List of United States Navy four-star admirals

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This is a complete list of four-star admirals in the United States Navy. The rank of admiral (or full admiral, or four-star admiral) is the highest rank normally achievable in the U.S. Navy. It ranks above vice admiral (three-star admiral) and below fleet admiral (five-star admiral).

There have been 258 four-star admirals in the history of the U.S. Navy. Of these, 217 achieved that rank while on active duty, 40 were promoted upon retirement in recognition of combat citations, and one was promoted posthumously. Admirals entered the Navy via several paths: 227 were commissioned via the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA), 17 via Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC), 9 via Officer Candidate School (OCS), 2 via warrant, 1 via the Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD) Program, 1 via Aviation Officer Candidate School (AOCS) and 1 via the U.S. Merchant Marine.

List of admirals[edit]

Entries in the following list of four-star admirals are indexed by the numerical order in which each officer was promoted to that rank while on active duty, or by an asterisk (*) if the officer did not serve in that rank while on active duty. Each entry lists the admiral's name, date of rank,[1] active-duty positions held while serving at four-star rank,[2] number of years of active-duty service at four-star rank (Yrs),[3] year commissioned and source of commission,[4] number of years in commission when promoted to four-star rank (YC),[5] and other biographical notes.[6]

The list is sortable by last name, date of rank, number of years of active-duty service at four-star rank, year commissioned, and number of years in commission when promoted to four-star rank.

