List of U.S. states and territories by population

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Map of each state's population as of 2011

This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined.

Methodology

Map of population change in US states between April 2010 and July 2011.
Legend:
  <-0.5%
  <-0.25%
  <0%
  <0.25%
  <0.5%
  <0.75%
  <1.0%
  <1.25%
  <1.5%
  <1.75%
  <2.0%
  >2.0%

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the president and vice president of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, it gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, but no more votes than the state with the fewest votes, which is currently three (e.g. Wyoming). Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3] The 11 most populous states, representing 56% of the population, have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president.

States and territories

Rank in
the Fifty
States
,
2013
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories,
2010
State or territory
Population estimate for
July 1, 2013
Census population,
April 1, 2010
Census population,
April 1, 2000
Seats in
U.S. House,
2013–2023
Presi-
dential
Electors

2012–
2020
2010 Census Pop.
per
House
seat
2000 Census Pop.
per
House
seat
2000 Census Pop.
per
Pres. Elector
Percent
of total
U.S. pop.,
2010[4]
!000001!000001 California38,332,52137,253,95633,871,648!000053!000055702,905639,088615,84811.91%
!000002!000002 Texas26,448,19325,145,56120,851,820!000036!000038698,488651,619613,2898.04%
!000003!000003 New York19,651,12719,378,10218,976,457!000027!000029717,707654,361612,1446.19%
!000004!000004 Florida19,552,86018,801,31015,982,378!000027!000029696,345639,295591,9406.01%
!000005!000005 Illinois12,882,13512,830,63212,419,293!000018!000020712,813653,647591,3954.10%
!000006!000006 Pennsylvania12,773,80112,702,37912,281,054!000018!000020705,688646,371584,8124.06%
!000007!000007 Ohio11,570,80811,536,50411,353,140!000016!000018721,032630,730567,6573.69%
!000008!000008 Georgia9,992,1679,687,6538,186,453!000014!000016691,975629,727545,7643.10%
!000009!000009 Michigan9,895,6229,883,6409,938,444!000014!000016705,974662,563584,6143.16%
!000010!000010 North Carolina9,848,0609,535,4838,049,313!000013!000015733,499619,178536,6213.05%
!000011!000011 New Jersey8,899,3398,791,8948,414,350!000012!000014732,658647,258560,9572.81%
!000012!000012 Virginia8,260,4058,001,0247,078,515!000011!000013727,366643,501544,5012.56%
!000013!000013 Washington6,971,4066,724,5405,894,121!000010!000012672,454654,902535,8292.15%
!000014!000014 Massachusetts6,692,8246,547,6296,349,097!000009!000011727,514634,910529,0912.09%
!000015!000015 Arizona6,626,6246,392,0175,130,632!000009!000011710,224641,329513,0632.04%
!000016!000016 Indiana6,570,9026,483,8026,080,485!000009!000011720,422675,609552,7712.07%
!000017!000017 Tennessee6,495,9786,346,1055,689,283!000009!000011705,123632,143517,2082.03%
!000018!000018 Missouri6,044,1715,988,9275,595,211!000008!000010748,616621,690508,6561.91%
!000019!000019 Maryland5,928,8145,773,5525,296,486!000008!000010721,694662,061529,6491.85%
!000020!000020 Wisconsin5,742,7135,686,9865,363,675!000008!000010710,873670,459536,3681.82%
!000021!000021 Minnesota5,420,3805,303,9254,919,479!000008!000010662,991614,935491,9481.70%
!000022!000022 Colorado5,268,3675,029,1964,301,261!000007!000009718,457614,466477,9181.61%
!000023!000023 Alabama4,833,7224,779,7364,447,100!000007!000009682,819635,300494,1221.53%
!000024!000024 South Carolina4,774,8394,625,3644,012,012!000007!000009660,766668,669501,5021.48%
!000025!000025 Louisiana4,625,4704,533,3724,468,976!000006!000008755,562638,425496,5531.45%
!000026!000026 Kentucky4,395,2954,339,3674,041,769!000006!000008723,228673,628505,2211.39%
!000027!000027 Oregon3,930,0653,831,0743,421,399!000005!000007766,215684,280488,7711.22%
!000028!000028 Oklahoma3,850,5683,751,3513,450,654!000005!000007750,270690,131492,9511.20%
!000029 Puerto Rico3,615,0863,725,7893,808,610[5]!0000001.19%
!000029!000030 Connecticut3,596,0803,574,0973,405,565!000005!000007714,819681,113486,5091.14%
!000030!000031 Iowa3,090,4163,046,3552,926,324!000004!000006761,589585,265418,0460.97%
!000031!000032 Mississippi2,991,2072,967,2972,844,658!000004!000006741,824711,165474,1100.95%
!000032!000033 Arkansas2,959,3732,915,9182,673,400!000004!000006728,980668,350445,5670.93%
!000033!000034 Utah2,900,8722,763,8852,233,169!000004!000006690,971744,390446,6340.88%
!000034!000035 Kansas2,893,9572,853,1182,688,418!000004!000006713,280672,105448,0700.91%
!000035!000036 Nevada2,790,1362,700,5511,998,257!000004!000006675,138666,086399,6510.86%
!000036!000037 New Mexico2,085,2872,059,1791,819,046!000003!000005686,393606,349363,8090.66%
!000037!000038 Nebraska1,868,5161,826,3411,711,263!000003!000005608,780570,421342,2530.58%
!000038!000039 West Virginia1,854,3041,852,9941,808,344!000003!000005617,665602,781361,6690.59%
!000039!000040 Idaho1,612,1361,567,5821,293,953!000002!000004783,791646,977323,4880.51%
!000040!000041 Hawaii1,404,0541,360,3011,211,537!000002!000004680,151605,769302,8840.43%
!000041!000042 Maine1,328,3021,328,3611,274,923!000002!000004664,181637,462318,7310.42%
!000042!000043 New Hampshire1,323,4591,316,4701,235,786!000002!000004658,235617,893308,9470.42%
!000043!000044 Rhode Island1,051,5111,052,5671,048,319!000002!000004526,284524,160262,0800.34%
!000044!000045 Montana1,015,165989,415902,195!000001!000003989,415902,195300,7320.32%
!000045!000046 Delaware925,749897,934783,600!000001!000003897,934783,600261,2000.29%
!000046!000047 South Dakota844,877814,180754,844!000001!000003814,180754,844251,6150.26%
!000047!000048 Alaska735,132710,231626,932!000001!000003710,231626,932208,9770.23%
!000048!000049 North Dakota723,393672,591642,200!000001!000003672,591642,200214,0670.21%
!000050 District of Columbia646,449601,723572,059[5]!000003190,6860.19%
!000049!000051 Vermont626,630625,741608,827!000001!000003625,741608,827202,9420.20%
!000050!000052 Wyoming582,658563,626493,782!000001!000003563,626493,782164,5940.18%
!000053 Guam159,358 [1]154,805[5]!0000000.06%
!000054 U.S. Virgin Islands106,405 [2]108,612[5]!0000000.04%
!000055 American Samoa55,519 [3]57,291[5]!0000000.02%
!000056 Northern Mariana Islands53,883 [4]69,221[5]!0000000.02%
The Fifty States313,281,717308,143,815280,849,847435535708,377645,632524,95398.48%
50 States + D.C.313,914,040308,745,538281,421,906435538523,08998.67%
Total U.S. territory312,913,872285,620,445435538100.00%

— not applicable

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  4. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  5. ^ a b c d e f The District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands are each represented by one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives.
  6. ^ The World Factbook. Cia.gov (2013-07-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.

External links