List of U.S. states and territories by population

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Map of each state's population as of 2011

This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined.

Methodology

Map of population change in US states between April 2010 and July 2011.
Legend:

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the president and vice president of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, it gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, but no more votes than the state with the fewest votes, which is currently three (e.g. Wyoming). Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3] The 11 most populous states, representing 56% of the population, have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president.

States and territories

Rank in
the Fifty
States
,
2013
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories,
2010
State or territory
Population estimate for
July 1, 2013
Census population,
April 1, 2010
Census population,
April 1, 2000
Seats in
U.S. House,
2013–2023
Presi-
dential
Electors

2012–
2020
2013 Estimated pop.
per
House seat
2010 Census pop.
per
House
seat[4]
2000 Census pop.
per
House
seat
Percent
of total
U.S. pop.,
2010[5]
!000001!000001 California38,332,52137,253,95633,871,648!000053!000055723,255702,905639,08811.91%
!000002!000002 Texas26,448,19325,145,56120,851,820!000036!000038734,672698,487651,6198.04%
!000003!000003 New York19,651,12719,378,10218,976,457!000027!000029727,819717,707654,3616.19%
!000004!000004 Florida19,552,86018,801,31015,982,378!000027!000029724,180696,345639,2956.01%
!000005!000005 Illinois12,882,13512,830,63212,419,293!000018!000020715,674712,813653,6474.10%
!000006!000006 Pennsylvania12,773,80112,702,37912,281,054!000018!000020709,656705,688646,3714.06%
!000007!000007 Ohio11,570,80811,536,50411,353,140!000016!000018723,176721,032630,7303.69%
!000008!000009 Georgia9,992,1679,687,6538,186,453!000014!000016713,726691,975629,7273.10%
!000009!000008 Michigan9,895,6229,883,6409,938,444!000014!000016706,830705,974662,5633.16%
!000010!000010 North Carolina9,848,0609,535,4838,049,313!000013!000015757,543733,498619,1783.05%
!000011!000011 New Jersey8,899,3398,791,8948,414,350!000012!000014741,611732,658647,2582.81%
!000012!000012 Virginia8,260,4058,001,0247,078,515!000011!000013750,946727,366643,5012.56%
!000013!000013 Washington6,971,4066,724,5405,894,121!000010!000012697,141672,454654,9022.15%
!000014!000014 Massachusetts6,692,8246,547,6296,349,097!000009!000011743,647727,514634,9102.09%
!000015!000016 Arizona6,626,6246,392,0175,130,632!000009!000011736,292710,224641,3292.04%
!000016!000015 Indiana6,570,9026,483,8026,080,485!000009!000011730,100720,422675,6092.07%
!000017!000017 Tennessee6,495,9786,346,1055,689,283!000009!000011721,775705,123632,1432.03%
!000018!000018 Missouri6,044,1715,988,9275,595,211!000008!000010755,521748,615621,6901.91%
!000019!000019 Maryland5,928,8145,773,5525,296,486!000008!000010741,102721,694662,0611.85%
!000020!000020 Wisconsin5,742,7135,686,9865,363,675!000008!000010717,839710,873670,4591.82%
!000021!000021 Minnesota5,420,3805,303,9254,919,479!000008!000010677,548662,991614,9351.70%
