List of active volcanoes in the Philippines

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Active volcanoes in the Philippines, as categorized by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), include volcanoes in the country having erupted within historical times (within the last 600 years), with accounts of these eruptions documented by man; or having erupted within the last 10,000 years (holocene) based on analyses of datable materials. However, there is no consensus among volcanologists on how to define an "active" volcano. As of 2012, PHIVOLCS lists 23 volcanoes as active in the Philippines, 21 of which have historical eruptions and two strongly fumarolic volcanoes - Cabalian and Leonard Kniaseff.[1][not in citation given]; the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program categories 20 Philippine volcanoes as "historical" and 59 as "holocene".[2]

The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP) list volcanoes with historical, Holocene eruptions, or possibly older if strong signs of volcanism are still evident through thermal features like fumaroles, hot springs, mud pots, etc.[3] GVP currently lists 50 Philippines volcanoes.[2] The eruptions from the table below were based more on GVP which gives a more detailed eruption history for a particular mountain. The frequency of Historical Eruptions are based on definite historical eruptions and excludes questionable or Uncertain accounts based on the two sources mentioned.

The list below shows 25 active volcanoes in the Philippines was based more on the PHIVOLCS list with some included from the GVP list. The number is not a definite number and could depend on someone's definition of "active" or historical timeframe. Also, volcanoes listed as inactive or potentially active could renew activity after long periods of dormancy such as Mount Pinatubo in 1991.

Active volcanoes in the Philippines[edit]

