This list of aviation shootdowns and accidents during the Iraq War includes incidents with Coalition and civilian aircraft during the Iraq War.
129 helicopters and 24 fixed-wing aircraft have been reported by media to be lost in Iraq since the 2003 invasion till February 2009. 46 of these incidents have been attributed to hostile fire such as anti-aircraft artillery and surface-to-air missiles. In March 2007, Brig. Gen. Stephen Mundt said that 130 helicopters had been lost in both Iraq and Afghanistan, about a third to hostile fire, and he was concerned that they were not being replaced fast enough. A more recent report published in "Aircraft Survivability" in Summer 2010 a total of 375 U.S. helicopters have been lost in Iraq and Afghanistan till 2009. 70 U.S. helicopters have been downed by hostile fire and the other 305 are classified as non-hostile and non-combat events. Unmanned aircraft of any type are not included in the list below.
At least 283 personnel have been killed in helicopter crashes since the invasion, and 19 have died in fixed-wing crashes.
Since the beginning of the invasion helicopters were the target of attacks with "aerial improvised explosive devices", home-made bombs. In early 2007, the U.S. Army announced that the Iraqi resistance has a strategy for attacking American helicopters. This was confirmed by documents captured from Iraqi insurgents. A deputy commanding general in Iraq of the U.S. military said that the average month in 2006 and 2007 saw about 17 attacks against helicopters. Efforts to prevent more deaths included more training for helicopter pilots. They continue to improve tactics and aircraft defenses to reduce losses. In the fall of 2007, the U.S. military deployed the more advanced V-22 Ospreytiltrotor aircraft. According to the U.S. military, this aircraft flies much higher and faster than helicopters and has six to seven times more survivability than the CH-46.
9 November – An OH-58 Kiowa experiences a hard landing north of Baghdad in the Saladin Province. Two U.S. Army pilots are killed. They were assigned to the 2nd Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment, 25th Combat Aviation Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks.
19 September – One U.S. service member was killed and 12 others are injured when a UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter goes down inside of Joint Base Balad.
4 October – Two American UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters collide while trying to land in Baghdad. An Iraqi soldier was killed, while two Iraqis and three Americans were injured. Incident was due to mechanical failure.
1 June – A U.S. helicopter crashes south of Baghdad, injuring two soldiers. The type of helicopter has not been revealed.
27 March – An Iraqi military Mil Mi-17 helicopter is shot down during heavy fighting in northern Basra.
4 March – An Iraqi military Mil Mi-17 helicopter crashes south of Baiji due to a sandstorm, about 90 miles (140 km) south of Mosul in northern Iraq, killing an American soldier and seven other people.
2007 – Four AH-64 Apache helicopters were destroyed on the ground by Iraqi insurgent mortar fire; the insurgents had made use of embedded coordinates in web-published photographs (geotagging) taken of the helicopters by soldiers to track the exact location of the helicopters.
20 November – A RAF HC.1 Puma ZA938 crashes. 2 SAS troopers die after the Puma troop transporter goes down in an urban area during a covert mission over Baghdad. Two other men from 22 Special Air Service Regiment were seriously injured in the crash although their condition is not thought to be life-threatening. A further seven SAS and three RAF survived the impact and were later rescued by Coalition forces.
22 August – UH-60L Black Hawk 06-27077 crashes in northern Iraq, killing all 14 U.S. soldiers. The military said initial indications showed the aircraft experienced a mechanical problem.
10 August – A U.S. NavyHH-60 "Rescue Hawk" make a forced landing in Yusufiyah. The two crew members sustained non-life-threatening injuries.
31 July – An AH-64 Apache goes down after coming under fire in eastern Baghdad. The two crew members were safely extracted.
4 July – An OH-58 Kiowa 95-0002 crashes into power lines in Mosul, killing the pilot and injuring the copilot.
2 July – OH-58D Kiowa 91-0560 from 3–17 Cavalry Regiment is shot down along a canal south of Baghdad in Babil province with small arms, both pilots were rescued by strapping themselves onto the stub wings of an AH-64 Apache. Helicopter was later destroyed.
29 May – OH-58D(R) Kiowa 93-0978 from B Troop, 2–6 Cavalry Regiment is shot down between Baquba and Muqdadiyah with small arms, killing the chopper's two pilots.
15 April – Two British Aérospatiale Puma helicopters are involved in a mid-air collision near Taji, north of Baghdad. Both aircraft crash, with two personnel killed and one seriously injured.
