List of assassinations

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This is a list of assassinations, sorted by location.

For the purposes of this article, an assassination is defined as the deliberate, premeditated murder of a prominent figure, often for religious or political reasons.

Contents

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9883-01-01117 BCHiempsal, co-ruler of NumidiaHiempsal's death was ordered by his cousin, Jugurtha.
01942-12-24December 24, 1942François Darlan, senior figure of Vichy FranceFernand Bonnier de La Chapelle
01957-03-10March 10, 1957Larbi Ben M'Hidi, Algerian nationalist and FLN leaderHanged by French Army officers under Paul Aussaresses; at the time, his death was passed off as a suicide.
01957-04-01April 1957Larbi Tbessi, Nationalist and Association of Algerian Muslim Ulema (fr) president
01957-06-21June 21, 1957Maurice Audin, Pied-noir and PC millitant
01957-03-23March 23, 1957Ali Boumendjel, Algerian lawyerThrown from a building by French Army officers under Paul Aussaresses; at the time, his death was passed off as a suicide.
01960-02-01February 1960Esther John, Pakistani Christian nurse
01963-05-05May 5, 1963Mohamed Khemisti (fr), Algerian foreign minister[1]Shot on April 11, 1963,[2] and later died in hospital.[3]
01987-02-03February 3, 1987Mustafa Bouyali, Islamic fundamentalistAmbushed by Algerian security services.
01992-06-29June 29, 1992Mohamed Boudiaf, Head of State of AlgeriaLembarek BoumaârafiShot at Annaba.[4]
01993-06-02June 2, 1993Tahar Djaout, journalist, poet and authorKilled by the Armed Islamic Group.
01993-08-21August 21, 1993Kasdi Merbah, former Prime Minister of Algeria
01994-03-10March 10, 1994Abdelkader Alloula, playwrightKilled by two members of the Islamic Front for Armed Jihad.
01994-09-29September 29, 1994Cheb Hasni, singer
01995-09-28September 28, 1995Aboubakr Belkaid (fr), politician
01996-05-21May 21, 1996Seven Trappist monks of TibérineThe monks were kidnapped by the Armed Islamic Group in March 1996, and reportedly executed on May 21; others claim that the monks were accidentally killed by the Algerian army. See Assassination of the monks of Tibhirine.
01996-08-01August 1, 1996Pierre Claverie (fr), Catholic bishop of Oran
01994-12-03December 3, 1994Saïd Mekbel (fr), journalistAssassinated with a car bomb in Aïn Bénian.
01998-06-25June 25, 1998Lounès Matoub, Berberist singer
01999-11-22November 22, 1999Abdelkader Hachani, Islamic fundamentalistFouad Boulemia, a member of the Armed Islamic Group, was convicted for Hachani's murder and sentenced to death, but was later released.

Angola[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01992-11-02November 2, 1992Jeremias Chitunda, Vice President of UNITA
01992-11-02November 2, 1992Elias Salupeto Pena, UNITA senior advisor

Burkina Faso[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01987-10-15October 15, 1987Thomas Sankara, Head of State of Burkina Faso
01998-12-13December 13, 1998Norbert Zongo, journalist

Burundi[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01961-10-13October 13, 1961Louis Rwagasore, Prime Minister of Burundi
01965-01-15January 15, 1965Pierre Ngendandumwe, Prime Minister of Burundi[5]
01965-09-30September 30, 1965Joseph Bamina, Prime Minister of Burundi
01993-10-21October 21, 1993Melchior Ndadaye, President of Burundi, Founder of The Burundi Workers' Party
01994-04-06April 6, 1994Cyprien Ntaryamira, President of BurundiAirplane shot down[6]
02001-11-20November 20, 2001Kassi Manlan, World Health Organisation representative

Cameroon[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01958-09-13September 13, 1958Ruben Um Nyobé, leader of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC)

Chad[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01975-04-13April 13, 1975François Tombalbaye, President of Chad

Comoros[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01978-05-29May 29, 1978Ali Soilih, former President of Comoros
01989-11-26November 26, 1989Ahmed Abdallah, President of Comoros
02010-06-13June 13, 2010Combo Ayouba, army chief of staff and former interim head of state

Congo (Brazzaville)[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01977-03-18March 18, 1977Marien Ngouabi, President of the CongoShot in Brazzaville[6]

Congo (Kinshasa)[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01961-01-17January 17, 1961Patrice Lumumba, former Prime Minister of the Congo[1]
01961-01-17January 17, 1961Maurice Mpolo, former Minister of Interior, and Lumumba associate[6]
01961-01-17January 17, 1961Joseph Okito, Senate Vice-President and Lumumba associate[1]
02001-01-16January 16, 2001Laurent Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the CongoShot by bodyguard[6]

Egypt[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9952-01-0148 BCPompey the Great, Roman general and politicianAchillas, Lucius Septimius and Salvius
01121-01-011121Al-Afdal Shahanshah, vizier of Fatimid Egypt
01130-01-011130Al-Amir, Fatimid Caliph
01260-01-011260Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
01800-01-011800Jean Baptiste Kléber, French general
01910-01-011910Boutros Ghali, Prime Minister of Egypt
01924-01-011924Lee Stack, Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
01944-01-011944Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne, the UK's Minister Resident in the Middle East
01945-02-24February 24, 1945Ahmed Maher Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt[7]
01948-12-28December 28, 1948Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, Prime Minister of Egypt[8]
01949-01-011949Hassan al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
01971-11-28November 28, 1971Wasfi al-Tal, Prime Minister of JordanShot during visit to Cairo[6]
01981-10-06October 6, 1981Anwar Sadat, President of EgyptKhalid IslambouliShot while reviewing military parade;[6] see Assassination of Anwar El Sadat
01990-01-011990Rifaat al-Mahgoub, speaker of Egyptian parliament
01992-01-011992Farag Foda, Egyptian politician and intellectual

The Gambia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02004-01-012004Deyda Hydara, journalist

Guinea[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01973-01-011973Amílcar Cabral, Pan-African intellectualKilled in Conakry.

Guinea Bissau[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02009-01-012009Batista Tagme Na Waie, chief of staff of the army
02009-03-02March 2, 2009Joao Bernardo Vieira, President of Guinea BissauSoldiersHacked to death during armed attack on his residence in Bissau.
02009-01-012009Baciro Dabó, government minister and independent presidential candidate
02009-01-012009Hélder Proença, former government minister

Kenya[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01965-01-011965Pio Gama Pinto, socialist politician
01969-07-05July 5, 1969Tom Mboya, Kenyan Minister of Economic Planning and politician[9]
01975-01-011975Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician
01990-01-011990Robert Ouko, foreign minister of Kenya
01998-01-011998Seth Sendashonga, former interior minister of Rwanda
02009-01-012009Oscar Kamau Kingara, human rights activist
02009-01-012009John Paul Oulo, human rights activist

Liberia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01980-04-12April 12, 1980William R. Tolbert, Jr., President of LiberiaKilled in military coup[6]
01990-01-011990Samuel Doe, President of Liberia

Libya[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02011-01-012011Abdul Fatah Younis, commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Libyan RepublicUnknown, possibly security guards or members of the Obaida Ibn Jarrah BrigadeShot due to his prior history before defecting to the NTC

Madagascar[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01863-01-011863Radama II of Madagascar, King of Madagascar
01975-02-11February 11, 1975Richard Ratsimandrava, President of MadagascarShot 6 days after taking power in military coup[6]

Mozambique[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01969-01-011969Eduardo Mondlane, leader of the independence FRELIMO movementAllegedly killed by the Portuguese branch of Gladio
02000-01-012000Carlos Cardoso, Mozambican journalist

Namibia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01978-01-011978Clemens Kapuuo, Herero chief and politician
01989-01-011989Anton Lubowski, leading white SWAPO activistUncertain; reputed to be various members of SA government and the CCBShot in front of his home in central Windhoek, Namibia.

Niger[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01999-04-09April 9, 1999Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of NigerAmbushed by soldiers[6]

Nigeria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01966-01-011966Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Prime Minister of NigeriaKilled during military coup
01966-01-011966Ahmadu Bello
01966-01-011966Adekunle Fajuyi
01966-01-011966Samuel Akintola
01966-01-011966Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, military head of state
01976-02-13February 13, 1976Murtala Ramat Mohammed, President of Nigeria[6]
01986-01-011986Dele Giwa, journalist
02001-01-012001Bola Ige, justice minister of Nigeria
02011-01-012011Modu Bintube, Borno state legislator

Rwanda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01985-01-011985Dian Fossey, primatologist
01994-01-011994Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of RwandaKilled one day after genocide began
01994-04-06April 6, 1994Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien NtaryamiraUnknownPlane carrying the two leaders shot down by unknown attackers with a surface-to-air missile. The attack was the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide.[6] See Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira.

Senegal[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01967-01-011967Demba Diop, government minister and mayor

Somalia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01969-01-011969Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, President of Somalia
02006-01-012006Abdallah Derow Isaq, former acting President of Somalia
02009-01-012009Ali Said, Mogadishu police chief
02009-01-012009Omar Hashi Aden, security minister
02011-01-012011Abdishakur Sheikh Hassan Farah, interior minister

South Africa[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01828-01-011828Shaka, king of the ZulusKilled near Stanger (now KwaDukuza) by Dingane and Mhlangana
01966-09-06September 6, 1966Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa[6]Dimitri TsafendasTsafendas, a parliamentary messenger, stabbed Verwoerd to death with a dagger in the House of Assembly due to his opposition to Verwoerd's policy of apartheid.
01982-01-011982Ruth First, anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe SlovoCraig Williamson, pro-apartheid "Koevoet" leader
01985-01-011985Vernon Nkadimeng, South African dissident
01988-01-011988Dulcie September, head of the African National Congress in ParisJoseph Klue, South African Defence Force sergeant
01993-01-011993Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist PartyJanusz WalusAnti-Communist killing
01995-01-011995Johan Heyns, prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church
02009-01-012009Mbongeleni Zondi, South African politician

Sudan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01973-03-02March 2, 1973Cleo Noel Jr and George Curtis Moore, US Chief of Mission and Deputy Chief of Mission[6]See 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations
01973-01-011973Guy Eid, Belgian Chargé d'affairesSee 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations
02008-01-012008John Granville, diplomat for the United States Agency for International Development

Swaziland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02008-01-012008Gabriel Mkhumane, political opposition leader

Tanzania[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01972-01-011972Abeid Amani Karume, first President of Zanzibar, First Vice President of Tanzania

Togo[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01963-01-13January 13, 1963Sylvanus Olympio, first president of independent TogoKilled in a coup led by dictator Gnassingbé Eyadéma[1]
01992-01-011992Tavio Amorin, socialist leaderShot in Lomé, died in Paris

Tunisia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01988-04-16April 16, 1988Khalil Wazir ("Abu Jihad"), military leader of the PLOShot by Israeli commandos in Tunis[6]
01991-01-011991Salah Khalaf ("Abu Iyad"), deputy leader of the PLOKilled by Abu Nidal terrorists in Tunis, Tunisia
02013-02-06February 6, 2013Chokri Belaid, Tunisian opposition leader

Uganda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01972-01-011972Benedicto Kiwanuka, Chief Justice of Uganda
01977-01-011977Janani Luwum, Archbishop of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977

Western Sahara[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01970-01-011970Mohamed Bassiri, Sahrawi leader and journalist"Disappeared" in El Aaiún

Zambia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01975-01-011975Herbert Chitepo, Zimbabwean nationalist leader

Zimbabwe[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01896-01-011896Mlimo, the Ndebele religious leaderFrederick Russell BurnhamEffectively ended the Second Matabele War.[10]

The Americas[edit]

Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01710-01-011710Daniel Parke, British governor of the Leeward Islands

Argentina[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01870-01-011870Justo José de Urquiza, former president of Argentina
01909-01-011909Ramón Falcón, chief of the National PoliceAssassinated by anarchists as a retaliation for his brutal repression of workers.
Mariano Ferreyra, demonstratorSee Murder of Mariano Ferreyra
01970-01-011970Pedro Aramburu, former de facto president of ArgentinaExecuted by the peronist guerrilla Montoneros in revenge for the abduction of Evita's body and for the execution of those implicated in a failed uprising fifteen years before, during Aramburu's dictatorship.
01974-01-011974Carlos Prats, Chilean general, former Commander-in-chief of the Chilean ArmyKilled by the secret service of the Pinochet dictatorship, during his exile in Argentina.
01976-01-011976Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan senator, founder of the Broad FrontExiled in Argentina as a result of the 1973 Uruguayan coup, he was killed after the 1976 Argentine coup, under the Operation Condor, which involved the collaboration between military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.
01976-01-011976Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, former speaker of the Uruguayan House of RepresentativesKilled alongside Zelmar Michelini, while exiled in Argentina.
01976-01-011976Juan José Torres, former military President of BoliviaExiled in Argentina after his overthrow by Hugo Banzer. He was killed after the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, under the Operation Condor, which involved the collaboration between military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.