VolcanoCoordinatesElevation (m)Province/sHistorical EruptionsEruption Description and Current Status
Ambalatungan Group17°18′40″N 121°06′13″E / 17.310982°N 121.103668°E / 17.310982; 121.103668 (Ambalatungan Group)70032329000000000002,329 metres (7,641 ft)Kalinga0Explosions in 1952 is uncertain.[4] Fumarolic with solfataras and thermal springs.
Babuyan Claro9°31′23″N 121°56′24″E / 9.523°N 121.940°E / 9.523; 121.940 (Babuyan Claro)70031080000000000001,080 metres (3,540 ft)Cagayan3Eruptions were recorded in 1831, 1860 and 1913. Askedna Hot Springs is located in the southern base of the volcano.
Banahaw14°04′N 121°29′E / 14.07°N 121.48°E / 14.07; 121.48 (Banahaw)70032158000000000002,158 metres (7,080 ft)Quezon0Eruptions were uncertain during the mudflows of 1730, 1743, 1843 and 1909.[5]
Biliran11°33′29″N 124°30′47″E / 11.558°N 124.513°E / 11.558; 124.513 (Biliran)70031301000000000001,301 metres (4,268 ft)Biliran1Phreatic eruption in 1939. Fumarolic with thermal springs
Bulusan12°46′12″N 124°03′00″E / 12.770°N 124.05°E / 12.770; 124.05 (Bulusan)70031565000000000001,565 metres (5,135 ft)Sorsogon17Eruptions years are from 1886 to 2011. Permanently monitored
Cagua18°13′19″N 122°07′23″E / 18.222°N 122.123°E / 18.222; 122.123 (Cagua)70031133000000000001,133 metres (3,717 ft)Cagayan1Eruption in 1860 and strong solfataric activity in 1907. Thermal areas are located near the summit and NW to NNE flanks.
Camiguin de Babuyanes18°49′48″N 121°51′36″E / 18.83°N 121.860°E / 18.83; 121.860 (Camiguin de Babuyanes)7002712000000000000712 metres (2,336 ft)Cagayan1Its only recorded eruption was in 1857. Fumarolic with thermal springs
Didicas19°04′37″N 122°12′07″E / 19.077°N 122.202°E / 19.077; 122.202 (Didicas)7002244000000000000244 metres (801 ft)Cagayan6Eruptions in 1773, 1856, 1900, 1952, 1969 and 1978. A submarine volcano till 1952 when a permanent island was formed.[6]
Hibok-Hibok9°12′11″N 124°40′23″E / 9.203°N 124.673°E / 9.203; 124.673 (Hibok-Hibok)70031552000000000001,552 metres (5,092 ft)Camiguin5Eruption in years 1827, 1862, 1871 and 1948–1952. Activity from 1897-1902 was only solfataric. Permanently monitored.
Iraya20°28′08″N 122°00′36″E / 20.469°N 122.010°E / 20.469; 122.010 (Iraya)70031009000000000001,009 metres (3,310 ft)Batanes1Last eruption was in 1454. Seismic swarm in 1998.
Iriga13°27′25″N 123°27′25″E / 13.457°N 123.457°E / 13.457; 123.457 (Iriga)70031196000000000001,196 metres (3,924 ft)Camarines Sur0The eruption in 1628 was discredited.[7]
Jolo Group6°00′47″N 121°03′25″E / 6.013°N 121.057°E / 6.013; 121.057 (Jolo Group)7002811000000000000811 metres (2,661 ft)Sulu0Uncertain submarine eruption in 1897. Listed as Bud Dajo, a cinder cone on Jolo Island, in the PHIVOLCS list.
Kanlaon10°24′43″N 123°07′55″E / 10.412°N 123.132°E / 10.412; 123.132 (Kanla-on)70032435000000000002,435 metres (7,989 ft)Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental26Eruptions were recorded from 1886 to 2006. Permanently monitored.
Leonard Kniaseff7°22′55″N 126°02′49″E / 7.382°N 126.047°E / 7.382; 126.047 (Leonard Kniaseff)70031190000000000001,190 metres (3,900 ft)Compostela Valley0Last eruption was dated as c.120 AD.[8] Strong thermal features.
Makaturing7°38′49″N 124°19′12″E / 7.647°N 124.32°E / 7.647; 124.32 (Makaturing)70031940000000000001,940 metres (6,360 ft)Lanao del Sur2Eruption recorded in 1865 and 1882. The 1856 and 1858 eruptions was credited to Ragang[9][10]
Matutum6°22′N 125°04′E / 6.37°N 125.07°E / 6.37; 125.07 (Matutum)70032286000000000002,286 metres (7,500 ft)South Cotabato0Mountain was fumarolic on March 7, 1911, but if an eruption occurred was uncertain. Thermal springs in Akmoan and Linan.[11][12]
Mayon13°15′25″N 123°41′06″E / 13.257°N 123.685°E / 13.257; 123.685 (Mayon)70032462000000000002,462 metres (8,077 ft)Albay50Eruptions were recorded from 1616 to 2013. Permanently monitored. Volcanic activity is identified up to present. Alert Level 2 was raised.
Musuan7°52′37″N 125°04′05″E / 7.877°N 125.068°E / 7.877; 125.068 (Musuan)7002646000000000000646 metres (2,119 ft)Bukidnon2Eruptions in 1866 & 1867. Strong seismic swarm in 1976.
Parker6°06′47″N 124°53′31″E / 6.113°N 124.892°E / 6.113; 124.892 (Mount Parker)70031824000000000001,824 metres (5,984 ft)South Cotabato1A caldera-forming eruption occurred on January 4, 1641.
Pinatubo15°08′N 120°21′E / 15.13°N 120.35°E / 15.13; 120.35 (Pinatubo)70031486000000000001,486 metres (4,875 ft)Zambales, Tarlac, Pampanga3Reawakened in 1991 producing the 2nd largest eruption in the 20th century. Followed by milder eruptions in 1992 and 1993.
Ragang7°42′N 124°30′E / 7.70°N 124.50°E / 7.70; 124.50 (Ragang)70032815000000000002,815 metres (9,236 ft)Lanao del Sur, Cotabato7Eruption years are from 1765 to 1873. Eruptions were uncertain in 1915 and 1916.
San Pablo Volcanic Field14°07′N 121°18′E / 14.12°N 121.30°E / 14.12; 121.30 (San Pablo Volcanic Field)70031090000000000001,090 metres (3,580 ft)Laguna, Batangas0Last activity was the formation of Sampaloc Lake around 1350 AD +/- 100 years determined by anthropology[3][13]
Smith19°32′02″N 121°55′01″E / 19.534°N 121.917°E / 19.534; 121.917 (Smith)7002688000000000000688 metres (2,257 ft)Cagayan6Eruption years are from 1652 to 1924. Combined with Babuyan Claro on the GVP list.
Taal14°00′07″N 120°59′35″E / 14.002°N 120.993°E / 14.002; 120.993 (Taal)7002400000000000000400 metres (1,300 ft)Batangas33Eruption years is from 1572 to 1977. Showing signs of unrest since 1991 and permanently monitored.
Unnamed volcano (Ibugos)20°20′N 121°45′E / 20.33°N 121.75°E / 20.33; 121.75 (Unnamed volcano (Ibugos))2998760000000000000−24 metres (−79 ft)Batanes3Submarine eruptions in 1773, 1850 and 1854.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Active Volcanoes". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). 
  2. ^ a b "Volcanoes of the Philippines and Southeast Asia". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Volcano Data Criteria". accessdate=2011-08-18. Smithsonian Institution. 
  4. ^ "Eruption History, Ambalatungan Group". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  5. ^ "Banahaw Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  6. ^ "Didicas Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  7. ^ "Iriga Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  8. ^ "Leonard Range Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  9. ^ "Makaturing Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  10. ^ "Makaturing". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  11. ^ "Matutum". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  12. ^ "Matutum Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  13. ^ "San Pablo Volcanic Field Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.

External links[edit]