5 April – A UH-60 Black Hawk carrying nine is shot down in Latifiya using anti-aircraft heavy machine guns, 4 were wounded.
1 March – An OH-58D Kiowa makes a hard landing south of Kirkuk, injuring both crewmembers, and becomes entangled in overhanging wires before hitting the ground. Reports had varied whether the crash was due to a mechanical or electronic failure and whether it is shot down.
22 February – A UH-60 Black Hawk crashed in an area north of Baquba City. The helicopter went down in a clash between gunmen and U.S. troops.
21 February – A UH-60 Black Hawk is hit by RPG and small arms fire north of Baghdad and makes a hard landing; all nine military personnel on board were rescued.
28 January – AH-64D Apache from 4th Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment, 1st Air Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division shot down by hostile fire during the Battle of Najaf, killing the two pilots.
25 January – A UH-60 Black Hawk shot down by gunfire near Hit. All aboard survive the incident.
20 January – A U.S. Army AH-64 Apache helicopter crashed near Najaf. One soldier killed.
20 January – A UH-60 Black Hawk from C Company, 1–131 Aviation Regiment shot down by a combination of several heavy machine guns and a shoulder-fired missile north-east of Baghdad. All 12 crew and passengers on board are killed in the incident.
29 August – An OH-58D #90-00377 from 4th SQDN 3ACR was engaged by enemy fire. TF Freedom pilot killed by SA fire near Tal Afar. The A/C took rounds and the PI was wounded and able to recover but had to make an emergency landing north of the city, he was unable to fly back. A/C was recovered by SP and MTP.
12 August – An AH-64A Apache 90-0442 from C Company, 8–229th Aviation Regiment crashes near Kirkuk, injuring both crewmembers. Helicopter is written off.
19 July – AH-64D Apache 02-5319 from 1–3rd Aviation Regiment crashes in Iraq, injuring the two pilots. Helicopter is written off.
2 July – A CH-47D Chinook 85-24335 from C Company/159th Aviation Brigade destroyed in a fire on the ground at Ramadi Camp.
27 June – An AH-64D Apache from 3–3rd Aviation Regiment is shot down by a shoulder-fired missile near Mishahda, killing the two pilots.
31 May – An Italian AB-412 helicopter crashes near Nasiriyah, killing the four soldiers on board.
26 May – An OH-58D(I) Kiowa 93-0989 from 1–17th Cavalry Regiment is shot down with small arms near Baquba, killing the two crewmen.
21 May – A CH-47D Chinook 87-00102 from B Company, 4–123rd Aviation Regiment crashes in Iraq due to failure of both engines. Five crewmen injured. Helicopter was blown in-place.
17 April – AH-64D Apache 03-5370 from 4th Squadron, 3d ACR makes hard landing near Baghdad.
3 March – A Westland Lynx mk.8 (Royal Navy) crashes during Gulf exercise. The three crew members survived. The Lynx is currently deployed to HMS Nottingham.
28 January – An OH-58 Kiowa 96-0019 from 1–7th Cavalry Regiment crashes in Baghdad after hitting electrical wires, killing the two crewmen.
The UH-60 Black Hawk that crashed on 21 September 2004
15 December – A PZL W-3WA Sokół 0902 from 25 BKP crashes near Karbala due to pilot error; three Polish soldiers are killed and four injured.
9 December – AH-64A Apache 91-0012 from A Company, 1–151st Aviation Regiment hit a UH-60L Black Hawk 82-23668 from N Company/4-278th ACR on the ground at a Mosul base, killing the two Apache pilots and wounding four soldiers on board the Black Hawk. Both helicopters destroyed.
12 November – UH-60A Black Hawk from 1–106th Aviation Regiment shot down northeast of Baghdad, wounding three of the four crew members.
11 November – AH-1W SuperCobra 161021 from HMLA-169 is shot down by RPG and small arms fire near Fallujah. It is destroyed by Iraqi rebel forces, crew recovered intact.
9 November – US OH-58D Kiowa shot down by rocket fire over Fallujah.
16 October – Two OH-58D Kiowas 94-0172 and 97-0130 from 1–25th Aviation Regiment collide near Baghdad, killing two pilots aboard the first craft, and wounding two aboard the other.
23 September – AH-64D Apache 02-5292 from B Company, 1–227th Aviation Regiment, 4th BCT, 1st Cavalry Division crashes near Tallil AB, Iraq when pilot loses control following tail rotor problem.
