List of United States Senators from Virginia

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Virginia ratified the Constitution on June 25, 1788. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1861, due to its secession from the Union, but senators representing its western counties continued to sit until March 1863. Virginia's Senate seats were again filled from January 1870.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1[edit]

#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history
1William Grayson (1740-1790).jpg William GraysonAnti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 12, 1790
11Elected in 1789

Died
VacantMarch 12, 1790 –
March 31, 1790
2John Walker congress.jpg John WalkerPro-
Administration
March 31, 1790 –
November 9, 1790
Appointed to continue Grayson's term

Retired when successor elected
3James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James MonroeAnti-
Administration
November 9, 1790 –
March 27, 1794
1
(Continued)
Elected to finish Grayson's term
22Re-elected in 1791

Resigned to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to France
3
VacantMarch 27, 1794 –
November 18, 1794
4Sthmason.jpg Stevens T. MasonDemocratic-
Republican
November 18, 1794 –
May 10, 1803
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Monroe's term
4
53Re-elected in 1797
6
7
84Re-elected in 1803

Died
VacantMay 10, 1803 –
June 4, 1803
5John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor of CarolineDemocratic-
Republican
June 4, 1803 –
December 7, 1803
Appointed to continue Mason's term

Retired when successor elected
6A-Bedford-Venable.jpg Abraham B. VenableDemocratic-
Republican
December 7, 1803 –
June 7, 1804
Elected to finish Mason's term

Resigned to become president of Bank of Virginia
VacantJune 7, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
7William Branch Giles.jpg William B. GilesDemocratic-
Republican
August 11, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Appointed to continue Venable's term

Resigned when elected to finish Wilson Nicholas's Class 2 term.[1]
8Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew MooreDemocratic-
Republican
December 4, 1804 –
March 4, 1809
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Venable's term.[1]
9
10
9Richard Brent.jpg Richard BrentDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
December 30, 1814
115[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Died
12
13
VacantDecember 30, 1814 –
January 2, 1815
10BarbourT.jpg James BarbourDemocratic-
Republican
January 2, 1815 –
March 7, 1825
13
(Continued)
Elected to finish Brent's term
146Re-elected in 1815
15
16
177Re-elected in 1821

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War
Crawford
Republican
18
Jacksonian19
VacantMarch 7, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
11StuartGilbertJohnRandolph.jpg John RandolphJacksonianDecember 26, 1825 –
March 4, 1827
19
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Barbour's term

Lost election to next term
12John Tyler.png John TylerJacksonianMarch 4, 1827 –
February 29, 1836
208Elected in 1827
21
22
Anti-
Jackson
239Re-elected in 1833

Resigned
24
VacantFebruary 29, 1836 –
March 4, 1836
13Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. RivesJacksonianMarch 4, 1836 –
March 3, 1839
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tyler's term

Legislature failed to elect in 1839
Democratic25
VacantMarch 3, 1839 –
January 18, 1841
2610
Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. RivesWhigJanuary 18, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
26
(Continued)
Re-elected late in 1841

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27
28
VacantMarch 4, 1845 –
December 3, 1845
2911[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14Isaac S. Pennybacker.jpg Isaac S. PennybackerDemocraticDecember 3, 1845 –
January 12, 1847
Elected to finish the vacancy

Died
VacantJanuary 12, 1847 –
January 21, 1847
15JMMason.jpg James M. MasonDemocraticJanuary 21, 1847 –
July 11, 1861
29
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pennybacker's term
30
31
3212Re-elected in 1850
33
34
3513Re-elected in 1856

Expelled for his support of the Confederate States[2][3]
36
37
VacantJuly 11, 1861 –
July 13, 1861
16Waitman T. Willey - Brady-Handy.jpg Waitman T. WilleyUnionistJuly 13, 1861 –
March 3, 1863[4]
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Mason's term

Resigned to become U.S. Senator from West Virginia
17Lemuel Jackson Bowden.jpg Lemuel J. BowdenUnionistMarch 4, 1863 –
January 2, 1864
3814Elected in 1863

Died
VacantJanuary 2, 1864 –
January 26, 1870
38
(Continued)
Civil War and Reconstruction
Joseph Segar (U) presented his credentials on February 17, 1865, but was not seated[4][5]
39
40
4115
18John F. Lewis - Brady-Handy.jpg John F. LewisRepublicanJanuary 26, 1870 –
March 4, 1875
41
(Continued)
Elected to finish the vacancy

