List of Washington Metro stations

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Metrorail system map, based on the official map

The Washington Metro (commonly called Metro, and unofficially Metrorail) is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. It is the second busiest in the United States, behind the New York City Subway.[1]

The Washington Metro system was conceived as an alternative to the construction of a large freeway system throughout the Washington, D.C. area, and was partially financed with funds originally dedicated to highway construction.[2] Construction began in 1969, and in 1976 the first section of the Metro system opened along the Red Line between the Rhode Island Avenue and Farragut North stations in Washington, D.C. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, more stations were opened in the city and the suburban communities of Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, and Fairfax County in Virginia as well as Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland. Eventually, five rail lines were opened: the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines. The system as originally planned was completed in 2001 with the extension of the Green Line to Branch Avenue. Since then, three stations have been opened, all in 2004: the extension of the Blue Line to the Largo Town Center and Morgan Boulevard stations and the first in-fill station, New York Ave–Florida Ave–Gallaudet University Metro station (to be renamed NoMa – Gallaudet University with the June 2012 edition of the official Metro map).[3]

As of 2011, there are 86 stations on the five lines in the Metro system. Eleven more are proposed as part of the planned Silver Line, which is projected to open its first section in early 2014, and an infill station, Potomac Yard, is planned to open in 2016 on the Yellow and Blue lines.

Nine Metrorail stations are officially designated transfer stations, although some intermediate stations also allow passengers to transfer between lines. Six stations have separate upper and lower levels to accommodate transfers between perpendicular lines. Ten stations are termini, stations at the end of lines.[4]

As of June 2011, Union Station was the busiest station in the system, with an average of 33,697 passenger boardings per weekday. Eight of the top ten busiest stations are in the District of Columbia. Metro Center, a transfer point for the Blue, Orange, and Red Lines, is the busiest transfer station with 28,983 boardings. Shady Grove in suburban Montgomery County, Maryland was the busiest terminus with 13,856 passenger boardings per weekday.[5]

Lines[edit]

Stylized Metro map, showing the system including the two phases of the Silver Line

There are five Washington Metro lines as of 2013. Each is named for a different color.[4] All lines except the Red Line share tracks, mostly through the downtown tunnels. As part of the Rush+ service introduced in June 2012, some rush hour Orange Line trains run to Largo Town Center and some Yellow Line trains to Franconia-Springfield on tracks normally used for the Blue Line.

A sixth line, the Silver Line, is under construction; it will open to Wiehle – Reston East via the Tysons Corner district in 2014 and to Route 772 via Dulles International Airport in 2018. The Silver Line will share tracks with the Orange and Blue lines from East Falls Church to Largo Town Center.[6]

LineRidership (May 2010)[7]Stations[4]Termini[4]
Red Line Red Line277,741 (37%)27Shady GroveGlenmont
Orange Line Orange Line187,663 (25%)26ViennaNew Carrollton
Largo Town Center (Rush+)
Blue Line Blue Line120,104 (16%)27Franconia-SpringfieldLargo Town Center
Green Line Green Line105,091 (14%)21Branch AvenueGreenbelt
Yellow Line Yellow Line[a]59,781 (8%)17Huntington
Franconia–Springfield (Rush+)
Mount Vernon Square (rush peak)
Fort Totten (all other times)
Greenbelt (Rush+)
Silver Line Silver LineN/A(34)Wiehle–Reston East (2014)
Route 772 (2018)
Largo Town Center

Stations[edit]

