List of assassinations

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This is a list of assassinations, sorted by location.

For the purposes of this article, an assassination is defined as the deliberate, premeditated murder of a prominent figure, often for religious or political reasons.

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
117 BCHiempsal, co-ruler of NumidiaHiempsal's death was ordered by his cousin, Jugurtha.
December 24, 1942François Darlan, senior figure of Vichy FranceFernand Bonnier de La Chapelle
March 10, 1957Larbi Ben M'Hidi, Algerian nationalist and FLN leaderHanged by French Army officers under Paul Aussaresses; at the time, his death was passed off as a suicide.
March 23, 1957Ali Boumendjel, Algerian lawyerThrown from a building by French Army officers under Paul Aussaresses; at the time, his death was passed off as a suicide.
April 1957Larbi Tbessi, Nationalist and Association of Algerian Muslim Ulema (fr) president
June 21, 1957Maurice Audin, Pied-noir and PC millitant
February 1960Esther John, Pakistani Christian nurse
February 3, 1987Mustafa Bouyali, Islamic fundamentalistAmbushed by Algerian security services.
June 29, 1992Mohamed Boudiaf, Head of State of AlgeriaLembarek BoumaârafiShot at Annaba.[1]
June 2, 1993Tahar Djaout, journalist, poet and authorKilled by the Armed Islamic Group.
August 21, 1993Kasdi Merbah, former Prime Minister of Algeria
March 10, 1994Abdelkader Alloula, playwrightKilled by two members of the Islamic Front for Armed Jihad.
September 29, 1994Cheb Hasni, singer
September 28, 1995Aboubakr Belkaid (fr), politician
May 21, 1996Seven Trappist monks of TibérineThe monks were kidnapped by the Armed Islamic Group in March 1996, and reportedly executed on May 21; others claim that the monks were accidentally killed by the Algerian army. See Assassination of the monks of Tibhirine.
August 1, 1996Pierre Claverie (fr), Catholic bishop of Oran
December 3, 1994Saïd Mekbel (fr), journalistAssassinated with a car bomb in Aïn Bénian.
June 25, 1998Lounès Matoub, Berberist singer
November 22, 1999Abdelkader Hachani, Islamic fundamentalistFouad Boulemia, a member of the Armed Islamic Group, was convicted for Hachani's murder and sentenced to death, but was later released.

Angola[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
November 2, 1992Jeremias Chitunda, Vice President of UNITAKilled by government troops as part of the Halloween Massacre.
November 2, 1992Elias Salupeto Pena, UNITA senior advisorKilled by government troops as part of the Halloween Massacre.

Burkina Faso[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
October 15, 1987Thomas Sankara, Head of State of Burkina FasoKilled in a coup d'état organised by Blaise Compaoré.
December 13, 1998Norbert Zongo, journalist

Burundi[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
October 13, 1961Louis Rwagasore, Prime Minister of BurundiGeorges Kageorgis
January 15, 1965Pierre Ngendandumwe, Prime Minister of Burundi[2]
September 30, 1965Joseph Bamina, Prime Minister of Burundi
October 21, 1993Melchior Ndadaye, President of Burundi, founder of the Burundi Workers' PartyOverthrown and killed in a military coup.
November 20, 2001Kassi Manlan, World Health Organisation representativeMurdered in a conspiracy after discovering that aid money was being diverted into private accounts.

Cameroon[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
September 13, 1958Ruben Um Nyobé, leader of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon

Chad[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 13, 1975François Tombalbaye, President of Chad

Comoros[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
May 29, 1978Ali Soilih, former President of Comoros
November 26, 1989Ahmed Abdallah, President of ComorosOverthrown in a coup.
June 13, 2010Combo Ayouba, army chief of staff and former interim head of state

Congo (Brazzaville)[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
March 18, 1977Marien Ngouabi, President of the CongoBarthélemy Kikadidi and othersShot in Brazzaville.[3]

Congo (Kinshasa)[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
January 17, 1961Patrice Lumumba, former Prime Minister of the Congo[4]Executed by firing squad.
January 17, 1961Maurice Mpolo, former Minister of Interior, and associate of Lumumba[3]
January 17, 1961Joseph Okito, Senate Vice-President and associate of Lumumba[4]
January 16, 2001Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo[3]Rashidi Muzele, one of Kabila's bodyguards

