List of castles in England

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Windsor Castle, Berkshire

This list of castles in England is not a list of every building and site which has the word "castle" as part of its name, nor is it a list only of those buildings which conform to a strict definition of a castle as a medieval fortified residence.[1] It is primarily a list, not of castles that were built in England, but of buildings and remains that have survived. In almost every case the buildings that survive are either ruined, or have been altered over the centuries. As a consequence, whether a given site is that of a medieval castle has not been taken to be a sufficient criterion for determining whether or not that site should be included in the list.

Vanished castles or those whose remains are barely visible are not listed, although exceptions have been made for some important or well-known buildings and sites. Fortifications from before the medieval period are not listed, nor are architectural follies. In other respects it is difficult to identify clear and consistent boundaries between two sets of buildings, comprising those that indisputably belong in a list of castles and those that do not. The criteria adopted for inclusion in the list include such factors as: how much survives from the medieval period; how strongly fortified the building was; how castle-like the surviving building is; whether the building has been given the title of "castle"; how certain it is that a medieval castle stood on the site, or that the surviving remains are those of a medieval castle; how well-known or interesting the building is; and whether including or excluding a building helps make the list, in some measure, more consistent.

In order to establish a list that is as far as possible comprehensive as well as consistent, it is necessary to establish its boundaries. Before the list itself, a discussion of its scope includes lengthy lists of buildings which for various reasons are excluded from the main lists. The Castellarium Anglicanum, an authoritative index of castles in England and Wales published in 1983, lists over 1,500 castle sites in England.[2] Many of these castles have vanished or left almost no trace. The present list includes more than 800 medieval castles of which there are visible remains, with over 300 having substantial surviving stone or brick remains.


Contents

History[edit]

The Tower of London

A castle is a type of fortified structure, developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. The first castles appeared in France in the 10th century,[3] and in England during the 11th century. A few castles are known to have been built in England before the Normans invaded in 1066;[4] a great many were built in the years following, the principal mechanism by means of which the Normans were able to consolidate their control over the country.[5] Whilst a few important castles, such as the White Tower in the Tower of London, were built of stone, most early castles were motte-and-bailey castles of earthwork and timber, which could be constructed very quickly. Some were later rebuilt in stone,[6] but there are a great many castle sites in England where all that is visible today are traces of earthworks.[7]

Castles continued to be built in England for several hundred years, reaching their peak of military sophistication in the late 13th century.[8] The two principal elements in their construction were the great tower or keep, such as the White Tower, and the fortified enclosure, such as is provided by the outer wall of the Tower of London. During the 14th century, largely as a result of the decline of feudalism,[9] the construction of strong castles began to decline, in favour of more lightly fortified structures often described as fortified manor houses.[10] In the far north of England, where conditions remained unsettled, fortified buildings continued to be built as late as the 16th century, not only by the rich and powerful but by any with adequate means, as defence not against great armies, but against the notorious Border Reivers. Many took the form of the pele tower, a smaller, more modest version of the castle keep,[11] and many of these still survive, often incorporated in later buildings.

Pendennis Castle, Cornwall: a 16th-century Henrician Castle

Castles differed from earlier fortifications in that they were generally private fortified residences. A castle was typically the residence of a feudal lord, providing the owner with a secure base from which to control his lands,[12] as well as a symbol of wealth and power. Earlier fortified structures, such as the Saxon burh or the Iron Age hill fort, provided public or communal defences,[13] as did the town or city walls which were built in medieval times. The many Roman forts of which ruins survive in Britain differed in being wholly military in nature, camps or strongholds of the Roman army: the Romans also built town or city walls in England which can still be seen, for instance at Silchester.

By the 16th century the role of fortifications had changed once more with the development of artillery capable of breaching even thick stone walls. In the reign of Henry VIII, fears of invasion[14] led to the building of a series of new fortresses along the south coast of England,[15] known as the Device Forts or Henrician Castles. These were designed to use and to defend against artillery, and since they were not private residences, but national fortifications, they do not possess what architectural historians have come to see as the defining characteristics of a castle.[16] Nonetheless they are visibly castle-like, being compact, with battlemented walls, squat turrets and sometimes a keep; and they were the last generation of fortresses in England to be known as castles, long before architectural historians began to argue that they should not be.[17] One of them, Pendennis Castle, was one of the last Royalist strongholds to fall to the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War—starvation forcing surrender after a siege of five months.[18]

Herstmonceux Castle, East Sussex

As the role of the castle as fortress declined in the later medieval period, its role as a residence increasingly became the more important. Castles such as Herstmonceux were built with fortifications seemingly designed more for show than for strength,[19] implying a further evolution in the role and concept of the castle, becoming less a means of enforcing power but instead a symbol of its possession, a castle becoming a grand residence proclaiming the status of its owner. Once fortifications had become altogether redundant, it became increasingly rare in England for new buildings to be described as castles, in contrast to France, where country houses continued to be known as châteaux.

Once no longer needed as fortresses, castles—if they were not abandoned—were, over the centuries, adapted and modernised to make them more suitable for continued use as residences:[20] large windows were inserted in defensive walls, as at Lumley; outer walls were demolished or lowered to open up views from within, as at Raby; new residential ranges were built to improve and extend accommodation, as at Windsor. Some castles were restored after falling into ruin, like Bamburgh;[21] others, like Belvoir, were demolished and rebuilt, retaining little or none of the original structure.[22] In the 18th and 19th centuries especially, many castles underwent "improvements" by architects such as Anthony Salvin, and in this period a fashion developed for entirely new houses to be built in the style of castles, and to be known as castles.[23][24] Amongst these was Peckforton Castle, built by Salvin: a building so authentic in its recreation of a medieval castle that it has been described as possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.[25]

Peckforton Castle, Cheshire, with Beeston Castle in the distance

Scope and exclusions[edit]

No list of castles in England can ever be complete, because there will never be complete agreement in every case as to whether the remains of a building are those of a castle, whether a given place is the site of a castle, or whether a surviving building should be considered to be a castle.[26]

Perhaps because the castle has become the most familiar type of fortification, there are a great many sites in England of fortifications earlier than the 10th century which have become known as castles. Most of these are Iron Age hill forts: amongst the best known are Abbotsbury Castle, Barbury Castle, Bratton Castle, Cadbury Castle, Castle Dore, Chûn Castle, Liddington Castle, Maen Castle, Maiden Castle and Uffington Castle,[27] whilst many more appear in the List of hill forts in England. Others, such as Melandra Castle, Reculver Castle, Richborough Castle and Whitley Castle, are Roman forts, whilst Daw's Castle is a Saxon burh.[27] None of these is included in the present list unless it is also the site of a medieval castle, as is the case with, for instance, Portchester Castle, where an imposing castle was built within the surviving walls of the Roman fort.[28]

Portchester Castle, Hampshire: Roman walls and medieval keep

Nor are all medieval fortified sites included in the present list. The remains of town and city walls are excluded — most of these appear in the List of town walls in England and Wales. Also excluded are churches with defensive towers, such as Ancroft, Burgh by Sands, Edlingham, Garway, Great Salkeld and Newton Arlosh, as well as other fortified ecclesiastical sites such as Alnwick Abbey, Battle Abbey, Thornton Abbey, Wetheral Priory, Whalley Abbey and St Mary's Abbey, York.[29] Some of the pele towers of Northern England are included, but the more modest fortified buildings known as bastles are not, though the distinction between them is not always altogether clear. Amongst fortified manor houses, those given the title of castle are included: many others were more lightly fortified and are excluded, amongst these are Baddesley Clinton, Cowdray House, Farnhill Hall, Hipswell Hall, Ightham Mote, Little Wenham Hall, Markenfield Hall and Walburn Hall.[29]

Pele towers which became known as castles, or preserve a castle-like aspect, are included in the present list. Many others, or their remains, have survived much altered, incorporated in later country houses or farmhouses, and are excluded from the list: amongst these are Aske Hall, Biddlestone RC Chapel, Bolling Hall, Bolton Old Hall, Boltongate Rectory, Causey Park House, Clennell Hall, Cliburn Hall, Corbridge Low Hall, Cowmire Hall, Craster Arms (Beadnell), Croglin Old Pele, Denton Hall, Dovenby Hall, Dunstan Hall, East Shaftoe Hall, Godmond Hall, Great Salkeld Rectory, Hardrigg Hall, Hepscott Hall, Hetton Hall, Hollin Hall, Hutton Hall (Penrith), Irton Hall, Johnby Hall, Killington Hall, Kirkoswald College, Levens Hall, Little Harle Tower, Nether Hall, Netherby Hall, Ormside Hall, Pockerley Pele, Preston Patrick Hall, Randalholme Hall, Rock Hall, Rudchester Hall, Sella Park, Selside Hall, Skelsmergh Hall, Smardale Hall, Thistlewood Farmhouse, Warnell Hall, Weetwood Hall and Witton Tower.[29]

In the post-medieval period, the distinction between true castles and the later mock castles is blurred by the extent to which medieval castles were adapted and rebuilt. At Greystoke a new castle was built incorporating a medieval pele tower;[30] at Thurland a new castle was built from the ruins of the old;[31] at Belvoir the old castle was demolished and a new one built.[22] The building of mock castles might be seen as the logical conclusion of a process already apparent in castles such as Herstmonceux or Tattershall, where the castle-like aspect of the building was becoming more for show than for strength.[19]

Wentworth Castle: not a castle but a country house

Amongst post-medieval buildings in England which are known as castles, there is Peckforton Castle, which is exceptional in its authenticity; many others such as Clearwell Castle which have some castle-like features; and some like Mereworth Castle which bear no resemblance whatsoever to a castle. Buildings which neither have the appearance of castles, nor incorporate the remains of castles in their fabric, are excluded from this list: amongst these are Bolebroke Castle, Bovey Castle, Bruce Castle, Castle Ashby, Castle Howard, Clifton Castle, Highclere Castle, Mereworth Castle, New Wardour Castle, Sherborne Castle, Wentworth Castle and Wisbech Castle.[32] Many other buildings which do have some castle-like features are nonetheless excluded: amongst these are Acton Castle, Allerton Castle, Augill Castle, Avon Castle, Bell's Castle, Bolesworth Castle, Bude Castle, Castle Eden Castle, Castle Goring, Cave Castle, Clearwell Castle, Cliffe Castle, Coates Castle, Creech Castle, Droskyn Castle, Edmond Castle, Enmore Castle, Ewell Castle, Farleigh Castle, Farley Castle, Fillingham Castle, Hatherop Castle, Headingley Castle, Highcliffe Castle, Hilfield Castle, Kenwith Castle, Kirby Knowle Castle, Knepp Castle, Luscombe Castle, Midford Castle, Mulgrave Castle, Otterburn Tower, Pentillie Castle, Reeve Castle, Ryde Castle, St. Clare Castle, Sibdon Castle, Sneaton Castle, Stanhope Castle, Studley Castle, Swinton Castle, The Citadel (Weston-under-Redcastle), Tregenna Castle, Vanbrugh Castle, Wadhurst Castle, Wattisham Castle, Whitehaven Castle, Whitstable Castle, Willersley Castle and Willsbridge Castle.[32] Amongst those which have been demolished is Steephill Castle.

Artificial ruins and follies, often built as memorials or landscape features, are also excluded: amongst these are Appley Tower, Black Castle, Bladon Castle, Blaise Castle, Bollitree Castle, Boston Castle, Braylsham Castle, Broadway Tower, Carr Hall Castle, Castlebourne, Clent Castle, Clopton Tower, Dinton Castle, Doyden Castle, Dunstall Castle, Durlston Castle, Fort Putnam, Hadlow Castle, Castle in Hagley Park Lawrence Castle, Long's Park Castle, Mow Cop Castle, Mowbray Castle, Pirton Castle, Radford Castle, Radway Tower, Ragged Castle (Badminton), Rivington Castle, Rodborough Fort, Ross Castle, Rothley Castle, Roundhay Castle, Sebergham Castle, Severndroog Castle, Shaldon Castle, Sham Castle (Bath), Sledmere Castle, Speedwell Castle, Stainborough Castle, Starlight Castle, Stowe Castle, Strattenborough Castle, Sundorne Castle, Toll House (Clevedon) and Wyke Castle.[32] Finally, the 16th-century Henrician Castles, whose design was closely inspired by medieval castles, are included, but later military fortifications—with just a few exceptions—are not.

Red Lion Tower, Haltwhistle

However carefully constructed might be the basis for including a building or site on a list such as this, it is inevitable there will be borderline cases, or distinctions made which seem arbitrary or difficult to justify. Many buildings which are known to incorporate northern pele towers in their fabric, but which are no longer castle-like, such as the Red Lion Tower in Haltwhistle, have been excluded from the list. On the other hand Corby Castle, in which a pele tower has been wholly encased in a later building,[33] is included because it is known as a castle, and by implication therefore in some part continued to fulfil the role of one. Kimbolton Castle has been included as the site of a medieval castle, and because the present mansion has a castellated aspect in deference to the medieval castle it replaced.