Pylon by the entrance to the Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter Station
Passengers boarding a train at the Bethesda Metro Station
Greenbelt Station, one of the termini of the Green Line
Crossvault of the L'Enfant Plaza Station
Platform of the Silver Spring Station on a rainy day
Union Station, the busiest station in the Washington Metrorail system
The longest continuous escalator in the western hemisphere, at the Wheaton Station[8]
Vaulted ceiling at Farragut West
Largo Town Center station, one of the newest stations
Time-lapse of a train leaving Foggy Bottom - GWU
Arlington Cemetery station on a snowy day
Elevated platform at National Airport
Upper level at Fort Totten
*Official transfer stations
daggerTerminals
**Transfer station and terminal
Lines[4]Station[4]Jurisdiction[7]Average weekday
boardings[5][c]
Opened[7]
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Addison RoadMaryland3,626November 22, 1980
Green Line Green LineAnacostiaDistrict of Columbia7,479December 28, 1991
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
ArchivesDistrict of Columbia9,565April 30, 1983
Blue Line Blue LineArlington CemeteryVirginia1,866July 1, 1977
Orange Line Orange LineBallston–MUVirginia12,016December 11, 1979
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Benning RoadDistrict of Columbia3,241November 22, 1980
Red Line Red LineBethesdaMaryland10,765August 25, 1984
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Braddock RoadVirginia4,559December 17, 1983
Green Line Green LineBranch AvenuedaggerMaryland6,660January 13, 2001
Red Line Red LineBrookland–CUADistrict of Columbia6,567February 6, 1978
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Capitol HeightsMaryland2,150November 22, 1980
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Capitol SouthDistrict of Columbia9,194July 1, 1977
Orange Line Orange LineCheverlyMaryland1,543November 20, 1978
Orange Line Orange LineClarendonVirginia4,414December 11, 1979
Red Line Red LineCleveland ParkDistrict of Columbia4,676December 5, 1981
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
College Park – University of MarylandMaryland4,768December 11, 1993
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Columbia Heights [a]District of Columbia12,386September 18, 1999
Green Line Green LineCongress HeightsDistrict of Columbia2,819January 13, 2001
Orange Line Orange LineCourt HouseVirginia7,483December 11, 1979
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Crystal CityVirginia15,187July 1, 1977
Orange Line Orange LineDeanwoodDistrict of Columbia1,844November 20, 1978
Orange Line Orange LineDunn LoringVirginia5,310June 7, 1986
Red Line Red LineDupont CircleDistrict of Columbia22,721January 17, 1977
Orange Line Orange LineEast Falls ChurchVirginia4,102June 7, 1986
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Eastern MarketDistrict of Columbia6,262July 1, 1977
Yellow Line Yellow LineEisenhower AvenueVirginia2,094December 17, 1983
Red Line Red LineFarragut NorthDistrict of Columbia23,796March 29, 1976
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Farragut WestDistrict of Columbia22,575July 1, 1977
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Federal Center SWDistrict of Columbia6,011July 1, 1977
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Federal TriangleDistrict of Columbia10,258July 1, 1977
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Foggy Bottom – GWUDistrict of Columbia21,318July 1, 1977
Red Line Red LineForest GlenMaryland2,365September 22, 1990
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Fort Totten** (lower level)[a][b]District of Columbia7,364December 11, 1993
Red Line Red LineFort Totten* (upper level)[b]District of Columbia7,364February 6, 1978
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Franconia–SpringfielddaggerVirginia9,543June 29, 1997
Red Line Red LineFriendship HeightsDistrict of Columbia9,957August 25, 1984
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Gallery Place* (lower level)[b]District of Columbia25,777April 30, 1983
Red Line Red LineGallery Place* (upper level)[b]District of Columbia25,777December 15, 1976
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Georgia Avenue – Petworth [a]District of Columbia6,027September 18, 1999
Red Line Red LineGlenmontdaggerMaryland5,850July 25, 1998
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
GreenbeltdaggerMaryland6,923December 11, 1993
Red Line Red LineGrosvenor–StrathmoreMaryland5,876August 25, 1984
Yellow Line Yellow LineHuntingtondaggerVirginia9,184December 17, 1983
Red Line Red LineJudiciary SquareDistrict of Columbia9,643March 29, 1976
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
King Street – Old Town*Virginia9,306December 17, 1983
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
L'Enfant Plaza* (lower level)[b]District of Columbia22,067July 1, 1977
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
L'Enfant Plaza* (upper level)[b]District of Columbia22,067April 30, 1983
Orange Line Orange LineLandoverMaryland2,478November 20, 1978
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Largo Town CenterdaggerMaryland5,111December 18, 2004
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
McPherson SquareDistrict of Columbia16,873July 1, 1977
Red Line Red LineMedical CenterMaryland5,866August 25, 1984
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Metro Center* (lower level)[b]District of Columbia28,983July 1, 1977
Red Line Red LineMetro Center* (upper level)[b]District of Columbia28,983March 29, 1976
Orange Line Orange LineMinnesota AvenueDistrict of Columbia3,274November 20, 1978
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Morgan BoulevardMaryland1,736December 18, 2004
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Mount Vernon Square**District of Columbia3,813May 11, 1991
Green Line Green LineNavy Yard – BallparkDistrict of Columbia8,249December 28, 1991
Green Line Green LineNaylor RoadMaryland3,047January 13, 2001
Orange Line Orange LineNew CarrolltondaggerMaryland9,940November 20, 1978
Red Line Red LineNoMa – Gallaudet UniversityDistrict of Columbia7,461November 20, 2004
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Pentagon*Virginia16,999July 1, 1977
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Pentagon CityVirginia17,023July 1, 1977
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Potomac AvenueDistrict of Columbia4,050July 1, 1977
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Prince George's PlazaMaryland5,374December 11, 1993
Red Line Red LineRhode Island Avenue – BrentwoodDistrict of Columbia5,227March 29, 1976
Red Line Red LineRockvilleMaryland4,812December 15, 1984
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportVirginia6,739July 1, 1977
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Rosslyn*Virginia17,158July 1, 1977
Red Line Red LineShady GrovedaggerMaryland13,856December 15, 1984
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Shaw – Howard University [a]District of Columbia4,439May 11, 1991
Red Line Red LineSilver SpringMaryland13,471February 6, 1978
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
SmithsonianDistrict of Columbia12,603July 1, 1977
Green Line Green LineSouthern AvenueMaryland5,776January 13, 2001
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Stadium–Armory*District of Columbia3,077July 1, 1977
Green Line Green LineSuitlandMaryland6,417January 13, 2001
Red Line Red LineTakomaDistrict of Columbia6,488February 6, 1978
Red Line Red LineTenleytown–AUDistrict of Columbia6,677August 25, 1984
Red Line Red LineTwinbrookMaryland4,773December 15, 1984
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
U Street [a]District of Columbia7,048May 11, 1991
Red Line Red LineUnion StationDistrict of Columbia33,697March 29, 1976
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Van Dorn StreetVirginia3,653June 15, 1991
Red Line Red LineVan Ness – UDCDistrict of Columbia7,559December 5, 1981
Orange Line Orange LineViennadaggerVirginia13,682June 7, 1986
Orange Line Orange LineVirginia Square – GMUVirginia3,953December 11, 1979
Green Line Green LineWaterfrontDistrict of Columbia4,236December 28, 1991
Orange Line Orange LineWest Falls ChurchVirginia10,740June 7, 1986
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
West HyattsvilleMaryland3,855December 11, 1993
Red Line Red LineWheatonMaryland4,472September 22, 1990
Red Line Red LineWhite FlintMaryland4,266December 15, 1984
Red Line Red LineWoodley ParkDistrict of Columbia7,864December 5, 1981