Egypt[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
48 BCPompey the Great, Roman general and politicianAchillas, Lucius Septimius and Salvius
1121Al-Afdal Shahanshah, vizier of Fatimid Egypt
1130Al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah, Fatimid Caliph
October 24, 1260Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
June 14, 1800Jean Baptiste Kléber, French generalSuleiman al-Halabi
February 20, 1910Boutros Ghali, Prime Minister of EgyptIbrahim Nassif al-Wardani
November 19, 1924Lee Stack, Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
November 6, 1944Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne, the UK's Minister Resident in the Middle EastEliyahu Hakim, a member of Zionist group Lehi
February 24, 1945Ahmed Maher Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt[5]Mustafa Essawy
December 28, 1948Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, Prime Minister of Egypt[6]Abdel Meguid Ahmed Hassan
February 12, 1949Hassan al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
November 28, 1971Wasfi al-Tal, Prime Minister of JordanShot by members of Black September during a visit to Cairo.[3]
October 6, 1981Anwar Sadat, President of EgyptKhalid IslambouliShot while reviewing a military parade;[3] see Assassination of Anwar El Sadat.
October 13, 1990Rifaat al-Mahgoub, speaker of Egyptian parliament
June 8, 1992Farag Foda, Egyptian politician and intellectualIslamist movement al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya claimed responsibility for the attack.

The Gambia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
December 16, 2004Deyda Hydara, journalist

Guinea[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
January 20, 1973Amílcar Cabral, Pan-African intellectualInocêncio KaniKilled in Conakry.

Guinea Bissau[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
March 1, 2009Batista Tagme Na Waie, chief of staff of the army
March 2, 2009Joao Bernardo Vieira, President of Guinea BissauShot by soldiers during armed attack on his residence in Bissau.
June 5, 2009Baciro Dabó, government minister and independent presidential candidate
June 5, 2009Helder Proença, former government minister

Kenya[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
February 25, 1965Pio Gama Pinto, socialist politician
July 5, 1969Tom Mboya, Kenyan Minister of Economic Planning and politician[7]
1975Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician
February 1990Robert Ouko, Foreign Minister of KenyaDisappeared on February 12–13; found dead on February 16.[8]
May 16, 1998Seth Sendashonga, former interior minister of Rwanda
March 5, 2009Oscar Kamau Kingara, human rights activist
March 5, 2009John Paul Oulo, human rights activist

Liberia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 12, 1980William R. Tolbert, Jr., President of LiberiaKilled in military coup.[3]
September 1990Samuel Doe, President of LiberiaTortured and killed on the orders of Prince Johnson.

Libya[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
July 28, 2011Abdul Fatah Younis, commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Libyan RepublicPerpetrators unknown, possibly security guards or members of the Obaida Ibn Jarrah Brigade

Madagascar[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
May 12, 1863Radama II, King of MadagascarAfter Radama passed a controversial law allowing disputes to be settled by duelling, his palace was besieged on the orders of the Prime Minister, Rainivoninahitriniony. Radama was captured by soldiers and strangled with a silk sash; some historians believe he may have survived this attack and lived out the rest of his days in obscurity.
February 11, 1975Richard Ratsimandrava, President of MadagascarShot six days after taking power in military coup.[3]

Mozambique[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
February 3, 1969Eduardo Mondlane, leader of the independence FRELIMO movement
November 22, 2000Carlos Cardoso, Mozambican journalistShot while investigating allegations of corruption in Mozambique's largest bank. Nyimpine Chissano and Anibal dos Santos were charged with orchestrating the murder.

Namibia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
March 27, 1978Clemens Kapuuo, Herero chief and politician
September 12, 1989Anton Lubowski, leading white SWAPO activistShot in front of his home in central Windhoek, allegedly by members of the government's Civilian Co-Operation Bureau.

