List of United States Supreme Court Justices by time in office

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13,358 days
William O. Douglas
from 1939 to 1975
12,614 days
Stephen Johnson Field
from 1863 to 1897
12,611 days
John Paul Stevens
from 1975 to 2010
12,570 days
John Marshall
from 1801 to 1835
12,447 days
Hugo Black
from 1937 to 1971
12,360 days
John Marshall Harlan
from 1877 to 1911
1,028 days
Arthur Goldberg
from 1962 to 1965
887 days
Howell Edmunds Jackson
from 1893 to 1895
801 days
Robert Trimble
from 1826 to 1828
563 days
John Rutledge
from 1790 to 1791 and in 1795
452 days
James F. Byrnes
from 1941 to 1942
163 days
Thomas Johnson
from 1792 to 1793

112 Justices have served on the Supreme Court of the United States, the highest judicial body in the United States. Justices have life tenure, and so serve until they die in office, resign or retire, or are impeached and removed from office (which has never happened; the one impeached Justice was acquitted). Of the current Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices, the longest serving is Justice Antonin Scalia, for a term to date of 10,314 days (28 years). For the 103 non-incumbent justices, the mean length of service was 6,112 days (16.7 years) with a standard deviation of 3,620 days (9.9 years). The median length of service was 5,740 days (15.7 years). Their period of service ranges from William O. Douglas's 13,358 days (36 years) on the Court to the 163–day tenure of Thomas Johnson.

A nominee who was confirmed by the United States Senate but declined to serve, such as Robert H. Harrison, or who died before taking his seat, such as Edwin M. Stanton, is not considered to have served as a Justice.[1][2] The Term Start date is the day the Justice took the oath of office,[1] with the Term End date being the date of the Justice's death, resignation, or retirement.[1] A highlighted row indicates that the Justice is currently serving on the Court.[3]

Justices[edit]