#NameDate of rank [1]PositionYrs [3]Commission[4]YC [5]Notes
1David G. Farragut25 Jul 1866  41810 (warrant)56(1801–1870) Brother-by-adoption of Navy four-star admiral David D. Porter Jr.
2David D. Porter Jr.15 Aug 1870  
  • Admiral of the Navy, 1870–1891.
  • Head, Board of Inspection, 1877–1891.
211829 (warrant)41(1813–1891) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1865–1869. Brother-by-adoption of Navy four-star admiral David G. Farragut.
3George Dewey02 Mar 1899  181858 (USNA)41(1837–1917) Promoted to The Admiral of the Navy, 24 Mar 1903, with date of rank 02 Mar 1899. Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for U.S. President, 1900.
4Frank F. Fletcher10 Mar 1915  21875 (USNA)40(1855–1928) [7] Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914. Uncle of Navy four-star admiral Frank J. Fletcher.
5Thomas B. Howard11 Mar 1915  11873 (USNA)42(1854–1920) [7] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Observatory, 1917–1919.
6Walter C. Cowles12 Mar 1915  11873 (USNA)42(1853–1917) [7]
7Albert G. Winterhalter09 Jul 1915  21877 (USNA)38(1856–1920) [7]
8Cameron M. Winslow13 Sep 1915  11875 (USNA)40(1854–1932) [7]
9Henry T. Mayo19 Jun 1916  31876 (USNA)41(1857–1937) [7][8] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1924–1928.
10William B. Caperton28 Jul 1916  31875 (USNA)41(1855–1941) [7][8] Special Representative of the President in Brazil, 1918.
11William S. Benson29 Aug 1916  31877 (USNA)[9]39(1855–1932) [7][8] Chairman/Commissioner, U.S. Shipping Board, 1919–1928.
12Austin M. Knight04 Apr 1917  11873 (USNA)[9]44(1854–1927) [7] Brother of Seattle Mayor Bertha Knight Landes.
13William S. Sims04 Dec 1918  21880 (USNA)[9]38(1858–1936) [7][8] Awarded Pulitzer Prize for History, 1921.
14Henry B. Wilson Jr.30 Jun 1919  21881 (USNA)[9]38(1861–1954) [7][8] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1921–1925. Father-in-law of U.S. Secretary of War Patrick J. Hurley.
15Hugh Rodman01 Jul 1919  21880 (USNA)[9]39(1859–1940) [7][8] U.S. Minister and Envoy to Peru, 1921.
16Albert Gleaves01 Sep 1919  21877 (USNA)[9]42(1858–1937) [7][8] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1928–1931.
17Robert E. Coontz01 Nov 1919  61885 (USNA)[9]34(1864–1935) [7][8] Governor of Guam, 1912–1913.
18Joseph Strauss04 Feb 1921  11885 (USNA)[9]36(1861–1948) [7][8]
19Hilary P. Jones30 Jun 1921  21884 (USNA)[9]37(1865–1939) [7][8]
20Edward W. Eberle05 Jul 1921  61885 (USNA)[9]36(1864–1929) [7] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1915–1919.
21Edwin A. Anderson28 Aug 1922  11882 (USNA)[9]40(1860–1933) [7] Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914.
22Samuel S. Robison30 Jun 1923  31888 (USNA)[9]35(1867–1952) [7][10] Military Governor of Santo Domingo, 1921–1922; Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1928–1931; Superintendent, Admiral Farragut Academy, 1931–1948. Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Charles F. Hughes.
23Thomas Washington11 Oct 1923  21887 (USNA)[9]36(1865–1954) [7][10] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1931–1937.
24Charles F. Hughes14 Oct 1925  51888 (USNA)[9]37(1866–1934) [7] Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Samuel S. Robison; daughter married brother of Navy five-star admiral Chester W. Nimitz.
25Clarence S. Williams14 Oct 1925  21884 (USNA)[9]41(1863–1951) [7][10]
26Richard H. Jackson04 Sep 1926  11887 (USNA)[9]39(1866–1971) [7][10] Distant cousin of Air Force four-star general Charles P. Cabell.
27Henry A. Wiley08 Sep 1927  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1927-1929.
21888 (USNA)[9]39(1867–1943) [7] Chairman/Commissioner, U.S. Maritime Commission, 1936–1940.
28Mark L. Bristol09 Sep 1927  21887 (USNA)[9]40(1868–1939) [7] U.S. High Commissioner, Turkey, 1919–1927.
29Louis R. de Steiguer10 Sep 1927  11889 (USNA)[9]38(1867–1947) [7][10]
30William V. Pratt26 Jun 1928  51889 (USNA)[9]39(1869–1957) [7][11]
31Louis M. Nulton21 May 1929  11889 (USNA)[9]40(1869–1954) [7][10] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1925–1928.
32Charles B. McVay Jr.09 Sep 1929  21890 (USNA)[9]39(1868–1949) [7][10]
33Frank H. Schofield24 May 1930  21890 (USNA)[9]40(1869–1942) [7]
34Jehu V. Chase17 Sep 1930  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1930–1931.
11890 (USNA)[9]40(1869–1937) [7]
35Montgomery M. Taylor01 Sep 1931  21890 (USNA)[9]41(1869–1952) [7][10] Grandnephew of U.S. President Zachary Taylor; distant cousin of Army four-star general Montgomery C. Meigs.
36Richard H. Leigh15 Sep 1931  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1931–1932.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1932–1933.
21891 (USNA)[9]40(1870–1946) [7][10]
37Luke McNamee11 Aug 1932  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1932–1933.
11892 (USNA)[9]40(1871–1952) [7][10] Governor of Guam, 1907.
38William H. Standley20 May 1933  41895 (USNA)[9]38(1872–1963) [7][11][12] U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1942–1943.
39David F. Sellers10 Jun 1933  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1933–1934.
11894 (USNA)[9]39(1874–1949) [7][10] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1934–1938.
40Joseph M. Reeves01 Jul 1933  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1933–1934.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1934–1936.
31894 (USNA)[9]39(1872–1948) [7][10][13]
41Frank B. Upham18 Aug 1933  21893 (USNA)[9]40(1872–1939) [7] Married aunt of Navy four-star admiral Robert B. Carney.