Niger[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 9, 1999Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of NigerAmbushed by soldiers.[3]

Nigeria[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
January 15, 1966Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Prime Minister of NigeriaKilled in a military coup.
January 15, 1966Ahmadu Bello, Premier of Northern NigeriaKilled in a military coup.
January 15, 1966Samuel Akintola, Premier of Western NigeriaKilled in a military coup.
July 29, 1966Adekunle Fajuyi, Military Governor of Western NigeriaKilled in a coup led by Theophilus Danjuma.
July 29, 1966Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, Head of State of NigeriaKilled in a coup led by Theophilus Danjuma.
February 13, 1976Murtala Mohammed, Head of State of Nigeria[3]Killed in an attempted coup led by Buka Suka Dimka.
October 19, 1986Dele Giwa, journalist
December 23, 2001Bola Ige, justice minister of Nigeria
October 16, 2011Modu Bintube, Borno state legislatorSuspected to have been killed by Boko Haram militants.[9]

Rwanda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
December 1985Dian Fossey, primatologist
April 6, 1994Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda, and Cyprien Ntaryamira, President of BurundiPlane carrying the two leaders shot down by unknown attackers with a surface-to-air missile. The attack was the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide.[3] See Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira.
April 7, 1994Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of RwandaKilled one day after the Rwandan Genocide began.

Senegal[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
February 3, 1967Demba Diop, government minister and mayorAbdou N'Daffa Faye

Somalia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
October 15, 1969Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, President of SomaliaShot by one of his bodyguards, possibly for personal – rather than political – reasons.
July 28, 2006Abdallah Isaaq Deerow, former acting President of Somalia
June 17, 2009Ali Said, Mogadishu police chief
June 18, 2009Omar Hashi Aden, security ministerKilled in the 2009 Beledweyne bombing, for which Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility.
June 10, 2011Abdishakur Sheikh Hassan Farah, interior ministerHaboon Abdulkadir Hersi Qaaf, Farah's teenage nieceKilled in a suicide bomb attack; Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility.

South Africa[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1828Shaka, king of the ZulusDingane and Mhlangana, Shaka's half-brothers
September 6, 1966Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa[3]Dimitri TsafendasTsafendas, a parliamentary messenger, stabbed Verwoerd to death with a dagger in the House of Assembly due to his opposition to Verwoerd's policy of apartheid.
August 17, 1982Ruth First, anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe SlovoKilled by a letter bomb; her death was ordered by Craig Williamson, pro-apartheid "Koevoet" leader.
May 21, 1985Vernon Nkadimeng, South African dissident
March 29, 1988Dulcie September, head of the African National Congress in Paris
April 10, 1993Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist PartyJanusz WalusAnti-Communist killing.
November 5, 1994Johan Heyns, prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church
January 22, 2009Mbongeleni Zondi, South African politician

Sudan[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
March 2, 1973Cleo A. Noel, Jr., US Chief of Mission, George Curtis Moore, Deputy Chief of Mission, and Guy Eid, Belgian chargé d'affaires[3]Taken hostage and assassinated by members of Black September; see Attack on the Saudi Embassy in Khartoum.
January 1, 2008John Granville, diplomat for the United States Agency for International Development

Swaziland[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 1, 2008Gabriel Mkhumane, political opposition leader

Tanzania[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 7, 1972Abeid Karume, 1st President of Zanzibar and 1st Vice President of Tanzania

Togo[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
January 13, 1963Sylvanus Olympio, first president of independent TogoKilled in the 1963 Togolese coup d'état.[4]
July 29, 1992Tavio Amorin, socialist leaderShot in Lomé on July 23, later died in a Paris hospital.

Tunisia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 16, 1988Khalil al-Wazir, military leader of the PLOShot by Israeli commandos in Tunis.[3]
January 14, 1991Salah Khalaf, deputy leader of the PLOKilled in Tunis.
February 6, 2013Chokri Belaid, Tunisian opposition leader
July 25, 2013Mohamed Brahmi, Tunisian opposition leader

Uganda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
September 22, 1972Benedicto Kiwanuka, Chief Justice of Uganda
February 17, 1977Janani Luwum, Archbishop of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977

Western Sahara[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1970Mohamed Bassiri, Sahrawi leader and journalist"Disappeared" in June 1970, in El Aaiún; reportedly executed by the Spanish Legion.

