List of United States Senators from Pennsylvania

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This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Pennsylvania.

United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term, beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the Pennsylvania General Assembly, and before 1935, their terms began March 4.

Class 1 [edit]

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012.

#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history
1WilliamMaclay.jpg William MaclayAnti-AdministrationMarch 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
11Elected in 1788

Lost re-election
VacantMarch 4, 1791 –
December 1, 1793
22
3
2AlbertGallatin.jpeg Albert GallatinAnti-AdministrationDecember 2, 1793 –
February 28, 1794
Elected in early 1793

Election voided on the grounds that he had not met the residency requirements for eligibility to the office.
VacantMarch 1, 1794 –
April 23, 1794
3Rossjamespa.jpg James RossFederalistApril 24, 1794 –
March 3, 1803
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Gallatin's term
4
53Re-elected in 1797

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
6
7
4Samuel MaclayDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
January 4, 1809
84Elected in 1802

Resigned, believing he would lose re-election
9
10
VacantJanuary 4, 1809 –
January 9, 1809
5Michael Leib.jpg Michael LeibDemocratic-
Republican
January 9, 1809 –
February 14, 1814
10
(Continued)
Elected to finish Maclay's term
115Elected in 1808

Resigned to become Postmaster of Philadelphia
12
13
6JonathanRoberts.jpg Jonathan RobertsDemocratic-
Republican
February 24, 1814 –
March 3, 1821
Elected to finish Leib's term
146Re-elected in late 1814

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
15
16
VacantMarch 4, 1821 –
December 10, 1821
177Legislature failed to elect
7WFindley.jpg William FindlayDemocratic-
Republican
December 10, 1821 –
March 3, 1827
Elected late in 1821

Retired
Jacksonian
Republican
18
Jacksonian19
8Isaac Barnard.jpg Isaac D. BarnardJacksonianMarch 4, 1827 –
December 6, 1831
208Elected in 1826

Resigned to due ill health
21
VacantDecember 6, 1831 –
December 13, 1831
9Vice-president of the US George Dallas.jpg George Mifflin DallasJacksonianDecember 13, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
21
(Continued)
Elected to finish Barnard's term

Retired
22
10SamuelMcKean.jpg Samuel McKeanJacksonianMarch 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1839
239Elected in 1832

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24
25
VacantMarch 4, 1839 –
January 14, 1840
2610Legislature failed to elect
11DSturgeon.jpg Daniel SturgeonDemocraticJanuary 14, 1840 –
March 3, 1851
26
(Continued)
Elected in early 1840
27
28
2911Re-elected in early 1845
30
31
12RichardBrodhead.jpg Richard BrodheadDemocraticMarch 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1857
3212Elected in 1851

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
33
34
13Smn Cameron-SecofWar.jpg Simon CameronRepublicanMarch 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1861
3513Elected in 1857

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War
36
37
VacantMarch 4, 1861 –
March 14, 1861
14David Wilmot.png David WilmotRepublicanMarch 14, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37
(Continued)
Elected in 1861 to finish Cameron's term

Retired
15Charles R. Buckalew - Brady-Handy.jpg Charles R. BuckalewDemocraticMarch 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
3814Elected in 1863

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
39
40
16JohnScottPA.jpg John ScottRepublicanMarch 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
4115Elected in 1869

Retired
42
43
17William A. Wallace - Brady-Handy.jpg William A. WallaceDemocraticMarch 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
4416Elected in early 1875

Lost re-election
45
46
18John I. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John I. MitchellRepublicanMarch 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
4717Elected in early 1881

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
48
49
19MatthewQuay.jpg Matthew S. QuayRepublicanMarch 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1899
5018Elected in early 1887
51
52
5319Re-elected in early 1893

Legislature failed to re-elect
54
55
VacantMarch 4, 1899 –
January 16, 1901
5620Quay was appointed to continue the term, but the Senate declared him not entitled to the seat
20MatthewQuay.jpg Matthew S. QuayRepublicanJanuary 16, 1901 –
May 28, 1904
Elected late in 1901

