List of United States cities by population density

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Guttenberg, New Jersey, is the most densely populated incorporated place in the United States.[1] Seen in this image are the Galaxy Towers, which are just across the Hudson River from Manhattan. The Galaxy Towers contain 1,075 apartments.[2]
Map of Hudson County, New Jersey, with Union City highlighted, the second densest incorporated place. Guttenberg is the small, skinny town above and to the right of Union City. 10 of the 12 municipalities in Hudson County have densities over 10,000.[3] Union City is sometimes regarded as "the most densely populated city in the U.S.",[4] which is partially true because Guttenberg is officially a town.[5]

The following is a list of incorporated places in the United States with a population density of over 10,000 people per square mile. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an incorporated place is defined as a place that has a self-governing local government and as such has been "incorporated" by the state it is in. Each state has different laws defining how a place can be incorporated and so an "incorporated place" as recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau can designate a variety of places, such as a city, town, village, borough, and township.[a]

The other type of place defined by the U.S. Census Bureau for statistical purposes are census-designated places. Census-designated places are distinct from incorporated places because they do not have a local government and thus depend on higher government bodies, such as a county, for governance. Census-designated places are defined as being in an unincorporated area. Census-designated places that have a population density of over 10,000 people per square mile are listed in a separate table below. The five boroughs of New York City, and the census-designated places of Puerto Rico that have densities over 10,000, are also listed in separate tables below.

Incorporated places with a density of over 10,000 people per square mile[edit]

The following data about the most densely populated incorporated places in the United States is from the U.S. Census Bureau and is from the 2000 U.S. Census.[6][7] The following ranking is made up of incorporated places of any population, but also of interest may be lists compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau of all places with at least 50,000 population, arranged alphabetically by state,[8] and ranked by total population;[9] the population density for each place is also given in the lists.

The population density is calculated by dividing the population by the land area so that it represents the number of people living in one square mile of land area. The population densities listed in the table below do not work out to be exactly the result of dividing the listed population by the listed land area because the land areas have been rounded off to two decimal places, but the population densities were calculated before rounding the land area figures. The land area figures are calculated using the U.S. Census Bureau's TIGER system. The U.S. Census Bureau has released the exact land area figures for all places in the U.S. in square meters and square miles;[10] the exact land areas are the figures used for calculating the population densities seen in the table below.

The list below only includes incorporated places of the fifty states. Unincorporated census-designated places, places in Puerto Rico, and the five boroughs of New York City are all listed in separate tables below. The District of Columbia would be included in the list, but Washington, D.C. misses the 10,000 mark as it has a population density of 9,316.4 as of the 2000 U.S. Census.[11]

Principal cities (those not a part of a larger city's metro area) in bold.

