List of World Heritage Sites in Italy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Italy ratified the convention on June 23, 1978, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.[2]

Sites in Italy were first inscribed on the list at the 3rd Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Cairo and Luxor, Egypt in 1979. At that session, one site was added: the "Rock Drawings in Valcamonica".[3] A total of 25, i.e. half of all Italian sites was added during the 1990s with 10 sites added at the 21st session held in Naples, Italy in 1997. As of July 2014, Italy has 50 total sites inscribed on the list, making it the country with most World Heritage Sites (followed by China with 47 sites). Of these four sites are shared with other countries: "Monte San Giorgio" and "Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes" with Switzerland; "Historic Centre of Rome" with the Vatican; and "Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps" with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia and Switzerland. Four World Heritage Sites in Italy are of the natural type, all others are cultural sites.[2]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site:

Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Location: city and region of site
Area: size of property and buffer zone
UNESCO data: the site's reference number; the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; the criteria it was listed under: criteria i through vi are cultural, while vii through x are natural; (the column sorts by year added to the list)
Description: brief description of the site
  * Trans-border site
NameImageLocationArea
ha (acre)
UNESCO dataDescription
18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio ComplexA row of water basins leading to a large palace building.Provinces of Caserta and Benevento, Campania,  Italy
41°4′24″N 14°19′35″E / 41.07333°N 14.32639°E / 41.07333; 14.32639 (18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex)
700187000000000000087 (210); buffer zone 111 (270)549; 1997; i, ii, iii, ivLarge scale palace and park created by the Bourbon King of Naples Charles III in the mid 18th century. It is notable for blending into the environment. The site also includes an ambitious new town and industrial complex.[4]
Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of AquileiaRoman stone church.Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia,  Italy
45°46′6″N 13°22′3″E / 45.76833°N 13.36750°E / 45.76833; 13.36750 (Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia)
7002155000000000000155 (380)825; 1998; iii, iv, viRemains of one of the wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire including mosaic floors and a basilica that played a major role in spreading Christianity in the early Middle Ages.[5]
Archaeological Area of AgrigentoRuins of a classical temple with columns.Province of Agrigento, Sicily,  Italy
37°17′23″N 13°35′36″E / 37.28972°N 13.59333°E / 37.28972; 13.59333 (Archaeological Area of Agrigento)
7002934000000000000934 (2,310); buffer zone 1,869 (4,620)831; 1997; i, ii, iii, ivWell preserved remains of a great city of the ancient Mediterranean with seven doric temples making it one of most notable sites of Greek art and culture.[6]
Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre AnnunziataA street with ruined houses.Province of Naples, Campania,  Italy
40°45′0″N 14°29′0″E / 40.75000°N 14.48333°E / 40.75000; 14.48333 (Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata)
700198000000000000098 (240); buffer zone 24 (59)829; 1997; iii, iv, vRemains of two towns that had been buried by an eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79; giving an unmatched picture of ancient daily life at a specific moment in time.[7]
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan SitesA white church with a white tower next to it. Italy
43°3′58″N 12°37′21″E / 43.06611°N 12.62250°E / 43.06611; 12.62250 (Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites)
700414563000000000014,563 (35,990); buffer zone 4,087 (10,100)990; 2000; i, ii, iii, iv, viMedieval city with notable pieces of art and architecture; birthplace of the Franciscan order.[8]
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), PaduaA garden with a church in the background.City and Province of Padua, Veneto,  Italy
45°23′57″N 11°52′50″E / 45.39917°N 11.88056°E / 45.39917; 11.88056 (Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua)
70002200000000000002.20 (5.4); buffer zone 11 (27)824; 1997; ii, iiiWorld's first botanical garden has been a center of scientific research and retains its original layout from 1545.[9]
Castel del MonteOctagonal castle with a tower on each of the eight corners.Andria and Corato, Province of Bari, Puglia,  Italy
41°5′5″N 16°16′15.4″E / 41.08472°N 16.270944°E / 41.08472; 16.270944 (Castel del Monte)
70003100000000000003.10 (7.7); buffer zone 10,847 (26,800)398; 1996; i, ii, iiiBuilt by Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century, the castle blends northern European Cistercian gothic, muslim architecture and elements from the classical antique in a perfectly symmetrical design.[10]
Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena
A white stone church with one tall tower.
