jpg3,954,929[132]Special Municipality2,052.57[133]1,927 Republic of China (Taiwan)
63Los AngelesLA Skyline Mountains2.jpg3,884,307[63]Municipality City[134]1,213.853,178 United States
64Cape TownCentral Cape Town.jpg3,740,026[115]Municipality City2,444.971,530 South Africa
65ShenyangShenyang Zentrum.jpg3,717,098[135]Sub-Provincial City16622,392 China
66YokohamaMinato Mirai In Blue.jpg3,680,267[136]Municipality City437.388,414 Japan
67BusanAugust Afternoon in Haeundae 2.jpg3,590,101[137]Municipality City766.12[137]4,686 South Korea
68HangzhouHangzhou-yellow-dragon-stad.jpg3,560,391[138]Sub-Provincial City728.19[138]4,889 China
69XiamenBuddhism library.jpg3,531,347[139]Sub-Provincial City1,6992,078 China
70QuanzhouLingshan Islamic Cemetery - city view - DSCF8486.JPG3,520,846[140]Sub-Provincial City1,0623,315 China
71BerlinPotsdamerPlatz Vogelperspektive 2004 1.jpg3,517,424[141]City State891.753,944 Germany
72JeddahJeddeh4.jpg3,456,259[142]Municipality City1,765[143]1,958 Saudi Arabia
73DurbanVWestDurban.jpg3,442,361[115]Municipality City2,291.311,502 South Africa
74KabulKhair Khana in 2012.jpg3,414,100[144]Municipality City27512,415 Afghanistan
75JaipurDSCN1444.JPG3,355,070[12]Municipal Corporation4856,337 India
76HefeiHefei-yejing1.jpg3,352,076[145]Sub-Provincial City[146]838.523,998 China
77Pyongyang0322 Pyongyang Turm der Juche Idee Aussicht.jpg3,255,388[147]Direct-controlled Municipality2,113[148]1,541 North Korea
78MadridGran Vía (Madrid) 1.jpg3,207,247[149]Municipality City605.775,294 Spain
79EkurhuleniGermiston CBD.jpg3,178,470[115]Municipality City1,975.311,609 South Africa
80NairobiNBO5.jpg3,138,369[150]Capital District694.94,516 Kenya
81Addis AbabaAerials Ethiopia 2009-08-27 15-26-13.JPG3,103,673[151]Metropolitan Municipality-Province[152]526.995,889 Ethiopia
82ChangshaThe Huángxīng Lù Commercial Pedestrian Street in Changsha.jpg3,093,980Sub-Provincial City[153]9693,193 China
83WenzhouShopping street in Wenzhou.jpg3,039,439[154]Sub-Provincial City[155]1,187.882,559 China

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision Population Database". Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  2. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  3. ^ Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations. 2008. p. 756. ISBN 92-1-051099-2. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  4. ^ a b World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. ISBN 92-1-151396-0. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  5. ^ Shanghai's permanent population exceeds 24 million
  6. ^ "CHINA: Administrative Division of Shanghai (上海市)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  7. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Huangpu, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou and Yangpu considered "core districts"-the older part (Puxi) + Inner suburbs (districts): Jiading, Baoshan, Minhang and Pudong New Area.
  8. ^ "北京市2012年国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Beijing Statistics Bureau. 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  9. ^ Beijing is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is divided into 14 districts and 2 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Dongcheng and Xicheng considered "core districts" - the older part + Inner suburbs (districts): Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai and Shijingshan.
  10. ^ "Population explosion: Put an embargo on industrialisation in Karachi". 2 6 October 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "Town/District Maps". Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC). 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011". Census of India. Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
  13. ^ The National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCR) is divided into eleven revenue districts, but only 30% - City proper (urban).
  14. ^ Delhi
  15. ^ "Local Government Lagos - Population (2006)". Lagos Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  16. ^ Nigerian Muse: "Errors, Miscalculations, Omissions in Lagos Census Figures" Table 7
  17. ^ "NIGERIA: Metro Lagos". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  18. ^ The Lagos State is made up of 20 districts (3568 square kilometers). The Metropolitan Lagos (City proper) is made up of 16 districts: Agege; Ajeromi-Ifelodun; Alimosho; Amuwo-Odofin; Apapa; Eti-Osa; Ifako-Ijaye; Ikeja; Kosofe; Lagos Island; Lagos Mainland; Mushin; Ojo; Oshodi-Isolo; Shomolu; Surulere (1171 square kilometres).
