List of United States Senators from Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Massachusetts. United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term, beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the Massachusetts General Court, and before 1935, their terms began March 4. The current Senators are Democrats Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey.

Mid-term vacancy appointment processes[edit source | edit]

Through the 20th century, mid-term vacancies were filled with the governor's appointee, with the appointment expiring at the next biennial state election. In 2004, the Democratic-controlled state legislature changed the vacancy-filling process, mandating that a special election occur, which removed the Governor's appointment power. This statute was enacted over the veto by the Governor, Mitt Romney. The leadership of the Massachusetts legislature at the time was concerned that the Republican governor Mitt Romney would appoint a Republican if Democratic Senator John Kerry were elected President of the United States in the 2004 election.[1][2][3][4] Generally, the law requires a special election within 145 to 160 days from the date of the filing of a Senate resignation. The law contemplates resignations that become effective some period of time after the filing of the resignation, so long as the election occurs after effective date of the resignation.[5]

While terminally ill with brain cancer, Ted Kennedy requested that the Massachusetts legislature change the law to allow an interim appointment. Kennedy died shortly thereafter, and the legislature quickly passed a bill providing for an interim appointment.[6] On September 24, 2009, Governor Patrick signed the bill and appointed Paul G. Kirk, who had previously served as one of Kennedy's congressional aides and as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Kirk stated he would not run in the special election.[7]

List of Senators[edit source | edit]

Class 1
Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for only one U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788/1789, and then the seat was contested again for the 2nd, 5th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. Those seats in recent years have been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018, with a special election taking place in 2010.

C
o
n
g
r
e
s
s

Class 2
Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first two United States Congresses in the first election of 1788/1789, and then the seat was contested again for the 3rd, 6th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. Those seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014, with a special election taking place in 2013.

SenatorPartyYears in officeElectoral historyT
e
r
m
T
e
r
m
Electoral historyYears in officePartySenator
TristramDalton.jpg
Tristram Dalton
Pro-
Admin.
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1789

Lost re-election
11st Congress1Elected in 1789March 4, 1789 –
June 1, 1796
Pro-
Admin.
Caleb strong.jpg
Caleb Strong
George Cabot.jpg
George Cabot
Pro-
Admin.
March 4, 1791 –
June 9, 1796
Elected in 1790

Resigned
22nd Congress
3rd Congress2Re-elected in 1793

Resigned
Federalist4th CongressFederalist
VacantJune 9, 1796 –
June 11, 1796
VacantVacantJune 1, 1796 –
June 11, 1796
Vacant
Goodhue.jpg
Benjamin Goodhue
FederalistJune 11, 1796 –
November 8, 1800
Elected to finish Cabot's termElected to finish Strong's term

Retired to run for the U.S. House of Representatives
June 11, 1796 –
March 3, 1799
FederalistTheodoreSedgwick.jpg
Theodore Sedgwick
Also elected to full term in 1796

Resigned
35th Congress
6th Congress3Elected in 1799

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War
March 4, 1799 –
May 30, 1800
FederalistSamuel Dexter.jpg
Samuel Dexter
6th Congress
(Continued)
VacantMay 31, 1800 –
June 5, 1800
Vacant
6th Congress
(Continued)
Elected to finish Dexter's term

Resigned
June 6, 1800 –
March 2, 1803
FederalistDFoster.jpg
Dwight Foster
VacantNovember 8, 1800 –
November 14, 1800
Vacant6th Congress
(Continued)
JonathanMason.jpg
Jonathan Mason
FederalistNovember 14, 1800 –
March 3, 1803
Elected to finish Goodhue's term6th Congress
(Continued)
7th Congress
7th Congress
(Continued)
VacantMarch 2, 1803 –
March 4, 1803
Vacant
John Quincy Adams.jpg
John Quincy Adams
FederalistMarch 4, 1803 –
June 8, 1808
Elected in 1802

Resigned
48th CongressElected to finish Foster's termMarch 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1811
FederalistTimothy-Pickering.jpg
Timothy Pickering
9th Congress4Re-elected in 1804

Lost re-election
10th Congress
JamesLloyd.jpg
James Lloyd
FederalistJune 9, 1808 –
May 1, 1813
Elected to finish Adams's term10th Congress
(Continued)
Re-elected in 1809