Key[edit]

Key
Accessible open spaceAccessible open space
CL icon.svgCastle open to the public
EH icon.svgEnglish Heritage
HH icon.svgHistoric House open to the public
Museum icon (red).svgMuseum
National TrustNational Trust
NGSPrivate, grounds open under the National Gardens Scheme
NameUsually the name of the surviving building, but not always—for instance the remains of the historic Bampton Castle were incorporated in a later building known as Ham Court
TypeUsually the type of castle represented by the predominant surviving fortified remains
DateUsually the dates of the principal building works relating to the surviving remains
ConditionAn indication as to what remains of the original castle structure
ImageThe building or site as it currently exists
Ownership
/ Access
Brief information relating to the current ownership or use of the site, an icon signifying that the site is frequently open to the public

Bedfordshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Bedford Castle was demolished following a well-documented 8-week siege by Henry III, with around 2000 men, in 1224.[34]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Someries CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryFragmentary remainsSomeries Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svgBrick, unfinished, ruined gatehouse and chapel survive.[35]

Berkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Donnington CastleCastle1386 !c. 1386FragmentDonnington Castle - geograph.org.uk - 35386.jpgEH !EH icon.svgBuilt by Richard Abberbury the Elder, destroyed during the English Civil War, gatehouse survives.[36]
Windsor CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–19th centuryIntactWindsor Castle at Sunset - Nov 2006.jpgRoyal palaceRestored and extended by James Wyatt and Jeffry Wyattville, 1800–30.[37]

Bristol[edit]

Castles of which only vestiges remain include:[2]

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Boarstall TowerFortified manor house1312 !c. 1312FragmentBoarstall Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1062939.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgMoated site, gatehouse survives, altered in the 16–17th centuries, converted to house 20th century.[38]

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Buckden PalaceFortified manor house1201 !13–15th centuryFragmentBuckden Towers.jpgClaretian conference centreRenamed Buckden Towers, partly demolished and remnants incorporated with a 19th-century house.[39]
Elton HallFortified manor house1477 !c. 1477FragmentElton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1258739.jpgHH !HH icon.svgGatehouse survives, incorporated in building of 1662–1689, remodelled and extended in the 18–19th centuries.[40]
Kimbolton CastleCastellated house1601 !17–18th centuryIntactKimbolton Castle 01.jpgSchoolSite of medieval castle, rebuilt and later remodelled by Sir John Vanbrugh 1707–10.[41]
Kirtling TowerFortified manor house1530 !c. 1530FragmentA view of Kirtling Tower - geograph.org.uk - 525588.jpgNGS16th-century gatehouse on supposed site of moated Saxon castle.[42]
Longthorpe TowerTower house1263 !1263–1300IntactLongthorpe Tower1.jpgEH !EH icon.svgElaborate scheme of domestic medieval wall paintings.[43]
Northborough CastleFortified manor house1330 !1330–40FragmentThe gatehouse, Northborough Hall - geograph.org.uk - 672519.jpgPrivateGatehouse and hall survive, with 16/17th-century alterations.[44]
Woodcroft CastleQuadrangular castle1280 !c. 1280Habitable fragmentWoodcroftCastle.jpgPrivateWest range of original building survives, with alterations.[45]

Cheshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Beeston CastleEnclosure castle1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsBeeston Castle Gate.jpgEH !EH icon.svgSited on crag high above Cheshire Plain, 19th-century outer gatehouse.[46]
Chester CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentAgricola Tower, Chester Castle - geograph.org.uk - 675807.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAgricola tower sole feature of medieval castle to survive an 18th-century fire.[47]
Cholmondeley CastleNeo-romantic castle1801 !1801–19IntactCholmondeley - Cholmondeley Castle.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Marquess of Cholmondeley
Transformed into castle by Smirke, 1817–19.[48]
Doddington CastleTower house1403 !c. 1403Substantially intactGeograph-2193224-by-Simon-Huguet cropped.jpgPrivateAlso known as Delves Hall. Building At Risk.[49]
Halton CastleCastle1201 !13th centuryFragmentary remainsHalton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 311820.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Duchy of Lancaster
Commanding position, 13th-century tower, 18th-century courthouse, folly of c. 1800.[50]
Peckforton CastleNeo-romantic castle1844 !1844–50IntactPeckforton Castle 1.jpgHotelBy Anthony Salvin, possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.[25]

County Durham[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Auckland CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–16th centuryRebuiltAuckland Castle 036.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Church of England
Mostly 16th-century, fragments remain of medieval castle, residence of the Bishop of Durham.[51]
Barnard CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryRuinsBarnard Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[52]
Bowes CastleKeep1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsBowes Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1158843.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRuins of keep survive.[53]
Brancepeth CastleKeep and bailey1301 !14–19th centuryReconstructedBrancepeth Castle.jpgPrivateSubstantial medieval portions, including 5 towers incorporated in 19th-century rebuilding.[54]
Durham CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryRebuiltDurham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 897762.jpgUniversity College, DurhamMuch altered during continuous occupation since c. 1072.[55]
Lambton CastleNeo-romantic castle1820 !c. 1820–8IntactLambton Park 1892.jpgWedding venue / Earl of DurhamLater additions demolished following subsidence.[56]
Lumley CastleQuadrangular castle1392 !c. 1392IntactLumley Castle 02.jpgHotel / Earl of ScarbroughAltered c. 1580 and 1721.[57]
Mortham TowerFortified manor house1301 !14–16th centuryIntactMortham Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1413899.jpgPrivate15th-century tower, formerly in Yorkshire.[58]
Raby CastleCastle1101 !12–14th centuryIntactRaby Castle - geograph.org.uk - 29645.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Lord Barnard
Altered in the 18–19th centuries.[59]
Raby Old LodgeTower house1501 !16th centuryRestoredHoliday accommodationProbably built as a hunting lodge for the Neville family of Raby Castle.[60]
Scargill CastleTower house1201 !13–15th centuryFragmentScargill Castle Farm - geograph.org.uk - 75574.jpgPrivate, farmAmongst farm buildings.[61]
Walworth CastleSham castle1601 !c. 1600RestoredWalworth 001.jpgHotelSouth-west tower and adjoining wall possibly medieval.[62]
Witton CastleCastle1410 !c. 1410RestoredWitton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 307577.jpgCaravan siteExtended in 1790–95. Used as a leisure centre for a caravan site.[63]

Cornwall[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Caerhays CastleNeo-romantic castle1807 !1807–10IntactCaerhays Castle from the car park - geograph.org.uk - 995349.jpgHH !HH icon.svgBuilt in 1808 by John Nash.[64]
Carn Brea CastleSham castle1401 !15–19th centuryIntactCarn Brea Castle by Ansom.jpgRestaurantPossible medieval hunting lodge rebuilt in the 18–19th centuries.[65]
Ince CastleSemi-fortified house1640 !c. 1640IntactInce Castle - geograph.org.uk - 344828 cropped.jpgNGSHouse may have been held against the Roundheads in 1646.[66]
Launceston CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryRuinsLaunceston, castle over rooftops - geograph.org.uk - 571483.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[67]
Pendennis CastleArtillery fort1540 !1540–98IntactPendennis Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgWithstood 5-month siege in 1646.[18]
Pengersick CastleFortified manor house1510 !c. 1510FragmentPengersick Castle - geograph.org.uk - 54699.jpgHH !HH icon.svg4-storey tower remains, with later building.[68]
Place House, FoweyTower house1401 !15–19th centuryRebuiltGeograph-2306832-by-Derek-Harper cropped.jpgPrivateOriginal tower house defended against the French in 1475, subsequently strengthened, later rebuilt.[69]
Restormel CastleShell keep1101 !12–13th centuryRuinsRestormelCastle.JPGEH !EH icon.svg[70]
St Catherine's CastleArtillery fort1538 !1538–40RuinsSt Catherines Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1239837.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAt mouth of River Fowey.[71]
St. Mawes CastleArtillery fort1540 !1540–3IntactSt-mawes-castle.JPGEH !EH icon.svgPosition not defensible from land attack.[72]
St. Michael's MountFortified site1101 !12–17th centurySubstantially intactSt Michael's Mount - geograph.org.uk - 742583.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgCastle and priory church comprise single building.[73]
Tintagel CastleTwin bailey1227 !1227–33Fragmentary remainsTintagel Castle, Tintagel, Cornwall taken 1967 - geograph.org.uk - 762301.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[74]
Trematon CastleShell keep1101 !12–13th centuryRuinsKeep, Trematon Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1192900.jpgDuchy of Cornwall[75]

Cumbria[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Appleby CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–17th centuryRestoredCaesar's Tower inside Appleby castle - geograph.org.uk - 1505585.jpgPrivateRestored in the 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford.[76]
Armathwaite CastleTower house1401 !15th centuryIntactRiver Eden from Armathwaite Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 211411 cropped.jpgPrivateIncorporated in later buildings.[77]
Arnside TowerTower house1401 !15th centuryRuinsArnside Tower from the south west - geograph.org.uk - 418663.jpgPrivateFreestanding tower house.[78]
Askerton CastleCastle1301 !14–16th centuryRestoredAskerton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 958564.jpgPrivate, farmAltered by Anthony Salvin.[79]
Beetham HallFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryPartly ruinedBeetham Hall - geograph.org.uk - 862919.jpgPrivate[80]
Bewcastle CastleCourtyard castle1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsBewcastle - geograph.org.uk - 1945279.jpgHC !CL icon.svgSited within Roman fort.[81]
Bewley CastleFortified manor house1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsPrivateOnce a residence of the Bishops of Carlisle.[82]
Blencow HallFortified house1401 !15–16th centuryIntactBlencow Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1458342.jpgHoliday accommodationAltered in 1590.[83]
Brackenburgh Old TowerPele tower1301 !14–15th centurySubstantially intactPrivateAdjoining large 19th-century house.[84]
Brackenhill TowerTower house1586 !1586IntactHoliday accommodationRestored 21st century.[85]
Branthwaite HallPele tower1301 !14–15th centuryIntactBranthwaite Hall. - geograph.org.uk - 80423.jpgPrivate17th-century additions.[86]
Brough CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryRuinsBrough Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1605399.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRestored in 1659–62 by Lady Anne Clifford.[87]
Brougham CastleKeep and bailey1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsBrougham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 17714.jpgEH !EH icon.svgConverted into country house in 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford.[88]
Brougham HallFortified manor house1201 !13–19th centuryRuinsBrougham Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1532.jpgCrafts centreRuins of 19th-century house incorporating remains of earlier building.[89]
Broughton TowerPele tower1301 !14th centuryIntactSchoolIncorporated in later building.[90]
Burneside HallTower house1301 !14th centuryRuinsBurneside Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1499618.jpgPrivate[91]
Carlisle CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–15th centurySubstantially intactCarlisle Castle 03.jpgEH !EH icon.svgConverted to barracks 19th century.[92]
Catterlen HallTower house1401 !15th centuryIntactCatterlenHall cropped.jpgPrivateLater additions.[93]
Clifton HallPele tower1501 !16th centurySubstantially intactGeograph-1878296-by-Trish-Steel cropped.jpgEH !EH icon.svgUsed as a farm building until 1973.[94]
Cockermouth CastleEnclosure castle1201 !13–14th centuryPartly restoredCockermouth Castle.jpgPrivate19th-century additions.[95]
Corby CastleTower house1201 !13th centuryRebuiltCorby Castle cropped.jpgPrivateConcealed within a Georgian Mansion House.[33]
Dacre CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryRestoredDacre Castle.jpgPrivateRestored in the 17th and 19th centuries.[96]
Dalston HallFortified house1401 !15th centuryIntactHotelLater additions.[97]
Dalton CastlePele tower1301 !14th centuryRestoredDalton Castle.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgRemodelled c. 1704 and 1856.[98]
Drawdykes CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryIntactPrivate, farmOriginal tower with early Classical Revival facade.[99]
Drumburgh CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryHabitableDrumburgh Castle - geograph.org.uk - 912711.jpgPrivateConverted into farmhouse.[100]
Gleaston CastleEnclosure castle1301 !14th centuryFragmentary remainsGleaston Castle ruins.jpgPrivateAbandoned late 15th century.[101]
Greystoke CastleCastle1301 !14–19th centuryRebuiltGreystoke Castle.jpgWedding venueRebuilt incorporating parts of 14th-century building, remodelled in 1840 by Anthony Salvin.[102]
Harbybrow TowerPele tower1401 !15th centuryRuinPrivateAdjoining 19th-century farmhouse.[103]
Hayton CastleTower house1301 !14–15th centurySubstantially intactPrivateCastle converted to house.[104]
Hazelslack TowerPele tower1301 !14th centuryRuinsHazelslack Tower - geograph.org.uk - 126519.jpgPrivateNear Arnside.[105]
Howgill CastleTower house1301 !14th centurySubstantially intactPrivateAltered and remodelled in the 17–18th century.[106]
Hutton-in-the-ForestPele tower1301 !14–19th centuryIntactHutton-in-the-Forest 04.jpgHH !HH icon.svgLarge country-house extensions.[107]
Hutton JohnPele tower1301 !14th centuryIntactHutton John - geograph.org.uk - 563746.jpgHH !HH icon.svgLater alterations and additions.[108]
Ingmire HallPele tower1501 !16–20th centuryRebuiltIngmire Hall - geograph.org.uk - 131608.jpgPrivate apartmentsIncorporated in large, mostly 19th-century mansion.[109]
Isel HallTower house1301 !14–15th centuryIntactHH !HH icon.svgLater additions.[110]
Kendal CastleRingwork1101 !12–14th centuryFragmentary remainsKendal Castle at sunset.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svg[111]
Kentmere HallPele tower1301 !14th centuryIntactKentmere hall.jpgPrivate[112]
Kirkandrews TowerPele tower1501 !16th centuryIntactKirkandrews Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1577812.jpgPrivate[113]
Linstock CastleTower house1101 !12–13th centurySubstantially intactPrivateAltered and remodelled in the 17–20th century.[114]
Lowther CastleNeo-romantic castle1806 !1806–14RuinsLowther Castle 01.jpgHH !HH icon.svgShell of a 19th-century castle by Smirke, on site of medieval hall.[115]
Middleton HallFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryHabitableGeograph-2298516-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgPrivateAltered and extended in the 15–19th centuries.[116]
Millom CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryRuinsMillom Castle - geograph.org.uk - 285259.jpgHC !CL icon.svg16–17th-century farmhouse built into ruins.[117]
Muncaster CastleTower house1201 !13–14th centuryRestoredMuncaster Castle 01.jpgHH !HH icon.svgRemodelled by Anthony Salvin, home of Tom Fool, 16th-century jester.[118]
Naworth CastleKeep and bailey1201 !13–16th centuryRestoredNaworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1485110.jpgWedding venue
Earl of Carlisle
Altered and restored in the 18th and 19th centuries.[119]
Newbiggin HallFortified house1401 !15–16th centuryIntactPart of Newbiggin Hall - geograph.org.uk - 290844.jpgPrivateRemodelled by Anthony Salvin.[120]
Pendragon CastleTower house1101 !12–14th centuryFragmentary remainsPendragon Castle - geograph.org.uk - 927364.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[121]
Penrith CastleCastle1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentary remainsPenrith Castle 2.JPGEH !EH icon.svg[122]
Piel CastleCastle1301 !14–15th centuryRuinsPiel Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAlso known as Fouldrey Castle.[123]
Prior's Tower, CarlislePele tower1401 !15th centuryIntactGeograph-2179125-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpgChurch of EnglandPart of the Deanery, alongside later buildings.[124]
Rose CastleQuadrangular Castle1401 !15–16th centuryRestoredGeograph-2140455-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpgChurch of EnglandConverted to private house 17th century, residence of the Bishop of Carlisle until 2011.[125]
Scaleby CastleTower house1201 !13–15th centuryPartly ruinedScaleby Castle, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 50853.jpgPrivateIncorporated with later house.[126]
Sizergh CastleTower house1301 !14–16th centuryRestoredSizergh Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1290821.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgAltered in the 18–20th centuries.[127]
Toppin CastleSham castle19 !19th centuryIntactGeograph-1841134-by-John-Smith cropped.jpgPrivateImitation tower house.[128]
Ubarrow HallPele tower1401 !MedievalSubstantially intactYewbarrow-hall-longsleddale.jpgPrivateAlongside later building, reduced in height.[129]
Wharton HallFortified manor house1301 !14–17th centuryPartly restoredWharton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 163881.jpgPrivate[130]
Whitehall, MealsgateTower house1301 !14–15th centurySubstantially intactHoliday accommodationAlterations by Anthony Salvin.[131]
Workington HallTower house1301 !14–18th centuryRuinsCurwen Hall - geograph.org.uk - 571432.jpgLocal authorityAlso known as Curwen Hall.[132]
Wray CastleNeo-romantic castle1840 !1840–7IntactWray Castle - geograph.org.uk - 129530.jpgENT !NTE icon.svg[133]
Wraysholme TowerTower house1401 !15th centurySubstantially intactGeograph-2164570-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgPrivate, farmUsed as barn and cow-house, adjoining a 19th-century house.[134]
Yanwath HallPele tower1401 !15th centuryIntactYanwath Hall from Pokey Dub - geograph.org.uk - 936539.jpgPrivateAdjoining later building.[135]

Derbyshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bolsover CastleCastle1101 !12–17th centuryRebuiltBolsover Castle - geograph.org.uk - 205752.jpgEH !EH icon.svgCastle rebuilt as a 17th-century mansion.[136]
Codnor CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentary remainsCodnor castle01.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[137]
Elvaston CastleCastellated house1601 !17–19th centuryDerelictElvaston Castle 2.jpgDerbyshire County CouncilBuilt in 1633, remodelled by James Wyatt in 19th century, now within country park. Building At Risk.[138]
Haddon HallFortified manor house1301 !14–15th centuryIntactGeograph-2270973-by-Trevor-Rickard cropped.jpgHH !HH icon.svgAltered in the 16–17th centuries, restored in the 1920s.[139]
Mackworth CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryFragmentMackworth Castle, Lower Road, Mackworth Village, Derbyshire.jpgPrivateRuined gatehouse adjoining farm.[140]
Peveril CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryRuinsPeveril Castle keep, 2009.jpgEH !EH icon.svgCommanding position above ravine.[141]
Riber CastleSham castle1868 !1868RuinsGeograph-1685064-by-Brian-Chadwick.jpgPrivateSchool 1892–1930.[142]
Wingfield ManorFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryRuinsWingfield Manor - geograph.org.uk - 6280.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAbandoned in the 18th century.[143]

Devon[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Affeton CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryFragmentAffeton gatehouse500.jpegPrivateGatehouse of house sacked during English Civil War, with 19th-century alterations.[144]
Berry Pomeroy CastleEnclosure castle1401 !15th centuryRuinsBerry Pomeroy Castle - geograph.org.uk - 913529.jpgEH !EH icon.svgVery late castle, designed to defend against artillery.[145]
Bickleigh CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryRestoredBickleigh castle.jpgWedding venueIncorporated in later buildings.[146]
Compton CastleFortified manor house1301 !14–16th centuryRestoredCompton Castle in Devon enh.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgUsed as farm after 1750, restored 20th century.[147]
Dartmouth CastleCastle1481 !1481RestoredDartmouth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 725989.jpgEH !EH icon.svgConverted to artillery castle 1509–47.[148]
Castle DrogoNeo-romantic castle1911 !1911–1930IntactDrogo.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgBy Edwin Lutyens.[149]
Gidleigh CastleKeep1301 !c. 1300RuinsGidleigh Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[150]
Hemyock CastleEnclosure castle1380 !c. 1380Fragmentary remainsHemyock Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1491334.jpgPrivate[151]
Kingswear CastleArtillery fort1491 !1491–1502IntactKingswear Castle from Dartmouth Castle.jpgLandmark Trust[152]
Lydford CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryRuinsLydford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 31173.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[153]
Marisco CastleKeep and bailey1243 !c. 1243RestoredMariscocastle.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgRestored in 1643.[154]
Okehampton CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryFragmentary remainsOkehampton Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[155]
Plympton CastleMotte and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsPlympton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 103022.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[156]
Powderham CastleFortified manor house1301 !14–16th centuryRestoredPowderham Castle 02.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Earl of Devon
Remodelled in the 18th and 19th centuries.[157]
Rougemont Castle (Exeter)Castle1001 !11–12th centuryFragmentsRougemont Castle gatehouse, 2010.jpgWedding venueMedieval fragments survive with later buildings.[158]
Salcombe CastleArtillery fort1540 !1540sRuinsSalcombecastle.JPGHAL !UKAL icon.svgRefortified in 1643–45.[159]
Tiverton CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14th centuryPartly habitableTiverton , Tiverton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1287124.jpgHH !HH icon.svg16th-century house built within the castle.[160]
Totnes CastleShell keep1001 !11–14th centuryRuinsTotnes Castle1.JPGEH !EH icon.svgWell-preserved keep on high motte.[161]
Watermouth CastleNeo-romantic castle1825 !1825–45IntactWatermouth Bay and Castle, Devon - geograph.org.uk - 1534396.jpgTheme park[162]

Dorset[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Brownsea CastleCastellated house1501 !16–19th centuryIntactBrownsea Castle, Brownsea Island, Poole, Dorset.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgIncorporates part of a 16th-century Henrician Castle.[163]
Christchurch CastleMotte and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryFragmentary remainsChristchurch Castle two walls.JPGEH !EH icon.svgHall house known as Constable's House survives, with rare Norman chimney.[164]
Corfe CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryExtensive ruinsCorfe Castle - geograph.org.uk - 349316.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgBesieged and slighted during the English Civil War.[165]
Lulworth CastleSham castle1610 !c. 1610RestoredLulworth Castle in 1999.jpgEH !EH icon.svgHunting lodge, gutted by fire 1929.[166]
Pennsylvania CastleNeo-romantic castle1801 !1800IntactPennsylvania Castle - geograph.org.uk - 527899.jpgPrivateOn the Isle of Portland, built for John Penn to designs by James Wyatt.[167]
Portland CastleArtillery fort1539 !1539IntactUk dor portcastle.JPGEH !EH icon.svgPrivate residence 1816–70.[168]
Rufus CastleCastle1401 !15th centuryRuinsRufus Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1305386.jpgPrivateAlso known as Bow and Arrow Castle.[169]
Sherborne Old CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryRuinsSherborne Old Castle 02.jpgEH !EH icon.svgReplaced by 16–17th house which became known as Sherborne Castle.[170]
Woodsford CastleFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryHabitableWoodsford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 924711.jpgLandmark Trust[171]

East Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Paull Holme TowerTower House1401 !15th centuryRuinsPaull Holme Tower - geograph.org.uk - 52138.jpgPrivateOriginally part of larger house, roofless.[172]
Skipsea CastleMotte and Bailey1001 !11th centuryEarthworksSkipsea Castle - geograph.org.uk - 79788.jpgEH !EH icon.svgWell-preserved earthworks.[173]
Wressle CastleQuadrangular castle1390 !1390RuinsWressle Castle.jpgPrivate, farmSouth range remains, inhabited until gutted by fire in 1796.[174]

East Sussex[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bodiam CastleQuadrangular castle1385 !c. 1385RuinsBodiam-castle-10My8-1197.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgWide moat.[175]
Camber CastleArtillery fort1540 !c. 1540RuinsCamber Castle - geograph.org.uk - 18765.jpgEH !EH icon.svg"Dismantled" 1642 after sea receded.[176]
Hastings CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentary ruinsHastingscastle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local Authority
Ruined by 1399.[177]
Herstmonceux CastleFortified mansion1401 !15th centuryRestoredHerstmonceux Castle.JPGQueen's UniversityBrick, interior dismantled in 1777, restored 20th century, former home of Royal Greenwich Observatory, now Study Centre.[178]
Lewes CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsLewes Castle keep.JPGEH !EH icon.svgUnusual in having two mottes[179]
Pevensey CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryRuinsPevensey castle-09.jpgEH !EH icon.svgCastle built within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore.[180]
Rye Castle (Ypres Tower)Tower House1250 !c. 1250IntactYpres Tower.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svgOriginally called Baddings Tower.[181]

Essex[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

Pleshey Castle is a good example of a motte-and-bailey castle: only earthworks and a medieval brick bridge remain.[182]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Colchester CastleTower keep1001 !11th centuryIntactColchester-castle.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svg
Local authority
Reduced in height in 17th century.[183]
Hadleigh CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentary remainsHadleigh Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[184]
Hedingham CastleTower keep1130 !1130–40Substantially intactThe Keep at Castle Hedingham - geograph.org.uk - 30510.jpgHH !HH icon.svgCastle demolished in the 17th century except for keep, well-preserved interior despite fire of 1954.[185]
Walden CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsWalden castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svgRemains of keep.[186]

Gloucestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Berkeley CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryIntactBerkeley Castle 03.jpgHH !HH icon.svgLargely unaltered until 1920s, when interior modernised by 8th Earl of Berkeley.[187]
Beverstone CastlePentagonal castle1201 !13–15th centuryRuinsBeverston Castle - geograph.org.uk - 148310.jpgNGS17th-century house built within ruins.[188]
St. Briavel's CastleKeep and bailey1201 !13th centuryHabitableSt Briavels Castle - geograph.org.uk - 520136.jpgEH !EH icon.svgYouth hostel.[189]
Sudeley CastleQuadrangular castle1401 !15th centuryRestoredSudeley Castle view from garden Oct07.jpgHH !HH icon.svgRestored as a country house in the 19th century.[190]
Thornbury CastleFortified house1511 !c. 1511Substantially intactThornbury.castle.from.church.arp.750pix.jpgHotelRestored in the 19th century.[191]

Greater London[edit]

Castles of which no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Tower of LondonConcentric castle1001 !11–13th centuryIntactTower of London, April 2006.jpgHistoric Royal PalacesWhite Tower built c. 1077–1100, curtain walls added in the 13th century, working portcullis.[192]

Greater Manchester[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Radcliffe TowerTower house1403 !1403FragmentRadcliffe tower hdr.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Ruinous tower formerly incorporated in timber house.[193]

Hampshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Calshot CastleArtillery fort1501 !16th centurySubstantially intactCalshot castle evening.JPGEH !EH icon.svgAltered in the 18–20th centuries, in use until 1961.[194]
Hurst CastleArtillery fort1501 !16th centurySubstantially intactHurst Castle west bastion 2.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRepaired and refortified in the 19th century.[195]
Netley CastleArtillery fort1501 !16–19th centuryRebuiltNetley Castle, 2008, 1.jpgConvalescent homeRemodelled and extended in 1885–90.[196]
Odiham CastleShell keep and bailey1201 !Early 13th centuryFragmentary ruinsOdiham Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Built by King John.[197]
Portchester CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryExtensive ruinsPortchester castle 04.jpgEH !EH icon.svgBuilt within surviving walls of Roman fort of the Saxon Shore.[28]
Southampton CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryFragmentsSouthampton Castle Wall alongside Castle Lane.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svgNorth bailey wall survives.[198]
Southsea CastleArtillery fort1501 !16th centuryRebuiltSouthsea castle from the east.JPGHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Altered several times.[199]
Winchester CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentWinchester Grand Hall.JPGHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Great hall survives, reroofed in 1873.[200]
Wolvesey CastleCastle1101 !12th centuryRuinsWolvesey Castle - Wymond's Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1316547.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[201]

Herefordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Ewyas Harold Castle is recorded in the Domesday Book and was probably built c. 1048.[202]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Brampton Bryan CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsPrivateGatehouse survives.[203]
Clifford CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentsClifford Castle ruins.jpgPrivateBuilding At Risk.[204]
Croft CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14th centuryRebuiltCroft Castle 2.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgConverted to a 16/17th-century house.[205]
Downton CastleNeo-romantic castle1774 !c. 1774–78IntactDownton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1306113.jpgPrivateAltered and extended in 1860–70.[206]
Eastnor CastleNeo-romantic castle1811 !1811–20IntactEastnor Castle 03.jpgHH !HH icon.svgBy Robert Smirke.[207]
Goodrich CastleConcentric castle1101 !12–13th centuryRuinsGoodrich Castle 01.jpgEH !EH icon.svgPartly demolished during English Civil War.[208]
Hampton CourtFortified manor house1427 !1427IntactHamptonCourtHerefordshire cropped.jpgHH !HH icon.svgRemodelled in 1830–40s.[209]
Kentchurch CourtFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryFragmentHH !HH icon.svgMedieval tower and gateway survive, remainder largely rebuilt by Nash 1795–1807.[210]
Kinnersley CastleCastle1301 !MedievalRebuiltKinnersley Castle.jpgHH !HH icon.svg16–17th-century house on the site of a medieval castle.[211]
Longtown CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsLongtown Castle - geograph.org.uk - 392612.jpgEH !EH icon.svgCircular keep.[212]
Pembridge CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryPartly habitablePembridge Castle.jpgPrivateReconstructed 20th century.[213]
Snodhill CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsGeograph-2203637-by-Trevor-Rickard cropped.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svg[214]
Treago CastleFortified manor house1401 !15–16th centuryRestoredTreago-Castle-375001 13a17522-by-Tony-Bailey.jpgPrivateAltered in the 17–19th centuries.[215]
Wigmore CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsEntrance to Wigmore Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1248482.jpgEH !EH icon.svgPartly dismantled in 1643.[216]
Wilton CastleCastle1201 !13th centuryFragmentary ruinsWinter view of Wilton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1169638.jpgHC !CL icon.svgRemains incorporated in a 19th-century house.[217]

Hertfordshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Berkhamsted CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsBerkhamsted Castle Jan 2007.jpgEH !EH icon.svgUnoccupied since 1495.[218]
Hertford CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryFragmentsHertford Castle.jpgLocal authority15th-century gatehouse survives, altered and extended in the 18–20th centuries.[219]

Isle of Wight[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Carisbrooke CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centurySubstantially intactCarisbrooke Castle gate 2.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRefortified in 1590s as artillery fortress, former seat of the Governor of the Isle of Wight.[220]
Norris CastleNeo-romantic castle1801 !c. 1800IntactNorris Castle - East Cowes - geograph.org.uk - 545339.jpgPrivateGothic Revival, by James Wyatt.[221]
Yarmouth CastleArtillery fort1547 !1547Substantially intactYarmouth Castle.JPGEH !EH icon.svgAltered in the 17th century.[222]
West Cowes CastleArtillery fort1501 !16–19th centuryRebuiltCowes iw esplanade cropped.jpgRoyal Yacht SquadronFragments of a 16th-century structure incorporated in a later building.[223]

Isles of Scilly[edit]

Castles of which only vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Cromwell's CastleArtillery tower1651 !1651Substantially intactCromwell's Castle - Scilly - geograph.org.uk - 15726.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[224]
Star CastleArtillery fort1593 !1593IntactStar Castle - geograph.org.uk - 615094.jpgHotelImportant and complete example of Elizabethan fort.[225]

Kent[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Allington CastleFortified house1201 !13–14th centuryRestoredAllington Castle.jpgWedding venueRestored in 1905–1929.[226]
Canterbury CastleTower keep1101 !12th centuryRuinsCanterbury Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local Authority
Demolished in 1792.[227]
Chiddingstone CastleNeo-romantic castle19 !19th centuryIntactChiddingstone Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1260148.jpgHH !HH icon.svg17th-century building converted to a castle in the 19th century.[228]
Chilham CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryIntactChilham Castle from Soleshill Road - geograph.org.uk - 403663 cropped.jpgNGSKeep survives with Jacobean house.[229]
Cooling CastleKeep and bailey1380 !1380sPart ruinedCooling Castle Gateway - geograph.org.uk - 1067812.jpgWedding venueWell-preserved gatehouse survives, barns used for events.[230]
Deal CastleArtillery fort1501 !16th centuryIntactDeal Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgFormerly residence of Captain of the Cinque Ports.[231]
Dover CastleConcentric castle1101 !12–13th centuryIntactKeep and entrance of Dover Castle, 2007.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAdapted for modern warfare 18–19th centuries.[232]
Eynsford CastleCastle1101 !12th centuryFragmentary ruinsEynsford Castle, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 40563.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[233]
Hever CastleFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryRestoredHever Castle 10.JPGHH !HH icon.svgRestored early 19th century, working portcullis.[234]
Kingsgate CastleNeo-romantic castle1701 !18–19th centuryIntactKingsgate Castle and Kingsgate Bay - geograph.org.uk - 1474011.jpgPrivate apartmentsBuilt c. 1760, rebuilt late 19th century.[235]
Leeds CastleCastle1101 !12–15th centuryRestoredCastle Leeds1 cz.jpgHH !HH icon.svgExtensively rebuilt in 1822 and 1926.[236]
Leybourne CastleCastle1201 !13th centuryFragmentary ruinsGeograph-2055172-by-Nigel-Chadwick.jpgPrivate16th-century house partly incorporating ruins, rebuilt in 1931.[237]
Lullingstone CastleSemi-fortified house1543 !1543–80FragmentLullingstone Castle Gatehouse - geograph.org.uk - 609440.jpgHH !HH icon.svg16th-century gatehouse incorporated into a later house.[238]
Lympne CastleFortified house1201 !13–14th centuryRestoredLympne Castle - geograph.org.uk - 57817.jpgWedding venueRestored and extended in 1907–12.[239]
Penshurst PlaceFortified manor house1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentPenshurst Place - geograph.org.uk - 841026.jpgHH !HH icon.svgRemodelled in the 19th century, single tower and stretch of wall survive from fortifications of c. 1400.[240]
Rochester CastleTower keep1127 !1127RuinsRochester castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgKeep 125 ft (38 m) high to top of turrets.[241][242]
St Leonard's Tower, West MallingTower keep1080 !1080RuinsSt leonards tower.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[243]
Saltwood CastleCastle1101 !12–14th centuryPart restoredGeograph-2161159-by-David-Anstiss.jpgPrivate[244]
Sandgate CastleArtillery fort1539 !1539–40Substantially intactSandgate Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1412667.jpgPrivateAltered in 1805–06.[245]
Scotney CastleFortified manor house1378 !1378–80FragmentScotney Castle .jpgENT !NTE icon.svgSingle surviving tower incorporated in later house.[246]
Sissinghurst CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryRebuiltSissinghurst Castle 09.JPGENT !NTE icon.svgNo fortifications remaining.[247]
Starkey CastleManor house1301 !14th centuryFragmentStarkey Castle from Footpath - geograph.org.uk - 1062154.jpgPrivateFine medieval hall-house remains from possibly fortified manor house.[248]
Stone CastleTower1101 !12th centuryIntactStone Castle - geograph.org.uk - 893976.jpgWedding venueMedieval tower incorporated in building of 1825.[249]
Sutton Valence CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsSutton Valence Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1015834.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[250]
Tonbridge CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentTonbridgeCastle0018.JPGHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Gatehouse survives.[251]
Upnor CastleArtillery fort1559 !1559–67, 1599–1601Substantially intactUpnor Castle 01.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[252]
Walmer CastleArtillery fort1539 !1539IntactWalmer Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1407476.jpgEH !EH icon.svgResidence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports from 18th century.[253]
Westenhanger CastleFortified manor house1343 !c. 1343FragmentWestenhanger Castle - geograph.org.uk - 889584.jpgWedding venue18th-century farmouse built within ruins.[254]

Lancashire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Ashton HallTower house1301 !14–19th centuryIntactAshton Hall, south tower - geograph.org.uk - 1674506.jpgLancaster Golf ClubNear Stodday, 14th-century tower incorporated into a later building.[255]
Borwick HallPele tower1301 !14th centuryIntactGeograph-2173255-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgOutdoor education centreIncorporated in mainly 16th-century building.[256]
Clitheroe CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryRuinsClitheroe Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1100108.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[257]
Hornby CastleKeep1201 !13th centuryFragmentHornby Castle, Lancashire (3).jpgPrivateKeep rebuilt early 16th century, incorporated into a 18–19th-century house.[258]
Lancaster CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryIntactLancaster Castle Ashton Memorial.JPGHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Prison from 1745, 20th-century Shire Hall replaced medieval buildings, now Crown Court.[259]
Thurland CastleFortified manor house1301 !14–15th centuryRebuiltGeograph-1896885-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgPrivate apartmentsNear Tunstall, ruins rebuilt in 1879–85.[31]
Turton TowerPele tower1401 !15th centuryIntactTurton Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1442216.jpgHH !HH icon.svgIncorporated in later building.[260]

Leicestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Ashby de la Zouch CastleKeep1101 !12–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsAshbycastle.JPGEH !EH icon.svgFortified manor converted to castle in 1474, slighted during English Civil War.[261]
Belvoir CastleNeo-romantic castle1601 !17–19th centuryIntactBelvoir Castle Leicestershire.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Duke of Rutland
Rebuilt in 1655–68 incorporating fragments of medieval castle, remodelled in 1801–30.[22]
Kirby Muxloe CastleQuadrangular castle1480 !1480–3Fragmentary ruinsKirby Muxloe 2.jpgEH !EH icon.svgUnfinished.[262]
Leicester CastleCastle1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentsLeicester Castle Yard south gateway.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Great hall survives, much altered.[263]

Lincolnshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Goltho Castle was built on the site of a Saxon fortified dwelling of c.850, established by excavation.[264]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bolingbroke CastleEnclosure castle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsOld-Bolingbroke-Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgSlighted after brief siege in 1643.[265]
Grimsthorpe CastleCastle1201 !13th centuryFragmentGrimsthorpe Castle during an event - geograph.org.uk - 1129067.jpgHH !HH icon.svgRemodelled in 18th and 19th centuries, retains a 13th-century south-east tower.[266]
Hussey TowerTower house1301 !14–15th centuryRuinsHussey Tower, Boston, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 62845.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[267]
Kyme TowerCastle1301 !14th centuryFragmentSouth Kyme Tower - geograph.org.uk - 625619.jpgPrivate[268]
Lincoln CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–13th centurySubstantially intactLincoln Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local Authority
Double motte and bailey.[269]
Rochford TowerFortified house1401 !15–16th centuryFragmentThe Rochford Tower, Boston, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 148581.jpgPrivate2 miles east of Boston.[270]
Somerton CastleQuadrangular castle1281 !1281–1305FragmentSomerton Castle-Geograph-1055631-by-Richard-Croft.jpgPrivateSingle tower survives, adjoining a 17th-century building.[271]
Tattershall CastleTower1430 !1430sIntactTattershall castle keep.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgBrick tower built for Ralph Cromwell, restored in 1911–25 by Lord Curzon.[272]
Torksey CastleSemi-fortified house1501 !16th centuryFragmentary ruinsTorksey Castle - geograph.org.uk - 47205.jpgPrivateSlighted during English Civil War.[273]

Merseyside[edit]

Castles of which no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Brimstage HallTower house1398 !c. 1398Substantially intactBrimstage Hall - geograph.org.uk - 405620.jpgCrafts centreTower incorporated in later building of 16th and 19th centuries.[274]
Leasowe CastleSham castle1501 !16–19th centuryIntactLeasowe Castle.jpgHotelBuilt in 1593, extended in 1600–42 and the 19th century.[275]