Retired
42
43
19Robert E. Withers - Brady-Handy.jpg Robert E. WithersDemocraticMarch 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1881
4416Elected in 1875

Lost re-election
45
46
20William Mahone.jpg William MahoneReadjusterMarch 4, 1881 –
March 4, 1887
4717Elected in 1881

Lost re-election
48
49
22John W. Daniel - Brady-Handy.jpg John W. DanielDemocraticMarch 4, 1887 –
June 29, 1910
5018Elected in 1887
51
52
5319Re-elected in 1893
54
55
5620Re-elected in 1899
57
58
5921Re-elected in 1904

Re-elected in 1910, but died before that term began
60
61
VacantJune 29, 1910 –
August 1, 1910
22CASwanson.jpg Claude A. SwansonDemocraticAugust 1, 1910 –
March 3, 1933
61
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Daniel's last term
6222Re-appointed on February 28, 1911 to begin Daniel's next term
Elected to finish Daniel's next term
63
64
6523Re-elected in 1916
66
67
6824Re-elected in 1922
69
70
7125Re-elected in 1928

Resigned
72
23Harry F. Byrd headshot.jpg Harry F. ByrdDemocraticMarch 4, 1933 –
November 10, 1965
73Appointed to continue Swanson's term
Elected to finish Swanson's term
7426Re-elected in 1934
75
76
7727Re-elected in 1940
78
79
8028Re-elected in 1946
81
82
8329Re-elected in 1952
84
85
8630Re-elected in 1958
87
88
8931Re-elected in 1964

Resigned for health reasons
VacantNovember 10, 1965 –
November 12, 1965
24Hbyrdjr.jpg Harry F. Byrd, Jr.DemocraticNovember 12, 1965 –
January 3, 1983
89
(Continued)
Appointed to continue his father's term
Elected to finish his father's term
90
91
Independent9232Re-elected in 1970
93
94
9533Re-elected in 1976

Retired
96
97
25PaulSTrible.jpg Paul S. Trible, Jr.RepublicanJanuary 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1989
9834Elected in 1982

Retired
99
100
26Charles robb.jpg Chuck RobbDemocraticJanuary 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2001
10135Elected in 1988
102
103
10436Re-elected in 1994

Lost re-election
105
106
27George Allen official portrait.jpg George AllenRepublicanJanuary 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2007
10737Elected in 2000

Lost re-election
108
109
28Jim Webb official 110th Congress photo.jpg Jim WebbDemocraticJanuary 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
11038Elected in 2006

Retired[6]
111
112
29Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg Tim KaineDemocraticJanuary 3, 2013 –
Present
11339Elected in 2012
114
115
#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history

Class 2[edit]

#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history
1RichardHenryLee.jpg Richard H. LeeAnti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
October 8, 1792
11Elected in 1789

Resigned
2
VacantOctober 8, 1792 –
October 18, 1792
2John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John TaylorAnti-
Administration
October 18, 1792 –
May 11, 1794
2
(Continued)
Elected to finish Lee's term
32Re-elected in 1793

Resigned
VacantMay 11, 1794 –
December 29, 1794
3Henrytazewell.jpg Henry TazewellAnti-
Administration
December 29, 1794 –
January 24, 1799
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term

Re-elected in 1798, but died before new term began
Democratic-
Republican
4
5
VacantJanuary 24, 1799 –
December 5, 1799
5
(Continued)
63
4Wilson Cary Nicholas.jpg Wilson C. NicholasDemocratic-
Republican
December 5, 1799 –
May 22, 1804
7Elected to finish Tazewell's term

Resigned to become collector of the port of Norfolk
8
VacantMay 22, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
5Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew MooreDemocratic-
Republican
August 11, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Appointed to continue Nicholas's term

Resigned when elected to finish Abraham B. Venable's Class 1 term[1]
6William Branch Giles.jpg William B. GilesDemocratic-
Republican
December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1815
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Nicholas's term
94Re-elected in 1804
10
11
125Re-elected in 1811

Resigned
13
VacantMarch 4, 1815 –
January 3, 1816
14
7Armistead Thompson Mason.jpg Armistead T. MasonDemocratic-
Republican
January 3, 1816 –
March 4, 1817
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish Giles's term