Resigned
511th Congress
12th Congress5The State Senate deadlocked in the 1810 electionMarch 4, 1811 –
June 28, 1811
Vacant
12th Congress
(Continued)
Elected after the spring 1811 state elections gave Democratic-Republicans control of the body.June 29, 1811 –
March 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
JosephBradleyVarnum.jpg
Joseph Bradley Varnum
13th Congress
VacantMay 1, 1813 –
May 5, 1813
Vacant13th Congress
(Continued)
ChristopherGore.jpg
Christopher Gore
FederalistMay 5, 1813 –
May 30, 1816
Appointed to finish Lloyd's term13th Congress
(Continued)
Elected to full term in 1815

Resigned
614th Congress
VacantJune 1, 1816 –
June 11, 1816
Vacant14th Congress
(Continued)
Eli P. AshmunFederalistJune 12, 1816 –
May 10, 1818
Elected to finish Gore's term

Resigned
14th Congress
(Continued)
15th Congress6Elected in 1817

Resigned
March 4, 1817 –
May 30, 1822
FederalistHarrisongrayotis.jpg
Harrison Gray Otis
VacantMay 11, 1818 –
June 4, 1818
Vacant
PrentissMellen.jpg
Prentiss Mellen
FederalistJune 5, 1818 –
May 15, 1820
Elected to finish Ashmun's term

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Maine
15th Congress
(Continued)
16th Congress
VacantMay 16, 1820 –
June 11, 1820
Vacant
ElijahMills.jpg
Elijah H. Mills
FederalistJune 12, 1820 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Mellen's term16th Congress
(Continued)
Re-elected in 1820

Lost re-election in 1826
717th Congress
17th Congress
(Continued)
Elected to finish Otis's termJune 5, 1822 –
May 23, 1826
FederalistJamesLloyd.jpg
James Lloyd
Adams-Clay
Federalist
18th Congress7Re-elected in 1822

Resigned
Adams-Clay
Federalist
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th CongressAnti-
Jacksonian
19th Congress
(Continued)
Elected to finish Lloyd's termMay 31, 1826 –
March 3, 1835
Anti-
Jacksonian
Nathaniel Silsbee.png
Nathaniel Silsbee
VacantMarch 4, 1827 –
June 8, 1827
Vacant820th CongressAdams
Black Dan.jpg
Daniel Webster
AdamsJune 8, 1827 –
February 22, 1841
Elected late in 182720th Congress
(Continued)
21st Congress8Re-elected in 1828

Retired
Anti-
Jacksonian
Anti-
Jacksonian
22nd Congress
Re-elected in 1833923rd Congress
24th Congress9Elected in 1835

Resigned to become Governor of Massachusetts
March 4, 1835 –
January 5, 1841
Anti-
Jacksonian
John Davis (Massachusetts Governor).jpg
John Davis
Whig25th CongressWhig
Re-elected in 1839

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
1026th Congress
26th Congress
(Continued)
VacantJanuary 5, 1841 –
January 13, 1841
Vacant
26th Congress
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Davis's termJanuary 13, 1841 –
March 16, 1845
WhigIsaacBates.jpg
Isaac C. Bates
RufusChoate.jpg
Rufus Choate
WhigFebruary 23, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Webster's term

Retired
26th Congress
(Continued)
27th Congress10Elected to full term in 1841

Died
28th Congress
DanielWebster.jpg
Daniel Webster
WhigMarch 4, 1845 –
July 22, 1850
Elected in 1845

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State again
1129th Congress
29th Congress
(Continued)
VacantMarch 16, 1845 –
March 24, 1845
Vacant
29th Congress
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bates's termMarch 24, 1845 –
March 3, 1853
WhigJohn Davis (Massachusetts Governor).jpg
John Davis
30th Congress11Re-elected in 1847

Retired
31st Congress
VacantJuly 23, 1850 –
July 29, 1850
Vacant31st Congress
RobertCharlesWinthrop.jpg
Robert Charles Winthrop
WhigJuly 30, 1850 –
February 1, 1851
Appointed to continue Webster's term

Lost election to finish Webster's term
31st Congress
RRantoul.jpg
Robert Rantoul, Jr.
DemocraticFebruary 1, 1851 –
March 3, 1851
Elected to finish Webster's term

Retired
31st Congress
(Continued)
VacantMarch 4, 1851 –
April 24, 1851
In 1851, Democrats gained control of the Massachusetts General Court in coalition with the Free Soilers. However, the legislature deadlocked on who should succeed Daniel Webster. Democrats refused to vote for Charles Sumner (the Free Soilers' choice). Sumner was eventually elected late.1232nd Congress
CSumner.jpg
Charles Sumner
Free SoilApril 24, 1851 –
March 11, 1874
32nd Congress
(Continued)
33rd Congress12Elected

