List of castles in England

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For more details on English castles, see Castles in Great Britain and Ireland.
Windsor Castle, Berkshire

This list of castles in England is not a list of every building and site that has "castle" as part of its name, nor does it list only buildings that conform to a strict definition of a castle as a medieval fortified residence.[1] It is not a list of every castle ever built in England, many of which have vanished without trace, but is primarily a list of buildings and remains that have survived. In almost every case the buildings that survive are either ruined, or have been altered over the centuries. For several reasons, whether a given site is that of a medieval castle has not been taken to be a sufficient criterion for determining whether or not that site should be included in the list.

Castles that have vanished or whose remains are barely visible are not listed, except for some important or well-known buildings and sites. Fortifications from before the medieval period are not listed, nor are architectural follies. In other respects it is difficult to identify clear and consistent boundaries between two sets of buildings, comprising those that indisputably belong in a list of castles and those that do not. The criteria adopted for inclusion in the list include such factors as: how much survives from the medieval period; how strongly fortified the building was; how castle-like the surviving building is; whether the building has been given the title of "castle"; how certain it is that a medieval castle stood on the site, or that the surviving remains are those of a medieval castle; how well-known or interesting the building is; and whether including or excluding a building helps make the list, in some measure, more consistent.

In order to establish a list that is as far as possible comprehensive as well as consistent, it is necessary to establish its boundaries. Before the list itself, a discussion of its scope includes lengthy lists of buildings excluded from the main lists for various reasons. The Castellarium Anglicanum, an authoritative index of castles in England and Wales published in 1983, lists over 1,500 castle sites in England.[2] Many of these castles have vanished or left almost no trace. The present list includes more than 800 medieval castles of which there are visible remains, with over 300 having substantial surviving stone or brick remains.


Contents

History[edit]

The Tower of London

A castle is a type of fortified structure, developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. The first castles appeared in France in the 10th century,[3] and in England during the 11th century. A few castles are known to have been built in England before the Normans invaded in 1066;[4] a great many were built in the years following, the principal mechanism by means of which the Normans were able to consolidate their control over the country.[5] Whilst a few important castles, such as the White Tower in the Tower of London, were built of stone, most early castles were motte-and-bailey castles of earthwork and timber, which could be constructed quickly. Some were later rebuilt in stone,[6] but there are a great many castle sites in England where all that is visible today are traces of earthworks.[7]

Castles continued to be built in England for several hundred years, reaching a peak of military sophistication in the late 13th century.[8] The two principal elements in their construction were the great tower or keep, such as the White Tower, and the fortified enclosure, such as is provided by the outer wall of the Tower of London. During the 14th century, largely as a result of the decline of feudalism,[9] the construction of strong castles began to decline, in favour of more lightly fortified structures often described as fortified manor houses.[10] In the far north of England, where conditions remained unsettled, fortified buildings continued to be built as late as the 16th century, not only by the rich and powerful but by any with adequate means, as defence not against great armies, but against the notorious Border Reivers. Many took the form of the pele tower, a smaller, more modest version of the castle keep,[11] and many of these still survive, often incorporated in later buildings.

Pendennis Castle, Cornwall: a 16th-century Henrician Castle

Castles differed from earlier fortifications in that they were generally private fortified residences. Typically, a castle was the residence of a feudal lord, providing the owner with a secure base from which to control his lands,[12] and also a symbol of wealth and power. Earlier fortified structures, such as the Saxon burh or the Iron Age hill fort, provided public or communal defences,[13] as did medieval town or city walls. The many Roman forts of which ruins survive in Britain differed in being wholly military in nature - they were camps or strongholds of the Roman army. The Romans also built town or city walls in England, which can still be seen, for instance at Silchester.

By the 16th century the role of fortifications had changed once more with the development of artillery capable of breaching even thick stone walls. In the reign of Henry VIII, fears of invasion[14] led to the building of a series of new fortresses along the south coast of England,[15] known as the Device Forts or Henrician Castles. These were designed to use and to defend against artillery, and since they were not private residences, but national fortifications, they do not possess what architectural historians have come to see as the defining characteristics of a castle.[16] Nonetheless they are visibly castle-like, being compact, with battlemented walls, squat turrets and sometimes a keep; and they were the last generation of fortresses in England to be known as castles, long before architectural historians began to argue that they should not be.[17] One of them, Pendennis Castle, was one of the last Royalist strongholds to fall to the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War—starvation forcing surrender after a siege of five months.[18]

Herstmonceux Castle, East Sussex

As the role of the castle as fortress declined in the later medieval period, its role as a residence increasingly became the more important. Castles such as Herstmonceux were built with fortifications seemingly designed more for show than for strength,[19] implying a further evolution in the role and concept of the castle, becoming less a means of enforcing power but instead a symbol of its possession, a castle becoming a grand residence proclaiming the status of its owner. Once fortifications had become altogether redundant, it became increasingly rare in England for new buildings to be described as castles, in contrast to France, where country houses continued to be known as châteaux.

Once no longer needed as fortresses, castles — if they were not abandoned — were, over the centuries, adapted and modernised to make them more suitable for continued use as residences:[20] large windows were inserted in defensive walls, as at Lumley; outer walls were demolished or lowered to open up views from within, as at Raby; new residential ranges were built to improve and extend accommodation, as at Windsor. Some castles were restored after falling into ruin, like Bamburgh;[21] others, like Belvoir, were demolished and rebuilt, retaining little or none of the original structure.[22] In the 18th and 19th centuries especially, many castles underwent "improvements" by architects such as Anthony Salvin, and in this period a fashion developed for entirely new houses to be built in the style of castles, and to be known as castles.[23][24] Amongst these was Peckforton Castle, built by Salvin: a building so authentic in its recreation of a medieval castle that it has been described as possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.[25]

Peckforton Castle, Cheshire, with Beeston Castle in the distance

Scope and exclusions[edit]

No list of castles in England is ever likely to be complete, because there will never be complete agreement in every case as to whether the remains of a building are those of a castle, whether a given place is the site of a castle, or whether a surviving building should be considered to be a castle.[26]

Perhaps because the castle has become the most familiar type of fortification, many sites of fortifications earlier than the 10th century have become known as castles. Most of these are Iron Age hill forts. Amongst the best known are Abbotsbury Castle, Barbury Castle, Bratton Castle, Cadbury Castle, Castle Dore, Chûn Castle, Liddington Castle, Maen Castle, Maiden Castle and Uffington Castle,[27] whilst many more appear in the List of hill forts in England. Others, such as Melandra Castle, Reculver Castle, Richborough Castle and Whitley Castle, are Roman forts, whilst Daw's Castle is a Saxon burh.[27] None of these is included in the present list unless it is also the site of a medieval castle, as is the case with, for instance, Portchester Castle, where an imposing castle was built within the surviving walls of the Roman fort.[28]

Portchester Castle, Hampshire: Roman walls and medieval keep

Nor are all medieval fortified sites included in the present list. The remains of town and city walls are excluded — most of these appear in the List of town walls in England and Wales. Also excluded are churches with defensive towers, such as Ancroft, Burgh by Sands, Edlingham, Garway, Great Salkeld and Newton Arlosh, as well as other fortified ecclesiastical sites such as Alnwick Abbey, Battle Abbey, Thornton Abbey, Wetheral Priory, Whalley Abbey and St Mary's Abbey, York.[29] Some of the pele towers of Northern England are included, but the more modest fortified buildings known as bastles are not, though the distinction between them is not always altogether clear. Amongst fortified manor houses, those given the title of castle are included, whilst many others were more lightly fortified and are excluded. Amongst these are Baddesley Clinton, Cowdray House, Farnhill Hall, Hipswell Hall, Ightham Mote, Little Wenham Hall, Markenfield Hall and Walburn Hall.[29]

The list includes pele towers that became known as castles, or preserve a castle-like aspect. Many others, or their remains, survive much altered—incorporated in later country houses or farmhouses, and are excluded. Amongst these are: Aske Hall, Biddlestone RC Chapel, Bolling Hall, Bolton Old Hall, Boltongate Rectory, Causey Park House, Clennell Hall, Cliburn Hall, Corbridge Low Hall, Cowmire Hall, Craster Arms (Beadnell), Croglin Old Pele, Denton Hall, Dovenby Hall, Dunstan Hall, East Shaftoe Hall, Godmond Hall, Great Salkeld Rectory, Hardrigg Hall, Hepscott Hall, Hetton Hall, Hollin Hall, Hutton Hall (Penrith), Irton Hall, Johnby Hall, Killington Hall, Kirkoswald College, Levens Hall, Little Harle Tower, Nether Hall, Netherby Hall, Ormside Hall, Pockerley Pele, Preston Patrick Hall, Randalholme Hall, Rock Hall, Rudchester Hall, Sella Park, Selside Hall, Skelsmergh Hall, Smardale Hall, Thistlewood Farmhouse, Warnell Hall, Weetwood Hall and Witton Tower.[29]

In the post-medieval period, the distinction between true castles and later mock castles is blurred by the extent to which medieval castles were adapted and rebuilt. At Greystoke a new castle was built incorporating a medieval pele tower;[30] at Thurland a new castle was built from the ruins of the old;[31] at Belvoir the old castle was demolished and a new one built.[22] The building of mock castles might be seen as the logical conclusion of a process already apparent in castles such as Herstmonceux or Tattershall, where the castle-like aspect of the building was becoming more for show than for strength.[19]

Wentworth Castle: not a castle but a country house

Amongst post-medieval buildings in England that are known as castles, a few, such as Peckforton Castle, closely resemble medieval castles. Many others, such as Clearwell Castle, have some castle-like features, and some, like Mereworth Castle, bear no resemblance whatsoever to a castle. The list excludes buildings that neither look like castles, nor incorporate the remains of castles. Amongst these are Bolebroke Castle, Bovey Castle, Bruce Castle, Castle Ashby, Castle Howard, Clifton Castle, Highclere Castle, Mereworth Castle, New Wardour Castle, Sherborne Castle, Wentworth Castle, and Wisbech Castle.[32] Many other buildings with some castle-like features are also excluded. Amongst these are Acton Castle, Allerton Castle, Augill Castle, Avon Castle, Bell's Castle, Bolesworth Castle, Bude Castle, Castle Eden Castle, Castle Goring, Cave Castle, Clearwell Castle, Cliffe Castle, Coates Castle, Creech Castle, Droskyn Castle, Edmond Castle, Enmore Castle, Ewell Castle, Farleigh Castle, Farley Castle, Fillingham Castle, Hatherop Castle, Headingley Castle, Highcliffe Castle, Hilfield Castle, Kenwith Castle, Kirby Knowle Castle, Knepp Castle, Luscombe Castle, Midford Castle, Mulgrave Castle, Otterburn Tower, Pentillie Castle, Reeve Castle, Ryde Castle, St. Clare Castle, Sibdon Castle, Sneaton Castle, Stanhope Castle, Studley Castle, Swinton Castle, The Citadel (Weston-under-Redcastle), Tregenna Castle, Vanbrugh Castle, Wadhurst Castle, Wattisham Castle, Whitehaven Castle, Whitstable Castle, Willersley Castle, and Willsbridge Castle.[32] Amongst those that have been demolished is Steephill Castle.

Artificial ruins and follies, often built as memorials or landscape features, are also excluded. Amongst these are Appley Tower, Black Castle, Bladon Castle, Blaise Castle, Bollitree Castle, Boston Castle, Braylsham Castle, Broadway Tower, Carr Hall Castle, Castlebourne, Clent Castle, Clopton Tower, Dinton Castle, Doyden Castle, Dunstall Castle, Durlston Castle, Fort Putnam, Hadlow Castle, Castle in Hagley Park Lawrence Castle, Long's Park Castle, Mow Cop Castle, Mowbray Castle, Pirton Castle, Radford Castle, Radway Tower, Ragged Castle (Badminton), Rivington Castle, Rodborough Fort, Ross Castle, Rothley Castle, Roundhay Castle, Sebergham Castle, Severndroog Castle, Shaldon Castle, Sham Castle (Bath), Sledmere Castle, Speedwell Castle, Stainborough Castle, Starlight Castle, Stowe Castle, Strattenborough Castle, Sundorne Castle, Toll House (Clevedon) and Wyke Castle.[32] Finally, the 16th-century Henrician Castles, whose design was closely inspired by medieval castles, are included, but later military fortifications—with just a few exceptions—are not.

Red Lion Tower, Haltwhistle

However carefully the criteria for including a building or site on this list are set out, borderline cases are inevitable. Many buildings known to incorporate northern pele towers in their fabric, but are no longer castle-like—such as the Red Lion Tower in Haltwhistle—have been excluded. On the other hand Corby Castle, in which a pele tower survives wholly encased in a later building,[33] is included because it is known as a castle, and by implication continued to fulfil the role of one, at least in part. Kimbolton Castle is included as the site of a medieval castle, and because the present mansion has a castellated aspect in deference to the medieval castle it replaced.