City and Province of Modena, Emilia–Romagna,  Italy
44°38′46″N 10°55′32″E / 44.64611°N 10.92556°E / 44.64611; 10.92556 (Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena)
70001200000000000001.20 (3.0); buffer zone 1.10 (2.7)827; 1997; i, ii, iii, ivThis 12th century cathedral built by Lanfranco (architect) and Wiligelmo (sculptor) is an excellent example of early Romanesque art.[11]
Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci
Painting of the last supper.
Province of Milano, Lombardy,  Italy
45°27′57″N 9°10′14″E / 45.46583°N 9.17056°E / 45.46583; 9.17056 (Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci)
70001500000000000001.50 (3.7)93; 1980; i, iiThe convent houses the mural painting "The Last Supper", a masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci and one of the world's most famous paintings.[12]
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di PadulaRuins of a temple with columns.Province of Salerno, Campania,  Italy
40°17′0″N 15°16′0″E / 40.28333°N 15.26667°E / 40.28333; 15.26667 (Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula)
7005159110000000000159,110 (393,200); buffer zone 178,101 (440,100)842; 1998; iii, ivExceptional cultural landscape with settlements and sanctuaries reflecting its historical position on a trade route and related cultural and political exchange in prehistoric and medieval times. The site includes Paestum and Velia, remains of two major towns from classical times.[13]
City of Verona
A city with a small square and a tower.
City and Province of Verona, Veneto,  Italy
45°26′19″N 10°59′38″E / 45.43861°N 10.99389°E / 45.43861; 10.99389 (City of Verona)
7002453000000000000453 (1,120); buffer zone 431 (1,070)797; 2000; ii, ivHistorical city that preserves urban structures and architecture from 2,000 years of uninterrupted development.[14]
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the VenetoA three storied villa.Provinces of Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona and Vicenza, Veneto,  Italy
45°32′57″N 11°32′58″E / 45.54917°N 11.54944°E / 45.54917; 11.54944 (City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto)
7002334000000000000334 (830)712; 1994;[nb 1] i, iiUrban buildings and villas in the surrounding Veneto region designed by Andrea Palladio had a major influence and architecture and inspired the Palladian style.[15]
[16]
Costiera AmalfitanaMountainous coastline.Province of Salerno, Campania,  Italy
40°39′0″N 14°36′0″E / 40.65000°N 14.60000°E / 40.65000; 14.60000 (Costiera Amalfitana)
700411231000000000011,231 (27,750)830; 1997; ii, iv, vOutstanding example of a Mediterranean coastal landscape with notable architecture and art as well as a rural landscape testifying to the adaptation to the diverse mountaineous landscape.[17]
Crespi d'Adda
A row of parallel and connected factory buildings.
Province of Bergamo, Lombardy,  Italy
45°35′36″N 9°32′18″E / 45.59333°N 9.53833°E / 45.59333; 9.53833 (Crespi d'Adda)
730; 1995; iv, vWell preserved and partially in use company town built in the 19th and 20th centuries for the workforce of a textile manufacturer. The town includes both residential buildings and common public services such as a clinic, a school, theatre or sports centre.[18]
Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna
Mosaic showing a man with a crown.
City and Province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna,  Italy
44°25′13.5″N 12°11′46.5″E / 44.420417°N 12.196250°E / 44.420417; 12.196250 (Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna)
70001320000000000001.32 (3.3)788; 1996; i, ii, iii, ivUnique collection of high quality early Christian mosaics from as early as the 5th century at a former seat of the Roman Empire and later of Byzantine Italy.[19]
Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and TarquiniaGrass-covered conical structures.Provinces of Rome and Viterbo, Lazio,  Italy
42°0′25″N 12°6′7″E / 42.00694°N 12.10194°E / 42.00694; 12.10194 (Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia)
700121000000000000021 (52); buffer zone 5,786 (14,300)1158; 2004; i, iii, ivEtruscan cemeteries from the 9th to the 1st century BCE with outstanding wall paintings depicting scenes of daily life of this ancient culture.[20]
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po DeltaSunset over a river.City and Province of Ferrara, Emilia–Romagna,  Italy
44°50′16″N 11°37′10″E / 44.83778°N 11.61944°E / 44.83778; 11.61944 (Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta)
700446712000000000046,712 (115,430); buffer zone 117,649 (290,720)733; 1995;[nb 2] ii, iii, iv, v, viIntellectual and artistic centre during the Italian Renaissance of the 15th and 16th century with well preserved urban landscape.[21]
[22]
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli
Narrow street lined by four storied buildings.