21 September – UH-60A Black Hawk 87-24579 from A Company, 1–244th Aviation Regiment crashes near Nasiriyah, wounding four crew members.
8 September – CH-46E Sea Knight 153372 Shot down by RPG Fire South of Camp Fallujah, crashes and is burned out near Al-Buaisa. All four crew members injured.
4 September – OH-58D Kiowa (3–17 CAV) shot down over Tal Afar, Iraq; both pilots safe. Incident highlighted in TV Documentary Kiowa Down.
11 August – CH-53E Super Stallion 164782 from HMM-166 (Reinforced) crashes in the Al-Anbar province, killing two Marines and wounding three others.
8 August – OH-58D(I) Kiowa 96-0015 made emergency landing north of Baghdad after being hit by RPG. Crew unhurt.
8 January – A UH-60 Black Hawk (86-24488) from 571st Medical Company (Air Ambulance) shot down near Fallujah, killing 9 crew and passengers.
2 January – An OH-58D Kiowa 90-0370 from 1–17 Cavalry Regiment (assigned to 1–82 Aviation Brigade) shot down near Fallujah, killing a pilot.
1 January – UH-60L Black Hawk 93-26514 from 4–101st Aviation Regiment makes hard landing.
U.S. Army AH-64 Apache that crashed in central Iraq in November 2003.
11 December – AH-64D Apache from 1–101st Aviation Regiment crash-lands due to the APU clutch failing and starting a fire in flight and subsequently is burned to the ground 15 miles (24 km) south of Mosul. The pilots survived.
9 December – An OH-58 Kiowa helicopter is hit by a rocket-propelled grenade, forcing a crash landing. Both crewmembers survive.
25 November – OH-58D Kiowa 96-0040 crashes after its tail rotor struck ground.
21 November – OH-58D Kiowa 92-0605 from D Troop, 1–17 Cavalry Regiment written off, reason unknown.
15 November – Two UH-60L Black Hawks from 4–101st Aviation Regiment(93-26531) and 9–101st Aviation Regiment(94-26548) collide and crash after one aircraft coming under fire; 6 and 11 soldiers (crew and passengers) on board are killed, respectively, and 5 others on board the first AC are injured in Mosul.
7 November – UH-60L Black Hawk 92-26413 (or 92-26431) from 5–101 Aviation Regiment shot down by a MANPAD near Tikrit; all four crew, and both passengers from the Department of the Army are killed.
2 November – near Fallujah, CH-47D Chinook 91-0230 of Detachment 1/F Company/106th Aviation Brigade shot down with an SA-7 missile; 16 soldiers killed, 26 wounded.
30 October – AH-64D Apache 00-5211 (ex AH-64A 86-9009) of 6–6th Cavalry Regiment crashes near Balad AAF, Iraq, and burned out. Both crewmembers are safe.
25 October – UH-60L Black Hawk 96-26653 From B co. 3-158 Avn. Regt. of the 12th Avn. BDE crashes and burns out after being hit by an SA-7 missile near Tikrit, 1 soldier injured.
23 October – AH-64D Apache 00-5219 (ex AH-64A 86-8972) from 1–101st Aviation Regiment crashes in Iraq while approaching to land at Kirkuk. The APU clutch failed and started a fire in flight. Aircraft landed safely but fuselage was almost completely burnt through.
13 October – OH-58D Kiowa (93-0991) from C Troop, 1–17th Cavalry Regiment crashes inside Iraq, pilots survive.
7 October – OH-58D Kiowa (92-0578) crashes inside Iraq, pilots survive.
2 September – A soldier is killed as a UH-60L Black Hawk from 2–501st Aviation Regiment rolls over during a nighttime troop insertion southwest of Baghdad.
28 August – CH-47D Chinook 88-0098 from F Company/159th Aviation Brigade written off in Iraq.
14 August – AH-64D Apache 01-5241 (ex AH-64A 87-0507) of 1–14th Aviation Regiment crashes in Iraq.
19 June – AH-64A Apache 87-0498 of R Troop, 4th Squadron, 3d ACR makes hard landing following inflight fire. Helicopter is written off.
12 June – AH-64D Apache of 101st Aviation Brigade helicopter shot down near Baghdad, both crewmembers survive.
19 May – CH-46E Sea Knight 156424 of HMM-364 crashes in Al-Hilla, killing four Marines; another Marine drowns trying to rescue the crew.