Key[edit]

Key
Accessible open spaceAccessible open space
CL icon.svgCastle open to the public
EH icon.svgEnglish Heritage
HH icon.svgHistoric House open to the public
Museum icon (red).svgMuseum
National TrustNational Trust
NGSPrivate, grounds open under the National Gardens Scheme
NameUsually the name of the surviving building, but not always—for instance the remains of the historic Bampton Castle were incorporated in a later building known as Ham Court
TypeUsually the type of castle represented by the predominant surviving fortified remains
DateUsually the dates of the principal building works relating to the surviving remains
ConditionAn indication as to what remains of the original castle structure
ImageThe building or site as it currently exists
Ownership
/ Access
Brief information relating to the current ownership or use of the site, an icon signifying that the site is frequently open to the public

Bedfordshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Bedford Castle was demolished after a well-documented eight-week siege by Henry III, with around 2000 men, in 1224.[34]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Someries CastleFortified manor house15th centuryFragmentary remainsSomeries Castle.jpgCL icon.svgBrick, unfinished, ruined gatehouse and chapel survive.[35]

Berkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Donnington CastleCastlec. 1386FragmentDonnington Castle - geograph.org.uk - 35386.jpgEH icon.svgBuilt by Richard Abberbury the Elder, destroyed during the English Civil War, gatehouse survives.[36]
Windsor CastleKeep and bailey12–19th centuryIntactWindsor Castle at Sunset - Nov 2006.jpgRoyal palaceRestored and extended by James Wyatt and Jeffry Wyattville, 1800–30.[37]

Bristol[edit]

Castles of which only vestiges remain include:[2]

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Boarstall TowerFortified manor housec. 1312FragmentBoarstall Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1062939.jpgNTE icon.svgMoated site, gatehouse survives, altered in the 16–17th centuries, converted to house 20th century.[38]

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Buckden PalaceFortified manor house13–15th centuryFragmentBuckden Towers.jpgClaretian conference centreRenamed Buckden Towers, partly demolished and remnants incorporated with a 19th-century house.[39]
Elton HallFortified manor housec. 1477FragmentElton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1258739.jpgHH icon.svgGatehouse survives, incorporated in building of 1662–1689, remodelled and extended in the 18–19th centuries.[40]
Kimbolton CastleCastellated house17–18th centuryIntactKimbolton Castle 01.jpgSchoolSite of medieval castle, rebuilt and later remodelled by Sir John Vanbrugh 1707–10.[41]
Kirtling TowerFortified manor housec. 1530FragmentA view of Kirtling Tower - geograph.org.uk - 525588.jpgNGS16th-century gatehouse on supposed site of moated Saxon castle.[42]
Longthorpe TowerTower house1263–1300IntactLongthorpe Tower1.jpgEH icon.svgElaborate scheme of domestic medieval wall paintings.[43]
Northborough CastleFortified manor house1330–40FragmentThe gatehouse, Northborough Hall - geograph.org.uk - 672519.jpgPrivateGatehouse and hall survive, with 16/17th-century alterations.[44]
Woodcroft CastleQuadrangular castlec. 1280Habitable fragmentWoodcroftCastle.jpgPrivateWest range of original building survives, with alterations.[45]

Cheshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Beeston CastleEnclosure castle13–14th centuryRuinsBeeston Castle Gate.jpgEH icon.svgSited on crag high above Cheshire Plain, 19th-century outer gatehouse.[46]
Chester CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryFragmentAgricola Tower, Chester Castle - geograph.org.uk - 675807.jpgEH icon.svgAgricola tower sole feature of medieval castle to survive an 18th-century fire.[47]
Cholmondeley CastleNeo-romantic castle1801–19IntactCholmondeley - Cholmondeley Castle.jpgHH icon.svg
Marquess of Cholmondeley
Transformed into castle by Smirke, 1817–19.[48]
Doddington CastleTower housec. 1403Substantially intactGeograph-2193224-by-Simon-Huguet cropped.jpgPrivateAlso known as Delves Hall. Building At Risk.[49]
Halton CastleCastle13th centuryFragmentary remainsHalton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 311820.jpgCL icon.svg
Duchy of Lancaster
Commanding position, 13th-century tower, 18th-century courthouse, folly of c. 1800.[50]
Peckforton CastleNeo-romantic castle1844–50IntactPeckforton Castle 1.jpgHotelBy Anthony Salvin, possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.[25]

County Durham[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Auckland CastleKeep and bailey12–16th centuryRebuiltAuckland Castle 036.jpgHH icon.svg
Church of England
Mostly 16th-century, fragments remain of medieval castle, residence of the Bishop of Durham.[51]
Barnard CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryRuinsBarnard Castle.jpgEH icon.svg[52]
Bowes CastleKeep12th centuryFragmentary remainsBowes Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1158843.jpgEH icon.svgRuins of keep survive.[53]
Brancepeth CastleKeep and bailey14–19th centuryReconstructedBrancepeth Castle.jpgPrivateSubstantial medieval portions, including 5 towers incorporated in 19th-century rebuilding.[54]
Durham CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryRebuiltDurham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 897762.jpgUniversity College, DurhamMuch altered during continuous occupation since c. 1072.[55]
Lambton CastleNeo-romantic castlec. 1820–8IntactLambton Park 1892.jpgWedding venue / Earl of DurhamLater additions demolished following subsidence.[56]
Lumley CastleQuadrangular castlec. 1392IntactLumley Castle 02.jpgHotel / Earl of ScarbroughAltered c. 1580 and 1721.[57]
Mortham TowerFortified manor house14–16th centuryIntactMortham Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1413899.jpgPrivate15th-century tower, formerly in Yorkshire.[58]
Raby CastleCastle12–14th centuryIntactRaby Castle - geograph.org.uk - 29645.jpgHH icon.svg
Lord Barnard
Altered in the 18–19th centuries.[59]
Raby Old LodgeTower house16th centuryRestoredHoliday accommodationProbably built as a hunting lodge for the Neville family of Raby Castle.[60]
Scargill CastleTower house13–15th centuryFragmentScargill Castle Farm - geograph.org.uk - 75574.jpgPrivate, farmAmongst farm buildings.[61]
Walworth CastleSham castlec. 1600RestoredWalworth 001.jpgHotelSouth-west tower and adjoining wall possibly medieval.[62]
Witton CastleCastlec. 1410RestoredWitton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 307577.jpgCaravan siteExtended in 1790–95. Used as a leisure centre for a caravan site.[63]

Cornwall[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Caerhays CastleNeo-romantic castle1807–10IntactCaerhayes Castle.jpgHH icon.svgBuilt in 1808 by John Nash.[64]
Carn Brea CastleSham castle15–19th centuryIntactCarn Brea Castle by Ansom.jpgRestaurantPossible medieval hunting lodge rebuilt in the 18–19th centuries.[65]
Ince CastleSemi-fortified housec. 1640IntactInce Castle - geograph.org.uk - 344828 cropped.jpgNGSHouse may have been held against the Roundheads in 1646.[66]
Launceston CastleKeep and bailey11–13th centuryRuinsLaunceston, castle over rooftops - geograph.org.uk - 571483.jpgEH icon.svg[67]
Pendennis CastleArtillery fort1540–98IntactPendennis Castle.jpgEH icon.svgWithstood 5-month siege in 1646.[18]
Pengersick CastleFortified manor housec. 1510FragmentPengersick Castle - geograph.org.uk - 54699.jpgHH icon.svg4-storey tower remains, with later building.[68]
Place House, FoweyTower house15–19th centuryRebuiltGeograph-2306832-by-Derek-Harper cropped.jpgPrivateOriginal tower house defended against the French in 1475, subsequently strengthened, later rebuilt.[69]
Restormel CastleShell keep12–13th centuryRuinsRestormelCastle.JPGEH icon.svg[70]
St Catherine's CastleArtillery fort1538–40RuinsSt Catherines Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1239837.jpgEH icon.svgAt mouth of River Fowey.[71]
St. Mawes CastleArtillery fort1540–3IntactSt-mawes-castle.JPGEH icon.svgPosition not defensible from land attack.[72]
St. Michael's MountFortified site12–17th centurySubstantially intactCASTLE3.jpgNTE icon.svgCastle and priory church comprise single building.[73]
Tintagel CastleTwin bailey1227–33Fragmentary remainsUpper mainland courtyard of Tintagel Castle, 2007.jpgEH icon.svg[74]
Trematon CastleShell keep12–13th centuryRuinsKeep, Trematon Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1192900.jpgDuchy of Cornwall[75]

Cumbria[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Appleby CastleKeep and bailey12–17th centuryRestoredCaesar's Tower inside Appleby castle - geograph.org.uk - 1505585.jpgPrivateRestored in the 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford.[76]
Armathwaite CastleTower house15th centuryIntactRiver Eden from Armathwaite Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 211411 cropped.jpgPrivateIncorporated in later buildings.[77]
Arnside TowerTower house15th centuryRuinsArnside Tower from the south west - geograph.org.uk - 418663.jpgPrivateFreestanding tower house.[78]
Askerton CastleCastle14–16th centuryRestoredAskerton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 958564.jpgPrivate, farmAltered by Anthony Salvin.[79]
Beetham HallFortified manor house14th centuryPartly ruinedBeetham Hall - geograph.org.uk - 862919.jpgPrivate[80]
Bewcastle CastleCourtyard castle14–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsBewcastle - geograph.org.uk - 1945279.jpgCL icon.svgSited within Roman fort.[81]
Bewley CastleFortified manor house13–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsPrivateOnce a residence of the Bishops of Carlisle.[82]
Blencow HallFortified house15–16th centuryIntactBlencow Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1458342.jpgHoliday accommodationAltered in 1590.[83]
Brackenburgh Old TowerPele tower14–15th centurySubstantially intactPrivateAdjoining large 19th-century house.[84]
Brackenhill TowerTower house1586IntactHoliday accommodationRestored 21st century.[85]
Branthwaite HallPele tower14–15th centuryIntactBranthwaite Hall. - geograph.org.uk - 80423.jpgPrivate17th-century additions.[86]
Brough CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryRuinsBrough Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1605399.jpgEH icon.svgRestored in 1659–62 by Lady Anne Clifford.[87]
Brougham CastleKeep and bailey13–14th centuryRuinsBrougham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 17714.jpgEH icon.svgConverted into country house in 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford.[88]
Brougham HallFortified manor house13–19th centuryRuinsBrougham Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1532.jpgCrafts centreRuins of 19th-century house incorporating remains of earlier building.[89]
Broughton TowerPele tower14th centuryIntactGeograph-3654463-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgSchoolIncorporated in later building.[90]
Burneside HallTower house14th centuryRuinsBurneside Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1499618.jpgPrivate[91]
Carlisle CastleKeep and bailey12–15th centurySubstantially intactCarlisle Castle 03.jpgEH icon.svgConverted to barracks 19th century.[92]
Catterlen HallTower house15th centuryIntactCatterlenHall cropped.jpgPrivateLater additions.[93]
Clifton HallPele tower16th centurySubstantially intactGeograph-1878296-by-Trish-Steel cropped.jpgEH icon.svgUsed as a farm building until 1973.[94]
Cockermouth CastleEnclosure castle13–14th centuryPartly restoredCockermouth Castle.jpgPrivate19th-century additions.[95]
Corby CastleTower house13th centuryRebuiltCorby Castle cropped.jpgPrivateConcealed within a Georgian Mansion House.[33]
Dacre CastleTower house14th centuryRestoredDacre Castle.jpgPrivateRestored in the 17th and 19th centuries.[96]
Dalston HallFortified house15th centuryIntactGeograph-2360581-by-Anthony-Parkes.jpgHotelLater additions.[97]
Dalton CastlePele tower14th centuryRestoredDalton Castle.jpgNTE icon.svgRemodelled c. 1704 and 1856.[98]
Drawdykes CastleTower house14th centuryIntactPrivate, farmOriginal tower with early Classical Revival facade.[99]
Drumburgh CastleTower house14th centuryHabitableDrumburgh Castle - geograph.org.uk - 912711.jpgPrivateConverted into farmhouse.[100]
Gleaston CastleEnclosure castle14th centuryFragmentary remainsGleaston Castle ruins.jpgPrivateAbandoned late 15th century.[101]
Greystoke CastleCastle14–19th centuryRebuiltGreystoke Castle.jpgWedding venueRebuilt incorporating parts of 14th-century building, remodelled in 1840 by Anthony Salvin.[102]
Harbybrow TowerPele tower15th centuryRuinPrivateAdjoining 19th-century farmhouse.[103]
Hayton CastleTower house14–15th centurySubstantially intactPrivateCastle converted to house.[104]
Hazelslack TowerPele tower14th centuryRuinsHazelslack Tower - geograph.org.uk - 126519.jpgPrivateNear Arnside.[105]
Howgill CastleTower house14th centurySubstantially intactPrivateAltered and remodelled in the 17–18th century.[106]
Hutton-in-the-ForestPele tower14–19th centuryIntactHutton-in-the-Forest 04.jpgHH icon.svgLarge country-house extensions.[107]
Hutton JohnPele tower14th centuryIntactHutton John - geograph.org.uk - 563746.jpgHH icon.svgLater alterations and additions.[108]
Ingmire HallPele tower16–20th centuryRebuiltIngmire Hall-geograph.org.uk-3218717.jpgPrivate apartmentsIncorporated in large, mostly 19th-century mansion.[109]
Isel HallTower house14–15th centuryIntactIselhall.jpgHH icon.svgLater additions.[110]
Kendal CastleRingwork12–14th centuryFragmentary remainsKendal Castle at sunset.jpgUKAL icon.svg[111]
Kentmere HallPele tower14th centuryIntactKentmere hall.jpgPrivate[112]
Kirkandrews TowerPele tower16th centuryIntactKirkandrews Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1577812.jpgPrivate[113]
Linstock CastleTower house12–13th centurySubstantially intactPrivateAltered and remodelled in the 17–20th century.[114]
Lowther CastleNeo-romantic castle1806–14RuinsLowther Castle 01.jpgHH icon.svgShell of a 19th-century castle by Smirke, on site of medieval hall.[115]
Middleton HallFortified manor house14th centuryHabitableGeograph-2298516-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgPrivateAltered and extended in the 15–19th centuries.[116]
Millom CastleCastle14th centuryRuinsMillom Castle - geograph.org.uk - 285259.jpgCL icon.svg16–17th-century farmhouse built into ruins.[117]
Muncaster CastleTower house13–14th centuryRestoredMuncaster Castle 01.jpgHH icon.svgRemodelled by Anthony Salvin, home of Tom Fool, 16th-century jester.[118]
Naworth CastleKeep and bailey13–16th centuryRestoredNaworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1485110.jpgWedding venue
Earl of Carlisle
Altered and restored in the 18th and 19th centuries.[119]
Newbiggin HallFortified house15–16th centuryIntactPart of Newbiggin Hall - geograph.org.uk - 290844.jpgPrivateRemodelled by Anthony Salvin.[120]
Pendragon CastleTower house12–14th centuryFragmentary remainsPendragon Castle - geograph.org.uk - 927364.jpgCL icon.svg[121]
Penrith CastleCastle14–15th centuryFragmentary remainsPenrith Castle 2.JPGEH icon.svg[122]
Piel CastleCastle14–15th centuryRuinsPiel Castle.jpgEH icon.svgAlso known as Fouldrey Castle.[123]
Prior's Tower, CarlislePele tower15th centuryIntactGeograph-2179125-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpgChurch of EnglandPart of the Deanery, alongside later buildings.[124]
Rose CastleQuadrangular Castle15–16th centuryRestoredGeograph-2140455-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpgChurch of EnglandConverted to private house 17th century, residence of the Bishop of Carlisle until 2011.[125]
Scaleby CastleTower house13–15th centuryPartly ruinedScaleby Castle, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 50853.jpgPrivateIncorporated with later house.[126]
Sizergh CastleTower house14–16th centuryRestoredSizergh Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1290821.jpgNTE icon.svgAltered in the 18–20th centuries.[127]
Toppin CastleSham castle19th centuryIntactGeograph-1841134-by-John-Smith cropped.jpgPrivateImitation tower house.[128]
Ubarrow HallPele towerMedievalSubstantially intactYewbarrow-hall-longsleddale.jpgPrivateAlongside later building, reduced in height.[129]
Wharton HallFortified manor house14–17th centuryPartly restoredWharton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 163881.jpgPrivate[130]
Whitehall, MealsgateTower house14–15th centurySubstantially intactHoliday accommodationAlterations by Anthony Salvin.[131]
Workington HallTower house14–18th centuryRuinsCurwen Hall - geograph.org.uk - 571432.jpgLocal authorityInhabited until 1929, requisitioned by the army in WW2 and since allowed to fall into ruin. Also known as Curwen Hall.[132][133]
Wray CastleNeo-romantic castle1840–7IntactWray Castle - geograph.org.uk - 129530.jpgNTE icon.svg[134]
Wraysholme TowerTower house15th centurySubstantially intactGeograph-2164570-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgPrivate, farmUsed as barn and cow-house, adjoining a 19th-century house.[135]
Yanwath HallPele tower15th centuryIntactYanwathhall.jpgPrivateAdjoining later building.[136]

Derbyshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bolsover CastleCastle12–17th centuryRebuiltBolsover Castle - geograph.org.uk - 205752.jpgEH icon.svgCastle rebuilt as a 17th-century mansion.[137]
Codnor CastleCastle13–14th centuryFragmentary remainsCodnor castle01.jpgCL icon.svg[138]
Elvaston CastleCastellated house17–19th centuryDerelictElvaston Castle 2.jpgDerbyshire County CouncilBuilt in 1633, remodelled by James Wyatt in 19th century, now within country park. Building At Risk.[139]
Haddon HallFortified manor house14–15th centuryIntactGeograph-2270973-by-Trevor-Rickard cropped.jpgHH icon.svgAltered in the 16–17th centuries, restored in the 1920s.[140]
Mackworth CastleFortified manor house15th centuryFragmentMackworth Castle, Lower Road, Mackworth Village, Derbyshire.jpgPrivateRuined gatehouse adjoining farm.[141]
Peveril CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryRuinsPeveril Castle keep, 2009.jpgEH icon.svgCommanding position above ravine.[142]
Riber CastleSham castle1868RuinsGeograph-1685064-by-Brian-Chadwick.jpgPrivateSchool 1892–1930.[143]
Wingfield ManorFortified manor house15th centuryRuinsWingfield Manor - geograph.org.uk - 6280.jpgEH icon.svgAbandoned in the 18th century.[144]

Devon[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Affeton CastleFortified manor house15th centuryFragmentAffeton gatehouse500.jpegPrivateGatehouse of house sacked during English Civil War, with 19th-century alterations.[145]
Berry Pomeroy CastleEnclosure castle15th centuryRuinsBerry Pomeroy Castle - geograph.org.uk - 913529.jpgEH icon.svgVery late castle, designed to defend against artillery.[146]
Bickleigh CastleFortified manor house15th centuryRestoredBickleigh castle.jpgWedding venueIncorporated in later buildings.[147]
Compton CastleFortified manor house14–16th centuryRestoredCompton Castle in Devon enh.jpgNTE icon.svgUsed as farm after 1750, restored 20th century.[148]
Dartmouth CastleCastle1481RestoredDartmouth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 725989.jpgEH icon.svgConverted to artillery castle 1509–47.[149]
Castle DrogoNeo-romantic castle1911–1930IntactDrogo.jpgNTE icon.svgBy Edwin Lutyens.[150]
Gidleigh CastleKeepc. 1300RuinsGidleigh Castle.jpgCL icon.svg[151]
Hemyock CastleEnclosure castlec. 1380Fragmentary remainsHemyock Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1491334.jpgPrivate[152]
Kingswear CastleArtillery fort1491–1502IntactKingswear Castle from Dartmouth Castle.jpgLandmark Trust[153]
Lydford CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryRuinsLydford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 31173.jpgEH icon.svg[154]
Marisco CastleKeep and baileyc. 1243RestoredMariscocastle.jpgNTE icon.svgRestored in 1643.[155]
Okehampton CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryFragmentary remainsOkehampton Castle Motte, 2009 - geograph.org.uk - 1574337.jpgEH icon.svg[156]
Plympton CastleMotte and bailey12th centuryFragmentary remainsPlympton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 103022.jpgCL icon.svg[157]
Powderham CastleFortified manor house14–16th centuryRestoredPowderham Castle 02.jpgHH icon.svg
Earl of Devon
Remodelled in the 18th and 19th centuries.[158]
Rougemont Castle (Exeter)Castle11–12th centuryFragmentsRougemont Castle gatehouse, 2010.jpgWedding venueMedieval fragments survive with later buildings.[159]
Salcombe CastleArtillery fort1540sRuinsSalcombecastle.JPGUKAL icon.svgRefortified in 1643–45.[160]
Tiverton CastleQuadrangular castle14th centuryPartly habitableTiverton , Tiverton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1287124.jpgHH icon.svg16th-century house built within the castle.[161]
Totnes CastleShell keep11–14th centuryRuinsTotnes Castle1.JPGEH icon.svgWell-preserved keep on high motte.[162]
Watermouth CastleNeo-romantic castle1825–45IntactWatermouth Bay and Castle, Devon - geograph.org.uk - 1534396.jpgTheme park[163]

Dorset[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Brownsea CastleCastellated house16–19th centuryIntactBrownsea Castle, Brownsea Island, Poole, Dorset.jpgNTE icon.svgIncorporates part of a 16th-century Henrician Castle.[164]
Christchurch CastleMotte and bailey12–14th centuryFragmentary remainsChristchurch Castle two walls.JPGEH icon.svgHall house known as Constable's House survives, with rare Norman chimney.[165]
Corfe CastleKeep and bailey11–13th centuryExtensive ruinsCorfe Castle - geograph.org.uk - 349316.jpgNTE icon.svgBesieged and slighted during the English Civil War.[166]
Lulworth CastleSham castlec. 1610RestoredLulworth Castle in 1999.jpgEH icon.svgHunting lodge, gutted by fire 1929.[167]
Pennsylvania CastleNeo-romantic castle1800IntactPennsylvania Castle - geograph.org.uk - 527899.jpgPrivateOn the Isle of Portland, built for John Penn to designs by James Wyatt.[168]
Portland CastleArtillery fort1539IntactUk dor portcastle.JPGEH icon.svgPrivate residence 1816–70.[169]
Rufus CastleCastle15th centuryRuinsRufus Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1305386.jpgPrivateAlso known as Bow and Arrow Castle.[170]
Sherborne Old CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryRuinsSherborne Old Castle 02.jpgEH icon.svgReplaced by 16–17th century house, which became known as Sherborne Castle.[171]
Woodsford CastleFortified manor house14th centuryHabitableWoodsford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 924711.jpgLandmark Trust[172]

East Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Paull Holme TowerTower House15th centuryRuinsPaull Holme Tower - geograph.org.uk - 52138.jpgPrivateOriginally part of larger house, roofless.[173]
Skipsea CastleMotte and Bailey11th centuryEarthworksSkipsea Castle - geograph.org.uk - 79788.jpgEH icon.svgWell-preserved earthworks.[174]
Wressle CastleQuadrangular castle1390RuinsWressle Castle.jpgPrivate, farmSouth range remains, inhabited until gutted by fire in 1796.[175]

East Sussex[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bodiam CastleQuadrangular castlec. 1385RuinsBodiam-castle-10My8-1197.jpgNTE icon.svgWide moat.[176]
Camber CastleArtillery fortc. 1540RuinsCamber Castle - geograph.org.uk - 18765.jpgEH icon.svg"Dismantled" 1642 after sea receded.[177]
Hastings CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryFragmentary ruinsHastingscastle.jpgCL icon.svg
Local Authority
Ruined by 1399.[178]
Herstmonceux CastleFortified mansion15th centuryRestoredHerstmonceux Castle.JPGQueen's UniversityBrick, interior dismantled in 1777, restored 20th century, former home of Royal Greenwich Observatory, now Study Centre.[179]
Lewes CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRuinsLewes Castle keep.JPGEH icon.svgUnusual in having two mottes[180]
Pevensey CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryRuinsPevensey castle-09.jpgEH icon.svgCastle built within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore.[181]
Rye Castle (Ypres Tower)Tower Housec. 1250IntactYpres Tower.jpgMuseum icon (red).svgOriginally called Baddings Tower.[182]

Essex[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

Pleshey Castle is a good example of a motte-and-bailey castle: only earthworks and a medieval brick bridge remain.[183]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Colchester CastleTower keep11th centuryIntactColchester-castle.jpgMuseum icon (red).svg
Local authority
Reduced in height in 17th century.[184]
Hadleigh CastleCastle13–14th centuryFragmentary remainsHadleigh Castle.jpgEH icon.svg[185]
Hedingham CastleTower keep1130–40Substantially intactThe Keep at Castle Hedingham - geograph.org.uk - 30510.jpgHH icon.svgCastle demolished in the 17th century except for keep, well-preserved interior despite fire of 1954.[186]
Walden CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryFragmentary remainsWalden castle.jpgCL icon.svgRemains of keep.[187]

Gloucestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Berkeley CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryIntactBerkeley Castle 03.jpgHH icon.svgLargely unaltered until the 1920s, when interior modernised by 8th Earl of Berkeley.[188]
Beverstone CastlePentagonal castle13–15th centuryRuinsBeverston Castle - geograph.org.uk - 148310.jpgNGS17th-century house built within ruins.[189]
St. Briavel's CastleKeep and bailey13th centuryHabitableSt Briavels Castle - geograph.org.uk - 520136.jpgEH icon.svgYouth hostel.[190]
Sudeley CastleQuadrangular castle15th centuryRestoredSudeley Castle view from garden Oct07.jpgHH icon.svgRestored as a country house in the 19th century.[191]
Thornbury CastleFortified housec. 1511Substantially intactThornbury.castle.from.church.arp.750pix.jpgHotelRestored in the 19th century.[192]

Greater London[edit]

Castles of which no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Tower of LondonConcentric castle11–13th centuryIntactTower of London, April 2006.jpgHistoric Royal PalacesWhite Tower built c. 1077–1100, curtain walls added in the 13th century, working portcullis.[193]

Greater Manchester[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Radcliffe TowerTower house1403FragmentRadcliffe tower hdr.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
Ruinous tower formerly incorporated in timber house.[194]

Hampshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Calshot CastleArtillery fort16th centurySubstantially intactCalshot castle evening.JPGEH icon.svgAltered in the 18–20th centuries, in use until 1961.[195]
Hurst CastleArtillery fort16th centurySubstantially intactHurst Castle west bastion 2.jpgEH icon.svgRepaired and refortified in the 19th century.[196]
Netley CastleArtillery fort16–19th centuryRebuiltNetley Castle, 2008, 1.jpgConvalescent homeRemodelled and extended in 1885–90.[197]
Odiham CastleShell keep and baileyEarly 13th centuryFragmentary ruinsOdiham Castle.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
Built by King John.[198]
Portchester CastleKeep and bailey11–12th centuryExtensive ruinsPortchester castle 04.jpgEH icon.svgBuilt within surviving walls of Roman fort of the Saxon Shore.[28]
Southampton CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryFragmentsSouthampton Castle Wall alongside Castle Lane.jpgUKAL icon.svgNorth bailey wall survives.[199]
Southsea CastleArtillery fort16th centuryRebuiltSouthsea castle from the east.JPGCL icon.svg
Local authority
Altered several times.[200]
Winchester CastleMotte and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentWinchester Grand Hall.JPGCL icon.svg
Local authority
Great hall survives, reroofed in 1873.[201]
Wolvesey CastleCastle12th centuryRuinsWolvesey Castle - Wymond's Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1316547.jpgEH icon.svg[202]

Herefordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Ewyas Harold Castle is recorded in the Domesday Book and was probably built c. 1048.[203]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Brampton Bryan CastleCastle13–14th centuryRuinsBrampton Bryan gatehouse.jpgPrivateGatehouse survives.[204]
Clifford CastleMotte and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentsClifford Castle ruins.jpgPrivateBuilding At Risk.[205]
Croft CastleQuadrangular castle14th centuryRebuiltCroft Castle 2.jpgNTE icon.svgConverted to a 16/17th-century house.[206]
Downton CastleNeo-romantic castlec. 1774–78IntactDownton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1306113.jpgPrivateAltered and extended in 1860–70.[207]
Eastnor CastleNeo-romantic castle1811–20IntactEastnor Castle 03.jpgHH icon.svgBy Robert Smirke.[208]
Goodrich CastleConcentric castle12–13th centuryRuinsGoodrich Castle 01.jpgEH icon.svgPartly demolished during English Civil War.[209]
Hampton CourtFortified manor house1427IntactHamptonCourtHerefordshire cropped.jpgHH icon.svgRemodelled in 1830–40s.[210]
Kentchurch CourtFortified manor house14th centuryFragmentGeograph-2751788-by-Philip-Halling-cropped.jpgHH icon.svgMedieval tower and gateway survive, remainder largely rebuilt by Nash 1795–1807.[211]
Kinnersley CastleCastleMedievalRebuiltKinnersley Castle.jpgHH icon.svg16–17th-century house on the site of a medieval castle.[212]
Longtown CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsLongtown Castle - geograph.org.uk - 392612.jpgEH icon.svgCircular keep.[213]
Pembridge CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryPartly habitablePembridge Castle.jpgPrivateReconstructed 20th century.[214]
Snodhill CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsGeograph-2203637-by-Trevor-Rickard cropped.jpgUKAL icon.svg[215]
Treago CastleFortified manor house15–16th centuryRestoredTreago-Castle-375001 13a17522-by-Tony-Bailey.jpgPrivateAltered in the 17–19th centuries.[216]
Wigmore CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsEntrance to Wigmore Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1248482.jpgEH icon.svgPartly dismantled in 1643.[217]
Wilton CastleCastle13th centuryFragmentary ruinsWinter view of Wilton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1169638.jpgCL icon.svgRemains incorporated in a 19th-century house.[218]

Hertfordshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Berkhamsted CastleMotte and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsBerkhamsted Castle Jan 2007.jpgEH icon.svgUnoccupied since 1495.[219]
Hertford CastleMotte and bailey11–12th centuryFragmentsHertford Castle.jpgLocal authority15th-century gatehouse survives, altered and extended in the 18–20th centuries.[220]

Isle of Wight[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Carisbrooke CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centurySubstantially intactCarisbrooke Castle gate 2.jpgEH icon.svgRefortified in the 1590s as artillery fortress, former seat of the Governor of the Isle of Wight.[221]
Norris CastleNeo-romantic castlec. 1800IntactNorris Castle - East Cowes - geograph.org.uk - 545339.jpgPrivateGothic Revival, by James Wyatt.[222]
Yarmouth CastleArtillery fort1547Substantially intactYarmouth Castle.JPGEH icon.svgAltered in the 17th century.[223]
West Cowes CastleArtillery fort16–19th centuryRebuiltCowes iw esplanade cropped.jpgRoyal Yacht SquadronFragments of a 16th-century structure incorporated in a later building.[224]

Isles of Scilly[edit]

Castles of which only vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Cromwell's CastleArtillery tower1651Substantially intactCromwell's Castle - Scilly - geograph.org.uk - 15726.jpgEH icon.svg[225]
Star CastleArtillery fort1593IntactStar Castle - geograph.org.uk - 615094.jpgHotelImportant and complete example of Elizabethan fort.[226]

Kent[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Allington CastleFortified house13–14th centuryRestoredAllington Castle.jpgWedding venueRestored in 1905–1929.[227]
Canterbury CastleTower keep12th centuryRuinsCanterbury Castle.jpgCL icon.svg
Local Authority
Demolished in 1792.[228]
Chiddingstone CastleNeo-romantic castle19th centuryIntactChiddingstone Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1260148.jpgHH icon.svg17th-century building converted to a castle in the 19th century.[229]
Chilham CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryIntactChilham Castle from Soleshill Road - geograph.org.uk - 403663 cropped.jpgNGSKeep survives with Jacobean house.[230]
Cooling CastleKeep and bailey1380sPart ruinedCooling Castle Gateway - geograph.org.uk - 1067812.jpgWedding venueWell-preserved gatehouse survives, barns used for events.[231]
Deal CastleArtillery fort16th centuryIntactDeal Castle.jpgEH icon.svgFormerly residence of Captain of the Cinque Ports.[232]
Dover CastleConcentric castle12–13th centuryIntactKeep and entrance of Dover Castle, 2007.jpgEH icon.svgAdapted for modern warfare 18–19th centuries.[233]
Eynsford CastleCastle12th centuryFragmentary ruinsEynsford Castle, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 40563.jpgEH icon.svg[234]
Hever CastleFortified manor house14th centuryRestoredHever Castle 10.JPGHH icon.svgRestored early 19th century, working portcullis.[235]
Kingsgate CastleNeo-romantic castle18–19th centuryIntactKingsgate Castle and Kingsgate Bay - geograph.org.uk - 1474011.jpgPrivate apartmentsBuilt c. 1760, rebuilt late 19th century.[236]
Leeds CastleCastle12–15th centuryRestoredCastle Leeds1 cz.jpgHH icon.svgExtensively rebuilt in 1822 and 1926.[237]
Leybourne CastleCastle13th centuryFragmentary ruinsGeograph-2055172-by-Nigel-Chadwick.jpgPrivate16th-century house partly incorporating ruins, rebuilt in 1931.[238]
Lullingstone CastleSemi-fortified house1543–80FragmentLullingstone Castle Gatehouse - geograph.org.uk - 609440.jpgHH icon.svg16th-century gatehouse incorporated into a later house.[239]
Lympne CastleFortified house13–14th centuryRestoredLympne Castle - geograph.org.uk - 57817.jpgWedding venueRestored and extended in 1907–12.[240]
Otford PalaceFortified manor house16th centuryRuinsOtford Palace Gatehouse.jpgCL icon.svg
Local Authority
The palace was one of the chain of houses belonging to the archbishops of Canterbury.[241]
Penshurst PlaceFortified manor house14–15th centuryFragmentPenshurst Place - geograph.org.uk - 841026.jpgHH icon.svgRemodelled in the 19th century, single tower and stretch of wall survive from fortifications of c. 1400.[242]
Rochester CastleTower keep1127RuinsRochester castle.jpgEH icon.svgKeep 125 ft (38 m) high to top of turrets.[243][244]
St Leonard's Tower, West MallingTower keep1080RuinsSt leonards tower.jpgEH icon.svg[245]
Saltwood CastleCastle12–14th centuryPart restoredGeograph-2161159-by-David-Anstiss.jpgPrivate[246]
Sandgate CastleArtillery fort1539–40Substantially intactSandgate Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1412667.jpgPrivateAltered in 1805–06.[247]
Scotney CastleFortified manor house1378–80FragmentScotney Castle.jpgNTE icon.svgSingle surviving tower incorporated in later house.[248]
Sissinghurst CastleFortified manor house15th centuryRebuiltSissinghurst Castle 09.JPGNTE icon.svgNo fortifications remaining.[249]
Starkey CastleManor house14th centuryFragmentStarkey Castle from Footpath - geograph.org.uk - 1062154.jpgPrivateFine medieval hall-house remains from possibly fortified manor house.[250]
Stone CastleTower12th centuryIntactStone Castle - geograph.org.uk - 893976.jpgWedding venueMedieval tower incorporated in building of 1825.[251]
Sutton Valence CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryFragmentary remainsSutton Valence Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1015834.jpgEH icon.svg[252]
Tonbridge CastleKeep and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentTonbridgeCastle0018.JPGCL icon.svg
Local authority
Gatehouse survives.[253]
Upnor CastleArtillery fort1559–67, 1599–1601Substantially intactUpnor Castle 01.jpgEH icon.svg[254]
Walmer CastleArtillery fort1539IntactWalmer Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1407476.jpgEH icon.svgResidence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports from 18th century.[255]
Westenhanger CastleFortified manor housec. 1343FragmentWestenhanger Castle - geograph.org.uk - 889584.jpgWedding venue18th-century farmouse built within ruins.[256]

Lancashire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Ashton HallTower house14–19th centuryIntactAshton Hall, south tower - geograph.org.uk - 1674506.jpgLancaster Golf ClubNear Stodday, 14th-century tower incorporated into a later building.[257]
Borwick HallPele tower14th centuryIntactGeograph-2173255-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgOutdoor education centreIncorporated in mainly 16th-century building.[258]
Clitheroe CastleKeep and bailey11–12th centuryRuinsClitheroe Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1100108.jpgCL icon.svg[259]
Hornby CastleKeep13th centuryFragmentHornby Castle, Lancashire (3).jpgPrivateKeep rebuilt early 16th century, incorporated into an 18–19th-century house.[260]
Lancaster CastleKeep and bailey11–12th centuryIntactLancaster Castle Ashton Memorial.JPGCL icon.svg
Local authority
Prison from 1745, 20th-century Shire Hall replaced medieval buildings, now Crown Court.[261]
Thurland CastleFortified manor house14–15th centuryRebuiltGeograph-1896885-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpgPrivate apartmentsNear Tunstall, ruins rebuilt in 1879–85.[31]
Turton TowerPele tower15th centuryIntactTurton Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1442216.jpgHH icon.svgIncorporated in later building.[262]

Leicestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Ashby de la Zouch CastleKeep12–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsAshbycastle.JPGEH icon.svgFortified manor converted to castle in 1474, slighted during English Civil War.[263]
Belvoir CastleNeo-romantic castle17–19th centuryIntactBelvoir Castle Leicestershire.jpgHH icon.svg
Duke of Rutland
Rebuilt in 1655–68 incorporating fragments of medieval castle, remodelled in 1801–30.[22]
Kirby Muxloe CastleQuadrangular castle1480–3Fragmentary ruinsKirby Muxloe 2.jpgEH icon.svgUnfinished.[264]
Leicester CastleCastle12–13th centuryFragmentsLeicester Castle Yard south gateway.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
Great hall survives, much altered.[265]

Lincolnshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Goltho Castle was built on the site of a Saxon fortified dwelling of c.850, established by excavation.[266]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bolingbroke CastleEnclosure castle13–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsOld-Bolingbroke-Castle.jpgEH icon.svgSlighted after brief siege in 1643.[267]
Grimsthorpe CastleCastle13th centuryFragmentGrimsthorpe Castle during an event - geograph.org.uk - 1129067.jpgHH icon.svgRemodelled in 18th and 19th centuries, retains a 13th-century south-east tower.[268]
Hussey TowerTower house14–15th centuryRuinsHussey Tower, Boston, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 62845.jpgCL icon.svg[269]
Kyme TowerCastle14th centuryFragmentSouth Kyme Tower - geograph.org.uk - 625619.jpgPrivate[270]
Lincoln CastleKeep and bailey11–13th centurySubstantially intactLincoln Castle.jpgCL icon.svg
Local Authority
Double motte and bailey.[271]
Rochford TowerFortified house15–16th centuryFragmentThe Rochford Tower, Boston, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 148581.jpgPrivate2 miles east of Boston.[272]
Somerton CastleQuadrangular castle1281–1305FragmentSomerton Castle-Geograph-1055631-by-Richard-Croft.jpgPrivateSingle tower survives, adjoining a 17th-century building.[273]
Tattershall CastleTower1430sIntactTattershall castle keep.jpgNTE icon.svgBrick tower built for Ralph Cromwell, restored in 1911–25 by Lord Curzon.[274]
Torksey CastleSemi-fortified house16th centuryFragmentary ruinsTorksey Castle - geograph.org.uk - 47205.jpgPrivateSlighted during English Civil War.[275]

Merseyside[edit]

Castles of which no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Brimstage HallTower housec. 1398Substantially intactBrimstage Hall - geograph.org.uk - 405620.jpgCrafts centreTower incorporated in later building of 16th and 19th centuries.[276]
Leasowe CastleSham castle16–19th centuryIntactLeasowe Castle.jpgHotelBuilt in 1593, extended in 1600–42 and the 19th century.[277]

