List of child prodigies

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Ludwig van Beethoven was recognised as a child prodigy.

In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.[1] Child prodigies are rare, and in some domains, there are no child prodigies at all. Prodigiousness in childhood does not always predict adult eminence. The persons listed here have come to the haphazard attention of history or current news and probably do not represent the typical experience of a child prodigy.

Mathematics and science[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Born 1600–1699[edit]

Born 1700–1799[edit]

Born 1800–1899[edit]

Born 1900–1999[edit]

From left to right, Gabriel Carroll, Reid Barton, Liang Xiao, and Zhiqiang Zhang, the four perfect scorers in the 2001 International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO).

Born 2000–2013[edit]

Mental calculators[edit]

Note: Several mathematicians were mental calculators when they were still children. Mental calculation is not to be confused with mathematics. This section is for child prodigies largely or primarily known for calculating skills.

Physics[edit]

Astronomy[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Biology[edit]

Psychology[edit]

Computer science[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Engineering[edit]

Materials engineering[edit]

Mechanical engineering[edit]

The arts[edit]

Acting/directing[edit]

Note: This section is mostly limited to child actors or directors who were respected enough to be nominated or to win awards while in competition with adults, or who were declared prodigies. It also includes a few actors, from eras predating film, who were declared theatrical prodigies. This section must be limited this way because being even an award-winning child actor is not prodigious. (For child actors who won juvenile competition, see Academy Juvenile Award. These names do not necessarily equate with being competitive with adults and therefore do not necessarily count as prodigies.)

Music[edit]

See List of music prodigies.

Literature[edit]

Visual arts[edit]

Humanities[edit]

Academics[edit]

Humane Letters: Leadership, Teaching, Evangelism[edit]

Law/political science/philosophy[edit]

Linguistics/translation[edit]

Sports[edit]

Games[edit]

See also: Chess prodigy
4-year-old Capablanca and his father

Legendary[edit]

