List of U.S. executive branch czars

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In the United States, the informal political term "czar" or "tsar" is employed in media and popular usage to refer to high-level officials who oversee a particular policy. There have never been any U.S. government offices with the title "czar", but various governmental officials have sometimes been referred to by the nickname "czar" rather than their actual title.

The earliest known use of the term for a U.S. government official was in the administration of Franklin Roosevelt (1933–1945), during which eleven unique positions (or twelve if one were to count "Economic Czar" and "Economic Czar of World War II" as separate) were so described. The term was revived, mostly by the press, to describe officials in the Nixon and Ford administrations and continues today.

By administration[edit]

The list is subjective and imprecise, since frequently individuals or offices might be referred to by the nickname "czar" by some publication or a political opponent, yet the actual governmental official, a majority of publications and others do not use the term. One possible definition is only those officials who are appointed by the president without Senate confirmation.

Summary table - Number of czars per administration
President's namePartyIn officeNumber of
czar titles
Number of
appointees
Appointees not
confirmed by Senate
Franklin RooseveltD1933–1945111917
Harry TrumanD1945–1953665
Dwight EisenhowerR1953–1961110
Lyndon JohnsonD1963–1969331
Richard NixonR1969–1974355
Gerald FordR1974–1977222
Jimmy CarterD1977–1981232
Ronald ReaganR1981–1989111
George H. W. BushR1989–1993230
Bill ClintonD1993–20018117
George W. BushR2001–2009334928
Barack ObamaD2009–384333

The numbers are based upon the sortable list below. Please see it for details and references. Note that what is measured is the popularity of the word czar, rather than an objective measure of authority.

Also note that under George W. Bush only 33 Czar titles had been currently found, thus only 33 Czars, although many of these titles were used by several distinct individuals. For example, there has been an Assistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and Health since the passage of the Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, but the phrase "mine safety czar" was only applied to the position since the controversial appointment of Richard Stickler to the post in 2006. Similarly, there has been a director of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs since the office was created by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, but the term "regulatory czar" was not applied to the post until 2001.

List of executive branch czars[edit]

The following are executive branch officials who have been described by the media as a czar of some kind.

This is a sortable table; to sort by President, type of appointment, etc., just click on the arrow at the top of the column. To view references for a particular "czar", click on the number next to the name.

Czar titleOfficial titleOffice holderTenureType of AppointmentAppointing AdministrationSenate Confirmed
Foreign aid czarAdministrator of the US Agency for International Development (USAID)Tobias, Randall[1]2006–2007President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
AfPak czar, Afghanistan and Pakistan czarSpecial Representative for Afghanistan and PakistanHolbrooke, Richard[2]2009–2010President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
AIDS czarNational AIDS Policy Coordinator, Member of White House Domestic Policy CouncilGebbie, Kristine[3]1993–1994President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS PolicyFleming, Patricia[4]1993–1997President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS Policy, Presidential Envoy for AIDS CooperationThurman, Sandra[5]1997–2000President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS PolicyEvertz, Scott[6]2001–2002President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS PolicyO'Neill, Joe[7]2002–2003President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS PolicyThompson, Carol[8]2004–2006President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS PolicyCrowley, Jeffrey[9]2009–2012President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
AIDS czarDirector of the Office of National AIDS PolicyColfax, Grant[10]2012–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
anti-poverty czar, poverty czarDirector of Office of Economic OpportunityShriver, Sargent[11]1965–1969President nominated, Senate confirmedJohnson, LyndonLyndon Johnson
Asian Carp czarDirector of Office of Economic OpportunityGoss, John[12]2010–presentCouncil on Environmental Quality selectedObama, BarackBarack Obama
auto czar, car czarTreasury Advisor, Head of the Auto Task ForceRattner, Steve[13]2009 Feb–JulSec. of Treasury appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
auto czar, car czarSenior Advisor President's Automotive Task ForceBloom, Ron[14]2009–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
auto recovery czar, autoworker czarMember Presidential Task Force on the Auto Industry, Director of Recovery for Auto Communities and WorkersMontgomery, Ed[15]2009–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
bank bailout czar, Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) czarUnited States Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Financial Stability, Senior Advisor to Secretary of the TreasuryKashkari, Neel.[16]2008–2009(New position), President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
bank bailout czar, TARP czarUnited States Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Financial StabilityAllison, Herbert[17]2009–presentPresident nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
bioethics czarAdvisor to the President, Chairman of The President's Council on BioethicsKass, Leon[18]2001–2005(New position), Exec order, President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
