List of ancient Greek cities

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This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.

A[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
AbderaThraceAvdira
Abila13 km north-northeast of Irbid, JordanabandonedAbila Dekapoleos, Abila (Greek: Ἄβιλα), Seleucia(Greek: Σελεύκεια), Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia
Abila LysaniouCoele-SyriaabandonedAbila Lysaniae, Abila
AbydosHellespontabandoned
AcanthusEgyptDashourAkanthos (Greek: Ἄκανθος)
AcanthusAthosIerissosErisso
Acharnaenear Acharnes and Ano Liosia, about 10 km north of Athens
Actiummouth of the Ambracian GulfPunta, abandoned
Aegaenorthern Greece, close to modern VerginaabandonedAigai
Aeginaisland in the Saronic Gulf, 17 miles (27 km) from Athens
AegiumAchaea, GreeceAigio (Αίγιο)Egio, Egion
AenusTurkish ThraceEnezPoltyobria, Poltymbria
AgrinionAetolia-Acarnania, 3 km south-west of modern AgrinioabandonedAgrinium
AigosthenaAtticaabandonedEgosthena
AkragasSicilyAgrigentoAgrigentum, Kerkent, Girgenti
AkraiSicilyPalazzolo AcreideAcrae
AkrillaiHyblaean Mountains, south-eastern SicilyChiaramonte GulfiAcrillae, Gulfi
Akroinonwestern TurkeyAfyonkarahisarHapanuwa, Nicopolis, Kara Hissar, Afyon, Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar, Afyon Karahisar
AkrotiriThera/Santorini, Greece
AlaliaCorsicaAlériaAleria, Alaliē (Ἀλαλίη)
Alexándreia (Ἀλεξάνδρεια)northern EgyptAlexandriaal-Iskandariyya, Rakotə, Eskendereyya (اسكندريه)
Alexandrettasouthern Turkeyİskenderunal-'İskandarūn (الإسكندرون)
Alexandria in Arachosiasouthern AfghanistanQandahar
Alexandria in Arianawestern AfghanistanHerat
Alexandria AsianaIran
Alexandria Bucephalousnear Jhelum, Pakistanabandoned
Alexandria of the Caucasusnear modern Bagram, AfghanistanKapisa
Alexandria EschateFergana ValleyKhujandAlexandria the Furthest, Khüjand, Khodzhent, Khudchand, Chodjend, Ispisar, Leninabad, Leninobod
Alexandria on the Indusat the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers, Pakistan, 13 km from modern UchabandonedUch, Uch Sharif, Alexandria at the Head of the Punjab
Alexandria on the Oxusnear Kunduz, northern AfghanistanabandonedAi-Khanoum, Ay Khanum, possibly Eucratidia
Alexandria TroasTroad region of TurkeyAlexandria of the Troad, Sigia, Antigonia Troas,
Alindanear Karpuzlu, Turkeyabandonedpossibly Alexandria by the Latmos
AmarynthosEuboea, Greece
AmaseiaYeşilırmak River, northern TurkeyAmasyaAmáseia (Αμάσεια)
AmbraciaEpirus
Amidabanks of the River Tigris, south-eastern TurkeyDiyarbakırDiyâr-ı Bekr, Amed, Āmîḏ (ܐܡܝܕ)
AmisosBlack Sea coast, TurkeySamsunAmisus, Eis Amison, Samsunta, Samsus, Samson, Samsounta
AmnisosCrete, GreeceAmphicleiaPhocis, Greece
AmphigeneiaPeloponnese, southern Greeceabandoned
AmphipolisThrace, northern GreeceAmfipoli
AmphissaPhocis, GreeceAmfissaSalona
Ankon (Ἀγκών)Adriatic coast of central ItalyAncona
Antigona
Antipatreasouthern AlbaniaBeratBeligrad
Antioch on the Maeandersouth western Turkey, near KuyucakabandonedAntiochia on the Maeander, Antiochia ad Mæandrum, Pythopolis
