List of cattle breeds

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The following is a list of breeds of cattle. Over 800 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, some of which adapted to the local climate, others which were bred by humans for specialized uses.

Breeds fall into two main types, regarded as either two closely related species, or two subspecies of one species. Bos indicus (or Bos taurus indicus) cattle, also called zebu, are adapted to hot climates. Bos taurus (or Bos taurus taurus) are the typical cattle of Europe, north-eastern Asia, and parts of Africa – they are referred to in this list as "taurine" cattle, and many are adapted to cooler climates. Taurus/indicus hybrids are widely bred in many warmer regions, combining characteristics of both the ancestral types (such as the Sanga cattle of Africa).

In some parts of the world further species of cattle are found (both as wild and domesticated animals), and some of these are related so closely to taurine and indicus cattle that interspecies hybrids have been bred. Examples include the Dwarf Lulu cattle of the mountains of Nepal with yak blood,[1] the Beefalo of North America with bison genes, the Selembu breed of India and Bhutan with gayal genes. The Madura breed of Indonesia may have banteng in its parentage.[2] In addition to these fertile hybrids, there are infertile crossings such as the male Dzo of Nepal, a cattle-yak crossing which is bred for agricultural work - like the mule they have to be continually bred from the parent species.

List of cattle breeds[edit]

Red Poll heifers
BreedSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
AbigarTaurusDairy
Abondance (cattle)TaurusFranceMeatDairy
Abyssinian Shorthorned ZebuIndicusEthiopiaDraught
AcehIndonesia
AchhamIndicusNepalDairy
Adamawa (cattle)TaurusNigeriaMeatDairyDraught
AdaptaurTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Afghan
AfricangusTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
AfrikanerTaurus/Indicus hybridSouth AfricaMeatDairy
AgeroleseTaurusItalyDairy
AkaushiJapanMeatone of the four Kobe breeds
Ala TauTaurusKazakhstanMeatDairy
AlambadiIndia
Albanian (cattle)TaurusAlbaniaDairyDraught
Albanian Dwarf
AlberesTaurusMeat
AlderneyTaurusChannel IslandsDairy
Alentejana
Alentejana CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Aleutian wild cattleUnited StatesFeral
Aliad Dinka
Alistana-Sanabresa
AllmogekorTaurusSwedenMeatDraught
Alur
AmericanTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
American Angus
American Beef Friesian
American Brown Swiss
American Milking DevonTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairyDraught
American White ParkTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
AmerifaxTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
Amrit MahalIndicusIndia
Amsterdam Island cattleTaurusAmsterdam IslandFeral
Anatolian BlackTaurusTurkey and BulgariaDairyDraught
Andalusian BlackSpain
Andalusian BlondSpain
Andalusian GreySpain
Angeln cattleTaurusGermanyDairy
Angoni
Angus cattleTaurusScotlandMeatDairy
Ankina
Ankole-WatusiIndicusEast AfricaMeatDairyDraughtShow
Aosta cattleTaurusDraught
Apulian Podolian
Aracena
Arado
Argentine Crillo
Argentine CriolloTaurusArgentinaMeatDairy
Argentine Friesian
Armorican (cattle)TaurusFranceMeatDairy
Arouquesa CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDairy
Arsi
Asturian MountainTaurusSpainMeatDairy
Asturian ValleyTaurusSpainMeatDairy
Aubrac cattleTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Aulie-AtaTaurusKazakhstanDairy
Aulie-AttaTaurusMeatDairy
Aure et Saint-GironsTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Australian BrafordTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Australian BrangusTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Australian CharbrayTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Australian Friesian SahiwalTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaDairy
Australian Milking ZebuTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaDairy
Australian Shorthorn
Austrian Simmental
Austrian Yellow
Avetonou
AvileñaTaurusMeatDraught
Avilena-Black Iberian
Aweil Dinka
AyrshireTaurusScotlandDairy
Azaouak cattle
Azebuado
Azerbaijan Zebu
Azores
Baherie cattleIndicusEritreaMeatDairy
Bakosi cattleTaurusCameroonMeatRituals
Balancer cattleTaurusMeatDairyGelbvieh/Angus crossbreed
BaouleTaurusIvory Coast
Barrosã CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
BarzonaTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BazadaisTaurusFranceMeat
Beef FreisianTaurusMeatDairy
BeefaloTaurus/Bison hybridUnited StatesMeat
BeefmakerTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
BeefmasterTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
Belgian BlueTaurusBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian RedTaurusBelgiumMeatDairyDraught
Belgian Red PiedTaurusBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian White-and-redTaurusBelgiumMeatDairy
Belmont RedTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Belted GallowayTaurusScotlandMeat
Bernese
Berrenda cattleTaurusMeatDairyDraughtSport
BetizuTaurusSpain/FranceMeatDraught
Bianca Val PadanaTaurusMeatDairy
BlaarkopTaurusNetherlandsDairy
Black AngusTaurusScotlandMeatDairy
Black BaldyTaurusMeat
Black HerefordTaurusEnglandMeat
Blanca CacereñaTaurusMeatDairyDraught
Blanco Orejinegro BONTaurusColombiaMeatDairyDraught
Blonde d'AquitaineTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Blue AlbionTaurusGreat BritainMeat
Blue GreyTaurusGreat BritainMeat
Bohus Polled
BonsmaraTaurus/Indicus hybridSouth AfricaMeat
BoranIndicuseastern AfricaMeat
BoškarinTaurusCroatia, SloveniaMeatDairyDraught
BrafordTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Brahman (cattle)IndicusIndiaMeatDairyDraught
BrahmousinTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDraught
BrangusTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BraunviehTaurusSwitzerlandMeatDairy
Brava
British WhiteTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
British FriesianTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
Brown CarpathianTaurusUkraine
Brown SwissTaurusSwitzerlandDairy
Bue LingoTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
BurlinaTaurusItalyDairy
Buša cattleTaurusformer Yugoslavia (Dinaric Alps)MeatDairyDraught
ButanaIndicusSudanDairy
Cachena CattleTaurusPortugal/SpainMeatDairyDraught
CaldelanaTaurusMeatDairyDraught
CamargueTaurusFranceMeatDraughtSport
Campbell Island CattleTaurusNew ZealandFeral
Canadian Speckle ParkTaurusCanadaMeat
CanadienneTaurusCanadaMeatDairy
CanariaTaurusMeatDraught
CanchimTaurus/Indicus hybridBrazilMeat
CaracuTaurusBrazilMeatDairyDraught
Cárdena andaluzaTaurusMeatDraught
Carinthian BlondviehTaurusAustriaMeatDairyDraught
CaroraTaurusVenezuelanMeatDairyDraught
Chinese Central Plains YellowTaurus/Indicus hybrid
CharbrayTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
CharolaisTaurusFranceMeatDraught
Chateaubriand
ChiangusTaurusMeat
ChianinaTaurusItalyMeatDraught
Chillingham CattleUnknownEnglandFeral
Chinese black piedTaurusChinaDairy
Coloursided White BackTaurusMeatDairy
Commercial
Corriente cattleTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraughtSport
Corsican CattleTaurusCorsicaMeatOften free-ranging
Costeño con CuernosTaurus/Indicus hybridColombiaMeatDraught
Crioulo Lageano
Dajal (cattle)IndicusMeatDairyDraught
Danish Black-Pied
Danish JerseyTaurusDenmarkDairy
Danish RedTaurusDenmarkMeatDairy
Deep Red CattleTaurusMeatDairy
DevonTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
DexterTaurusIrelandMeatDairy
Dhanni (cattle)IndicusMeatDairyDraught