bird flu czarAssistant Secretary of Health and Human Services, Advisor to the President for Public Health Emergency PreparednessSimonson, Stewart[19]2004–2006(New position), President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
birth control czarDeputy Assistant Secretary of Population Affairs, Department of Health and Human ServicesKeroack, Eric[20]2006–2007President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
border czarU.S. attorney and Special Representative for the Southwest Border, Department of JusticeBersin, Alan[21]1995–1998President nominated, Senate confirmed as U.S. Attorney, Appointed as Special RepresentativeClinton, BillBill Clinton
border czarAssistant Secretary for International Affairs, Special Representative for Border Affairs, Dept of Homeland Security,Bersin, Alan[22]2009–presentSec of Homeland Security appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
budget czarDirector of the Office of Management and BudgetDaniels, Mitchell E.[23]2001–2003President nominated, Senate ConfirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
budget czarDirector of the Office of Management and BudgetBolten, Joshua[24]2003–2006President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
budget czarDirector of the Office of Management and BudgetPortman, Rob[25]2006–2007President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
cleanup czarSpecial Assistant Attorney General (to investigate corruption)Morris, Newbold[26]1952, fired after 63 days by Atty General for demanding records access; AG then forced to resign by President TrumanAttorney General appointedTruman, HarryHarry Truman
cleanup czarAssistant Secretary for Environmental Management, Department of Energy (nuclear clean up)Roberson, Jessie[27]2001–2004President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
cleanup czarAssistant Secretary for Environmental Management, Department of Energy (nuclear clean up)Rispoli, James[28]2005–2008Sec. of Energy appointed, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
climate czarAssistant to the President and Staff Secretary, President's Coordinator for Climate Change, Senior negotiator at Kyoto and Beuenos Aires negottiationsTodd D. Stern[29]1997–1999President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
climate czarSpecial Envoy for Climate ChangeStern, Todd D.[30]2009Sec. of State appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
climate czar, energy czar, global warming czarAssistant to the President for Energy and Climate ChangeBrowner, Carol[31]2009–present(New position)Obama, BarackBarack Obama
copyright czarIntellectual Property Enforcement Coordinatorvacant; position approved but not filled during Bush administration[32]2009–present(New position)Bush, George W.George W. Bush
copyright czarIntellectual Property Enforcement CoordinatorEspinel, Victoria[33]2009–present(first at position)Obama, BarackBarack Obama
communications czarCounselor to the President, Special counselor to the PresidentBartlett, Dan[34]2005–2007President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
compensation czar, Gulf claims czar, pay czarSpecial Master for TARP Executive CompensationFeinberg, Kenneth[35]2009–presentSec. of Treasury appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
consumer czarSpecial Advisor for the Consumer Financial Protection BureauWarren, Elizabeth[36]2010–2011(New Position), President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
car czarChief domestic policy advisor and Director of the White House Domestic Policy CouncilReed, Bruce[37]1993–2001(New position), Exec order, President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
cyber security czar, cyber czarSpecial Advisor to the President on Cybersecurity, Office of Management and Budget (OMB)Clarke, Richard A.[38]2001 Oct–2003 Feb(New position), President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
cyber security czar, cyber czarDirector, National Cyber Security CenterBeckstrom, Rod[39]2008–2009(New position), Presidential directive, President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
cyber security czar, cyber czarDirector of the White House Office of Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity CoordinatorHathaway, Melissa[40]Office created May 31, 2009.Acting czar May–July, 2009; resigned [41]Obama, BarackBarack Obama
cyber security czar, cyber czarDirector of the White House Office of Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity CoordinatorSchmidt, Howard[42]Office created May 31, 2009.2009–Present]Obama, BarackBarack Obama
czar of censorshipDirector, Office of CensorshipPrice, Byron[43]1941–1945Exec Order, President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
czar of informationDirector, Office of War InformationDavis, Elmer[44]1942–1945Exec order, President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
czar of Latin American affairsAssistant Secretary of State for Inter-American AffairsMann, Thomas C.[45]1964–1965President nominated, Senate confirmedJohnson, LyndonLyndon Johnson
democracy czarDeputy National Security Advisor for Global Democracy StrategyAbrams, Elliott[46]2005–2008President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
domestic czarSpecial Assistant to the President, domestic policy aideCalifano, Joseph[47]1965–1969President appointedJohnson, LyndonLyndon Johnson
domestic policy czarChief Domestic Policy Coordinator, Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to the President, White House Deputy Chief of StaffRove, Karl[48]2004–2006President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
domestic violence czarAdvisor to the President and the Vice President on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault IssuesRosenthal, Lynn[49]2009Vice President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
drug czarHead of Drug programs, Special Action Office of Drug Abuse PreventionJaffe, Jerome[50]1971President appointedNixon, RichardRichard Nixon
drug czarDirector of the National Institute on Drug Abuse and head of the Narcotics Treatment AdministrationDuPont, Robert1973–1978Ford, GeraldGerald Ford