Bermuda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01973-01-011973Richard Sharples, Governor of BermudaErskine "Buck" Burrows and Larry TacklynShot outside Bermuda's Government House. Sharples' aide-de-camp Captain Hugh Sayers was also killed.

Bolivia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01829-01-011829Pedro Blanco Soto, President of Boliva
01865-01-011865Manuel Isidoro Belzu, President of Bolivia
01946-01-011946Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia

Brazil[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01915-01-011915Pinheiro Machado, Brazilian politician
01930-01-011930João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque
01964-01-011964Adib Shishakli, Syrian military dictator
01975-01-011975Vladimir Herzog, journalist
01976-01-011976Zuzu Angel, Brazilian activist
01988-01-011988Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist
01996-01-011996Paulo César Farias, Collor de Mello's campaign treasurer
02001-01-012001Antonio da Costa Santos, Mayor of Campinas
02002-01-012002Celso Daniel, Mayor of Santo André
02005-01-012005Dorothy Stang, American nunKilled by business interests

Canada[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01868-01-011868Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Father of Canadian ConfederationPatrick J. WhelanOnly Canadian victim of assassination at the federal level.
01914-01-011914William C. Hopkinson, immigration officer, British intelligence agentMewa Singh, Ghadarite sympathizer
01970-01-011970Pierre Laporte, Vice Premier and Minister of Labour of QuebecKidnapped and murdered by the FLQ.
01982-01-011982Atilla Altıkat, Turkish diplomatAssassinated by Armenian nationalists in Ottawa

Chile[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01970-01-011970René Schneider, Chilean general, Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean ArmyAfter several attempts, he was kidnapped and killed by far-right paramilitary squads, due to his opposition to any intervention of the armed forces to block the election of left-wing candidate Salvador Allende in 1970.
01971-01-011971Edmundo Pérez Zujovic, Chilean ex Secretary of Interior Affairs
01973-01-011973Victor Jara, Chilean left-wing singerKilled after the coup of 1973.
01982-01-011982Eduardo Frei Montalva, former President of Chile and opponent of the Pinochet dictatorshipThough he officially died by septicemia after a low-risk surgery, recent research suggests he was poisoned by the secret service of Pinochet. However, there isn't an absolute certainty about the real causes of his death.[11]
01982-01-011982Tucapel Jiménez (es), Chilean trade-unionistKilled by the military dictatorship of Pinochet.[12]
01991-01-011991Jaime Guzmán, Chilean pinochetist SenatorKilled by far-left guerrillas after the return of democracy.

Colombia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01830-01-011830Antonio José de Sucre, Venezuelan politician, statesman, soldier
01914-01-011914Rafael Uribe Uribe, lawyer, journalist, diplomat, soldier
01948-01-011948Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Liberal Party leader
01984-01-011984Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, Minister of JusticeThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
01985-01-011985Tulio Manuel Castro Gil, Judge who had indicted Pablo Escobar
01985-01-011985Alfonso Reyes Echandia, Head of the Supreme Court.Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Fabio Calderon Botero, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Pedro Elias Serrano Abadia, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Dario Velasquez Gaviria, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Jose Eduardo Gnecco Correa, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Ricardo Medina Moyano, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Alfonso Patiño Rosselli, Supreme Court Justice.Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Carlos Medellin Forero, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Fanny Gonzalez Franco, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Dante Luis Fiorillo Porras, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Manuel Gaona Cruz, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Horacio Montoya Gil, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Carlos Horacio Uran Rojas, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Lizandro Juan Romero Barrios, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Emiro Sandoval Huertas, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Julio Cesar Andrade Andrade, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01985-01-011985Jorge A Correa Echeverry, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
01986-01-011986Guillermo Cano Isaza, Director of El Espectador newspaperThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
01987-01-011987Jaime Pardo Leal, Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party
01987-01-011987Carlos Mauro Hoyos, Attorney General of ColombiaThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel.
01989-01-011989Luis Carlos Galán, Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal PartyThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel.
01989-01-011989Jorge Enrique Pulido, journalist, Director of MundovisionThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
01990-03-22March 22, 1990Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party[6]
Waldemar Franklin Quintero, Commander of the Police of AntioquiaThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
01990-01-011990Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19 party
01991-01-011991Enrique Low Murtra, former Colombian Ambassador to SwitzerlandThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
01991-01-011991Diana Turbay, journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay AyalaAssassinated after a kidnapping by the Medellin Cartel
01994-01-011994Andrés Escobar, international footballer
01994-01-011994Manuel Cepeda Vargas, Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union party
01995-01-011995Alvaro Gómez Hurtado, former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo newspaper
01999-01-011999Jaime Garzón, journalist and satirist
02000-01-012000Crispiniano Quiñones Quiñones, Colombian Army GeneralAssassinated by members of FARC
02003-01-012003Guillermo Gaviria Correa, Governor of Antioquia

Cuba[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01935-01-011935Antonio Guiteras, Revolutionary Socialist leader

Curaçao[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02013-05-05May 5, 2013Helmin Wiels

Dominican Republic[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01899-01-011899Ulises Heureaux, president of the Dominican Republic
01961-05-30May 30, 1961Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, Dominican Republic dictatorShot in ambush
01973-01-011973Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó

Ecuador[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01875-01-011875Gabriel García Moreno, President of EcuadorFaustino RayoShot outside Quito Cathedral, owing to his pro-religious views.
01999-01-011999Jaime Hurtado and Pablo Tapia, communist legislatorsKilled in Quito

El Salvador[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01913-01-011913Manuel Enrique Araujo, President of El Salvador
01932-01-011932Farabundo Martí, communist leader and peasant revolt organizer
01975-01-011975Roque Dalton, poet and revolutionary
01977-01-011977Rutilio Grande García, S.J., Roman Catholic priest
01977-01-011977Alfonso Navarro Oviedo, Roman Catholic priest
01978-01-011978Ernesto Barrera, Roman Catholic priest
01979-01-011979Octavio Ortiz Luna, Roman Catholic priest
01979-01-011979Rafael Palacios, Roman Catholic priest
01979-01-011979Alirio Napoleón Macías, Roman Catholic priest
01980-01-011980Óscar Arnulfo Romero, Archbishop of San SalvadorKilled by right-wing death squad
01980-01-011980Enrique Álvarez Córdova and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front ("FDR," for its Spanish initials)Captured and killed by government aligned security forces.
01980-01-011980Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan, Roman Catholic nunsKilled by the National Guard of El Salvador.
01983-01-011983Albert Schaufelberger, senior U.S. Naval representative
01989-01-011989Ignacio Ellacuría, Roman Catholic Jesuit priestKilled by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
01989-01-011989Ignacio Martin-Baro, Roman Catholic Jesuit priestKilled by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
01989-01-011989Segundo Montes, Roman Catholic Jesuit priestKilled by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
01989-01-011989María Cristina Gómez, teacher and community leader

Grenada[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01983-01-011983Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada

Guatemala[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01898-01-011898José María Reina Barrios, President of Guatemala
01957-01-011957Carlos Castillo Armas, president of Guatemala, killed by bodyguard[1]
01970-01-011970Karl von Spreti, German ambassador in Guatemala
01979-01-011979Alberto Fuentes Mohr, Social Democratic Party leader
01979-01-011979Manuel Colom Argueta, Mayor of Guatemala City
01993-01-011993Jorge Carpio Nicolle, Liberal politician and journalist
01998-01-011998Juan José Gerardi, Roman Catholic bishop
02012-01-012012Valentín Leal, legislator
02013-01-012013Carlos Castillo Medrano, Mayor of Jutiapa

Guyana[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01978-01-011978Leo J. Ryan, US Congressman (D) from San Mateo, CaliforniaKilled while investigating religious cult led by American Jim Jones
01979-01-011979Bernard Darke, Roman Catholic priest and Scouting pioneer in Guyana
01980-01-011980Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure
02006-01-012006Satyadeow Sawh, Agriculture MinisterMurdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues

Haiti[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01806-01-011806Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti
01993-01-011993Antoine Izméry, businessman and Lavalas supporter
01993-01-011993Guy Malary, minister of justice
02000-01-012000Jean Dominique, journalist
02005-01-012005Jacques Roche, journalist

Honduras[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01966-01-011966Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, president of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944
02008-01-012008Mario Fernando Hernández, deputy speaker of Congress for the Liberal Party

Mexico[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01520-01-011520Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotl, Mexica Emperor
01913-02-22February 22, 1913Francisco I. Madero, President of Mexico, Nov 6, 1911 to Feb 19, 1913. [1]
01913-03-07March 7, 1913Abraham González, revolutionary, governor of Chihuahua and mentor to Pancho Villa
01919-01-011919Emiliano Zapata, revolutionaryOfficers under Colonel Jesús GuajardoShot at his hacienda in Mexico.
01920-05-20May 20, 1920Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico[1]
01923-07-20July 20, 1923Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa, revolutionary[13]UnknownShot while being driven in an open car at Parral in Mexico. His bodyguards Rafael Madreno and Claro Huertado were also killed.
01924-01-011924Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Governor of Yucatán
01928-07-17July 17, 1928Álvaro Obregón, President-elect[13]
01929-01-011929Julio Antonio Mella, Cuban revolutionary
01940-08-20August 20, 1940Leon Trotsky, Russian communist leader[13]Ramón MercaderKilled by penetrating head injury from an ice axe.
01985-01-011985Enrique Camarena, policeman
01986-01-011986Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz, journalist and State governor
01993-01-011993Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, Roman Catholic Cardinal of GuadalajaraUnknownAssassinated at the Guadalajara Airport, among 6 other people, by anti-church group.
01994-03-23March 23, 1994Luis Donaldo Colosio, Presidential candidate[6]Mario AburtoAssassinated rally at campaign in Tijuana.
01994-01-011994Francisco Ortiz Franco, contributing editor to Zeta
01994-01-011994José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional
01999-01-011999Paco Stanley, comedian
02001-01-012001Digna Ochoa, human rights lawyer
02010-01-012010Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez, Mayor of Guadalupe
02010-01-012010Rodolfo Torre Cantú, politician

Nicaragua[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01934-01-011934Augusto César Sandino, Nicaraguan revolutionary
01956-09-21September 21, 1956Anastasio Somoza García, President of Nicaragua[6]
01978-01-011978Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, newspaper editor, Nicaraguan Somoza opposition
01980-09-17September 17, 1980Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former PresidentAmbushed in Paraguay[6]
01991-01-011991Enrique Bermúdez, founder and former top commander of the Nicaraguan Contras

Panama[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01955-01-02January 2, 1955José Antonio Remón Cantera, President of PanamaKilled at racetrack by machine gun[1]

