1973 For Want of a Nail by Robert N. Sobel, the American Revolution failed and the British colonies become the Confederation of North America (CNA), while the defeated rebels go into exile in Spanish Tejas, eventually founding the United States of Mexico (USM).
1975 Hitler has Won by Frederic Mullally, alternate 1942. Japan struck north rather than south, Russia fell, Germany is unassailable in Europe. A plot to defeat the Roman Catholic church and install Hitler as the new Pope.
1985 The Proteus Operation by James P. Hogan, a group of military commandos, diplomats, and scientists travel back to 1939. They try to prevent the Axis Powers from winning World War II.
1986 Watchmen by Alan Moore, is set in an alternate United States that not only has costumed adventurers but also contains other alternate history elements including an American "victory" in the Vietnam War and Richard Nixon serving five terms as president.
1992 Konpeki no Kantai by Yoshio Aramaki. In an alternative World War II that lasts ten years, Japan becomes a stronger naval power thanks to Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto who appears several years in the past despite dying in the actual World War II. Later adapted into two OVA series, in which at first Japan defeats the Western Allies in the Pacific but eventually teams up with them to fight Nazi Germany.
1993 Elvissey by Jack Womack, a dystopian 2033 where a Machiavellian multinational corporation has plans for world domination.
1994 Disaster At D-Day by Peter Tsouras. Erwin Rommel stays in France and organizes a much tougher defense of the Normandy coast against the Allied invasion using theater reserves ordered deployed by Adolf Hitler. The success of the German counterattack, plus additional factors such as bad weather and heavy damage to Allied logistics, forces the Allies to agree to an armistice with the Germans. The plot continues in the story "Rommel versus Zhukov," Tsouras' contribution to the 2002 anthology Third Reich Victorious.
1995 Dead, Mr. Mozart by Bernard Bastable, Wolfgang Mozart settled in England as a young man and never returned to his native Austria. As a respected but fairly impoverished composer and piano teacher in the 1820s (30 years after his death in our timeline), he is unwillingly pulled into a scandalous intrigue involving close relatives of King George IV. Later followed by a sequel, Too Many Notes, Mr. Mozart.
2000 Fox on the Rhine by Douglas Niles and Michael Dobson, Heinrich Himmler takes over as leader after Hitler is assassinated in 1944 and arranges a cease-fire with the Soviet Union to free German forces. He then appoints Erwin Rommel to command over the German forces in Western Europe.
Fox at the Front (2003) - Taking place immediately after Fox on the Rhine, Rommel and George Patton work together to get the Allies to Berlin ahead of the Soviets.
2001 The Children's War by J.N. Stroyar, in World War II Germany does not attack the Soviet Union and develops a nuclear weapons program.
A Change of Regime (2004)
2001 The Haunting of Alaizabel Cray by Chris Wooding, Victorian London is overrun by the wych-kin, demonic creatures that have rendered the city uninhabitable south of the river, and which stalk the streets after dark.
2002 Ice by Shane Johnson, the Apollo 19 mission suffers a major system failure, forcing its crew to strike out on their own.
2002 The Peshawar Lancers by S. M. Stirling, in 1878 a meteor shower devastates Europe and North America forcing the European empires to relocate their population to their colonies.
2003 Collaborator by Murray Davies, set in a Nazi occupied Great Britain centering around a former POW and life in occupied Britain.
2003 Conquistador by S.M. Stirling, an inter-dimensional gateway is discovered in California, which gives access to an alternate Earth in which the empire of Alexander the Great flourishes, and where Europeans never discovered America.
2009 The Infinities by John Banville, In one of an infinite number of universes, Mary, Queen of Scots, executed her cousin Elizabeth, England is a Catholic nation, Sweden is bellicose, Wallace's Theory of Evolution has been discredited, and cold fusion is the principal source of energy.
2009 The Age of Ra by James Lovegrove envisions a world where the Ancient Egyptian gods have defeated all other Pantheons and now rule over the world.
2010 Red Inferno: 1945 by Robert Conroy, the Allied advance on Berlin causes a paranoid Stalin to attack the American troops, forcing the Allies and a semi-rehabilitated Germany to work together to fight off the Soviet threat.