drug czarDirector of the White House Drug Abuse Policy (1982), Special Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse (1983), Member of Executive Board of the National Narcotics Border Interdiction System Cabinet Level (1983), Deputy Assistant to the President for Drug Abuse Policy (1985)Turner, Carlton[51]1982–1988(New position), Exec order, President appointedReagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
drug czarDirector, Office of National Drug Control PolicyBennett, William J.[52]1989–1990(New position) created by Congress, President nominated, Senate ConfirmedBush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
drug czarDirector, Office of National Drug Control PolicyMartinez, Bob[53]1991–1993President nominated, Senate ConfirmedBush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
drug czarDirector, National Drug Control PolicyBrown, Lee P.[54]1993–1995President nominated, Senate ConfirmedClinton, BillBill Clinton
drug czarDirector, National Drug Control PolicyMcCaffrey, Barry[55]1996–2001President nominated, Senate confirmedClinton, BillBill Clinton
drug czarDirector, National Drug Control PolicyWalters, John P.[56]2001–2009President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
drug czarDirector, National Drug Control Policy (cabinet rank removed)Kerlikowske, R. Gil[57]2009–presentPresident nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
e-commerce czar, e-czarExecutive Director, Electronic Commerce Working GroupElizabeth Echols[58]1998–2000Vice President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
economic czar, economic czar of World War IIDirector, Office of Economic StabilizationByrnes, James[59]1942–1943(New position), Exec order, President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
economic czarDirector, Office of Economic StabilizationVinson, Fred M.[60]1943–1945President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
economic czarDirector, Office of Economic StabilizationDavis, William Hammatt[61]1945–1946President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
economic czar, big-picture economic czarChairman, Economic Recovery Advisory BoardVolcker, Paul A.[62]2009President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
energy czarDirector of the Energy Policy OfficeLove, John Arthur[63]1973(New position), Exec order, President appointedNixon, RichardRichard Nixon
energy czarFederal Energy Office AdministratorSimon, William E[64]1973–1974President appointedNixon, RichardRichard Nixon
energy czarAdministrator, Federal Energy AdministrationSawhill, John[65]1974President appointedNixon, RichardRichard Nixon
energy czarAdministrator, Federal Energy Administration, Assistant to the President for Energy Affairs, Executive Director of Energy Resources CouncilZarb, Frank[66]1974–1977President appointedFord, GeraldGerald Ford
energy czarDirector, Department of Energy (cabinet-level position)Schlesinger, James[67]1977–1979(New position), Legislation enacted, President nominated, Senate confirmedCarter, JimmyJimmy Carter
ethics czar, transparency czarspecial counsel to the president for ethics and government reformEisen, Norm[68]2009–2010(New position), Exec order, President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
ethics czar, transparency czarWhite House CounselBauer, Robert[69]2010–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
faith-based czar, faith czarDirector, White House Office of Faith-Based and Community InitiativesDiIulio, John[70]2001–2002(New position), Exec order, President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
faith-based czar, faith czarDirector, White House Office of Faith-Based and Community InitiativesTowey, Jim[71]2002–2006President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
faith-based czar, faith czarDirector, White House Office of Faith-Based and Community InitiativesHein, Jay[72]2006–2008President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
faith-based czarDirector of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood PartnershipsDuBois, Joshua[73]2009–2013President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
faith-based czarDirector of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood PartnershipsMelissa Rogers[74]2013–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
food czarFood Administrator and Secretary of AgricultureWickard, Claude[75]1942–1943Exec orderRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
food czarWar Food AdministratorDavis, Chester C.[76]1943Exec orderRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
food czarWar Food AdministratorJones, Marvin[77]1943–1945Exec orderRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
food czarChairman Citizens Food CommitteeLuckman, Charles[78]1947 Sep–NovPresident appointedTruman, HarryHarry Truman
food safety czarAssistant Commissioner for Food ProtectionAcheson, David W. K.[79]2007–2008President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
global AIDS czarCoordinator of U.S. Government Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS Globally with the rank of AmbassadorTobias, Randall][80]2003–2006(New position), President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
global AIDS czarCoordinator of U.S.Government Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS Globally, with the rank of AmbassadorDybul, Mark[81]2006–2009President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
Great Lakes czarSpecial Advisor to the EPA AdministratorDavis, Cameron[82]2009–presentEPA appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
green-jobs czarSpecial Advisor for Green Jobs, Enterprise, and Innovation at the White House, Member of the White House Council on Environmental QualityJones, Van[83]2009 Apr–SepPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
Guantanamo Base closure czarUS Department of State Special EnvoyFried, Daniel[84]2009–presentSec. of State appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
health care czar, technology czar, internet czar, e-czarSenior Advisor for Policy DevelopmentMagaziner, Ira,[85]1993–1998President appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