Rank by
length
of term
JusticeTerm
in
days
Term Start[1]Term End[1]
1Douglas, William O.William O. Douglas13,358April 17, 1939November 12, 1975
2Field, Stephen JohnsonStephen Johnson Field12,614May 20, 1863December 1, 1897
3Stevens, John PaulJohn Paul Stevens12,611December 19, 1975June 29, 2010
4Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall*12,570February 4, 1801July 6, 1835
5Black, HugoHugo Black12,447August 19, 1937September 17, 1971
6Harlan, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan12,360December 10, 1877October 14, 1911
7Brennan, Jr., William J.William J. Brennan, Jr.12,330October 16, 1956July 20, 1990
8Rehnquist, WilliamWilliam Rehnquist*12,293January 7, 1972September 3, 2005
9Story, JosephJoseph Story12,273February 3, 1812September 10, 1845
10Wayne, James MooreJames Moore Wayne11,860January 14, 1835July 5, 1867
11McLean, JohnJohn McLean11,406January 11, 1830April 4, 1861
12White, ByronByron White11,396April 16, 1962June 28, 1993
13Washington, BushrodBushrod Washington11,252February 4, 1799November 26, 1829
14Johnson, WilliamWilliam Johnson11,046May 7, 1804August 4, 1834
15Holmes, Oliver WendellOliver Wendell Holmes10,627December 8, 1902January 12, 1932
16Taney, Roger B.Roger B. Taney*10,425March 28, 1836October 12, 1864
17Scalia, AntoninAntonin Scalia10,314September 26, 1986Incumbent
18Miller, Samuel FreemanSamuel Freeman Miller10,311July 21, 1862October 13, 1890
19Catron, JohnJohn Catron10,256May 1, 1837May 30, 1865
20Nelson, SamuelSamuel Nelson10,136February 27, 1845November 28, 1872
21White, Edward DouglassEdward Douglass White*9,929March 12, 1894May 19, 1921
22McKenna, JosephJoseph McKenna9,840January 26, 1898January 5, 1925
23Kennedy, AnthonyAnthony Kennedy9,804February 18, 1988Incumbent
24Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter9,647January 3, 1911June 2, 1937
25McReynolds, James ClarkJames Clark McReynolds9,608October 12, 1914January 31, 1941
26O'Connor, Sandra DaySandra Day O'Connor8,894September 25, 1981January 31, 2006
27Blackmun, HarryHarry Blackmun8,821June 9, 1970August 3, 1994
28Marshall, ThurgoodThurgood Marshall8,765October 2, 1967October 1, 1991
29Frankfurter, FelixFelix Frankfurter8,611January 30, 1939August 28, 1962
30Clifford, NathanNathan Clifford8,586January 21, 1858July 25, 1881
31Grier, Robert CooperRobert Cooper Grier8,575August 10, 1846January 31, 1870
32Thomas, ClarenceClarence Thomas8,461October 23, 1991Incumbent
33Duvall, GabrielGabriel Duvall8,453November 23, 1811January 14, 1835
34Stewart, PotterPotter Stewart8,298October 14, 1958July 3, 1981
35Brandeis, LouisLouis Brandeis8,288June 5, 1916February 13, 1939
36Bradley, Joseph P.Joseph P. Bradley7,975March 23, 1870January 22, 1892
37Fuller, MelvilleMelville Fuller*7,938October 8, 1888July 4, 1910
38Ginsburg, Ruth BaderRuth Bader Ginsburg7,804August 10, 1993Incumbent
39Stone, Harlan F.Harlan F. Stone*7,721March 2, 1925April 22, 1946
40Gray, HoraceHorace Gray7,553January 9, 1882September 15, 1902
41Cushing, WilliamWilliam Cushing7,527February 2, 1790September 13, 1810
42Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer7,446August 3, 1994Incumbent
43Thompson, SmithSmith Thompson7,413September 1, 1823December 18, 1843
44Brewer, David JosiahDavid Josiah Brewer7,385January 6, 1890March 28, 1910
45Day, William R.William R. Day7,196March 2, 1903November 13, 1922
46Reed, Stanley FormanStanley Forman Reed6,965January 31, 1938February 25, 1957
47Swayne, Noah HaynesNoah Haynes Swayne6,937January 27, 1862January 24, 1881
48Todd, ThomasThomas Todd6,854May 4, 1807February 7, 1826
49Souter, DavidDavid Souter6,838October 9, 1990June 29, 2009
50Daniel, Peter VivianPeter Vivian Daniel6,716January 10, 1842May 31, 1860
51Clark, Tom C.Tom C. Clark6,501August 24, 1949June 12, 1967
52Burger, Warren E.Warren E. Burger*6,304June 23, 1969September 26, 1986
53Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes*6,214October 10, 1910
February 24, 1930*
June 10, 1916
June 30, 1941*
54Butler, PiercePierce Butler6,162January 2, 1923November 16, 1939
55Harlan II, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan II6,023March 28, 1955September 23, 1971
56Livingston, Henry BrockholstHenry Brockholst Livingston5,901January 20, 1807March 18, 1823
57Warren, EarlEarl Warren*5,740October 5, 1953June 23, 1969
58Powell, Lewis FranklinLewis Franklin Powell5,649January 7, 1972June 26, 1987
59Brown, Henry BillingsHenry Billings Brown5,621January 5, 1891May 28, 1906