RankIncorporated placeMetropolitan areaStatePopulation
(2010 census)
Land area
(mi2)
Population density
(people per mi2)
1GuttenbergNew York CityNew Jersey11,1760.1958,821
2Union CityNew York CityNew Jersey66,4551.2752,326.7
3West New YorkNew York CityNew Jersey49,7081.0248,733.3
4HobokenNew York CityNew Jersey50,0051.2839,066.4
5KaserNew York CityNew York4,7240.1727,788.2
6New York CityNew York CityNew York8,175,133303.3126,953
7Cliffside ParkNew York CityNew Jersey23,5940.9624,577.1
8East NewarkNew York CityNew Jersey2,4060.1024,060
9MaywoodLos AngelesCalifornia27,3951.1823,216.1
10PassaicNew York CityNew Jersey69,7813.1122,437.6
11Great Neck PlazaNew York CityNew York6,7070.3121,635.4
12North Bay VillageMiamiFlorida7,1370.3321,627.2
13CudahyLos AngelesCalifornia23,8051.1221,254.4
14Huntington ParkLos AngelesCalifornia58,1143.0319,179.5
15SomervilleBostonMassachusetts75,7544.1118,431.6
16West HollywoodLos AngelesCalifornia34,3991.8818,297.3
17Irvington[b]New York CityNew Jersey53,9262.9618,218.2
18Poplar HillsLouisvilleKentucky3620.0218,100.0
19PatersonNew York CityNew Jersey146,1998.4417,322.2
20San FranciscoSan FranciscoCalifornia805,23546.6917,246.4
21Bell GardensLos AngelesCalifornia42,0722.4916,896
22SweetwaterMiamiFlorida13,4990.8216,461.2
23East OrangeNew York CityNew Jersey64,2703.9316,377.1
24Central FallsProvidenceRhode Island19,3761.2916,146.7
25Jersey CityNew York CityNew Jersey240,05514.9216,093.7
26ChelseaBostonMassachusetts35,0802.1916,036.8
27LawndaleLos AngelesCalifornia31,7111.9816,036.7
28Weehawken[b]New York CityNew Jersey13,5010.8515,891.3
29South Floral ParkNew York CityNew York1,5780.1015,776.3
30CambridgeBostonMassachusetts101,3556.4315,766.1
31Mount VernonNew York CityNew York68,3814.3615,689.3
32FairviewNew York CityNew Jersey13,2550.8515,585.5
33Long BeachNew York CityNew York33,2752.1415,549
34Hawaiian GardensLos AngelesCalifornia14,7790.9615,389.5
35Stone ParkChicagoIllinois5,1270.3315,378.2
36HempsteadNew York CityNew York56,5543.6815,366.1
37Sunny Isles BeachMiamiFlorida15,3151.0115,231.1
38Orange[b]New York CityNew Jersey32,8682.2114,903.7
39BellLos AngelesCalifornia36,6642.4814,802.5
40CiceroChicagoIllinois85,6165.8514,645.2
41LynwoodLos AngelesCalifornia69,8454.8514,389.2
42Palisades ParkNew York CityNew Jersey17,0731.2114,112.4
43Fort LeeNew York CityNew Jersey35,4612.5314,001.7
44GarfieldNew York CityNew Jersey29,7862.1313,976.0
45HawthorneLos AngelesCalifornia84,1126.0613,879.4
46BerwynChicagoIllinois54,0163.8913,876.2
47Bay Harbor IslandsMiamiFlorida5,1460.3713,875.4
48MillbournePhiladelphiaPennsylvania9430.0713,749.1
49Daly CitySan FranciscoCalifornia103,6217.5613,703.8
50Elmwood ParkChicagoIllinois25,4051.9113,328.4
51BostonBostonMassachusetts645,14948.4313,321.0
52South GateLos AngelesCalifornia96,3757.3713,084.6
53ManorhavenNew York CityNew York6,1380.4713,055.6
54Mount RainierWashington, D.C.Maryland8,4980.6513,038.5
55Hermosa BeachLos AngelesCalifornia18,5661.4312,982.4
56WoodlynnePhiladelphiaNew Jersey2,7960.2212,939.4
57Island ParkNew York CityNew York4,7320.3712,865.7
58New SquareNew York CityNew York4,6240.3612,811.8
59ChicagoChicagoIllinois2,695,598227.1311,868
60Pennsbury VillagePittsburghPennsylvania7380.0612,710.3
61DarbyPhiladelphiaPennsylvania10,2990.8212,624.5
62DormontPittsburghPennsylvania9,3050.7412,563.3
63East LansdownePhiladelphiaPennsylvania2,5860.2112,517.6