42Frank H. Brumby15 Jun 1934  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1934–1935.
11895 (USNA)[9]39(1874–1950) [7][10]
43Harris Laning01 Apr 1935  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1935–1936.
11895 (USNA)[9]40(1873–1941) [7] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1937–1941.
44Orin G. Murfin04 Oct 1935  11897 (USNA)[9]38(1876–1956) [7][10]
45William D. Leahy30 Mar 1936  101897 (USNA)[9]39(1875–1959) [14] Promoted to fleet admiral, 15 Dec 1944. Governor of Puerto Rico, 1939–1940; U.S. Ambassador to France, 1941–1942. Wife's niece married Navy four-star admiral David W. Bagley.
46Arthur J. Hepburn24 Jun 1936  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1936–1938.
21897 (USNA)[9]39(1877–1964) [7][10]
47Harry E. Yarnell30 Oct 1936  31897 (USNA)[9]39(1875–1959) [7][10][15]
48Claude C. Bloch02 Jan 1937  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1937–1938.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1938–1940.
31899 (USNA)[9]38(1878–1967) [7][16]
49Edward C. Kalbfus29 Jan 1938  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1938–1939.
11899 (USNA)[9]39(1877–1954) [7][10]
50James O. Richardson24 Jun 1939  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1939–1940.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1940–1941.
21902 (USNA)[9]37(1878–1974) [7][16] Relieved, 1941.
51Thomas C. Hart25 Jul 1939  31897 (USNA)[9]42(1877–1971) [17] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1931–1934; U.S. Senator from Connecticut, 1945–1946.
52Harold R. Stark01 Aug 1939  61903 (USNA)[9]36(1880–1972)
53Charles P. Snyder06 Jan 1940  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1940–1941.
11900 (USNA)[9]40(1879–1964) [7][16]
54Husband E. Kimmel01 Feb 1941  01904 (USNA)[9]37(1882–1968) [7] Relieved, 1941. Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid.
55Ernest J. King01 Feb 1941  41901 (USNA)[9]40(1878–1956) Promoted to fleet admiral, 17 Dec 1944. Awarded Congressional Gold Medal, 1946. Father-in-law of Air Force four-star general Frederic H. Smith Jr.
56Chester W. Nimitz31 Dec 1941  61905 (USNA)[9]36(1885–1966) Promoted to fleet admiral, 19 Dec 1944. Brother married daughter of Navy four-star admiral Charles F. Hughes.
57Royal E. Ingersoll01 Jul 1942  31905 (USNA)[9]37(1883–1976)
58William F. Halsey Jr.18 Nov 1942  31904 (USNA)[9]38(1882–1959) Promoted to fleet admiral, 04 Dec 1945.
59Raymond A. Spruance16 Feb 1944  41906 (USNA)[9]38(1886–1969) U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines, 1952–1955.
60Jonas H. Ingram15 Nov 1944  21909 (USNA)[9]35(1886–1952) Commissioner, All-America Football Conference, 1947–1949. Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914.
61Frederick J. Horne15 Dec 1944  11899 (USNA)[9]45(1880–1959)
62Richard S. Edwards Jr.03 Apr 1945  21907 (USNA)[9]38(1885–1956)
63H. Kent Hewitt03 Apr 1945  41907 (USNA)[9]38(1887–1972)
64Thomas C. Kinkaid03 Apr 1945  51908 (USNA)[9]37(1888–1972) Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Husband E. Kimmel.
65Richmond K. Turner24 May 1945  21908 (USNA)[9]37(1885–1961)
66Samuel M. Robinson27 Aug 1945  11903 (USNA)[9]42(1882–1972) Administrator, Webb Institute of Naval Architecture, 1946–1951. First engineering officer to attain rank of admiral.
*John S. McCain Sr.06 Sep 1945  
  • (posthumous)
01906 (USNA)[9]39(1884–1945) Father of Navy four-star admiral John S. McCain Jr.; grandfather of U.S. Senator John S. McCain III.
67John H. Towers07 Nov 1945  21906 (USNA)[9]39(1885–1955)
68DeWitt C. Ramsey28 Dec 1945  41912 (USNA)33(1888–1961)
69Louis E. Denfeld07 Jan 1946  21912 (USNA)34(1891–1972) [18] Candidate for Republican Party nomination for Governor of Massachusetts, 1950. Relieved, 1949.
70Charles M. Cooke Jr.08 Jan 1946  21910 (USNA)[9]36(1886–1970)
71Marc A. Mitscher01 Mar 1946  11910 (USNA)[9]36(1887–1947) Died in office.
72Ben Moreell11 Jun 1946  01917 (CEC)29(1892–1978) First staff corps officer to attain rank of admiral.
73Richard L. Conolly23 Sep 1946  41914 (USNA)32(1892–1962) [19] President, Long Island University, 1953–1962.
74William H.P. Blandy03 Feb 1947  31913 (USNA)34(1890–1954)
75Arthur W. Radford07 Apr 1949  81916 (USNA)33(1896–1973) Married aunt of Army four-star general Michael S. Davison.
76Forrest P. Sherman02 Nov 1949  21917 (USNA)32(1896–1951) Died in office.
77William M. Fechteler01 Feb 1950  61916 (USNA)34(1896–1967)
78Robert B. Carney02 Oct 1950  51916 (USNA)34(1895–1990) Aunt married Navy four-star admiral Frank B. Upham.
79Lynde D. McCormick22 Dec 1950  41915 (USNA)35(1895–1956) [20]
80Donald B. Duncan09 Aug 1951  51917 (USNA)34(1896–1975) Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1957–1962. Brother-in-law of U.S. Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins.
81Felix B. Stump27 Jun 1953  51917 (USNA)36(1894–1972)
82Jerauld Wright06 Apr 1954  61917 (USNA)37(1898–1995) U.S. Ambassador to China, 1963–1965.
83John H. Cassady07 Apr 1954  21918 (USNA)36(1896–1969)
84Arleigh A. Burke06 Jun 1955  61923 (USNA)32(1901–1996) Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1977.
85Robert P. Briscoe30 Apr 1956  31918 (USNA)38(1897–1968)
86Walter F. Boone01 May 1956  41920 (USNA)36(1898–1995) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1954–1956; Deputy Associate Administrator for Defense Affairs, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1962–1968.
87Harry D. Felt01 Sep 1956  81923 (USNA)33(1902–1992)