9 May – UH-60A Black Hawk 86-24507 of 571st Medical Company (AA) crashes into Tigris River, the vicinity of Samarrah, Iraq killing two pilots and crew chief. One more soldier was injured.
6 May – OH-58D Kiowa 94-0163 of N Troop, 4th Squadron, 3d ACR crashes near Al Asad and burns out. One crewmember injured.
14 April – A Marine AH-1W SuperCobra 163940 of HMLA-169 crashes near Samarra, injuring both pilots. Helicopter was later destroyed.
6 April – UH-60 Black Hawk 93-26522 from B Company, 4–101st Aviation Regiment crashes inside Iraq, crew survive.
5 April – AH-1W SuperCobra 161020 of HMLA-267 crashes, killing both pilots.
2 April – A UH-60A Black Hawk (94-26557) of B Company, 2–3rd Aviation Regiment is shot down near Karbala, killing 7 soldiers and injuring 4 more.
31 March – AH-64D Apache 84-24201 of C Company, 1–3rd Aviation Regiment crashes on landing in Iraq, injuring the two pilots. Helicopter was written off.
30 March – UH-1N Huey 160620 of HMLA-169 crashes; three die.
28 March – Two AH-64D Apaches, 97-5032 of A Company and 98-5068 of B Company, 2–101st Aviation Regiment crash in Iraq; one pilot injured.
28 March – OH-58D Kiowa 95-0006 from A Troop, 2–17th Cavalry Regiment crashes in Iraq, pilots survive.
27 March – OH-58D Kiowa 95-0024 from C Troop, 2–17th Cavalry Regiment crashes in Iraq, pilots survive.
26 March – UH-1N Huey 160444 of HMLA-269 makes hard landing in sandstorm and is written off.
23 March – AH-64D Apache 85-25407 from C Company, 1st Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment, 4th BCT, 1st Cavalry Division shot down during attack on Republican Guard; two pilots taken prisoner. Helicopter was supposedly destroyed by Coalition forces, but Iraqi TV showed an AH-64 being taken to Baghdad on a low loader.
22 March – Two Royal Navy ASaC.7 Sea Kings XV650 'CU-182' and XV704 'R-186' of 849 Squadron/A Flight collide over the Persian Gulf, killing six British crew members and one American.
20 March – CH-46E Sea Knight 152579 of HMM-268 crashes in Kuwait 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from Iraqi border, killing eight British Marines of 42 CDO and four American Marines.
19 March – MH-53M Pave Low 67-14993 of 20th SOS carrying special forces crashes in southern Iraq. No one is killed. The craft was later destroyed to prevent capture.
A C-23B Sherpa, similar to the one that crashed on 26 November 2008.
26 November 2008 – A US Army C-23 Sherpa from 2–641 Aviation Brigade made a wheels up landing at al-Kut, while operating with Task Force 34. None of the four-man crew and seven passengers were injured.
12 November 2008 – A USAF F-16 caught fire on takeoff. The pilot survived.
7 January 2008 – Two F/A-18 fighter jets operation from USS Harry S. Truman crashed during an Iraq-related mission in the Gulf. All three pilots were rescued.
16 July 2007 – A US F-16, serial 92-3901, from the 35th FW crashed. The pilot survived. The crash was attributed to under-inflation of the landing gear tires.
15 June 2007 – A US F-16, serial 89-2031, from the Ohio ANG crashed on takeoff at night. The pilot, Maj. Kevin Sonnenberg, was killed. The cause was not hostile fire and is believed to be pilot spatial disorientation.
11 February 2007 – A British C-130 Hercules is destroyed by coalition forces after being heavily damaged in a night landing in southern Iraq; two are injured. The aircraft was struck by two improvised explosive devices placed by insurgents, upon landing at a temporary runway in Maysan Province.
27 November 2006 – F-16CG, serial 90-0776, from the 524th Fighter Squadron crashes near Fallujah while on a low-altitude ground-strafing run. The pilot, Major Troy Gilbert, was killed. His body was taken by insurgents. It was never recovered.
2 May 2005 – Two F/A-18C Block 39/40 Hornet fighter jets of VMFA-323, BuNos 164721 and 164732, collide over south-central Iraq, during a sortie from USS Carl Vinson, killing the two pilots.
30 January 2005 – A British C-130K Hercules C.1P XV179 is shot down north of Baghdad, killing 9 Royal Air Force crew and one British soldier.