Province of Genoa, Liguria,  Italy
44°24′44″N 8°55′52″E / 44.41222°N 8.93111°E / 44.41222; 8.93111 (Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli)
700116000000000000016 (40); buffer zone 113 (280)1211; 2006; ii, ivRenaissance and Baroque palaces from the late 16th to early 17th centuries developed by public authorities.[23]
Historic Centre of FlorenceBridge across a river with buildings on it.City and Province of Florence, Tuscany,  Italy
43°46′23″N 11°15′22″E / 43.77306°N 11.25611°E / 43.77306; 11.25611 (Historic Centre of Florence)
7002505000000000000505 (1,250)174; 1982; i, ii, iii, iv, viSymbol of the renaissance with extraordinary architecture and art such as the Basilica of Santa Croce, the Uffizi or the Pitti Palace.[24]
Historic Centre of NaplesNarrow street with five-storied buildings.City and Province of Naples, Campania,  Italy
40°51′5″N 14°15′46″E / 40.85139°N 14.26278°E / 40.85139; 14.26278 (Historic Centre of Naples)
70031021000000000001,021 (2,520); buffer zone 1,350 (3,300)726; 1995; ii, ivFounded in 470 BCE by Greek settlers, Naples is one of the most ancient cities in Europe. A large number of monuments such as the church of Santa Chiara or Castel Nuovo are testament of various cultures that emerged in Europe and the Mediterranean.[25]
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Building with white columns in the lower floor and Christian paintings on the walls of the upper floor.
 Holy See; Rome, Lazio,  Italy
41°53′25″N 12°29′32″E / 41.89028°N 12.49222°E / 41.89028; 12.49222 (Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura)
70031485000000000001,485 (3,670)91; 1980;[26] i, ii, iii, iv, viRome, center of the Roman Empire and later, from the 4th century, of the Christian world is home to a large number of major monuments of antiquity. Included in the site are also religious and public buildings of the Holy See.[27]
Historic Centre of San GimignanoA small town dominated by many tall stone towers..San Gimignano, Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
43°28′5″N 11°2′30″E / 43.46806°N 11.04167°E / 43.46806; 11.04167 (Historic Centre of San Gimignano)
700114000000000000014 (35)550; 1990; i, iii, ivSmall medieval hill town noted for its tower-houses of which 14 survive.[28]
Historic Centre of SienaA large square surrounded by multi-storied buildings. One of the buildings has a tall and narrow tower.City and Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
43°19′7″N 11°19′54″E / 43.31861°N 11.33167°E / 43.31861; 11.33167 (Historic Centre of Siena)
7002170000000000000170 (420); buffer zone 9,907 (24,480)717; 1995; i, ii, ivExceptional medieval city that has preserved its gothic appearance from the 12th to 15th century.[29]
Historic Centre of the City of PienzaNarrow street and three-storied houses.Pienza, Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
43°4′37″N 11°40′43″E / 43.07694°N 11.67861°E / 43.07694; 11.67861 (Historic Centre of the City of Pienza)
70004410000000000004.41 (10.9)789; 1996; i, ii, ivOn decision of Pope Pius II Pienza was chosen in 1459 to be the first city to be transformed according to Renaissance Humanist ideas of urban design.[30]
Historic Centre of UrbinoA large palace in a city.Province of Pesaro, Marche,  Italy
43°43′30″N 12°38′0″E / 43.72500°N 12.63333°E / 43.72500; 12.63333 (Historic Centre of Urbino)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 3,609 (8,920)828; 1998; ii, ivSmall hill town with exceptional Renaissance architecture dated to a short period of cultural flowering in the 15th century.[31]
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)A group of volcanic islands.Southern Tyrrhenian Sea,  Italy
38°29′16″N 14°56′44″E / 38.48778°N 14.94556°E / 38.48778; 14.94556 (Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands))
70031216000000000001,216 (3,000)908; 2000; viiiThis archipelago features prominently in the science and education of the field of vulcanology, containing classical features of volcanic landforms.[32]
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)
White baroque church.
Provinces of Catania, Ragusa and Syracuse, Sicily,  Italy
36°53′35.5″N 15°4′8″E / 36.893194°N 15.06889°E / 36.893194; 15.06889 (Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily))
7002113000000000000113 (280); buffer zone 306 (760)1024; 2002; i, ii, iv, vEight towns (Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa and Scicli) rebuilt after destruction in the 1693 earthquake, representing the pinnacle of late Baroque art in Europe.[33]
Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)
Basilica of San Salvatore in Brescia.