88Maurice E. Curts29 Apr 1957  11919 (USNA)38(1898–1976) [19]
89James L. Holloway Jr.01 Jan 1958  11918 (USNA)40(1898–1984) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1947–1950; Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1962–1966. Father of Navy four-star admiral James L. Holloway III.
90Herbert G. Hopwood01 Feb 1958  21919 (USNA)39(1898–1966)
91James S. Russell21 Jul 1958  71926 (USNA)32(1903–1996)
92Charles R. Brown01 Jan 1959  21921 (USNA)38(1899–1983)
93Robert L. Dennison01 Feb 1959  41923 (USNA)36(1901–1980)
94Harold Page Smith01 Feb 1960  51924 (USNA)36(1904–1993) Uncle of Navy four-star admiral Leighton W. Smith, Jr.
95John H. Sides01 Mar 1960  31925 (USNA)35(1904–1978)
96George W. Anderson Jr.01 Aug 1961  21927 (USNA)34(1906–1992) U.S. Ambassador to Portugal, 1961–1963.
97Claude V. Ricketts01 Nov 1961  31929 (USNA)32(1906–1964) Died in office.
98David L. McDonald01 Apr 1963  41928 (USNA)35(1906–1997)
99Charles D. Griffin26 Jun 1963  51927 (USNA)36(1906–1996)
100U.S. Grant Sharp Jr.27 Sep 1963  51927 (USNA)36(1906–2001) Great-aunt married U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.
101Thomas H. Moorer26 Jun 1964  101933 (USNA)31(1912–2004)
102Horacio Rivero Jr.31 Jul 1964  81931 (USNA)33(1910–2000) U.S. Ambassador to Spain, 1972–1974.
103John S. Thach25 Mar 1965  21927 (USNA)38(1905–1981)
104Alfred G. Ward27 Mar 1965  31932 (USNA)33(1909–1982)
105Roy L. Johnson31 Mar 1965  21929 (USNA)36(1906–1999)
106John S. McCain Jr.01 May 1967  51931 (USNA)36(1911–1981) Son of Navy four-star admiral John S. McCain Sr.; father of U.S. Senator John S. McCain III.
107Ignatius J. Galantin19 May 1967  31933 (USNA)34(1910–2004)
108Ephraim P. Holmes17 Jun 1967  31930 (USNA)37(1908–1997)
109John J. Hyland Jr.01 Dec 1967  31934 (USNA)33(1912–1998)
110Bernard A. Clarey17 Jan 1968  51934 (USNA)34(1912–1996)
111Waldemar F.A. Wendt12 Jul 1968  31933 (USNA)35(1912–1997)
112Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr.01 Jul 1970  41942 (USNA)28(1920–2000) Democratic Party nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1976. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998.
113Charles K. Duncan01 Sep 1970  21933 (USNA)37(1911–1994)
114Jackson D. Arnold14 Oct 1970  11934 (USNA)36(1912–2007) First restricted line officer to attain rank of admiral.
115Ralph W. Cousins1970-10-3030 Oct 1970  51937 (USNA)33(1915–2009)
116William F. Bringle01 Jul 1971  21937 (USNA)34(1913–1999)
117Isaac C. Kidd Jr.01 Dec 1971  71942 (USNA)29(1919–1999)
118Richard G. Colbert01 Jun 1972  11937 (USNA)35(1915–1973)
119Noel A.M. Gayler01 Sep 1972  41935 (USNA)37(1914–2011) Director, National Security Agency, 1969–1972.
120Maurice F. Weisner01 Sep 1972  71941 (USNA)31(1917–2006)
121James L. Holloway III01 Sep 1973  51942 (USNA)31(1922–       ) Son of Navy four-star admiral James L. Holloway Jr.
122Worth H. Bagley01 Sep 1973  21947 (USNA)26(1924–       ) Son of Navy four-star admiral David W. Bagley; brother of Navy four-star admiral David H. Bagley; great-aunt married Navy five-star admiral William D. Leahy; great-aunt married U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels.
123Hyman G. Rickover16 Nov 1973  91922 (USNA)51(1900–1986) [21] Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1980; Congressional Gold Medal, 1958 and 1982.
124Means Johnston Jr.25 Nov 1973  21939 (USNA)34(1916–1989)
125Harold E. Shear24 May 1974  61942 (USNA)32(1918–1999) Administrator, U.S. Maritime Administration, 1981–1985.
126John P. Weinel02 Aug 1974  31939 (USNA)35(1916–2004)
127Frederick H. Michaelis19 Apr 1975  31940 (USNA)35(1917–1992)
128David H. Bagley21 May 1975  21943 (USNA)32(1920–1992) Son of Navy four-star admiral David W. Bagley; brother of Navy four-star admiral Worth H. Bagley; great-aunt married Navy five-star admiral William D. Leahy; great-aunt married U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels.
129Stansfield Turner01 Sep 1975  41946 (USNA)29(1923–       )
130Daniel J. Murphy1976  
  • Deputy to the Director of Central Intelligence for the Intelligence Community (D/DCI/IC), 1976–1977.
11943 (OCS)33(1922–2001) U.S. Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, 1977–1981; Chief of Staff to the U.S. Vice President, 1981–1985.
131Thomas B. Hayward12 Aug 1976  61947 (USNA)29(1924–       )
132Robert L. J. Long05 Jul 1977  61943 (USNA)34(1920–2002)
133Donald C. Davis09 May 1978  31943 (USNA)35(1921–1998)
134Alfred J. Whittle Jr.01 Aug 1978  31945 (USNA)33(1924–1993)
135Harry D. Train II01 Oct 1978  41949 (USNA)29(1927–       )
136James D. Watkins18 Sep 1979  71949 (USNA)30(1927–2012) U.S. Secretary of Energy, 1989–1993.
137William J. Crowe Jr.30 May 1980  91947 (USNA)33(1925–2007) U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1994–1997. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2000.
138Bobby R. Inman12 Feb 1981  11952 (OCS)29(1931–       ) [22] Director, National Security Agency, 1977–1981. First naval intelligence specialist to attain rank of admiral.
139William N. Small01 Jul 1981  41948 (USNA)33(1927–       )
140John G. Williams Jr.01 Jul 1981  21947 (USNA)34(1924–1991)
141George E.R. Kinnear II31 Jul 1981  11948 (OCS)33(1928–       )
142Kinnaird R. McKee02 Mar 1982  61951 (USNA)31(1929–       ) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1975–1978.
143Sylvester R. Foley Jr.28 May 1982  31950 (USNA)32(1928–       ) U.S. Assistant Secretary of Energy for Defense Programs, 1985–1988.
144Wesley L. McDonald01 Oct 1982  31946 (USNA)36(1924–2009)
