List of United States Senators from New Jersey

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This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from New Jersey. United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the New Jersey Legislature, and before 1935, their terms began March 4. The current Senators are Democrats Bob Menendez and Frank Lautenberg.

Contents

Class 1

Class 1 senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018.

#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history
1Jonathan ElmerPro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
11Elected in 1789

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
2Johnrutherfurd.jpg John RutherfurdFederalistMarch 4, 1791 –
December 5, 1798
22Elected in 1790
3
4
53Re-elected in 1796

Resigned for unclear reasons.[citation needed]
3Franklindavenport.jpg Franklin DavenportFederalistDecember 5, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Appointed to continue Rutherfurd's term

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
4James schureman.jpg James SchuremanFederalistMarch 4, 1799 –
February 16, 1801
6Elected to finish Rutherfurd's term

Resigned
Vacant
5Aaron Ogden.jpg Aaron OgdenFederalistFebruary 28, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
6
(Continued)
Elected to finish Schureman's term

Lost re-election
7
VacantMarch 3, 1803 –
September 1, 1803
84Legislature failed to elect
6Johncondit.jpg John ConditDemocratic-
Republican
September 1, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
8
(Continued)
Appointed to continue the term left vacant by the failure of the legislature to elect
Elected to finish the term left vacant by the failure of the legislature to elect

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
9
10
7Johnlambert.jpg John LambertDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1815
115Elected in 1809

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
12
13
8[ James J. WilsonDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
January 8, 1821
146Elected in 1815

Lost re-election,
and resigned early
15
16
VacantJanuary 8, 1821 –
January 26, 1821
9Samuel L. Southard SecNavy.jpg Samuel L. SouthardDemocratic-
Republican
January 26, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
16
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Wilson's term,
having been elected to the next term
177Elected in 1821

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
VacantMarch 4, 1823 –
November 12, 1823
18
10Josephmcilvaine.jpg Joseph McIlvaineAdams
Republican
November 12, 1823 –
August 19, 1826
18
(Continued)
Elected to finish Southard's term

Died
Anti-
Jacksonian
19
VacantAugust 19, 1826 –
November 10, 1826
11Ephraimbateman.jpg Ephraim BatemanAnti-
Jacksonian
November 10, 1826 –
January 12, 1829
19
(Continued)
Elected to finish McIlvaine's term
Adams208Elected to full term in 1826

Resigned because of failing health
VacantJanuary 12, 1829 –
January 30, 1829
12Mahlon Dickerson.jpg Mahlon DickersonJacksonianJanuary 30, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
20
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bateman's term

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
21
22
13Samuel L. Southard SecNavy.jpg Samuel L. SouthardAnti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
June 26, 1842
239Elected in 1833
24
Whig25
2610Re-elected in 1839

Resigned due to failing health
27
VacantJune 26, 1842 –
July 2, 1842
14William L. Dayton.jpg William L. DaytonWhigJuly 2, 1842 –
March 3, 1851
27
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Southard's term
Elected to finish Southard's term
28
2911Re-elected in 1845

Lost re-election
30
31
15Robert F. Stockton.jpg Robert F. StocktonDemocraticMarch 4, 1851 –
January 10, 1853
3212Elected in 1851

Resigned to become president of the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company
VacantJanuary 10, 1853 –
March 4, 1853
16JRThomson.jpg John Renshaw ThomsonDemocraticMarch 4, 1853 –
September 12, 1862
33Elected to finish Stockton's term
34
3513Re-elected in 1858

Died
36
37
VacantSeptember 12, 1862 –
November 21, 1862
17Richardstocktonfield.jpg Richard Stockton FieldRepublicanNovember 21, 1862 –
January 14, 1863
Appointed to continue Thomson's term

Retired when successor elected
18Jameswalterwall.jpg James Walter WallDemocraticJanuary 14, 1863 –
March 3, 1863
19WmWright.jpg William WrightDemocraticMarch 4, 1863 –
November 1, 1866
3814Elected in 1863

Died
39
VacantNovember 1, 1866 –
November 12, 1866
20Frederick T. Frelinghuysen - Brady-Handy.jpg Frederick T. FrelinghuysenRepublicanNovember 12, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
39
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Wright's term
Elected to finish Wright's term

Lost re-election
40
21John P. Stockton - Brady-Handy.jpg John P. StocktonDemocraticMarch 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
4115Elected in 1869

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
42
43
22Theodore Fitz Randolph - Brady-Handy.jpg Theodore F. RandolphDemocraticMarch 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
4416Elected in 1875

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
45
46
23William Joyce SewellRepublicanMarch 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
4717Elected in 1881

Lost re-election
48
49
24Rufusblodgett.jpg Rufus BlodgettDemocraticMarch 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
5018Elected in 1887

Retired
51
52
25Jamessmithjr.jpg James Smith, Jr.DemocraticMarch 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
5319Elected in 1893