 Italy
46°5′39″N 13°25′59″E / 46.09417°N 13.43306°E / 46.09417; 13.43306 (Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.))
700114000000000000014 (35); buffer zone 306 (760)1318; 2011; ii, iii, viMonasteries, churches and fortresses associated with the Longobards who settled in Italy from the 6th to the 8th century. The site is spread over seven towns in Italy (Brescia, Cividale del Friuli, Castelseprio, Spoleto, Campello sul Clitunno, Benevento and Monte Sant'Angelo). Its architecture marks a synthesis of various styles and the transition to the Middle Ages.[34]
Mantua and SabbionetaPalace like building with a colonnade.Lombardy,  Italy
45°9′34″N 10°47′40″E / 45.15944°N 10.79444°E / 45.15944; 10.79444 (Mantua and Sabbioneta)
7002235000000000000235 (580); buffer zone 2,330 (5,800)1287; 2008; ii, iiiTwo towns representative of Renaissance period town planning: Mantua originating in Roman times and preserving structures from the 11th century was renovated in the 15th and 16th century, while Sabbioneta was devised as "ideal town" in the second half of the 16th century[35]
Medici Villas and Gardens in TuscanyTuscany,  Italy
43°51′28″N 11°18′15″E / 43.85778°N 11.30417°E / 43.85778; 11.30417 (Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany)
7002125000000000000125 (310); buffer zone 3,539 (8,750)175; 2013; ii, iv, viTwelve villas and two gardens built under patronage of the Medici family in the 15th to 17th centuries. They are the first example of combining aristocratic residences with gardens in a natural environment an idea that was taken up throughout Italy and Europe.[36]
Monte San GiorgioA wooded mountain and a lake.Lombardy,  Italy; Ticino,   Switzerland
45°53′20″N 8°54′50″E / 45.88889°N 8.91389°E / 45.88889; 8.91389 (Monte San Giorgio)
70031089000000000001,089 (2,690); buffer zone 3,207 (7,920)1090; 2003;[37] viiiWorld's best location for fossil records of marine life from the Triassic period (250 to 200 Ma).[38]
[39]
Mount EtnaSicily,  Italy
37°45′22″N 14°59′48″E / 37.75611°N 14.99667°E / 37.75611; 14.99667 (Mount Etna)
700419237000000000019,237 (47,540)1427; 2013; viiiAs one of the world's most active volcanoes showing a diverse range of volcanic features and notable ecosystems, Mount Etna is of great scientific and cultural interest.[40]
Piazza del Duomo, PisaWhite church, leaning tower and a circular building.City and Province of Pisa, Tuscany,  Italy
43°43′23″N 10°23′47″E / 43.72306°N 10.39639°E / 43.72306; 10.39639 (Piazza del Duomo, Pisa)
70008869999999999998.87 (21.9); buffer zone 254 (630)395; 1987;[41] i, ii, iv, viThis walled area is one of the finest architectural complexes in the world and includes four medieval masterpieces from the 11th to 14th century: the cathedral, baptistry, cemetery and the leaning tower.[42]
[43]
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)A coastal town with multi storied colorful houses.Province of La Spezia, Liguria,  Italy
44°6′25″N 9°43′45″E / 44.10694°N 9.72917°E / 44.10694; 9.72917 (Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto))
70034689000000000004,689 (11,590)826; 1997; ii, iv, vParticularly scenic coastal area with small towns built among the steep rugged terrain.[44]
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
Pile dwelling over a lake.
