List of United States Supreme Court Justices by time in office

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13,358 days
William O. Douglas
from 1939 to 1975
12,614 days
Stephen Johnson Field
from 1863 to 1897
12,611 days
John Paul Stevens
from 1975 to 2010
12,570 days
John Marshall
from 1801 to 1835
12,447 days
Hugo Black
from 1937 to 1971
12,360 days
John Marshall Harlan
from 1877 to 1911
887 days
Howell Edmunds Jackson
from 1893 to 1895
801 days
Robert Trimble
from 1826 to 1828
7002796000000000000796 days
Elena Kagan
since 2010
563 days
John Rutledge
from 1790 to 1791 and in 1795
452 days
James F. Byrnes
from 1941 to 1942
163 days
Thomas Johnson
from 1792 to 1793

This is a list of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office, counted in days. The period of service for Justices ranges from William O. Douglas's 13,358 days (36 years) on the Court to the 163–day tenure of Thomas Johnson. A nominee who was confirmed by the United States Senate but declined to serve, such as Robert H. Harrison, or who died before taking his seat, such as Edwin M. Stanton, would not be considered to have served as a Justice.[1][2] The Term Start date is the day the Justice took the oath of office,[1] with the Term End date being the date of the Justice's death, resignation, or retirement.[1] A highlighted row indicates that the Justice is currently serving on the Court.[3]

Justices

Rank by
length
of term
JusticeTerm
in
days
Term Start[1]Term End[1]
1Douglas, William O.William O. Douglas700413358000000000013,35801939-04-17April 17, 193901975-11-12November 12, 1975
2Field, Stephen JohnsonStephen Johnson Field700412614000000000012,61401863-05-20May 20, 186301897-12-01December 1, 1897
3Stevens, John PaulJohn Paul Stevens700412611000000000012,61101975-12-19December 19, 197502010-06-29June 29, 2010
4Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall*700412570000000000012,57001801-02-04February 4, 180101835-07-06July 6, 1835
5Black, HugoHugo Black700412447000000000012,44701937-08-19August 19, 193701971-09-17September 17, 1971
6Harlan, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan700412360000000000012,36001877-12-10December 10, 187701911-10-14October 14, 1911
7Brennan, William J.William J. Brennan700412330000000000012,33001956-10-16October 16, 195601990-07-20July 20, 1990
8Rehnquist, WilliamWilliam Rehnquist*700412293000000000012,29301972-01-07January 7, 197202005-09-03September 3, 2005
9Story, JosephJoseph Story700412273000000000012,27301812-02-03February 3, 181201845-09-10September 10, 1845
10Wayne, James MooreJames Moore Wayne700411860000000000011,86001835-01-14January 14, 183501867-07-05July 5, 1867
11McLean, JohnJohn McLean700411406000000000011,40601830-01-11January 11, 183001861-04-04April 4, 1861
12White, ByronByron White700411396000000000011,39601962-04-16April 16, 196201993-06-28June 28, 1993
13Washington, BushrodBushrod Washington700411252000000000011,25201799-02-04February 4, 179901829-11-26November 26, 1829
14Johnson, WilliamWilliam Johnson700411046000000000011,04601804-05-07May 7, 180401834-08-04August 4, 1834
15Holmes, Oliver WendellOliver Wendell Holmes700410627000000000010,62701902-12-08December 8, 190201932-01-12January 12, 1932
16Taney, Roger B.Roger B. Taney*700410425000000000010,42501836-03-28March 28, 183601864-10-12October 12, 1864
17Miller, Samuel FreemanSamuel Freeman Miller700410311000000000010,31101862-07-21July 21, 186201890-10-13October 13, 1890
18Catron, JohnJohn Catron700410256000000000010,25601837-05-01May 1, 183701865-05-30May 30, 1865
19Nelson, SamuelSamuel Nelson700410136000000000010,13601845-02-27February 27, 184501872-11-28November 28, 1872
20White, Edward DouglassEdward Douglass White*70039929000000000009,92901894-03-12March 12, 189401921-05-19May 19, 1921
21McKenna, JosephJoseph McKenna70039840000000000009,84001898-01-26January 26, 189801925-01-05January 5, 1925
22Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter70039647000000000009,64701911-01-03January 3, 191101937-06-02June 2, 1937
23McReynolds, James ClarkJames Clark McReynolds70039608000000000009,60801914-10-12October 12, 191401941-01-31January 31, 1941
24Scalia, AntoninAntonin Scalia70039512000000000009,51201986-09-26September 26, 198602012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
25Kennedy, AnthonyAnthony Kennedy70039002000000000009,00201988-02-18February 18, 198802012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
26O'Connor, Sandra DaySandra Day O'Connor70038894000000000008,89401981-09-25September 25, 198102006-01-31January 31, 2006
27Blackmun, HarryHarry Blackmun70038821000000000008,82101970-06-09June 9, 197001994-08-03August 3, 1994
28Marshall, ThurgoodThurgood Marshall70038765000000000008,76501967-10-02October 2, 196701991-10-01October 1, 1991
29Frankfurter, FelixFelix Frankfurter70038611000000000008,61101939-01-30January 30, 193901962-08-28August 28, 1962
30Clifford, NathanNathan Clifford70038586000000000008,58601858-01-21January 21, 185801881-07-25July 25, 1881
31Grier, Robert CooperRobert Cooper Grier70038575000000000008,57501846-08-10August 10, 184601870-01-31January 31, 1870
32Duvall, GabrielGabriel Duvall70038453000000000008,45301811-11-23November 23, 181101835-01-14January 14, 1835
33Stewart, PotterPotter Stewart70038298000000000008,29801958-10-14October 14, 195801981-07-03July 3, 1981
34Brandeis, LouisLouis Brandeis70038288000000000008,28801916-06-05June 5, 191601939-02-13February 13, 1939
35Bradley, Joseph PhiloJoseph Philo Bradley70037975000000000007,97501870-03-23March 23, 187001892-01-22January 22, 1892
36Fuller, MelvilleMelville Fuller*70037938000000000007,93801888-10-08October 8, 188801910-07-04July 4, 1910
37Stone, Harlan FiskeHarlan Fiske Stone*70037721000000000007,72101925-03-02March 2, 192501946-04-22April 22, 1946
38Thomas, ClarenceClarence Thomas70037659000000000007,65901991-10-23October 23, 199102012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
39Gray, HoraceHorace Gray70037553000000000007,55301882-01-09January 9, 188201902-09-15September 15, 1902
40Cushing, WilliamWilliam Cushing70037527000000000007,52701790-02-02February 2, 179001810-09-13September 13, 1810
41Thompson, SmithSmith Thompson70037413000000000007,41301823-09-01September 1, 182301843-12-18December 18, 1843
42Brewer, David JosiahDavid Josiah Brewer70037385000000000007,38501890-01-06January 6, 189001910-03-28March 28, 1910
43Day, William RufusWilliam Rufus Day70037196000000000007,19601903-03-02March 2, 190301922-11-13November 13, 1922
44Ginsburg, Ruth BaderRuth Bader Ginsburg70037002000000000007,00201993-08-10August 10, 199302012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
45Reed, Stanley FormanStanley Forman Reed70036965000000000006,96501938-01-31January 31, 193801957-02-25February 25, 1957
46Swayne, Noah HaynesNoah Haynes Swayne70036937000000000006,93701862-01-27January 27, 186201881-01-24January 24, 1881
47Todd, ThomasThomas Todd70036854000000000006,85401807-05-04May 4, 180701826-02-07February 7, 1826
48Souter, DavidDavid Souter70036838000000000006,83801990-10-09October 9, 199002009-06-29June 29, 2009
49Daniel, Peter VivianPeter Vivian Daniel70036716000000000006,71601842-01-10January 10, 184201860-05-31May 31, 1860
50Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer70036644000000000006,64401994-08-03August 3, 199402012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
51Clark, Tom C.Tom C. Clark70036501000000000006,50101949-08-24August 24, 194901967-06-12June 12, 1967
52Burger, Warren E.Warren E. Burger*70036304000000000006,30401969-06-23June 23, 196901986-09-26September 26, 1986
53Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes*70036214000000000006,21401910-10-10October 10, 1910
February 24, 1930*
01916-06-10June 10, 1916