Zambia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
March 18, 1975Herbert Chitepo, Zimbabwean nationalist leader

Zimbabwe[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1896Mlimo, the Ndebele religious leaderFrederick Russell Burnham, British Army scoutMlimo's death effectively ended the Second Matabele War.[10]

The Americas[edit]

Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1710Daniel Parke, British governor of the Leeward Islands

Argentina[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1870Justo José de Urquiza, former president of Argentina
1909Ramón Falcón, chief of the National PoliceAssassinated by anarchists as a retaliation for his brutal repression of workers.
1970Pedro Aramburu, former de facto president of ArgentinaExecuted by the peronist guerrilla Montoneros in revenge for the abduction of Evita's body and for the execution of those implicated in a failed uprising fifteen years before, during Aramburu's dictatorship.
1974Carlos Prats, Chilean general, former Commander-in-chief of the Chilean ArmyKilled by the secret service of the Pinochet dictatorship, during his exile in Argentina.
1976Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan senator, founder of the Broad FrontExiled in Argentina as a result of the 1973 Uruguayan coup, he was killed after the 1976 Argentine coup, under the Operation Condor, which involved the collaboration between military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.
1976Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, former speaker of the Uruguayan House of RepresentativesKilled alongside Zelmar Michelini, while exiled in Argentina.
1976Juan José Torres, former military President of BoliviaExiled in Argentina after his overthrow by Hugo Banzer. He was killed after the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, under the Operation Condor, which involved the collaboration between military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.

Bermuda[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1973Richard Sharples, Governor of BermudaErskine "Buck" Burrows and Larry TacklynShot outside Bermuda's Government House. Sharples' aide-de-camp Captain Hugh Sayers was also killed.

Bolivia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1829Pedro Blanco Soto, President of Bolivia
1865Manuel Isidoro Belzu, President of Bolivia
1946Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia

Brazil[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1915Pinheiro Machado, Brazilian politician
1930João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque
1964Adib Shishakli, Syrian military dictator
1975Vladimir Herzog, journalist
1976Zuzu Angel, Brazilian activist
1988Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist
1996Paulo César Farias, Collor de Mello's campaign treasurer
2001Antonio da Costa Santos, Mayor of Campinas
2002Celso Daniel, Mayor of Santo André
2005Dorothy Stang, American nunKilled by business interests

Canada[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1868Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Father of Canadian ConfederationPatrick J. WhelanOnly Canadian victim of assassination at the federal level.
1914William C. Hopkinson, immigration officer, British intelligence agentMewa Singh, Ghadarite sympathizer
1970Pierre Laporte, Vice Premier and Minister of Labour of QuebecKidnapped and murdered by the FLQ.
1982Atilla Altıkat, Turkish diplomatAssassinated by Armenian nationalists in Ottawa

Chile[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1818Manuel Rodriguez, Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chileattributed to the head of the government
1837Diego Portales, As a minister of president José Joaquín Prieto Diego Portales played a pivotal role in shaping the state and government politics in the 19th century, delivering with the Constitution of 1833 the framework of the Chilean state for almost a century.Colonel José Antonio Vidaurre
1970René Schneider, Chilean general, Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean ArmyAfter several attempts, he was kidnapped and killed by far-right paramilitary squads, due to his opposition to any intervention of the armed forces to block the election of left-wing candidate Salvador Allende in 1970.
1971Edmundo Pérez Zujovic, Chilean ex Secretary of Interior Affairs
1973Victor Jara, Chilean left-wing singerKilled after the coup of 1973.
1982Eduardo Frei Montalva, former President of Chile and opponent of the Pinochet dictatorshipThough he officially died by septicemia after a low-risk surgery, recent research suggests he was poisoned by the secret service of Pinochet. However, there isn't an absolute certainty about the real causes of his death.[11]
1982Tucapel Jiménez (es), Chilean trade-unionistKilled by the military dictatorship of Pinochet.[12]
1991Jaime Guzmán, Chilean pinochetist SenatorKilled by far-left guerrillas after the return of democracy.