29 December 2004 – An American Special ForcesMC-130H Hercules (c/n 382-5054, 16th SOW, 15th SOS) is written off while landing on Q-West airfield near Mosul, Iraq, though no one was hurt. The pilot was unaware a large pit had been dug in the runway.
12 June 2003 – F-16CG A United States Air Force F-16C Block 40B Fighting Falcon 88-0424 of 388th FW/421st FS crashes near Baghdad due to fuel starvation. The pilot ejected safely.
8 April 2003 – A-10A 78-0691 of 124th Wing/190th FS shot down by Iraqi Roland SAM; pilot survived.
7 April 2003 – F-15E 88-1694/SJ of 4th FW/335th FS crashed on a combat bombing mission near Tikrit, Iraq. Both the pilot and Weapon Systems Officer (WSO) were killed.
2 April 2003 – F/A-18C Block 46 Hornet 164974 of VFA-195 is shot down by a US Patriot missile, killing the pilot.
Several civilian and other aircraft have been shot down or crashed in Iraq as well:
17 July 2009 – An MD-530F contracted to Xe (formerly Blackwater) crashes at Butler Range outside Baghdad. Two pilots died. The cause was not known.
13 November 2008 – An Antonov An-12 crashes after takeoff from Al Asad Air Base, killing all 7 crew members. Six members of the crew and one passenger died, three of them were Russians. The crew also consisted of a Belarusian, two Ukrainians and an Indian citizen.
23 January 2007 – A Blackwater USA MD 530F helicopter is shot down by hostile fire in Baghdad. All of the 5-man crew are killed in the incident, likely executed after surviving the crash. One survivor was also killed under unclear circumstances, when another Blackwater helicopter descended to the crash site.
21 April – A BulgarianMil Mi-8 is shot down north of Baghdad, killing the 11 civilians on board. Casualties consisted of six American contractors, three Bulgarian pilots – one of whom is executed shortly after the crash – and two Fijian gunners.
Summary per type
Summing up the above list we have the following tables:
137 (47 to hostile fire, ***4 destroyed on the ground by mortar fire)
^Greg (19 August 2010). "Helicopters Equipped With Acoustic Shot Detection Bound for Afghanistan". Retrieved 3 December 2012. "According to data compiled by a congressionally mandated study (see article pg. 9) on helicopter survivability, a total of 70 U.S. helicopters have been downed by hostile fire in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2001 through 2009. The report found that 375 helicopters in total have been lost; 305 of those classified as non-hostile and non-combat events. The study found that insurgents most often visually acquired their targets as 75 percent of helicopters were downed during daylight hours; the report does not say whether infra-red tracking missiles accounted for any night-time losses."
^"Insurgent strategy targets helicopters, documents reveal". The Baltimore Sun (New York Times News Service). 18 February 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2010. "Documents captured from Iraqi insurgents indicate that some of the recent fatal attacks against U.S. helicopters are the result of a carefully planned strategy to focus on downing coalition aircraft, one that U.S. officials say has been carried out by mounting coordinated assaults with machine guns, rockets and surface-to-air missiles. The documents, which are said to have been drafted by al-Qaida in Mesopotamia, show that the militants were preparing to "concentrate on the air force." The contents of the documents are described in a U.S. intelligence report that was reviewed by The New York Times. Seized near Baghdad, the documents reflected the insurgents' military preparations from late last year, including plans for attacking aircraft using a variety of weapons."
^"Marines to deploy tilt-rotor aircraft to Iraq". CNN. 14 April 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2007. "The V-22 can carry troops three times as far, twice as fast and has six to seven times more survivability than the CH-46 widely used now in Iraq, the military says."
^Sinan Salaheddin (28 July 2010). "Iraq military helicopter crash kills five". Associated Press. Retrieved 28 July 2010. "A sandstorm has downed an Iraqi military helicopter, killing its five-member crew, while a Baghdad blast has killed five Iraqis, officials say. The helicopter was providing aerial protection to Shia pilgrims travelling to the city of Karbala when it crashed in the sandstorm early in the morning."