64Miami BeachMiamiFlorida87,9337.0312,502.1
65Santa AnaLos AngelesCalifornia337,97727.1412,451.9
66InglewoodLos AngelesCalifornia112,5809.1412,323.6
67BelleroseNew York CityNew York1,1730.1012,207.3
68El MonteLos AngelesCalifornia115,9659.5512,139.5
69Spring ValleyNew York CityNew York25,4642.1012,122.7
70Prospect ParkNew York CityNew Jersey5,7790.4812,043.7
71BellflowerLos AngelesCalifornia72,8786.0711,999.5
72StantonLos AngelesCalifornia37,4033.1211,971.0
73Kiryas JoelNew York CityNew York13,1381.1011,962.2
74Mobile CityDallasTexas1960.0211,911.3
75Asbury ParkNew York CityNew Jersey16,9301.4311,842.0
76Port ChesterNew York CityNew York27,8672.3611,824.7
77HarrisonNew York CityNew Jersey14,4241.2211,811.1
78HialeahMiamiFlorida226,41919.2411,767.3
79La PuenteLos AngelesCalifornia41,0633.4911,757.3
80San PabloSan FranciscoCalifornia30,2152.5811,726.9
81Mount OliverPittsburghPennsylvania3,9700.3411,720.0
82ParamountLos AngelesCalifornia55,2664.7311,678.3
83Floral ParkNew York CityNew York15,9671.3711,635.9
84WallingtonNew York CityNew Jersey11,5831.0011,632.5
85Shrewsbury[b]New York CityNew Jersey1,0980.0911,624.7
86East Palo AltoSan FranciscoCalifornia29,5062.5511,585.5
87Williston ParkNew York CityNew York7,2610.6311,564.8
88NewarkNew York CityNew Jersey273,54623.8011,495.0
89KenmoreBuffaloNew York16,4261.4411,437.2
90Baldwin ParkLos AngelesCalifornia75,8376.6611,379.2
91New Hyde ParkNew York CityNew York9,5230.8411,281.8
92AlhambraLos AngelesCalifornia85,8047.6211,257.3
93EverettBostonMassachusetts38,0373.3811,241.1
94PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,517,550135.0911,233.6
95North Bergen[b]New York CityNew Jersey58,0925.2011,179.6
96Oak ParkChicagoIllinois52,5244.7011,173.4
97TrentonNew York CityNew Jersey85,4037.6611,153.6
98MaldenBostonMassachusetts56,3405.0711,102.9
99Johnson CityPortlandOregon6340.0611,061.5
100BayonneNew York CityNew Jersey61,8425.6310,992.2
101HamtramckDetroitMichigan22,9762.1110,900.5
102ParksidePhiladelphiaPennsylvania2,2670.2110,897.8
103Clifton HeightsPhiladelphiaPennsylvania6,7790.6210,882.5
104Roselle ParkNew York CityNew Jersey13,2811.2210,855.7
105YonkersNew York CityNew York196,08618.0810,847.5
106BogotaNew York CityNew Jersey8,2490.7610,841.3
107BerkeleySan FranciscoCalifornia112,58010.4710,752.6
108Belleville[b]New York CityNew Jersey35,9283.3410,744.3
109NorwalkLos AngelesCalifornia103,2989.6810,667.6
110LodiNew York CityNew Jersey23,9712.2610,590.6
111Victory GardensNew York CityNew Jersey1,5460.1510,582.6
112LomitaLos AngelesCalifornia20,0461.9010,572.7
113Valley StreamNew York CityNew York36,3683.4410,569.5
114RosemeadLos AngelesCalifornia53,5055.1510,398.3
115Upper Darby[c]PhiladelphiaPennsylvania81,8217.8710,397.7
116AlbanySan FranciscoCalifornia18,5391.7910,368.6
117HackensackNew York CityNew Jersey42,6774.1210,358.3
118LawrenceBostonMassachusetts72,0436.9610,351.4
119MineolaNew York CityNew York19,2341.8610,337.3
120LakewoodClevelandOhio56,6465.5510,208.5
121TuckahoeNew York CityNew York6,2110.6110,188.8
122East RockawayNew York CityNew York10,4141.0210,187.6
123Santa MonicaLos AngelesCalifornia84,0848.2610,178.7
124MiamiMiamiFlorida362,47035.6710,160.9
125ArtesiaLos AngelesCalifornia16,3801.6210,126.1
126Harwood HeightsChicagoIllinois8,2970.8210,094.4
127Redondo BeachLos AngelesCalifornia63,2616.2810,065.4