Colombia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1830Antonio José de Sucre, Venezuelan politician, statesman, soldier
1914Rafael Uribe Uribe, lawyer, journalist, diplomat, soldier
1948Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Liberal Party leader
1984Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, Minister of JusticeThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1985Tulio Manuel Castro Gil, Judge who had indicted Pablo Escobar
1985Alfonso Reyes Echandia, Head of the Supreme Court.Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Fabio Calderon Botero, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Pedro Elias Serrano Abadia, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Dario Velasquez Gaviria, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Jose Eduardo Gnecco Correa, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Ricardo Medina Moyano, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Alfonso Patiño Rosselli, Supreme Court Justice.Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Carlos Medellin Forero, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Fanny Gonzalez Franco, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Dante Luis Fiorillo Porras, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Manuel Gaona Cruz, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Horacio Montoya Gil, Supreme Court JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Carlos Horacio Uran Rojas, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Lizandro Juan Romero Barrios, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Emiro Sandoval Huertas, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Julio Cesar Andrade Andrade, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985Jorge A Correa Echeverry, State Council Assistant JusticeKilled during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1986Guillermo Cano Isaza, Director of El Espectador newspaperThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1987Jaime Pardo Leal, Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party
1987Carlos Mauro Hoyos, Attorney General of ColombiaThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel.
August 18, 1989Luis Carlos Galán, Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal PartyThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel.
1989Jorge Enrique Pulido, journalist, Director of MundovisionThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
March 22, 1990Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party[3]
Waldemar Franklin Quintero, Commander of the Police of AntioquiaThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1990Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19 party
1991Enrique Low Murtra, former Colombian Ambassador to SwitzerlandThe assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1991Diana Turbay, journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay AyalaAssassinated after a kidnapping by the Medellin Cartel
1994Andrés Escobar, international footballer
1994Manuel Cepeda Vargas, Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union party
1995Alvaro Gómez Hurtado, former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo newspaper
1999Jaime Garzón, journalist and satirist
2000Crispiniano Quiñones Quiñones, Colombian Army GeneralAssassinated by members of FARC
2003Guillermo Gaviria Correa, Governor of Antioquia

Cuba[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1935Antonio Guiteras, Revolutionary Socialist leader

Curaçao[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
May 5, 2013Helmin Wiels

Dominican Republic[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1899Ulises Heureaux, president of the Dominican Republic
May 30, 1961Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, Dominican Republic dictatorShot in ambush
1973Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó

Ecuador[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1875Gabriel García Moreno, President of EcuadorFaustino RayoShot outside Quito Cathedral, owing to his pro-religious views.
1999Jaime Hurtado and Pablo Tapia, communist legislatorsKilled in Quito

El Salvador[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1913Manuel Enrique Araujo, President of El Salvador
1932Farabundo Martí, communist leader and peasant revolt organizer
1975Roque Dalton, poet and revolutionary
1977Rutilio Grande García, S.J., Roman Catholic priest
1977Alfonso Navarro Oviedo, Roman Catholic priest
1978Ernesto Barrera, Roman Catholic priest
1979Octavio Ortiz Luna, Roman Catholic priest
1979Rafael Palacios, Roman Catholic priest
1979Alirio Napoleón Macías, Roman Catholic priest
1980Óscar Arnulfo Romero, Archbishop of San SalvadorKilled by right-wing death squad
1980Enrique Álvarez Córdova and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front ("FDR," for its Spanish initials)Captured and killed by government aligned security forces.
1980Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan, Roman Catholic nunsKilled by the National Guard of El Salvador.
1983Albert Schaufelberger, senior U.S. Naval representative
1989Ignacio Ellacuría, Roman Catholic Jesuit priestKilled by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
1989Ignacio Martin-Baro, Roman Catholic Jesuit priestKilled by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
1989Segundo Montes, Roman Catholic Jesuit priestKilled by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
1989María Cristina Gómez, teacher and community leader

Grenada[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1983Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada

Guatemala[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1898José María Reina Barrios, President of Guatemala
1957Carlos Castillo Armas, president of Guatemala, killed by bodyguard[4]
1970Karl von Spreti, German ambassador in Guatemala
1979Alberto Fuentes Mohr, Social Democratic Party leader
1979Manuel Colom Argueta, Mayor of Guatemala City
1993Jorge Carpio Nicolle, Liberal politician and journalist
1998Juan José Gerardi, Roman Catholic bishop
2012Valentín Leal, legislator
2013Carlos Castillo Medrano, Mayor of Jutiapa

Guyana[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
November 18, 1978Leo Ryan, Member of the US House of RepresentativesMembers of the People's Temple in JonestownWas shot to death in Guyana while investigating human rights violations by members of the People's Temple.
1980Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure
2006Satyadeow Sawh, Agriculture MinisterMurdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues

Haiti[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1806Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti
1993Antoine Izméry, businessman and Lavalas supporter
1993Guy Malary, minister of justice
2000Jean Dominique, journalist
2005Jacques Roche, journalist

Honduras[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1966Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, president of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944
2008Mario Fernando Hernández, deputy speaker of Congress for the Liberal Party

