List of aviation shootdowns and accidents during the Iraq War

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This list of aviation shootdowns and accidents during the Iraq War includes incidents with Coalition and civilian aircraft during the Iraq War.

129 helicopters and 24 fixed-wing aircraft have been reported by media to be lost in Iraq since the 2003 invasion till February 2009. 46 of these incidents have been attributed to hostile fire such as anti-aircraft artillery and surface-to-air missiles. In March 2007, Brig. Gen. Stephen Mundt said that 130 helicopters had been lost in both Iraq and Afghanistan, about a third to hostile fire, and he was concerned that they were not being replaced fast enough.[1] A more recent report published in "Aircraft Survivability" in Summer 2010 a total of 375 U.S. helicopters have been lost in Iraq and Afghanistan till 2009. 70 U.S. helicopters have been downed by hostile fire and the other 305 are classified as non-hostile and non-combat events.[2][3] Unmanned aircraft of any type are not included in the list below.

At least 283 personnel have been killed in helicopter crashes since the invasion, and 19 have died in fixed-wing crashes.

Since the beginning of the invasion helicopters were the target of attacks with "aerial improvised explosive devices", home-made bombs.[4] In early 2007, the U.S. Army announced that the Iraqi resistance has a strategy for attacking American helicopters.[5] This was confirmed by documents captured from Iraqi insurgents.[6][7] A deputy commanding general in Iraq of the U.S. military said that the average month in 2006 and 2007 saw about 17 attacks against helicopters.[8] Efforts to prevent more deaths included more training for helicopter pilots. They continue to improve tactics and aircraft defenses to reduce losses. In the fall of 2007, the U.S. military deployed the more advanced V-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft. According to the U.S. military, this aircraft flies much higher and faster than helicopters and has six to seven times more survivability than the CH-46.[9]

Rotary-wing aircraft[edit]

2010[edit]

2009[edit]

2008[edit]

2007[edit]

2006[edit]

2005[edit]

2004[edit]

The UH-60 Black Hawk that crashed on 21 September 2004

19 March - AH-6J, 25364, 1-160th, shot down vicinity of Amiriyah by SA-XX while conducting precision close air support during day ops. 2 x pilots rescued by Special Operations forces.

[137][138]

2003[edit]

U.S. Army AH-64 Apache that crashed in central Iraq in November 2003.

[170]

Fixed-wing aircraft[edit]

A C-23B Sherpa, similar to the one that crashed on 26 November 2008.

2008[edit]

2007[edit]

2006[edit]

2005[edit]

2004[edit]

2003[edit]

Other aircraft[edit]

Several civilian and other aircraft have been shot down or crashed in Iraq as well:

2009[edit]

2008[edit]

2007[edit]

2005[edit]

Summary per type[edit]

Summing up the above list we have the following tables:

Rotary-wing losses

137 (47 to hostile fire, ***4 destroyed on the ground by mortar fire)

Type#Hostile fire
OH-58 Kiowa3313
AH-64 Apache3116***
UH-60 Black Hawk247
AH-1W Super Cobra83
CH-47 Chinook71
CH-46 Sea Knight61
CH-53E Super Stallion4
SA 330 Puma4
Mil Mi-1731
MH-53 Pave Low21
SH-3 Sea King2
UH-1N Huey21
Bell-41221
MD530F21
Westland Lynx21
CH-53D Sea Stallion1
Mil Mi-8 Hip3
PZL W-3 Sokół2

Fixed-wing losses

24 (*2 to hostile fire, **2 to friendly fire)

Type#
F/A-18 Hornet5/1**
F-16 Falcon5
C-130 Hercules4/1*
A-10 Warthog1*
AV-8 Harrier1
F-14 Tomcat1
F-15E Strike Eagle1
S-3 Viking1
Tornado GR41**
C-23 Sherpa1
Aerocomp Comp Air 71
Antonov An-261
Antonov An-121

Summary per year[edit]

Summing up the above list we have the following tables:

YearTotalHostile fireOther reasonHuman casualties
20103038
20094137
200871618
20072516949
2006146852
20051331045
200429111830
20033472768
Total1294683277

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Greg (19 August 2010). "Helicopters Equipped With Acoustic Shot Detection Bound for Afghanistan". Retrieved 2012-12-03. "According to data compiled by a congressionally mandated study (see article pg. 9) on helicopter survivability, a total of 70 U.S. helicopters have been downed by hostile fire in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2001 through 2009. The report found that 375 helicopters in total have been lost; 305 of those classified as non-hostile and non-combat events. The study found that insurgents most often visually acquired their targets as 75 percent of helicopters were downed during daylight hours; the report does not say whether infra-red tracking missiles accounted for any night-time losses." 
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]