145Ronald J. Hays29 Apr 1983  51950 (USNA)33(1928–       )
146Steven A. White01 Aug 1983  21952 (NROTC)31(1928–       ) Manager of Nuclear Power, Tennessee Valley Authority, 1986–1988.
147Lee Baggett Jr.30 May 1985  31950 (USNA)35(1927–1999)
148James A. Lyons Jr.16 Sep 1985  21952 (USNA)33(1927–       )
149Carlisle A.H. Trost04 Oct 1985  51953 (USNA)32(1930–       )
150James B. Busey IV17 Oct 1985  41954 (NAVCAD)31(1932–       ) Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration, 1989–1991; U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation, 1991–1992.
151Arthur S. Moreau Jr.15 Nov 1985  11953 (USNA)32(1931–1986)
152Frank B. Kelso II13 Jun 1986  81956 (USNA)30(1933–2013)
153Huntington Hardisty11 Mar 1987  41952 (USNA)35(1929–2003)
154Powell F. Carter Jr.01 Oct 1987  41955 (USNA)32(1931–       )
155David E. Jeremiah01 Oct 1987  71956 (OCS)32(1934–       )
156Leon A. Edney01 Oct 1988  41957 (USNA)31(1935–       )
157Bruce DeMars01 Nov 1988  81957 (USNA)31(1935–       )
158James R. Hogg01 Dec 1988  31956 (USNA)32(1934–       )
159Jonathan T. Howe01 Jun 1989  31957 (USNA)32(1935–       ) U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Politico-Military Affairs, 1982–1984; Special Representative of the U.N. Secretary General for Somalia, 1993–1994.
160Charles R. Larson01 Mar 1990  81958 (USNA)32(1936–       ) [23] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1983–1986; Democratic Party nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, 2002.
161Jerome L. Johnson01 Jul 1990  21956 (NROTC)34(1935–       )
162Paul D. Miller01 Feb 1991  31964 (OCS)27(1941–       )
163William D. Smith22 Feb 1991  21955 (USNA)36(1933–       )
164Robert J. Kelly01 Mar 1991  31959 (USNA)32(1938–       )
165Jeremy M. Boorda02 Mar 1992  41962 (OCS)30(1938–1996) Died in office.
166William O. Studeman09 Apr 1992  31962 (NROTC)30(1940–       ) Director, National Security Agency, 1988–1992.
167Stanley R. Arthur06 Jul 1992  31957 (NROTC)35(1935–       ) [24]
168Henry H. Mauz Jr.01 Aug 1992  21959 (USNA)33(1936–       )
169Henry G. Chiles Jr.14 Feb 1994  21960 (USNA)34(1938–       )
170William A. Owens01 Mar 1994  21962 (USNA)32(1940–       )
171Leighton W. Smith Jr.01 May 1994  21962 (USNA)32(1939–       ) Nephew of Navy four-star admiral Harold Page Smith.
172Richard C. Macke01 Oct 1994  21960 (USNA)34(1938–       ) [7] Relieved, 1996.
173Ronald J. Zlatoper05 Oct 1994  21963 (NROTC)31(1941–       )
174William J. Flanagan Jr.01 Nov 1994  21964 (MMA)[25]30(1943–       )
175Joseph W. Prueher01 Jun 1995  41964 (USNA)31(1942–       ) U.S. Ambassador to China, 1999–2001.
176Jay L. Johnson01 Apr 1996  41968 (USNA)28(1946–       )
177Thomas J. Lopez31 Jul 1996  21964 (NROTC)32(1940–       )
178Frank L. Bowman01 Oct 1996  81966 (NROTC)30(1944–       )
179Harold W. Gehman Jr.01 Oct 1996  41965 (NROTC)31(1942–       )
180Archie R. Clemins01 Jan 1997  21966 (NROTC)31(1943–       )
181J. Paul Reason01 Feb 1997  21965 (USNA)32(1941–       )
182Donald L. Pilling30 Oct 1997  31965 (USNA)32(1943–2008)
183Richard W. Mies01 Aug 1998  31967 (USNA)31(1944–       )
184Charles S. Abbot01 Sep 1998  21966 (USNA)32(1945–       ) Deputy Director, Office of Homeland Security, 2001–2003.
185James O. Ellis01 Jan 1999  51969 (USNA)30(1947–       )
186Dennis C. Blair01 May 1999  31968 (USNA)31(1946–       ) President, Institute for Defense Analyses, 2003–2006; Director of National Intelligence, 2009–2010.
187Vernon E. Clark01 Nov 1999  61968 (OCS)31(1944–       )
188Thomas B. Fargo01 Dec 1999  61970 (USNA)29(1948–       )
189Robert J. Natter01 Sep 2000  31967 (USNA)33(1945–       )
190William J. Fallon01 Nov 2000  81967 (NROTC)33(1944–       ) Resigned, 2008.
191Gregory G. Johnson24 Oct 2001  31969 (NROTC)32(1946–       )
192Walter F. Doran04 May 2002  31967 (NROTC)35(1945–       )
193Edmund P. Giambastiani Jr.02 Oct 2002  51970 (USNA)32(1948–       )
194Michael G. Mullen28 Aug 2003  81968 (USNA)35(1946–       )
195John B. Nathman01 Dec 2004  31970 (USNA)34(1948–       )
196Timothy J. Keating01 Jan 2005  51971 (USNA)34(1949–       )
197Kirkland H. Donald01 Jan 2005  81975 (USNA)30(1953–       )
198Robert F. Willard18 Mar 2005  71973 (USNA)32(1950–       )
199Henry G. Ulrich III22 Jul 2005  21972 (USNA)33(1950–       )
200Gary Roughead01 Sep 2005  61973 (USNA)32(1951–       )
201James G. Stavridis18 Oct 2006  71976 (USNA)30(1955–       )
202Patrick M. WalshApr 2007  51977 (USNA)30(1955–       )
203Eric T. Olson06 Jul 2007  41973 (USNA)34(1952–       ) First Navy SEAL to achieve the grade of four-star admiral.
204Jonathan W. Greenert 29 Sep 2007  71975 (USNA)32(1953–       )
205Mark P. Fitzgerald30 Nov 2007  31973 (NROTC)34(1951–       )
206John C. Harvey Jr.24 Jul 2009  31973 (USNA)36(1951–       )
207James A. Winnefeld, Jr.19 May 2010  41978 (NROTC)32(1956–       )
208Samuel J. Locklear III 06 Oct 2010  41977 (USNA)33(1954–       )
209William H. McRaven 08 Aug 2011  31977 (NROTC)34(1955–       )
210Mark E. Ferguson III 22 Aug 2011  31978 (USNA)33(1956–       )
211Cecil D. Haney 20 Jan 2012  21978 (USNA)34(195?–       )
212Bruce W. Clingan 24 Feb 2012  21977 (NROTC)34(1955–       )
213William E. Gortney 14 Sep 2012  21977 (AOCS)35(1955–       )
214John M. Richardson 02 Nov 2012  21982 (USNA)31(19??–       )
215Harry B. Harris Jr. 16 Oct 2013  11978 (USNA)35(1956–       )
216Michelle J. Howard  01982 (USNA)--(1960–       )
217Michael S. Rogers  01981 (NROTC)--(1959–       )