health czarDirector of the White House Office of Health Reform and Counselor to the PresidentDeParle, Nancy-Ann[86]2009–presentExec OrderObama, BarackBarack Obama
health czar for the World Trade Center (WTC)Special coordinator to respond to health effects of September 11 attacks, World Trade Center (WTC) Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program, also served as Director, National Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthHoward, John[87]2006–2008President AppointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
health IT czarNational Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Department of Health and Human ServicesBrailer, David J.[88]2004–2006(New position), Exec order, appointed by Sec. of HHSBush, George W.George W. Bush
health IT czarNational Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Department of Health and Human ServicesBlumenthal, Dr. David[89]2009 -Exec order, appointed by Sec. of HHSObama, BarackBarack Obama
homeland security czarAssistant to the President for Homeland Security and CounterterrorismRidge, Tom[90]2001–2002(New position), Exec Order, President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
homeland security czarSecretary, U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityRidge, Tom[90]2003–2004(New position), Legislation enacted, President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
homeland security czarSecretary, U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityChertoff, Michael[91]2005–2009President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
homeless czar, homelessness czarExecutive Director, United States Interagency Council on HomelessnessPhil Mangano[92]2002–2008President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
housing czarHousing Expediter in the Office of War Mobilization and ReconversionWyatt, Wilson[93]1945–1946(New position), President appointedTruman, HarryHarry Truman
Gulf Coast reconstruction czar, hurricane Katrina recovery czarFederal Coordinator of Hurricane Katrina Recovery EffortPowell, Donald E.[94]2005–2008President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
inflation czar, anti-inflation czarSpecial Trade Representative, Chief U.S. trade negotiatorStrauss, Robert[95]1978President appointedCarter, JimmyJimmy Carter
inflation czarAdvisor to the President, Chairman Council on Wage and Price StabilityKahn, Alfred[96]1977–1980President appointedCarter, JimmyJimmy Carter
information czar, infotech czarChief Information Officer at the White HouseKundra, Vivek[97]2009–present(New position), created by statute, President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
intelligence czarDirector of National IntelligenceNegroponte, John[98]2005–2007(New position), Congress mandated, President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
intelligence czarDirector of National IntelligenceMcConnell, John Michael[99]2007–2009President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
intelligence czarDirector of National IntelligenceBlair, Dennis[100]2009–2010President nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
Iran czarSpecial Advisor for the Persian Gulf and Southwest Asia (which includes Iran)Ross, Dennis[101]2009–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
manpower czarDirector, War Manpower CommissionMcNutt, Paul V.[102]1942–1945Exec orderRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
manufacturing czarAssistant Secretary for manufacturing and services, U.S. Commerce DepartmentFrink, Albert[103]2004–2007(New position), President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
manufacturing czarAssistant Secretary of Commerce for Manufacturing and ServicesSutton, William G.[104]2007–2008President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
manufacturing czarSenior Counselor for Manufacturing PolicyBloom, Ron[14]2009–presentPresident appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
Middle East czarSpecial Envoy for Middle East PeaceMitchell, George[105]2009–presentSec. of State appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
mine safety czarAssistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and HealthStickler, Richard[106]2006–2008Recess appointment—2 prior presidential nominations were rejected by the SenateBush, George W.George W. Bush
missile czarAssistant Secretary of the Air Force for Research and DevelopmentGardner, Trevor[107]1954–1956Sec. of Defense appointed, Senate confirmedEisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower
mobilization czar, civilian economy czarDirector, Office of Defense MobilizationWilson, Charles E.[108]1950–1952(New position), Exec orderTruman, HarryHarry Truman
oil czarPetroleum Coordinator for National Defense, Secretary of the InteriorIckes, Harold L.[109]1941–1946President nominated, Senate confirmed as Secy of InteriorRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
patronage czarPostmaster General Post Office Department, Cabinet level positionHannegan, Bob[110]1945–1947President nominated, Senate confirmedTruman, HarryHarry Truman
performance czarUnited States Chief Performance Officer and Deputy Director for Management at the Office of Management and BudgetZients, Jeffrey[111]2009–presentPresident nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
policy czarAssistant to the President for Policy and Strategic PlanningGerson, Michael[112]2005–2006President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
price czarAdministrator, Office of Price AdministrationHenderson, Leon[113]1941–1942(New position), Exec order, President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
price czarAdministrator, Office of Price AdministrationBrown, Prentiss Marsh[114]1942–1943President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
price czarAdministrator, Office of Price AdministrationBowles, Chester[115]1943–1946President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