Paraguay[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01877-01-011877Juan Bautista Gill, President of Paraguay
01980-01-011980Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former President of Nicaragua
01999-03-23March 23, 1999Luis María Argaña, vice president of ParaguayAmbushed[6]

Peru[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01541-01-011541Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador
01872-01-011872Jose Balta, President of Peru
01933-01-011933Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, president of Peru
01992-01-011992María Elena Moyano, a community organizer in Villa El Salvador

Puerto Rico[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01978-01-011978Arnaldo Darío Rosado, independence movement supporter
01978-01-011978Carlos Soto Arriví, independence movement supporter
01986-01-011986Alejandro Gonzalez Malave, undercover policeman involved in the assassinations of Rosado and Soto Arrivi

Suriname[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01982-01-011982Bram Behr, Surinamese journalistVictim of the Decembermoorden

United States[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01837-01-011837Elijah P. Lovejoy, editor of an abolitionist newspaper, the "Alton Observer"Killed by a mob of pro-slavery advocates.
01882-04-03April 3, 1882Jesse James, outlawRobert Ford
01890-01-011890David Hennessy, Police Chief of New Orleans
01926-01-011926Don Mellett, newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime
01935-12-09December 9, 1935Walter Liggett, Minnesota newspaper editor
01943-01-011943Carlo Tresca, anarchist organizer
01955-01-011955Curtis Chillingworth, a Florida judge
01963-06-12June 12, 1963Medgar Evers, U.S. civil rights activist.[6]Byron De La BeckwithEvers, an African American activist and NAACP leader, was shot by De La Beckwith, a Ku Klux Klan member, who was convicted in 1994.
01963-11-24November 24, 1963Lee Harvey OswaldJack RubyShot and killed in Dallas Police Precinct station. First live murder ever seen on US television.
01965-02-21February 21, 1965Malcolm X, black Muslim leaderNorman 3X Butler, Thomas 15X Johnson, Talmadge HayerKilled in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech.
01967-08-25August 25, 1967George Lincoln Rockwell, founder and flamboyant spokesman of the American Nazi PartyJohn Patler, a former aideShot in the chest as he was leaving a laundromat.
01968-04-04April 4, 1968Martin Luther King, Jr., U.S. civil rights activist.[6]Uncertain, believed to be James Earl Ray or Loyd JowersRay was convicted on a guilty plea but later recanted, while a 1999 civil trial convicted Jowers and 'unknown others', while also noting that 'governmental agencies were parties' to the plot.[14] See Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
01969-01-011969Fred Hampton, Deputy Chair of the Chicago chapter of the Black Panther PartyShot and killed by Chicago police with FBI involvement. Tensions with the Police and American Government.
01970-01-011970Dan Mitrione, former policeman & FBI agentWent to South America to teach military regimes techniques of "advanced counterinsurgency techniques" (e.g. electric shock torture) assassinated by members of the guerrilla movement Tupamaros.
01973-01-011973Marcus Foster School District Superintendent in Oakland, CAKilled by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army
01974-06-30June 30, 1974Alberta Williams King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr.Marcus ChenaultKilled while her husband was preaching mass.
01975-01-011975Anna Mae Aquash, a Mi'kmaq activist from Nova Scotia, Canada who became the highest-ranking woman in the American Indian Movement
01976-06-13June 13, 1976Don Bolles, investigative reporter for Arizona RepublicKilled in car bomb, Max Dunlap and James Robison convicted, alleged Mafia ties.
01976-09-21September 21, 1976Orlando Letelier, Chilean ambassador to the United States for the administration of Chile's democratically-elected President Salvador AllendeKilled along with his American assistant, Ronni Moffitt, by a car bomb placed by Chilean DINA agents.
01980-12-08December 8, 1980John Lennon, British musician, member of The BeatlesMark David ChapmanSee Assassination of John Lennon.
02004-12-08December 8, 2004Darrell Lance Abbott (Dimebag Darrell), American musician, member of PanteraNathan Gale,shot Abbott three times in the head using a 9mm Beretta 92FS handgun
01984-06-18June 18, 1984Alan Berg, radio talk-show hostKilled by Neo-Nazis
01984-10-15October 15, 1984Henry Liu, Taiwanese-American writerAllegedly killed by Kuomintang agents
01985-01-011985Alex Odeh, Arab anti-discrimination group leaderKilled when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California office
01986-01-011986Alejandro González Malavé, undercover policemanKilled in Bayamón
01989-08-22August 22, 1989Huey Newton, founder of Black Panther PartyKilled by member of Black Guerrilla Army (BGA).
01990-01-011990Meir David Kahane, Member of the Israeli Knesset, Founder of the JDL and the Kach Party, Zionist
01991-01-011991Ioan P. Culianu, Romanian historian of religion, culture, and ideasKilled at the University of Chicago where he taught Swift Hall, allegedly because of opposition to his writings.
01993-01-011993David Gunn, abortion provider
01994-01-011994John Britton, physician, abortion provider
01998-01-011998Barnett Slepian, physician, abortion provider
02001-01-012001Thomas C. Wales, federal prosecutor and gun control advocate
02007-01-012007Chauncey Bailey, Oakland Tribune journalist
02009-01-012009George Tiller, late-term abortion doctorShot as he ushered at his church.

Uruguay[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01868-01-011868Bernardo P. Berro, Uruguayan president, 1860 to 1864.
01868-02-19Feb 19, 1868Venancio Flores, Uruguayan president, 1865 to Feb 15,1868.
01897-01-011897Juan Idiarte Borda, Uruguayan president
01992-01-011992Eugenio Berríos, Chilean chemist who worked for the DINA during the Pinochet dictatorshipKilled in Uruguay by Chilean secret services for him "knowing too much".

Venezuela[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01950-11-13November 13, 1950Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela[1]
02004-01-012004Danilo Anderson, State prosecutor

Asia[edit]

Afganistan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01919-01-011919Habibullah Khan, emir of Afghanistan
01933-11-08November 8, 1933Mohammed Nadir Shah, king of Afghanistan[15]
01978-01-011978Mohammed Daoud Khan, president of AfghanistanKilled in communist coup
01979-02-14February 14, 1979Adolph Dubs, U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan[6]
01979-01-011979Nur Mohammad Taraki, communist president
01979-01-011979Hafizullah Amin, communist Prime Minister of Afghanistan
01987-01-011987Meena Keshwar Kamal, Afghan founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
01996-01-011996Mohammed Najibullah, president of Afghanistan from 1986 to 1992Killed by the Taliban during the capture of Kabul
02001-01-012001Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance
02001-01-012001Abdul Haq, Afghan Northern Alliance commanderKilled by remnants of the Taliban
02001-01-012001Mohammed Atef, alleged military chief of al-Qaeda
02001-01-012001Juma Namangani, co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
02002-07-06July 6, 2002Abdul Qadir, vice-president of Afghanistan[6]
02002-02-14February 14, 2002Abdul Rahman, Afghan Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism[6]
02007-01-012007Dadullah, Taliban's senior military commander
02007-01-012007Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani, former Prime Minister of Afghanistan
02009-01-012009Tohir Yo‘ldosh, co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
02011-01-012011Burhanuddin Rabbani, former President of AfghanistanUnknown, possibly members of the Taliban or the Haqqani networkAssassinated while leading peace negotiations between the internationally recognized Afghan government of Hamid Karzai and the Taliban.
02011-01-012011Ahmed Wali Karzai, half-brother of Afghan president Hamid KarzaiSardar MohammadShot twice in the head and chest by his security guard as he was coming out of his bathroom

Armenia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01999-01-011999Vazgen Sargsyan, Prime Minister of Armenia, and Karen Demirchyan, Speaker of the National Assembly of Armenia[6]Nairi HunanyanThe attack took place in the Armenian Parliament. See 1999 Armenian parliament shooting.
01999-01-011999Leonard Petrosyan, Karabakh politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia

Azerbaijan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01997-01-011997Ziya Bunyadov, Azerbaijani historian
02005-01-012005Elmar Huseynov, Azerbaijani journalist
02009-01-012009Rail Rzayev, commander of the Azerbaijani Air Force

Bangladesh[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01975-08-15August 15, 1975Mujibur Rahman, father of the nation and founder President of Bangladesh[6]Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad and coupThe coup was planned by disgruntled Awami League colleagues and military officers who were led by Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad, and they targeted to exterminate his entire family.
01975-01-011975Muhammad Mansur Ali, Prime Minister of Bangladesh
01975-01-011975Tajuddin Ahmad, former Prime Minister
01975-01-011975Syed Nazrul Islam, former President
01975-01-011975Khaled Mosharraf, Bangladeshi general and coup organizer
01981-01-011981Ziaur Rahman, PresidentGroup of army officersPlotted by a faction of officers of Bangladesh Army led by General Abul Monjur.

Bhutan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01964-01-011964Jigme Palden Dorji, Prime Minister of Bhutan[1]

Cambodia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01950-01-011950Ieu Koeus, briefly prime minister of Cambodia in 1949

China[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00221-01-01221Zhang Fei, military general of Shu HanFan Qiang, Zhang Da
00815-01-01815Wu Yuanheng, Chancellor under Emperor Xianzong
01323-01-011323Sidibala, grand-khan of the Mongol Empire, Emperor of Yuan China
01849-01-011849João Maria Ferreira do Amaral, Portuguese Governor of Macau
01870-01-011870Ma Xinyi, governorZhang Wenxiang
01909-01-011909Ito Hirobumi, Japanese Resident-General of Korea and former Prime Minister of JapanAn Jung-geunKilled in Manchuria
01913-01-011913Song Jiaoren, Xinhai revolutionaryKilled in Shanghai
01916-01-011916Chen Qimei, revolutionary activist
01925-01-011925Liao Zhongkai
01928-01-011928Zhang Zuolin, Manchurian warlordKilled by officers of the Japanese Guandong Army
01941-01-011941Fang Zhenwu
01946-01-011946Wen Yiduo, Chinese poet and scholar
02008-01-012008Li Shiming, Chinese government official

Georgia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01920-01-011920Fatali Khan Khoyski, former Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan
01922-01-011922Cemal Pasha, former Ottoman Navy Minister
01994-01-011994Giorgi Chanturia, Georgian opposition leader

India[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9815-01-01185 BCBrihadratha Maurya, last ruler of the Mauryan dynasty
01602-01-011602Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, vizier of the Mughal emperor Akbar
01872-01-011872Richard Bourke, Viceroy of IndiaSher Ali AfridiStabbed while inspecting prisons in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
01948-01-30January 30, 1948Mohandas K Gandhi, Father of the Nation, independence leader and key proponent of non-violenceNathuram Godse
01984-10-31October 31, 1984Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime MinisterSatwant Singh and Beant SinghAssassinated by personal bodyguards. See Assassination of Indira Gandhi.
01986-08-10August 10, 1986Arun Shridhar Vaidya, Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army from 1983 to 1986
01988-03-08March 8, 1988Amar Singh Chamkila, controversial Punjabi singer/song-writer
01991-05-21May 21, 1991Rajiv Gandhi, former Indian prime ministerThenmuli RajaratnamKilled in an explosion triggered by a LTTE suicide bomber. First head of state to be killed by a suicide bomber. See Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
01995-01-011995Beant Singh, chief minister of Punjab
02001-07-25July 25, 2001Phoolan Devi, bandit queen turned politician
02002-01-012002Abdul Ghani Lone, moderate Kashmiri Muslim separatist leader