Tombstone admirals[edit]

The Act of Congress of March 4, 1925, allowed officers in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard to be promoted one grade upon retirement if they had been specially commended for performance of duty in actual combat. Combat citation promotions were colloquially known as "tombstone promotions" because they conferred all the perks and prestige of the higher rank including the loftier title on their tombstones but no additional retirement pay. The Act of Congress of February 23, 1942, enabled tombstone promotions to three- and four-star grades. Tombstone promotions were subsequently restricted to citations issued before January 1, 1947, and finally eliminated altogether effective November 1, 1959. The practice was terminated in an effort to encourage senior officer retirements prior to the effective date of the change to relieve an overstrength in the senior ranks.

Any admiral who actually served in a grade while on active duty receives precedence on the retired list over any tombstone admiral holding the same retired grade. Tombstone admirals rank among each other according to the dates of their highest active duty grade.

The following list of tombstone admirals is sortable by last name, date of rank as vice admiral, date retired, and year commissioned.

NameDate of rank (VADM)Date retiredCommission [4]Notes
1William L. Calhoun16 Jun 1942  Dec 1946  1906 (USNA)[9](1885–1963) [29] Great-grandson of U.S. Vice President John C. Calhoun.
2Frank J. Fletcher26 Jun 1942  May 1947  1906 (USNA)[9](1885–1973) Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914. Nephew of Navy four-star admiral Frank F. Fletcher.
3Aubrey W. Fitch28 Dec 1942  Jul 1947  1906 (USNA)[9](1883–1948) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1945–1947.
4John Howard Hoover01 Jan 1943  Jul 1948  1906 (USNA)[9](1887–1970)
5Alan G. Kirk10 Sep 1944  Mar 1946  1909 (USNA)[9](1888–1963) U.S. Ambassador to Belgium and Luxembourg, 1946–1947; to Soviet Union, 1949–1952; to China, 1962–1963.
6George D. Murray29 Nov 1944  Aug 1951  1911 (USNA)[9](1889–1956)
7Jesse B. Oldendorf07 Dec 1944  Sep 1948  1909 (USNA)[9](1887–1974)
8Arthur S. Carpender03 Apr 1945  Nov 1946  1908 (USNA)[9](1884–1959) Superintendent, Admiral Farragut Academy, 1948–19??
9Harry W. Hill22 Apr 1945  1952-05-00May 1952  1911 (USNA)[9](1890–1971) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1950–1952; Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1952–1954.
10Frederick C. Sherman13 Jul 1945  Mar 1947  1910 (USNA)[9](1880–1957)
11John L. Hall Jr.10 Dec 1945  May 1953  1913 (USNA)(1891–1978)
12Oscar C. Badger II13 Dec 1945  Jun 1952  1911 (USNA)[9](1890–1958) Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914. Cousin of U.S. Secretary of the Navy George E. Badger.
13John D. Price31 Aug 1946  Jun 1954  1916 (USNA)(1892–1957)
14Francis S. Low12 Mar 1947  Jul 1956  1915 (USNA)(1894–1964)
15David W. Bagley01 Apr 1947  Apr 1947  1904 (USNA)[9](1883–1960) Father of Navy four-star admiral David H. Bagley and Navy four-star admiral Worth H. Bagley; grandson of North Carolina Governor Jonathan Worth; aunt married U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels; wife's aunt married Navy five-star admiral William D. Leahy.
16Harold B. Sallada11 May 1947  Oct 1949  1917 (USNA)(1895–1977)
17Arthur D. Struble26 Apr 1948  Jul 1956  1915 (USNA)[30](1894–1983)
18Russell S. Berkey01 Jul 1948  Sep 1950  1916 (USNA)(1893–1984)
19John W. Reeves, Jr.01 Apr 1949  May 1950  1911 (USNA)[9](1888–1967) General Manager, Los Angeles International Airport, 1950–1952.
20C. Turner Joy01 Aug 1949  Jul 1954  1916 (USNA)(1895–1956) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1952–1954.
21Thomas L. Sprague15 Aug 1949  Apr 1952  1917 (USNA)(1894–1972)
22John J. Ballentine01 Nov 1949  May 1954  1917 (USNA)(1896–1970)
23Matthias B. Gardner01 Oct 1950  Aug 1956  1919 (USNA)(1897–1975)
24Albert G. Noble29 Dec 1950  Oct 1951  1917 (USNA)(1885–1980)
25Harold M. Martin01 Feb 1951  Feb 1956  1919 (USNA)(1896–1972)
26Arthur C. Davis12 Feb 1951  Apr 1955  1915 (USNA)(1893–1965)
27Laurence T. DuBose30 Mar 1951  Jun 1955  1913 (USNA)(1893–1967)
28James Fife Jr.09 Aug 1951  Aug 1955  1918 (USNA)(1897–1975) Director, Mystic Seaport, 1956–1975
29Frank G. Fahrion28 Dec 1951  May 1956  1917 (USNA)(1894–1970)
30Joseph J. Clark07 Mar 1952  Dec 1953  1918 (USNA)(1893–1971)
31Roscoe F. Good27 Mar 1953  Mar 1958  1919 (USNA)(1897–1974)
32William K. Phillips28 Jul 1953  Aug 1955  1918 (USNA)(1894–1986)
33John E. Gingrich30 Jul 1953  Oct 1954  1919 (USNA)(1897–1960)
34Alfred M. Pride09 Oct 1953  Oct 1959  1918 (OCS)[31](1897–1988)
35Edmund T. Wooldridge06 Apr 1954  Aug 1958  1920 (USNA)(1897–1968)
36Austin K. Doyle07 May 1954  Aug 1958  1920 (USNA)(1898–1970)
37Stuart S. Murray07 Dec 1955  Aug 1956  1918 (USNA)(1898–1980) Nephew of Oklahoma governor William H. Murray.
38Cato D. Glover Jr.08 Dec 1955  Sep 1957  1919 (USNA)(1897–1988)
39John M. Will17 Apr 1956  Jul 1959  1923 (USNA)(1899–1981)
40Byron N. Hanlon01 Nov 1957  Oct 1958  1921 (USNA)(1900–1977)

Timeline[edit]

Four-star positions[edit]

1866–1940[edit]

The rank of admiral was created in 1866 to honor the Civil War achievements of David G. Farragut. Upon his death, another Civil War hero, David D. Porter Jr., succeeded to the title. In 1873, Congress stated that further vacancies in the grade would not be filled, and the rank lapsed with Porter's death in 1890. Congress revived the rank in 1899 to honor George Dewey, stipulating that the grade would again cease to exist upon his death or retirement. In 1903, Dewey was promoted to the unique rank of The Admiral of the Navy, which during his lifetime was considered to be equivalent to an admiral of the fleet, but was later declared to be senior to the five-star grade of fleet admiral.

The Act of March 3, 1915, provided that the commanders in chief of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic Fleets would have the rank of admiral while so serving, and their seconds in command the rank of vice admiral. In 1916, the chief of naval operations was also made an admiral while so serving, ranking next after The Admiral of the Navy. The ranks of admiral and vice admiral were strictly temporary appointments for the duration of an officer's tour in designated billets, and the temporary admiral reverted to his permanent grade of rear admiral immediately upon vacating the office bearing the title.