 Austria;  France;  Germany;  Italy;  Slovenia;   Switzerland
47°16′42″N 8°12′27″E / 47.27833°N 8.20750°E / 47.27833; 8.20750 (Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps)
7002274000000000000274 (680); buffer zone 3,961 (9,790)1363; 2011; iv, vContains 111 small individual sites in six countries with the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. While only some of the sites have been excavated, they contain a wealth of information on life and trade in agrarian Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures in Alpine Europe. All of the 19 Italian sites are located in Northern Italy.[45]
Residences of the Royal House of SavoyLarge symmetrical palace complex with white walls.Province of Torino, Piedmont,  Italy
45°4′21″N 7°41′8.6″E / 45.07250°N 7.685722°E / 45.07250; 7.685722 (Residences of the Royal House of Savoy)
7002371000000000000371 (920); buffer zone 6,931 (17,130)823; 1997;[nb 3] i, ii, iv, vComplex of buildings created to demonstrate the power of the ruling monarchy following the move of the capital to Torino by Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy in 1562. The buildings are representative of 17th and 18th century European monumental architecture.[46]
[47]
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina LandscapesA train running through a snowy mountain valley. Italy;   Switzerland
46°29′54″N 9°50′47″E / 46.49833°N 9.84639°E / 46.49833; 9.84639 (Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes)
7002152000000000000152 (380); buffer zone 109,386 (270,300)1276; 2008; ii, ivRailway line over a total length of 128 (80) in the Swiss Alps crossing two passes in severe mountain landscapes. With 55 tunnels or galleries and 192 viaducts and bridges it represents a technical and architectural feat while being in harmony with its environment.[48]
Rock Drawings in ValcamonicaRock drawing of warriors.Province of Brescia, Lombardy,  Italy
45°57′25″N 10°17′50″E / 45.95694°N 10.29722°E / 45.95694; 10.29722 (Rock Drawings in Valcamonica)
7002432000000000000432 (1,070); buffer zone 1,018 (2,520)94; 1979; iii, viHuge number of 140,000 engravings depicting scenes from agriculture, navigation, war and magic. The carvings have been created in a valley over a period of 8,000 years from the Epipaleolithic until the Roman and medieval times.[49]
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy
A circular building on top of a mountain.
Lombardy, Piedmont,  Italy
45°58′28″N 9°10′10″E / 45.97444°N 9.16944°E / 45.97444; 9.16944 (Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy)
700191000000000000091 (220); buffer zone 722 (1,780)1068; 2003; ii, ivNine sacred mountains (ital.: "sacri monti") with chapels and other architectural features built in the late 16th and 17th centuries for didactic and spiritual purposes. They are particularly noteworthy for the skill with which they have been integrated into a beautiful natural landscape.[50]
Su Nuraxi di BaruminiFoundations of former circular buildings.Barumini, Province of Medio Campidano, Sardinia,  Italy
39°42′21″N 8°59′29″E / 39.70583°N 8.99139°E / 39.70583; 8.99139 (Su Nuraxi di Barumini)
70002330000000000002.33 (5.8); buffer zone 3.92 (9.7)833; 1997; i, iii, ivFinest and most complete nuraghe settlement from the 2nd millenium BC: a unique kind of defensive structure consisting of circular defensive towers in the form of truncated cones built of dressed stone, with corbel-vaulted internal chambers, that only exists on the island of Sardinia.[51]
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of PantalicaRock caves on a hillside.City and Province of Syracuse, Sicily,  Italy
37°3′34″N 15°17′35″E / 37.05944°N 15.29306°E / 37.05944; 15.29306 (Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica)
7002898000000000000898 (2,220); buffer zone 5,519 (13,640)1200; 2005; ii, iii, iv, viThe Necropolis of Pantalica contains more than 5,000 tombs, most dating from the 13th to the 7th centuries BC, and remains of Byzantine era structures. On the other hand the city of Syracuse includes its 8th century BC nucleus and many other remains bearing testimony to its eventful history.[52]
The DolomitesA rocky mountain landscape. Italy
46°36′47″N 12°9′47″E / 46.61306°N 12.16306°E / 46.61306; 12.16306 (The Dolomites)
7005141903000000000141,903 (350,650); buffer zone 89,267 (220,580)1237; 2009; vii, viiiMountain range in the Northern Italian Alps with 18 peaks above 3,000 (9,800), and some of the world's most beautiful mountain scenery including sheer rocky cliffs, vertical walls, long and narrow valleys.[53]
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of MateraStructures built into the rock.City and Province of Matera, Basilicata,  Italy
40°39′59″N 16°36′37″E / 40.66639°N 16.61028°E / 40.66639; 16.61028 (The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera)
70031016000000000001,016 (2,510); buffer zone 4,365 (10,790)670; 1993; iii, iv, vMost outstanding example of cave dwellings in the Mediterranean with parts of it dating to the Palaeolithic.[54]
The Trulli of AlberobelloSmall white houses with conic roofs.Province of Bari, Puglia,  Italy
40°46′57″N 17°14′13″E / 40.78250°N 17.23694°E / 40.78250; 17.23694 (The Trulli of Alberobello)