Indonesia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01945-01-011945A. W. S. Mallaby, British brigadier during the Battle of Surabaya
01965-01-011965Achmad Yani, Lieutenant GeneralKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965Soeprapto, Major GeneralKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965M. T. Haryono, Major GeneralKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965Siswondo Parman, Major GeneralKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965Donald Izacus Panjaitan, Brigadier GeneralKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965Sutoyo Siswomiharjo, Brigadier GeneralKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965Pierre Tandean, First LieutenantKilled as part of the 30 September Movement
01965-01-011965Dipa Nusantara Aidit, leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia
02004-01-012004Munir Said Thalib, a human rights and anti-corruption activist

Iran[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9535-01-01465 BCXerxes I, Persian kingKilled by guards
-9577-01-01423 BCXerxes II, Persian kingSogdianus, Xerxes' half-brother
-9577-01-01423 BCSogdianus, Persian kingDarius II, Sogdianus' half-brother
01092-01-011092Nizam al-Mulk, Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuk Turks
01747-01-011747Nader Shah, Shah of PersiaArmy officersHe was able to kill two of the assassins before dying.
01896-01-011896Nasser-al-Din Shah, Shah of PersiaMirza Reza KermaniAssassinated on the day of his fiftieth kingship ceremony.
01930-01-011930Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III, Iranian diplomat and politician
01933-01-011933Teymourtash, Iranian statesman
01947-01-011947Qazi Muhammad, dissident Kurdish Iranian political leaderKilled in Mahabad
01951-01-011951Ali Razmara, Prime Minister of IranKhalil TahmasebiShot in a mosque.
01965-01-21January 21, 1965Hassan Ali Mansur, Prime Minister of Iran[13]
01981-01-011981Mohammad BeheshtiKilled along with 71 others in bombing
01981-01-011981Mohammad Ali Rajai, president of Iran
01981-01-011981Mohammad Javad Bahonar, Prime Minister of IranKilled in bombing with Rajai
02012-01-012012Mostafa Ahmadi-Roshan, a department supervisorKilled by a bomber from a motorcycle

Iraq[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9319-01-01681 BCSennacherib, Assyrian kingArda MulissiStabbed to death while at prayer in a temple, or possibly crushed under a winged child angelica.[16]
00244-01-01244Gordian III, Roman emperorKilled near Circesium (modern day Abu Sera) by his troops
00661-01-01661Ali ibn Abi TalibAbd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam
01958-07-14July 14, 1958Faisal II, King of Iraq[13]
01958-07-14July 14, 1958Nuri Pasha as-Said, Prime Minister of Iraq[1]
01978-07-09July 9, 1978Abdul Razak al-Naif, former Prime Minister of IraqKilled in London[13]
01980-01-011980Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, former Grand Ayatollah
01980-01-011980Bint al-Huda, Iraqi educator and political activistKilled by Saddam Hussein along with her brother, Ayatullah Sayyid Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr
01988-01-011988Mahdi al-Hakim, prominent figure in the Iraqi oppositionAssassinated in the lobby of the Hilton in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, his companion Halim Abd-alWahhab was wounded in the leg.
01999-01-011999Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, former Grand AyatollahKilled in the Iraqi city of Najaf along with two of his sons
02003-01-012003Sérgio Vieira de Mello, UN Special Representative in Iraq
02003-01-012003Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, highly influential Shi'ite ayatollah
02003-01-012003Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi Governing Council member
02003-01-012003Abdul-Majid al-Khoei, Shia cleric
02003-01-012003Ahmad Shawkat, Iraqi journalist
02004-01-012004Waldemar Milewicz, Polish journalist
02004-01-012004Hatem Kamil, deputy governor of Baghdad Province
02004-01-012004Ezzedine Salim, acting chairman of the Iraqi Governing Council, Iraqi MP
02005-01-012005Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, Iraqi MP
02005-01-012005Lamiya Abed Khadawi, Iraqi MP
02005-01-012005Ihab al-Sherif, Egyptian envoy to Iraq
02005-01-012005Ali al-Haidari, governor of Baghdad Province
02005-01-012005Hadi Saleh, Secretary of the Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions
02006-01-012006Maysoon al-Hashemi, head of the Iraqi Islamic Party women's department
02006-01-012006Atwar Bahjat, Iraqi journalist
02006-01-012006Ali Jaafar, Iraqi journalist
02006-01-012006Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)
02007-01-012007Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, Sunni tribal leader
02007-01-012007Mohammed Awad, Iraqi MPKilled in the 2007 Iraqi Parliament bombing
02007-01-012007Fasal al Gaood, former governor of Al Anbar Province
02007-01-012007Khalil Jalil Hamza, governor of Al-Qādisiyyah Province
02007-01-012007Mohammed Ali al-Hasani, governor of Muthanna Province
02008-01-012008Mohamed Moumou, Number 2 leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq and senior leader in Northern Iraq
02008-01-012008Paulos Faraj Rahho, Chaldean Catholic Archeparch of Mosul
02009-01-012009Harith al-Obeidi, Iraqi MP
02009-01-012009Riad Abdel Majid, Brigadier General in the Iraqi Army[17]
02010-01-012010Abu Ayyub al-Masri, leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)
02013-01-012013Ayfan Sadoun al-Essawi, prominent Sunni MP and an important member of the Sahwa committee in Fallujah, as well as part of the opposition to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. [18]

Israel[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01134-01-011134Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa
01174-01-011174Miles of Plancy, regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
01192-01-011192Conrad of Montferrat, King of Jerusalem, leader in the Third Crusade
01924-01-011924Jacob Israël de Haan, pro-Orthodox Jewish diplomat
01933-01-011933Haim Arlosoroff, Zionist leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
01948-01-011948Thomas C. Wasson, US Consul General in Jerusalem
01948-01-011948Folke Bernadotte, Middle East peace mediatorAssassinated by Lehi[1]
01957-01-011957Rudolf Kastner, Hungarian Zionist leader, negotiated the Kasztner train with the Nazis
01981-01-011981Hamad Abu Rabia, Member of the Knesset
01995-01-011995Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize recipient[6]Yigal AmirAttack carried out by Israeli opposed to Oslo Accords. See Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin.
02000-01-012000Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, son of Meir David Kahane, leader of Kahane Chai, Zionist
02001-01-012001Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli general and politician

Japan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00456-01-01456Emperor Ankō, Emperor of Japan
00592-01-01592Emperor Sushun, Emperor of Japan
00645-01-01645The Sogas, Japanese political family
01160-01-011160Minamoto no Yoshitomo, head of Minamoto clan, father of Minamoto no Yoritomo
01219-01-011219Minamoto no Sanetomo, the third shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate
01441-01-011441Ashikaga Yoshinori, the sixth shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate
01486-01-011486Ōta Dōkan, samurai, architect and builder of Edo Castle
01507-01-011507Hosokawa Masamoto, shugo daimyo of Ashikaga Shogunate
01535-01-011535Matsudaira Kiyoyasu, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
01551-01-011551Ōuchi Yoshitaka, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
01557-01-011557Oda Nobuyuki, Japanese samurai, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga
01565-01-011565Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Shogun, feudal leader in Japan
01566-01-011566Mimura Iechika, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
01578-01-011578Yamanaka Shikanosuke, Japanese samurai
01582-01-011582Oda Nobunaga, samurai warlordAkechi Mitsuhide
01669-01-011669Shakushain, Ainu chieftain
01703-01-011703Kira Yoshinaka, master of ceremonies
01860-01-011860Ii Naosuke, Japanese politician
01862-01-011862Charles Lennox Richardson, English diplomatKilled by Shimazu Hisamitsu's samurai in Namamugi. Called the Namamugi Incident.
01863-01-011863Serizawa Kamo, a chief of Shinsen-gumi
01864-01-011864Sakuma Shozan, Japanese politician
01867-01-011867Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese author
01869-01-011869Ōmura Masujirō, military leader and theorist
01869-01-011869Yokoi Shōnan, scholar and politician
01878-01-011878Okubo Toshimichi, Home Minister of Japan, briefly most powerful man in Japan
01889-01-011889Mori Arinori, First Education Minister
01909-10-26October 26, 1909Ito Hirobumi, First Prime Minister of Japan[15]
01921-01-011921Hara Takashi, Prime Minister of Japan
01921-01-011921Yasuda Zenjirō, entrepreneur who founded Yasuda zaibatsu, great-grand father of Yoko Ono
01931-01-011931Hamaguchi Osachi, Prime Minister of Japan
01932-01-011932Dan Takuma, zaibatsu leader
01932-01-011932Inukai Tsuyoshi, Prime Minister of Japan
01932-01-011932Yoshinori Shirakawa, general of the Imperial Japanese Army
01935-01-011935Tetsuzan Nagata, general of the Imperial Japanese Army
01936-01-011936Saitō Makoto, admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy
01936-01-011936Takahashi Korekiyo, Prime Minister of Japan
01960-01-011960Inejiro Asanuma, Socialist Party of Japan chairmanOtoya YamaguchiAsanuma was pierced to assassin's bayonet while making a speech.
01985-01-011985Kazuo Nagano, Japanese chairman
01991-01-011991Hitoshi Igarashi, translated The Satanic Verses into Japanese
01995-01-011995Hideo Murai, one of the leading members of Aum Shinrikyo
02002-01-012002Koki Ishii, Japanese politician
02007-01-012007Iccho Itoh, Mayor of Nagasaki

Jordan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-8800-01-011200 BCEglon, Moabite kingEhudStabbed to death in his throne room (Judges 3:12-30).
01951-07-17July 17, 1951Riad Al Solh, former Prime Minister of LebanonUnknownShot at Amman Airport during visit to Jordan.
01951-07-20July 20, 1951Abdullah I, King of JordanUnknown, believed to be agent of Amin al-HusseiniShot when entering the Al Aqsa Mosque.[6]
01960-08-29August 29, 1960Hazza al-Majali, Prime Minister of JordanKilled with 10 others by time bomb in office[1]
02002-01-012002Laurence Foley, USAID officialKilled by Al-Qaeda operatives

Korea[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00304-01-01304King Bunseo of Baekje, King of Baekje
01895-01-011895Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea
01947-01-011947Lyuh Woon-Hyung, former head of People's Republic of Korea
01979-10-25October 25, 1979Park Chung-Hee, President of South Korea[6]Kim Jae-kyuSee Park Chung-hee assassination.

Kuwait[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01971-01-011971Hardan al-Tikriti, former Iraqi defense minister and vice president

Laos[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01963-04-01April 1, 1963Quinim Pholsena, foreign minister of Laos

Lebanon[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01152-01-011152Raymond II of Tripoli, count of Tripoli
01192-01-011192Conrad of MontferratHashshashin
01270-01-011270Philip of Montfort, Lord of Tyre
01950-01-011950Sami al-Hinnawi, Syrian head of state
01976-06-16June 16, 1976Francis E. Meloy, Jr. and Robert O. Waring, US Ambassador and US Economic Councelor to Lebanon and their driver Zuhair Mohammed Moghrabi
01977-01-011977Kamal Jumblatt, Lebanese Druze leader
01978-01-011978Tony Frangieh, Lebanese Christian leader
01982-01-011982Bachir Gemayel, president-elect of LebanonHabib Tanious ShartouniBomb explosion in the Phalange's Beirut headquarters.[6]
01987-06-01June 1, 1987Rashid Karami, Prime Minister of LebanonKilled by bomb aboard helicopter, planted by the Lebanese Forces.[6]
01989-01-011989René Moawad, President of Lebanon
01990-01-011990Dany Chamoun, son of late president Camille Chamoun
02002-01-012002Elie Hobeika, Lebanese militia leader
02005-01-012005Rafik Hariri, former Prime Minister of Lebanon and billionaireUnknown, presumed to be Hezbulla in concert with Syrian intelligence servicesAssassination via car bomb in Beirut.
02005-01-012005Samir Kassir, columnist at "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper, long a fiery critic of Syria
02005-01-012005George Hawi, former chief of Lebanese Communist Party
02005-01-012005Gibran Tueni, Editor in Chief of "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper
02006-01-012006Pierre Gemayel, Minister of Industry of Lebanon
02007-01-012007Walid Eido, member of the National Assembly
02007-01-012007Antoine Ghanim, member of the National Assembly
02007-01-012007François al-Hajj, Lebanese Military General
02008-01-012008Wissam Eid, National Security, Information Sector

Malaysia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01875-01-011875James Wheeler Woodford Birch, a British Resident Minister in the State of PerakPandak Rela Lam
01949-01-011949Duncan Stewart, Second Governor of Sarawak, a British Crown Colony (1946–1963)Rukun 13 members, Rosli Dhobie, Awang Ramli Mohd Deli, and Bujang Suntong

Maldives[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02012-01-012012Afrasheem Ali, legislator and Islamic scholar

Mongolia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01998-01-011998Sanjaasürengiin Zorig, politician and democratic activistStabbed to death in his apartment

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01168-01-011168 c. 1168Alaungsithu, King of Pagan KingdomNarathu, his son
01550-01-011550Tabinshwehti, King of Taungoo DynastyAssassinated by Mon revival
01628-01-011628Anaukpetlun, King of Nyaungyan Dynasty
01866-08-02August 2, 1866Crown Prince Ka Naung, son of King Tharrawaddy and younger brother of King Mindon
01947-01-011947Aung San, Burmese nationalist leader, founder of Thirty Comrades
01947-01-011947U Ba Win

Nepal[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02001-06-01June 1, 2001Birendra, King of Nepal, along with Queen Aiswary and 9 other members of the royal family[6]DipendraSee Nepalese royal massacre.