Antioch, Mygdoniasouth eastern TurkeyNusaybinSoba, Nisibis
Antioch on the Oronteseastern side of the Orontes River, near modern Antakya, TurkeyAntiochia ad Orontem, Great Antioch, Syrian Antioch
Antioch, Pisidia1 km northeast of Yalvaç, Isparta Province, TurkeyAntiochia in Pisidia, Pisidian Antioch (Greek: Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Πισιδίας), Antiochia Caesareia, Antiochia Caesaria, Antiochia in Phrygia
Antiochia ad Taurumnear Gaziantep, TurkeyabandonedAntiochia in the Taurus
AndrosCyclades, approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) south east of Euboea
Apameaon the Orontes River, about 55 km northwest of Hama, SyriaabandonedApameia (Απάμεια), Afamia (أفاميا or آفاميا)
Apameanear the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates, in IraqabandonedApameia (Απάμεια)
ApameaSittacene, Iraq, surrounded by the TigrisabandonedApameia (Απάμεια)
Apameanear Nahavand, IranabandonedApameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Myrleaon the Sea of Marmara, south of Mudanya, TurkeyabandonedApamea Myrleon, Apameia Myrleanos, Brylleion, Myrlea (Μύρλεια), Murleia, Myrleia, Colonia Iulia Concordia, Apamena.
Apamealake formed by the Birecik Dam, Şanlıurfa Province, TurkeyabandonedApameia (Απάμεια)
ApameaPhrygia, TurkeyDinarApameia (Απάμεια), Kibotos (κιβωτός), hê Kibôtos, Cibotus
Apamea RagianaMedia, IranabandonedApamea Rhagiana, Apamea Raphiana, Apameia Rhagiane, Arsace, Khuvar, Choara
AphidnaeAttica, Greece, about 28 km north of AthensAfidnes (Αφιδνές, Αφίδναι)Afidnai
ApolloniaFier region, AlbaniaApolonia
ApolloniaEpirus, north western Greeceabandoned
ApolloniaMygdonia, northern Greeceabandoned
ApolloniaPirgos Apollonias, northern Greece, opposite Thasosabandoned
ApolloniaChalcidice, northern Greeceabandoned
ApolloniaAetolia, north western Greeceabandoned
ApolloniaActe peninsular, northern Greeceabandoned
Apollonianorth coast of Crete, near Cnossusabandoned
Apolloniasouth coast of Creteabandoned
ApolloniaSicilypossibly Pollina
ApolloniaCyrenaica, Libyaabandoned
ApolloniaMysia, western Turkeyabandoned
Apollonia ad RhyndacumMysia, western Turkeyabandoned
Apollonia PonticaBlack Sea coast of BulgariaSozopolAntheia, Apollonia, Apollonia Magna
ArgosPeloponnese, Greece
Arsuf15 km north of Tel Aviv, IsraelabandonedArsur, Apollonia
Artaneson the Danube, north west BulgariaLomAlmus, Lom Palanka
ArtemitaBabylonia, in the district of Apolloniatis (modern Iraq)abandonedἈρτεμίτα
Argyroupolinorthern TurkeyGümüşhane
AsineArgolis, Greecedestroyed
AsineMessenia, Greece
AsineLaconia, southern GreeceSkoutari
AsineCyprusAsinou (Ασίνου)
Asklepiosnorthern TurkeyIskilipIskila, Aesculapius, Andrapa, Andrapolis, Blocium, Bloacium, Neoclaudiopolis, Neopolis, İmad, Iskelib, İskelib, Direklibel
AspendosAntalya, southern Turkeyabandoned
AssusÇanakkale, TurkeyBehramkaleAssos
Astacuswestern TurkeyİzmitNicomedea, Olbia
AthensAttica, GreeceAthena (Αθήνα)
Aytoseastern BulgariaAitosAetos, Ajtos, Astos, Idos, Akvilia