Doayo cattleTaurusCameroon
Doela
DølafeTaurusNorwayMeatDairy
DroughtmasterTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Dulong'TaurusMeatDraught
Dutch BeltedTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
Dutch FriesianTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
Dwarf LuluTaurus/Indicus/Yak hybrid
East Anatolian RedTaurusDairy
Eastern FinncattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Eastern Red Polled
Enderby Island CattleUnknownNew ZealandFeral
English LonghornTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
Ennstal Mountain Pied CattleTaurusAustriaMeatDraught
Estonian Holstein
Estonian Native
Estonian Red cattleTaurusMeatDairy
Évolène CattleTaurusSwitzerlandDairy
Finnish AyrshireFinland
Finnish cattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Finnish Holstein-Friesian
FjällTaurusSwedenMeatDairy
FleckviehTaurusAustriaDairyDraught
Florida CrackerTaurusUnited StatesMeat
French SimmentalTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Fribourg black and white
Friesian Red and WhiteTaurusMeatDairy
Fulani SudaneseIndicusMeatDairyDraught
Galician BlondTaurusSpainMeatDairy
Galloway cattleTaurusScotlandMeatDraught
Garvonesa CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Gascon cattleTaurusFranceMeatDraught
GelbrayTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
GelbviehTaurusGermanyMeatDairyDraught
Georgian mountain cattleTaurusGeorgiaMeatDairyDraught
German Angus CattleTaurusGermanyMeat
German Black Pied CattleTaurusGermanyDairy
German Black Pied DairyTaurusGermanyDairy
German Red PiedTaurusGermanyMeatDairy
GirIndicusIndiaMeatDairy
Glan cattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairyDraught
GloucesterTaurusEnglandMeatDairyDraught
GobraIndicusMeatDraught
Greek ShorthornTaurusGreeceMeatDairy
Greek Steppe cattleTaurusMeat
Greyman CattleTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
GroningenTaurusNetherlandsDairy
Groningen White-HeadedTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
GudaliIndicusDairyDraught
GuernseyTaurusChannel IslandsDairy
GuzeratIndicusIndiaMeatDraught
HalikarIndicusMeatDairyDraught
HanwooTaurusKoreaMeatDraughtCow fighting
Hariana (cattle)IndicusMeatDairyDraught
Hartón del ValleTaurusColombiaMeatDairyDraught
Harz Red mountain cattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairyDraught
Hays ConverterTaurusCanadaMeat
Heck CattleTaurusScience
HerefordTaurusEnglandMeat
HerensTaurusSwitzerlandMeatCow fighting
HhybridmasterTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Highland CattleTaurusScotlandMeat
Hinterwald CattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairy
Holando-ArgentinoTaurusArgentinaMeatDairy
Red HolsteinTaurusDairy
HolsteinTaurusDairy
HorroIndicusMeatDraught
Hungarian GreyTaurusHungaryMeatDraught
Iberian cattle
IcelandicTaurusIcelandDairy
Illawarra cattleTaurusMeatDairy
Improved Red and WhiteTaurusMeat
Indo-BrazilianIndicusMeat
Irish MoiledTaurusIrelandMeatDairy
Israeli HolsteinTaurusDairy
Israeli RedTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Istoben cattleTaurusMeatDairy
Istrian cattle  see Boškarin
Jamaica BlackTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Jamaica HopeTaurus/Indicus hybridJamaicaDairy
Jamaica RedTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Jarmelista CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
JerseyTaurusChannel IslandsDairy
Jutland cattleTaurusDenmarkMeatDairy
Kalmyk cattleTaurusMeatDairy
Kangayam CowIndicusIndiaMeatDraught
KankrejIndicusMeatDraught
Karan SwissTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Kazakh Whiteheaded cattleTaurusMeatDairy
KenanaIndicusSudanDairy
Kerry cattleTaurusIrelandMeatDairy
KholomogoryTaurusRussiaMeatDairy
Kostroma CattleTaurusMeatDairy
Krishna Valley cattleIndicusMeatDairyDraught
KuriTaurusMeatDairyDraught
KurganTaurusMeatDairy