Pakistan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01951-10-16October 16, 1951Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan[6]
01975-01-011975Hayat Sherpao, former Governor of the North-West Frontier ProvinceKilled by Afghan extremist
01988-08-17August 17, 1988Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, 10-year President of Pakistan and 12-year Chief of Army StaffKilled in a mysterious aircraft accident which seemed to be a bomb blast (traced to a crate of mangoes placed into his aircraft).
01989-01-011989Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, militant IslamistKilled near Peshawar
01991-01-011991Fazle Haq, former governor of the Northwest Frontier province, Pakistan, from 1978 to 1985
01993-09-01September 1993Ghulam Haider Wyne, former Chief Minister of Punjab
01995-01-011995Iqbal Masih, 13-year-old anti-child labor activistKilled in Rakh Baoli
01998-01-011998Hakim Said, founder of Hamdard Foundation and Hamdard University, Karachi; former Governor of Sindh
02001-01-012001Siddiq Khan Kanju, former foreign minister of Pakistan from 1991 to 1993
02007-12-27December 27, 2007Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan (first and only lady Prime minister of Pakistan)Unknown, widely believed to be Islamic militantsKilled while entering a vehicle upon leaving a political rally for the Pakistan People's Party in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. See Assassination of Benazir Bhutto.
02009-01-012009Baitullah Mehsud, leader of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
02011-01-04January 4, 2011Salman Taseer, Governor of PunjabMalik Mumtaz Hussain QadriKilled by one of his security guards due to Taseer's opposition to Pakistan's blasphemy laws
02011-03-02March 2, 2011Shahbaz Bhatti, Minorities MinisterTehrik-i-Taliban PakistanKilled due to his opposition to Pakistan's blasphemy laws
02012-01-012012Abu Yahya al-Libi, high-ranking al-Qaeda member, alleged member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, former detainee at the Parwan Detention Facility, from where he escaped in 2005
02013-01-012013Maulvi Nazir, high-ranking Pakistani Taliban member in South Waziristan

Palestinians[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01996-01-011996Yahya Ayyash, Hamas' explosives expert
02001-01-012001Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of PFLP
02002-01-012002Salah Shahade, leader of Hamas' military wing
02003-01-012003Ibrahim al-Makadmeh, co-founder of Hamas
02003-01-012003Mekled Hameid, Islamic Jihad Movement commander
02004-01-012004Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, leader and founder of Hamas
02004-01-012004Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, leader of Hamas
02004-01-012004Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil, Hamas operative
02004-01-012004Adnan al-Ghoul, Hamas' explosives expert
02009-01-012009Nizar Rayan, Senior Hamas leader
02009-01-012009Said Seyam, Senior Hamas leader
02009-01-012009Abu Zakaria al-Jamal, Senior Hamas military wing commander

Philippines[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01719-01-011719Fernando Manuel de Bustamante, Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines
01763-01-011763Diego Silang, early rebel leader
01899-01-011899Antonio Luna, a leader of the Filipino army during Philippine-American War
01935-01-011935Julio Nalundasan, Ilocos CongressmanYoung Ferdinand Marcos tried but acquitted for the slaying
01949-01-011949Aurora Quezon, former First Lady of the Philippines
01949-01-011949Ponciano Bernardo, mayor of then Philippine capital Quezon City
01980-01-011980Joe Lingad, former Pampanga governor
01980-08-21August 21, 1980Benigno Aquino, Jr., senator and politician, leader of the opposition against Ferdinand Marcos[6]Rogelio B. MorenoBelieved to have been ordered by then President Ferdinand Marcos.
01984-01-011984Cesar Climaco, Mayor of Zamboanga City and prominent opposition leader
01986-01-011986Evelio Javier, Antique governor and ally of then presidential candidate Corazon Aquino
01986-01-011986Emma Henry, police officer and film actress
01987-01-011987Lean Alejandro, prominent student activist leader
01988-01-011988Roy Padilla, Sr., Camarines Norte Governor, Father of Robin Padilla
01989-01-011989James N. Rowe, US Military advisor
02001-01-012001Filemon 'Ka Popoy' Lagman, founder of the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP)
02006-01-012006Alberto Ramento, bishop of the Philippine Independent Church
02007-01-012007Wahab Akbar, Congress Representative of Basilan

Qatar[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02004-01-012004Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, former President of separatist Chechnya

Saudi Arabia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00644-01-01644Umar ibn al-Khattab, second caliphAbu Lulu
00665-01-01665Uthman Ibn Affan, third caliph
01975-03-25March 25, 1975Faisal of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi ArabiaPrince Faisal bin Musa'idShot by nephew at palace.[13]

Sri Lanka[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01959-09-25September 25, 1959Solomon Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan prime ministerTalduwe Somarama, a Buddhist monk who later converted to Christianity[6]
01975-01-011975Alfred Duraiyapah, former Mayor, JaffnaKilled by LTTE
01989-01-011989Vijaya Kumaratunga, movie actor turned SLFP-SLMP politicianKilled by JVP
01989-01-011989Rohana Wijeweera, founder of JVPKilled by Sri Lankan Armed Forces
01989-01-011989Appapillai Amrithalingam, founder of separatist party TULFKilled by LTTE
01991-01-011991Ranjan Wijeratne, Foreign minister & Minister of State for DefenceKilled by Ltte
01993-01-011993Lalith Athulathmudali, former cabinet ministerPurportedly killed by LTTE
01993-01-011993Ranasinghe Premadasa, President of Sri LankaKilled by a suicide bomber on May Day parade. The attack was purportedly carried out by LTTE (but was possibly revenge for his own orchestrating murder of political rival Lalith Athulathmudali, to whom he feared losing election).
01994-01-011994Gamini Dissanayake, Presidential candidate, UNP, member of ParliamentKilled by LTTE
01998-01-011998Sarojini Yogeswaran, Jaffna MayorKilled by LTTE
01998-01-011998Ponnudurai Sivapalan, Jaffna MayorKilled by LTTE
01999-01-011999Neelan Thiruchelvam, Member of Parliament (MP) and TULF leader
01999-01-011999Lakshman Algama, UNP politicianKilled by LTTE
02000-01-012000C. V. Gunaratne, cabinet ministerKilled by LTTE
02005-01-012005Joseph Pararajasingham, Tamil MP in BatticaloKilled by GoSL supported para-military Karuna Group
02005-01-012005Lakshman Kadirgamar, foreign ministerKilled by LTTE
02006-01-012006Parami Kulatunga, army generalKilled by LTTE
02006-01-012006Nadarajah Raviraj, MP and Tamil National Alliance politicianKilled by GoSL paramilitary Group
02008-01-012008T. Maheswaran, UNP Tamil MP for voicing human rights violations of GoSLKilled by Sri Lanka IB associate
02008-01-012008D. M. Dassanayake, Nation Building Minister and SLFP MPKilled by LTTE
02008-01-012008K. Sivanesan, TNA Tamil MPKilled by Sri Lankan Army DPU
02008-01-012008Jeyaraj Fernandopulle, Minister of Highways and Road Development and SLFP MPKilled by LTTE
02009-01-012009Lasantha Wickrematunge, journalist (The Sunday Leader)Unknown

Syria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9754-01-01246 BCAntiochus II Theos, Seleucid king
-9777-01-01223 BCSeleucus III Ceraunus, Seleucid king
-9824-01-01176 BCSeleucus IV Philopator, Seleucid king
-9854-01-01146 BCAlexander Balas, Seleucid king
-9862-01-01138 BCAntiochus VI Dionysus, Seleucid heir to the throne
00285-01-01285Numerian, Roman emperorArrius Aper, his father-in-lawKilled in Emesa (modern-day Homs)
01146-01-011146Zengi, ruler of Aleppo and Mosul and founder of the Zengid Dynasty
01940-01-011940Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar, Syrian nationalist
02008-01-012008Muhammad Suleiman, Syrian general and security adviser to president Bashar al-Assad
02008-01-012008Imad Mughniyah, senior member of Hezbollah
02012-01-012012Syria's Defense Minister General Dawoud Rajiha, Deputy Defense Minister Asef Shawkat, former Defense Minister General Hasan Turkmani, and Intelligence and National Security Chief Hisham IkhtiyarEither Liwa al Islam or the Free Syrian Army (both claimed responsibility)Killed either with a remotely detonated bomb or via suicide attack as part of the Syrian civil war. Several other leading government officials may have been injured or killed.
02012-01-012012Hassan Turkmani, chief of staff of the Syrian Armed Forces

Thailand[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
King Worawongsathirat, King of the Ayutthaya Kingdom
01946-01-011946King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII), the eighth monarch of Thailand under the House of Chakri

United Arab Emirates[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
02010-01-012010Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, a member of HamasUnknown, widely believed to be Mossad agentsExact cause unknown; possibilities include suffocation, strangulation, and electrocution. See Assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh.

Vietnam[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01963-11-02November 2, 1963Ngo Dinh Nhu, politician[6]
01963-11-02November 2, 1963Ngo Dinh Diem, first president of South Vietnam[6]Generally believed to be Nguyen Van Nhung and Duong Hieu Nghia, on orders from Duong Van MinhPart of the 1963 South Vietnamese coup. See Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem.