Retired
54
55
26JohnkeanNJ.jpg John KeanRepublicanMarch 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
5620Elected in 1899
57
58
5921Re-elected in 1905

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
60
61
27Jamesedgarmartine.jpg James Edgar MartineDemocraticMarch 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
6222Elected in 1910

Lost re-election
63
64
28Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen, Sr.jpg Joseph S. FrelinghuysenRepublicanMarch 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
6523Elected in 1916

Lost re-election
66
67
29Edwardedwards.jpg Edward I. EdwardsDemocraticMarch 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
6824Elected in 1922

Lost re-election
69
70
30Hamiltonkean.jpg Hamilton Fish KeanRepublicanMarch 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
7125Elected in 1928

Lost re-election
72
73
31Harrymoore2.jpg A. Harry MooreDemocraticJanuary 3, 1935 –
January 17, 1938
7426Elected in 1934

Resigned to become Governor
75
32Johngeraldmilton.jpg John Gerald MiltonDemocraticJanuary 18, 1938 –
November 8, 1938
Appointed to continue Moore's term

Retired when successor elected
33Wwbarbour.jpg William Warren BarbourRepublicanNovember 8, 1938 –
November 22, 1943
75
(Continued)
Elected to finish Moore's term
76
7727Re-elected in 1940

Died
78
VacantNovember 22, 1943 –
November 26, 1943
34Arthurwalsh.jpg Arthur WalshDemocraticNovember 26, 1943 –
December 7, 1944
Appointed to finish Barbour's term

Retired when successor was elected
35Howardalexandersmith.jpg Howard Alexander SmithRepublicanDecember 7, 1944–
January 3, 1959
78
(Continued)
Elected to finish Barbour's term
79
8028Re-elected in 1946
81
82
8329Re-elected in 1952

Retired
84
85
36Harrison Williams(D-NJ).jpg Harrison A. WilliamsDemocraticJanuary 3, 1959–
March 11, 1982
8630Elected in 1958
87
88
8931Re-elected in 1964
90
91
9232Re-elected in 1970
93
94
9533Re-elected in 1976

Resigned
96
97
VacantMarch 11, 1982 –
April 12, 1982
37Nicholas Frederick Brady.jpg Nicholas F. BradyRepublicanApril 12, 1982 –
December 20, 1982
Appointed to finish Williams's term

Resigned early to give elected successor preferential seniority
VacantDecember 20, 1982 –
December 27, 1982
38Frank Lautenberg, official portrait, 112th portrait crop.jpg Frank LautenbergDemocraticDecember 27, 1982 –
January 3, 2001
97
(Continued)
Appointed early, having been already elected to the next term
9834Elected in 1982
99
100
10135Re-elected in 1988
102
103
10436Re-elected in 1994

Retired
105
106
39SenatorJonCorzine.jpg Jon S. CorzineDemocraticJanuary 3, 2001 –
January 17, 2006
10737Elected in 2000

Resigned to become N.J. Governor
108
109
40Robert Menendez, official Senate photo.jpg Bob MenendezDemocraticJanuary 18, 2006 –
Present
109
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Corzine's term
11038Elected to full term in 2006
111
112
11339Re-elected in 2012
114
115
#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history

Class 2

Class 2 senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for two sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history
1WilliamPaterson.jpg William PatersonPro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
November 13, 1790
11Elected in 1789

Resigned to become N.J. Governor
Vacant
2Philemon Dickinson.jpg Philemon DickinsonPro-
Administration
November 23, 1790–
March 3, 1793
1
(continued)
Elected to finish Paterson's term

Retired
2
3Portrait of General Frederick Frelinghuysen (1753-1804).jpg Frederick FrelinghuysenFederalistMarch 4, 1793–
November 12, 1796
32Elected in 1793

Resigned
4
4Richard StocktonFederalistNovember 12, 1796–
March 3, 1799
Elected to finish Frelinghuysen's term

Retired
5
5JDayton.jpg Jonathan DaytonFederalistMarch 4, 1799–
March 3, 1805
63Elected in 1799
7
8
6Aaron KitchellDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1805 –
March 12, 1809
94Elected in 1805

Resigned
10
11
VacantMarch 12, 1809 –
March 21, 1809
11
(continued)
7Johncondit.jpg John ConditDemocratic-
Republican
March 21, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
11
(continued)
Elected to finish the term.
125Re-elected to a full term in November, 1810.