Mexico[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1520Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotl, Mexicano Bitchie Emperor
February 22, 1913Francisco I. Madero, President of Mexico, Nov 6, 1911 to Feb 19, 1913.[4]
March 7, 1913Abraham González, revolutionary, governor of Chihuahua and mentor to Pancho Villa
1919Emiliano Zapata, revolutionaryOfficers under Colonel Jesús GuajardoShot at his hacienda in Mexico.
May 20, 1920Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico[4]
July 20, 1923Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa, revolutionary[13]UnknownShot while being driven in an open car at Parral in Mexico. His bodyguards Rafael Madreno and Claro Huertado were also killed.
1924Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Governor of Yucatán
July 17, 1928Álvaro Obregón, President-elect[13]José de León Toral
1929Julio Antonio Mella, Cuban revolutionary
August 20, 1940Leon Trotsky, Russian communist leader[13]Ramón MercaderKilled by penetrating head injury from an ice axe.
1985Enrique Camarena, policeman
1986Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz, journalist and State governor
1993Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, Roman Catholic Cardinal of GuadalajaraUnknownAssassinated at the Guadalajara Airport, among 6 other people, by cocaine drug gang Tijuana Cartel using Logan Heights (San Diego, CA) street gang, either as a mistaken attack on another cartel leader (Sinaloa Cartel) or to silence Ocampo regarding possible corrupt connections between government and drug cartels; some more recent speculation that an anti-church group was involved.
March 23, 1994Luis Donaldo Colosio, Presidential candidate[3]Mario AburtoAssassinated rally at campaign in Tijuana.
September 28, 1994José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional
1999Paco Stanley, comedian
2001Digna Ochoa, human rights lawyer
2004Francisco Ortiz Franco, contributing editor to Zeta
2010Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez, Mayor of Guadalupe
2010Rodolfo Torre Cantú, politician

Nicaragua[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1934Augusto César Sandino, Nicaraguan revolutionary
September 21, 1956Anastasio Somoza García, President of Nicaragua[3]Rigoberto López Pérez
1978Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, newspaper editor, Nicaraguan Somoza opposition
September 17, 1980Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former PresidentAmbushed in Paraguay[3]
1991Enrique Bermúdez, founder and former top commander of the Nicaraguan Contras

Panama[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
January 2, 1955José Antonio Remón Cantera, President of PanamaKilled at racetrack by machine gun[4]

Paraguay[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1877Juan Bautista Gill, President of Paraguay
1980Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former President of Nicaragua
March 23, 1999Luis María Argaña, vice president of ParaguayAmbushed[3]

Peru[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1541Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador
1872Jose Balta, President of Peru
1933Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, president of Peru
1992María Elena Moyano, a community organizer in Villa El Salvador

Puerto Rico[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1978Arnaldo Darío Rosado, independence movement supporter
1978Carlos Soto Arriví, independence movement supporter
1986Alejandro González Malavé, undercover policeman involved in the assassinations of Darío Rosado and Soto Arriví

Suriname[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1982Bram Behr, Surinamese journalistVictim of the Decembermoorden