Census-designated places[edit]

The following is a list of unincorporated census-designated places with population densities of over 10,000 people per square mile as of the 2000 U.S. Census.[6][7] The rank column indicates the rank the place would have if it was included in the above table of incorporated places.

RankCensus-designated placeMetropolitan areaStatePopulation
(2000 census)
Land area
(mi2)
Population density
(people per mi2)
1Friendship VillageWashington, D.C.Maryland4,5120.0681,991.7
7Buena VistaSan FranciscoCalifornia1,7040.0724,099.1
11Bellerose TerraceNew York CityNew York2,1570.1022,212.2
12Walnut ParkLos AngelesCalifornia16,1800.7421,919.0
15LennoxLos AngelesCalifornia22,9501.0821,257.5
20Langley ParkWashington, D.C.Maryland16,2140.8219,678.8
24East ComptonLos AngelesCalifornia9,2860.5217,945.9
29WestmontLos AngelesCalifornia31,6231.8517,103.0
31Florence-GrahamLos AngelesCalifornia60,1973.5816,799.7
32East Los AngelesLos AngelesCalifornia124,2837.4416,697.4
41Loch LomondMiamiFlorida3,5370.2315,711.2
44Ewa GentryHonoluluHawaii4,9390.3215,627.7
50Ramblewood EastMiamiFlorida1,3950.0914,932.7
56RollingwoodSan FranciscoCalifornia2,9000.2114,036.3
60South San Jose HillsLos AngelesCalifornia20,2181.4613,876.4
63Franklin ParkMiamiFlorida9430.0713,817.5
66FountainbleauMiamiFlorida59,5494.4013,524.7
68North Fair OaksSan FranciscoCalifornia15,4401.1713,221.9
74West Puente ValleyLos AngelesCalifornia22,5891.7512,908.0
75WaipahuHonoluluHawaii33,1082.5712,882.8
78Seven CornersWashington, D.C.Virginia8,7010.6812,773.2
91Alum RockSan FranciscoCalifornia13,4791.1212,044.7
96Ocean GroveNew York CityNew Jersey4,2560.3611,956.5
98CherrylandSan FranciscoCalifornia13,8371.1711,859.2
102CitrusLos AngelesCalifornia10,5810.9011,784.8
105BurbankSan FranciscoCalifornia5,2390.4511,748.6
117AshlandSan FranciscoCalifornia20,7931.8411,284.9
119Bailey's CrossroadsWashington, D.C.Virginia23,1662.0511,276.0
123Kendall WestMiamiFlorida38,0343.3911,218.6
136ValindaLos AngelesCalifornia21,7762.0110,830.8
139HuntingtonWashington, D.C.Virginia8,3250.7810,665.6
144Village ParkHonoluluHawaii9,6250.9210,490.0
149Ewa BeachHonoluluHawaii14,6501.4210,341.4
151South WhittierLos AngelesCalifornia55,1935.3810,257.7
156Franklin SquareNew York CityNew York29,3422.8910,169.2
161VincentLos AngelesCalifornia15,0971.5010,039.3

New York City boroughs[edit]

The following lists the population densities of the five boroughs of New York City as of the 2010 U.S. Census.[12] The rank column indicates the rank they would have if included in the above table of incorporated places. Staten Island has a population density below 10,000 but it is included for comparative purposes.

RankBoroughMetropolitan areaStatePopulation
(2010 census)
Land area
(mi2)
Population density
(people per mi2)
1ManhattanNew York CityNew York1,537,19522.8369,467.5
5BrooklynNew York CityNew York2,504,70070.8235,369.1
6The BronxNew York CityNew York1,385,10842.1032,903.6
16QueensNew York CityNew York2,230,722108.5320,553.6
Staten IslandNew York CityNew York468,73058.378,030.3

Puerto Rico[edit]

The following lists the census-designated places in Puerto Rico that have a population density of over 10,000 people per square mile as of the 2000 U.S. Census.[13] The census-designated places in Puerto Rico include zonas urbanas (urban areas) and comunidades (communities). The municipality, or municipio, the place is located in is also included in the table below. The municipalities are what is thought of as "incorporated places" in Puerto Rico because there are no subordinate governments within them, only eight electoral districts which hold no administrative functions (the electoral districts are what generally constitute the census-designated places in this list below). No municipalities have a density over 10,000 as of the 2000 U.S. Census; the San Juan Municipio is the densest at 9,084.4 people per square mile.[14] The Jayuya municipality is not part of any metropolitan area as it is only part of the Jayuya micropolitan area (see Puerto Rico census statistical areas). The rank column indicates the rank the place would have if included in the above table of incorporated places.

RankCensus-designated placeMetropolitan areaMunicipalityPopulation
(2000 census)
Land area
(mi2)
Population density
(people per mi2)
43San IsidroSan JuanCanóvanas8,0710.5714,057.8
52LevittownSan JuanToa Baja30,1402.2713,279.1
53SuárezSan JuanLoíza2,2760.1713,189.1
64ViequesSan JuanLoíza4,3250.3412,579.2
69CampanillaSan JuanToa Baja7,7570.6312,328.4
105El OjoPonceSanta Isabel1,7130.1611,034.4
110AguadaAguadillaAguada3,8710.3610,877.8
115San JuanSan JuanSan Juan421,95839.4710,690.8
126Peña PobreSan JuanNaguabo1,0240.1010,308.7
127JayuyaJayuya3,5160.3410,218.4
136ComeríoSan JuanComerío4,4780.4510,029.7

Distributions[edit]

The following distributions only include the 125 incorporated places with population densities over 10,000 people per square mile. They do not include the 36 census-designated places, the boroughs of New York City, or the 11 places in Puerto Rico with densities over 10,000.

Metropolitan areas[edit]

The following ranks United States metropolitan areas by the number of incorporated places with densities over 10,000 within them. If two or more metropolitan areas have the same number of incorporated places, as is the case of the eight metros with one place, the metro areas are ranked by the densest incorporated place within the metro area.