^Ernesto Londoño (5 August 2008). "2 U.S. Copters Crash in Iraq; 1 Iraqi Is Killed". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 February 2010. "Seven U.S. soldiers were killed September 18 when a CH-47 Chinook, a transport helicopter, crashed in southern Iraq. Officials have cited mechanical failure in that incident"
^"Iraqi helicopter crash kills all 8 aboard; cause was sandstorm". Star Tribune. 4 March 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2010. "An Iraqi military helicopter crashed in a sandstorm, killing the seven Iraqis and one American service member on board, U.S. and Iraqi officials said Tuesday. [...] The Iraqi Defense Ministry said two Russian-built Mi-17 Hip transport helicopters were ferrying troops from the northern city of Tal Afar to Baghdad on Monday when they encountered bad weather south of Beiji. One aircraft was able to avoid the storm, but the other crashed, said Muhammad Askari, a ministry spokesman. Askari said the helicopter crew was made up of an Iraqi and a foreigner, but did not specify the latter's nationality. The U.S. military later confirmed the foreigner was an American. All six passengers were Iraqis, Askari said. It was the deadliest helicopter crash in Iraq since a U.S. Black Hawk went down during night maneuvers in northern Iraq on August 22, killing all 14 troops on board."
^Cheryl Rodewig (7 March 2012). "Geotagging poses security risks". Retrieved 11 August 2012. "Warren cited a real-world example from 2007. When a new fleet of helicopters arrived with an aviation unit at a base in Iraq, some Soldiers took pictures on the flightline, he said. From the photos that were uploaded to the Internet, the enemy was able to determine the exact location of the helicopters inside the compound and conduct a mortar attack, destroying four of the AH-64 Apaches."
^Richard Mauer (9 February 2008). "Gallantry during attack in Iraq earns Silver Star". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 23 February 2010. "The brigade's third Silver Star honoree, Master Sgt. Thomas Ballard, helped lead a team that protected an Apache helicopter shot down in the Najaf attack while under fierce fire themselves."[dead link]
^"Incident Date 060527 HMLA-169 AH-1W – BuNo 164591 Maintenance test flight crashed into Lake Habbaniyah". Retrieved 12 May 2010. "A memorial service for two fallen Marines of Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 169, Marine Aircraft Group 16 (Reinforced), 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (Forward), was held at the chapel here, June 3 .The service was held for Capt. Nathanael J. Doring, a pilot from Apple Valley, Minn., and Cpl. Richard A. Bennett, a mechanic and native of Girard, Kan., who died during a maintenance test flight. They were killed when the AH-1W Super Cobra they were flying crashed May 27."
^"PRESS RELEASE: Special Operations Soldier dies in Iraq" (Press release). U.S. Army Special Operations Command Public Affairs Office. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2010. "Two aviators from the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne) died 14 May 2006, when their AH-6M Little Bird helicopter was shot down by enemy fire during combat operations in Yousifiyah, south of Baghdad, Iraq.[...]"
^"DoD Identifies Army Casualties" (Press release). U.S. Department of Defense. 28 December 2005. "No. 1333-05, IMMEDIATE RELEASE, The Department of Defense announced today the death of two soldiers, who were supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom. They died in Baghdad, Iraq on December 26, when their Apache helicopter collided with another military aircraft in mid-air and then crashed. Both soldiers were assigned to the 1st Battalion, 4th Aviation Regiment, Aviation Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Hood, Texas. Killed were: Chief Warrant Officer Richard M. Salter, 44, of Cypress, Texas. Chief Warrant Officer Isaias E. Santos, 28, of Ancon, Panama."
^"DoD Identifies Marine Casualties" (Press release). Department of Defense. 3 November 2005. Retrieved 29 October 2010. "The Department of Defense announced today the death of two Marines who were supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom. Maj. Gerald M. Bloomfield II, 38, of Ypsilanti, Mich. Capt. Michael D. Martino, 32, of Fairfax, Va. Both Marines died November 2 when their AH-1W Super Cobra helicopter crashed while flying in support of security and stabilization operations near Ar Ramadi, Iraq. Both Marines were with Marine Light-Attack Helicopter Squadron 369, Marine Aircraft Group 39, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, I Marine Expeditionary Force, Camp Pendleton, Calif. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, their unit was attached to 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing, II MEF (Forward)."
^"ARMY AIR CREWS: Kiowa Crewmembers Line of Duty Deaths". Retrieved 16 July 2010. "4/3 CAV #90-00377. TF Freedom pilot killed by SA fire near Tal Afar. The A/C took rounds and the PI was able to recover but had to make an emergency landing north of the city, he was unable to fly back to base. Medevac had to come in to get the aircrew out, later that night an SP and MTP had to fly out to recover the aircraft."