Norfolk[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

The surviving motte of Thetford Castle is one of the highest in England,[276] about 80 ft (24 m) high.[277]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Baconsthorpe CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryFragmentary ruinsBaconsthorpe Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[278]
Burgh CastleMotte and bailey1101 !12th centuryNo visible remainsThe Roman fort of Gariannonum - view northwest - geograph.org.uk - 693481.jpgEH !EH icon.svg / Norfolk Archaeological TrustSite of medieval motte and bailey castle within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore.[279]
Caister CastleQuadrangular castle1432 !1432–46Fragmentary ruinsCaister Castle - geograph.org.uk - 808658.jpgHC !CL icon.svgMoated, largely brick, built by John Fastolf, a relatively intact 90 ft (27 m) tower remains.[280]
Castle Acre CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryFragmentary remainsCastle Acre - geograph.org.uk - 578483.jpgEH !EH icon.svgExtensive earthworks.[281]
Castle Rising CastleKeep1138 !c. 1138RuinsCastle-rising-castle.JPGEH !EH icon.svg[282]
Claxton CastleCastle1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsClaxton Castle.jpgPrivate[283]
Norwich CastleKeep1095 !c. 1095–1110IntactNorwich Castle - geograph.org.uk - 208494.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svgPrison during 18–19th centuries.[284]
Oxburgh HallFortified manor house1482 !c. 1482IntactOxburgh Hall 20080719-05.jpgHH !HH icon.svg18th- and 19th-century additions.[285]
Weeting CastleFortified manor house1001 !12th centuryFragmentary ruinsWeeting Castle - geograph.org.uk - 2377269.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[286]

Northamptonshire[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Fotheringhay Castle was the scene of the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587.[287]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Astwell CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryFragmentAstwell castle, Northhamptonshire.jpgPrivate, farmGatehouse survives alongside a 17th-century house.[288]
Barnwell CastleRectangular castle1266 !c. 1266RuinsBarnwell Castle1.jpgPrivate[289]
Rockingham CastleMotte and bailey1201 !13–19th centuryRebuiltRockingham Castle entrance.jpgHH !HH icon.svg13th century gatehouse survives, largely rebuilt in the 16th century, remodelled in 1660 and by Anthony Salvin in 19th century.[290]
Thorpe Waterville CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryFragmentPrivateGreat hall with fine open roof survives, altered for use as a barn.[291]

Northumberland[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Alnham Vicars PelePele tower1301 !14th centuryRestoredThe Vicars Pele, Alnham - geograph.org.uk - 1202709 cropped.jpgPrivate[292]
Alnwick CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRestoredAlnwick Castle 02.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Duke of Northumberland
Remodelled by Robert Adam and Anthony Salvin.[293]
Aydon CastleFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryIntactAydon Castle 2.jpgEH !EH icon.svgConverted to farmhouse 17th century.[294]
Bamburgh CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRestoredBamburgh 2006 closeup.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Lord Armstrong
Ruinous by 1704, extensively restored in 1894–1904.[21]
Barmoor CastleTower house1301 !14–19th centuryRebuiltBarmoor Castle - geograph.org.uk - 779515.jpgPrivate19th-century mansion incorporating remains of a 14th-century building.[295]
Beaufront CastleNeo-romantic castle1836 !1836–1841IntactBeaufront Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1463944.jpgPrivate19th-century mansion on the site of a 15th-century tower house.[296]
Bellister CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentary remainsGeograph-2067586-by-Mike-Quinn.jpgPrivateRuins adjoining a 17th-century house.[297]
Belsay CastleTower house1439 !1439–60IntactSouth frontage of Belsay Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1383674.jpgEH !EH icon.svgLater ruined building attached.[298]
Berwick CastleCastle1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsBerwick Castle - geograph.org.uk - 768511.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[299]
Bitchfield CastlePele tower1301 !14th centuryRestoredPrivateIncorporated in later mansion.[300]
Blenkinsop CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryRuinsBlenkinsopp - geograph.org.uk - 445936.jpgPrivateIncorporated into a 19th-century house.[301]
Bothal CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryRebuiltBothal Castle.jpgPrivateExtensively restored in the 19th century.[302]
Bywell CastleCastle1401 !15th centuryFragmentsBywell Castle.jpgPrivateGatehouse survives.[303]
Callaly CastlePele tower1301 !14–15th centuryIntactSheep Pasture in the Grounds of Callaly Castle - geograph.org.uk - 149295 (cropped).jpgPrivate apartmentsIncorporated in later country house.[304]
Cartington CastlePele tower and extensions1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentary remainsPrivate[305]
Chillingham CastleQuadrangular castle1344 !1344IntactChillingham Castle 011.jpgHH !HH icon.svgAltered in the 17–19th centuries, restored after 1982.[306]
Chipchase CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryIntactChipchase Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1255527.jpgHH !HH icon.svgIncorporated in Jacobean house, altered in the 18–19th centuries.[307]
Cocklaw TowerTower house1301 !14–15th centuryShellCocklaw Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1176584.jpgPrivate, farmNear Wall.[308]
Cockle Park TowerTower house1517 !c. 1517Substantially intactCockle Park - geograph.org.uk - 93673.jpgNewcastle University[309]
Corbridge Vicar's PelePele tower1318 !1318IntactCorbridge Vicar's Pele 105.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svgRe-roofed in 1910.[310]
Coupland CastleTower house1501 !16–17th centuryRestoredCoupland Castle.jpgPrivateLater additions.[311]
Craster TowerPele tower1301 !14–15th centuryIntactHoliday accommodationIncorporated in later building.[312]
Crawley TowerPele tower1301 !14th centuryRuinsCrawley Tower - geograph.org.uk - 330608.jpgPrivateA cottage was built within the walls in the 18th century.[313]
Cresswell CastlePele tower1401 !15th centuryRuinCresswell Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1163700.jpg18th century-parapet.[314]
Dilston CastleTower house1401 !15th centuryRuinsDilston Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svgAltered in the 16–17th century, later buildings demolished.[315]
Dunstanburgh CastleKeep and bailey1301 !14th centuryFragmentary ruinsGatehouse and curtain wall of Dunstanburgh Castle, 2009.jpgEH !EH icon.svgSpectacular coastal setting.[316]
Edlingham CastleKeep and bailey1301 !14th centuryFragmentary ruinsEdlingham Castle - Northumberland - England - 2004-10-31.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[317]
Elsdon TowerPele tower1501 !16th centuryIntactElsdon Tower - geograph.org.uk - 374282 cropped.jpgPrivateAltered, rectory until 1960, restored in the 1990s.[318]
Embleton TowerPele tower1301 !14th centuryIntactGeograph-2151295-by-Alexander-P-Kapp cropped.jpgPrivate19th-century vicarage attached.[319]
Etal CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryFragmentary ruinsEtal Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1254407.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[320]
Featherstone CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryIntactFeatherstone Castle.jpgPrivate14th-century tower, three further towers added in the 18–19th century.[321]
Ford CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14th centurySubstantially intactFord Castle - geograph.org.uk - 354895.jpgPrivateConverted into mansion in the 17th century.[322]
Halton CastleTower house1201 !13–14th centuryIntactHalton Castle, Northumberland 124.jpgPrivateAttached to later house.[323]
Harbottle CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsHarbottle castle - geograph.org.uk - 583589.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svg
Northumberland National Park
Captured by Robert Bruce in 1318.[324]
Haughton CastleTower house1201 !13–14th centuryRestoredHaughton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1272590.jpgPrivateAltered in the 18–19th centuries.[325]
Hexham Moot Hall and Old GaolFortified towers1301 !14–15th centuryIntactThe Moot Hall and the Old Gaol - geograph.org.uk - 530386.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svgProbably once connected by bailey wall, AD1415 list of castles has "Turris de Hexham".[326][327]
Horsley Tower, LonghorsleyPele tower1501 !16th centuryIntactHorsley Tower - geograph.org.uk - 626935.jpgPrivate[328]
Langley CastleTower house1350 !c. 1350RestoredLangley Castle.jpgHotelRestored in the 1890s.[329]
Lemmington HallTower house1401 !15th centuryRestoredLemmington Hall - rear.jpgWedding venueIncorporated in later house.[330]
Lindisfarne CastleArtillery fort1501 !16th centuryRestoredLindisfarneCastleHolyIsland.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgRemodelled by Edwin Lutyens 1901.[331]
Mitford CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsMitford Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[332]
Morpeth CastleCastle1342 !1342–9FragmentsMorpeth Castle Gatehouse.jpgLandmark TrustOnly gatehouse and a section of wall remain.[333]
Norham CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryRuinsNorham Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgKeep remodelled in 1422–25, partly rebuilt in 1513–15.[334]
Preston Tower, EllinghamPele tower1401 !c. 1400FragmentPreston Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1192634.jpgHC !CL icon.svgSouth wall remains, with two of the original four turrets.[335]
Prior Castell's TowerTower house1401 !15–16th centurySubstantially intactPele Tower, Inner Farne Island - geograph.org.uk - 2010838.jpgENT !NTE icon.svg[336]
Prudhoe CastleCastle1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsPrudhoe Castle 2.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[337]
Shilbottle TowerPele tower1401 !15th centuryRestoredGeograph-2156100-by-Alexander-P-Kapp cropped.jpgPrivateIncorporated into a vicarage.[338]
Shortflatt TowerPele tower1301 !14–15th centuryRestoredWedding venueIncorporated in later house.[339]
Thirlwall CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryFragmentary ruinsThirlwall Castle - geograph.org.uk - 127117.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svg
Northumberland National Park
Built with stone from Hadrian's Wall.[340]
Warkworth CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsWarkworth Castle interior, 2007.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[341]
Whittingham TowerPele tower1201 !13–14th centuryRestoredWhittingham Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1332545.jpgPrivateConverted for use as almshouses in 1845.[342]
Whitton TowerPele tower1386 !c. 1386IntactHoliday accommodationNear Rothbury, well-preserved.[343]
Willimoteswick CastleFortified manor house1501 !16th centuryRuinsWillimoteswick Bastle, Haltwhistle - geograph.org.uk - 124371.jpgPrivate, farmIncorporates remains of earlier building, largely rebuilt in 1900.[344]

North Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Ayton CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentAyton Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
[345]
Barden TowerCastle1401 !15th centuryRuinsBarden Tower - geograph.org.uk - 38331.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[346]
Bolton CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14th centuryRuinsBolton Castle.JPGHC !CL icon.svgBesieged and slighted during English Civil War.[347]
Cawood CastleQuadrangular castle1374 !1374–88FragmentsCawood Castle.jpgLandmark TrustLargely demolished in 1750, gatehouse survives.[348]
Clifford's TowerKeep1201 !13th centuryRestoredCliffordstower1.jpgEH !EH icon.svgReduced in height 1596.[349]
Crayke CastleTower house1401 !15th centuryRestoredPrivate18th- and 19th-century additions and alterations.[350]
Danby CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14th centuryFragmentary ruinsDanby Castle Ruins - geograph.org.uk - 146101.jpgPrivate, farmPartly used as farm buildings.[351]
Gilling CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryIntactSt. Martin's Ampleforth School16th- and 18th-century additions and alterations.[352]
Hazlewood CastleCastle1201 !13–18th centuryRebuiltHazlewood Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1752647.jpgHotelAltered in the 18th and 20th centuries, formerly Carmelite retreat centre.[353]
Hellifield PeelTower house1301 !14–15th centuryRestoredHellifield Peel - geograph.org.uk - 640957.jpgHotelRestored 2005.[354]
Helmsley CastleCastle1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsHelmsley Castle3.jpgEH !EH icon.svgSeverely slighted in 1645.[355]
Hornby CastleCourtyard castle1301 !14–15th centuryRestoredHornby castle 2932 large.jpgPrivateConverted to country house by John Carr, 18th century.[356]
Knaresborough CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsKnaresborough Castle ruins.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Duchy of Lancaster
[357]
Marmion TowerFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryFragmentMarmion Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1690757.jpgEH !EH icon.svgSurviving gatehouse of Tanfield Castle.[358]
Middleham CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsMiddlehamCJW.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[359]
(Old) Mulgrave CastleEnclosure castle1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsEastern Guard Tower, Mulgrave Castle - geograph.org.uk - 401799.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Marquess of Normanby
Superseded by 18–19th-century castellated mansion also known as Mulgrave Castle.[360]
Nappa HallFortified manor house1459 !1459IntactGeograph-1809781-by-Peter-McDermott.jpgPrivateEnlarged in the 17th century, little altered since.[361]
Pickering CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsPickeringCastle.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[362]
Ravensworth CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryFragmentary remainsRavensworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1709271.jpgPrivate[363]
Richmond CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryRuinsThe Keep at Richmond Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgKeep 100 ft (30 m) high.[364]
Ripley CastleTower house1401 !15–16th centuryRebuiltRipley Castle - geograph.org.uk - 778601.jpgHH !HH icon.svgExtended in 1783–36 in Gothic Revival style.[365]
Scarborough CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryRuinsScarborough Castle 3.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[366]
Sheriff Hutton CastleQuadrangular castle1382 !1382Fragmentary ruinsSheriff Hutton Castle. - geograph.org.uk - 1036360.jpgPrivate[367]
Skelton CastleCastellated house1201 !13–19th centuryIntactSkelton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 92653.jpgPrivate18–19th-century house incorporates remains of medieval castle.[368]
Skipton CastleCastle1101 !12–17th centuryRestoredSkipton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1202627.jpgHH !HH icon.svgPartly demolished in 1649, rebuilt in 1657–58.[369]
Snape CastleCastle1401 !15–18th centuryPartly ruinedSnape Castle.jpgPrivateMostly reconstructed in the 17th century.[370]
South Cowton CastleTower house1401 !15th centuryRestoredCowton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1104614 cropped.jpgPrivateAltered in the 19th century, farmhouse.[371]
Spofforth CastleFortified manor house1201 !13–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsSpofforth Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svg[372]
Whorlton CastleCastle1301 !14–16th centuryFragmentary ruinsWhorlton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 517497.jpgHC !CL icon.svgRemains of gatehouse.[373]
Wilton CastleNeo-romantic castle1810 !c. 1810IntactGeograph-2264814-by-Paul-Buckingham.jpgPrivate apartmentsBy Smirke on site of medieval castle.[374]