Lost re-election
8John w eppes.jpg John W. EppesDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
December 4, 1819
156Elected in 1817

Resigned because of ill health
16
VacantDecember 4, 1819 –
December 14, 1819
9James Pleasants bioguide.jpg James PleasantsDemocratic-
Republican
December 14, 1819 –
December 15, 1822
16
(Continued)
Elected to finish Eppes's term

Resigned
17
VacantDecember 15, 1822 –
December 18, 1822
10John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John TaylorDemocratic-
Republican
December 18, 1822 –
August 21, 1824
17
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pleasants's term
Crawford
Republican
187Re-elected in 1823

Died
VacantAugust 21, 1824 –
December 7, 1824
11LWTzw.jpg Littleton TazewellJackson
Republican
December 7, 1824 –
July 16, 1832
18
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term
Jacksonian19
20
218Re-elected in 1829

Resigned
22
VacantJuly 16, 1832 –
December 10, 1832
12Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. RivesJacksonianDecember 10, 1832 –
February 22, 1834
22
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tazewell's term

Resigned
23
VacantFebruary 22, 1834 –
February 26, 1834
13Benjamin Leigh.jpg Benjamin W. LeighAnti-
Jacksonian
February 26, 1834 –
July 4, 1836
23
(Continued)
Elected to finish Rives's term
249Re-elected in 1835

Resigned
VacantJuly 4, 1836 –
December 12, 1836
14Richard E. Parker.jpg Richard E. ParkerJacksonianDecember 12, 1836 –
March 13, 1837
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Leigh's term

Resigned to become judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals
Democratic25
15WmRoane.jpg William H. RoaneDemocraticMarch 14, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
25
(Continued)
Elected to finish Parker's term

Lost re-election
26
16WSArcher.jpg William S. ArcherWhigMarch 4, 1841 –
March 4, 1847
2710Elected in 1841

Lost re-election
28
29
17RbrtMTHntr.jpg Robert M. T. HunterDemocraticMarch 4, 1847 –
July 11, 1861
3011Elected in 1847
31
32
3312Re-elected in 1853
34
35
3613Re-elected in 1859

Expelled for his support of the Confederate States[2][3]
37
VacantJuly 11, 1861 –
July 13, 1861
18JCarlile.jpg John S. CarlileUnionistJuly 13, 1861 –
March 4, 1865
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Hunter's term[3]

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
38
VacantMarch 4, 1865 –
January 26, 1870
3914U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction
John Underwood (U) presented his credentials on March 9, 1865, but was not seated[5]
40
41
19J000191.jpg John W. JohnstonDemocraticJanuary 26, 1870 –
March 4, 1883
41
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term
4215Re-elected in 1871
43
44
4516Re-elected in 1877

Lost re-election
46
47
20Harrison H. Riddleberger - Brady-Handy.jpg Harrison H. RiddlebergerReadjusterMarch 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
4817Elected in 1883

Retired
49
50
21John S. Barbour, Jr.DemocraticMarch 4, 1889 –
May 14, 1892
5118Elected in 1889

Died
52
VacantMay 14, 1892 –
May 28, 1892
22Eppa Hunton, photo portrait seated.jpg Eppa HuntonDemocraticMay 28, 1892 –
March 4, 1895
52
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Barbour's term
Elected to finish Barbour's term

Retired
53
23Thomas Staples Martin.jpg Thomas S. MartinDemocraticMarch 4, 1895 –
November 12, 1919
5419Elected in 1894
55
56
5720Re-elected in 1900
58
59
6021Re-elected in 1906
61
62
6322Re-elected in 1912
64
65
6623Re-elected in 1918

Died
VacantNovember 12, 1919 –
February 2, 1920
24CGlass.jpg Carter GlassDemocraticFebruary 2, 1920 –
May 28, 1946
66
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Martin's term, but did not immediately qualify, perferring to remain as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Elected to finish Martin's term
67
68
6924Re-elected in 1924
70
71
7225Re-elected in 1930
73
74
7526Re-elected in 1936
76
77
7827Re-elected in 1942

Died
79
VacantMay 28, 1946 –
May 31, 1946
25Thomas Granville Burch.jpg Thomas G. BurchDemocraticMay 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Appointed to continue Glass's term

Retired when successor elected
26Absalom Willis Robertson.jpg A. Willis RobertsonDemocraticNovember 5, 1946 –
December 30, 1966
79
(Continued)
Elected to finish Glass's term
80
8128Re-elected in 1948
82
83
8429Re-elected in 1954
85
86
8730Re-elected in 1960