Norfolk[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

The surviving motte of Thetford Castle is one of the highest in England,[278] about 80 ft (24 m) high.[279]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Baconsthorpe CastleFortified manor house15th centuryFragmentary ruinsBaconsthorpe Castle.jpgEH icon.svg[280]
Burgh CastleMotte and bailey12th centuryNo visible remainsThe Roman fort of Gariannonum - view northwest - geograph.org.uk - 693481.jpgEH icon.svg / Norfolk Archaeological TrustSite of medieval motte and bailey castle within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore.[281]
Caister CastleQuadrangular castle1432–46Fragmentary ruinsCaister Castle - geograph.org.uk - 808658.jpgCL icon.svgMoated, largely brick, built by John Fastolf, a relatively intact 90 ft (27 m) tower remains.[282]
Castle Acre CastleMotte and bailey11–12th centuryFragmentary remainsCastle Acre - geograph.org.uk - 578483.jpgEH icon.svgExtensive earthworks.[283]
Castle Rising CastleKeepc. 1138RuinsCastle-rising-castle.JPGEH icon.svg[284]
Claxton CastleCastle14–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsClaxton Castle.jpgPrivate[285]
Norwich CastleKeepc. 1095–1110IntactNorwich Castle - geograph.org.uk - 208494.jpgMuseum icon (red).svgPrison during 18–19th centuries.[286]
Oxburgh HallFortified manor housec. 1482IntactOxburgh Hall 20080719-05.jpgHH icon.svg18th- and 19th-century additions.[287]
Weeting CastleFortified manor house12th centuryFragmentary ruinsWeeting Castle - geograph.org.uk - 2377269.jpgEH icon.svg[288]

Northamptonshire[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Fotheringhay Castle was the scene of the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587.[289]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Astwell CastleFortified manor house15th centuryFragmentAstwell castle, Northhamptonshire.jpgPrivate, farmGatehouse survives alongside a 17th-century house.[290]
Barnwell CastleRectangular castlec. 1266RuinsBarnwell Castle1.jpgPrivate[291]
Rockingham CastleMotte and bailey13–19th centuryRebuiltRockingham Castle entrance.jpgHH icon.svg13th century gatehouse survives, largely rebuilt in the 16th century, remodelled in 1660 and by Anthony Salvin in 19th century.[292]
Thorpe Waterville CastleCastle14th centuryFragmentThorpewatervillecastle.jpgPrivateGreat hall with fine open roof survives, altered for use as a barn.[293]

Northumberland[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Alnham Vicars PelePele tower14th centuryRestoredThe Vicars Pele, Alnham - geograph.org.uk - 1202709 cropped.jpgPrivate[294]
Alnwick CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRestoredAlnwick Castle 02.jpgHH icon.svg
Duke of Northumberland
Remodelled by Robert Adam and Anthony Salvin.[295]
Aydon CastleFortified manor house14th centuryIntactAydon Castle 2.jpgEH icon.svgConverted to farmhouse 17th century.[296]
Bamburgh CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRestoredBamburgh 2006 closeup.jpgHH icon.svg
Lord Armstrong
Ruinous by 1704, extensively restored in 1894–1904.[21]
Barmoor CastleTower house14–19th centuryRebuiltBarmoor Castle - geograph.org.uk - 779515.jpgPrivate19th-century mansion incorporating remains of a 14th-century building.[297]
Beaufront CastleNeo-romantic castle1836–1841IntactBeaufront Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1463944.jpgPrivate19th-century mansion on the site of a 15th-century tower house.[298]
Bellister CastleCastle13–14th centuryFragmentary remainsGeograph-2067586-by-Mike-Quinn.jpgPrivateRuins adjoining a 17th-century house.[299]
Belsay CastleTower house1439–60IntactSouth frontage of Belsay Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1383674.jpgEH icon.svgLater ruined building attached.[300]
Berwick CastleCastle12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsBerwick Castle - geograph.org.uk - 768511.jpgEH icon.svg[301]
Bitchfield CastlePele tower14th centuryRestoredPrivateIncorporated in later mansion.[302]
Blenkinsop CastleTower house14th centuryRuinsBlenkinsopp - geograph.org.uk - 445936.jpgPrivateIncorporated into a 19th-century house.[303]
Bothal CastleCastle14th centuryRebuiltBothal Castle.jpgPrivateExtensively restored in the 19th century.[304]
Bywell CastleCastle15th centuryFragmentsBywell Castle.jpgPrivateGatehouse survives.[305]
Callaly CastlePele tower14–15th centuryIntactSheep Pasture in the Grounds of Callaly Castle - geograph.org.uk - 149295 (cropped).jpgPrivate apartmentsIncorporated in later country house.[306]
Cartington CastlePele tower and extensions14–15th centuryFragmentary remainsGeograph-3470758-by-Mike-Searle.jpgPrivate[307]
Chillingham CastleQuadrangular castle1344IntactChillingham Castle 011.jpgHH icon.svgAltered in the 17–19th centuries, restored after 1982.[308]
Chipchase CastleTower house14th centuryIntactChipchase Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1255527.jpgHH icon.svgIncorporated in Jacobean house, altered in the 18–19th centuries.[309]
Cocklaw TowerTower house14–15th centuryShellCocklaw Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1176584.jpgPrivate, farmNear Wall.[310]
Cockle Park TowerTower housec. 1517Substantially intactCockle Park - geograph.org.uk - 93673.jpgNewcastle University[311]
Corbridge Vicar's PelePele tower1318IntactCorbridge Vicar's Pele 105.jpgUKAL icon.svgRe-roofed in 1910.[312]
Coupland CastleTower house16–17th centuryRestoredCoupland Castle.jpgPrivateLater additions.[313]
Craster TowerPele tower14–15th centuryIntactHoliday accommodationIncorporated in later building.[314]
Crawley TowerPele tower14th centuryRuinsCrawley Tower - geograph.org.uk - 330608.jpgPrivateA cottage was built within the walls in the 18th century.[315]
Cresswell CastlePele tower15th centuryRuinCresswell Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1163700.jpg18th century-parapet.[316]
Dilston CastleTower house15th centuryRuinsDilston Castle.jpgCL icon.svgAltered in the 16–17th century, later buildings demolished.[317]
Dunstanburgh CastleKeep and bailey14th centuryFragmentary ruinsGatehouse and curtain wall of Dunstanburgh Castle, 2009.jpgEH icon.svgSpectacular coastal setting.[318]
Edlingham CastleKeep and bailey14th centuryFragmentary ruinsEdlingham Castle - Northumberland - England - 2004-10-31.jpgEH icon.svg[319]
Elsdon TowerPele tower16th centuryIntactElsdon Tower - geograph.org.uk - 374282 cropped.jpgPrivateAltered, rectory until 1960, restored in the 1990s.[320]
Embleton TowerPele tower14th centuryIntactGeograph-2151295-by-Alexander-P-Kapp cropped.jpgPrivate19th-century vicarage attached.[321]
Etal CastleCastle14th centuryFragmentary ruinsEtal Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1254407.jpgEH icon.svg[322]
Featherstone CastleCastle14th centuryIntactFeatherstone Castle.jpgPrivate14th-century tower, three further towers added in the 18–19th century.[323]
Ford CastleQuadrangular castle14th centurySubstantially intactFord Castle - geograph.org.uk - 354895.jpgPrivateConverted into mansion in the 17th century.[324]
Halton CastleTower house13–14th centuryIntactHalton Castle, Northumberland 124.jpgPrivateAttached to later house.[325]
Harbottle CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsHarbottle castle - geograph.org.uk - 583589.jpgUKAL icon.svg
Northumberland National Park
Captured by Robert Bruce in 1318.[326]
Haughton CastleTower house13–14th centuryRestoredHaughton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1272590.jpgPrivateAltered in the 18–19th centuries.[327]
Hexham Moot Hall and Old GaolFortified towers14–15th centuryIntactThe Moot Hall and the Old Gaol - geograph.org.uk - 530386.jpgMuseum icon (red).svgProbably once connected by bailey wall, AD1415 list of castles has "Turris de Hexham".[328][329]
Horsley Tower, LonghorsleyPele tower16th centuryIntactHorsley Tower - geograph.org.uk - 626935.jpgPrivate[330]
Langley CastleTower housec. 1350RestoredLangley Castle.jpgHotelRestored in the 1890s.[331]
Lemmington HallTower house15th centuryRestoredLemmington Hall - rear.jpgWedding venueIncorporated in later house.[332]
Lindisfarne CastleArtillery fort16th centuryRestoredLindisfarneCastleHolyIsland.jpgNTE icon.svgRemodelled by Edwin Lutyens 1901.[333]
Mitford CastleKeep and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsMitford Castle.jpgCL icon.svg[334]
Morpeth CastleCastle1342–9FragmentsMorpeth Castle Gatehouse.jpgLandmark TrustOnly gatehouse and a section of wall remain.[335]
Norham CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryRuinsNorham Castle.jpgEH icon.svgKeep remodelled in 1422–25, partly rebuilt in 1513–15.[336]
Preston Tower, EllinghamPele towerc. 1400FragmentPreston Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1192634.jpgCL icon.svgSouth wall remains, with two of the original four turrets.[337]
Prior Castell's TowerTower house15–16th centurySubstantially intactPele Tower, Inner Farne Island - geograph.org.uk - 2010838.jpgNTE icon.svg[338]
Prudhoe CastleCastle12–14th centuryRuinsPrudhoe Castle 2.jpgEH icon.svg[339]
Shilbottle TowerPele tower15th centuryRestoredGeograph-2156100-by-Alexander-P-Kapp cropped.jpgPrivateIncorporated into a vicarage.[340]
Shortflatt TowerPele tower14–15th centuryRestoredWedding venueIncorporated in later house.[341]
Thirlwall CastleTower house14th centuryFragmentary ruinsThirlwall Castle - geograph.org.uk - 127117.jpgUKAL icon.svg
Northumberland National Park
Built with stone from Hadrian's Wall.[342]
Warkworth CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRuinsWarkworth Castle interior, 2007.jpgEH icon.svg[343]
Whittingham TowerPele tower13–14th centuryRestoredWhittingham Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1332545.jpgPrivateConverted for use as almshouses in 1845.[344]
Whitton TowerPele towerc. 1386IntactHoliday accommodationNear Rothbury, well-preserved.[345]
Willimoteswick CastleFortified manor house16th centuryRuinsWillimoteswick Bastle, Haltwhistle - geograph.org.uk - 124371.jpgPrivate, farmIncorporates remains of earlier building, largely rebuilt in 1900.[346]

North Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Ayton CastleCastle13–14th centuryFragmentAyton Castle.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
[347]
Barden TowerCastle15th centuryRuinsBarden Tower - geograph.org.uk - 38331.jpgCL icon.svg[348]
Bolton CastleQuadrangular castle14th centuryRuinsBolton Castle.JPGCL icon.svgBesieged and slighted during English Civil War.[349]
Cawood CastleQuadrangular castle1374–88FragmentsCawood Castle.jpgLandmark TrustLargely demolished in 1750, gatehouse survives.[350]
Clifford's TowerKeep13th centuryRestoredCliffordstower1.jpgEH icon.svgReduced in height 1596.[351]
Crayke CastleTower house15th centuryRestoredGeograph-2299216-by-Paul-Buckingham.jpgPrivate18th- and 19th-century additions and alterations.[352]
Danby CastleQuadrangular castle14th centuryFragmentary ruinsDanby Castle Ruins - geograph.org.uk - 146101.jpgPrivate, farmPartly used as farm buildings.[353]
Gilling CastleTower house14th centuryIntactSt. Martin's Ampleforth School16th- and 18th-century additions and alterations.[354]
Hazlewood CastleCastle13–18th centuryRebuiltHazlewood Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1752647.jpgHotelAltered in the 18th and 20th centuries, formerly Carmelite retreat centre.[355]
Hellifield PeelTower house14–15th centuryRestoredHellifield Peel - geograph.org.uk - 640957.jpgHotelRestored 2005.[356]
Helmsley CastleCastle12–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsHelmsley Castle3.jpgEH icon.svgSeverely slighted in 1645.[357]
Hornby CastleCourtyard castle14–15th centuryRestoredHornby castle 2932 large.jpgPrivateConverted to country house by John Carr, 18th century.[358]
Knaresborough CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryFragmentary ruinsKnaresborough Castle ruins.jpgCL icon.svg
Duchy of Lancaster
[359]
Marmion TowerFortified manor house15th centuryFragmentMarmion Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1690757.jpgEH icon.svgSurviving gatehouse of Tanfield Castle.[360]
Middleham CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRuinsMiddlehamCJW.jpgEH icon.svg[361]
(Old) Mulgrave CastleEnclosure castle12–13th centuryFragmentary ruinsEastern Guard Tower, Mulgrave Castle - geograph.org.uk - 401799.jpgCL icon.svg
Marquess of Normanby
Superseded by 18–19th-century castellated mansion also known as Mulgrave Castle.[362]
Nappa HallFortified manor house1459IntactGeograph-1809781-by-Peter-McDermott.jpgPrivateEnlarged in the 17th century, little altered since.[363]
Pickering CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRuinsPickeringCastle.jpgEH icon.svg[364]
Ravensworth CastleCastle14th centuryFragmentary remainsRavensworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1709271.jpgPrivate[365]
Richmond CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryRuinsThe Keep at Richmond Castle.jpgEH icon.svgKeep 100 ft (30 m) high.[366]
Ripley CastleTower house15–16th centuryRebuiltRipley Castle - geograph.org.uk - 778601.jpgHH icon.svgExtended in 1783–36 in Gothic Revival style.[367]
Scarborough CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryRuinsScarborough Castle 3.jpgEH icon.svg[368]
Sheriff Hutton CastleQuadrangular castle1382Fragmentary ruinsSheriff Hutton Castle. - geograph.org.uk - 1036360.jpgPrivate[369]
Skelton CastleCastellated house13–19th centuryIntactSkelton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 92653.jpgPrivate18–19th-century house incorporates remains of medieval castle.[370]
Skipton CastleCastle12–17th centuryRestoredSkipton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1202627.jpgHH icon.svgPartly demolished in 1649, rebuilt in 1657–58.[371]
Snape CastleCastle15–18th centuryPartly ruinedSnape Castle.jpgPrivateMostly reconstructed in the 17th century.[372]
South Cowton CastleTower house15th centuryRestoredCowton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1104614 cropped.jpgPrivateAltered in the 19th century, farmhouse.[373]
Spofforth CastleFortified manor house13–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsSpofforth Castle.jpgEH icon.svg[374]
Whorlton CastleCastle14–16th centuryFragmentary ruinsWhorlton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 517497.jpgCL icon.svgRemains of gatehouse.[375]
Wilton CastleNeo-romantic castlec. 1810IntactGeograph-2264814-by-Paul-Buckingham.jpgPrivate apartmentsBy Smirke on site of medieval castle.[376]