Yemen[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01948-01-011948Imam Yahya, King of Yemen
01977-01-011977Ibrahim al-Hamadi, president of North Yemen
01978-01-011978Ahmad al-Ghashmi, president of North YemenKilled by bomb along with envoy from South Yemen.
02002-01-012002Jarallah Omar, deputy secretary-general of Yemeni Socialist Party
02011-01-012011Anwar al-Aulaqi, spokesman and recruiter for al-Qaeda, leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian PeninsulaKilled in a US drone strike
02013-01-012013Said Ali al-Shihri, deputy leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian PeninsulaKilled in a US drone strike. Numerous earlier reports of his death had been previously proven wrong. [19]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01802-01-011802PemulwuyHenry HackingShot and killed by British sailor Henry Hacking under orders by Governor Phillip Gidley King
01894-02-12February 12, 1894William Paisley, Mayor of Burwood, NSW
01977-07-15July 15, 1977Donald Mackay, anti-drugs campaigner
01980-12-17December 17, 1980Sarik Ariyak, Turkish Consul General
01989-01-011989Colin Winchester, Assistant Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police
01994-01-011994John Newman, New South Wales state Member for Cabramatta

New Caledonia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01989-01-011989Jean-Marie Tjibaou, Kanak independence leader

Samoa[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01999-01-011999Luagalau Levaula Kamu, cabinet minister

Palau[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01985-01-011985Haruo Remeliik, president

West Papua[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01984-04-26April 26, 1984Arnold Ap, songman and ethnomusicologistShot in back by Indonesian military unit upon release from prison [20]
01996-03-14March 14, 1996Thomas Wainggai, Independence leaderAllegedly poisoned by Indonesian intelligence officers in Cipinang prison.[20]
02001-11-10November 10, 2001Theys Eluay, West Papuan Independence movement leaderAssassinated by Kopassus officers after attending a military dinner, Jayapura, Papua [20]
02009-12-16December 16, 2009Kelly Kwalik, legendary West papuan guerrilla leaderAssassinated by Detachment 88 officers in Timika, West Papua [20]
02012-06-14June 14, 2012Mako Tabuni, Chairman of main civil resistance independence organisation, West Papua National Committee(KNPB)Assassinated by Detachment 88 officers in Jayapura, West Papua [21]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01924-01-011924Avni Rustemi, nationalist member of parliament

Austria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01916-01-011916Count Karl von Stürgkh, Minister-President of Austria
01934-01-011934Engelbert Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria[22]Paul Hudl, Otto Planetta and other Austrian NazisPart of a failed coup d'état, the July Putsch.
01989-01-011989Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou, dissident Kurdish Iranian political leaderKilled in Vienna

Belgium[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01950-01-011950Julien Lahaut, chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium
01971-01-011971Maximiliano Gómez, Dominican communist leader
01990-01-011990Gerald Bull, Canadian developer of the Martlet cannonKilled in Brussels.
01991-01-011991André Cools, Belgian politician

Bosnia and Hercegovina[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01914-06-28June 28, 1914Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife SophieGavrilo PrincipThis assassination played a role in starting World War I[22]
01995-01-011995Irfan Ljubijankić, foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
01997-01-011997Jozo Leutar, minister of Internal Affair of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01895-01-011895Stefan Stambolov, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria
01907-01-011907Dimitar Petkov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria
01923-01-011923Aleksandar Stamboliyski, Prime Minister of Bulgaria
01995-01-011995Vasil Iliev, insurance boss, owner of "VIS-2", former wrestler
01996-10-02October 2, 1996Andrey Lukanov, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria[6]
02003-01-012003Iliya Pavlov, president of Multigroup corporation, former wrestler, the wealthiest man in Bulgaria
02005-01-012005Georgi Iliev, football club owner, brother of the assassinated Vasil Iliev
02005-01-012005Emil Kyulev, banker, ex-professional swimmer, voted Mr. Economics in Bulgaria for 2002
02006-01-012006Ivan "Doktora" Todorov, businessman alleged of smuggling
02008-01-012008Borislav Georgiev, CEO of "Atomenergoremont" nuclear plant repair company

Croatia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00480-01-01480Julius Nepos, Roman emperorAssassinated near Salona (modern Solin).

Czech Republic[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00921-01-01921Saint Ludmila, wife of Duke Bořivoj, grandmother of Duke Václav I
00935-01-01935Václav I (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of Bohemia
01306-01-011306Václav III, King of Bohemia
01634-01-011634Albrecht von Wallenstein, Czech general during the Thirty Years' War
01923-01-011923Alois Rašín, Minister of Finances of Czechoslovakia
01942-01-011942Reinhard Heydrich, a General in the Nazi German paramilitary corps and governor of occupied Czech landsJan Kubiš, Jozef Gabčík

Denmark[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01286-01-011286Erik V Klipping, King of Denmark

Finland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01904-01-011904Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, Governor-General of FinlandEugen SchaumanHappens on day described in James Joyce's novel Ulysses, is briefly mentioned in the book.
01905-01-011905Eliel Soisalon-Soininen, attorney General
01917-01-011917Alfred Kordelin, entrepreneur
01922-01-011922Heikki Ritavuori, Minister of the Interior of Finland

France[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01354-01-011354Charles d'Espagne, constable of France
01407-01-011407Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans
01419-01-011419John the Fearless
01572-01-011572Gaspard de Coligny
01589-01-011589Henri III, King of FranceJacques ClémentReligious-political antagonism.
01610-01-011610Henri IV, King of FranceFrançois RavaillacReligious-political antagonism.
01789-01-011789Jacques de Flesselles, Provost of Paris
01793-01-011793Jean-Paul Marat, revolutionaryCharlotte CordayStabbed in his bathtub. Later often seen as a patriotic act.
01820-02-13February 13, 1820Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of the future King Charles XLouis Pierre Louvel
01894-06-24June 24, 1894Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of FranceSante Geronimo Caserio, anarchistStabbed to death after a speech in Lyon.
01914-07-30July 30, 1914Jean Jaurès, politician, pacifist[23]Raoul VillainThe assassin was tried and acquitted in 1919.
01932-05-06May 6, 1932Paul Doumer, President of FrancePaul GorguloffShot at a book fair at the Hôtel Salomon de Rothschild, Paris.[22]
01934-01-011934Alexander I of Yugoslavia, king of YugoslaviaVlado ChernozemskiKilled in Marseille during a state visit.
01934-01-011934Louis Barthou, foreign minister of FranceKilled along with King Alexander I of Yugoslavia at Marseille
01938-01-011938Ernst vom Rath, German diplomat in France
01944-01-011944Constant Chevillon, head of FUDOFSIKilled by Gestapo in Lyon
01944-01-011944Philippe Henriot, State secretary for Information and Propaganda of Vichy governmentKilled by French resistants in Paris
01944-01-011944Georges Mandel, former radical-socialist minister and French resistantKilled by miliciens in forest of Fontainebleau
01944-01-011944Eugène Deloncle, milicien and former leader of clandestine far-right organisation La CagouleKilled by Gestapo
01965-01-011965Mehdi Ben Barka, Moroccan socialist leader and Third-World Tricontinental leaderDisappeared in Paris
01973-01-011973Outel Bono, Chadian medical doctor and anti-Tombalbaye activist
01976-01-011976Jean de Broglie, former minister and one of the French negotiators of the Évian Accords
01978-01-011978Henri Curiel, anticolonialist activist
01978-01-011978José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana "Argala", Basque leader
01979-01-011979Pierre Goldman, left-wing activist
01979-01-011979Robert Boulin, minister of Labor and many times minister since 1961Officially suicide, but a lot of anomalies revealed since.
01980-01-011980Joseph Fontanet, former minister
01980-01-011980Salah al-Din Bitar, Syrian Baath politician
01980-01-011980Yehia El-Mashad, Egyptian atomic scientist
01982-01-011982Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude, right-wing activist and criminal
01986-01-011986Georges Besse, Renault executiveShot while emerging from his car in Paris, by far-left activists of Action directe
01988-01-011988Dulcie September, African National Congress representativeKilled in Paris.
01990-01-011990Joseph Doucé, activist for sexual minorities
01991-01-011991Shapour Bakhtiar, Prime Minister of Iran briefly in 1979Stabbed to death at his home in France.
01995-01-011995Abdelbaki Sahraoui, co-founder of the Algerian Islamic Salvation FrontKilled in Paris.
01998-01-011998Claude Erignac, prefect of Corsica

Germany[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00235-01-01235Alexander Severus, Roman emperorKilled near Moguntiacum (present-day Mainz) by his troops.
00268-01-01268Postumus, Gallic emperorKilled in Mainz
00268-01-01268Laelianus, Gallic emperorKilled in Mainz
01208-01-011208Philipp von Hohenstaufen, Emperor, in Bamberg
01225-01-011225Engelbert I. von Köln, Archbishop of Cologne
01233-01-011233Konrad von Marburg, inquisitor
01919-01-011919Rosa Luxemburg, socialist writerKilled in Berlin.
01919-01-011919Karl Liebknecht, socialist lawyer and politicianKilled in Berlin.
01919-01-011919Kurt Eisner, Prime Minister of Bavaria
01921-01-011921Talat Pasha, former Ottoman Minister of Interior AffairsKilled in Berlin by Soghomon Tehlirian.
01921-01-011921Matthias Erzberger, politician
01922-06-24June 24, 1922Walther Rathenau, German foreign minister[23]
01934-01-011934Ernst Röhm, leader of the Sturm Abteilung (SA)
01934-01-011934Kurt von Schleicher, former German chancellorMurdered by the SS.
01959-01-011959Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leaderAssassinated by Bohdan Stashynsky in Munich.
01970-01-011970Belkacem Krim, Algerian politician
01977-01-011977Siegfried Buback, German attorney general
01977-01-011977Jürgen Ponto, CEO Dresdner Bank
01977-01-011977Hanns-Martin Schleyer, president of the German employers' organization
01989-01-011989Alfred Herrhausen, Deutsche Bank CEO
01991-01-011991Detlev Karsten Rohwedder, director of Treuhandanstalt for former East Germany
01992-01-011992Sadeq Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan, Nouri Dehkordi, dissident Kurdish Iranian political leadersKilled in Berlin (see Mykonos restaurant assassinations).

Greece[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9539-01-01461 BCEphialtes, leader of the radical democracy movement in Athens
-9596-01-01404 BCAlcibiades, Athenian general and politician
-9664-01-01336 BCPhilip II of Macedon, king of MacedonPausanias of OrestisKilled in Pella
-9719-01-01281 BCSeleucus I Nicator, founder of the Seleucid dynastyKilled near Lysimachia.
-9749-01-01251 BCAbantidas, tyrant of Sicyon
01831-01-011831Ioannis Capodistrias, first President of Greece
01905-06-13June 13, 1905Theodoros Deligiannis, Prime Minister of Greece
01907-03-08March 8, 1907Marinos Antypas, Greek politician
01913-03-18March 18, 1913George I of Greece, King of Greece[6]Alexandros SchinasPossible conspiracy.
01948-05-01May 1948George Polk, American journalist critical of US aid to rightist Greek government
01963-01-011963Grigoris Lambrakis, leader of anti-fascist movement in Greece
01975-01-011975Richard Welch, CIA Station Chief
01988-01-011988Hagop Hagopian, Armenian leader of ASALA
01988-01-011988William Nordeen, Tsantes successor as U.S. military attaché in Athens
01989-01-011989Pavlos Bakoyannis, New Democracy politician
02000-01-012000Stephen Saunders, Brigadier and British military attaché in Athens

Hungary[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01918-10-31October 31, 1918István Tisza, Premier of Hungary[23]

Iceland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01241-09-23September 23, 1241Snorri Sturluson, historian and politicianGissur Þorvaldsson

Ireland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01014-01-011014Brian Boruma, Irish king
01920-01-011920Tomás Mac Curtain, Lord Mayor of Cork
01922-01-011922Michael Collins, President of the Provisional Government and Irish Republican Army (IRA) guerrilla leader during the Irish War of Independence[13]Sonny O'NeillKilled in an ambush firefight near the end of Irish Civil War.
01927-01-011927Kevin O'Higgins, Irish politician, Minister of Home Affairs/Minister of Justice of the Irish Free State[23]
01936-01-011936Henry Boyle Townshend Somerville, assassinated for providing assistance to Royal Navy recruits
01976-01-011976Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to Ireland
01979-01-011979Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Royal Navy Admiral of the Fleet, last Viceroy of India[6]
01994-01-011994Dominic McGlinchey, Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) leader
01996-01-011996Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist

Italy (and former Roman Empire)[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9252-01-01748 BCTitus Tatius, Sabine kingKilled in Rome.
-9421-01-01579 BCLucius Tarquinius Priscus), Etruscan king of RomeKilled in Rome by the sons of Ancus Marcius.
-9466-01-01534 BCServius Tullius, Etruscan king of RomeTarquin IIKilled in Rome.
-9867-01-01133 BCTiberius Gracchus, Roman tribuneKilled in Rome by Roman senators.
-9956-01-0144 BCJulius Caesar, Roman general and dictatorMarcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, and other members of the Roman SenateResulted in Civil War and indirectly in the end of the Roman Republic.
-9957-01-0143 BCCicero, Roman oratorKilled outside of Rome under orders from Mark Antony.
00041-01-0141Caligula, Roman EmperorCassius Chaerea, members of the Praetorian Guard, and others
00054-01-0154Claudius, Roman EmperorUncertain, reputed to be Agrippina the Younger on behalf of Nero
00069-01-0169Vitellius, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Flavian army.
00069-01-0169Galba, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders from Otho.
00096-01-0196Domitian, Roman EmperorStephanus, steward to Julia FlaviaKilled in Rome.
00192-01-01192Commodus, Roman EmperorNarcissus, wrestlerKilled in Rome.
00193-01-01193Pertinax, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Praetorian Guard.
00193-01-01193Didius Julianus, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Praetorian Guard.
00212-01-01212Publius Septimius Geta, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by centurions under orders of Caracalla.
00217-01-01217Caracalla, Roman EmperorMartialisKilled between Edessa and Carrhae (modern-day Sanli Urfa and Harran), possibly under orders of Macrinus.
00222-01-01222Elagabalus, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders of Julia Maesa and Julia Mamaea.
00238-01-01238Maximinus Thrax, Roman EmperorKilled outside Aquileia by his troops.
00238-01-01238Pupienus, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Praetorian Guard. See Year of the Six Emperors.
00238-01-01238Balbinus, Roman EmperorKilled in Rome by the Praetorian Guard. See Year of the Six Emperors.
00253-01-01253Volusianus, Roman EmperorKilled near Interamna by his troops.
00253-01-01253Trebonianus Gallus, Roman EmperorKilled near Interamna by his troops.
00275-01-01275Aurelian, Roman EmperorMucapor and members of the Praetorian GuardKilled near Caenophrurium (modern-day Corlu).
00276-01-01276Florianus, Roman EmperorKilled near Tarsus.
01412-01-011412Gian Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan[24]
01478-01-011478Giuliano de' Medici, co-ruler of FlorenceFrancesco de' Pazzi and Bernardo BandiniGiuliano was stabbed 19 times, in an incident known as the Pazzi conspiracy. Lorenzo de' Medici was also attacked, but escaped with his life.
01497-01-011497Giovanni Borgia, Duke of Gandia, son of Pope Alexander VI
01848-01-011848Pellegrino Rossi, Papal States Minister of Justice
01900-07-29July 29, 1900Umberto I of Italy, King of Italy[13]Gaetano BresciHe was shot four times with a revolver. The reason was the royal decoration of the general Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris, who ordered a bloody repression in Milan in 1898. Influenced Leon Czologsz to kill William McKinley in 1901.
01921-01-011921Said Halim Pasha, former Ottoman Prime Minister
01924-06-10June 10, 1924Giacomo Matteotti, Italian socialist politician[23]
01925-01-011925Luigj Gurakuqi, Albanian independence leaderKilled in Bari.
01945-04-28April 28, 1945Benito Mussolini, fascist, former Prime Minister of Italy[15]
01962-01-011962Enrico Mattei, Italian public head officer, head of Eni oil company, supported Algerian independence
01975-01-011975Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer, poet and film director
01978-01-011978Aldo Moro, former Prime Minister of ItalyKidnapped and later killed by the Red Brigades. See Kidnapping of Aldo Moro.
01978-01-011978Giuseppe Impastato, anti-mafia activist
01979-01-011979Cesare Terranova, magistrate
01982-01-011982Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, General of the Carabinieri Corps, investigating on the mafia
01983-01-011983Rocco Chinnici, magistrate
01992-01-011992Giovanni Falcone, anti-mafia judge
01992-01-011992Paolo Borsellino, anti-mafia judge
01992-01-011992Salvo Lima, politician
02002-01-012002Marco Biagi, Italian Labor Ministry advisor

Montenegro[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01860-01-011860Danilo II of MontenegroKilled in Kotor (then Austria-Hungary) by a member of Bjelopavlici tribe.
01945-01-011945Sekula Drljević, Montenegrin nationalist

Netherlands[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00754-01-01754Saint Boniface, Christian missionary
01099-01-011099Conrad, Bishop of Utrecht
01296-01-011296Count Floris V
01425-01-011425Duke John of Straubing-Holland
01584-01-011584William I of Orange, leader of the Dutch war of independence from Spanish rule (Eighty Years' War)Balthasar Gérard
01649-01-011649Isaac Dorislaus, diplomat
01672-01-011672Johan de Witt, politician, and his brother
01672-01-011672Cornelis de Witt
01987-01-011987Gerrit Jan Heijn, top manager of Ahold
02002-01-012002Pim Fortuyn, election candidateVolkert van der GraafThe attack took place in a parking lot outside a radio studio in Hilversum, where Fortuyn had just given an interview.
02004-01-012004Theo van Gogh, film director, writer and criticMohammed BouyeriVan Gogh was cycling to work in Amsterdam. He was shot on his bicycle eight times with an HS2000 handgun. Bouyeri also tried to decapitate van Gogh with one knife, and stabbed him in the chest with another.

Norway[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01136-01-011136Harald IV of Norway, King assassinated by a pretender to the throne

Ottoman Empire[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01579-01-011579Mehmed Sokollu, Grand Vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent
01622-01-011622Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
01913-01-23January 23, 1913Mahmud Sevket Pasha, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire[23]
01929-01-011929Celal Pasha, former Ottoman Minister for the NavyKilled in Istanbul, due to his role in the Armenian Genocide

Poland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01079-01-011079Stanislaus of Szczepanów, Bishop of Kraków (now a saint)
01922-12-16December 16, 1922Gabriel Narutowicz, President of Poland[23]Eligiusz NiewiadomskiKilled five days after his inauguration, while attending the opening of an art exhibit at the Zachęta Gallery in Warsaw.
01934-06-15June 15, 1934Bronisław Pieracki, Minister of Interior of Poland
01944-01-011944Franz Kutschera, German SS general and chief of policeArmia KrajowaKilled by Polish resistance. See Operation Kutschera.
01984-01-011984Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priestKilled by the communist political police.
01998-01-011998Marek Papała, chief of the policeBelieved to have been killed by the mafia.

Portugal[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
-9861-01-01139 BCViriathus, leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion over the regions of Western Iberia
01355-01-011355Inês de Castro, posthumously declared Queen of Portugal
01908-02-01February 1, 1908Carlos I of Portugal, King, and Luiz Filipe of Portugal, Crown Prince[23]Manuel Buíça and Alfredo CostaShot by assassins sympathetic to Republican interests and aided by anti-monarchic society Portuguese Carbonária.
01918-01-011918Sidónio Pais, President
01965-01-011965Humberto Delgado, General, Presidential Candidate
01980-01-011980Francisco Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister
01980-01-011980Adelino Amaro da Costa, Minister of Defense
01983-01-011983Issam Sartawi, member of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationShot in a hotel.

Romania[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01601-01-011601Mihai Viteazul, Ruler of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania
01862-01-011862Barbu Catargiu, Prime Minister of Romania
01933-01-011933Ion Duca, Prime Minister of Romania
01938-01-011938Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, politician
01939-01-011939Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania[15]
01940-01-011940Nicolae Iorga, former Prime Minister of Romania, historian
01940-01-011940Virgil Madgearu, politician
01945-01-011945Constantin Tănase, actor
01989-01-011989Danny Huwe, Belgian journalist

Serbia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01817-01-011817Karađorđe Petrović, leader of the First Serbian Uprising
01868-01-011868Mihailo Obrenović, Prince of Serbia
01903-01-011903Aleksandar Obrenović, King of Serbia, and Draga Mašin, Queen ConsortArmy officers led by Dragutin DimitrijevićPart of the May Overthrow.
02003-01-012003Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of SerbiaZvezdan JovanovićJovanović killed his victim with a sniper rifle (a relatively rare type of assassination); see Assassination of Zoran Đinđić.

Spain[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01870-01-011870Juan Prim, Prime Minister of Spain and Governor of Puerto Rico
01897-01-011897Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Prime Minister of SpainMichele AngiolilloShot in a spa in Mondragón, Guipúzcoa.
01912-01-011912José Canalejas, Prime Minister of Spain
01921-01-011921Eduardo Dato Iradier, Prime Minister of Spain
01936-01-011936José Castillo, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party lieutenant in the Assault Guards
01936-01-011936José Calvo Sotelo, right-wing politician
01936-01-011936Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet and dramatistKilled by fascists.
01936-01-011936Raoul Villain, assassin of Jean Jaurès
01937-01-011937Andrés Nin, Spanish Communist revolutionary
01967-01-011967Mohamed Khider, Algerian politicianKilled in Madrid
01968-01-011968Melitón Manzanas, secret police officer
01973-12-20December 20, 1973Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish prime minister[8]ETAThe murder of Luis Carrero Blanco was, according to ETA, then to intensify existing divisions within the Franco regime between the "openness" and "purists".
01997-01-011997Miguel Ángel Blanco, Basque politicianKilled by ETA
02000-01-012000Fernando Buesa Blanco, Basque politician and party leaderETACar bombing.
02000-01-012000Ernest Lluch Martín, former Spanish minister

Sweden[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01156-01-011156King Sverker I of Sweden
01160-01-011160King Eric IX of Sweden
01167-01-011167King Charles VII of Sweden
01436-01-011436Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, statesman, Regent of Sweden
01577-01-011577King Eric XIV of SwedenOn order of his half-brother King John III of Sweden
01792-01-011792King Gustav III of SwedenJacob Johan AnckarströmThe king was shot at a masquerade ball and died two weeks later from his wounds.
01810-01-011810Axel von Fersen, statesman, Grand Marshal of Sweden
01986-02-28February 28, 1986Olof Palme, Swedish prime minister[6]UnknownShot on his way home from a cinema on a street in central Stockholm. See Assassination of Olof Palme.
02003-01-012003Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign AffairsMijailo MijailovićLindh was stabbed while visiting a shopping centre in Stockholm. She died the following morning.

Switzerland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01308-01-011308Albert I of Habsburg, German King and Duke of AustriaJohn ParricidaAlbert was killed by his nephew, whom he had deprived of his inheritance, at Windisch on the Reuss River.
01639-01-011639Jörg JenatschKilled in Chur
01898-01-011898Elisabeth ("Sisi"), empress of Austria and queen of HungaryLuigi LucheniLucheni attacked the Empress randomly on the street of Geneva. Elisabeth was stabbed in the heart once with a sharp needle file. Due to her extremely tight corset, she had no idea she has been wounded and collapsed suddenly two hours later due to slow internal hemorrhaging.
01936-01-011936Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi party
01960-01-011960Félix-Roland Moumié, successor to Ruben Um Nyobe at the head of the UPCAssassinated by the SDECE (French secret services).
01990-01-011990Kazem Rajavi, Iranian opposition leaderKilled in Geneva.