  19. ^ The surface of the Metropolitan Lagos is 1171 square kilometres, but 171 square kilometres is water (lagoon).
  20. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2013". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  21. ^ The city, considered capital of Istanbul Province, is administered by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), which oversees the thirty-nine districts of the city-province (thirty-six urban districts and three rural districts).
  22. ^ According to the new Metropolitan Municipal Law (No.5216/2004-5), Jurisdiction of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), the city area is 5343.02 square kilometers. Districts: Çatalca, Silivri and Şile (total area 3153.23 square kilometers) are almost entirely rural.
  23. ^ "广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". China National Census. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  24. ^ Guangzhou City is a sub-provincial city and it is divided into 10 districts and 2 County-level cities. Guangzhou is further divided into 131 Subdistricts and 38 Towns. The city proper (districtes): Yuexiu, Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, Huangpu, Panyu, Huadu and Industrial Districts - Nansha, Luogang.
  25. ^ Mumbai City consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district (Island City) and Mumbai Suburban district (Western Suburban and Eastern Suburban), grouped into 24 wards, under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
  26. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow". Retrieved 2014. 
  27. ^ "Территориальное устройство". Moscow City Government. 
  28. ^ The federal city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs, which are in turn subdivided into districts (raions).
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  30. ^ "BANGLADESH: Dhaka (Census 2011)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  31. ^ Dhaka City Corporation was established as the Dhaka Municipality on August 1, 1864. The Awami League government on 29 November 2011 dissolved the Dhaka City Corporation by the Local Government (City Corporation) Amendment Bill 2011 passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh after being placed in the Parliament on November 23. The city corporation will be split into two corporations, North and South. The municipal area of Dhaka city is under the jurisdiction of the Dhaka City Corporation (North - South) and the municipal area is divided into 92 wards.
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  33. ^ The Dhaka City Corporation (North-South) not included the cities: Keraniganj, Gāzipur, Sābhār, Rupganj, Narayanganj.
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  35. ^ In April 2011, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf abolished the Helwan Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Cairo Governorate. The total area of the governorate is 3085.1 square kilometers, the city area is 453 square kilometers, but the Egyptian government considered the Cairo Governorate is that a whole city and all statistics relate to the "governorate".
  36. ^ EGYPT: Cairo
  37. ^ a b "2014 Brazilian Cities Population Estimates" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved October 02, 2014. 
  38. ^ Administratively, the Municipality of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures, each in turn divided into 96 districts. Locally, districts may contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). The city of São Paulo recognizes ten geographical areas used to reference locations in the city.
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  43. ^ "Seoul Statistics (Land Area)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 2012. 
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  46. ^ INDONESIA: Administrative Division
  47. ^ a b "Demographia World Urban Areas (2014)". Demographia. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  48. ^ "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse."(2013)". Ville de Kinshasa. 
  49. ^ The province of Kinshasa is divided into twenty-four districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kinshasa. But the districts (communes) of Maluku and Nsele (N'Sele) are rural and not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Kinshasa is generally considered to be formed by twenty-two "communes".
  50. ^ According to the Constitution of Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province of Kinshasa covers 9965.21 km2. Maluku and N'Sele (total area 8847.59 km2) are entirely rural, with a very very low density.
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  52. ^ Based on the districts of Heping, Hexi, Hebei, Nankai, Hedong, Hongqiao, Jinnan, Dongli, Xiqing, Beichen and Binhai New Area, considered "core districts". Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished. Binhai is part of the Bohai Economic Rim and is expected to become another asset to regional development, following the rise of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone and Shanghai Pudong New Area. It is a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of the PRC, meaning experimental reforms are taking place here.
  53. ^ "CHINA: Administrative Division of Tianjin (天津市)". 
  54. ^ "「東京都の人口(推計)」の概要(平成26年2月1日現在) (2014)". Tokyo Metropolitan Government (JPN). Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
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  58. ^ "Greater Hyderabad Municipal corporation 2010". GHMC. Retrieved 12-04-2010. 
  59. ^ "PERU: Lima population". La Republica. 
  60. ^ The province of Lima is divided into forty three "districts of Lima" which are administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima.