price czarChairman of the Price CommissionGrayson, C. Jackson, Jr.[116]1971(New position), President appointedNixon, RichardRichard Nixon
production czarDirector, War Production BoardNelson, Donald[117]1942–1944(New position), Exec order, President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
production czarDirector, War Production BoardKrug, Julius[118]1944–1945President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
public diplomacy czarSpecial advisor to the President, Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public AffairsHughes, Karen[119]2005–2007President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
public diplomacy czarUndersecretary of State for Public Affairs and Public DiplomacyGlassman, James[120]2008–2009President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
reading czarPresident's Advisor on Reading First Initiative, Member of the President's Commission on Excellence in Special EducationLyon, G. Reid[121]2001–2005President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
reconversion czarDirector of War Mobilization and ReconversionSnyder, John[122]1945–1946President appointedTruman, HarryHarry Truman
regulatory czarDirector of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs Office of Management and BudgetGraham, John D.[123]2001–2006President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
regulatory czarDirector of the Office of Information and Regulatory AffairsOffice of Management and BudgetDudley, Susan[124]2006–2009Recess appointment, nominee did not receive a Senate voteBush, George W.George W. Bush
regulatory czarDirector of the Office of Information and Regulatory AffairsOffice of Management and BudgetSunstein, Cass[125]2009–presentPresident nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
rubber czarRubber DirectorJeffers, Bill[126]1942–1943(New position), Exec order, appointed by Chairman of War Production BoardRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
savings & loan czarDirector, Office of Thrift SupervisionRyan, T. Timothy, Jr.[127]1990–1997President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
science czarScience Advisor to the President, Director, White House Office of Science and Technology PolicyMarburger, John[128]2001 Oct–2009 JanPresident nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
science czarDirector of the Office of Science and Technology PolicyHoldren, John[129]2009–presentPresident nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
shipping czarAdministrator, War Shipping AdministrationLand, Emory S.[130]1942–1946Exec orderRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
stimulus accountability, stimulus oversightChairman, Recovery Accountability and Transparency BoardDevaney, Earl[131]2009(New position), created by statute, President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
technology czar, chief technology czarAssociate Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, Chief Technology Officer (CTO), Assistant to the PresidentChopra, Aneesh[132]2009–presentPresident nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
terrorism czar, counter-terrorism czarNational coordinator for security, infrastructure protection and counter-terrorism, member of National Security Council, cabinet level positionClarke, Richard A.[133]1998 May–2001 JanPresident appointedClinton, BillBill Clinton
terrorism czarNational coordinator for security, infrastructure protection and counter-terrorism, cabinet level rank removedClarke, Richard A.[134]2001 Jan–Oct(Held over from prior administration) President Clinton appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
terrorism czar, counterterrorism czarNational Director for Combating Terrorism, Deputy National Security AdvisorDowning, Wayne[135]2001 Nov–2002 Jun(New position), President appointedBush, George W.George W. Bush
terrorism czarAssistant to the President for Homeland Security and CounterterrorismBrennan, John O.[136]2009President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
transportation czarDirector, Office of Defense TransportationEastman, Joseph Bartlett[137]1941–1944(New position), Exec order, President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
transportation czarDirector, Office of Defense TransportationJohnson, J. Monroe[138]1944–1949President appointedRoosevelt, FranklinFranklin Roosevelt
urban affairs czarDirector of the White House Office of Urban Affairs PolicyCarrion, Adolfo[139]2009–2010Exec Order, President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
war czarAssistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and AfghanistanLute, Douglas[140]2007–present(New position), President nominated, Senate confirmedBush, George W.George W. Bush
war czarAssistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and AfghanistanLute, Douglas[140]2007–present(Held over from prior administration) President Bush nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
weapons czarUnder Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (AT&L)Carter, Ashton[141]2009President nominated, Senate confirmedObama, BarackBarack Obama
weapons of mass destruction czar, nonproliferation czarSpecial Assistant to the President and White House Coordinator for Arms Control and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Proliferation, and TerrorismSamore, Gary[142]2009–2013President appointedObama, BarackBarack Obama
weatherization czarProgram Manager, Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program, U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)Sperling, Gil[143]2008–presentCareer incumbent, retained from George W. Bush administrationBush, George W.George W. Bush, Obama, BarackBarack Obama

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Kondracke, Morton. "Pakistan Must Be Obama's Leading Foreign Priority", Roll Call, Mar 13, 2009, archived by WebCite. Holland, Steve. "Obama fashions a government of many czars", Reuters, May 29, 2009, Archived by WebCite. Obama, BarackBarack Obama. "Remarks on US Military and Diplomatic Strategies for Afghanistan and Pakistan", US Govt Printing Office, Mar 27, 2009.