Nottinghamshire[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Halloughton Manor HousePele tower14th centuryIntactHalloughton Village - geograph.org.uk - 40839.jpgPrivateAttached to later building.[377]
Newark CastleCastle12–14th centuryRuinsNewark Castle, 06-2013 (9).jpgCL icon.svg / Newark District CouncilGatehouse, part of curtain wall and a tower remain.[378]
Nottingham CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsNottingham Castle Gate 2009.jpgMuseum icon (red).svg
Nottingham City Council
Demolished in 1651, later mansion on site, a much-restored 14th-century gatehouse remains.[379]

Oxfordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bampton CastleQuadrangular castlec. 1315FragmentBamptonCastle.jpgPrivateParts of gatehouse and curtain wall survive in later house, Ham Court.[380]
Broughton CastleFortified manor house14–15th centuryIntactBroughton Castle entrance - geograph.org.uk - 1464252.jpgHH icon.svgRemodelled in the 15–18th centuries.[381]
Hanwell CastleCastellated house15–16th centuryFragmentHanwell Castle Geograph-2517778-by-Ian-Rob.jpgPrivateLarge surviving tower of unfortified building.[382]
Oxford CastleMotte and bailey11–12th centuryFragmentTidmarsh Lane - geograph.org.uk - 1621185 cropped.jpgHotelMotte and the unusual, possibly Saxon, St. George's Tower.[383]
Rotherfield Greys CastleFortified manor house14th centuryFragmentGeograph-1781792-by-don-cload.jpgNTE icon.svgTowers and section of wall survive, close to Greys Court.[384]
Shirburn CastleQuadrangular castlec. 1378RebuiltShirburn-cropped.jpgPrivateOriginally stone, largely rebuilt in brick c. 1720, remodelled in the 19th century.[385]
Wallingford CastleMotte and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsWallingford castle 3 - geograph.org.uk - 920481.jpgCL icon.svgSlighted in 1652, impressive earthworks remain.[386]

Rutland[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Oakham CastleMotte and bailey12–13th centuryFragmentOakham Castle.jpgCL icon.svg / Rutland County CouncilAisled great hall built in 1180–1190 survives.[387]

Shropshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Acton Burnell CastleFortified manor house13th centuryRuinsActonBurnellCastlec.jpgEH icon.svgShell, used as a barn in the 18th century.[388]
Alberbury CastleCastle13th centuryFragmentary remainsAlberbury Castle.jpgUKAL icon.svg[389]
Bridgnorth CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryFragmentary remainsBridgnorth castle DSC00377.JPGCL icon.svgSlighted in 1645.[390]
Broncroft CastleFortified manor house14th centuryIntactBroncroft Castle - geograph.org.uk - 148456.jpgPrivateRenovated in the 19th century.[391]
Cheney Longville CastleFortified manor house14–17th centuryPart habitableGeograph-3083955-by-Jeremy-Bolwell-cropped.jpgPrivateBuilding At Risk.[392]
Clun CastleKeep and bailey13th centuryFragmentary remainsClun Castle 03.jpgEH icon.svgRuins of keep built onto side of motte.[393]
Hopton CastleKeep and bailey14th centuryRuinsHopton Castle.jpgCL icon.svg[394]
Ludlow CastleKeep and bailey11–14th centuryRuinsLudlow Castle from Whitcliffe, 2011.jpgCL icon.svg
Earl of Powis
One of the great Welsh border castles.[395]
Moreton Corbet CastleKeep12th centuryFragmentary remainsMoretoncorbet2c.jpgEH icon.svgAdjoining ruins of a 16th-century building.[396]
Quatford CastleNeo-romantic castlec. 1830IntactQuatford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 423490.jpgPrivateNearby are earthwork remains of the medieval Quatford Castle.[397]
Red CastleCastle13th centuryFragmentary remains.Redcastle1854.jpgCL icon.svgOvergrown, feature of Hawkstone Park landscape garden. Building At Risk.[398]
Rowton CastleSham castle18–19th centuryIntactRowton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 630094.jpgHotelOn site of medieval castle, remodelled in 1809–12 by George Wyatt.[399]
Shrewsbury CastleCastle12th centuryRebuiltShrewsbury Castle looking NW - geograph.org.uk - 2808.jpgMuseum icon (red).svg
Shropshire Council
Restored and extended in 1642, altered c. 1790 by Telford.[400]
Stokesay CastleFortified manor house13–14th centuryIntactExterior of Stokesay Castle, 2006.jpgEH icon.svgRestored in the 19th century.[401]
Wattlesborough CastleCastle13–14th centuryFragmentWattlesborough Hall - geograph.org.uk - 757775.jpgPrivateNear Rowton, keep/tower survives, adjoining Wattlesborough Hall.[402]
Whittington CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryFragmentsWhittington Castle 04.jpgCL icon.svg
Local community
Gatehouse towers survive.[403]

Somerset[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Banwell CastleNeo-romantic castlec. 1848IntactBanwell Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1126175.jpgRestaurantArchitect not known.[404]
Beckington Castle17th centuryRebuiltBeckington Castle - geograph.org.uk - 814491.jpgCompany HQMedieval remains incorporated in later building.[405]
Dunster CastleCastle13–19th centuryRebuiltDunster Castle.jpgNTE icon.svgExisting house dates largely from c. 1571, with 18–19th-century alterations.[406]
Farleigh Hungerford CastleEnclosure castle14–15th centuryRuinsFarleigh Hungerford Castle gate.JPGEH icon.svgOn high ground above the River Frome.[407]
Newton St Loe CastleFortified manor house14th centuryFragmentCastle Keep in Newton St. Loe College - geograph.org.uk - 642177 cropped.jpgBath Spa UniversityLarge tower and gatehouse, altered in the 16–17th century.[408]
Nunney CastleQuadrangular castle1373RuinsNunney Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1214430.jpgEH icon.svgTowers originally had conical roofs, north wall collapsed in 1910.[409]
Stogursey CastleMotte and bailey11–12th centuryFragmentary remainsStogursey Castle - geograph.org.uk - 878178.jpgLandmark Trust17th-century house built within the remains of the castle.[410]
Sutton CourtFortified manor house14–15th centuryFragmentSutton Court.JPGPrivate apartmentsShort length of embattled wall and a tower survive, incorporated in large house, restored in the 19th century.[411]
Taunton CastleShell keep13th centuryRestoredTaunton Castle.JPGMuseum icon (red).svgNow houses the Museum of Somerset, Castle Hotel incorporates remains of an outer gatehouse.[412]
Walton CastleSham castle1615–20RestoredWalton Castle.jpgPrivateRestored as private house 20th century.[413]
Wells Bishop's PalaceFortified palace13–15th centurySubstantially intactGatehouse to Bishop's Palace at Wells - geograph.org.uk - 916441.jpgHH icon.svg
Church of England
Adjacent to cathedral, residence of the Bishop of Bath and Wells.[414]

South Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Conisbrough CastleKeep and bailey12th centuryRuinsConisbrough Castle Doncaster winter time.jpgEH icon.svgCylindrical keep, castle ruinous before English Civil War, so escaped slighting.[415]
Tickhill CastleMotte and bailey11–14th centuryFragmentary remainsTickhill Castle - geograph.org.uk - 297181 cropped.jpgPrivateRuined gatehouse and parts of curtain walls remain.[416]

Staffordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Alton CastleCastle12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsAlton Castle.jpgYouth centreCliff-top position, site partly occupied by a 19th-century building.[417]
Caverswall CastleEnclosure castlec. 1275Substantially intactCaverswall Castle.jpgPrivateMoated, walls and towers reduced in height, a 17th-century mansion built within.[418]
Chartley CastleMotte and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsChartley Castle ruins 2.jpgPrivateAltered in 13th century to form enclosure castle, abandoned by 1485.[419]
Eccleshall CastleCastle14th centuryFragmentary remainsEccleshallCastle.jpgPrivateRemains partly incorporated into house of c. 1695, rebuilt in the 19th century.[420]
Stafford CastleMotte and bailey11–12th centuryEarthworksStafford Castle 2.jpgCL icon.svg / Stafford Borough CouncilMedieval keep partly rebuilt in the 19th century, then partly demolished.[421]
Stourton CastleCastle14–15th centuryFragmentStourton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 196085.jpgPrivateRemains incorporated in later buildings.[422]
Tamworth CastleShell keep11–13th centuryRebuiltTamworth Castle 343714.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
Largely rebuilt in the 16–18th centuries.[423]
Tutbury CastleMotte and bailey12–15th centuryFragmentary ruinsThe entrance to Tutbury Castle - geograph.org.uk - 632661.jpgCL icon.svgSlighted in 1647–48, a 19th-century folly stands on the motte.[424]

Suffolk[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Bungay CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsBungay - Castle Remains.jpgCL icon.svg / Bungay Castle TrustAbandoned c. 1365.[425]
Clare CastleMotte and bailey11th centuryFragmentary remainsRemains of Clare castle keep - geograph.org.uk - 980544.jpgCL icon.svgMotte 53 ft (16 m) high.[426]
Eye CastleMotte and bailey11th centuryFragmentary remainsEye Castle - geograph.org.uk - 712956.jpgCL icon.svgMotte over 40 ft (12 m) high.[427]
Framlingham CastleEnclosure castle12th centuryRuinsFranglingham Castle 01.jpgEH icon.svgUsed as a poor house in the 17–19th centuries.[428]
Mettingham CastleFortified manor housec. 1342Fragmentary remainsEntrance to Mettingham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 984718.jpgPrivateGatehouse survives.[429]
Orford CastleKeep1165–73Intact2008-05-17 GreatBritain OrfordCastle.jpgEH icon.svgUnique polygonal keep survives.[430]
Wingfield CastleCastlec. 1385FragmentWingfield Castle - geograph.org.uk - 354164.jpgPrivateSouth curtain wall, gatehouse and east drawbridge survive, with a 16–17th-century house.[431]

Surrey[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Farnham CastleKeep and bailey12th centurySubstantially intactThe Great Keep, Farnham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 384015.jpgEH icon.svgShell keep replaced earlier keep part buried, part remodelled in the 17th century.[432]
Guildford CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryRuinsGuildford castle 1.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
Tower keep survives, roofless since c. 17th century.[433]

Tyne and Wear[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Hylton CastleTower housec. 1400RuinsHylton Castle.jpgEH icon.svgLarge gatehouse tower, incorporated into an 18th-century house, since demolished.[434]
Newcastle CastleKeep and bailey1172–77RestoredBlack Gate and Keep - Newcastle Upon Tyne - geograph.org.uk - 514240.jpgCL icon.svg / Newcastle City CouncilKeep and gatehouse survive.[435]
Old HollinsideFortified manor house13th centuryRuinsOld Hollinside - geograph.org.uk - 853962.jpgOn slope overlooking River Derwent.[436]
Ravensworth CastleQuadrangular castle14–19th centuryRuinsRavensworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1558897.jpgPrivateTwo towers of medieval castle survive, amidst ruins of later building. Building At Risk.[437]
Tynemouth CastleEnclosure castle13–14th centuryRuinsTynemouth Castle1.jpgEH icon.svgBuilt to enclose and protect the priory, modified as artillery castle 16th century.[438]

Warwickshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Astley CastleFortified manor house13–14th centuryShellAstley Castle - geograph.org.uk - 480702.jpgLandmark TrustAltered 15–19th centuries, hotel prior to fire in 1978. Modern living space constructed within shell, winner of Stirling Prize 2013.[439]
Kenilworth CastleKeep and bailey12–14th centuryRuinsKenilworth Castle from south-east, 2010.jpgEH icon.svgAltered in the 16th century, slighted in 1650.[440]
Maxstoke CastleQuadrangular castle14–15th centurySubstantially intactMaxstoke Castle, 2010.jpgNGSMoated, domestic buildings of 15–19th centuries within curtain walls.[441]
Warwick CastleCastle13–15th centuryIntactWarwickCastle FromStMarysChurch 2.jpgHH icon.svgGuy's tower rises 128 ft (39 m), 17th-century residential block, remodelled by Anthony Salvin after fire.[442]

West Midlands[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Dudley CastleKeep and bailey13–14th centuryRuinsDudley Castle -England-8.jpgCL icon.svg
Dudley Zoo
Slighted in 1647, then rebuilt and inhabited until destroyed by fire in 1750, partly restored in the 19th century.[443]