Nottinghamshire[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Halloughton Manor HousePele tower1301 !14th centuryIntactPrivateAttached to later building.[375]
Newark CastleCastle1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsNewark Castle - geograph.org.uk - 72078.jpgHC !CL icon.svg / Newark District CouncilGatehouse, part of curtain wall and a tower remain.[376]
Nottingham CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsNottingham Castle Gate 2009.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svg
Nottingham City Council
Demolished in 1651, later mansion on site, a much-restored 14th-century gatehouse remains.[377]

Oxfordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bampton CastleQuadrangular castle1315 !c. 1315FragmentPrivateParts of gatehouse and curtain wall survive in later house, Ham Court.[378]
Broughton CastleFortified manor house1301 !14–15th centuryIntactBroughton Castle entrance - geograph.org.uk - 1464252.jpgHH !HH icon.svgRemodelled in the 15–18th centuries.[379]
Hanwell CastleCastellated house1401 !15–16th centuryFragmentPrivateLarge surviving tower of unfortified building.[380]
Oxford CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryFragmentTidmarsh Lane - geograph.org.uk - 1621185 cropped.jpgHotelMotte and the unusual, possibly Saxon, St. George's Tower.[381]
Rotherfield Greys CastleFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryFragmentGeograph-1781792-by-don-cload.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgTowers and section of wall survive, close to Greys Court.[382]
Shirburn CastleQuadrangular castle1378 !c. 1378RebuiltPrivateOriginally stone, largely rebuilt in brick c. 1720, remodelled in the 19th century.[383]
Wallingford CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsWallingford castle 3 - geograph.org.uk - 920481.jpgHC !CL icon.svgSlighted in 1652, impressive earthworks remain.[384]

Rutland[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Oakham CastleMotte and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentOakham Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg / Rutland County CouncilAisled great hall built in 1180–1190 survives.[385]

Shropshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Acton Burnell CastleFortified manor house1201 !13th centuryRuinsActonBurnellCastlec.jpgEH !EH icon.svgShell, used as a barn in the 18th century.[386]
Alberbury CastleCastle1201 !13th centuryFragmentary remainsAlberbury Castle.jpgHAL !UKAL icon.svg[387]
Bridgnorth CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsBridgnorth castle DSC00377.JPGHC !CL icon.svgSlighted in 1645.[388]
Broncroft CastleFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryIntactBroncroft Castle - geograph.org.uk - 148456.jpgPrivateRenovated in the 19th century.[389]
Cheney Longville CastleFortified manor house1301 !14–17th centuryPart habitablePrivateBuilding At Risk.[390]
Clun CastleKeep and bailey1201 !13th centuryFragmentary remainsClun Castle 03.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRuins of keep built onto side of motte.[391]
Hopton CastleKeep and bailey1301 !14th centuryRuinsHopton Castle.jpgHC !CL icon.svg[392]
Ludlow CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryRuinsLudlow Castle from Whitcliffe, 2011.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Earl of Powis
One of the great Welsh border castles.[393]
Moreton Corbet CastleKeep1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsMoretoncorbet2c.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAdjoining ruins of a 16th-century building.[394]
Quatford CastleNeo-romantic castle1830 !c. 1830IntactQuatford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 423490.jpgPrivateNearby are earthwork remains of the medieval Quatford Castle.[395]
Red CastleCastle1201 !13th centuryFragmentary remains.HC !CL icon.svgAdapted as a feature of Hawkstone Park, an 18th-century landscape garden. Building At Risk.[396]
Rowton CastleSham castle1701 !18–19th centuryIntactRowton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 630094.jpgHotelOn site of medieval castle, remodelled in 1809–12 by George Wyatt.[397]
Shrewsbury CastleCastle1101 !12th centuryRebuiltShrewsbury Castle looking NW - geograph.org.uk - 2808.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svg
Shropshire Council
Restored and extended in 1642, altered c. 1790 by Telford.[398]
Stokesay CastleFortified manor house1201 !13–14th centuryIntactExterior of Stokesay Castle, 2006.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRestored in the 19th century.[399]
Wattlesborough CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentWattlesborough Hall - geograph.org.uk - 757775.jpgPrivateNear Rowton, keep/tower survives, adjoining Wattlesborough Hall.[400]
Whittington CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentsWhittington Castle 04.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local community
Gatehouse towers survive.[401]

Somerset[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Banwell CastleNeo-romantic castle1848 !c. 1848IntactBanwell Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1126175.jpgRestaurantArchitect not known.[402]
Beckington Castle1601 !17th centuryRebuiltBeckington Castle - geograph.org.uk - 814491.jpgCompany HQMedieval remains incorporated in later building.[403]
Dunster CastleCastle1201 !13–19th centuryRebuiltDunster Castle.jpgENT !NTE icon.svgExisting house dates largely from c. 1571, with 18–19th-century alterations.[404]
Farleigh Hungerford CastleEnclosure castle1301 !14–15th centuryRuinsFarleigh Hungerford Castle gate.JPGEH !EH icon.svgOn high ground above the River Frome.[405]
Newton St Loe CastleFortified manor house1301 !14th centuryFragmentCastle Keep in Newton St. Loe College - geograph.org.uk - 642177 cropped.jpgBath Spa UniversityLarge tower and gatehouse, altered in the 16–17th century.[406]
Nunney CastleQuadrangular castle1373 !1373RuinsNunney Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1214430.jpgEH !EH icon.svgTowers originally had conical roofs, north wall collapsed in 1910.[407]
Stogursey CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryFragmentary remainsStogursey Castle - geograph.org.uk - 878178.jpgLandmark Trust17th-century house built within the remains of the castle.[408]
Sutton CourtFortified manor house1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentSutton Court.JPGPrivate apartmentsShort length of embattled wall and a tower survive, incorporated in large house, restored in the 19th century.[409]
Taunton CastleShell keep1201 !13th centuryRestoredTaunton Castle.JPGHM !Museum icon (red).svgNow houses the Museum of Somerset, Castle Hotel incorporates remains of an outer gatehouse.[410]
Walton CastleSham castle1615 !1615–20RestoredWalton Castle.jpgPrivateRestored as private house 20th century.[411]
Wells Bishop's PalaceFortified palace1201 !13–15th centurySubstantially intactGatehouse to Bishop's Palace at Wells - geograph.org.uk - 916441.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Church of England
Adjacent to cathedral, residence of the Bishop of Bath and Wells.[412]

South Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Conisbrough CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centuryRuinsConisbrough Castle Doncaster winter time.jpgEH !EH icon.svgCylindrical keep, castle ruinous before English Civil War, so escaped slighting.[413]
Tickhill CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–14th centuryFragmentary remainsTickhill Castle - geograph.org.uk - 297181 cropped.jpgPrivateRuined gatehouse and parts of curtain walls remain.[414]

Staffordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Alton CastleCastle1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsAlton Castle.jpgYouth centreCliff-top position, site partly occupied by a 19th-century building.[415]
Caverswall CastleEnclosure castle1275 !c. 1275Substantially intactPrivateMoated, walls and towers reduced in height, a 17th-century mansion built within.[416]
Chartley CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsChartley Castle ruins 2.jpgPrivateAltered in 13th century to form enclosure castle, abandoned by 1485.[417]
Eccleshall CastleCastle1301 !14th centuryFragmentary remainsPrivateRemains partly incorporated into house of c. 1695, rebuilt in the 19th century.[418]
Stafford CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryEarthworksStafford Castle 2.jpgHC !CL icon.svg / Stafford Borough CouncilMedieval keep partly rebuilt in the 19th century, then partly demolished.[419]
Stourton CastleCastle1301 !14–15th centuryFragmentStourton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 196085.jpgPrivateRemains incorporated in later buildings.[420]
Tamworth CastleShell keep1001 !11–13th centuryRebuiltTamworth Castle 343714.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Largely rebuilt in the 16–18th centuries.[421]
Tutbury CastleMotte and bailey1101 !12–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsThe entrance to Tutbury Castle - geograph.org.uk - 632661.jpgHC !CL icon.svgSlighted in 1647–48, a 19th-century folly stands on the motte.[422]

Suffolk[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bungay CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsBungay - Castle Remains.jpgHC !CL icon.svg / Bungay Castle TrustAbandoned c. 1365.[423]
Clare CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11th centuryFragmentary remainsRemains of Clare castle keep - geograph.org.uk - 980544.jpgHC !CL icon.svgMotte 53 ft (16 m) high.[424]
Eye CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11th centuryFragmentary remainsEye Castle - geograph.org.uk - 712956.jpgHC !CL icon.svgMotte over 40 ft (12 m) high.[425]
Framlingham CastleEnclosure castle1101 !12th centuryRuinsFranglingham Castle 01.jpgEH !EH icon.svgUsed as a poor house in the 17–19th centuries.[426]
Mettingham CastleFortified manor house1342 !c. 1342Fragmentary remainsEntrance to Mettingham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 984718.jpgPrivateGatehouse survives.[427]
Orford CastleKeep1165 !1165–73Intact2008-05-17 GreatBritain OrfordCastle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgUnique polygonal keep survives.[428]
Wingfield CastleCastle1385 !c. 1385FragmentWingfield Castle - geograph.org.uk - 354164.jpgPrivateSouth curtain wall, gatehouse and east drawbridge survive, with a 16–17th-century house.[429]

Surrey[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Farnham CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12th centurySubstantially intactThe Great Keep, Farnham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 384015.jpgEH !EH icon.svgShell keep replaced earlier keep part buried, part remodelled in the 17th century.[430]
Guildford CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryRuinsGuildford castle 1.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Tower keep survives, roofless since c. 17th century.[431]

Tyne and Wear[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Hylton CastleTower house1401 !c. 1400RuinsHylton Castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgLarge gatehouse tower, incorporated into an 18th-century house, since demolished.[432]
Newcastle CastleKeep and bailey1172 !1172–77RestoredBlack Gate and Keep - Newcastle Upon Tyne - geograph.org.uk - 514240.jpgHC !CL icon.svg / Newcastle City CouncilKeep and gatehouse survive.[433]
Old HollinsideFortified manor house1201 !13th centuryRuinsOld Hollinside - geograph.org.uk - 853962.jpgOn slope overlooking River Derwent.[434]
Ravensworth CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14–19th centuryRuinsRavensworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1558897.jpgPrivateTwo towers of medieval castle survive, amidst ruins of later building. Building At Risk.[435]
Tynemouth CastleEnclosure castle1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsTynemouth Castle1.jpgEH !EH icon.svgBuilt to enclose and protect the priory, modified as artillery castle 16th century.[436]

Warwickshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Astley CastleFortified manor house1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsAstley Castle - geograph.org.uk - 480702.jpgLandmark TrustAltered in the 15–19th centuries, was a hotel until a fire in 1978. Building At Risk.[437]
Kenilworth CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–14th centuryRuinsKenilworth Castle from south-east, 2010.jpgEH !EH icon.svgAltered in the 16th century, slighted in 1650.[438]
Maxstoke CastleQuadrangular castle1301 !14–15th centurySubstantially intactMaxstoke Castle, 2010.jpgNGSMoated, domestic buildings of 15–19th centuries within curtain walls.[439]
Warwick CastleCastle1201 !13–15th centuryIntactWarwickCastle FromStMarysChurch 2.jpgHH !HH icon.svgGuy's tower rises 128 ft (39 m), 17th-century residential block, remodelled by Anthony Salvin after fire.[440]

West Midlands[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Dudley CastleKeep and bailey1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsDudley Castle -England-8.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Dudley Zoo
Slighted in 1647, then rebuilt and inhabited until destroyed by fire in 1750, partly restored in the 19th century.[441]

West Sussex[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Amberley CastleCastle1377 !1377–82Partly habitableAmberley castle.jpgHotelRemodelled in the 16th century and later, incorporates a 12th-century manor, working portcullis.[442]
Arundel CastleKeep and bailey1101 !12–13th centuryHeavily restoredArundel, the castle from the southeast - geograph.org.uk - 479538.jpgHH !HH icon.svg
Duke of Norfolk
Remodelled in 1791–1815 and 1890–1903.[443]
Bramber CastleKeep and bailey1001 !11–12th centuryFragmentary remainsBramber castle.jpgEH !EH icon.svgCommanding position, earthworks and fragment of wall remain.[444]
Halnaker HouseFortified manor house1201 !13–14th centuryRuinsGeograph-2104691-by-Colin-Smith.jpgPrivateAltered in the 18th century, fell into ruin 1880s, replaced by later house of same name.[445]

West Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Dobroyd CastleSham Castle1866 !1866–9IntactDobroyd Castle, Todmorden - geograph.org.uk - 94344.jpgActivity centreBy John Gibson.[446]
Harewood CastleTower house1301 !14th centuryRuinsPrivateShell of tower, substantially intact, within Harewood House estate.[447]
Pontefract CastleEnclosure castle1101 !12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsPontefract Castle Keep1.jpgHC !CL icon.svg
Local authority
Royal castle, withstood three sieges during English Civil War, afterwards dismantled.[448]
Sandal CastleMotte and bailey1101 !12th centuryFragmentary remainsSandalCastleMotte.jpgHC !CL icon.svgWell-preserved earthworks, excavated site with visitor centre.[449]

Wiltshire[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Devizes CastleNeo-romantic castle19 !19th centuryIntactEntrance, Devizes Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1022978.jpgPrivate apartmentsPresent building begun 1842 on site of important medieval castle.[450]
Longford CastleSham castle1591 !1591IntactLongford Castle rear.jpgEarl of RadnorRemodelled in the 18th century.[451]
Ludgershall CastleRingwork1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsLudgershall Castle - geograph.org.uk - 218171.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRemains of a tower and extensive earthworks.[452]
Old Sarum CastleMotte and bailey1001 !11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsOld Sarum Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1188552.jpgEH !EH icon.svgOn site of Iron Age hill fort.[453]
Old Wardour CastleCastle1393 !c. 1393RuinsOld Wardour Castle, Wiltshire - geograph.org.uk - 1758573.jpgEH !EH icon.svgRemodelled in the 16–17th centuries, superseded by Palladian building known as New Wardour Castle.[454]

Worcestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Caldwall CastleFortified manor house1401 !15–16th centuryFragmentGeograph-2058729-by-Richard-Rogerson cropped.jpgPrivateSingle surviving tower, in Kidderminster, Caldwall or Caldwell.[455]
Hartlebury CastleFortified manor house1401 !15th centuryRebuiltHartlebury Castle - geograph.org.uk - 419175.jpgHM !Museum icon (red).svg
Church of England
15th-century remains incorporated in later buildings, residence of Bishop of Worcester until 2007, houses Worcestershire County Museum.[456]
Holt CastleCastle1301 !14–19th centuryIntactHolt castle 850843 62546082.jpgWedding venueMedieval tower incorporated in later buildings.[457]
Worcester CastleCastle1201 !13–14th centuryFragmentThe Edgar Tower, Worcester - geograph.org.uk - 503034.jpgChurch of EnglandEdgar Tower, now the entrance to College Green, may incorporate the remains of a castle gatehouse.[458]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Key to sources