In 1917, Congress accommodated the Navy's desire to reorganize the fleet by authorizing the President to appoint three admirals and three vice admirals for any six fleet command positions. All fleet command tours lasted one year except for the commander in chief of the U.S. Fleet, whose term was sometimes renewed for a second year, and the commander in chief of the Asiatic Fleet, whose command was considered a backwater. (The chief of naval operations was appointed for four years.) Officers would typically "fleet up" to admiral or vice admiral for their year of fleet command and then revert to rear admiral to mark time until mandatory retirement.

1941–present[edit]

During World War II, the President was authorized to create as many admirals and vice admirals as he deemed necessary for the duration of the emergency. Most of these new creations retired at the end of the war, having been promoted to reward service in the fleet or headquarters, or to achieve parity with wartime counterparts. Although three- and four-star ranks remained temporary appointments, the practice of reverting to a lower grade pending retirement largely halted after 1942, when Congress authorized officers to be retired in the highest grade in which they served on active duty.[32] The rank of fleet admiral was created in 1944, and the four officers promoted to that grade were allowed to remain on active duty permanently.

By 1956, the Navy had equilibrated at a total of seven permanent billets bearing four-star rank: the chief of naval operations (CNO); the vice chief of naval operations (VCNO), the commanders in chief of the unified commands in the Pacific (CINCPAC) and Atlantic (CINCLANT); the commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT); the commander in chief of U.S. Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean (CINCNELM) (retitled commander in chief of U.S. Naval Forces Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR) in 1960); and the commander in chief of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces in Southern Europe (CINCSOUTH). In 1965, an eighth billet was added when the chief of naval material (CNM) was promoted to admiral. Occasionally this count would fluctuate when a Navy officer was selected as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), as the chairman's four-star representative to the NATO Military Committee (USMILREP), or as the director or deputy director of central intelligence; or by special legislation.[23]

When the long-serving director of the naval nuclear reactor program, Hyman G. Rickover, was finally compelled to retire in 1982, his successor was promoted to admiral and appointed director of naval nuclear propulsion, institutionalizing the position as a permanent four-star billet. To compensate, another four-star billet was eliminated by merging Allied Forces Southern Europe with U.S. Naval Forces Europe. Similarly, when the U.S. Atlantic Fleet commander (CINCLANTFLT) was separated from the Atlantic unified commander in 1985, the number of four-star billets was conserved by eliminating the chief of naval material position. The U.S. Atlantic Fleet was replaced by U.S. Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM) in 2006.

With the end of the Cold War, U.S. Atlantic Command was repurposed as the joint force trainer, becoming U.S. Joint Forces Command in 1999. The change in mission cost the Navy its traditional monopoly over that command, which has since rotated among all the services, but the Navy made up the difference through repeated appointments to other combatant commands and to the vice chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (VCJCS). All military commanders in chief were retitled "Commanders" in 2002, when the title of "Commander in Chief" was reserved solely to the President of the United States.

Michael S. RogersMichelle J. HowardHarry B. Harris Jr.John M. Richardson (admiral)William E. GortneyBruce W. ClinganCecil D. HaneyMark E. Ferguson IIIWilliam H. McRavenSamuel J. LocklearJames A. Winnefeld, Jr.John C. Harvey, Jr.Mark P. FitzgeraldJonathan W. GreenertEric T. OlsonPatrick M. WalshJames G. StavridisGary RougheadHenry G. Ulrich IIIRobert F. WillardKirkland H. DonaldTimothy J. KeatingJohn B. NathmanMichael MullenEdmund P. Giambastiani Jr.Walter F. DoranGregory G. JohnsonWilliam J. FallonRobert J. NatterThomas B. FargoVernon E. ClarkDennis Blair (U.S. Navy officer)James O. EllisCharles S. AbbotRichard W. MiesDonald L. PillingJ. Paul ReasonArchie R. CleminsHarold W. Gehman Jr.Frank BowmanThomas J. LopezJay L. JohnsonJoseph W. PrueherWilliam J. Flanagan Jr.Ronald J. ZlatoperRichard C. MackeLeighton W. Smith Jr.William A. OwensHenry G. Chiles Jr.Henry H. Mauz Jr.Stanley R. ArthurWilliam O. StudemanJeremy M. BoordaRobert J. KellyWilliam D. SmithPaul David MillerJerome L. JohnsonCharles R. LarsonJonathan T. HoweJames R. HoggBruce DeMarsLeon A. EdneyDavid E. JeremiahPowell F. Carter Jr.Huntington HardistyFrank B. Kelso IIArthur S. Moreau Jr.James B. Busey IVCarlisle A.H. TrostJames A. Lyons Jr.Lee Baggett Jr.Steven A. WhiteRonald J. HaysWesley L. McDonaldSylvester R. Foley Jr.Kinnaird R. McKeeGeorge E.R. Kinnear IIJohn G. Williams Jr.William N. SmallBobby R. InmanWilliam J. Crowe Jr.James D. WatkinsHarry D. Train IIAlfred J. Whittle Jr.Donald C. DavisRobert L.J. LongThomas B. HaywardDaniel Murphy (admiral)Stansfield TurnerDavid H. BagleyFrederick H. MichaelisJohn P. WeinelHarold E. ShearMeans Johnston Jr.Hyman G. RickoverWorth H. BagleyJames L. Holloway IIIMaurice F. WeisnerNoel A.M. GaylerRichard G. ColbertIsaac C. Kidd Jr.William F. BringleRalph W. CousinsJackson D. ArnoldCharles K. DuncanElmo R. Zumwalt Jr.Waldemar F.A. WendtBernard A. ClareyJohn J. Hyland Jr.Ephraim P. HolmesIgnatius J. GalantinJohn S. McCain Jr.Roy L. JohnsonAlfred G. WardJohn S. ThachHoracio Rivero Jr.Thomas H. MoorerU.S. Grant Sharp Jr.Charles D. GriffinDavid L. McDonaldClaude V. RickettsGeorge W. Anderson Jr.John H. SidesHarold Page SmithRobert L. DennisonCharles R. BrownJames S. RussellHerbert G. HopwoodJames L. Holloway Jr.Maurice E. CurtsHarry D. FeltWalter F. BooneRobert P. BriscoeArleigh A. BurkeJohn H. CassadyJerauld WrightFelix B. StumpDonald B. DuncanLynde D. McCormickRobert B. CarneyWilliam M. FechtelerForrest P. ShermanArthur W. RadfordLouis E. DenfeldWilliam H.P. BlandyRichard L. ConollyMarc A. MitscherBen MoreellCharles M. Cooke Jr.DeWitt C. RamseyJohn H. TowersSamuel M. RobinsonRichmond K. TurnerThomas C. KinkaidH. Kent HewittRichard S. Edwards Jr.Frederick J. HorneJonas H. IngramRaymond A. SpruanceWilliam F. Halsey Jr.Royal E. IngersollChester W. NimitzErnest J. KingHusband E. KimmelHarold R. StarkThomas C. HartWilliam D. Leahy