West Sussex[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Amberley CastleCastle1377–82Partly habitableAmberley castle.jpgHotelRemodelled in the 16th century and later, incorporates a 12th-century manor, working portcullis.[444]
Arundel CastleKeep and bailey12–13th centuryHeavily restoredArundel, the castle from the southeast - geograph.org.uk - 479538.jpgHH icon.svg
Duke of Norfolk
Remodelled in 1791–1815 and 1890–1903.[445]
Bramber CastleKeep and bailey11–12th centuryFragmentary remainsBramber castle.jpgEH icon.svgCommanding position, earthworks and fragment of wall remain.[446]
Halnaker HouseFortified manor house13–14th centuryRuinsGeograph-2104691-by-Colin-Smith.jpgPrivateAltered in the 18th century, fell into ruin 1880s, replaced by later house of same name.[447]

West Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Dobroyd CastleSham Castle1866–9IntactDobroyd Castle, Todmorden - geograph.org.uk - 94344.jpgActivity centreBy John Gibson.[448]
Harewood CastleTower house14th centuryRuinsHarewood Castle.jpgPrivateShell of tower, substantially intact, within Harewood House estate.[449]
Pontefract CastleEnclosure castle12–13th centuryFragmentary remainsPontefract Castle Keep1.jpgCL icon.svg
Local authority
Royal castle, withstood three sieges during English Civil War, afterwards dismantled.[450]
Sandal CastleMotte and bailey12th centuryFragmentary remainsSandalCastleMotte.jpgCL icon.svgWell-preserved earthworks, excavated site with visitor centre.[451]

Wiltshire[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Devizes CastleNeo-romantic castle19th centuryIntactEntrance, Devizes Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1022978.jpgPrivate apartmentsPresent building begun 1842 on site of important medieval castle.[452]
Longford CastleSham castle1591IntactLongford Castle rear.jpgEarl of RadnorRemodelled in the 18th century.[453]
Ludgershall CastleRingwork11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsLudgershall Castle - geograph.org.uk - 218171.jpgEH icon.svgRemains of a tower and extensive earthworks.[454]
Old Sarum CastleMotte and bailey11–13th centuryFragmentary remainsOld Sarum Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1188552.jpgEH icon.svgOn site of Iron Age hill fort.[455]
Old Wardour CastleCastlec. 1393RuinsOld Wardour Castle, Wiltshire - geograph.org.uk - 1758573.jpgEH icon.svgRemodelled in the 16–17th centuries, superseded by Palladian building known as New Wardour Castle.[456]

Worcestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

NameTypeDateConditionImageOwnership / AccessNotes
Caldwall CastleFortified manor house15–16th centuryFragmentGeograph-2058729-by-Richard-Rogerson cropped.jpgPrivateSingle surviving tower, in Kidderminster, Caldwall or Caldwell.[457]
Hartlebury CastleFortified manor house15th centuryRebuiltHartlebury Castle - geograph.org.uk - 419175.jpgMuseum icon (red).svg
Church of England
15th-century remains incorporated in later buildings, residence of Bishop of Worcester until 2007, houses Worcestershire County Museum.[458]
Holt CastleCastle14–19th centuryIntactHolt castle 850843 62546082.jpgWedding venueMedieval tower incorporated in later buildings.[459]
Worcester CastleCastle13–14th centuryFragmentThe Edgar Tower, Worcester - geograph.org.uk - 503034.jpgChurch of EnglandEdgar Tower, now the entrance to College Green, may incorporate the remains of a castle gatehouse.[460]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Key to sources