  3. ^ Jehl, Douglas."Ex-Washington State Official to Get AIDS Post", The New York Times, Jun 25, 1993. Hunter, Elizabeth. "Kristine M. Gebbie, former AIDS czar", The Lutheran, Sep 2001.
  4. ^ Hilts, Philip J. "Clinton Picks New Director of AIDS Policy", The New York Times, Nov 11, 1994. American Presidency Project, Announcing Patsy Fleming as National AIDS Policy Director, Nov 19, 1994. Announcing Sandra L. Thurman as Director, Apr 7, 1997.
  5. ^ Staff biography, "Sandra Thurman", Office of National AIDS Policy, Apr 1997. American Presidency Project, Press briefing, presidential envoy for AIDS cooperation, Aug 27, 2000.
  6. ^ Office of Press Secretary. "President Bush Announces Evertz to be the Director of the Office National AIDS Policy",GeorgeWBushWhiteHouse.gov Apr 9, 2001. Lochead, Carolyn."Bush's AIDS czar departing for post with global focus", San Francisco Chronicle, Jul 19, 2002
  7. ^ Office of Press Secretary."President Bush Announced Dr. Joseph O'Neill to be Director of the Office of National AIDS Policy ", GeorgeWBushWhiteHouse.gov, Jul 19, 2002. "'AIDS czar' position unfilled since February", Washington Blade, Sep 15, 2006
  8. ^ Chibbaro, Lou Jr. "White House mum on AIDS director post: 'AIDS czar' position unfilled since February", Washington Blade, Sep 15, 2006 accessed Aug 30, 2009
  9. ^ Office of the Press Secretary."President Obama Selects Health Policy Expert to Head Office of National AIDS Policy", "WhiteHouse.gov", Feb 26, 2009. 'The activists' wish list, the new AIDS czar, Jeffrey Crowley", Advocate, May 1, 2009.
  10. ^ LA Times[1]
  11. ^ Evans and Novak. "Numerous Pitfalls Face Move to Fight Poverty", The Free Lance Star, Oct 25, 1965. "Poverty and now justice", Time, May 6, 1966. "Williams v. Phillips, US Ct of Appeals, DC Cir, 1973.
  12. ^ Evans and Novak. "U.S. names Asian Carp Czar", Chicago Tribune/WGN, Sept. 8, 2010.
  13. ^ AFP. "Rattner tapped as Treasury's advisor for US auto sector", Feb 23, 2009. Thomas, Ken, A.P. "Rattner to advise Treasury on auto industry" salon.com, Feb 23, 2009. King, Neil, Jr. "Auto czar quits post six months into the job", Wall St. Journal, Jul 14, 2009.
  14. ^ a b Allen, Mike. "Obama parks 'car czar' plan" Politico, Feb 16, 2009. Brown, Carrie Budoff. "Car czar decision has critics revved up", Politico, Feb 17, 2009.
  15. ^ AP."Ed Montgomery, auto recovery czar, asked to help auto suppliers",Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 26, 2009 "Archived by WebCite. "Univ of MD Dean Appointed", Mar 30, 2009. Luhby, Tami."Obama taps czar to help autoworkers",CNN, Mar 30, 2009, "Archived by WebCite".
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  34. ^ Laidlaw, Scott."Congress wants answers on Tillman death", USA Today, Jul 24, 2007. "Former Presidential Counselor Dan Bartlett To Join LBJ School Faculty", Univ of Texas At Austin, Jan 20, 2009.
  35. ^ Jaffee, Matthew "Obama's New Special Master: Don't Call Him 'Pay Czar'", Jun 11, 2009. Press release. "Interim Final Rule on TARP Standards for Compensation", Treasury.gov"Gulf claims czar briefing the Hill", July 22, 2010. Politico
  36. ^ Cha, Ariana Eunjung "Elizabeth Warren appointed White House 'consumer czar'", September 17, 2010. Washington Post "Consumer Czar Warren Sees Transparency in Banking as Top Priority", Oct. 5, 2010. PBS. David Lazarus "Consumer czar needs to get tough with banks", Oct 1, 2010. Los Angeles Times
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  49. ^ "Vice President Biden Announces", WhiteHouse.gov, Jun 26, 2009. Works out of the Office of the Vice President Erbe, Bonnie. "Obama's Endless Czar List Now Includes a Domestic Violence Aide", U.S. News blogs, Jun 29, 2009, Archived by WebCite.