700111000000000000011 (27)787; 1996; iii, iv, vSmall town with trulli, limestone huts in a prehistoric drywall technique, usually featuring conical, domed or pyramidal roofs of corbelled stone slabs.[55]
Val d'OrciaHilly grass landscape.Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
43°4′N 11°33′E / 43.067°N 11.550°E / 43.067; 11.550 (Val d'Orcia)
700461188000000000061,188 (151,200); buffer zone 5,660 (14,000)1026; 2004; iv, viPart of the hinterland of Siena, the landscape was carefully redesigned during the Renaissance (14th and 15th century) to reflect an idealized model of government and to create a pleasing picture. It featured prominently in paintings of the time.[56]
Venice and its LagoonA city with churches among water.Province of Venezia, Veneto,  Italy
45°26′3.5″N 12°20′20″E / 45.434306°N 12.33889°E / 45.434306; 12.33889 (Venice and its Lagoon)
394; 1987; i, ii, iii, iv, v, viFounded in the 5th century and rising to prominence as a maritime power in the 10th century, Venice's unique location on 118 small islands harbors a large number of architectural masterpieces and major works by some of the greatest artists. [57]
Villa Adriana (Tivoli)Ruins of a stone building.Tivoli, Province of Rome, Lazio,  Italy
41°56′39″N 12°46′19″E / 41.94417°N 12.77194°E / 41.94417; 12.77194 (Villa Adriana (Tivoli))
700180000000000000080 (200); buffer zone 500 (1,200)907; 1999; i, ii, iiiVilla Adriana or "Hadrian's Villa" is a 2nd century complex of classical buildings constructed by Emperor Hadrian combining architectural elements of Greece, Egypt and Rome.[58]
Villa d'Este, TivoliFountain and waterfall in a park.Tivoli, Province of Rome, Lazio,  Italy
41°57′50″N 12°47′46.5″E / 41.96389°N 12.796250°E / 41.96389; 12.796250 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli)
70004500000000000004.50 (11.1); buffer zone 7.00 (17.3)1025; 2001; i, ii, iii, iv, viFine example of an Italian Renaissance palace and garden from the 16th century, the gardens of Villa d'Este are one of the Grandi Giardini Italiani and had a large influence on European garden design.[59]
Villa Romana del CasaleMosaic of girls in bikini playing with a ball.Piazza Armerina, Province of Enna, Sicily,  Italy
37°21′58″N 14°20′3″E / 37.36611°N 14.33417°E / 37.36611; 14.33417 (Villa Romana del Casale)
70008920000000000008.92 (22.0); buffer zone 10 (25)832; 1997; i, ii, iiiOne of the most luxurious Roman villas built in the early 4th century and decorated with mosaics of exceptional quality.[60]
Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and MonferratoHilly area with vineyards.Piedmont,  Italy
44°36′31″N 7°57′49″E / 44.60861°N 7.96361°E / 44.60861; 7.96361 (Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato)
700410789000000000010,789 (26,660); buffer zone 76,249 (188,420)1390; 2014; iii, vWinegrowing and processing area for Piemonte wine with a long history going back to at least the 5th century BC. The site includes the Castle of Grinzane Cavour.[61]

Tentative List[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[62] As of 2014, Italy recorded 40 sites on its tentative list. The sites, along with the year they were included on the tentative list are:[2]

  1. Lake Maggiore and Lake D'Orta lakelands (2006)
  2. Historic centre of Pavia and Chartreuse (2006)
  3. The city of Bergamo (2006)
  4. Hanbury botanical gardens (2006)
  5. Historic Centre of Lucca (2006)
  6. Orvieto (2006)
  7. Via Appia "Regina Viarum" (2006)
  8. Villas of the Papal Nobility (2006)
  9. Historic Centre of Parma (2006)
  10. Salento and the "Barocco Leccese" (2006)
  11. Cattolica Monastery in Stilo and Basilian-Byzantine complexes (2006)
  12. Ponds in the Bay of Oristano and the Sinis Peninsula island of Mal di Ventre (2006)
  13. Scrovegni's Chapel (2006)
  14. Fortress Town of Palmanova (2006)
  15. Romanesque Cathedrals in Puglia (2006)
  16. Monte Sant' Angelo and the Via Sacra Langobardorum (2006)
  17. Taormina and Isola Bella (2006)
  18. Archipelago of La Maddalena and Islands of Bocche di Bonifacio (2006)
  19. Mothia Island and Lilibeo: The Phoenician-Punic Civilization in Italy (2006)
  20. Bradyseism in the Flegrea Area (2006)
  21. Cascata delle Marmore and Valnerina: Monastic sites and ancient hydrogeological reclamation works (2006)
  22. Pelagos: The Cetacean Sanctuary (2006)
  23. Island of Asinara (2006)
  24. Sulcis Iglesiente (2006)
  25. The Marble Basin of Carrara (2006)
  26. The Transhumance: The Royal Shepherd's Track (2006)
  27. Volterra: Historical City and Cultural Landscape (2006)
  28. The Aniene valley and Villa Gregoriana in Tivoli (2006)
  29. The Murge of Altamura (2006)
  30. The Porticoes of Bologna (2006)
  31. Karstic caves in prehistoric Apulia (2006)
  32. Citadel of Alessandria (2006)
  33. The Lower Palaeolithic Palaeosurfaces at Isernia-La Pineta and Notarchirico (2006)
  34. Massif du Mont-Blanc (together with France and Switzerland) (2008)
  35. Arab-Norman Palermo and the cathedral churches of Cefalù’ and Monreale (2010)
  36. The Prosecco Hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene. (Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene (2010)
  37. Parco Nazionale della Sila – Sila, gran bosco d’Italia (2012)