!000022!000022 Colorado5,268,3675,029,1964,301,261!000007!000009752,624720,704614,4661.61%
!000023!000023 Alabama4,833,7224,779,7364,447,100!000007!000009690,531682,819635,3001.53%
!000024!000024 South Carolina4,774,8394,625,3644,012,012!000007!000009682,120660,766668,6691.48%
!000025!000025 Louisiana4,625,4704,533,3724,468,976!000006!000008770,912755,562638,4251.45%
!000026!000026 Kentucky4,395,2954,339,3674,041,769!000006!000008732,549723,228673,6281.39%
!000027!000027 Oregon3,930,0653,831,0743,421,399!000005!000007786,013766,215684,2801.22%
!000028!000028 Oklahoma3,850,5683,751,3513,450,654!000005!000007770,114750,270690,1311.20%
!000029 Puerto Rico3,615,0863,725,7893,808,610[6]!0000001.19%
!000029!000030 Connecticut3,596,0803,574,0973,405,565!000005!000007719,016714,819681,1131.14%
!000030!000031 Iowa3,090,4163,046,3552,926,324!000004!000006772,604761,589585,2650.97%
!000031!000032 Mississippi2,991,2072,967,2972,844,658!000004!000006747,802741,824711,1650.95%
!000032!000033 Arkansas2,959,3732,915,9182,673,400!000004!000006739,843728,980668,3500.93%
!000033!000035 Utah2,900,8722,763,8852,233,169!000004!000006725,218690,221744,3900.88%
!000034!000034 Kansas2,893,9572,853,1182,688,418!000004!000006723,489713,280672,1050.91%
!000035!000036 Nevada2,790,1362,700,5511,998,257!000004!000006697,534675,110666,0860.86%
!000036!000037 New Mexico2,085,2872,059,1791,819,046!000003!000005695,096686,393606,3490.66%
!000037!000039 Nebraska1,868,5161,826,3411,711,263!000003!000005622,839608,780570,4210.58%
!000038!000038 West Virginia1,854,3041,852,9941,808,344!000003!000005618,101617,665602,7810.59%
!000039!000040 Idaho1,612,1361,567,5821,293,953!000002!000004806,068783,791646,9770.51%
!000040!000041 Hawaii1,404,0541,360,3011,211,537!000002!000004702,027680,151605,7690.43%
!000041!000042 Maine1,328,3021,328,3611,274,923!000002!000004664,151664,181637,4620.42%
!000042!000043 New Hampshire1,323,4591,316,4701,235,786!000002!000004661,730658,235617,8930.42%
!000043!000044 Rhode Island1,051,5111,052,5671,048,319!000002!000004525,756526,284524,1600.34%
!000044!000045 Montana1,015,165989,415902,195!000001!0000031,015,165989,415902,1950.32%
!000045!000046 Delaware925,749897,934783,600!000001!000003925,749897,934783,6000.29%
!000046!000047 South Dakota844,877814,180754,844!000001!000003844,877814,180754,8440.26%
!000047!000048 Alaska735,132710,231626,932!000001!000003735,132710,231626,9320.23%
!000048!000049 North Dakota723,393672,591642,200!000001!000003723,393672,591642,2000.21%
!000051 District of Columbia646,449601,723572,059[6]!0000030.19%
!000049!000050 Vermont626,630625,741608,827!000001!000003626,630625,741608,8270.20%
!000050!000052 Wyoming582,658563,626493,782!000001!000003582,658563,626493,7820.18%
!000053 Guam159,358 [1]154,805[6]!0000000.06%
!000054 U.S. Virgin Islands106,405 [2]108,612[6]!0000000.04%
!000055 American Samoa55,519 [3]57,291[6]!0000000.02%
!000056 Northern Mariana Islands53,883 [4]69,221[6]!0000000.02%
The Fifty States315,482,390308,143,815280,849,847435535725,249708,376645,63298.48%
50 states + D.C.316,128,839308,745,538281,421,90643553898.67%
Total U.S. territory312,913,872285,620,445435538100.00%