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  84. ^ Rosenberg, Carol. "Fried named as Guantanamo Closure Czar", The State, May 13, 2009.
  85. ^ Pear, Robert.Washington at Work; An Idealist's New Task: To Revamp Health Care Feb 26, 1993. Solomon, Jolie. "For Magaziner, Reform Is The Road To Paradise", Newsweek, Sep 20, 1993. Maria Seminerio (December 1, 1998). "US Report: US to spur third-world e-commerce". ZDNet.  "White House Rejects Call to Can Internet Czar". Wired News. December 29, 1997.  Richard S. Dunham (Nev 3, 1999). "She's Weaving Web Policy from the West Wing". Business Week. 
  86. ^ Office of Press Secretary. Executive Order, Establishment of the White House Office of Health Reform, WhiteHouse.gov, Apr 8, 2009. Brown, Carrie Budoff. Obama taps DeParle as health czar, Politico, Mar 2, 2009.
  87. ^ AP."New York lawmakers ask Obama to rehire 9/11 health czar", Feb 23, 2009. AP. "Bush administration to replace health czar for World Trade Center", AJC.com, Jul 4, 2008. "The World Trade Center (WTC)Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program - A Unique NIOSH Funded Program for the Heroes of 9/11",CDC.gov, Pub. 109, 2007.
  88. ^ News Release. "Secretary Thompson, Seeking Fastest Possible Results, Names First Health Information Technology Coordinator", May 6, 2004. "David J. Brailer Resigns as Health IT Czar", "ANSI News, Apr 20, 2006.
  89. ^ "Obama's Electronic Health Records Czar: HIV Status and Abortions Need Not be Included ", "CNS News, July 21, 2010.
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  94. ^ Seabrook, Andrea."What's With This 'Czar' Talk?", NPR, May 16, 2007. Hsu, Spencer."A Bush Loyalist Tackles Katrina Recovery", Washington Post, Nov 20, 2005. Wald, Matthew L. "Bush’s Czar to Rebuild Gulf Coast Is Resigning", New York Times, Mar 1, 2008.
  95. ^ Time, Apr 24, 1978. Loeb, Marshall. "What Might Have Been",Time, Nov 6, 1978. Glassman, James K. Close, But No Big Czar, ReasonOnLine.com, Dec 18, 2000.
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  98. ^ "Bush Backs Creation of Intelligence Czar", Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN329-109, confirmed Apr 21, 2005. "Negroponte picked for intelligence czar",MSNBC.com, Feb 17, 2005. [3] "White House Counsel Harriet Miers Resigns, Negroponte to Shift Seats" Fox News, Jan 04, 2007.
  99. ^ Branigin, William. "Bush Backs Creation of Intelligence Czar","Intelligence czar reveals details"Virginian Pilot, Aug 23, 2007. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN206-110, confirmed Feb 07, 2007.
  100. ^ Eisler, Peter. "Obama's choice of Blair as intelligence czar covers bases", USA Today, Jan 8, 2009. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN65-01-111, confirmed, Jan 28, 2009.
  101. ^ Holland, Steve. "Obama fashions a government of many czars", Reuters, May 29, 2009, archived by WebCite.
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  103. ^ Set Aside Alert."President Bush has nominated Albert Frink","AllBusiness.com", Apr 16, 2004. "Senators tell government's new Mfg. czar to concentrate on China and unfair trade", Manufacturing and Technology News Jul 24, 2004. Price, Deb. "The invisible manufacturing czar", The Detroit News, Apr 28, 2006. Klein, Liese. "Manufacturing Czar Steps Down, Business New Haven, Jan 8, 2007, archived by WebCite.
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  105. ^ Bureaus reporting directly to the Secretary. "Special Envoy for Middle East Peace", State.gov. Fletcher, Michael A. and Dennis, Brady.Obama's Many Policy 'Czars' Draw Ire From Conservatives, Washington Post, Sep 16, 2009.
  106. ^ "Questionable concern about mine safety", San Diego Union Tribune, Aug 23, 2007. "The deeper danger of Crandall Canyon", Los Angeles Times, Aug 23, 2007. "Richard Stickler: Mine Safety Czar Fails To Live Up To His Name Utah Mining Association Newsletter, Jan 8, 2008. Position is Presidential Appointment, Senate Confirmed per 2008 Plum Book 2008 Plum Book.