Died
57
58
21Philander Knox, bw photo portrait, 1904.jpg Philander C. KnoxRepublicanJune 10, 1904 –
March 4, 1909
Appointed to continue Quay's term
Elected to finish Quay's term
5921Re-elected in early 1905

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
60
61
VacantMarch 4, 1909 –
March 17, 1909
22George Oliver.jpg George T. OliverRepublicanMarch 17, 1909 –
March 3, 1917
61
(Continued)
Elected to finish Knox's term
6222Re-elected in early 1911

Retired
63
64
23Philander Knox, bw photo portrait, 1904.jpg Philander C. KnoxRepublicanMarch 4, 1917 –
October 12, 1921
6523Elected in 1916

Died
66
67
VacantOctober 12, 1921 –
October 24, 1921
24William Evans Crow.jpg William E. CrowRepublicanOctober 24, 1921 –
August 2, 1922
Appointed to continue Knox's term

Died
VacantAugust 2, 1922 –
August 8, 1922
25David Aiken Reed.jpg David A. ReedRepublicanAugust 8, 1922 –
January 3, 1935
Appointed to continue Knox's term
Elected both to finish Knox's term and to the next term
6824Elected in 1922
69
70
7125Re-elected in 1928

Lost re-election
72
73
26Joseph Guffey.jpg Joseph F. GuffeyDemocraticJanuary 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1947
7426Elected in 1934
75
76
7727Re-elected in 1940

Lost re-election
78
79
27EdwardMartinPA.jpg Edward MartinRepublicanJanuary 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
8028Elected in 1946
81
82
8329Re-elected in 1952

Retired
84
85
28SenHughScott.jpg Hugh ScottRepublicanJanuary 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1977
8630Elected in 1958
87
88
8931Re-elected in 1964
90
91
9232Re-elected in 1970

Retired
93
94
29John Heinz.jpg John HeinzRepublicanJanuary 3, 1977 –
April 4, 1991
9533Elected in 1976
96
97
9834Re-elected in 1982
99
100
10135Re-elected in 1988

Died
102
VacantApril 4, 1991 –
May 9, 1991
30Harriswofford.jpg Harris WoffordDemocraticMay 9, 1991 –
January 3, 1995
102
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Heinz's term
Elected to finish Heinz's term

Lost re-election
103
31Rick Santorum official photo.jpg Rick SantorumRepublicanJanuary 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2007
10436Elected in 1994
105
106
10737Re-elected in 2000

Lost re-election
108
109
32Bob Casey, official Senate photo portrait, c2008.jpg Bob Casey, Jr.DemocraticJanuary 3, 2007 –
Present
11038Elected in 2006
111
112
11339Re-elected in 2012
114
115
#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history

Class 3 [edit]

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1998, 2004, and 2010.

#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history
1Robert morris portrait.jpg Robert MorrisPro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1795
11Elected in 1789

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
2
3
2WilliamBingham.jpg William BinghamFederalistMarch 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
42Elected in 1795

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5
6
3JPMuhlenberg.jpg J. Peter G. MuhlenbergDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
June 30, 1801
73Elected in 1801

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
VacantJune 30, 1801 –
July 13, 1801
4GeoLogan.jpg George LoganDemocratic-
Republican
July 13, 1801 –
March 3, 1807
7
(Continued)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
8
9
5AndrewGregg.jpg Andrew GreggDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1813
104Elected in 1807

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
11
12
6AbnerLacock.jpg Abner LacockDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1819
135Elected in 1813

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14
15
7Lowrie.jpg Walter LowrieDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1825
166Elected in 1819

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
17
Crawford
Republican
18
8WilliamMarks.jpg William MarksAnti-JacksonianMarch 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
197Elected in 1825

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Adams20
Anti-Jacksonian21
9William Wilkins United States Senator - Brady-Handy.jpg William WilkinsJacksonianMarch 4, 1831 –
June 30, 1834
228Elected in 1831

