List of Washington Metro stations

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Stylized Washington Metro system map, based on the official map

The Washington Metro (commonly called Metro, and unofficially Metrorail) is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. It is the second busiest in the United States, behind the New York City Subway.[1]

The Washington Metro system was conceived as an alternative to the construction of a large freeway system throughout the Washington, D.C. area, and was partially financed with funds originally dedicated to highway construction.[2] Construction began in 1969, and in 1976 the first section of the Metro system opened along the Red Line between the Rhode Island Avenue and Farragut North stations in Washington, D.C. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, more stations were opened in the city and the suburban communities of Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, and Fairfax County in Virginia as well as Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland. By 1991, five rail lines were opened: the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines.

The system as originally planned was completed in 2001 with the extension of the Green Line to Branch Avenue. In 2004, three stations have been opened: the extension of the Blue Line to the Largo Town Center and Morgan Boulevard stations and the first in-fill station, NoMa – Gallaudet U. In 2014, the Silver Line opened with five new stations: Greensboro, McLean, Spring Hill, Tysons Corner, and Wiehle – Reston East.[3]

As of 2014, there are 91 stations on the six lines in the Metro system. An infill station, Potomac Yard, is planned to open in 2016 on the Yellow and Blue lines, and six more stations are planned as part of the Phase II of the Silver Line, which is projected to open in 2018. Ten Metrorail stations are officially designated transfer stations, although other intermediate stations also allow passengers to transfer between lines. Four of those stations have separate, perpendicular upper and lower levels which opened at different times. Two other transfer stations, Rosslyn and Pentagon, have parallel stacked platforms. Ten stations are termini, stations at the end of lines; several other non-terminus stations are used to short turn trains in regular service.[4]

As of June 2011, Union Station was the busiest station in the system, with an average of 33,697 passenger boardings per weekday. Eight of the top ten busiest stations are in the District of Columbia. Metro Center, a transfer point for the Blue, Orange, and Red Lines, is the busiest transfer station with 28,983 boardings. Shady Grove in suburban Montgomery County, Maryland was the busiest terminus with 13,856 passenger boardings per weekday.[5]

Lines[edit]

There are six Washington Metro lines as of 2014. Each is named for a different color.[4] All lines except the Red Line share tracks, mostly through the downtown tunnels. As part of the Rush+ service introduced in June 2012, some Yellow Line trains run to Franconia-Springfield on tracks normally used for the Blue Line. Until the Silver Line opened, some rush hour Orange Line trains ran to Largo Town Center.

The Silver Line currently runs to Wiehle – Reston East via the Tysons Corner district as part of Phase I of its construction; Phase II will extend the Silver Line from Wiehle - Reston East to Route 772 via Dulles International Airport in 2018.

LineRidership (May 2010)[6]Stations[4]Termini[4]
Red Line Red Line277,741 (37%)27Shady GroveGlenmont
Orange Line Orange Line187,663 (25%)26ViennaNew Carrollton
Blue Line Blue Line120,104 (16%)27Franconia-SpringfieldLargo Town Center
Green Line Green Line105,091 (14%)21Branch AvenueGreenbelt
Yellow Line Yellow Line[a]59,781 (8%)17Huntington
Franconia–Springfield (Rush+)
Mount Vernon Square (rush peak)
Fort Totten (all other times)
Greenbelt (Rush+)
Silver Line Silver LineN/A28 (34 for Phase II)Wiehle–Reston East
Route 772 (2018)
Largo Town Center

Stations[edit]