^"Boeing's CH-47 Chinook 85-24335". Retrieved 16 July 2010. "On 2 July 2005, 85-24335 was lost near Ramadi, Iraq, due to an accident. While conducting a cargo transport mission at night under night vision goggles, 85-24335 sat down in a landing zone near Ramadi. A sister ship came in with a sling load and hovered nearby. The rotor wash from the second Chinook loosened the stakes securing the pad to the ground and one or more pads lifted into the rotor system causing the subsequent destruction of 85-24335. Of the crew of five and two passengers, there were some minor injuries, but no personnel were killed. When lost, 85-24335 was 38.74 years old."
^"U.S. Helicopter Crash Kills 2 in Iraq". Fox News Channel. 27 June 2005. Retrieved 5 June 2008. "A U.S. Apache attack helicopter crashed Monday north of Baghdad, killing both pilots, after a witness said he saw the aircraft hit by a rocket that "destroyed it completely in the air." [...] The AH-64 crashed in Mishahda, 20 miles north of the capital, and witness Mohammed Naji told Associated Press Television News he saw two helicopters flying toward Mishahda when "a rocket hit one of them and destroyed it completely in the air." The two pilots were killed in the crash, which is under investigation, said Lt. Col. Clifford Kent, spokesman for the 3rd Infantry Division."
^"US helicopter shot down in Iraq". BBC. 27 May 2005. Retrieved 4 February 2008. "Two helicopters were conducting operations near Baquba, 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Baghdad. Both were hit; one crashed and the other managed to land safely at a nearby airbase. Two soldiers died in the crash, the US military said."
^"Marine Helicopter Crash Kills 31 in Iraq". Iraqi Freedom Heroes. 26 January 2005. Retrieved 7 June 2008. "U.S. Marine helicopter transporting troops crashed Wednesday 26 January 2005, in the desert of the restive Anbar province of western Iraq not far from the Jordanian border, killing 31 people, American military officials said. A senior administration official said there was bad weather at the time."
^""Kiowa Down" Documentary". 25 September 2005. Retrieved 12 May 2010. "A "routine mission" in Iraq on 4 September 2004, turned into a raging firefight for Stryker troops with the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, Scout Platoon, and B Company of the 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, as they fought off heavy fire (including 60-mm mortars and RPGs) in a rescue mission launched after Iraqi insurgents shot down a Kiowa helicopter and swarmed to capture it and the two pilots."
^"Press Release". Reuters. 13 January 2004. "BAGHDAD (Reuters) – A U.S. Apache helicopter that crashed west of Baghdad on Tuesday may have been shot down by Iraqi guerrillas, a U.S. military spokesman said. "Our initial information tells us that it's possible that the helicopter was downed by or at least was struck by enemy fire," the spokesman said after the helicopter crashed near the town of Habbaniya, about 50 miles west of the capital."
^"Boeing AH-64 Apache". Retrieved 12 May 2010. "On January 13th, 2004 an Apache was shot down near the western Iraqi town of Habbaniyah. This was the second of the heavily armed gun-ships downed by guerrilla fire since President Bush declared an end to major combat May 1st, 2003."
^"Helicopters shot down or crashed in Iraq". USA Today. 1 August 2004. Retrieved 16 July 2010. "Guerrillas hit an OH-58 Kiowa helicopter with a rocket-propelled grenade near Fallujah, forcing it to make an emergency landing. The two crewmen on board are uninjured."
^"US helicopters crash over N Iraq". BBC News. 16 November 2003. Retrieved 17 April 2010. "Seventeen coalition soldiers have been killed and five wounded in a mid-air collision between two US helicopters."
^"US probes Iraq helicopter crash". BBC News. 16 November 2003. Retrieved 18 April 2010. "The US army in Iraq is examining the wreckage of two Black Hawk helicopters which crashed in the northern city of Mosul, killing at least 17 soldiers."
^Mohamad Bazzi (8 November 2003). "Crash Kills 6 GIs". Newsday (New York). Retrieved 30 January 2009.
^"U.S. helicopter shot down in Iraq". CNN. 2 November 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2010. "The helicopter was shot down by a shoulder-type missile, about 60 kilometers west of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, at 8 am Sunday, witnesses told CNN."
