List of alloys

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This is a list of named alloys that are grouped alphabetically by base metal. Within these headings, the alloys are also grouped alphabetically. Some of the main alloying elements are optionally listed after the alloy names.

Alloys of aluminium[edit]

Aluminium also forms complex metallic alloys, like β–Al–Mg, ξ'–Al–Pd–Mn, T–Al3Mn

Alloys of bismuth[edit]

Alloys of chromium[edit]

Alloys of cobalt[edit]

Alloys of copper[edit]

Alloys of gallium[edit]

Alloys of gold[edit]

See also notes below.[note 1]

Alloys of indium[edit]

Alloys of iron[edit]

Alloys of lead[edit]

Alloys of magnesium[edit]

Alloys of mercury[edit]

Alloys of nickel[edit]

Alloys of potassium[edit]

Alloys of plutonium[edit]

Rare earth alloys[edit]

Alloys of rhodium[edit]

Alloys of scandium[edit]

Alloys of silver[edit]

Alloys of sodium[edit]

Alloys of titanium[edit]

Alloys of tin[edit]

Alloys of uranium[edit]

Alloys of zinc[edit]

Alloys of zirconium[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hunter, Christel (2006). Aluminum Building Wire Installation and Terminations, IAEI News, January-February 2006. Richardson, TX: International Association of Electrical Inspectors.


  1. ^ The purity of alloys of gold is expressed in karats, (UK: carats) which indicates the ratio of the minimum amount of gold (by mass) over 24 parts total. 24 karat gold is fine gold (24/24 parts), and the engineering standard is that it be applied to alloys that have been refined to 99.9% or better purity ("3 nines fine"). There are, however, places in the world that allow the claim of 24kt. to alloys with as little as 99.0% gold ("2 nines fine" or "point nine-nine fine). An alloy which is 14 parts gold to 10 parts alloy is 14 karat gold, 18 parts gold to 6 parts alloy is 18 karat, etc. This is becoming more commonly and accurately expressed as the result of the ratio, i.e.: 14/24 equals .585 (rounded off), and 18/24 is .750 ("seven-fifty fine"). There are hundreds of possible alloys and mixtures possible, but in general the addition of silver will color gold green, and the addition of copper will color it red. A mix of around 50/50 copper and silver gives the range of yellow gold alloys the public is accustomed to seeing in the marketplace.