United States[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 15, 1865Abraham Lincoln, President of the United StatesJohn Wilkes BoothWas shot while watching the play Our American Cousin in the presidential box at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C. Lincoln died the next morning across the street in a boarding house. Booth and accomplice David Harreld hid in a barn in Virginia. Harreld surrendered while troops set the barn on fire and shot and killed Booth.
July 2, 1881James A. Garfield, President of the United StatesCharles J. GuiteauShot by Guiteau while waiting for a train at a Washington train station. Didn't die until September 19.
April 3, 1882Jesse James, outlawRobert Ford
1890David Hennessy, Police Chief of New Orleans
September 6, 1901William McKinley, President of the United StatesLeon CzolgoszCzolgosz shot McKinley while he was shaking hands at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Didn't die until September 14.
1926Don Mellett, newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime
September 8, 1935Huey Long, U.S Senator from LouisianaCarl WeissLong attended the State Capital building to help pass "House Bill Number One". Long was able to help get the bill to pass. After the meeting, Carl Weiss, the son-in-law of Long's long-time oppoent, Judge Benjamin Henry Pavy, confronted Long and pulled out a handgun and shot Long in the abdomen. Weiss was shot and killed by Long's bodyguards. Long died two days later.
December 9, 1935Walter Liggett, Minnesota newspaper editor
1943Carlo Tresca, anarchist organizer
1955Curtis Chillingworth, a Florida judge
June 12, 1963Medgar Evers, U.S. civil rights activist.[3]Byron De La BeckwithEvers, an African American activist and NAACP leader, was shot by De La Beckwith, a Ku Klux Klan member, who was convicted in 1994.
November 22, 1963John F. Kennedy, President of the United StatesLee Harvey OswaldWhile traveling in a motorcade in Dallas,Texas, 3 shots rang out when the car was in front of the Texas School Book Depository. Texas governor John Connally was also wounded. Kennedy is the most recent President of the United States to be assassinated.
November 24, 1963Lee Harvey OswaldJack RubyShot and killed in basement garage of Dallas Police Headquarters. First murder seen live on US television.
February 21, 1965Malcolm X, black Muslim leaderNorman 3X Butler, Thomas 15X Johnson, Talmadge HayerKilled in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech.
August 25, 1967George Lincoln Rockwell, leader of the American Nazi PartyJohn Patler, a former aideShot in the chest as he was leaving a laundromat.
April 4, 1968Martin Luther King, Jr., U.S. civil rights activist.[3]Uncertain, believed to be James Earl Ray or Loyd JowersRay pled guilty but later recanted, while a 1999 civil trial convicted Jowers and 'unknown others', while also noting that 'governmental agencies were parties' to the plot.[14] See Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
June 5, 1968Robert F. Kennedy, American politician, who served as a United States Senator for New York and leading Democratic presidential candidate in 1968.Sirhan SirhanShot after giving a speech after winning the primary. Sirhan was convicted on April 17, 1969 and less than a week later was sentenced to death.[15] The sentence was commuted to life in prison in 1972 after the California Supreme Court, in its decision in California v. Anderson, invalidated all pending death sentences imposed in California prior to 1972.
1969Fred Hampton, Deputy Chair of the Chicago chapter of the Black Panther PartyShot and killed by Chicago police with alleged FBI involvement. Tensions with the Police and American Government.
1970Dan Mitrione, former policeman & FBI agentWent to South America to teach military regimes techniques of "advanced counterinsurgency techniques" (e.g., electric shock torture) assassinated by members of the guerrilla movement Tupamaros.
1973Marcus Foster School District Superintendent in Oakland, CAKilled by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army
June 30, 1974Alberta Williams King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr.Marcus ChenaultKilled while her husband was preaching.
1975Anna Mae Aquash, a Mi'kmaq activist from Nova Scotia, Canada who became the highest-ranking woman in the American Indian Movement
June 13, 1976Don Bolles, investigative reporter for Arizona RepublicKilled by car bomb, Max Dunlap and James Robison convicted, alleged Mafia ties.
September 21, 1976Orlando Letelier, Chilean ambassador to the United States for the administration of Chile's democratically-elected President Salvador AllendeKilled along with his American assistant, Ronni Moffitt, by a car bomb placed by Chilean DINA agents.
November 27, 1978Harvey Milk, San Francisco Supervisor, first openly gay elected official in the US, and gay rights activist, and George Moscone, mayor of San FranciscoDan White, former San Francisco Supervisor who opposed Milk's advocacySee Moscone–Milk assassinations
December 8, 1980John Lennon, British musician, member of The BeatlesMark David ChapmanSee Assassination of John Lennon.
June 18, 1984Alan Berg, radio talk-show hostKilled by neo-Nazis
October 15, 1984Henry Liu, Taiwanese-American writerAllegedly killed by Kuomintang agents
1985Alex Odeh, Arab anti-discrimination group leaderKilled when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California office
1986Alejandro González Malavé, undercover policemanKilled in Bayamón
August 22, 1989Huey Newton, founder of Black Panther PartyKilled by member of Black Guerrilla Army (BGA).
1990Meir David Kahane, Member of the Israeli Knesset, Founder of the JDL and the Kach Party, Zionist