Lost re-nomination, and retired early to give successor preferential seniority
88
89
27S000739.jpg William B. Spong, Jr.DemocraticDecember 31, 1966 –
January 3, 1973
89
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Robertson's term, having already been elected to the next term
9031Elected in 1966

Lost re-election
91
92
28William Lloyd Scott.jpg William L. ScottRepublicanJanuary 3, 1973 –
January 1, 1979
9332Elected in 1972

Retired, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority
94
95
29Senator John Warner portrait.JPG John WarnerRepublicanJanuary 2, 1979 –
January 3, 2009
95
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Scott's term, having already been elected to the next term
9633Elected in 1978
97
98
9934Re-elected in 1984
100
101
10235Re-elected in 1990
103
104
10536Re-elected in 1996
106
107
10837Re-elected in 2002

Retired
109
110
30Mark Warner, official 111th Congress photo portrait.jpg Mark WarnerDemocraticJanuary 3, 2009 –
Present
11138Elected in 2008
112
113
#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history

Superlatives[edit]

Longest service[edit]

SenatorFirst servedLast servedLength of service
Harry F. ByrdMarch 4, 1933November 10, 196532 years, 8 months, 6 days
John W. WarnerJanuary 2, 1979January 3, 200930 years, 1 day
E. Carter GlassFebruary 20, 1920May 28, 194626 years, 3 months, 8 days
Thomas S. MartinMarch 4, 1895November 12, 191924 years, 8 months, 8 days
John W. DanielMarch 4, 1887June 29, 191023 years, 3 months, 25 days

Shortest service[edit]

SenatorFirst servedLast servedLength of service
Richard E. ParkerDecember 15, 1836February 13, 18370 years, 1 month, 29 days
Thomas G. BurchMay 31, 1946November 5, 19460 years, 5 months, 5 days
Abraham B. VenableDecember 7, 1803June 7, 18040 years, 6 months, 0 days
John WalkerMarch 31, 1790November 9, 17900 years, 7 months, 9 days
Lemuel J. BowdenMarch 4, 1863January 2, 18640 years, 9 months, 29 days

Youngest at beginning of service[edit]

SenatorDate of birthFirst servedAge
Armistead T. MasonAugust 4, 1787January 3, 181628 years, 4 months, 30 days
James MonroeApril 28, 1758November 9, 179032 years, 6 months, 9 days
Stevens T. MasonDecember 29, 1760November 17, 179433 years, 10 months, 19 days
Paul S. Trible, Jr.December 29, 1946January 3, 198336 years, 0 months, 5 days
John Tyler, Jr.March 29, 1790March 4, 182736 years, 11 months, 3 days

Oldest at end of service[edit]

SenatorDate of birthLast servedAge
E. Carter GlassJanuary 4, 1858May 28, 194688 years, 4 months, 24 days
John W. WarnerFebruary 18, 1927January 3, 200981 years, 10 months, 20 days
A. Willis RobertsonMay 27, 1887December 30, 196679 years, 7 months, 3 days
Harry F. ByrdJune 10, 1887November 10, 196578 years, 5 months, 0 days
Thomas G. BurchJuly 3, 1869May 31, 194676 years, 10 months, 28 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c On August 11, 1804, the Governor of Virginia appointed William Giles to the Class 1 vacancy and Andrew Moore to the Class 2 vacancy. Before either had taken the oath of office, the legislature elected Giles to fill the Class 2 vacancy and Moore to the Class 1 vacancy, thus reversing who would take which seat.
  2. ^ a b James Mason and Robert M. T. Hunter "withdrew" from the Senate on March 28, 1861, with other senators sympathetic to the Confederacy. They were both expelled by a resolution of July 11, 1861.
  3. ^ a b c Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), "Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 37th Congress".
  4. ^ a b Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), "Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 38th Congress".
  5. ^ a b Segar and Underwood were not seated on the premise that the Union-friendly legislature was illegitimate despite having seated Bowden and Carlile based credentials from the same legislature. In reality, the Senate refused because it did not want to set a precedent for easing reentry of Confederate states. See "Musical Chairs (1861–1869)". United States Senate. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  6. ^ Sen. Jim Webb announces retirement plans Washington Post. February 9, 2011.