June 30, 1941*
54Butler, PiercePierce Butler70036162000000000006,16201923-01-02January 2, 192301939-11-16November 16, 1939
55Harlan II, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan II70036023000000000006,02301955-03-28March 28, 195501971-09-23September 23, 1971
56Livingston, Henry BrockholstHenry Brockholst Livingston70035901000000000005,90101807-01-20January 20, 180701823-03-18March 18, 1823
57Warren, EarlEarl Warren*70035740000000000005,74001953-10-05October 5, 195301969-06-23June 23, 1969
58Powell, Lewis FranklinLewis Franklin Powell70035649000000000005,64901972-01-07January 7, 197201987-06-26June 26, 1987
59Brown, Henry BillingsHenry Billings Brown70035621000000000005,62101891-01-05January 5, 189101906-05-28May 28, 1906
60Chase, SamuelSamuel Chase70035613000000000005,61301796-02-04February 4, 179601811-06-19June 19, 1811
61Sutherland, GeorgeGeorge Sutherland70035586000000000005,58601922-10-02October 2, 192201938-01-17January 17, 1938
62Roberts, Owen JosephusOwen Josephus Roberts70035538000000000005,53801930-06-02June 2, 193001945-07-31July 31, 1945
63McKinley, JohnJohn McKinley70035305000000000005,30501838-01-09January 9, 183801852-07-19July 19, 1852
64Baldwin, HenryHenry Baldwin70035207000000000005,20701830-01-18January 18, 183001844-04-21April 21, 1844
65Davis, DavidDavid Davis70035198000000000005,19801862-12-10December 10, 186201877-03-04March 4, 1877
66Waite, Morrison R.Morrison R. Waite*70035133000000000005,13301874-03-04March 4, 187401888-03-23March 23, 1888
67Peckham, Rufus WheelerRufus Wheeler Peckham70035039000000000005,03901896-01-06January 6, 189601909-10-24October 24, 1909
68Paterson, WilliamWilliam Paterson70034929000000000004,92901793-03-11March 11, 179301806-09-09September 9, 1806
69Jackson, Robert H.Robert H. Jackson70034838000000000004,83801941-07-11July 11, 194101954-10-09October 9, 1954
70Burton, Harold HitzHarold Hitz Burton70034760000000000004,76001945-10-01October 1, 194501958-10-13October 13, 1958
71Blatchford, SamuelSamuel Blatchford70034113000000000004,11301882-04-03April 3, 188201893-07-07July 7, 1893
72Pitney, MahlonMahlon Pitney70033940000000000003,94001912-03-18March 18, 191201922-12-31December 31, 1922
73Strong, WilliamWilliam Strong70033928000000000003,92801870-03-14March 14, 187001880-12-14December 14, 1880
74Shiras, Jr., GeorgeGeorge Shiras, Jr.70033787000000000003,78701892-10-10October 10, 189201903-02-23February 23, 1903
75Murphy, FrankFrank Murphy70033452000000000003,45201940-02-05February 5, 194001949-07-19July 19, 1949
76Iredell, JamesJames Iredell70033448000000000003,44801790-05-12May 12, 179001799-10-20October 20, 1799
77Hunt, WardWard Hunt70033305000000000003,30501873-01-09January 9, 187301882-01-27January 27, 1882
78Wilson, JamesJames Wilson70033242000000000003,24201789-10-05October 5, 178901798-08-21August 21, 1798
79Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft*70033129000000000003,12901921-07-11July 11, 192101930-02-03February 3, 1930
80Chase, Salmon P.Salmon P. Chase*70033065000000000003,06501864-12-15December 15, 186401873-05-07May 7, 1873
81Campbell, John ArchibaldJohn Archibald Campbell70032941000000000002,94101853-04-11April 11, 185301861-04-30April 30, 1861
82Matthews, Thomas StanleyThomas Stanley Matthews70032866000000000002,86601881-05-17May 17, 188101889-03-22March 22, 1889
83Vinson, Fred M.Fred M. Vinson*70032633000000000002,63301946-06-24June 24, 194601953-09-08September 8, 1953
84Sanford, Edward TerryEdward Terry Sanford70032574000000000002,57401923-02-19February 19, 192301930-03-08March 8, 1930
85Roberts, John G.John G. Roberts*70032569000000000002,56902005-09-29September 29, 200502012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
86Minton, ShermanSherman Minton70032560000000000002,56001949-10-12October 12, 194901956-10-15October 15, 1956
87Alito, SamuelSamuel Alito70032445000000000002,44502006-01-31January 31, 200602012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