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
23
VacantJune 30, 1834 –
December 6, 1834
10James Buchanan.jpg James BuchananDemocraticDecember 6, 1834 –
March 5, 1845
23
(Continued)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24
259Re-elected in 1837
26
27
2810Re-elected in 1843

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
29
VacantMarch 5, 1845 –
March 13, 1845
11Smn Cameron-SecofWar.jpg Simon CameronDemocraticMarch 13, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29
(Continued)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
30
12JCooper.jpg James CooperWhigMarch 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
3111Elected in 1849

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
32
33
VacantMarch 4, 1855 –
January 14, 1856
3412[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
13William Bigler.jpg William BiglerDemocraticJanuary 14, 1856 –
March 3, 1861
34
(Continued)
Elected late in 1856

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
35
36
14Edgar Cowan - Brady-Handy.jpg Edgar CowanRepublicanMarch 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
3713Elected in 1860

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
38
39
15Smn Cameron-SecofWar.jpg Simon CameronRepublicanMarch 4, 1867 –
March 12, 1877
4014Elected in 1866
41
42
4315Re-elected in 1872

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
44
45
VacantMarch 12, 1877 –
March 20, 1877
16JDonaldC2.jpg J. Donald CameronRepublicanMarch 20, 1877 –
March 3, 1897
45
(Continued)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
4616[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
47
48
4917Re-elected in 1884
50
51
5218Re-elected in 1890

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
53
54
17Boies Penrose1.jpg Boies PenroseRepublicanMarch 4, 1897 –
December 31, 1921
5519Elected in 1896
56
57
5820Re-elected in 1902
59
60
6121Re-elected in 1908
62
63
6422Re-elected in 1914
65
66
6723Re-elected in 1920

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
VacantDecember 31, 1921 –
January 9, 1922
18George Wharton Pepper 745bfa7049 o.jpg George Wharton PepperRepublicanJanuary 9, 1922 –
March 3, 1927
67
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Penrose's term
Elected to finish Penrose's term

Lost renomination
68
69
19WilliamVare.jpg William S. VareRepublicanMarch 4, 1927 –
December 6, 1929
7024Elected in 1926

Senate refused to seat due to allegations of corruption surrounding the election
71
VacantDecember 6, 1929 –
December 11, 1929
20Joseph R. GrundyRepublicanDecember 11, 1929 –
December 1, 1930
Appointed to continue Vare's term

Lost nomination to finish Vare's term
21Jjdavis.jpg James J. DavisRepublicanDecember 2, 1930 –
January 3, 1945
71
(Continued)
Elected to finish Vare's term
72
7325Re-elected in 1932
74
75
7626Re-elected in 1938

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
77
78
22M001127.jpg Francis J. MyersDemocraticJanuary 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
7927Elected in 1944

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
80
81
23James Henderson Duff.jpg James H. DuffRepublicanJanuary 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1957
8228Elected in 1950

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
83
84
24JosephSClark.jpg Joseph S. ClarkDemocraticJanuary 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1969
8529Elected in 1956
86
87
8830Re-elected in 1962

Lost re-election


89
90
25RichardSchweiker.jpg Richard S. SchweikerRepublicanJanuary 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1981
9131Elected in 1968
92
93
9432Re-elected in 1974

Did not run for re-election
95
96


26Arlen Specter, official Senate photo portrait.jpg Arlen SpecterRepublicanJanuary 3, 1981 –
January 3, 2011
9733Elected in 1980
98
99
10034Re-elected in 1986
101
102
10335Re-elected in 1992
104
105
10636Re-elected in 1998
107
108
10937Re-elected in 2004

Lost renomination
110
111
Democratic111
(Continued)
27Pat Toomey, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Pat ToomeyRepublicanJanuary 3, 2011 –
Present
11238Elected in 2010
113
114
#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history

See also [edit]