Turkey[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01913-01-011913Mahmud Şevket Pasha, prime minister
01921-01-011921Mustafa Suphi, communist leader
01979-01-011979Abdi Ipekçi, journalist, Editor-in-Chief of Milliyet newspaperKilled by Mehmet Ali Ağca in Istanbul.
01979-01-011979Metin Yüksel, Islamic political activist
01979-01-011979Cavit Orhan Tütengil, academician and writer
01980-01-011980Ümit Kaftancıoğlu, writer and TV producer
01980-01-011980Kemal Türkler, labor union leaderKilled by Grey Wolves in Istanbul.
01980-01-011980Nihat Erim, former Prime Minister of TurkeyKilled by a Dev Sol operative in Istanbul.
01990-01-011990Muammer Aksoy, University professor in LawKilled in Ankara.
01990-01-011990Bahriye Üçok, University professor in Islam Studies and women's rights activistKilled in Istanbul.
01990-01-011990Turan Dursun, Islamic scholar, author, and journalistKilled in Ankara, unresolved.
01992-01-011992Musa Anter, dissident Kurdish activist and writerKilled in Diyarbakır, unresolved, attributed to Turkish military intelligence (JITEM).
01993-01-011993Uğur Mumcu, a journalist of Cumhuriyet newspaperUnknownKilled in Ankara.
01995-01-011995Onat Kutlar, writer, poet, founder of Cinemateque Istanbul, columnist for Cumhuriyet newspaperKilled in Istanbul.
01996-01-011996Özdemir Sabancı, prominent industrialist and member of Sabancı family
01998-01-011998Konca Kuriş, Islamic feminist authorKidnapped and tortured to death in Mersin.
01999-01-011999Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, politician, former Minister of Culture, Ankara University professor in Political Science, Cumhuriyet newspaper columnist
02001-01-012001Üzeyir Garih, Turkish Jewish businessman and industrialist
02002-01-012002Necip Hablemitoğlu, Professor of history at Ankara UniversityHis assassination is unresolved.
02006-01-012006Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, High Judge at Council of StateAlparslan ArslanKilled in Ankara.
02006-01-012006Andrea Santoro, Roman Catholic priestMurdered in the Santa Maria Church in Trabzon.
02007-01-012007Hrant Dink, Turkish Armenian journalist, publisher of Agos newspaperOgün SamastFired three shots at Dink's head from the back at point blank range before fleeing the scene on foot. See Assassination of Hrant Dink.

United Kingdom[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00293-01-01293Carausius, usurper of the Western Roman Empire
00946-01-01946Edmund I, King of EnglandStabbed at a banquet
00978-01-01978Edward the Martyr, King of England
01170-01-011170Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury
01306-01-011306John II Comyn, Lord of BadenochRobert the Bruce
01381-01-011381Robert Hales, Lord High TreasurerBeheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt.
01381-01-011381Simon of Sudbury, Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of LondonBeheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt.
01381-01-011381John Cavendish, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Chancellor of the University of CambridgeBeheaded in Bury St Edmunds by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt.
01437-01-011437King James I of ScotlandWalter Stewart, Earl of AthollKilled at Perth on the night of 20–1 February in a failed coup by his kinsman and former ally Walter Stewart.
01452-01-011452William Douglas, 8th Earl of DouglasJames II of Scotland
Henry VI of England, King of EnglandKilled in the Tower of London likely on the orders of Edward IV of England.
01488-01-011488King James III of ScotlandKilled by rebels.
01567-01-011567Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, husband of Mary, Queen of Scots
01570-01-011570James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Regent of ScotlandJames HamiltonThe first assassination carried out with a firearm.
01679-01-011679James Sharp, Archbishop of St AndrewsKilled in Fife, near St Andrews.
01812-01-011812Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United KingdomJohn BellinghamThe only British prime minister to be assassinated.
01916-01-011916Lord Kitchener, British Field Marshal and Secretary of State for WarKilled on the HMS Hampshire after the cruiser struck a mine off Orkney. His body was never recovered. Some claim that Kitchener was deliberately assassinated; Fritz Joubert Duquesne, a German spy, claimed to have orchestrated the sinking of the Hampshire.
01922-06-22June 22, 1922Henry Hughes Wilson, British field marshal, retired Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Conservative politician[23]
01940-01-011940Michael O'Dwyer, former Lieutenant Governor of the PunjabUdham Singh, a Punjabi revolutionaryKilled during a speech at Caxton Hall, London.
01972-01-011972Paddy Wilson, Social Democratic and Labour Party politician
01975-01-011975Ross McWhirter, co-author of the Guinness Book of Records and right wing political activist
01977-01-011977Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri, past prime minister of Yemen Arab RepublicKilled in London.
01978-01-011978Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident
01979-01-011979Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, former Governor-General of IndiaThomas McMahonKilled along with three others while on a fishing trip with his family by a bomb planted onto his boat by McMahon. McMahon was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, who claimed responsibility for the attack.
01979-01-011979Airey Neave, British Conservative politicianCar bombing outside Palace of Westminster, by members of the Irish National Liberation Army
01981-01-011981Sir Norman Stronge, aristocrat and Northern Irish politician
01981-01-011981Sir James Stronge, 9th Baronet, aristocrat and Northern Irish politician
01981-01-011981Robert Bradford, Unionist MP in Northern Ireland
01982-01-011982Shlomo Argov, Israeli Ambassador to the Court of St. James'sAlthough Argov survived this assassination attempt, the injuries he sustained in the attack resulted in his death in 2003.
01983-01-011983Edgar Graham, Ulster Unionist politician
01987-01-011987George Seawright, Northern Ireland politician
01989-01-011989Patrick Finucane, solicitor
01990-01-011990Ian Gow, British Conservative politicianIRA membersKilled by a car bomb near his house.
01997-01-011997Billy Wright, Loyalist Volunteer Force leader
01999-01-011999Rosemary Nelson, Irish Catholic solicitor and human rights advocate
01999-01-011999Jill Dando, British television presenter
02006-01-012006Alexander Litvinenko, former FSB officer and critic of Vladimir PutinUnknown, though believed to be figures within the government of RussiaAcute radiation syndrome via ingestion of polonium-210. See Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko.
02010-09-16September 16, 2010Dr Imran Farooq, founding member of the All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization (APMSO)Killed in Edgware, London, by Altaf Hussain through conspiracy.

Yugoslavia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
00268-01-01268Gallienus, Roman emperorKilled near Naissus.
00282-01-01282Probus, Roman emperorAssassinated at Sirmium.
00285-01-01285Carinus, Roman emperorAssassinated at Margus.
02000-01-012000Željko Ražnatović ("Arkan"), Serb paramilitary leader
02000-01-012000Pavle Bulatović, defense minister of Yugoslavia
02000-01-012000Ivan Stambolić, Serbian politician

Ukraine[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01918-01-011918Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer
01926-01-011926Symon Petlura, Ukrainian political leaderSholom Schwartzbard
01938-01-011938Yevhen Konovaletz, Ukrainian nationalist leaderPavel Sudoplatov
01959-01-011959Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leaderBohdan Stashynsky
01957-01-011957Lev Rebet, Ukrainian nationalist leaderBohdan Stashynsky
01979-01-011979Volodymyr Ivasiuk, Ukrainian composer
01998-01-011998Vadym Hetman, politician, banker
02000-01-012000Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist
02000-01-012000Yevhen Shcherban, Ukrainian politician
02005-01-012005Stepan Senchuk, Ukrainian politician

Russia/Soviet Union[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
01762-01-011762Peter III of Russia, Emperor of Russia
01801-01-011801Paul of Russia, Emperor of Russia
01825-01-011825Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich, military Governor of Saint Petersburg
01878-01-011878Nikolay Vladimirovich Mezentsev, Executive Director of the Third Section
01881-03-13March 13, 1881Alexander II of Russia, Tsar of All the Russias[22]Ignacy HryniewieckiAssassination plot concluded with bombs.
01893-01-011893Nikolay Alekseyev, Mayor of Moscow
01902-04-08April 8, 1902Dmitry Sipyagin, Russian Interior Minister[23]
01904-01-011904Vyacheslav Pleve, Russian Interior Minister
01905-01-011905Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov, former Governor-General of Moscow
01911-09-14September 14, 1911Peter Stolypin, Russian Prime MinisterKilled in theater in Kiev[23]
01916-12-30December 30, 1916Grigori Rasputin, controversial friar and mystic[13]
01918-07-16July 16, 1918Tsar Nicholas II and his family: Tsarina Alexandra, Tsarevich Alexei, and the Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia
01918-07-18July 18, 1918Elizabeth (Ella) of Hesse, Grand Duchess of Russia, sister of Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of tsar Nicholas II
01918-01-011918V. Volodarsky, revolutionary
01918-01-011918Wilhelm von Mirbach, German Ambassador in Moscow
01934-12-01December 1, 1934Sergei Kirov, Bolshevik party leader in Leningrad[23]
01948-01-011948Solomon Mikhoels, Chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee[25]
01991-01-011991Igor Talkov, singer-songwriter, anti-Soviet activist
01995-01-011995Vladislav Listyev, a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel
01996-01-011996Dzhokhar Dudayev, first Chechen separatist President and anti-Russian guerrilla leader
01998-01-011998Valeriy Hubulov, South Ossetian politician, former prime minister
01998-01-011998Galina Starovoitova, influential politician, then member of Russian parliament (Duma)
01998-01-011998Otakhon Latifi, Tajik journalist and opposition figure
02003-01-012003Sergei Yushenkov, Russian politicianKilled in Moscow[26]
02003-01-012003Yuri Shchekochikhin, Russian journalistKilled in Moscow[27]
02004-01-012004Paul Klebnikov, editor of the Russian edition of Forbes magazine
02004-01-012004Akhmad Kadyrov, Kremlin-backed President of the Chechen RepublicPresumed to be Chechen IslamistsKilled along with about 30 others in a football stadium during a Soviet Victory Day parade, by a bomb that had been built into the concrete of one of the stadium's supporting columns.
02005-01-012005Aslan Maskhadov, President of separatist Chechnya
02005-01-012005Anatoly Trofimov, former FSB deputy director
02005-01-012005Magomed Omarov, deputy Interior Minister of Dagestan
02005-01-012005Bayaman Erkinbayev, Kyrgyz MP
02006-01-012006Altynbek Sarsenbayev, Kazakh politician
02006-01-012006Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev, President of separatist Chechnya
02006-01-012006Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist and human rights campaignerUnknown; many theoriesShot in the elevator block of her apartment in Moscow. See Assassination of Anna Politkovskaya.
02008-01-012008Vitaly Karayev, mayor of Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia–Alania
02008-01-012008Kazbek Pagiyev, former mayor of Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia–Alania
02008-01-012008Nina Varlamova, mayor of Kandalaksha, Murmansk Oblast
02009-01-012009Stanislav Markelov, human rights lawyer
02009-01-012009Adilgerei Magomedtagirov, interior minister of Dagestan
02009-01-012009Aza Gazgireyeva, deputy chair of Ingushetia Supreme Court
02009-01-012009Bashir Aushev, former deputy prime minister of Ingushetia
02009-01-012009Natalia Estemirova, human rights activist
02011-01-012011Gadzhimurat Kamalov, journalist

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m World Almanac 1967, p257
  2. ^ "Algeria Official Clings To Life". Toledo Blade. April 12, 1963. p. 15. 
  3. ^ "Multitude Sees Rites". Reading Eagle. May 6, 1963. p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Historic Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2004, p156 (World Almanac 2004)
  5. ^ "Chief Political Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1967, p257 (World Almanac 1967)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao World Almanac 2004, p156
  7. ^ "Assassinations and Political Murders," 20th Century Timeline (Griesewood & Dempsey, Ltd., 1985) (Crescent Books, 1985) [20th Century Timeline] , p119
  8. ^ a b 20th Century Timeline, p120
  9. ^ "Historic Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1982 (World Almanac 1982), p750
  10. ^ "Killed the Matabele God: Burnham, the American scout, may end uprising". New York Times. June 25, 1896. ISSN 0093-1179. 
  11. ^ "Veneno para un magnicidio". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  12. ^ "Habla Mayor (R) Carlos Herrera Jimenez, procesado por el Caso Tucapel". Web.archive.org. 2008-01-17. Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j World Almanac 1982, p750
  14. ^ Complete Transcript of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassination Conspiracy Trial (from The King Center website)
  15. ^ a b c d 20th Century Timeline, p119
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