B[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Barissouth western TurkeyIsparta
BhrytosLebanonBeirut
BorysthenesUkrainian Black Sea coastBerezan IslandBerezan'
Bouthroton (Βουθρωτόν)southern AlbaniaabandonedButrint, Bouthrotios (Βουθρώτιος), Buthrotum
BrauronAttica, GreeceabandonedVravrona, Vravronas
ByblosLebanonByblosByblos, Gubla, Gebal, Jbeil
Byllisnear Vlorë, Albaniaabandoned
ByzantiumBosphorus Strait, western TurkeyIstanbulConstantinople, Byzantion
Bythinionwestern TurkeyBoluVithinion (Βιθύνιον), Bithynium, Claudiopolis

C[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
CebreneTroad region of TurkeyKebrene, Kevrin, Alexandria (Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια), Antiochia in Troad (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Τρωάδας)
Chalcedonopposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar)KadıköyChalkedon, Calchedon (Καλχήδων)
CalydonAetolia, Greece
Carystusnear modern Karystos, Euboea, Greece
ChamaiziCrete, Greece[Chamaizi is later Turkish name; ancient name unknown][Hill is known locally as Souvloto Mouri, ancient Minoan site but possibly not a city]
ChalcisEuboea, GreeceChalkida, Halkida, Halkis, Chalkis
Chersonesosnear Sevastopol, CrimeaKorsun, Khersones, Chersonese, Chersonesos, Cherson
ChytriCyprusKythreaChytroi (Χύτροι)
Clazomenaenear İzmir, in TurkeyKilizmanClazomenae (Κλαζομεναί)
Cnidussituated on Datça peninsula, southwestern TurkeyTekirKnidos (Κνίδος)
ColossePhrygia, Asia Minor (modern Turkey)abandonedΚολλοσσαί, Colossae, Chonae, Kona
CorcyraCorfu island, GreeceCorfuΚέρκυρα, Κόρκυρα, Corcyra, Corfu, Corfù, Kérkyra
Corcyra MelaenaKorčula island, Dalmatia (part of modern Croatia)KorčulaΚόρκυρα Μέλαινα, Kórkyra Mélaina, Corcyra Nigra
Corcyra (Mesopotamia)Kirkuk Gοvernorate, Mesopotamia (modern Iraq)KirkukKórkura, Kirkoúk
CorinthIsthmus of Corinth, GreeceKorinth, Acrocorinth, Korinthos, Ephyra
CrotonCalabria, southern ItalyCrotoneCrotona, Cotrone
Cumaenorthwest of NaplesabandonedCuma (Κύμη or Κύμαι)
CymeAeolis, TurkeyNamurtKymi, Phriconis
Cyrenenear Shahhat, Cyrenaica, Libyaabandoned
CytheraIonian Islands, Greece

D[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Decelea (Δεκέλεια)Attica, GreeceDekeleia, Dekelia, Deceleia, Decelia, Tatoi
DelosCyclades, GreeceDhilos (Δήλος)
DelphiMount Parnassus, Greece
DemetriasMagnesia, eastern GreeceDimitrias
DimaleIllyria, AlbaniaDymale
Didymawestern TurkeyDidim
DionMount Olympus, Pieria, northern GreeceDio (Δίο)
DioscuriasBlack Sea coast of Abkhazia, GeorgiaSukhumi
DodonaEpirus, GreeceabandonedDòdònè (Δωδώνη)
Dorylaionnear Eskişehir, TurkeyabandonedDorylaeum
DymeAchaea, Greeceabandoned

E[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
EdessaPella, northern GreeceVoden, Vodine, Vodina, Vudena, Vodena
EdessaMesopotamia, southern TurkeyŞanlıurfaOrrha, Orrhoa, Orhāy, Ourhoï, Urha, Ourha, Er Roha, Ar-Ruha, Orfa, Urfa, Ourfa, Sanli Urfa
ElateiaPhocis, Greece
Eleusis
Eleutherna25 km southeast of Rethymno, CreteApollonia (Ἀπολλωνία)
EmporionCatalonia, SpainEmpúriesPalaiapolis, Neapolis
EphesusIonia, western TurkeyEfes
Epidamnoscoastal AlbaniaDurresEpidamnos (Επίδαμνος), Dyrhacchion (Δυρράχιον), Dyrrachium, Drach, Drač (Драч), Dıraç. Durazzo
EpidaurosArgolis, GreeceEpidavros
EresosLesbos, GreeceSkala Eresou
EretriaEuboea, Greece
ErythraeIonia, western TurkeyErythrai (Ἐρυθραί), Litri
EubeaSicilyLicodia Eubea