Lampurger
Latvian Blue
Latvian BrownTaurusLatviaMeatDairy
Lebedyn (cattle)TaurusUkraine
LevantinaTaurusMeatDraught
Limia CattleTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraught
LimousinTaurusFranceMeatDraught
LimpurgerTaurusMeatDairy
Lincoln RedTaurusEnglandMeat
LinebackTaurusDairy
Lithuanian Black-and-White
Lithuanian Light Grey
Lithuanian RedLithuaniaMeat
Lithuanian White-backed
Lohani cattleIndicusMeatDraught
LourdaisTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Australian LowlineTaurusAustraliaMeat
LuingTaurusScotlandMeat
Madagascar ZebuIndicusMeatDairyDraught
Madura cattleBanteng/Indicus hybridIndonesiaMeatDairyDraughtRacing
Maine AnjouTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Mandalong SpecialTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Mantequera LeonesaTaurusMeatDairyDraught
Maramureş BrownRomania
MarchigianaTaurusItalyMeatDraught
MaremmanaTaurusItalyMeatDairyDraught
Marinhoa CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
Marinhoa
MaronesaTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
Masai cattleIndicusMeatDraught
MashonaTaurusMeatDraught
MenorquinaTaurusMeatDraught
Mertolenga CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Meuse-Rhine-IsselTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
Milking ShorthornTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
Minhota CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
Minhota
Miniature
Mirandesa cattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Mocăniţă (cattle)Romania
Monchina (cattle)TaurusSpainMeatDraught
Mongolian cattleTaurusChinaMeatDraught
Montbeliard CattleTaurusFranceMeatDairy
MoruchaTaurusMeatDraughtFighting
Murboden CattleTaurusAustriaMeatDairyDraught
Murnau-Werdenfels CattleTaurusGermanyDairy
Murray GreyTaurusAustraliaMeat
N'DamaTaurusGuineaMeatDairy
Negra AndaluzaTaurusMeatDraught
Nelore cattleIndicusMeatDraught
NguniTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Normande CattleTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Northern FinncattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Northern ShorthornTaurusGreat BritainDairy
Chinese Northern Yellow
Norwegian RedTaurusNorwayMeatDairy
Ongole CattleIndicusIndiaMeatDraught
PajunaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
PalmeraTaurusMeatDraughtSport
Pantaneiro cattleBrazil
Parda AlpinaTaurusMeatDairy
ParthenaisTaurusFranceMeatDraught
PasiegaTaurusSpainDairy
Pembroke cattleTaurusWalesMeatDairy
Philippine Native cattleTaurusDairyDraught
Pie Rouge des PlainesTaurusFranceMeatDairy
PiedmonteseTaurusMeatDairy
PineywoodsTaurusMeatDairyDraught
PinzgauerTaurusAustriaMeatDairy
PirenaicaTaurusMeatDraught
PodolicaTaurusItalyMeatDairyDraught
Polish Black-and-White
Polish Red cattleTaurusPolandMeatDairyDraught
Polled HerefordTaurusEnglandMeat
Polled ShorthornTaurusEnglandMeat
Ponwar (cattle)IndicusMeat
Preta CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Punganur CowIndicusMeatDairyDraught
Pustertal Pied CattleTaurusMeat
QinchaunTaurusMeatDraught
Queensland Miniature BoranTaurusMeatPets
Ramo GrandeTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
RandallTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairyDraught
Rath (cattle)IndicusIndia[3]MeatDairyDraught
Rathi (cattle)IndicusMeatDairyDraught
Rätische GrauviehTaurusMeatDairyDraught
Red AngusTaurusScotlandMeatDairy
Red BrangusTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Red FulaniTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Red PollTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
Red Polled ØstlandTaurusMeatDairy
Red SindhiIndicusMeatDairy
ReinaTaurusMeatDairy
RetintaTaurusMeatDraught
Riggit GallowayTaurusMeat
Ringamåla CattleTaurusDairy
RohjanIndicusMeatDraught
Romagnola cattleTaurusItalyMeatDraught
Romanian BălţataRomania
