List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Canada

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There were 40 known prisoner-of-war camps across Canada during World War II. The camps were identified by letters at first, then by numbers.[1] The prisoners were given various tasks; many worked in the forests as logging crews. In addition to the main camps there were branch camps and labour camps.

The largest number of prisoners of war was recorded as 33,798. (One source claims that at its peak, Canada interned 35,046 prisoners of war and Japanese-Canadians.[2]) There were an additional 6,437 civil internees, members of the merchant marine and refugees.[citation needed]

There are claims that conditions in the Canadian camps tended to be better than average, and many times better than the conditions of the barracks that Canadian troops were kept in. It is believed by some that this treatment foiled many escape attempts before they even started. Notably, it is told that a group of German prisoners returned to Ozada camp after escaping because of encountering a grizzly bear.[3]

10ChathamOntario260 km southwest of Toronto1944
10FingalOntario40 km south of London1945-1946
20 (C)GravenhurstOntario170 km north of Toronto1940-1946
21 (F)EspanolaOntario330 km NNW of Toronto1940-1943
22 (M)MimicoOntario15 km west of Toronto1940-1944
23 (Q)Monteith (near Iroquois Falls)Ontario700 km north of Toronto1940-1946
30BowmanvilleOntario65 km ENE of Toronto1941-1945
31 (F)KingstonOntario145 km SSW of Ottawa1940-1943
32 (H)HullQuebec10 km north of Ottawa1941-(?)
33 (F)PetawawaOntario130 km WNW of Ottawa1942-1946
40 (A)FarnhamQuebec50 km ESE of Montreal1940-1941
42 (N)Newington (Sherbrooke)Quebec130 km east of Montreal1942-1946
44Feller College / Grande LigneQuebec275 km northeast of Montreal1943-1946
45SorelQuebec65 km NNE of Montreal1945-1946
70 (B)Fredericton (Ripples)New Brunswick20 km east of Fredericton1941-1945
100 (W)NeysOntario1100 km northwest of Toronto1944-1943
101AnglerOntario800 km northwest of Toronto1941-1946
130SeebeAlberta100 km west of Calgary1939-1946
132Medicine HatAlberta260 km ESE of Calgary1943-1945
133OzadaAlberta130 km west of Calgary1942
133LethbridgeAlberta160 km southeast of Calgary1942-1946
135WainwrightAlberta190 km ESE of Edmonton1945-1946
(R)Red RockOntarioLake Superior1940-1941
N/AWainfleetOntarioClose to Port Colborne1943-1945

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tremblay, Robert, Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, et all. "Histoires oubliées – Interprogrammes : Des prisonniers spéciaux" Interlude. Aired: 20 July 2008, 14h47 to 15h00.
  2. ^ Chisholm, B., and Gutsche, A. Superior: Under the Shadow of the Gods, Lynx Images, 1998, p. 161
  3. ^ "HOMELAND STORIES: Enemies Within". 

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