G[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
GangraÇankırı, TurkeyÇankırıGermanicopolis (Γερμανικόπολις), Germanopolis (Γερμανόπολις), Changra, Kandari, Kanghari
GazaPalestinian TerritoriesGaza
Gelasouthern Sicily, ItalyGelaTerranova di Sicilia
GolgiCyprusabandonedGolgoi (Γόλγοι)
GonnosLarissa regional unit, GreeceGonnoiGonni (Γόννοι), Gonnus
GorgippiaBlack Sea coast of Krasnodar Krai, RussiaAnapa (Ана́па)Sinda
GourniaCrete, Greece
GortynCretedestroyedGortyna (Γόρτυνα, Γόρτυς, or Γόρτυν)
GythiumLaconia, GreeceGytheioGýtheion (Γύθειον), Gythio, Githio, Yithion

H[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Hagios OnouphriosCrete, Greece
Hagia TriadaCrete, GreeceAyias Triadha
HalicarnassusCaria, TurkeyBodrumHalikarnassós, Alikarnassós (Ἁλικαρνασσός), Halikarnas, Petronium (Πετρώνιον)
HelikeAchaea, Greecesubmerged
HeliopolisLebanonBaalbekHeliopolis, Baalbek, Ἡλιούπολις
HellespontosTurkeyDardanelles
Helorussouth-east coast of SicilyabandonedHeloros, Helorum, Elorus, Ἔλωρος, Ἕλωρος, Eloro
HēmeroskopeionProvince of Alicante, SpainDéniaἩμεροσκοπεῖον, Dianium
Heraclea Perinthuswestern TurkeyMarmara EreğliHeraclea Thraciae, Heraclea (Ἡράκλεια), Heraclea
HeracleaLucania, ItalyabandonedAnglona
Heraclea by Latmusnear Lake Bafa, Muğla Province, TurkeyKapıkırıLatmus, Λάτμος
Heraclea Cybistranear Ereğli, Turkeyabandoned
Heraclea Lyncestissouth-western Republic of MacedoniaBitolaHerakleia Lynkestis
Heraclea Minoanear Montallegro, south coast of SicilyabandonedHêrakleia Minôia, Rhachlôtês, Heracliensis
Heraclea PonticaBithynia, TurkeyKaradeniz Ereğli
Heraclea SinticaPirin Macedonia, Bulgariaabandoned
Heraclea TrachisEuboea, GreeceHeracleaTrachis, Heraclea Trachinia
HeraklionCrete, GreeceIráklion
HermionePeloponnese, GreeceErmioni (Ερμιόνη)
HermonassaTaman peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, RussiaTmutarakan (Тмутаракань)
HierapetraSouthern Crete, Greece
HierapolisPamukkale, western TurkeyabandonedHierapolis (Ἱεράπολις)
Himeranorthern coast of Sicilyabandoned, site subsequently re-settledThermae, Therma, Thermae Himerenses
HistriaBlack Sea coast of RomaniaabandonedIstros (Ιστριη)
Hybla Gereatissouthern slope of Mount Etna, Sicilyabandoned
Hybla HeraeaHyblaean Mountains, south-eastern SicilyRagusaHibla, Heresium, Rogos, Rakkusa
HyeleCampania, ItalyVeliaElea

I[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
IalysosRhodes
IasusCaria, south-west TurkeyabandonedIassus (Iασoς, Iασσoς), Askem, Asýn Kalessi
IdaliumCyprusDaliIdalion (Ιδάλιον)
ImbrosGreek island in northern Aegean SeaGökçeadaİmroz, Imvros (Ίμβρος)
IolcusThessaly, eastern GreeceIolkos (Ιωλκός)
ItanosNorth-eastern CreteErimopolis
Ithacaisland in the Ionian SeaIthaka, Ithaki, (Ιθάκη)