Pylon by the entrance to the Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter Station
Passengers boarding a train at the Bethesda Metro Station
Greenbelt Station, one of the termini of the Green Line
Crossvault of the L'Enfant Plaza Station
Platform of the Silver Spring Station on a rainy day
Union Station, the busiest station in the Washington Metrorail system
The longest continuous escalator in the western hemisphere, at the Wheaton Station[7]
Vaulted ceiling at Farragut West
Largo Town Center station, one of the newest stations
Time-lapse of a train leaving Foggy Bottom - GWU
Arlington Cemetery station on a snowy day
Elevated platform at National Airport
Upper level at Fort Totten
*Official transfer stations
daggerTerminals
**Transfer station and terminal
Station[4]Lines[4]Jurisdiction[6]Average weekday
boardings[5][c]
Opened[6]
Addison RoadBlue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland3,626November 22, 1980
AnacostiaGreen Line Green LineDistrict of Columbia7,479December 28, 1991
ArchivesGreen Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia9,565April 30, 1983
Arlington CemeteryBlue Line Blue LineVirginia1,866July 1, 1977
Ballston–MUOrange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia12,016December 11, 1979
Benning RoadBlue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia3,241November 22, 1980
BethesdaRed Line Red LineMaryland10,765August 25, 1984
Braddock RoadBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia4,559December 17, 1983
Branch AvenuedaggerGreen Line Green LineMaryland6,660January 13, 2001
Brookland–CUARed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia6,567February 6, 1978
Capitol HeightsBlue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland2,150November 22, 1980
Capitol SouthBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia9,194July 1, 1977
CheverlyOrange Line Orange LineMaryland1,543November 20, 1978
ClarendonOrange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia4,414December 11, 1979
Cleveland ParkRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia4,676December 5, 1981
College Park – University of MarylandGreen Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland4,768December 11, 1993
Columbia Heights [a]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia12,386September 18, 1999
Congress HeightsGreen Line Green LineDistrict of Columbia2,819January 13, 2001
Court HouseOrange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia7,483December 11, 1979
Crystal CityBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia15,187July 1, 1977
DeanwoodOrange Line Orange LineDistrict of Columbia1,844November 20, 1978
Dunn LoringOrange Line Orange LineVirginia5,310June 7, 1986
Dupont CircleRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia22,721January 17, 1977
East Falls Church*Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia4,102June 7, 1986
Eastern MarketBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia6,262July 1, 1977
Eisenhower AvenueYellow Line Yellow LineVirginia2,094December 17, 1983
Farragut NorthRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia23,796March 29, 1976
Farragut WestBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia22,575July 1, 1977
Federal Center SWBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia6,011July 1, 1977
Federal TriangleBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia10,258July 1, 1977
Foggy Bottom – GWUBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia21,318July 1, 1977
Forest GlenRed Line Red LineMaryland2,365September 22, 1990
Fort Totten** (lower level)[a][b]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia7,364December 11, 1993
Fort Totten* (upper level)[b]Red Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia7,364February 6, 1978
Franconia–SpringfielddaggerBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Virginia9,543June 29, 1997
Friendship HeightsRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia9,957August 25, 1984
Gallery Place* (lower level)[b]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia25,777April 30, 1983
Gallery Place* (upper level)[b]Red Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia25,777December 15, 1976
Georgia Avenue – Petworth [a]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia6,027September 18, 1999
GlenmontdaggerRed Line Red LineMaryland5,850July 25, 1998
GreensboroSilver Line Silver LineVirginiaJuly 26, 2014
GreenbeltdaggerGreen Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland6,923December 11, 1993
Grosvenor–StrathmoreRed Line Red LineMaryland5,876August 25, 1984
HuntingtondaggerYellow Line Yellow LineVirginia9,184December 17, 1983
Judiciary SquareRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia9,643March 29, 1976
King Street – Old Town*Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia9,306December 17, 1983
L'Enfant Plaza* (lower level)[b]Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia22,067July 1, 1977
L'Enfant Plaza* (upper level)[b]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia22,067April 30, 1983
LandoverOrange Line Orange LineMaryland2,478November 20, 1978
Largo Town CenterdaggerBlue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland5,111December 18, 2004
McLeanSilver Line Silver LineVirginiaJuly 26, 2014