  1. ^ Brown (1962), p.16.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw King (1983).
  3. ^ Brown (1962), p.24.
  4. ^ Brown (1962), p.43.
  5. ^ Brown (1962), p.50.
  6. ^ Brown (1962), p.84
  7. ^ Higham & Barker (1992), pp.194–198.
  8. ^ Brown (1962), p.95.
  9. ^ Brown (1962), p.221.
  10. ^ Brown (1962), p.129.
  11. ^ Brown (1962), p.131.
  12. ^ Brown (1962), p.172.
  13. ^ Brown (1962), p.15.
  14. ^ Elton (1991), p.154.
  15. ^ Harrington (2007), p.8.
  16. ^ Brown (1962), p.128.
  17. ^ Harrington (2007), p.2.
  18. ^ a b "Pendennis Castle" PSC.
  19. ^ a b Brown (1962), p.146.
  20. ^ Creighton & Higham (2003), p.64.
  21. ^ a b "Bamburgh Castle" PSC.
  22. ^ a b c "Belvoir Castle" PSC.
  23. ^ Thompson (1987), pp.161–163.
  24. ^ Impey & Parnell (2000), pp.118–121.
  25. ^ a b "Peckforton Castle" BLB.
  26. ^ Renn (1984) pp.277–278. See King (1988), p.173 for how some people criticised the inclusion of Henry VIII's artillery forts in King's index of castles, Castellarium Anglicanum.
  27. ^ a b Pastscape
  28. ^ a b "Portchester Castle" PSC.
  29. ^ a b c Gatehouse
  30. ^ "Greystoke Castle " PSC.
  31. ^ a b "Thurland Castle" PSC.
  32. ^ a b c British Listed Buildings
  33. ^ a b "Corby Castle " PSC.
  34. ^ "Bedford Castle" PSC.
  35. ^ "Someries Castle" PSC.
  36. ^ "Donnington Castle" PSC.
  37. ^ "Windsor Castle" BLB.
  38. ^ "Boarstall Tower" PSC.
  39. ^ "Buckden Palace" PSC.
  40. ^ "Elton Hall" PSC.
  41. ^ "Kimbolton Castle" PSC.
  42. ^ "Kirtling Tower" PSC.
  43. ^ "Longthorpe Tower" PSC.
  44. ^ "Northborough Castle" PSC.
  45. ^ "Woodcroft Castle" PSC.
  46. ^ "Beeston Castle" PSC.
  47. ^ "Chester Castle" PSC.
  48. ^ "Cholmondeley Castle" BLB.
  49. ^ "Delves Hall" PSC.
  50. ^ "Halton Castle" PSC.
  51. ^ "Auckland Castle" PSC.
  52. ^ "Barnard Castle" PSC.
  53. ^ "Bowes Castle" PSC.
  54. ^ "Brancepeth Castle" PSC.
  55. ^ "Durham Castle" PSC.
  56. ^ "Lambton Castle" PSC.
  57. ^ "Lumley Castle" PSC.
  58. ^ "Mortham Tower" PSC.
  59. ^ "Raby Castle" PSC.
  60. ^ "Lambton Castle" PSC.
  61. ^ "Scargill Castle" PSC.
  62. ^ "Walworth Castle" PSC.
  63. ^ "Witton Castle" PSC.
  64. ^ "Caerhays Castle" PSC.
  65. ^ "Carn Brea Castle" PSC.
  66. ^ "Ince Castle" PSC.
  67. ^ "Launceston Castle" PSC.
  68. ^ "Pengersick Castle" PSC.
  69. ^ "Place House" PSC.
  70. ^ "Restormel Castle" PSC.
  71. ^ "St. Catherine's Castle" PSC.
  72. ^ "St. Mawes Castle" PSC.
  73. ^ "St. Michael's Mount" PSC.
  74. ^ "Tintagel Castle" PSC.
  75. ^ "Trematon Castle" PSC.
  76. ^ "Appleby Castle" PSC.
  77. ^ "Armathwaite Castle" PSC.
  78. ^ "Arnside Tower" PSC.
  79. ^ "Askerton Castle" PSC.
  80. ^ "Beetham Hall" PSC.
  81. ^ "Bewcastle Castle" PSC.
  82. ^ "Bewley Castle" PSC.
  83. ^ "Blencow Hall" PSC.
  84. ^ "Brackenburgh Old Tower" PSC.
  85. ^ "Brackenhill Tower" PSC.
  86. ^ "Branthwaite Hall" PSC.
  87. ^ "Brough Castle" PSC.
  88. ^ "Brougham Castle" PSC.
  89. ^ "Brougham Hall" PSC.
  90. ^ "Broughton Tower" PSC.
  91. ^ "Burneside Hall" PSC.
  92. ^ "Carlisle Castle" PSC.
  93. ^ "Catterlen Hall" PSC.
  94. ^ "Clifton Hall" PSC.
  95. ^ "Cockermouth Castle" PSC.
  96. ^ "Dacre Castle" PSC.
  97. ^ "Dalston Hall" PSC.
  98. ^ "Dalton Castle" PSC.
  99. ^ "Drawdykes Castle" PSC.
  100. ^ "Drumburgh Castle" PSC.
  101. ^ "Gleaston Castle" PSC.
  102. ^ "Greystoke Castle" PSC.
  103. ^ "Harbybrow Tower" PSC.
  104. ^ "Hayton Castle" PSC.
  105. ^ "Hazelslack Tower" PSC.
  106. ^ "Howgill Castle" PSC.
  107. ^ "Hutton-in-the-Forest" PSC.
  108. ^ "Hutton John" PSC.
  109. ^ "Ingmire Hall" PSC.
  110. ^ "Isel Hall" PSC.
  111. ^ "Kendal Castle" PSC.
  112. ^ "Kentmere Hall" PSC.
  113. ^ "Kirkandrews Tower" PSC.
  114. ^ "Linstock Castle" PSC.
  115. ^ "Lowther Castle" PSC.
  116. ^ "Middleton Hall" PSC.
  117. ^ "Millom Castle" PSC.
  118. ^ "Muncaster Castle" PSC.
  119. ^ "Naworth Castle" PSC.
  120. ^ "Newbiggin Hall" PSC.
  121. ^ "Pendragon Castle" PSC.
  122. ^ "Penrith Castle" PSC.
  123. ^ "Piel Castle" PSC.
  124. ^ "Prior's Tower" PSC.
  125. ^ "Rose Castle" PSC.
  126. ^ "Scaleby Castle" PSC.
  127. ^ "Sizergh Castle" PSC.
  128. ^ "Toppin Castle" BLB.
  129. ^ "Ubarrow Hall" PSC.
  130. ^ "Wharton Hall" PSC.
  131. ^ "Whitehall, Allhallows" BLB.
  132. ^ "Workington Hall" PSC.
  133. ^ "Wray Castle" PSC.
  134. ^ "Wraysholme Tower" PSC.
  135. ^ "Yanwath Hall" PSC.
  136. ^ "Bolsover Castle" PSC.
  137. ^ "Codnor Castle" PSC.
  138. ^ "Elvaston Castle" PSC.
  139. ^ "Haddon Hall" PSC.
  140. ^ "Mackworth Castle" PSC.
  141. ^ "Peveril Castle" PSC.
  142. ^ "Riber Castle" BLB.
  143. ^ "Wingfield Manor" PSC.
  144. ^ "Affeton Castle" BLB.
  145. ^ "Berry Pomeroy Castle" PSC.
  146. ^ "Bickleigh Castle" PSC.
  147. ^ "Compton Castle" PSC.
  148. ^ "Dartmouth Castle" PSC.
  149. ^ "Castle Drogo" PSC.
  150. ^ "Gidleigh Castle" PSC.
  151. ^ "Hemyock Castle" PSC.
  152. ^ "Kingswear Castle" PSC.
  153. ^ "Lydford Castle" PSC.
  154. ^ "Marisco Castle" PSC.
  155. ^ "Okehampton Castle" PSC.
  156. ^ "Plympton Castle" PSC.
  157. ^ "Powderham Castle" PSC.
  158. ^ "Rougemont Castle" PSC.
  159. ^ "Salcombe Castle" PSC.
  160. ^ "Tiverton Castle" PSC.
  161. ^ "Totnes Castle" PSC.
  162. ^ "Watermouth Castle" PSC.
  163. ^ "Brownsea Castle" PSC.
  164. ^ "Christchurch Castle" PSC.
  165. ^ "Corfe Castle" PSC.
  166. ^ "Lulworth Castle" PSC.
  167. ^ "Pennsylvania Castle" PSC.
  168. ^ "Portland Castle" PSC.
  169. ^ "Rufus Castle" PSC.
  170. ^ "Sherborne Old Castle" PSC.
  171. ^ "Woodsford Castle" PSC.
  172. ^ "Paull Holme Tower" PSC.
  173. ^ "Skipsea Castle" PSC.
  174. ^ "Wressle Castle" PSC.
  175. ^ "Bodiam Castle" PSC.
  176. ^ "Camber Castle" PSC.
  177. ^ "Hastings Castle" PSC.
  178. ^ "Herstmonceux Castle" PSC.
  179. ^ "Lewes Castle" PSC.
  180. ^ "Pevensey Castle" PSC.
  181. ^ "Ypres Tower" PSC.
  182. ^ "Pleshey Castle" PSC.
  183. ^ "Colchester Castle" PSC.
  184. ^ "Hadleigh Castle" PSC.
  185. ^ "Hedingham Castle" PSC.
  186. ^ "Walden Castle" PSC.
  187. ^ "Berkeley Castle" PSC.
  188. ^ "Beverstone Castle" PSC.
  189. ^ "St. Briavel's Castle" PSC.
  190. ^ "Sudeley Castle" PSC.
  191. ^ "Thornbury Castle" PSC.
  192. ^ "White Tower" PSC.
  193. ^ "Radcliffe Tower" PSC.
  194. ^ "Calshot Castle" PSC.
  195. ^ "Hurst Castle" PSC.
  196. ^ "Netley Castle" PSC.
  197. ^ "Odiham Castle" PSC.
  198. ^ "Southampton Castle" PSC.
  199. ^ "Southsea Castle" PSC.
  200. ^ "Winchester Castle" PSC.
  201. ^ "Wolvesey Castle" PSC.
  202. ^ "Ewyas Harold Castle" PSC.
  203. ^ "Brampton Bryan Castle" PSC.
  204. ^ "Clifford Castle" PSC.
  205. ^ "Croft Castle" PSC.
  206. ^ "Downton Castle" BLB.
  207. ^ "Eastnor Castle" PSC.
  208. ^ "Goodrich Castle" PSC.
  209. ^ "Hampton Court" PSC.
  210. ^ "Kentchurch Court" PSC.
  211. ^ "Kinnersley Castle" PSC.
  212. ^ "Longtown Castle" PSC.
  213. ^ "Pembridge Castle" PSC.
  214. ^ "Snodhill Castle" PSC.
  215. ^ "Treago Castle" PSC.
  216. ^ "Wigmore Castle" PSC.
  217. ^ "Wilton Castle" PSC.
  218. ^ "Berkhamsted Castle" PSC.
  219. ^ "Hertford Castle" PSC.
  220. ^ "Carisbrooke Castle" PSC.
  221. ^ "Norris Castle" PSC.
  222. ^ "Yarmouth Castle" PSC.
  223. ^ "West Cowes Castle" PSC.
  224. ^ "Cromwell's Castle" PSC.
  225. ^ "Star Castle" PSC.
  226. ^ "Allington Castle" PSC.
  227. ^ "Canterbury Castle" PSC.
  228. ^ "Chiddingstone Castle" PSC.
  229. ^ "Chilham Castle" PSC.
  230. ^ "Cooling Castle" PSC.
  231. ^ "Deal Castle" PSC.
  232. ^ "Dover Castle" PSC.
  233. ^ "Eynsford Castle" PSC.
  234. ^ "Hever Castle" PSC.
  235. ^ "Kingsgate Castle" BLB.
  236. ^ "Leeds Castle" PSC.
  237. ^ "Leybourne Castle" PSC.
  238. ^ "Lullingstone Castle" PSC.
  239. ^ "Lympne Castle" PSC.
  240. ^ "Penshurst Place" BLB.
  241. ^ Brown (1962), p.69.
  242. ^ "Rochester Castle" PSC.
  243. ^ "St. Leonard's Tower" PSC.
  244. ^ "Saltwood Castle" PSC.
  245. ^ "Sandgate Castle" PSC.
  246. ^ "Scotney Castle" PSC.
  247. ^ "Sissinghurst Castle" PSC.
  248. ^ "Starkey Castle" BLB.
  249. ^ "Stone Castle" PSC.
  250. ^ "Sutton Valence Castle" PSC.
  251. ^ "Tonbridge Castle" PSC.
  252. ^ "Upnor Castle" PSC.
  253. ^ "Walmer Castle" PSC.
  254. ^ "Westenhanger Castle" PSC.
  255. ^ "Ashton Hall" PSC.
  256. ^ "Borwick Hall" PSC.
  257. ^ "Clitheroe Castle" PSC.
  258. ^ "Hornby Castle" PSC.
  259. ^ "Lancaster Castle" PSC.
  260. ^ "Turton Tower" PSC.
  261. ^ "Ashby de la Zouch Castle" PSC.
  262. ^ "Kirby Muxloe Castle" PSC.
  263. ^ "Leicester Castle" PSC.
  264. ^ "Goltho Castle" PSC.
  265. ^ "Bolingbroke Castle" PSC.
  266. ^ "Grimsthorpe Castle" PSC.
  267. ^ "Hussey Tower" PSC.
  268. ^ "Kyme Tower" PSC.
  269. ^ "Lincoln Castle" PSC.
  270. ^ "Rochford Tower" PSC.
  271. ^ "Somerton Castle" PSC.
  272. ^ "Tattershall Castle" PSC.
  273. ^ "Torksey Castle" PSC.
  274. ^ "Brimstage Hall" PSC.
  275. ^ "Leasowe Castle" PSC.
  276. ^ Brown (1962), p.59.
  277. ^ "Thetford Castle" PSC.
  278. ^ "Baconsthorpe Castle" PSC.
  279. ^ "Burgh Castle" PSC.
  280. ^ "Caister Castle" PSC.
  281. ^ "Castle Acre Castle" PSC.
  282. ^ "Castle Rising Castle" PSC.
  283. ^ "Claxton Castle" PSC.
  284. ^ "Norwich Castle" PSC.
  285. ^ "Oxburgh Hall" PSC.
  286. ^ "Weeting Castle" PSC.
  287. ^ "Fotheringhay Castle" PSC.
  288. ^ "Astwell Castle" PSC.
  289. ^ "Barnwell Castle" PSC.
  290. ^ "Rockingham Castle" PSC.
  291. ^ "Thorpe Waterville Castle" PSC.
  292. ^ "Alnham Vicars Pele" PSC.
  293. ^ "Alnwick Castle" PSC.
  294. ^ "Aydon Castle" PSC.
  295. ^ "Barmoor Castle" BLB.
  296. ^ "Beaufront Castle" PSC.
  297. ^ "Bellister Castle" PSC.
  298. ^ "Belsay Castle" PSC.
  299. ^ "Berwick Castle" PSC.
  300. ^ "Bitchfield Castle" PSC.
  301. ^ "Blenkinsop Castle" PSC.
  302. ^ "Bothal Castle" PSC.
  303. ^ "Bywell Castle" PSC.
  304. ^ "Callaly Castle" PSC.
  305. ^ "Cartington Castle" PSC.
  306. ^ "Chillingham Castle" PSC.
  307. ^ "Chipchase Castle" PSC.
  308. ^ "Cocklaw Tower" PSC.
  309. ^ "Cockle Park Tower" PSC.
  310. ^ "Corbridge Vicar's Pele" PSC.
  311. ^ "Coupland Castle" PSC.
  312. ^ "Craster Tower" PSC.
  313. ^ "Crawley Tower" PSC.
  314. ^ "Cresswell Castle" PSC.
  315. ^ "Dilston Castle" PSC.
  316. ^ "Dunstanburgh Castle" PSC.
  317. ^ "Edlingham Castle" PSC.
  318. ^ "Elsdon Tower" PSC.
  319. ^ "Embleton Tower" PSC.
  320. ^ "Etal Castle" PSC.
  321. ^ "Featherstone Castle" PSC.
  322. ^ "Ford Castle" PSC.
  323. ^ "Halton Castle" PSC.
  324. ^ "Harbottle Castle" PSC.
  325. ^ "Haughton Castle" PSC.
  326. ^ "Hexham Moot Hall" PSC.
  327. ^ "Hexham Old Gaol" PSC.
  328. ^ "Horsley Tower" PSC.
  329. ^ "Langley Castle" PSC.
  330. ^ "Lemmington Hall" PSC.
  331. ^ "Lindisfarne Castle" PSC.
  332. ^ "Mitford Castle" PSC.
  333. ^ "Morpeth Castle" PSC.
  334. ^ "Norham Castle" PSC.
  335. ^ "Preston Tower" PSC.
  336. ^ "Prior Castell's Tower" PSC.
  337. ^ "Prudhoe Castle" PSC.
  338. ^ "Shilbottle Tower" PSC.
  339. ^ "Shortflatt Tower" PSC.
  340. ^ "Thirlwall Castle" PSC.
  341. ^ "Warkworth Castle" PSC.
  342. ^ "Whittingham Tower" PSC.
  343. ^ "Whitton Tower" PSC.
  344. ^ "Willimoteswick Castle" Gatehouse
  345. ^ "Ayton Castle" PSC.
  346. ^ "Barden Tower" PSC.
  347. ^ "Bolton Castle" PSC.
  348. ^ "Cawood Castle" PSC.
  349. ^ "Clifford's Tower" PSC.
  350. ^ "Crayke Castle" BLB.
  351. ^ "Danby Castle" PSC.
  352. ^ "Gilling Castle" PSC.
  353. ^ "Hazlewood Castle" PSC.
  354. ^ "Hellifield Peel" PSC.
  355. ^ "Helmsley Castle" PSC.
  356. ^ "Hornby Castle" PSC.
  357. ^ "Knaresborough Castle" PSC.
  358. ^ "Marmion Tower" PSC.
  359. ^ "Middleham Castle" PSC.
  360. ^ "Old Mulgrave Castle" PSC.
  361. ^ "Nappa Hall" BLB.
  362. ^ "Pickering Castle" PSC.
  363. ^ "Ravensworth Castle" PSC.
  364. ^ "Richmond Castle" PSC.
  365. ^ "Ripley Castle" PSC.
  366. ^ "Scarborough Castle" PSC.
  367. ^ "Sheriff Hutton Castle" PSC.
  368. ^ "Skelton Castle" BLB.
  369. ^ "Skipton Castle" PSC.
  370. ^ "Snape Castle" BLB.
  371. ^ "South Cowton Castle" PSC.
  372. ^ "Spofforth Castle" PSC.
  373. ^ "Whorlton Castle" PSC.
  374. ^ "Wilton Castle" BLB.
  375. ^ "Halloughton Manor House" PSC.
  376. ^ "Newark Castle" PSC.
  377. ^ "Nottingham Castle" PSC.
  378. ^ "Bampton Castle" PSC.
  379. ^ "Broughton Castle" PSC.
  380. ^ "Hanwell Castle" PSC.
  381. ^ Blair (1998), p.137.
  382. ^ "Greys Court" PSC.
  383. ^ "Shirburn Castle" PSC.
  384. ^ "Wallingford Castle" PSC.
  385. ^ "Oakham Castle" PSC.
  386. ^ "Acton Burnell Castle" PSC.
  387. ^ "Alberbury Castle" PSC.
  388. ^ "Bridgnorth Castle" PSC.
  389. ^ "Broncroft Castle" PSC.
  390. ^ "Cheney Longville Castle" PSC.
  391. ^ "Clun Castle" PSC.
  392. ^ "Hopton Castle" PSC.
  393. ^ "Ludlow Castle" PSC.
  394. ^ "Moreton Corbet Castle" PSC.
  395. ^ "Quatford Castle" BLB.
  396. ^ "Red Castle" PSC.
  397. ^ "Rowton Castle" PSC.
  398. ^ "Shrewsbury Castle" PSC.
  399. ^ "Stokesay Castle" PSC.
  400. ^ "Wattlesborough Castle" PSC.
  401. ^ "Whittington Castle" PSC.
  402. ^ "Banwell Castle" PSC.
  403. ^ Buildings of England, Somerset: South & West (1958) ISBN 978-0-300-09644-6.
  404. ^ "Dunster Castle" PSC.
  405. ^ "Farleigh Hungerford Castle" PSC.
  406. ^ "Newton St Loe" PSC.
  407. ^ "Nunney Castle" PSC.
  408. ^ "Stogursey Castle" PSC.
  409. ^ "Sutton Court" PSC.
  410. ^ "Taunton Castle" PSC.
  411. ^ "Walton Castle" PSC.
  412. ^ "Wells Bishop's Palace" BLB.
  413. ^ "Conisbrough Castle" PSC.
  414. ^ "Tickhill Castle" PSC.
  415. ^ "Alton Castle" PSC.
  416. ^ "Caverswall Castle" PSC.
  417. ^ "Chartley Castle" PSC.
  418. ^ "Eccleshall Castle" PSC.
  419. ^ "Stafford Castle" PSC.
  420. ^ "Stourton Castle" PSC.
  421. ^ "Tamworth Castle" PSC.
  422. ^ "Tutbury Castle" PSC.
  423. ^ "Bungay Castle" PSC.
  424. ^ "Clare Castle" PSC.
  425. ^ "Eye Castle" PSC.
  426. ^ "Framlingham Castle" PSC.
  427. ^ "Mettingham Castle" PSC.
  428. ^ "Orford Castle" PSC.
  429. ^ "Wingfield Castle" PSC.
  430. ^ "Farnham Castle" PSC.
  431. ^ "Guildford Castle" PSC.
  432. ^ "Hylton Castle" PSC.
  433. ^ "Newcastle Castle" PSC.
  434. ^ "Old Hollinside" PSC.
  435. ^ "Ravensworth Castle" PSC.
  436. ^ "Tynemouth Castle" PSC.
  437. ^ "Astley Castle" PSC.
  438. ^ "Kenilworth Castle" PSC.
  439. ^ "Maxstoke Castle" PSC.
  440. ^ "Warwick Castle" PSC.
  441. ^ "Dudley Castle" PSC.
  442. ^ "Amberley Castle" PSC.
  443. ^ "Arundel Castle" PSC.
  444. ^ "Bramber Castle" PSC.
  445. ^ "Halnaker House" PSC.
  446. ^ "Dobroyd Castle" PSC.
  447. ^ "Harewood Castle" PSC.
  448. ^ "Pontefract Castle" PSC.
  449. ^ "Sandal Castle" PSC.
  450. ^ "Devizes Castle" PSC.
  451. ^ "Longford Castle" PSC.
  452. ^ "Ludgershall Castle" PSC.
  453. ^ "Old Sarum Castle" PSC.
  454. ^ "Old Wardour Castle" PSC.
  455. ^ "Caldwall Castle" PSC.
  456. ^ "Hartlebury Castle" PSC.
  457. ^ "Holt Castle" PSC.
  458. ^ "Worcester Castle" PSC.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]