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dates of rank are taken, where available, from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, or from the U.S. Navy register of active and retired commissioned officers, or from the World Almanac and Book of Facts. The date listed is that of the officer's first promotion to admiral, and may differ from the officer's entry in the U.S. Navy register, which lists admirals who reverted to their permanent ranks of rear admiral as ranking from the date of the legislation that ultimately restored them to the rank of admiral, not from the dates of their original appointments.
  2. ^ Positions listed are those held by the officer when promoted to admiral. Dates listed are for the officer's full tenure, which may predate promotion to four-star rank or postdate retirement from active duty.
  3. ^ a b The number of years of active-duty service at four-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Date of rank" column from the last year in the "Position" column. Time spent between active-duty four-star assignments is not counted, nor is time spent on special duty as an unassigned fleet admiral.
  4. ^ a b c The year commissioned is taken to be the year the officer graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, or equivalent, which may precede the officer's actual date of commission by up to two years. Prior to 1912, graduates of the U.S. Naval Academy were required by law to serve two years at sea as passed midshipmen before receiving their commission as ensign. Sources of commission are listed in parentheses after the year of commission and include: the United States Naval Academy (USNA), Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC), Officer Candidate School (OCS), warrant; the Massachusetts Maritime Academy (MMA), and the United States Military Academy (USMA).
  5. ^ a b The number of years in commission before being promoted to four-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Commission" column from the year in the "Date of rank" column.
  6. ^ Notes include years of birth and death; awards of the Medal of Honor, Congressional Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, or honors of similar significance; major government appointments; university presidencies or equivalents; familial relationships with other four-star officers or significant government officials such as U.S. Presidents, cabinet secretaries, U.S. Senators, or state governors; and unusual career events such as premature relief or death in office.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Reverted to permanent rank of rear admiral upon vacating an office bearing the temporary rank of admiral.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Advanced to admiral on the retired list with date of rank 21 Jun 1930, as highest grade held during World War I.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu Commissioned as ensign after two years of sea duty.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Advanced to admiral on the retired list with date of rank 16 Jun 1942, as highest rank held on the active list.
  11. ^ a b Advanced to admiral on the retired list with date of rank 14 Aug 1938, as highest rank held while Chief of Naval Operations.
  12. ^ Retired as rear admiral, 01 Jan 1937; advanced to admiral on the retired list, 14 Aug 1938; recalled as admiral, 13 Feb 1941; retired, 11 Feb 1942; recalled as admiral, 12 Apr 1944; retired, 31 Aug 1945.
  13. ^ Retired as rear admiral, Dec 1936; recalled as rear admiral, 13 May 1940; advanced to vice admiral on the retired list, 23 Feb 1942; advanced to admiral on the retired list, 16 Jun 1942; retired, Dec 1946.
  14. ^ Retired as admiral, Aug 1939; recalled as admiral, 06 Jul 1942; promoted to fleet admiral, 15 Dec 1944; rank made permanent, 13 May 1946 (Act of 23 Mar 1946).
  15. ^ Retired as rear admiral, 1939; recalled as rear admiral, 1941; advanced to vice admiral on the retired list, 23 Feb 1942; advanced to admiral on the retired list, 16 Jun 1942; retired, 15 Jan 1943; recalled as admiral, 23 Jun 1943; retired, 15 Jan 1945.
  16. ^ a b c Retired as admiral, as highest rank held on active list.
  17. ^ Retired as admiral, Jul 1942, by Act of Congress; recalled as admiral, Jul 1942; retired, Feb 1945.
  18. ^ Promoted to admiral, 1947, with date of rank 07 Jan 1946.
  19. ^ a b Reverted to vice admiral for final tour; retired as admiral.
  20. ^ Reverted to vice admiral for final tour; died in office.
  21. ^ Retired as vice admiral, 1964; retained on active duty until 1982; advanced to admiral on the retired list, Dec 1973, with date of rank 16 Nov 1973.
  22. ^ Nomination as U.S. Secretary of Defense withdrawn, 1994.
  23. ^ a b In 1994, special legislation authorized Charles R. Larson to resume the superintendency of the U.S. Naval Academy, then a two-star billet, as a full admiral.
  24. ^ Nomination as commander in chief, U.S. Pacific Command (USCINCPAC) withdrawn, 1994.
  25. ^ Transferred from U.S. Merchant Marine, 1967.
  26. ^ Confirmed to be Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe/Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Africa/Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples (COMUSNAVEUR/COMUSNAVAF/COMJFC Naples), December 20, 2013.
  27. ^ Confirmed to be Vice Chief of Naval Operations (VCNO), December 20, 2013.
  28. ^ Nominated by the President on January 30, 2014.
  29. ^ Retired as vice admiral, Dec 1946; advanced to admiral on the retired list by reason of combat citation, Jan 1954.
  30. ^ [1] Struble entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1911 and received his commission in 1915.
  31. ^ Transferred from U.S. Naval Reserve, 1921.
  32. ^ Act of Congress of July 16, 1942.

References[edit]