McPherson SquareBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia16,873July 1, 1977
Medical CenterRed Line Red LineMaryland5,866August 25, 1984
Metro Center* (lower level)[b]Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia28,983July 1, 1977
Metro Center* (upper level)[b]Red Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia28,983March 29, 1976
Minnesota AvenueOrange Line Orange LineDistrict of Columbia3,274November 20, 1978
Morgan BoulevardBlue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland1,736December 18, 2004
Mount Vernon Square**Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia3,813May 11, 1991
Navy Yard – BallparkGreen Line Green LineDistrict of Columbia8,249December 28, 1991
Naylor RoadGreen Line Green LineMaryland3,047January 13, 2001
New CarrolltondaggerOrange Line Orange LineMaryland9,940November 20, 1978
NoMa – Gallaudet UniversityRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia7,461November 20, 2004
Pentagon*Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia16,999July 1, 1977
Pentagon CityBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia17,023July 1, 1977
Potomac AvenueBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia4,050July 1, 1977
Prince George's PlazaGreen Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland5,374December 11, 1993
Rhode Island Avenue – BrentwoodRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia5,227March 29, 1976
RockvilleRed Line Red LineMaryland4,812December 15, 1984
Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia6,739July 1, 1977
Rosslyn*Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia17,158July 1, 1977
Shady GrovedaggerRed Line Red LineMaryland13,856December 15, 1984
Shaw – Howard University [a]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia4,439May 11, 1991
Silver SpringRed Line Red LineMaryland13,471February 6, 1978
SmithsonianBlue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia12,603July 1, 1977
Southern AvenueGreen Line Green LineMaryland5,776January 13, 2001
Spring HillSilver Line Silver LineVirginiaJuly 26, 2014
Stadium–Armory*Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia3,077July 1, 1977
SuitlandGreen Line Green LineMaryland6,417January 13, 2001
TakomaRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia6,488February 6, 1978
Tenleytown–AURed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia6,677August 25, 1984
TwinbrookRed Line Red LineMaryland4,773December 15, 1984
Tysons CornerSilver Line Silver LineVirginiaJuly 26, 2014
U Street [a]Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia7,048May 11, 1991
Union StationRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia33,697March 29, 1976
Van Dorn StreetBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Virginia3,653June 15, 1991
Van Ness – UDCRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia7,559December 5, 1981
ViennadaggerOrange Line Orange LineVirginia13,682June 7, 1986
Virginia Square – GMUOrange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia3,953December 11, 1979
WaterfrontGreen Line Green LineDistrict of Columbia4,236December 28, 1991
West Falls ChurchOrange Line Orange LineVirginia10,740June 7, 1986
West HyattsvilleGreen Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland3,855December 11, 1993
WheatonRed Line Red LineMaryland4,472September 22, 1990
White FlintRed Line Red LineMaryland4,266December 15, 1984
Wiehle – Reston EastdaggerSilver Line Silver LineVirginiaJuly 26, 2014
Woodley ParkRed Line Red LineDistrict of Columbia7,864December 5, 1981

Planned stations[edit]

A sign marking the planned site of the Potomac Yard station

Phase 2 of the Silver Line is tentatively planned to open in 2018.[8] When finished, the line's western terminus will be Route 772.

Potomac Yard is to be an infill station between Braddock Road and National Airport on the Yellow and Blue lines.[9]

Station[10]Lines[10]State[10]Projected Opening
Dulles International AirportSilver Line Silver LineVirginia2018[8]
HerndonSilver Line Silver LineVirginia2018[8]
Innovation CenterSilver Line Silver LineVirginia2018[8]
Potomac YardBlue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia2016[9]
Reston Town CenterSilver Line Silver LineVirginia2018[8]
Route 606Silver Line Silver LineVirginia2018[8]
Route 772Silver Line Silver LineVirginia2018[8]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heavy Rail Transit Ridership Report" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. First Quarter 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8246-X. 
  3. ^ "WMATA History" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Stations". Metrorail Website. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved August 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. June 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "Metro Media Guide" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Metro Facts" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Silver Line". Fairfax County, Virginia. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Goodman, Christy (2010). "Potomac Yard Metro funding approved". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c "Dulles Metrorail Map and Station Information". Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  11. ^ Weiss, Eric M (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.