60Chase, SamuelSamuel Chase5,613February 4, 1796June 19, 1811
61Sutherland, GeorgeGeorge Sutherland5,586October 2, 1922January 17, 1938
62Roberts, OwenOwen Roberts5,538June 2, 1930July 31, 1945
63McKinley, JohnJohn McKinley5,305January 9, 1838July 19, 1852
64Baldwin, HenryHenry Baldwin5,207January 18, 1830April 21, 1844
65Davis, DavidDavid Davis5,198December 10, 1862March 4, 1877
66Waite, MorrisonMorrison Waite*5,133March 4, 1874March 23, 1888
67Peckham, Rufus WheelerRufus Wheeler Peckham5,039January 6, 1896October 24, 1909
68Paterson, WilliamWilliam Paterson4,929March 11, 1793September 9, 1806
69Jackson, Robert H.Robert H. Jackson4,838July 11, 1941October 9, 1954
70Burton, Harold HitzHarold Hitz Burton4,760October 1, 1945October 13, 1958
71Blatchford, SamuelSamuel Blatchford4,113April 3, 1882July 7, 1893
72Pitney, MahlonMahlon Pitney3,940March 18, 1912December 31, 1922
73Strong, WilliamWilliam Strong3,928March 14, 1870December 14, 1880
74Shiras, Jr., GeorgeGeorge Shiras, Jr.3,787October 10, 1892February 23, 1903
75Murphy, FrankFrank Murphy3,452February 5, 1940July 19, 1949
76Iredell, JamesJames Iredell3,448May 12, 1790October 20, 1799
77Roberts, JohnJohn Roberts*3,371September 29, 2005Incumbent
78Hunt, WardWard Hunt3,305January 9, 1873January 27, 1882
79Alito, SamuelSamuel Alito3,247January 31, 2006Incumbent
80Wilson, JamesJames Wilson3,242October 5, 1789August 21, 1798
81Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft*3,129July 11, 1921February 3, 1930
82Chase, Salmon P.Salmon P. Chase*3,065December 15, 1864May 7, 1873
83Campbell, John ArchibaldJohn Archibald Campbell2,941April 11, 1853April 30, 1861
84Matthews, StanleyStanley Matthews2,866May 17, 1881March 22, 1889
85Vinson, Fred M.Fred M. Vinson*2,633June 24, 1946September 8, 1953
86Sanford, Edward TerryEdward Terry Sanford2,574February 19, 1923March 8, 1930
87Minton, ShermanSherman Minton2,560October 12, 1949October 15, 1956
88Rutledge, Wiley BlountWiley Blount Rutledge2,399February 15, 1943September 10, 1949
89Woods, William BurnhamWilliam Burnham Woods2,320January 5, 1881May 14, 1887
90Cardozo, Benjamin N.Benjamin N. Cardozo2,308March 14, 1932July 9, 1938
91Curtis, Benjamin RobbinsBenjamin Robbins Curtis2,182October 10, 1851September 30, 1857
92Woodbury, LeviLevi Woodbury2,172September 23, 1845September 4, 1851
93Clarke, John HessinJohn Hessin Clarke2,170October 9, 1916September 18, 1922
94Blair, JohnJohn Blair2,091February 2, 1790October 25, 1795
95Jay, JohnJohn Jay*2,079October 19, 1789June 29, 1795
96Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor1,962August 8, 2009Incumbent
97 (tie)Lamar, Lucius Quintus CincinnatusLucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar1,832January 18, 1888January 23, 1893
97 (tie)Whittaker, Charles EvansCharles Evans Whittaker1,832March 25, 1957March 31, 1962
99Lamar, Joseph RuckerJoseph Rucker Lamar1,825January 3, 1911January 2, 1916
100Barbour, Philip PendletonPhilip Pendleton Barbour1,750May 12, 1836February 25, 1841
101Ellsworth, OliverOliver Ellsworth*1,742March 8, 1796December 15, 1800
102Lurton, Horace HarmonHorace Harmon Lurton1,651January 3, 1910July 12, 1914
103Kagan, ElenaElena Kagan1,598August 7, 2010Incumbent
104Moody, William HenryWilliam Henry Moody1,434December 17, 1906November 20, 1910
105Moore, AlfredAlfred Moore1,375April 21, 1800January 26, 1804
106Fortas, AbeAbe Fortas1,318October 4, 1965May 14, 1969
107Goldberg, ArthurArthur Goldberg1,028October 1, 1962July 25, 1965
108Jackson, Howell EdmundsHowell Edmunds Jackson887March 4, 1893August 8, 1895
109Trimble, RobertRobert Trimble801June 16, 1826August 25, 1828
110Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge*563February 15, 1790
July 1, 1795*
March 5, 1791
December 28, 1795*
111Byrnes, James F.James F. Byrnes452July 8, 1941October 3, 1942
112Johnson, ThomasThomas Johnson163August 6, 1792January 16, 1793

*Chief Justice
Term as Associate Justice and Chief Justice combined

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Members of the Supreme Court from the Supreme Court of the United States" (PDF). Official website of the Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved September 19, 2009. 
  2. ^ Stanton took the oath of office on his death bed, but according to the Supreme Court Historical Society, he never took "the necessary steps toward becoming a Member of the Court."
  3. ^ "Judges of the United States Courts". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved December 27, 2007.