  1. ^ Brown (1962), p.16.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw King (1983).
  3. ^ Brown (1962), p.24.
  4. ^ Brown (1962), p.43.
  5. ^ Brown (1962), p.50.
  6. ^ Brown (1962), p.84
  7. ^ Higham & Barker (1992), pp.194–198.
  8. ^ Brown (1962), p.95.
  9. ^ Brown (1962), p.221.
  10. ^ Brown (1962), p.129.
  11. ^ Brown (1962), p.131.
  12. ^ Brown (1962), p.172.
  13. ^ Brown (1962), p.15.
  14. ^ Elton (1991), p.154.
  15. ^ Harrington (2007), p.8.
  16. ^ Brown (1962), p.128.
  17. ^ Harrington (2007), p.2.
  18. ^ a b "Pendennis Castle" PSC.
  19. ^ a b Brown (1962), p.146.
  20. ^ Creighton & Higham (2003), p.64.
  21. ^ a b "Bamburgh Castle" PSC.
  22. ^ a b c "Belvoir Castle" PSC.
  23. ^ Thompson (1987), pp.161–163.
  24. ^ Impey & Parnell (2000), pp.118–121.
  25. ^ a b "Peckforton Castle" BLB.
  26. ^ Renn (1984) pp.277–278. See King (1988), p.173 for how some people criticised the inclusion of Henry VIII's artillery forts in King's index of castles, Castellarium Anglicanum.
  27. ^ a b Pastscape
  28. ^ a b "Portchester Castle" PSC.
  29. ^ a b c Gatehouse
  30. ^ "Greystoke Castle " PSC.
  31. ^ a b "Thurland Castle" PSC.
  32. ^ a b c British Listed Buildings
  33. ^ a b "Corby Castle " PSC.
  34. ^ "Bedford Castle" PSC.
  35. ^ "Someries Castle" PSC.
  36. ^ "Donnington Castle" PSC.
  37. ^ "Windsor Castle" BLB.
  38. ^ "Boarstall Tower" PSC.
  39. ^ "Buckden Palace" PSC.
  40. ^ "Elton Hall" PSC.
  41. ^ "Kimbolton Castle" PSC.
  42. ^ "Kirtling Tower" PSC.
  43. ^ "Longthorpe Tower" PSC.
  44. ^ "Northborough Castle" PSC.
  45. ^ "Woodcroft Castle" PSC.
  46. ^ "Beeston Castle" PSC.
  47. ^ "Chester Castle" PSC.
  48. ^ "Cholmondeley Castle" BLB.
  49. ^ "Delves Hall" PSC.
  50. ^ "Halton Castle" PSC.
  51. ^ "Auckland Castle" PSC.
  52. ^ "Barnard Castle" PSC.
  53. ^ "Bowes Castle" PSC.
  54. ^ "Brancepeth Castle" PSC.
  55. ^ "Durham Castle" PSC.
  56. ^ "Lambton Castle" PSC.
  57. ^ "Lumley Castle" PSC.
  58. ^ "Mortham Tower" PSC.
  59. ^ "Raby Castle" PSC.
  60. ^ "Lambton Castle" PSC.
  61. ^ "Scargill Castle" PSC.
  62. ^ "Walworth Castle" PSC.
  63. ^ "Witton Castle" PSC.
  64. ^ "Caerhays Castle" PSC.
  65. ^ "Carn Brea Castle" PSC.
  66. ^ "Ince Castle" PSC.
  67. ^ "Launceston Castle" PSC.
  68. ^ "Pengersick Castle" PSC.
  69. ^ "Place House" PSC.
  70. ^ "Restormel Castle" PSC.
  71. ^ "St. Catherine's Castle" PSC.
  72. ^ "St. Mawes Castle" PSC.
  73. ^ "St. Michael's Mount" PSC.
  74. ^ "Tintagel Castle" PSC.
  75. ^ "Trematon Castle" PSC.
  76. ^ "Appleby Castle" PSC.
  77. ^ "Armathwaite Castle" PSC.
  78. ^ "Arnside Tower" PSC.
  79. ^ "Askerton Castle" PSC.
  80. ^ "Beetham Hall" PSC.
  81. ^ "Bewcastle Castle" PSC.
  82. ^ "Bewley Castle" PSC.
  83. ^ "Blencow Hall" PSC.
  84. ^ "Brackenburgh Old Tower" PSC.
  85. ^ "Brackenhill Tower" PSC.
  86. ^ "Branthwaite Hall" PSC.
  87. ^ "Brough Castle" PSC.
  88. ^ "Brougham Castle" PSC.
  89. ^ "Brougham Hall" PSC.
  90. ^ "Broughton Tower" PSC.
  91. ^ "Burneside Hall" PSC.
  92. ^ "Carlisle Castle" PSC.
  93. ^ "Catterlen Hall" PSC.
  94. ^ "Clifton Hall" PSC.
  95. ^ "Cockermouth Castle" PSC.
  96. ^ "Dacre Castle" PSC.
  97. ^ "Dalston Hall" PSC.
  98. ^ "Dalton Castle" PSC.
  99. ^ "Drawdykes Castle" PSC.
  100. ^ "Drumburgh Castle" PSC.
  101. ^ "Gleaston Castle" PSC.
  102. ^ "Greystoke Castle" PSC.
  103. ^ "Harbybrow Tower" PSC.
  104. ^ "Hayton Castle" PSC.
  105. ^ "Hazelslack Tower" PSC.
  106. ^ "Howgill Castle" PSC.
  107. ^ "Hutton-in-the-Forest" PSC.
  108. ^ "Hutton John" PSC.
  109. ^ "Ingmire Hall" PSC.
  110. ^ "Isel Hall" PSC.
  111. ^ "Kendal Castle" PSC.
  112. ^ "Kentmere Hall" PSC.
  113. ^ "Kirkandrews Tower" PSC.
  114. ^ "Linstock Castle" PSC.
  115. ^ "Lowther Castle" PSC.
  116. ^ "Middleton Hall" PSC.
  117. ^ "Millom Castle" PSC.
  118. ^ "Muncaster Castle" PSC.
  119. ^ "Naworth Castle" PSC.
  120. ^ "Newbiggin Hall" PSC.
  121. ^ "Pendragon Castle" PSC.
  122. ^ "Penrith Castle" PSC.
  123. ^ "Piel Castle" PSC.
  124. ^ "Prior's Tower" PSC.
  125. ^ "Rose Castle" PSC.
  126. ^ "Scaleby Castle" PSC.
  127. ^ "Sizergh Castle" PSC.
  128. ^ "Toppin Castle" BLB.
  129. ^ "Ubarrow Hall" PSC.
  130. ^ "Wharton Hall" PSC.
  131. ^ "Whitehall, Allhallows" BLB.
  132. ^ Emery (1996), p.256.
  133. ^ "Workington Hall" PSC.
  134. ^ "Wray Castle" PSC.
  135. ^ "Wraysholme Tower" PSC.
  136. ^ "Yanwath Hall" PSC.
  137. ^ "Bolsover Castle" PSC.
  138. ^ "Codnor Castle" PSC.
  139. ^ "Elvaston Castle" PSC.
  140. ^ "Haddon Hall" PSC.
  141. ^ "Mackworth Castle" PSC.
  142. ^ "Peveril Castle" PSC.
  143. ^ "Riber Castle" BLB.
  144. ^ "Wingfield Manor" PSC.
  145. ^ "Affeton Castle" BLB.
  146. ^ "Berry Pomeroy Castle" PSC.
  147. ^ "Bickleigh Castle" PSC.
  148. ^ "Compton Castle" PSC.
  149. ^ "Dartmouth Castle" PSC.
  150. ^ "Castle Drogo" PSC.
  151. ^ "Gidleigh Castle" PSC.
  152. ^ "Hemyock Castle" PSC.
  153. ^ "Kingswear Castle" PSC.
  154. ^ "Lydford Castle" PSC.
  155. ^ "Marisco Castle" PSC.
  156. ^ "Okehampton Castle" PSC.
  157. ^ "Plympton Castle" PSC.
  158. ^ "Powderham Castle" PSC.
  159. ^ "Rougemont Castle" PSC.
  160. ^ "Salcombe Castle" PSC.
  161. ^ "Tiverton Castle" PSC.
  162. ^ "Totnes Castle" PSC.
  163. ^ "Watermouth Castle" PSC.
  164. ^ "Brownsea Castle" PSC.
  165. ^ "Christchurch Castle" PSC.
  166. ^ "Corfe Castle" PSC.
  167. ^ "Lulworth Castle" PSC.
  168. ^ "Pennsylvania Castle" PSC.
  169. ^ "Portland Castle" PSC.
  170. ^ "Rufus Castle" PSC.
  171. ^ "Sherborne Old Castle" PSC.
  172. ^ "Woodsford Castle" PSC.
  173. ^ "Paull Holme Tower" PSC.
  174. ^ "Skipsea Castle" PSC.
  175. ^ "Wressle Castle" PSC.
  176. ^ "Bodiam Castle" PSC.
  177. ^ "Camber Castle" PSC.
  178. ^ "Hastings Castle" PSC.
  179. ^ "Herstmonceux Castle" PSC.
  180. ^ "Lewes Castle" PSC.
  181. ^ "Pevensey Castle" PSC.
  182. ^ "Ypres Tower" PSC.
  183. ^ "Pleshey Castle" PSC.
  184. ^ "Colchester Castle" PSC.
  185. ^ "Hadleigh Castle" PSC.
  186. ^ "Hedingham Castle" PSC.
  187. ^ "Walden Castle" PSC.
  188. ^ "Berkeley Castle" PSC.
  189. ^ "Beverstone Castle" PSC.
  190. ^ "St. Briavel's Castle" PSC.
  191. ^ "Sudeley Castle" PSC.
  192. ^ "Thornbury Castle" PSC.
  193. ^ "White Tower" PSC.
  194. ^ "Radcliffe Tower" PSC.
  195. ^ "Calshot Castle" PSC.
  196. ^ "Hurst Castle" PSC.
  197. ^ "Netley Castle" PSC.
  198. ^ "Odiham Castle" PSC.
  199. ^ "Southampton Castle" PSC.
  200. ^ "Southsea Castle" PSC.
  201. ^ "Winchester Castle" PSC.
  202. ^ "Wolvesey Castle" PSC.
  203. ^ "Ewyas Harold Castle" PSC.
  204. ^ "Brampton Bryan Castle" PSC.
  205. ^ "Clifford Castle" PSC.
  206. ^ "Croft Castle" PSC.
  207. ^ "Downton Castle" BLB.
  208. ^ "Eastnor Castle" PSC.
  209. ^ "Goodrich Castle" PSC.
  210. ^ "Hampton Court" PSC.
  211. ^ "Kentchurch Court" PSC.
  212. ^ "Kinnersley Castle" PSC.
  213. ^ "Longtown Castle" PSC.
  214. ^ "Pembridge Castle" PSC.
  215. ^ "Snodhill Castle" PSC.
  216. ^ "Treago Castle" PSC.
  217. ^ "Wigmore Castle" PSC.
  218. ^ "Wilton Castle" PSC.
  219. ^ "Berkhamsted Castle" PSC.
  220. ^ "Hertford Castle" PSC.
  221. ^ "Carisbrooke Castle" PSC.
  222. ^ "Norris Castle" PSC.
  223. ^ "Yarmouth Castle" PSC.
  224. ^ "West Cowes Castle" PSC.
  225. ^ "Cromwell's Castle" PSC.
  226. ^ "Star Castle" PSC.
  227. ^ "Allington Castle" PSC.
  228. ^ "Canterbury Castle" PSC.
  229. ^ "Chiddingstone Castle" PSC.
  230. ^ "Chilham Castle" PSC.
  231. ^ "Cooling Castle" PSC.
  232. ^ "Deal Castle" PSC.
  233. ^ "Dover Castle" PSC.
  234. ^ "Eynsford Castle" PSC.
  235. ^ "Hever Castle" PSC.
  236. ^ "Kingsgate Castle" BLB.
  237. ^ "Leeds Castle" PSC.
  238. ^ "Leybourne Castle" PSC.
  239. ^ "Lullingstone Castle" PSC.
  240. ^ "Lympne Castle" PSC.
  241. ^ "Otford Palace 1" "Otford Palace 2" BLB.
  242. ^ "Penshurst Place" BLB.
  243. ^ Brown (1962), p.69.
  244. ^ "Rochester Castle" PSC.
  245. ^ "St. Leonard's Tower" PSC.
  246. ^ "Saltwood Castle" PSC.
  247. ^ "Sandgate Castle" PSC.
  248. ^ "Scotney Castle" PSC.
  249. ^ "Sissinghurst Castle" PSC.
  250. ^ "Starkey Castle" BLB.
  251. ^ "Stone Castle" PSC.
  252. ^ "Sutton Valence Castle" PSC.
  253. ^ "Tonbridge Castle" PSC.
  254. ^ "Upnor Castle" PSC.
  255. ^ "Walmer Castle" PSC.
  256. ^ "Westenhanger Castle" PSC.
  257. ^ "Ashton Hall" PSC.
  258. ^ "Borwick Hall" PSC.
  259. ^ "Clitheroe Castle" PSC.
  260. ^ "Hornby Castle" PSC.
  261. ^ "Lancaster Castle" PSC.
  262. ^ "Turton Tower" PSC.
  263. ^ "Ashby de la Zouch Castle" PSC.
  264. ^ "Kirby Muxloe Castle" PSC.
  265. ^ "Leicester Castle" PSC.
  266. ^ "Goltho Castle" PSC.
  267. ^ "Bolingbroke Castle" PSC.
  268. ^ "Grimsthorpe Castle" PSC.
  269. ^ "Hussey Tower" PSC.
  270. ^ "Kyme Tower" PSC.
  271. ^ "Lincoln Castle" PSC.
  272. ^ "Rochford Tower" PSC.
  273. ^ "Somerton Castle" PSC.
  274. ^ "Tattershall Castle" PSC.
  275. ^ "Torksey Castle" PSC.
  276. ^ "Brimstage Hall" PSC.
  277. ^ "Leasowe Castle" PSC.
  278. ^ Brown (1962), p.59.
  279. ^ "Thetford Castle" PSC.
  280. ^ "Baconsthorpe Castle" PSC.
  281. ^ "Burgh Castle" PSC.
  282. ^ "Caister Castle" PSC.
  283. ^ "Castle Acre Castle" PSC.
  284. ^ "Castle Rising Castle" PSC.
  285. ^ "Claxton Castle" PSC.
  286. ^ "Norwich Castle" PSC.
  287. ^ "Oxburgh Hall" PSC.
  288. ^ "Weeting Castle" PSC.
  289. ^ "Fotheringhay Castle" PSC.
  290. ^ "Astwell Castle" PSC.
  291. ^ "Barnwell Castle" PSC.
  292. ^ "Rockingham Castle" PSC.
  293. ^ "Thorpe Waterville Castle" PSC.
  294. ^ "Alnham Vicars Pele" PSC.
  295. ^ "Alnwick Castle" PSC.
  296. ^ "Aydon Castle" PSC.
  297. ^ "Barmoor Castle" BLB.
  298. ^ "Beaufront Castle" PSC.
  299. ^ "Bellister Castle" PSC.
  300. ^ "Belsay Castle" PSC.
  301. ^ "Berwick Castle" PSC.
  302. ^ "Bitchfield Castle" PSC.
  303. ^ "Blenkinsop Castle" PSC.
  304. ^ "Bothal Castle" PSC.
  305. ^ "Bywell Castle" PSC.
  306. ^ "Callaly Castle" PSC.
  307. ^ "Cartington Castle" PSC.
  308. ^ "Chillingham Castle" PSC.
  309. ^ "Chipchase Castle" PSC.
  310. ^ "Cocklaw Tower" PSC.
  311. ^ "Cockle Park Tower" PSC.
  312. ^ "Corbridge Vicar's Pele" PSC.
  313. ^ "Coupland Castle" PSC.
  314. ^ "Craster Tower" PSC.
  315. ^ "Crawley Tower" PSC.
  316. ^ "Cresswell Castle" PSC.
  317. ^ "Dilston Castle" PSC.
  318. ^ "Dunstanburgh Castle" PSC.
  319. ^ "Edlingham Castle" PSC.
  320. ^ "Elsdon Tower" PSC.
  321. ^ "Embleton Tower" PSC.
  322. ^ "Etal Castle" PSC.
  323. ^ "Featherstone Castle" PSC.
  324. ^ "Ford Castle" PSC.
  325. ^ "Halton Castle" PSC.
  326. ^ "Harbottle Castle" PSC.
  327. ^ "Haughton Castle" PSC.
  328. ^ "Hexham Moot Hall" PSC.
  329. ^ "Hexham Old Gaol" PSC.
  330. ^ "Horsley Tower" PSC.
  331. ^ "Langley Castle" PSC.
  332. ^ "Lemmington Hall" PSC.
  333. ^ "Lindisfarne Castle" PSC.
  334. ^ "Mitford Castle" PSC.
  335. ^ "Morpeth Castle" PSC.
  336. ^ "Norham Castle" PSC.
  337. ^ "Preston Tower" PSC.
  338. ^ "Prior Castell's Tower" PSC.
  339. ^ "Prudhoe Castle" PSC.
  340. ^ "Shilbottle Tower" PSC.
  341. ^ "Shortflatt Tower" PSC.
  342. ^ "Thirlwall Castle" PSC.
  343. ^ "Warkworth Castle" PSC.
  344. ^ "Whittingham Tower" PSC.
  345. ^ "Whitton Tower" PSC.
  346. ^ "Willimoteswick Castle" Gatehouse
  347. ^ "Ayton Castle" PSC.
  348. ^ "Barden Tower" PSC.
  349. ^ "Bolton Castle" PSC.
  350. ^ "Cawood Castle" PSC.
  351. ^ "Clifford's Tower" PSC.
  352. ^ "Crayke Castle" BLB.
  353. ^ "Danby Castle" PSC.
  354. ^ "Gilling Castle" PSC.
  355. ^ "Hazlewood Castle" PSC.
  356. ^ "Hellifield Peel" PSC.
  357. ^ "Helmsley Castle" PSC.
  358. ^ "Hornby Castle" PSC.
  359. ^ "Knaresborough Castle" PSC.
  360. ^ "Marmion Tower" PSC.
  361. ^ "Middleham Castle" PSC.
  362. ^ "Old Mulgrave Castle" PSC.
  363. ^ "Nappa Hall" BLB.
  364. ^ "Pickering Castle" PSC.
  365. ^ "Ravensworth Castle" PSC.
  366. ^ "Richmond Castle" PSC.
  367. ^ "Ripley Castle" PSC.
  368. ^ "Scarborough Castle" PSC.
  369. ^ "Sheriff Hutton Castle" PSC.
  370. ^ "Skelton Castle" BLB.
  371. ^ "Skipton Castle" PSC.
  372. ^ "Snape Castle" BLB.
  373. ^ "South Cowton Castle" PSC.
  374. ^ "Spofforth Castle" PSC.
  375. ^ "Whorlton Castle" PSC.
  376. ^ "Wilton Castle" BLB.
  377. ^ "Halloughton Manor House" PSC.
  378. ^ "Newark Castle" PSC.
  379. ^ "Nottingham Castle" PSC.
  380. ^ "Bampton Castle" PSC.
  381. ^ "Broughton Castle" PSC.
  382. ^ "Hanwell Castle" PSC.
  383. ^ Blair (1998), p.137.
  384. ^ "Greys Court" PSC.
  385. ^ "Shirburn Castle" PSC.
  386. ^ "Wallingford Castle" PSC.
  387. ^ "Oakham Castle" PSC.
  388. ^ "Acton Burnell Castle" PSC.
  389. ^ "Alberbury Castle" PSC.
  390. ^ "Bridgnorth Castle" PSC.
  391. ^ "Broncroft Castle" PSC.
  392. ^ "Cheney Longville Castle" PSC.
  393. ^ "Clun Castle" PSC.
  394. ^ "Hopton Castle" PSC.
  395. ^ "Ludlow Castle" PSC.
  396. ^ "Moreton Corbet Castle" PSC.
  397. ^ "Quatford Castle" BLB.
  398. ^ "Red Castle" PSC.
  399. ^ "Rowton Castle" PSC.
  400. ^ "Shrewsbury Castle" PSC.
  401. ^ "Stokesay Castle" PSC.
  402. ^ "Wattlesborough Castle" PSC.
  403. ^ "Whittington Castle" PSC.
  404. ^ "Banwell Castle" PSC.
  405. ^ Buildings of England, Somerset: South & West (1958) ISBN 978-0-300-09644-6.
  406. ^ "Dunster Castle" PSC.
  407. ^ "Farleigh Hungerford Castle" PSC.
  408. ^ "Newton St Loe" PSC.
  409. ^ "Nunney Castle" PSC.
  410. ^ "Stogursey Castle" PSC.
  411. ^ "Sutton Court" PSC.
  412. ^ "Taunton Castle" PSC.
  413. ^ "Walton Castle" PSC.
  414. ^ "Wells Bishop's Palace" BLB.
  415. ^ "Conisbrough Castle" PSC.
  416. ^ "Tickhill Castle" PSC.
  417. ^ "Alton Castle" PSC.
  418. ^ "Caverswall Castle" PSC.
  419. ^ "Chartley Castle" PSC.
  420. ^ "Eccleshall Castle" PSC.
  421. ^ "Stafford Castle" PSC.
  422. ^ "Stourton Castle" PSC.
  423. ^ "Tamworth Castle" PSC.
  424. ^ "Tutbury Castle" PSC.
  425. ^ "Bungay Castle" PSC.
  426. ^ "Clare Castle" PSC.
  427. ^ "Eye Castle" PSC.
  428. ^ "Framlingham Castle" PSC.
  429. ^ "Mettingham Castle" PSC.
  430. ^ "Orford Castle" PSC.
  431. ^ "Wingfield Castle" PSC.
  432. ^ "Farnham Castle" PSC.
  433. ^ "Guildford Castle" PSC.
  434. ^ "Hylton Castle" PSC.
  435. ^ "Newcastle Castle" PSC.
  436. ^ "Old Hollinside" PSC.
  437. ^ "Ravensworth Castle" PSC.
  438. ^ "Tynemouth Castle" PSC.
  439. ^ "Astley Castle" PSC.
  440. ^ "Kenilworth Castle" PSC.
  441. ^ "Maxstoke Castle" PSC.
  442. ^ "Warwick Castle" PSC.
  443. ^ "Dudley Castle" PSC.
  444. ^ "Amberley Castle" PSC.
  445. ^ "Arundel Castle" PSC.
  446. ^ "Bramber Castle" PSC.
  447. ^ "Halnaker House" PSC.
  448. ^ "Dobroyd Castle" PSC.
  449. ^ "Harewood Castle" PSC.
  450. ^ "Pontefract Castle" PSC.
  451. ^ "Sandal Castle" PSC.
  452. ^ "Devizes Castle" PSC.
  453. ^ "Longford Castle" PSC.
  454. ^ "Ludgershall Castle" PSC.
  455. ^ "Old Sarum Castle" PSC.
  456. ^ "Old Wardour Castle" PSC.
  457. ^ "Caldwall Castle" PSC.
  458. ^ "Hartlebury Castle" PSC.
  459. ^ "Holt Castle" PSC.
  460. ^ "Worcester Castle" PSC.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]