RankMetropolitan areaPrincipal city10,000+ placesDensest incorporated placeDensity
1New York metropolitan areaNew York City55Guttenberg56,012.0
2Greater Los Angeles AreaLos Angeles27Maywood23,887.2
3Delaware ValleyPhiladelphia8Millbourne13,749.1
4Miami metropolitan areaMiami7North Bay Village20,267.1
5Greater BostonBoston7Somerville18,868.1
6ChicagolandChicago7Stone Park15,378.2
7San Francisco Bay AreaSan Francisco6San Francisco17,246.4
8Pittsburgh metropolitan areaPittsburgh3Pennsbury Village12,710.3
9Louisville-Jefferson County metropolitan areaLouisville1Poplar Hills17,036.0
10Providence metropolitan areaProvidence1Central Falls15,652.0
11Washington Metropolitan AreaWashington, D.C.1Mount Rainier13,038.5
12Dallas–Fort Worth MetroplexDallas1Mobile City11,911.3
13Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan areaBuffalo1Kenmore11,437.2
14Portland metropolitan areaPortland1Johnson City11,061.5
15Metro DetroitDetroit1Hamtramck10,900.5
16Greater ClevelandCleveland1Lakewood10,208.5

States[edit]

The following ranks U.S. states by the number of incorporated places with densities over 10,000 within them. The "10,000+ places" column only includes incorporated places, it does not include census-designated places (CDPs). If two or more states have the same number of places, as is the case of the 36 states that contain no incorporated places with a density over 10,000, the states are ranked by the densest incorporated place within the state. The density figures for the densest incorporated place within each state are from the 2000 U.S. Census, and all the data for this ranking is from the U.S. Census Bureau.[6][7]

Hawaii officially does not contain any incorporated places, as the city of Honolulu is coextensive with Honolulu County, which makes up the whole island of Oahu. When the U.S. Census Bureau ranks incorporated places by population, it usually includes the Honolulu census-designated place, which is the urban center of Honolulu, in its ranking of incorporated places.[15] Therefore, for this list of the densest incorporated places by state, the Honolulu CDP is considered the densest incorporated place in Hawaii. The District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are also included in this list, but are unranked so that the ranking includes only the 50 states. Puerto Rico also officially does not contain any incorporated places, as the lowest form of local government in Puerto Rico are the municipios, which are equivalent to counties. For this ranking, the municipios are counted as the incorporated places in Puerto Rico, and the San Juan Municipio is the densest.

RankState10,000+ placesDensest incorporated placeDensity
1New Jersey33Guttenberg56,012.0
2California33Maywood23,887.2
3New York23New York City26,402.9
4Pennsylvania10Millbourne13,749.1
5Florida7North Bay Village20,267.1
6Massachusetts7Somerville18,868.1
7Illinois7Stone Park15,378.2
8Kentucky1Poplar Hills17,036.0
9Rhode Island1Central Falls15,652.0
10Maryland1Mount Rainier13,038.5
11Texas1Mobile City11,911.3
12Oregon1Johnson City11,061.5
13Michigan1Hamtramck10,900.5
14Ohio1Lakewood10,208.5
15Missouri0Velda City9,872.8
District of Columbia0Washington9,316.4
Puerto Rico0San Juan9,084.4
16Idaho0Huetter9,044.4
17Minnesota0Landfall8,996.8
18Connecticut0Bridgeport8,720.9
19Wisconsin0Shorewood8,599.5
20Virginia0Alexandria8,452.0
21Colorado0Glendale8,241.3
22Delaware0Bellefonte7,102.7
23Georgia0Clarkston6,856.3
24Arizona0Guadalupe6,813.9
25Washington0Seattle6,717.0
26Kansas0Westwood Hills5,512.0
27Mississippi0Sidon5,394.7
28Utah0Taylorsville5,376.1
29Indiana0West Lafayette5,219.6
30Louisiana0Harahan5,023.5
31Vermont0Winooski4,586.1
32Hawaii0Honolulu4,336.6
33Nevada0Las Vegas4,222.5
34Nebraska0La Vista4,114.8
35Oklahoma0The Village3,999.8
36Montana0Browning3,911.2
37North Carolina0Carrboro3,753.7
38North Dakota0Fort Yates3,688.4
39Iowa0University Heights3,626.3
40Alabama0Fairfield3,503.8
41West Virginia0Chesapeake3,487.3
42Arkansas0Mitchellville3,322.5
43New Hampshire0Manchester3,241.4
44Wyoming0Jackson3,037.2
45Maine0Portland3,029.2
46New Mexico0Bayard2,916.4
47South Dakota0Tea2,877.8
48South Carolina0Irmo2,670.2
49Tennessee0East Ridge2,497.3
50Alaska0Ketchikan2,348.6