2011 11/22/63 by Stephen King, the protagonist stops the Kennedy assassination, and upon returning to 2011 learns that Kennedy won a second term, but later history saw the US drop a nuclear bomb on Hanoi, India and Pakistan go to nuclear war with each other, Maine leaves the US and joins Canada, Miami is hit with a nuclear bomb, martial law was imposed, and President Hillary Clinton is trying to hold the nation together. Meanwhile, as a result of history being changed, time-space is fraying and the world is physically tearing itself apart.
2012 The Mirage by Matt Ruff, Christian fundamentalists hijack airplanes and fly them into buildings in Iraq and Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab States declares a War on Terror and invades the U.S.
2012 Rising Sun by Robert Conroy, imagines that the Battle of Midway is a defeat for the U.S. Navy, paving the way for Japan to attack the West Coast of the United States.
2012 Pact Ribbentrop - Beck by Piotr Zychowicz, Hitler makes a pact with Poland, so after conquering West Europe, Poles join him in 1941 attack on Soviet Union and defeat it together, dividing its territory.
2014 Artam: One Reich, One Race, a Tenth Leader by Volkmar Weiss, the first Leader was killed in a plane crash in November 1941, the Reich did not declare war on the United States.
TimeRiders series by Alex Scarrow, three people who have been rescued moments before death are recruited into a secret agency in order to prevent time travel from unraveling history.
Axis of Time series by John Birmingham, an American-led UN Multinational Force arrives uptime from 2021 via a wormhole that was accidentally generated as a byproduct of a scientific experiment to the year 1942.
The Belisarius series by David Drake and Eric Flint, opposing factions from the future influence early times through intermediaries for their own purposes: the 'good' side operating through the Byzantine general Belisarius and the 'evil' side operating through the Indian state of Malwa.
Operation Otherworld by Poul Anderson, the existence of God has been scientifically proven and magic has been harnessed for the practical needs of the adept by the degaussing of cold iron, while the United States is part of an alternate Second World War against the IslamicKhalifate, which has invaded the United States.
Worldwar & Colonization Series by Harry Turtledove, aliens with a feudal caste system and 1990s style technology calling themselves the "Race" invade Earth in the middle of World War II, forcing the Allied and Axis Forces to put aside their differences and battle this new threat.
1987 The Forest of Time by Michael Flynn, the Thirteen Colonies, after getting independent of Britain, did not succeed in creating the United States but developed into separate and mutually hostile nation-states which often fight bitter wars with each other.
2007 DUST by Paolo Parente. World War II begins in 1939 like in real-life, but continues well into 1947 with three factions vying for global domination: the Allies (United States, Britain, and the French Empire), the Axis (Nazi Germany [after Adolf Hitler's assassination in 1943], Italy, and Japan) and the Sino-Soviet Union (the USSR and Communist China). A UFO crash in Antarctica the same year the war begins results in the discovery of a new mineral called VK, which helps bolster the development of advanced mechanoid vehicles.
2008 Gear Krieg. Technological developments during the 1920s (including J. Walter Christie's invention of a bipedal mecha system) leads to a World War II where all major powers are equipped with more advanced military equipment than in reality.
1982-1989 V for Vendetta by Alan Moore and illustrated by David Lloyd, set in an alternate United Kingdom where a fascist dictatorship rules and a masked vigilante leaders a revolution.
1989 Baker Street by Gary Reed and Guy Davis, it features an alternative Sherlock Holmes world where the values and class system of Victorian era England carried over into a late 20th Century where World War II never occurred.
2003 Arrowsmith by Kurt Busiek, the United States is actually the United States of Columbia, magic is real, and the First World War is fought with and by dragons, spells, vampires and all other kinds of magical weapons and beings.
2003 Shin Konpeki no Kantai (New Deep Blue Fleet) by Yoshio Aramaki. A manga sequel set three years after Konpeki no Kantai, the series depicts World War III between a new republican Japan facing Nazi Germany in a final battle for the fate of the world.
2003 Marvel: 1602 and its sequels set Marvel Comics' heroes and villains in the early 17th century due to an alternate Captain America of an alternate dystopian future was transported to the past that alter the time scape, which includes surviving dinosaurs that lives mostly in America.
2004 Ex Machina by Brian K. Vaughan, is set in a world in which a superhero called the Great Machine becomes mayor of New York after intervening in the September 11 attacks — managing to save only the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
2006 Roswell, Texas by L. Neil Smith and Rex F. May, Davy Crockett survived the Alamo and Santa Anna didn't, and in which an expanded Texas eventually became the "Federated States of Texas" rather than one of the United States.