Resigned
March 4, 1853 –
June 1, 1854
WhigEdward Everett.jpg
Edward Everett
33rd Congress
(Continued)
VacantJune 1, 1854 –
June 3, 1854
Vacant
33rd Congress
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Everett's term

Successor was elected
June 3, 1854 –
January 31, 1855
WhigJuliusRockwell.jpg
Julius Rockwell
33rd Congress
(Continued)
Elected to finish Everett's termJanuary 31, 1855 –
March 3, 1873
Free SoilHenry Wilson, US Vice President, photo portrait seated.jpg
Henry Wilson
Opposition34th CongressKnow-nothing
34th Congress
(Continued)
Opposition
RepublicanRe-elected in 18571335th CongressRepublican
36th Congress13Re-elected in 1859
37th Congress
Re-elected in 18631438th Congress
39th Congress14Re-elected in 1865
40th Congress
Re-elected in 1869

Died
1541st Congress
42nd Congress15Re-elected in 1871

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President
43rd CongressVacantMarch 3, 1873 –
March 17, 1873
Vacant
43rd Congress
(Continued)
Elected to finish Wilson's termMarch 17, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
RepublicanGeorge Boutwell, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg
George S. Boutwell
VacantMarch 12, 1874 –
April 16, 1874
Vacant43rd Congress
(Continued)
William B. Washburn - Brady-Handy.jpg
William B. Washburn
RepublicanApril 17, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish Sumner's term

Retired
43rd Congress
(Continued)
HLDawes.jpg
Henry L. Dawes
RepublicanMarch 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 18751644th Congress
45th Congress16Elected in 1877March 4, 1877 –
September 30, 1904
RepublicanGeorge Frisbie Hoar - Brady-Handy.jpg
George Frisbie Hoar
46th Congress
Re-elected in 18811747th Congress
48th Congress17Re-elected in 1883
49th Congress
Re-elected in 1887

Retired
1850th Congress
51st Congress18Re-elected in 1889
52nd Congress
HenryCabotLodgeSr.jpg
Henry Cabot Lodge
RepublicanMarch 4, 1893 –
November 9, 1924
Elected in 18931953rd Congress
54th Congress19Re-elected in 1895
55th Congress
Re-elected in 18982056th Congress
57th Congress20Re-elected in 1901

Died
58th Congress
58th Congress
(Continued)
VacantSeptember 30, 1904 –
October 12, 1904
Vacant
58th Congress
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Hoar's term

Elected to finish Hoar's term
October 12, 1904 –
March 3, 1913
RepublicanWinthrop Murray Crane.jpg
Winthrop M. Crane
Re-elected in 19042159th Congress
60th Congress21Re-elected in 1907

Retired
61st Congress
Re-elected in 19102262nd Congress
63rd Congress22Elected in 1912

Lost re-election
March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
RepublicanJohn Wingate Weeks, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg
John W. Weeks
64th Congress
Re-elected in 19162365th Congress
66th Congress23Elected in 1918

Lost re-election
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
DemocraticDavid Ignatius Walsh.jpg
David I. Walsh
67th Congress
Re-elected in 1922

Died
2468th Congress
VacantNovember 10, 1924 –
November 12, 1924
Vacant
William Butler.jpg
William M. Butler
RepublicanNovember 13, 1924 –
December 6, 1926
Appointed to continue Lodge's term

Lost election to finish Lodge's term
68th Congress
(Continued)
69th Congress24Elected in 1924

Retired
March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
RepublicanFrederick Huntington Gillett.png
Frederick H. Gillett
David Ignatius Walsh.jpg
David I. Walsh
DemocraticDecember 6, 1926 –
January 3, 1947
Elected to finish Lodge's term
70th Congress
Re-elected in 19282571st Congress
72nd Congress25Elected in 1930

Retired
March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1937
DemocraticMarcusACoolidge.jpg
Marcus A. Coolidge
73rd Congress
Re-elected in 19342674th Congress
75th Congress26Elected in 1936January 3, 1937 –
February 3, 1944
RepublicanHenryCabotLodgeJr.jpg
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
76th Congress
Re-elected in 1940

Lost re-election
2777th Congress
78th Congress27Re-elected in 1942

Resigned to return to active duty in the U.S. Army
78th Congress
(Continued)
VacantFebruary 4, 1944 –
February 7, 1944
Vacant
78th Congress
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Lodge's term

Retired & resigned early
February 8, 1944 –
December 19, 1944
RepublicanCharlesSinclairWeeks.jpg
Sinclair Weeks
78th Congress
(Continued)
VacantDecember 20, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
Vacant
79th CongressElected to finish Lodge's termJanuary 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1967
RepublicanLeverettSaltonstall.jpg
Leverett Saltonstall
HenryCabotLodgeJr.jpg
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
RepublicanJanuary 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1946