  61. ^ Annual Mid-year Population Estimates, 2013. Office for National Statistics (2014-06-26). Retrieved 2014-06-26.
  62. ^ The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough councils and the City of London Corporation.
  63. ^ a b "Census Estimates (2013)". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  64. ^ New York City is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island
  65. ^ "Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010". Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 September 2012. 
  66. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
  67. ^ "China - Guangdong Province (2010)". GeoHive. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  68. ^ "IRAN: Tehran City (Census 2011)". CITY POPULATION.DE. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  69. ^ TEHRAN: Administrative Districts
  70. ^ "About Teheran". Tehran Municipality. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  71. ^ "Estimaciones y proyecciones de hogares y viviendas". DANE (2014). 
  72. ^ The Capital District of Bogotá is divided into twenty districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Bogotá.
  73. ^ "Límites". Bogota Government Corporation. 
  74. ^ The district of Sumapaz is completely rural (no city services) and is not part of the city proper. The area was an important pilgrimage arheoligic site for the Muisca indigenous peoples in pre-Columbian times and for visiting the Sumapaz National Park. The district of Sumapaz represents 0.1% of the population (48% "area") of Bogotá Municipality.
  75. ^ a b "Average population by province". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam. Retrieved 2012. 
  76. ^ a b "Area, population and population density in 2012 by province". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam. 
  77. ^ "Year-end population for 2013". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  78. ^ "Hong Kong Geographic". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  79. ^ "Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009)". Central Statistical Government of Iraq. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  80. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  81. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district - province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  82. ^ "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (Main Data from Wuhan 2010 Census)". Wuhan Statistics Bureau. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  83. ^ The sub-provincial city of Wuhan has direct jurisdiction over 13 districts (eight urban/five rural). The city proper (urban) based on the districts of Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang and Qingshan considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Hongshan, Dongxihu.
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  85. ^ Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (2013)
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  87. ^ Districts of Changcheng, Nanhai, Shunde; see Foshan#Administration
  88. ^ "About Foshan". City of Foshan. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  89. ^ "Chile - Santiago (Census 2012)". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  90. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
  91. ^ "Composition of Population (2012)". Arriyadh Development Authority. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  92. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  93. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
  94. ^ "POPULATION IN BRIEF 2013". Singapore. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  95. ^ "现将汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查分区县常住人口[2]数据公布如下:". 汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查 主要数据公报[1]. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  96. ^ "Angola (2013)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  97. ^ Luanda is a city-province of Angola. In 2011 Luanda Province was subdivided into seven municipalities: Belas, Cacuaco, Cazenga, Ícolo e Bengo, Luanda, Quiçama and Viana, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Luanda (18825.28 square kilometres). These are again subdivided into 47 Communes (Comunas). The city proper of Luanda is formed by five districts: Belas, Viana, Luanda, Cazenga and Cacuaco.
  98. ^ "Divisão Político-Administrativa da Província de Luanda". Info-Angola. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
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  109. ^ The city of Alexandria has an area of approximately 400 square kilometres. Egyptian officials provides information at governorate level. In the case of "city proper" provides information at intervals of many years. It is impossible to assess the population (official) reported in the city proper area.
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  123. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
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  128. ^ "EGYPT: Greater Cairo (2006)". Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  129. ^ All districts that are listed as being in Greater Cairo and are contiguous; namely Ad-Duqī, Al-Ahrām; Al-'Ajūzah; Al-Badrashayn; Al-Ḥawāmidiyah; Al-Jīzah; Al-Jīzah; Al-'Umrāniyah; Al-Warrāq; Awsīm; Būlāq al-Dakrūr; Imbābah; Kirdāsah.
  130. ^ Sub-Provincial City (Census 2010)
  131. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Zhōngyuán, Èrqī, Guǎnchéng Huízú, Jīnshuǐ and Huìjì
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  135. ^ Districts of Shenhe, Heping, Dadong, Huangu, Tiexi; see Districts and zones
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  140. ^ Following sections: Licheng District, Fengze District, Shishi City, Jinjiang City; see Quanzhou#Administrative divisions
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  146. ^ The prefecture-level city of Hefei administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Luyang, Yaohai, Shushan and Baohe considered "core districts".
  147. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1-15 October 2008 (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
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  152. ^ "based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts"". 
  153. ^ Based on the following districts: Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua; see Administration
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  155. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration

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