J[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
JuktasCrete, Greece

K[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
KallipolisCaria, south-western Turkey
KallipolisHellespont, north-western TurkeyGeliboluGallipoli
KallipolisApulia, southern ItalyGallipoliCallipolis
KamaresCrete, Greece
KanniaCrete, Greece
Kamarinasouth-eastern coast of SicilyabandonedCamarina, Kamerina
KasmenaiHyblaean Mountains, south-eastern SicilyabandonedCasmene, Kasmene
Kataneeast coast of SicilyCataniaKatánē (Κατάνη), Catăna, Catĭna, Balad-al-Fil, Medinat-al-Fil, Wadi Musa, Qataniyah
KerkinitidaCrimea, UkraineYevpatoriaEupatoria (Євпаторія, Евпатория), Kezlev, Kerkinitis, Gözleve
KepoiTaman Peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russiaabandoned, submergedCepoi (Κήποι, Кепы)
KimmerikonKerch Peninsula, CrimeaabandonedCimmericum Crimea
KiosSea of Marmara, Bithynia, north-western TurkeyabandonedCius-Kios (Kίος, Kείος), Keios, Prusa, Prusias, Prusias ad Mare
KnossosCreteabandonedKnossus, Cnossus (Κνωσός)
Kosisland of the Dodecanese, off BodrumCos (Κως), İstanköy, Coo, Stanchio
KourionCyprusCurium, Curias (Κούριον)
KyreniaCyprusGirne

L[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Lamiacentral GreeceZetounion (Ζητούνιον), Zitouni (Ζητούνι), Zirtounion, Zitonion, Girton, El Cito
LampsacusTroad, TurkeyLapsekiLampsakos (Λάμψακος), Pityusa, Pityussa, Pituousa (Πιτυουσα), Pituoussa (Πιτυουσσα)
Laodicea in SyriaSyrian coastLatakiaLaodicea ad Mare, Latakiyah, Al-Ladhiqiyah, Laodikeia, Laodiceia, Lazkiye, Laodicea ad Mare
Laodicea on the LycusLydia, TurkeydestroyedDiospolis, Rhoas, Claudiolaodicea, Laodicea ad Lycum, Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea in Mediawestern IranNahavandLaodicea in Persis, Antiochia Nahavand, Nahāvand (نهاوند), Nahavend, Nahawand, Nehavand, Nihavand, Nehavend, Mah-Nahavand, Laodicea (Λαοδικεια), Ladhiqiyya, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodicea in Media, Antiochia in Persis, Antiochia of Chosroes (Αντιόχεια του Χοσρόη), Antiochia in Media (Αντιόχεια της Μηδίας), Nemavand, Niphaunda
Laodicea CombustaLycaonia, TurkeyabandonedLaodicea Catacecaumene, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodikeia Katakekaumenê, Claudiolaodicea
Laodicea ad LibanumCoele-SyriaabandonedLaodiceia, Laodikeia, Cabrosa, Scabrosa, Cabiosa Laodiceia
LaodiceaArcadia, GreeceLaodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea PonticaPontus, north-eastern TurkeyLaodiceia and Laodikeia
LaodiceaMesopotamia, IraqlostLaodikeia, Laodiceia
Laodicea in PhoeniciaLebanonBeirutLaodicea in Canaan, Berytus
LapithosCyprusLapta
LarissaThessaly, GreeceYenişehr-i Fenar, Lárisa
LatoCrete, Greece
LaüsLucania, southern ItalyabandonedLaus, Laos (Λᾶος)
LebenaCrete, Greece
LeibethraMacedonia, Greece
Lefkadaisland in the Ionian Sea
Leontinisoutheastern SicilyLentiniLintini, Leontinoi, Leontini and Leontium
LepreumElis, GreeceabandonedLepreon, Lepreus
LindusRhodesLindos
Lissusnorthwest AlbaniaLezhëLezha, Lyssòs (Λυσσος), Alessio, Leş, Lissos
Epizephyrian LocrisCalabria, southern ItalydestroyedLocri