^"DoD Identifies Army Casualties" (Press release). U.S. Department of Defense. 3 November 2003. Retrieved 11 August 2012. "The Department of Defense announced today the deaths of eight soldiers who were supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom. The soldiers were on board a CH-47 Chinook Helicopter when it went down on November 2 in Al Fallujah, Iraq."
^"USAF Roundel". Scramble (296). January 2004. p. 15. Archived from the original on 2013-09-22. Retrieved 9 August 2013. "During a crash landing somewhere in "CENTCOM theatre of operations" (exciting word for Iraq) a Kiowa of the U.S. Army received A Class damage. The accident happened in so-called "brown-out conditions". Other information states that this accident took place on 13 October"
^"88-00098". Retrieved 1 June 2010. "On 28 August 2003, 88-00098 was lost due to an accident. The aircraft encountered dust conditions during landing at refuel point and impacted the ground, coming to rest on its right side. Aircraft status: Crashed."
^"Helicopters shot down or crashed in Iraq". USA Today. 13 January 2004. Retrieved 8 May 2010. "A Sea Knight crashes in Kuwait, about nine miles from the Iraq border, killing eight British troops and four U.S. Marines. The cause of the crash is under investigation, but no hostile fire was reported in the area."
^"C-23 Makes Emergency Landing in Al Kut, Iraq" (Press release). Task Force 34. 27 November 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2010. "At approx. 8:46 pm, November 26, a Coalition force C-23 Sherpa, twin-engine aircraft safely made a gear up landing at al-Kut, Iraq. The aircraft departed Balad and was en route to al-Kut when the incident occurred. There were 7 passengers and 4 crew members on board and there were no injuries. [...] The aircraft is part of 2nd Battalion, 641st Aviation Regiment, an element of Task Force 34, headquartered at Balad, Iraq"
^"US F-16 destroyed in ground fire". 12 November 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2009. "A USAF F-16 (believed to be #93-0554) assigned to the 332nd AEW, based at Joint Base Balad, Iraq, caught fire after the pilot aborted the takeoff, at about 5.40h Baghdad time."
^"MoD covered up truth about Hercules". 19 May 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 16 July 2010. "The Ministry of Defence covered up the full truth about the destruction of an RAF Hercules aircraft by Iraqi insurgents to stop the enemy claiming a high-profile propaganda victory, a new report discloses. The C-130J transport aircraft was struck by two bombs planted by militants as it landed on a temporary runway in Maysan Province in south-eastern Iraq on February 12 last year. All 64 people on board escaped to safety but the Hercules was so badly damaged it had to be destroyed by coalition explosives experts."
^Marcel van Leeuwen (21 December 2008). "Boeing F-15 'Eagle'". zap16.com. Archived from the original on 2011-04-04. Retrieved 12 May 2010. "USAF F-15C/D's from Al Jaber AB, Kuwait and F-15C/D from Prince Sultan AB, Saudi Arabia flew together with F-15E Strike Eagles combat-missions in Iraq. One F-15E (88-1694/SJ) of 333rd FS, 4th FW from Seymour Johnson AFB, NC was shot-down near Tikrit in Iraq on 6 April 2003, the pilots were Killed in Action."
^"Eric Das". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 12 May 2010. "Air Force Maj. William Watkins and Capt. Eric Das, were aboard an F-15E Strike Eagle jet fighter that went down in Iraq around 7:30 pm EDT Sunday, April 6"
^"DOD IDENTIFIES AIR FORCE CASUALTY" (Press release). United States Department of Defense. 23 April 2003. Retrieved 12 May 2010. "The Department of Defense announced today that Major William R. Watkins III, 37, of Danville, Virginia, was killed in action 7 April 2003, while supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom. Watkins was assigned to the 333rd Fighter Squadron, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina. Watkins was the weapons system officer of an F-15E that went down 7 April 2003, during a combat mission in Iraq. The incident remains under investigation. The pilot of the F-15E, Captain Eric B. Das, was also killed when the aircraft went down."
^"Helicopter Crash in Iraq" (Press release). Robert Wood, Acting Spokesman, Bureau of Public Affairs. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2010. "The Department of State is deeply saddened by the deaths of two employees of Xe Consulting during a helicopter crash in Iraq on July 17 and extends our heartfelt sympathies to their families. Our thoughts are also with the two men who were injured in this incident and their families. These men played an important role in assisting the Department in protecting American diplomats and missions in Iraq. The Department's Bureau of Diplomatic Security is coordinating with appropriate U.S. and Iraqi officials regarding an investigation into the cause of the crash."