Lost re-election
2880th Congress
81st Congress28Re-elected in 1948
82nd Congress
John F Kennedy.jpg
John F. Kennedy
DemocraticJanuary 3, 1953 –
December 22, 1960
Elected in 19522983rd Congress
84th Congress29Re-elected in 1954
85th Congress
Re-elected in 1958

Resigned to become U.S. President
3086th Congress
VacantDecember 23, 1960 –
December 27, 1960
Vacant
SmithBen(D-MA).jpg
Benjamin Smith
DemocraticDecember 27, 1960 –
November 7, 1962
Appointed to continue John Kennedy's term

Retired
86th Congress
(Continued)
87th Congress30Re-elected in 1960

Retired
TedKennedy(D-MA).jpg
Ted Kennedy
DemocraticNovember 7, 1962 –
August 25, 2009
Elected to finish his brother's term
88th Congress
Re-elected in 19643189th Congress
90th Congress31Elected in 1966January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1979
RepublicanEdward Brooke.jpg
Edward Brooke
91st Congress
Re-elected in 19703292nd Congress
93rd Congress32Re-elected in 1972

Lost re-election
94th Congress
Re-elected in 19763395th Congress
96th Congress33Elected in 1978

Retired, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority
January 3, 1979 –
January 2, 1985
DemocraticSenator Paul Tsongas.jpg
Paul Tsongas
97th Congress
Re-elected in 19823498th Congress
98th Congress
(Continued)
Appointed early to finish Tsongas's term, having already been elected to the next termJanuary 2, 1985 –
February 1, 2013
DemocraticJohn Kerry headshot with US flag.jpg
John Kerry
99th Congress34Elected in 1984
100th Congress
Re-elected in 198835101st Congress
102nd Congress35Re-elected in 1990
103rd Congress
Re-elected in 199436104th Congress
105th Congress36Re-elected in 1996
106th Congress
Re-elected in 200037107th Congress
108th Congress37Re-elected in 2002
109th Congress
Re-elected in 2006

Died
38110th Congress
111th Congress38Re-elected in 2008

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
VacantAugust 26, 2009 –
September 24, 2009
Vacant
Paul Kirk Official Photo.jpg
Paul G. Kirk
DemocraticSeptember 24, 2009 –
February 4, 2010
Appointed to continue Ted Kennedy's term

Did not run for election to finish the term
Sbrownofficial.jpg
Scott Brown
RepublicanFebruary 4, 2010 –
January 3, 2013
Elected to finish Ted Kennedy's term

Lost re-election
111th Congress
(Continued)
112th Congress
Elizabeth Warren--Official 113th Congressional Portrait--.jpg
Elizabeth Warren
DemocraticJanuary 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 201239113th Congress
113th Congress
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Kerry's term

Did not run for election to finish the term[8]
February 1, 2013 –
July 16, 2013
DemocraticMo Cowan, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Mo Cowan
Elected to finish Kerry's termJuly 16, 2013 –
Present
DemocraticEd Markey, Official Portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg
Ed Markey
114th Congress39Elected (or re-elected) in 2014TBDTBDTBD
115th Congress
SenatorPartyYears in officeElectoral historyT
e
r
m
C
o
n
g
r
e
s
s
T
e
r
m
Electoral historyYears in officePartySenator
Class 1Class 2

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ Belluck, Pam (June 25, 2004). "Massachusetts Politicians Fight Over a Kerry Victory". New York times. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  2. ^ Zezima, Katie (July 2, 2004). "National Briefing: Massachusetts: Senate Approves Interim-Appointment Bill". New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  3. ^ Greenberger, Scott S. (July 31, 2004). "Romney veto overridden: Governor can no longer fill vacancies in the US Senate". Boston Globe. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Rob (July 16, 2004). "Devil in the Details: After Kerry, The Deluge". The American Prospect. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Chapter 236 of the Acts of 2004". Acts of 2004 (Session Laws). The General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. July 30, 2004. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  6. ^ Viser, Matt (September 23, 2009). "Legislature gives final approval to bill to fill Kennedy seat". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 23, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Paul Kirk officially appointed state’s interim senator". September 25, 2009. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  8. ^ Battenfeld, Joe; Chabot, Hillary; Cassidy, Chris (January 30, 2013). "Gov names adviser Mo Cowan to interim Senate post". Boston Herald. Retrieved January 30, 2013.