This list consists of historic children, who have become representatives of the "prodigy" phenomenon, inspiring literature, but whose actual accomplishments have not been firmly established due to the poor sourcing or records of their eras.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c E.T. Bell (1937), Men of Mathematics, Reprinted 1965 London: Pelican Books, Vol 1, Chap. 14 Gauss & Vol 2, Chap. 20 Galois.
  3. ^ Life & Earth Science (2012-10-11). "Top 10 Child Prodigies : Science Channel". Science.discovery.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  4. ^ Joseph Dunn(2006). The Glories of Ireland. BiblioBazaar. p. 58
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  6. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Norbert Wiener". 
  7. ^ "Wonderful Boys of History Compared With Sidis. All Except Macaulay Showed Special Ability in Mathematics. Instances of Boys Having 'Universal Genius'". New York Times. 16 January 1910. p. SM11. 
  8. ^ Harvard Crimson Unabomber's Secluded Plot of Land for Sale December 6, 2010
  9. ^ Michael Kimmelman (August 8, 1999). "Prodigy's Return". The New York Times Magazine: 30. 
  10. ^ Hunt, William. "Young Electronics Genius Experimented at Age 2." Long Island Sunday Press, January 1, 1961.
  11. ^ "At 12, He's Looking Forward To June And A College Degree". New York Times. May 2, 1982. 
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  54. ^ Carlson's personal web page
  55. ^ Stephen Singer. Prodigy, 13, claims age discrimination. Associated Press. Posted: March 25, 2010.
  56. ^ Tom Ragan. 16-year-old Cal grad's next stop: MIT. Daily Pilot. Posted: June 8, 2010.
  57. ^ Cathy Tran. 14-year-old Irvine college grad wants to create artificial intelligence. The Orange County Register. Posted: May 23, 2008.
  58. ^ University of California, Berkeley list of Robert J. Glushko prize winners
  59. ^ Educating Gabriel, 13, an off-the-charts prodigy in Seattle
  60. ^ Time Magazine
  61. ^ Siblings get a jumpstart on college careers
  62. ^ [1][dead link]
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  65. ^ "Balamurali Ambati: MD at 17". Hindunet.org. 1995-05-18. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  66. ^ Avicenna summary
  67. ^ Boy Wonder, Sho Yano Attends College At Age 10 - CBS News
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  74. ^ Theatre History
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  76. ^ a b c Academy Awards Best Supporting Actress
  77. ^ a b Turner Classic Movies
  78. ^ a b c Academy Awards Best Supporting Actor
  79. ^ Profiles for Genie Award nominees for best actress
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  81. ^ Book on Auntie Mame
  82. ^ Broadway Musical Home
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  95. ^ "Rabindranath Tagore (1913)". Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
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  99. ^ University of Delaware Library: Forging a Collection
  100. ^ Amir Khan, and Other Poems: The Remains of Lucretia Maria Davidson By Lucretia Maria Davidson
  101. ^ The Complete Marjory Fleming, her Journals, Letters & Verses, ed. Frank Sidgwick (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1934).
  102. ^ Lapham's Quarterly
  103. ^ New November 04
  104. ^ Salon.com
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  108. ^ a b "Seth F. Henriett (Fajcsák Henrietta) - EsĹ‘lány - A Szólás Szabadsága - 2005". Player.vimeo.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
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  111. ^ a b Henriett Seth F.'s universal effect
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  114. ^ 1902 Encyclopedia
  115. ^ "World Council for Gifted and Talented Children". Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  116. ^ Kitten on the Keys Time Magazine Jan. 28, 1957.
  117. ^ BBC
  118. ^ The Later Years of John Everett Millais's Portraits: Impressionistic Genius or Lazy self-indulgence?
  119. ^ ABC7chicago.com: Child Prodigy Alexandra Nechita Continues to Grow as an Artist 11/18/05
  120. ^ Barkham, Patrick (December 29, 2009). "The boy who paints like an old master". The Guardian (London). Retrieved January 26, 2010. 
  121. ^ Christian Science monitor article
  122. ^ Alfreda Murck (2002). Poetry and Painting in Song China: The Subtle Art of Dissent. Harvard University Asia Center. p. 123. ISBN 0-674-00782-4.
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  125. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  126. ^ Invisible women by Jane Fortune and Linda Falcone, pg 77
  127. ^ The Enlightened Eye by Evelyn K. Moore and Patricia Anne Simpson, pg 26
  128. ^ "The unfading colours of child prodigy" - The Hindu
  129. ^ "She spells hope and happiness" - The Hindu
  130. ^ "Tri thức việt - Vietgle". Vietgle.vn. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  131. ^ The Tennessean
  132. ^ ABC News
  133. ^ Virginia.edu
  134. ^ The Washington Post
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  137. ^ BBC: Indian 'boy genius' shares skills
  138. ^ Youngest college lecturer-world record
  139. ^ Child prodigy teaches the Koran
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  141. ^ Baylor
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  143. ^ New York Times
  144. ^ Saul Kripke, Genius Logician
  145. ^ Biography: John Stuart Mill, philosopher of utilitarianism, liberalism and precursor of feminism
  146. ^ New York Times
  147. ^ Lattman, Peter (November 19, 2007). "18-Year-Old Kathleen Holtz Passes the California Bar". The Wall Street Journal. 
  148. ^ Howe, Marvine (August 20, 1988). "Lawyer, 19, Must Wait for the Bar". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  149. ^ Garcia, Guy D. (December 1, 1986). "People: Dec. 1, 1986". Time. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
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  151. ^ "Born to be the Genius: Pichamon Yeophantong". LIPS Magazine (in Thai). October 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  152. ^ Thammasat University Annual Report 2006. Thammast University. 2006. pp. 102–03. 
  153. ^ Jones, Michael Ernest (2010). The Social Movement of Spiritually Engaged Alternative Education in Thailand Against the Background of Reform and Globalization. Boca Raton, Florida: PhD Dissertation. pp. 224–28. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  154. ^ Rhonesha Byng "Gabrielle Turnquest, Florida Teen, Becomes Youngest To Pass Bar Exam In UK", The Huffington Post, 2 August 2013
  155. ^ Emine Saner "Meet Britain's youngest ever barrister", theguardian.com, (Short Cuts blog), 11 August 2013
  156. ^ 7 Year Old Pakistani Genius to Get Free Higher Education
  157. ^ Eight Little Piggies: Reflections in Natural History by Stephen Jay Gould
  158. ^ The family encyclopedia of useful ... - John Lauris Blake - Google Books
  159. ^ Egyptology.com
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  167. ^ The Jamaica Gleaner, 10th November 1958.
  168. ^ Reuters, 11th November 1958
  169. ^ Jet, 27 November 1958
  170. ^ The Jamaica Gleaner, 14th December 2008
  171. ^ Sports Illustrated, 24th April 1961
  172. ^ RJR Sports Foundation
  173. ^ "Ping Pong prodigy sets sights on Olympic gold". CBS News. 
  174. ^ Diamond, Jared (May 3, 2012). "Warren Buffett's Olympic Discovery". The Wall Street Journal. 
  175. ^ Sports Illustrated
  176. ^ Time Magazine
  177. ^ "We take a look at six of the best young sporting champions". Redbull.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  178. ^ "The Official Jet Li Website". Jetli.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  179. ^ Michelle Wie Timeline
  180. ^ Wayne Gretzky#note-Young
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  182. ^ "Tianlang Guan youngest to make cut". ESPN.com. April 12, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  183. ^ "Capablanca's Best Chess Endings". 
  184. ^ Sensei's Library
  185. ^ "Europe's latest craze: Chessboxing". CBS News. 
  186. ^ American Stories Archive
  187. ^ The Observer
  188. ^ Chen, Ingfei (12 December 2006). "A Cryptologist Takes a Crack at Deciphering DNA's Deep Secrets". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  189. ^ "Magnificent Magnus, the world's youngest grandmaster". ChessBase News. 30 April 2004. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  190. ^ Kumar, Vijay (5 July 2006). "Parimarjan Negi, India's youngest ever grandmaster". ChessBase News. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  191. ^ "Anand tops the July 2007 FIDE ratings". ChessBase News. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  192. ^ "Nanjing: Carlsen wins Pearl Spring with 3002 performance". ChessBase News. 10 October 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  193. ^ Norwegian Carlsen is youngest to top chess rankings, AFP. Retrieved 7 February 2013
  194. ^ Moskwa, Wojciech (30 December 2009). "Norwegian teenager to be crowned new chess king". Reuters. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  195. ^ WWCC - Nalchik 2008 - and now there are just four!, FIDE web site, September 9, 2008
  196. ^ Kalinauskas, Nadine (2013-07-30). "Carissa Yip, nine, becomes the youngest female chess expert in U.S. | Good News - Yahoo! News Canada". Ca.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  197. ^ "Irina Krush Bio". Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  198. ^ Lewis, Chelsey. "Chess whiz". Wisconsintrails.com. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  199. ^ University of Calgary site

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]