  107. ^ "History of Minuteman Missile Sites, National Park Service, 1995, archived by WebCite. "Knowland tells why he backed Gardner delay", LA Times Archives, Aug 20, 1954. "The Administration, Trevor & the Missiles", Time, Feb 20, 1956.
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  111. ^ Thomas LOC, Presidential Nomination: PN418-111, confirmed June 19, 2009. Goler, Wendell."Obama's Army of Czars Raises Concerns About Executive Power", FoxNews.com, Jul 16, 2009, archived by WebCite
  112. ^ Sullivan, Andrew. "Too tired to think: team Bush loses its way", Times On Line, Mar 13, 2006. archived by Webcite. American Presidency Project. "Press Gaggle with Scott McClellan", Feb 8, 2005. Rutenberg, Jim. "Adviser who shaped Bush's speeches is leaving", New York Times, Jun 15, 2006.
  113. ^ "Hendersno Quits Price Czar Job", St. Petersburg Times, Jan 17, 1943. Exec Order establishing the Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply, Apr 11, 1941. Press Conference, Apr 11, 1941. "Henderson Quits:Capital Expects Brown to Head OPA", New York Times, Dec 17, 1942.
  114. ^ "U.S. At War: Enter Grimly", Time, Dec 28, 1942.
  115. ^ Appointed 1943. American Presidency Project. "Statement by the President Commending the Office of Price Administration", ended May 1, 1945. Archived 2009-10-31.
  116. ^ American Presidency Project. Remarks at a Meeting of the Cost of Living Council, Nov 15, 1971. "The Economy: The Take-Charge Price Czar", Time, Dec 20, 1971.
  117. ^ "U.S. At War: Trouble Ahead"Time, Feb 15, 1943. American Presidency Project."Executive Order 9024 Establishing the War Production Board", Jan 16, 1942.
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  119. ^ Kamen, Al. "Instead of Plum Appointments, Maybe A Lump of Coal", Washington Post, Dec 14, 2007. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN679-109, confirmed Jul 29, 2005.
  120. ^ Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN1133-110, confirmed Jun 4, 2008. Kamen, Al. "Get Thee to an Airport"Washington Post, Jun 10, 2008.
  121. ^ Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy. "National Reading Czar to Leave Public Sector for Teacher Ed. Venture". "Education Week", Jun 8, 2005. "G. Reid Lyon, PhD—Ex-officio Member of the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education", Archived Information, U.S Department of Education, Dec 13, 2001.
  122. ^ Pearson, Drew. "Truman's First 6 Months Good President Needs To Watch Friends", St. Petersburg Times, Oct 12, 1945, p. 6. "Oral History Interviews with John W. Snyder", TrumanLibrary.org
  123. ^ "Regulations Czar Prefers New Path",New York Times, Mar 21, 2001. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN213-107 confirmed Jul 19, 2001, PN1875-109, successor nominated, Aug 1, 2006.
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  125. ^ Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN323-111, confirmed Sep 9, 2009. Weisman, Jonathan and Bravin Jess. Obama's Regulatory Czar Likely to Set a New Tone, Wall Street Journal, Jan 8, 2009.
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  127. ^ "People - Ryan in Wings as Savings and Loan Czar", Los Angeles Times, Mar 9, 1990. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN1161-101, confirmed, PN196-105 successor nominated.
  128. ^ Special Report Tech. "A Talk with Bush's Science Czar", Mar 16, 2004. About OSTP. "Previous Science Advisors" "OSTP.gov"
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  139. ^ Office of the Press Secretary. President Barack Obama Announces Key White House Posts, WhiteHouse.gov, Feb 19, 2009. Meckler, Laura. 'Czars' Ascend at White House, Wall Street Journal, Dec 15, 2008.
  140. ^ a b "Bush picks Gen. Lute as "war czar" for Iraq", Stolberg, Sheryl. [4], New York Times, May 16, 2007. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN599-110 confirmed Jun 28, 2007.
  141. ^ Cole, August. "Obama's Pick for Weapons Czar Will Target Cost Overruns", Wall Street Journal, Mar 26, 2009. Thomas LOC Presidential Nominations. PN207-111, confirmed Apr 23, 2009.
  142. ^ "Gary Samore Tapped for Weapons of Mass Destruction 'Czar'", Fox News, Jan 29, 2009. Arms Control Update. "Press Briefing by Gary Samore and Denis McDonough", Apr 5, 2009.
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