The current capital of Egypt is Cairo. Over the course of history, however, Egypt's capital has repeatedly changed.
List of Egyptian capitals
This is a list of Egyptian capitals in a chronological order.
XVI dynasty was Hyksos, capital unknown (perhaps in the Kingdom of Kush).
- Thebes: (1650 BC - c. 1353 BC) - XVII dynasty and XVIII dynasty before Akhenaten
- Akhetaten: (c. 1353 BC - c. 1332 BC) - Akhenaten of XVIII dynasty
- Thebes: (c. 1332 BC - 1279 BC) - XVIII dynasty and XIX dynasty before Ramesses II
- Memphis: XIX dynasty during rule of Seti I only
- Pi-Ramesses: (1279 BC - 1078 BC) - XIX dynasty starting from Ramesses II and XX dynasty
- Tanis: (1078 BC - 945 BC) - XXI dynasty
- Bubastis: (945 BC - 715 BC) - XXII dynasty
- Tanis: (818 BC - 715 BC) - XXIII dynasty
- Sais: (725 BC - 715 BC) - XXIV dynasty
- Napata/Memphis (715 BC - 664 BC): The Kushite XXV dynasty rulers were based in Napata, Sudan but ruled Egypt from Memphis
- Sais: (664 BC - 525 BC) - XXVI dynasty
XXVII dynasty was Persian.
- Sais: (404 BC - 399 BC) - XXVIII dynasty
- Mendes: (399 BC - 380 BC) - XXIX dynasty
- Sebennytos: (380 BC - 333 BC) - XXX dynasty
XXXI dynasty was Greek.