  38. Ivrea, industrial city of the 20th century (2012)
  39. Espace transfrontalier Marittime-Mercantour (Les Alpes de la Mer) (together with France) (2013)
  40. The Venetian Works of defence between 15th and 17th centuries (2013)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Extended in 1996 to include sites outside of the vicinity of Vicenza and name change from Vicenza, City of Palladio to the present name.
  2. ^ Extended in 1999 to include the Po Delta and name change from Ferrara, city of the Renaissance to the present name.
  3. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2010.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Italy – Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Report of the Rapporteur". UNESCO. November 30, 1979. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Archaeological Area of Agrigento". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  9. ^ "Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  10. ^ "Castel del Monte". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  13. ^ "Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  14. ^ "City of Verona". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  15. ^ "City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  16. ^ "Decision - 20COM VIII.C - Extension and Change of Name: The City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  17. ^ "Costiera Amalfitana". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  18. ^ "Crespi d'Adda". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  19. ^ "Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  20. ^ "Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  21. ^ "Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  22. ^ "Decision - 23COM VIII.C.2 - Extension: Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po Delta (extension of Ferrara, city of the Renaissance) (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  23. ^ "Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  24. ^ "Historic Centre of Florence". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  25. ^ "Historic Centre of Naples". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  26. ^ Extended in 1990 and name change from Historic Centre of Rome to the present name.
  27. ^ "Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  28. ^ "Historic Centre of San Gimignano". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  29. ^ "Historic Centre of Siena". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  30. ^ "Historic Centre of the City of Pienza". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  31. ^ "Historic Centre of Urbino". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  32. ^ "Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  33. ^ "Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  34. ^ "Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  35. ^ "Mantua and Sabbioneta". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  36. ^ "Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  37. ^ Extended in 2010 to include the Italian portion of the site.
  38. ^ "Monte San Giorgio". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  39. ^ "Decision - 34COM 8B.6 - Natural Properties- Monte San Giorgio (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  40. ^ "Mount Etna". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  41. ^ Minor modification to boundaries in 2007.
  42. ^ "Piazza del Duomo, Pisa". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  43. ^ "Decision - 31COM 8B.61 - Nomination of natural, mixed and cultural properties to the world heritage list - Piazza del Duomo, Pisa". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  44. ^ "Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  45. ^ "Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 Dec 2011. 
  46. ^ "Residences of the Royal House of Savoy". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  47. ^ "Decision - 34COM 8B.58 - Cultural Properties - Examination of minor boundary modifications - Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  48. ^ "Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  49. ^ "Rock Drawings in Valcamonica". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  50. ^ "Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  51. ^ "Su Nuraxi di Barumini". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  52. ^ "Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  53. ^ "The Dolomites". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  54. ^ "The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  55. ^ "The Trulli of Alberobello". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  56. ^ "Val d'Orcia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  57. ^ "Venice and its Lagoon". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  58. ^ "Villa Adriana (Tivoli)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  59. ^ "Villa d'Este, Tivoli". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  60. ^ "Villa Romana del Casale". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  61. ^ "Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  62. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved July 12, 2014.