Planned stations[edit]

Wiehle-Reston East station under construction
Tysons Corner station under construction

A new line, to be called the Silver Line, is planned for the system; it will create 11 new stations and share 23 stations with the Orange and Blue lines. Current estimates are for the first phase of the project, 5 stations, to be complete by 2014.[6] The second phase does not yet have funding nor an official start date, but completion is estimated for as early as 2016.[9] When finished, the line's termini will be Route 772 (western) and Largo Town Center (eastern); Reston - Wiehle Avenue will be the Phase I western terminus.

Potomac Yard is to be an infill station between Braddock Road and National Airport on the Yellow and Blue lines.[10]

Lines[11]Station[11]State[11]Projected Opening
Silver Line Silver LineDulles International AirportVirginia2016[9]
Silver Line Silver LineHerndonVirginia2016[9]
Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Potomac YardVirginia2016[10]
Silver Line Silver LineReston Town CenterVirginia2016[9]
Silver Line Silver LineInnovation CenterVirginia2016[9]
Silver Line Silver LineRoute 606Virginia2016[9]
Silver Line Silver LineRoute 772Virginia2016[9]
Silver Line Silver LineGreensboroVirginia2014[12]
Silver Line Silver LineTysons CornerVirginia2014[12]
Silver Line Silver LineMcLeanVirginia2014[12]
Silver Line Silver LineSpring HillVirginia2014[12]
Silver Line Silver LineWiehle – Reston EastVirginia2014[12]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heavy Rail Transit Ridership Report" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. First Quarter 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8246-X. 
  3. ^ "WMATA History" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Stations". Metrorail Website. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. June 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Dulles Metrorail Project Overview". Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c "Metro Media Guide" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Metro Facts" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Hosh, kafia A. (2011). "Fairfax OKs names for new Metrorail stations". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Goodman, Christy (2010). "Potomac Yard Metro funding approved". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c "Dulles Metrorail Map and Station Information". Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. "Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 2011. 
  13. ^ Weiss, Eric M (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.