M[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Magnesia on the MaeanderIonia, western Turkey, on the Maeander riverabandonedMagnesia ad Maeandrum
Magnesia ad SipylumLydia, western TurkeyManisaMagnesia on the Sipylum
MalliaCrete, Greece
MantineiaArcadia, GreeceabandonedMantinea, Antigonia (Αντιγόνεια)
MarathonAttica, GreeceMarathónas (Μαραθώνας), Marathōn (Μαραθών)
Massaliasouthern FranceMarseillesMassilia
MegalopolisArcadia, GreeceSinanou (Σινάνο)
MegaraAttica, Greece
Megara Hyblaeanear Augusta, eastern Sicilydestroyed
MesembriaBlack Sea coast of BulgariaNesebarMenebria, Mesimvria (Μεσήμβρια), Mesimvria
Messenesouthern Greece
MetapontumLucania, southern ItalyabandonedMetapontium (Μεταπόντιον)
MethoneMessenia, southern GreeceMothoni (Μοθώνη), Modon
MethymnaLesbos, in the Aegean SeaMithymna (Μήθυμνα), Molyvos, Molivos
Miletuswestern TurkeyabandonedMilētos (Μίλητος)
MochlosCrete, Greece
MonastirakiCrete, GreeceMinoan city
Morgantinacentral SicilyabandonedMurgantia, Morgantium, Μοργάντιον, Μοργαντίνη, Murgentia, Morgentia
MylasaCaria, south-western TurkeyMilas
MyndusCaria, western TurkeyGümüşlükMyndos (Μύνδος)
MyoniaPhocis, GreeceAgia EfthymiaMyania, Mynia
MyraLycia, TurkeyDemreKale
MyrmekionCrimea, UkraineabandonedMyrmēkion (Μυρμηκιων, Мирмекий)
MytileneLesbos, in the Aegean Sea

N[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
NaucratisNile Delta, EgyptNaukratis (Ναύκρατις)
NaupactusAetolia-Acarnania, GreeceNafpaktos (Ναύπακτος, Έπαχτος), Naupactos, İnebahtı, Lepanto
NaxosCreteabandoned
NaxosSicilyGiardini NaxosGiaddini
Neapolinorthern GreeceKavalaChristoupolis, Morunets
NeapolisPallene, Chalcidice, GreecePolychronoPolyhrono, Polichrono, Polihrono (Πολύχρονο), Polyhronon, Polihronon
NeapolisSardinia, ItalyabandonedNabui
NeapolisApulia, ItalyPolignano a Mare
NeapolisCampania, ItalyNaplesNapoli, Napule
NicaeaBithynia, north-western TurkeyIznikAncore, Helicore, Antigoneia (Αντιγόνεια), Nikaia, Nicæa
Nicaeasouthern FranceNiceNiça, Nissa, Nizza, Nizza Marittima
NicopolisEpirus, GreeceabandonedActia Nicopolis, Palaia Preveza
Nirou ChaniCrete, GreeceMinoan city
NymphaionCrimea, UkraineNymphaeum
Nysawestern Turkeyabandoned

O[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Oenoenorthern TurkeyÜnyeOene
OenoeArgolis, GreeceOene
OenoeAttica, GreeceOene
OenusLaconia, Greece
Odessoscoastal UkraineOdessaKhadjibey, Khadjibei, Khacdjibei, Hacıbey, Hocabey, Gadzhibei, Chadžibėjus, Hacıbey
Odessoscoastal BulgariaVarna
OlbiaSardiniaCivita, Terranova Pausania
OlbiaUkrainian Black Sea coastabandonedPontic Olbia, Olvia
Olousnear Elounda, CretedrownedOlus (Ὄλους, Ὄλουλις)
OlympiaElis, GreeceabandonedOlympí'a (Ολυμπία), Olýmpia (Ολύμπια), Olimpia, Olimbia
OlynthusChalcidice, northern Greecedestroyed
OricosEpirus, near Vlorë, Albaniaabandoned
OrestiasTurkish Thraceabandoned
Oreusnorthern Euboea
OropusAttica, GreeceOropos (Ωρωπός)
OnchesmosEpirus, southern AlbaniaSarandëAnchiasmos, Άγιοι Σαράντα, Agioi Saranda, Turkish: Aya Sarandi