Populations[edit]

View of New York City from an airplane. Lower Manhattan is in the center of the image, Brooklyn is across the East River below Manhattan, and above Manhattan across the Hudson River is Hudson County, New Jersey.
View of downtown Chicago, seen from the Willis Tower. The tall, black building in the center of the image is the John Hancock Center, and Lake Michigan is in the background.
View of the skyscrapers of Center City, Philadelphia, the downtown part of the city. The image was taken from the steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

New York City, Chicago, and Philadelphia are the only incorporated places in the United States that have a population over 1,000,000 and a population density over 10,000 people per square mile.

Population10,000+ incorporated places
1,000,000+3
100,000 – 999,99914
50,000 – 99,99929
10,000 – 49,99948
1,000 – 9,99926
0 – 9995

Land areas[edit]

Land area10,000+ incorporated places
100.00+3
10.00 – 99.998
5.00 – 9.9923
2.50 – 4.9920
1.00 – 2.4933
0.00 – 0.9938

Population densities[edit]

Population density10,000+ incorporated places
30,000.0+4
20,000.0 – 29,999.910
15,000.0 – 19,999.923
12,000.0 – 14,999.933
11,000.0 – 11,999.929
10,000.0 – 10,999.926

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Townships are a special case because in many states townships do not act as incorporated places, but townships in New Jersey and townships in Pennsylvania are civil townships and do act as self-governing municipalities, and for most purposes are equivalent to other "incorporated" places as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Because these municipalities have local governments and are essentially incorporated in the state, townships in these two states are included in the list. Home Rule Municipalities in Pennsylvania, some of which retain the name "Township", are not civil townships under Pennsylvania law, but are not recognized as a separate category of places by the U.S. Census Bureau. Sometimes the U.S. Census Bureau regards these places as minor civil divisions and not "incorporated", as it also sometimes does to New England towns. However, all places in New England on this list are classified as cities and so do not have this problem, as cities in New England are regarded as "incorporated" by the U.S. Census Bureau.
  2. ^ a b c d e f This New Jersey municipality is officially a township and is sometimes not regarded as "incorporated" by the U.S. Census Bureau. See the explanation above in the first note for why it is included in this list of incorporated places.
  3. ^ This Pennsylvania municipality, although officially bearing the name "Township", is actually a Home Rule Municipality which is not subject to the Pennsylvania Township Code. However, the U.S. Census Bureau does not recognize Home Rule Municipalities as a separate category of incorporated place; therefore, it is sometimes not regarded as "incorporated" by the U.S. Census Bureau. See the explanation above in the first note for why it is included in this list of incorporated places.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whelan, Jeff; Donohue, Brian (2008-04-29). "Guttenberg mayor, wife found guilty of extortion, tax charges". The Star-Ledger. New Jersey On-Line. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  2. ^ "Galaxy Brochure". Galaxytowers.com. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  3. ^ "Hudson County, New Jersey by County Subdivision and Place". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  4. ^ Education Development Center, Center for Children and Technology; Union City, New Jersey, Board of Education (2000-08-15). "The Transformation of Union City: 1989 to Present" (PDF). CCT Reports. Education Development Center, Center for Children and Technology. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  5. ^ "New Jersey by Place and County Subdivision". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  6. ^ a b c "Land Area, Population, and Density for Places and (in selected states) County Subdivisions: 2000". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2009-05-28. 
  7. ^ a b c "Geographic Comparison Tables – State – Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision (geographies ranked by total population)". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  8. ^ "United States by Places and (in selected states) County Subdivisions with 50,000 or More Population; and for Puerto Rico (geographies ranked alphabetically by state)". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  9. ^ "United States by Places and (in selected states) County Subdivisions with 50,000 or More Population; and for Puerto Rico (geographies ranked by total population)". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. 2002-01-10. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  11. ^ "District of Columbia by Place". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  12. ^ "New York by Place and County Subdivision". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  13. ^ "Puerto Rico by Place". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  14. ^ "Puerto Rico by Municipio". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  15. ^ "Incorporated Places of 100,000 or More, Ranked by Population: 2000" (ASCII). United States Census Bureau, Census 2000 Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Summary File and 1990 Census. 2001-04-02. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 

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