El Said Nosair

Killed by an Arab gunman in a Manhattan hotel, El Said Nosair who was found guilty of conspiracy charges linking him to Sheik Abdul Rahman, "the blind sheik", Al Quieda's point man in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Kahane's assassination was Al Quieda's first act of terror on US soil.
1991Ioan P. Culianu, Romanian historian of religion, culture, and ideasKilled at the University of Chicago where he taught at the Divinity School Swift Hall, allegedly because of opposition to his writings.
1993David Gunn, abortion providerMichael F. GriffinShot outside his clinic. See Murder of David Gunn.
1994John Britton, physician, abortion providerPaul Jennings HillShot at his clinic.
1998Barnett Slepian, physician, abortion providerJames Charles KoppShot in his kitchen.
2001Thomas C. Wales, federal prosecutor and gun control advocateShot while at his computer.
December 8, 2004Darrell Lance Abbott, American musician, member of PanteraNathan GaleShot onstage while performing with Damageplan.
2007Chauncey Bailey, Oakland Tribune journalistShot on the street in Oakland.
2009George Tiller, late-term abortion doctorScott RoederShot as he ushered at his church.

Uruguay[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1868Bernardo P. Berro, Uruguayan president, 1860 to 1864.
February 19, 1868Venancio Flores, Uruguayan president, 1865 to February 15, 1868.
1897Juan Idiarte Borda, Uruguayan president
1992Eugenio Berríos, Chilean chemist who worked for the DINA during the Pinochet dictatorshipKilled in Uruguay by Chilean secret services for him "knowing too much".

Venezuela[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
November 13, 1950Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela[4]Rafael Simón Urbina
2004Danilo Anderson, State prosecutor

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1802PemulwuyHenry HackingShot and killed by British sailor Henry Hacking under orders by Governor Phillip Gidley King
February 12, 1894William Paisley, Mayor of Burwood, NSW
July 15, 1977Donald Mackay, anti-drugs campaigner
December 17, 1980Sarik Ariyak, Turkish Consul General
1989Colin Winchester, Assistant Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police
1994John Newman, New South Wales state Member for Cabramatta

New Caledonia[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1989Jean-Marie Tjibaou, Kanak independence leader

Samoa[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1999Luagalau Levaula Kamu, cabinet minister

Palau[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
1985Haruo Remeliik, president

West Papua[edit]

DateVictim(s)Assassin(s)Notes
April 26, 1984Arnold Ap, songman and ethnomusicologistShot in back by Indonesian military unit upon release from prison[16]
March 14, 1996Thomas Wainggai, Independence leaderAllegedly poisoned by Indonesian intelligence officers in Cipinang prison.[16]
November 10, 2001Theys Eluay, West Papuan Independence movement leaderAssassinated by Kopassus officers after attending a military dinner, Jayapura, Papua[16]
December 16, 2009Kelly Kwalik, legendary West papuan guerrilla leaderAssassinated by Detachment 88 officers in Timika, West Papua[16]
June 14, 2012Mako Tabuni, Chairman of main civil resistance independence organisation, West Papua National Committee(KNPB)Assassinated by Detachment 88 officers in Jayapura, West Papua[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2004, p156 (World Almanac 2004)
  2. ^ "Chief Political Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1967, p257 (World Almanac 1967)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t World Almanac 2004, p156
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h World Almanac 1967, p257
  5. ^ "Assassinations and Political Murders," 20th Century Timeline (Griesewood & Dempsey, Ltd., 1985) (Crescent Books, 1985) [20th Century Timeline] , p119
  6. ^ 20th Century Timeline, p120
  7. ^ "Historic Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1982 (World Almanac 1982), p750
  8. ^ Cohen, David William (2004). The Risks of Knowledge: Investigations Into the Death of the Hon. Minister John Robert Ouko in Kenya, 1990. Ohio University Press. p. x. ISBN 9780821415986. 
  9. ^ "Nigeria's Boko Haram accused of killing MP Modu Bintube". BBC News. October 17, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Killed the Matabele God: Burnham, the American scout, may end uprising". New York Times. June 25, 1896. ISSN 0093-1179. 
  11. ^ "Veneno para un magnicidio". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  12. ^ "Habla Mayor (R) Carlos Herrera Jimenez, procesado por el Caso Tucapel". Web.archive.org. 2008-01-17. Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  13. ^ a b c World Almanac 1982, p750
  14. ^ Complete Transcript of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassination Conspiracy Trial (from The King Center website)
  15. ^ "Sirhan Sirhan Kept Behind Bars". CBS. 2003-03-06. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  16. ^ a b c d Papua, West (2012-06-18). "Papua’s Fallen Leaders – arena". Arena.org.au. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  17. ^ "7.30". ABC. 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2013-02-18.