88Rutledge, Wiley BlountWiley Blount Rutledge70032399000000000002,39901943-02-15February 15, 194301949-09-10September 10, 1949
89Woods, William BurnhamWilliam Burnham Woods70032320000000000002,32001881-01-05January 5, 188101887-05-14May 14, 1887
90Cardozo, Benjamin N.Benjamin N. Cardozo70032308000000000002,30801932-03-14March 14, 193201938-07-09July 9, 1938
91Curtis, Benjamin RobbinsBenjamin Robbins Curtis70032182000000000002,18201851-10-10October 10, 185101857-09-30September 30, 1857
92Woodbury, LeviLevi Woodbury70032172000000000002,17201845-09-23September 23, 184501851-09-04September 4, 1851
93Clarke, John HessinJohn Hessin Clarke70032170000000000002,17001916-10-09October 9, 191601922-09-18September 18, 1922
94Blair, JohnJohn Blair70032091000000000002,09101790-02-02February 2, 179001795-10-25October 25, 1795
95Jay, JohnJohn Jay*70032079000000000002,07901789-10-19October 19, 178901795-06-29June 29, 1795
96 (tie)Lamar, Lucius Quintus CincinnatusLucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar70031832000000000001,83201888-01-18January 18, 188801893-01-23January 23, 1893
96 (tie)Whittaker, Charles EvansCharles Evans Whittaker70031832000000000001,83201957-03-25March 25, 195701962-03-31March 31, 1962
98Lamar, Joseph RuckerJoseph Rucker Lamar70031825000000000001,82501911-01-03January 3, 191101916-01-02January 2, 1916
99Barbour, Philip PendletonPhilip Pendleton Barbour70031750000000000001,75001836-05-12May 12, 183601841-02-25February 25, 1841
100Ellsworth, OliverOliver Ellsworth*70031742000000000001,74201796-03-08March 8, 179601800-12-15December 15, 1800
101Lurton, Horace HarmonHorace Harmon Lurton70031651000000000001,65101910-01-03January 3, 191001914-07-12July 12, 1914
102Moody, William HenryWilliam Henry Moody70031434000000000001,43401906-12-17December 17, 190601910-11-20November 20, 1910
103Moore, AlfredAlfred Moore70031375000000000001,37501800-04-21April 21, 180001804-01-26January 26, 1804
104Fortas, AbeAbe Fortas70031318000000000001,31801965-10-04October 4, 196501969-05-14May 14, 1969
105Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor70031160000000000001,16002009-08-08August 8, 200902012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
106Goldberg, Arthur JosephArthur Joseph Goldberg70031028000000000001,02801962-10-01October 1, 196201965-07-25July 25, 1965
107Jackson, Howell EdmundsHowell Edmunds Jackson700288700000000000088701893-03-04March 4, 189301895-08-08August 8, 1895
108Trimble, RobertRobert Trimble700280100000000000080101826-06-16June 16, 182601828-08-25August 25, 1828
109Kagan, ElenaElena Kagan700279600000000000079602010-08-07August 7, 201002012-10-11October 11, 2012Incumbent
110Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge*700256300000000000056301790-02-15February 15, 1790
July 1, 1795*
01795-12-28December 28, 1795March 5, 1791
December 28, 1795*
111Byrnes, James F.James F. Byrnes700245200000000000045201941-07-08July 8, 194101942-10-03October 3, 1942
112Johnson, ThomasThomas Johnson700216300000000000016301792-08-05August 5, 179201793-01-15January 15, 1793

*Chief Justice
Term as Associate Justice and Chief Justice combined

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Members of the Supreme Court from the Supreme Court of the United States" (PDF). Official website of the Supreme Court of the United States. http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/members.pdf. Retrieved September 19, 2009. 
  2. ^ Stanton took the oath of office on his death bed, but according to the Supreme Court Historical Society, he never took "the necessary steps toward becoming a Member of the Court."
  3. ^ "Judges of the United States Courts". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070929135637/http://www.fjc.gov/servlet/tGetCourt?cid=0&order=c. Retrieved December 27, 2007.