Romanian Steppe GrayRomania
RomosinuanoTaurusColombiaMeat
Russian Black PiedTaurusRussiaMeatDairyDraught
RX3TaurusMeat
SahiwalTaurusMeatDairy
SalersTaurusMeatDraught
SalornTaurusMeat
SangaTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
SanheTaurus/Mongolian hybridMeatDairyDraught
Santa Cruz cattleTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Santa Gertrudis cattleTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
SayaguesaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
Schwyz
SelembuGaur/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
SenepolTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
ShekoEthiopia
Shetland cattleTaurusScotlandMeatDraught
ShorthornTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
SiboneyTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDraught
Sided Trönder
SimbrahTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
SimfordTaurusMeat
SimmentalTaurusSwitzerlandMeatDairyDraught
South DevonTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
BatangasTaurus/Indicus hybridDraught
Spanish Fighting BullTaurusSpainMeatSport
Speckle Park cattleTaurusMeat
Square MeaterTaurusMeat
Sussex cattleTaurusEnglandMeat
Swedish FriesianTaurusDairy
Swedish Mountain
Swedish Red CattleTaurusDairy
Swedish Red PollTaurusMeatDairy
Swedish Red-and-WhiteTaurusMeatDairy
Symons TypeTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Tabapuã (cattle)IndicusBrazilMeatDairyDraught
TarentaiseTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Tasmanian GreyTaurusMeat
TaurosTaurusgrazing projects, rewilding
Telemark cattleTaurusNorwayMeatDairy
Texas LonghornTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
TexonTaurusMeat
TharparkarIndicusIndia[4]DairyDraught
Tswana cattleTaurusBotswanaMeatDairy
TudancaTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraught
TuliTaurusZimbabweMeatDairy
TulimTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Turkish Grey Steppe cattleTaurusMeatDraught
Tux CattleTaurusDairy
Tyrolese Grey CattleTaurusAustriaMeatDairy
Ushuaia Wild CattleFeral
Ukrainian Grey cattleTaurusUkraine
Vaca Toposa or VaquillaTaurusSport
Väne
Vaynol cattleTaurusMeat
Vechoor cowIndicusDairy
Vestland FjordTaurusMeatDairy
VianesaIndicusMeatDairy
Volyn meat cattleUkraineMeat
Vorderwald CattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairy
VosgesTaurusMeatDairy
WagyūTaurusJapanMeatDraught
WangusTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Welsh BlackTaurusWalesMeat
Western FinncattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Western Fjord
Western Red PolledTaurusMeatDairy
White CáceresTaurusMeatDraught
White FulaniIndicusMeat
White ParkTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
Whitebred ShorthornTaurusGreat BritainMeat
Xingjiang BrownTaurus/Mongolian hybridMeatDairyDraught
Yakutian cattleTaurusRussiaMeatDairyDraught
Yanbian cattleTaurusChinaMeatDraught
Yurino (cattle)TaurusUkraine
ŻubrońTaurus/wisent hybridScience

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Takeda, K.; Satoh M.; Neopane S.P.; Kuwar B.S.; Joshi H.D.; Shrestha N.P.; Fujise H.; Tasai M.; Tagami T.; Hanada H. (April 2004). "Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Nepalese domestic dwarf cattle Lulu". Animal Science Journal 75 (2): 103–110(8). doi:10.1111/j.1740-0929.2004.00163.x. 
  2. ^ Lenstra, J.A.; D.G. Bradley (June 1999). Systematics and Phylogeny of Cattle. ISBN 978-0-85199-258-7. 
  3. ^ "Rath — India: Alwar and eastern Rajasthan" page 246 In Porter, Valerie (1991) Cattle: A Handbook to the Breeds of the World Helm, London, ISBN 0-8160-2640-8
  4. ^ Sharma, Amit Kumar et al. (2004). "Molecular Characterization of Rathi and Tharparkar Indigenous Cattle (Bos indicus) Breeds by RAPD-PCR". Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 17 (9): 1204–1209. 

References[edit]