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and DC
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + DC and District of Colombia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/Territory/
Division/Region
R
a
n
k
2013
pop.
R
a
n
k
2010
pop.
R
a
n
k
2000
pop.
R
a
n
k
2000-
2010
chg.
Geog.
sort
 Massachusetts146,692,824146,547,629136,349,097433.1%NEng
 Connecticut293,596,080293,574,097293,405,565354.9%NEng
 Maine411,328,302411,328,361401,274,923394.2%NEng
 New Hampshire421,323,459421,316,470411,235,786326.5%NEng
 Rhode Island431,051,511431,052,567431,048,319490.4%NEng
 Vermont49626,63049625,74149608,827442.8%NEng
       New England914,618,806914,444,865913,922,51773.8%NEast
 New York319,651,127319,378,102318,976,457462.1%MAtl
 Pennsylvania612,773,801612,702,379612,281,054413.4%MAtl
 New Jersey118,899,339118,791,89498,414,350374.5%MAtl
       Mid-Atlantic441,324,267440,872,375439,671,86183.0%NEast
       Northeast455,943,073455,317,240453,594,37843.2%USA
 Florida419,552,860418,801,310415,982,378817.6%SAtl
 Georgia89,992,16799,687,653108,186,453718.3%SAtl
 North Carolina109,848,060109,535,483118,049,313618.5%SAtl
 Virginia128,260,405128,001,024127,078,5151613.0%SAtl
 Maryland195,928,814195,773,552195,296,486239.0%SAtl
 South Carolina244,774,839244,625,364264,012,0121015.3%SAtl
 West Virginia381,854,304371,852,994371,808,344452.5%SAtl
 Delaware45925,74945897,93445783,6001114.6%SAtl
 District of Columbia--646,449--601,723--572,059--5.2%SAtl
       South Atlantic161,783,647159,777,037151,769,160315.5%South
 Tennessee176,495,978176,346,105165,689,2831911.5%ESC
 Alabama234,833,722234,779,736234,447,100277.5%ESC
 Kentucky264,395,295264,339,367254,041,769287.4%ESC
 Mississippi312,991,207312,967,297312,844,658384.3%ESC
       East South Central818,716,202818,432,505817,022,81058.3%South
 Texas226,448,193225,145,561220,851,820520.6%WSC
 Louisiana254,625,470254,533,372224,468,976481.4%WSC
 Oklahoma283,850,568283,751,351273,450,654248.7%WSC
 Arkansas322,959,373322,915,918332,673,400229.1%WSC
       West South Central537,883,604536,346,202531,444,850215.6%South
       South1118,383,4531114,555,7441100,236,820114.3%USA
 Illinois512,882,135512,830,632512,419,293423.3%ENC
 Ohio711,570,808711,536,504711,353,140471.6%ENC
 Michigan99,895,62289,883,64089,938,44450-0.6%ENC
 Indiana166,570,902156,483,802146,080,485316.6%ENC
 Wisconsin205,742,713205,686,986185,363,675346.0%ENC
       East North Central346,662,180346,421,564245,155,03792.8%MWest
 Missouri186,044,171185,988,927175,595,211297.0%WNC
 Minnesota215,420,380215,303,925214,919,479267.8%WNC
 Iowa303,090,416303,046,355302,926,324404.1%WNC
 Kansas342,893,957332,853,118322,688,418336.1%WNC
 Nebraska371,868,516381,826,341381,711,263306.7%WNC
 South Dakota46844,87746814,18046754,844257.9%WNC
 North Dakota48723,39348672,59147642,200364.7%WNC
       West North Central720,885,710720,505,437619,237,73966.6%MWest
       Midwest367,547,890366,927,001264,392,77633.9%USA
 Arizona156,626,624166,392,017205,130,632224.6%Mtn
 Colorado225,268,367225,029,196244,301,261916.9%Mtn
 Utah332,900,872342,763,885342,233,169323.8%Mtn
 Nevada352,790,136352,700,551351,998,257135.1%Mtn
 New Mexico362,085,287362,059,179361,819,0461513.2%Mtn
 Idaho391,612,136391,567,582391,293,953421.1%Mtn
 Montana441,015,16544989,41544902,195219.7%Mtn
 Wyoming50582,65850563,62650493,7821214.1%Mtn
       Mountain622,881,245622,065,451718,172,295121.4%West
 California138,332,521137,253,956133,871,6482010.0%Pac
 Washington136,971,406136,724,540155,894,1211314.1%Pac
 Oregon273,930,065273,831,074283,421,3991812.0%Pac
 Hawaii401,404,054401,360,301421,211,5371712.3%Pac
 Alaska47735,13247710,23148626,9321413.3%Pac
       Pacific251,373,178249,880,102345,025,637410.8%West
       West274,254,423271,945,553363,197,932213.8%USA
 50 States & DC--316,128,839--308,745,538--281,421,906--9.7%NAmer
 Puerto Rico13,615,08613,725,78913,808,6103-2.2%Terr.
 Guam2--2159,3582154,80512.9%Terr.
 U.S. Virgin Islands3--3106,4053108,6122-2.0%Terr.
 American Samoa4--455,519557,2914-3.1%Terr.
 Northern Mariana Islands5--553,883469,2215-22.2%Terr.
       Total Territories------4,100,954--4,198,539---2.3%USA

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  4. ^ For simplicity's sake, these are the 2010 Resident Populations per 2003–2013 House seat; the seats for 2013–2023 will, however, be apportioned on the slightly different basis of "Apportionment Population" which can be found at http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-data-text.php and http://2010.census.gov/news/press-kits/apportionment/apport.html
  5. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands are each represented by one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives. Washington, D.C., does, however, elect three electors to the Electoral College for presidential elections.

External links