2009 Storming Paradise, by Chuck Dixon, the first detonation of the atomic bomb at Trinity was exploded prematurely, killing prominent nuclear physicists such as Robert Oppenheimer. This forces the loss of reproducing the atomic bomb and having President Truman to initiate the bloody Allied invasion of Japan in Operation Downfall.
1998 Six-String Samurai, Russia launched several nuclear warheads at the U.S. in 1957, reducing most of the United States to an inhospitable desert.
1998 World War III, Gorbachev was overthrown in early October 1989 (with hard-line Communists still firmly in control of almost all of their satellite states), Soviet and East German troops opened fire on demonstrators in Berlin and Leipzig, and the new Soviet regime precipitated a third World War.
1966-2005 Star Trek has used the theme several times. Examples include: TOS- The City on the Edge of Forever (alternate World War II outcome); Animated Series- "Yesteryear"; NG- "Yesterday's Enterprise". Enterprise- "Storm Front" where Nazis seized East Coast of America. Also, the universe of "Mirror, Mirror", while in the original episode was just implied to be a parallel universe, was in later episodes shown to be an alternate history.
1978 An Englishman's Castle. A 3-part BBC mini-series focusing on television writer Peter Ingram, who lives in a present-day Britain in which Nazi Germany won World War II.
1983. Blackadder. Upon the death of Richard III in 1485 and the murder of Henry VII before the Battle of Bosworth Field by Edmund Blackadder, Richard IV is crowned king of England.
1987 Amerika was an ABC TV miniseries about life in the United States after a bloodless takeover engineered by the Soviet Union.
1995-2000 Sliders. A gang of scientists, a musician and others as travellers who "slide" between parallel worlds by use of a wormhole referred to as an "Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky bridge". First episode was Soviet-ruled America after Soviets seized Americas. Other episodes were many alternate Earths as British America, Ancient Egyptian-ruled America, Spanish America, Druids-controlling America, Atomic Bomb never exist, and others.
2004-2005 Zipang. A Japanese warship is sent back in time to World War II, altering much of the situation at Midway, but also alters the loss of USS Wasp (CV-7), in which she is destroyed by a Tomahawk missile instead of being lost to a submarine.
2006-2008 Heroes. The character Peter Petrelli travels through time to attempt to alter future and past events and outcomes. Starting with the attempted assassination of his brother Nathan Petrelli because of his belief that Nathan will cause unwanted future results by his disclosure of his knowledge of super human powers and abilities.
2006 Code Geass. Britannia, the descendant of what was once Britain, is the primary world power and conquers Japan through the use of mecha called knightmares; an exiled Britannian prince leads the Japanese resistance against them.
2009 Family Guy. In the episode Road to the Multiverse, one of the universes Brian and Stewie visit has the United States not dropping the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, as well as a timeline in which the present-day is in the middle of an ice age.
2011 Family Guy. In the episode Back to the Pilot, Brian warns his past self about a 9/11, enabling him to stop them from happening. The cause George W. Bush loses the 2004 Election to Al Gore and convinces Texas and the other Southern States to secede, causing a Second American Civil War and nuclear holocaust few years later.
2006 Picasso's Closet by Ariel Dorfman. An alternate history of Picasso's life (and possibly death) in Paris during World War II.
2007 Universal Robots by Mac Rogers. Robots take over Czechoslovakia and eventually the world just before World War II in a thought-provoking script that raises questions about the future of humanity and science.
1997 Fallout (series), a series of role playing video games set in a post-apocalyptic United States where the world's timeline diverges after World War II, in which the cultural basis and technological aspects of the 1950s and the "World of Tomorrow" remains a part of everyday life.
2006 Resistance: Fall of Man, set in 1951 Britain as human resistance forces attempt to drive out an alien species of unconfirmed origin called the Chimera.
2007 War Front: Turning Point, set in an alternate version of World War II in which Adolf Hitler died during the early days of the war, and a more effective leadership arose to command Germany during the conflict.
2007 World in Conflict, set in 1989 during the social, political, and economic collapse of the Soviet Union. However, the Soviet Union pursued a course of war to remain in power.
2008 Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3, set in the time where Soviets successfully eliminated Albert Einstein, turning the war on the Soviet favors, but also the rise of the Empire of the Rising Sun, Japanese armies that will almost crush both Allies and Soviets.