13
14
8Mahlon Dickerson.jpg Mahlon DickersonDemocratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
January 30, 1829
156Elected in 1817
16
17
Crawford
Republican
187Re-elected in 1823

Resigned and immediately re-elected for the Class 1 seat
Jacksonian19
20
VacantJanuary 30, 1829 –
March 4, 1829
20
(continued)
9Theodore Frelinghuysen - Brady-Handy.jpg Theodore FrelinghuysenAnti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
218Elected in 1828

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
22
23
10GDWall.jpg Garret D. WallJacksonianMarch 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1841
249Elected in 1835

Lost re-election
Democratic25
26
11JWMiller.jpg Jacob W. MillerWhigMarch 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1853
2710Elected in 1840
28
29
3011Re-elected in 1846

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
31
32
12WmWright.jpg William WrightDemocraticMarch 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
3312Elected in 1852

Lost re-election
34
35
13John C. Ten Eyck - Brady-Handy.jpg John C. Ten EyckRepublicanMarch 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1865
3613Elected in 1858

Lost re-election
37
38
VacantMarch 3, 1865–
March 15, 1865
3914
14John P. Stockton - Brady-Handy.jpg John P. StocktonDemocraticMarch 15, 1865 –
March 27, 1866
Elected in 1864

Election disputed and seat declared vacant
Vacant
15Alexander G. Cattell - Brady-Handy.jpg Alexander G. CattellRepublicanSeptember 19, 1866 –
March 3, 1871
39
(continued)
Elected to finish Stockton's term

Retired
40
41
16Frederick T. Frelinghuysen - Brady-Handy.jpg Frederick Theodore FrelinghuysenRepublicanMarch 4, 1871–
March 3, 1877
4215Elected in 1871

Lost re-election
43
44
17John R. McPherson - Brady-Handy.jpg John R. McPhersonDemocraticMarch 4, 1877–
March 3, 1895
4516Elected in 1877
46
47
4817Re-elected in 1883
49
50
5118Re-elected in 1889

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
52
53
18Sewel 01.png William Joyce SewellRepublicanMarch 4, 1895–
December 27, 1901
5419Elected in 1895
55
56
5720Re-elected in 1901

Died
VacantDecember 27, 1901–
January 29, 1902
19JohnDryden.jpg John F. DrydenRepublicanJanuary 29, 1902–
March 3, 1907
57
(continued)
Elected to finish Sewell's term

Withdrew from election contest to full term
58
59
20FrankOBriggs.jpg Frank O. BriggsRepublicanMarch 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
6021Elected in 1906

Lost re-election
61
62
21WmHughes.jpg William HughesDemocraticMarch 4, 1913 –
January 30, 1918
6322Elected in 1912

Died
64
65
VacantJanuary 30, 1918 –
February 23, 1918
22DavidBaird.jpg David BairdRepublicanFebruary 23, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
65
(continued)
Appointed to continue Hughes's term
Elected to finish Hughes's term

Retired
23Walteredge.jpg Walter Evans EdgeRepublicanMarch 4, 1919 –
November 21, 1929
6623Elected in 1918
67
68
6924Re-elected in 1924

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to France
70
71
VacantNovember 21, 1929 –
November 30, 1929
24DavidBairdJr.jpg David Baird, Jr.RepublicanNovember 30, 1929 –
December 2, 1930
Appointed to continue Edge's term

Retired when successor qualified
25Dwight Morrow.jpg Dwight MorrowRepublicanDecember 3, 1930 –
October 5, 1931
71
(continued)
Elected to finish Edge's term
7225Elected to full term in 1930

Died
VacantOctober 5, 1931 –
December 1, 1931
26Wwbarbour.jpg William Warren BarbourRepublicanDecember 1, 1931 –
January 3, 1937
72
(continued)
Appointed to continue Morrow's term
Elected to finish Morrow's term

Lost re-election
73
74
VacantJanuary 3, 1937 –
April 15, 1937
7526
27William Smathers.jpg William H. SmathersDemocraticApril 15, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75
(Continued)
Elected in 1936, but installed late,
remaining until then a member of the state Senate

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
76
77
28Albert Wahl Hawkes.jpg Albert W. HawkesRepublicanJanuary 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
7827Elected in 1942

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
79
80
29Robert Clymer Hendrickson.jpg Robert C. HendricksonRepublicanJanuary 3, 1949 –
January 2, 1955
8128Elected in 1948

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
82
83
30Clifford P Case.jpg Clifford P. CaseRepublicanJanuary 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1979
8429Elected in 1954
85
86
8730Re-elected in 1960
88
89
9031Re-elected in 1966
91
92
9332Re-elected in 1972

Lost primary
94
95
31Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ).jpg Bill BradleyDemocraticJanuary 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
9633Elected in 1978
97
98
9934Re-elected in 1984
100
101
10235Re-elected in 1990

Retired
103
104
32Robert Torricelli.jpg Robert TorricelliDemocraticJanuary 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
10536Elected in 1996

Retired
106
107
33Frank Lautenberg, official portrait, 112th portrait crop.jpg Frank LautenbergDemocraticJanuary 3, 2003 –
Present
10837Elected in 2002
109
110
11138Re-elected in 2008
112
113
#SenatorPartyYearsCongressTermElectoral history

See also