P[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
PagasaeMagnesia, central GreecePlatanos[disambiguation needed], central Greece
PalaikastroCrete, GreeceMinoan city
PandosiaEpirus, Greeceabandoned
PandosiaBruttium, Italyabandoned
PandosiaLucania, Italyabandoned
PanticapaeumTaurica, eastern Crimea, UkraineKerchΠαντικάπαιον
ParosGreek island in Aegean Sea
PatraeAchaea, GreecePatraiPátra (Πάτρα) Patrae
PavlopetriLaconia, Greecesubmerged
Pelion (Chaonia)Chaonia, Epirus?Pelion Pellion Pelium (Πέλλιον)
PeiraieúsAttica, GreecePiraeusPeiraiás, Peiraieús (Πειραιεύς)
PellaMacedon, Greeceabandoned
PergamumMysia, TurkeyBergamaPergamon (Πέργαμος)
PetsofaCrete, GreeceMinoan city
PhálēronAttica, GreecePalaio FaliroPhaleron, Phalerum
PhanagoriaCimmerian Bosporus, UkraineabandonedMatrega
Pharae
Pharnacianorthern TurkeyGiresun
PharosCroatian islandHvarHvor, For, Pharina, Lesina
PhaselisLycia, Turkeyabandoned
Philippopolissouthern BulgariaPlovdivPulpudeva(reconstructed Thracian,uncertain), Eumolpias, Philippoupoli, Philippoupolis (Φιλιππούπολη, Φιλιππούπολις), Trimontium, Paldin (Пълдин). Plavdiv (Плъвдив), Filibe
PlatanosCrete, GreeceMinoan city
PhliusArgolid, Greeceabandoned
PheraeThessaly, Greeceabandoned
Phocaeawestern TurkeyFoçaPhokaia (Φώκαια)
PinaraLycia, TurkeyabandonedPilleñni (τὰ Πίναρα)
PisaElis, Greece
PitiuntAbkhazia, Black Sea coastPitsundaBichvinta, Pezonda
PixousCampania, ItalyPolicastro BussentinoPixunte
PlataeaBoeotia, GreecedestroyedPlataeae
PoseidoniaCampania, ItalyPaestumPaestum
PotidaeaChalcidice, GreecedestroyedPotidaia (Ποτίδαια), Potidea
PrieneIonia, western Turkeyabandoned
Prousanorth-western TurkeyBursaPrussa (Προύσα), Brusa
PseiraCrete, GreeceMinoan city
PsychroCrete, GreeceMinoan city
PteleumThessaly, Greecedestroyed
PydnaMacedonlocation disputedPúdna (Πύδνα), Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon
Pyloswestern Peloponnese, GreecePílos (Πύλος), Navarino, Avarino (Αβαρίνος), Zonklon, Anavarin, Neokastron, Avarmus, Abarinus, Albarinos, Albaxinus, Avarinos, Coryphasium, Iverin, Nelea, Port de Jonc, Porto Giunco, Zunchio.
PyrgosBlack Sea coast of BulgariaBurgas
PyrgosNorthern Crete, GreeceMinoan city

R[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Rhamnusnorthern Attica, GreeceabandonedRhamnous
Rhegion (Ρήγιoν)"toe of Italy", Calabria, southern ItalyReggio CalabriaErythrà (Ερυθρά), Rhegium Julium
RhithymnaNorthern Crete, GreeceRethymno
RhodesRhodes, GreeceRódos (Ρόδος),
Rhypes, (Ῥύπες)Achaia, Greecedestroyed
RiziniaCreteabandonedPrinias, Rize, Rhizenia

S[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
SalamisCyprusabandoned
Same (Σάμη)island in the Ionian Sea, Greece
Selinussouth-west coast of Sicily, Italyabandoned-Marinella di SelinunteSelinunte
Seleucia Pieria (Σελεύκεια Πιερία)south-eastern TurkeyÇevlik[1]Seleukia Pieria, Seleukia
SemasusPaphlagonia, northern TurkeyAmasraCromna, Amastris
SestosThracian Chersonese, TurkeySestus
Seuthopolisnear Kazanlak, central Bulgariaabandoned, now drowned in the Koprinka Reservoir
Scidrus (Σκίδρος)Lucania, Italylocation uncertain
Sicyon (Σικυών)northern Peloponnese, Greeceabandoned
SidePamphylia, TurkeyabandonedEski Adalia, Old Antalya
SidonLebanonSidonΣιδών, Sidon, Saïda
SiteiaCrete, Greece
Sinope (Σινώπη)Paphlagonia, northern TurkeySinop
SklavokamposCrete, Greece
Smyrnanear Izmir, western TurkeyabandonedOld Smyrna
SoliCyprusabandonedSoloi
SozopolisPisidia, TurkeyabandonedApollonia
Spartasouthern part of the Peloponnese, GreeceSpartiLakedaimon (Λακεδαίμων), Lakedaimonia (Λακεδαιμωνία), Σπάρτα, Σπάρτη, Spartē.
StagirusChalcidice, GreeceabandonedStageira (Στάγειρα), Stagira (Στάγιρα), Stagiros (Στάγιρος), Stageiros (Στάγειρος)
Stenimahoscentral BulgariaAsenovgradStenímachos (Στενήμαχος)
StymphalosCorinthia, GreeceStymfalia
Sybarisnear Sibari, Gulf of Taranto, Italydestroyed
Syracuseeast-coast of Sicily, ItalySyracuseSiracusai, Aretusa.

T[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Taras (Τάρᾱς)southern ItalyTarantoTarentum, Tarantas (Τάραντας)
TanagraBoeotia, GreeceGraea, Poimandria
Tanaisnorth-eastern Sea of Azov, RussiaabandonedTánaïs (Τάναϊς)
Tauromenion (Ταυρομένιον)east coast of SicilyTaorminaTaurmina, Tauromenium
TegeaArcadia, GreeceAlea
TenedosTurkish island in northern Aegean SeaBozcaadaBozca ada, Tenedhos (Τένεδος)
Teos (Τέως)Ionia, western TurkeyabandonedTeo
Thassos, ΘάσοςMacedonia (Greece)-Thrace, GreeceThassos, GreeceLimenas, Λιμένας
Thebes, Greece
 [Boeotia,Greece]] 
Thēbai (Θῆβαι), Thiva (Θήβα)
Theodosia (Θεοδοσία)Crimea, UkraineFeodosiya (Феодосія, Феодосия)Kefe, Feodosia
ThermaMygdonia, GreeceTherme (Θέρμα, Θέρμη)
ThespiaeBoeotia, GreeceabandonedThespiai (Θεσπιαι)
ThronionEpirus, GreeceabandonedThronium
Thoricussouthern Attica, GreeceabandonedThorico
Thurii (Θούριοι)Magna Graecia, southern ItalyabandonedThurium (Θούριον), Copia, Copiae, Turios, Thurio Magna Graecia
Thyreum
Thyria
TomisBlack Sea coast of RomaniaConstanţaKonstantia, Köstence
TragurionVis, CroatiaTrogirTraù, Tragurium, Trau
TrapezeCrete, Greece
Trapezus, ArcadiaBlack Sea coast of north-eastern TurkeyTrabzonTrapezounta (Τραπεζούντα)
Tripolis (Τρίπολις)LebanonTripoli
Tripolis (Τρίπολις)LibyaTripolis
Tripolis (Τρίπολις)Pontus, north-eastern TurkeyTireboluIschopolis
Tripolis (Τρίπολις)Thessaly, GreeceTripolis Larisaia
Tripolis (Τρίπολις)PhrygiaabandonedNeapolis, Apollonia, Antoninopolis
Troezen (Τροιζήν)northeastern Peloponnese, GreeceTroizina, Trizina
TroyDardanelles, north-eastern TurkeyTruvaTroia (Τροία), Ilion (Ἴλιον), Īlium, Wilusa, Truwisa, Hisarlık
TylissosCrete, Greece
TyrasUkrainian Black Sea coastBilhorod-Dnistrovskyi[2]
TyrosLebanonTyreΤύρος, Tyre, Sur
Tyritake (Τυριτάκη)Crimea, Cimmerian Bosporusabandoned

V[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
VasilikiMinoan city in Crete, Greece
VathypetrosMinoan city in Crete, Greece

Z[edit]

Ancient nameLocationModern nameAlso known as
Zacynthusisland in the Ionian Sea, GreeceZakynthosZante
ZakrosCrete, GreeceMinoan cityZakro
ZancleStrait of Messina, Sicily, ItalyMessinaMessene, Messana

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seleucia in Pieria, Ancient Warfare Magazine
  2. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 15.