List of U.S. National Historic Landmarks by state

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The United States National Historic Landmark Program is designed to recognize and honor the nation's cultural and historical heritage. The program was formally inaugurated with a series of listings on October 9, 1960; as of April 22, 2014, there are 2,532 designated landmarks. A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its national historical significance. A National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) is a historic district that is recognized as an NHL. Its geographic area may include contributing properties that are buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties.

The program is administered by the National Park Service (NPS), a branch of the Department of the Interior. The National Park Service determines which properties meet NHL criteria and makes nomination recommendations after an owner notification process.[1] The Secretary of the Interior reviews nominations and, based on a set of predetermined criteria, makes a decision on NHL designation or a determination of eligibility for designation.[2] Both public and privately owned properties can be designated as NHLs. This designation provides indirect, partial protection of the historic integrity of the properties via tax incentives, grants, monitoring of threats, and other means.[1] Owners may object to the nomination of the property as a NHL. When this is the case the Secretary of the Interior can only designate a site as eligible for designation.[2]

All NHLs are also included on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), a list of some 80,000 historic properties that the National Park Service deems to be worthy of recognition. The primary difference between a NHL and a NRHP listing is that the NHLs are determined to have national significance, while other NRHP properties are deemed significant at the local or state level.[1]

Tabular listing[edit]

Most landmark designations are in one of the 50 states. New York is the state with the most (260), and New York City, with 109 designations, is the city with the largest number of designations. Of the states, North Dakota has the fewest designations with six. Three cities (New York City, Philadelphia, and Boston) have enough listings to warrant lists separate from their respective states.

A small number of designations have been made outside the 50 states. Most of these appear in United States possessions. The Virgin Islands have five listings, Puerto Rico has four, and island possessions in the South Pacific have six. Five listings are found in Pacific island nations with which the U.S. has established a free association agreement, and one listing, the American Legation in Tangier (the nation's first foreign public property), is found in the unaffiliated Kingdom of Morocco.

State or
region
Number of
landmarks
Earliest
declared[3]
Latest
declared[3]
Example
Alabama37October 9, 1960March 11, 2013Dexter Avenue Baptist.jpg
Alaska49January 20, 1961April 4, 2005Holy Assumption Orthodox Church
Arizona45[4][5]October 9, 1960April 22, 2014Canyon de Chelly1.jpg
Arkansas16October 9, 1960July 31, 2003Central High School
California142[6][5]October 9, 1960October 16, 2012The Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
Colorado24[7]December 19, 1960October 16, 2012A steam locomotive of the D&SNG
Connecticut61October 9, 1960March 11, 2013Connecticut State Capitol north side.jpg
Delaware13January 20, 1961June 14, 2011Habs new castle county court house.jpg
Florida43October 9, 1960March 2, 2012The Ernest Hemingway House in Key West.
Georgia48January 20, 1961October 6, 2008Johnston-Felton-Hay House
Hawaii33December 29, 1962March 29, 2007The church established by Father Damien at the Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement.
Idaho10[8]October 9, 1960June 21, 1990Experimental Breeder Reactor No. 1.
Illinois86[9]October 9, 1960April 22, 2014Lincoln's Tomb
Indiana38October 9, 1960October 16, 2012North Christian Church, a historic example of modern architecture.
Iowa25[10]June 30, 1960October 16, 2012Old Capitol Iowa City.jpg
Kansas25December 19, 1960October 16, 2012Grant Hall at Fort Leavenworth.
Kentucky32[11]December 19, 1960March 11, 2013Belle of Louisville
Louisiana53October 9, 1960October 6, 2008Louisiana State Capitol
Maine43October 9, 1960March 11, 2013Bowdoin SableIsland.jpg
Maryland73[12]October 9, 1960July 31, 2003USCGC Taney.
Massachusetts
(Boston alone)
186
(57)
October 9, 1960October 16, 2012Boston Light.jpg
Michigan36October 9, 1960April 22, 2014Clock tower of the Henry Ford Museum adjacent to Greenfield Village.
Minnesota25December 19, 1960June 23, 2011National Farmer's Bank of Owatonna
Mississippi38[13]July 19, 1964October 6, 2008Beauvoir, showing damage from Hurricane Katrina.
Missouri37[9]October 9, 1960March 29, 2007Gateway Arch July 2009.jpg
Montana26[8]October 9, 1960March 2, 2012House of Chief Plenty Coups at Chief Plenty Coups State Park.
Nebraska20December 19, 1960April 14, 1993USS Hazard (AM-240)
Nevada8[4]January 20, 1961October 16, 2012Hoover Dam
New Hampshire23October 9, 1960March 11, 2013Shaker Village c. 1920
New Jersey57[14][15]October 9, 1960March 11, 2013The Great Falls of the Passaic River
New Mexico46[7]October 9, 1960October 16, 2012NewMexicoPalaceSantaFe.jpg
New York
(New York City alone)
263[14][16]
(110)
October 9, 1960March 11, 2013Empire State Building from the Top of the Rock.jpg
North Carolina38November 5, 1961August 7, 2001Fort Fisher (painting/excerpt 1890): shows stylized earthen walls along the Northern Bastion.
North Dakota6July 4, 1961July 13, 2011Catlin Hidatsa village.jpg
Ohio73[11][17]October 9, 1960October 16, 2012TaftMuseum.jpg
Oklahoma22December 19, 1960March 11, 2013Washita Battlefield
Oregon17[6][18]January 20, 1961July 25, 2011Timberline Lodge.
Pennsylvania
(Philadelphia alone)
166[15][17][16]
(67)
January 20, 1961April 22, 2014Academy of Music
Rhode Island45October 9, 1960October 16, 2012The Breakers as seen from the lawn leading down to the sea
South Carolina76October 9, 1960March 29, 2007South Carolina Statehouse
South Dakota16[10]July 4, 1961June 17, 2011Rocky summit of Bear Butte and view over the Dakota plains.
Tennessee30[13]October 9, 1960June 17, 2011Battle of Franklin II 1864.jpg
Texas46December 19, 1960July 19, 2003Alamo Mission in San Antonio
Utah14January 20, 1961June 23, 2011The Bingham Canyon Open Pit Copper Mine.
Vermont17September 22, 1960January 3, 2001Round church richmond vermont 20040808.jpg
Virginia122October 7, 1960March 11, 2013Montpelier, undergoing restoration.
Washington24[18]July 4, 1961August 19, 2008The Pioneer Square Pergola with the Pioneer Building behind.
West Virginia16July 19, 1964July 31, 2003Weston State Hospital
Wisconsin41October 9, 1960October 16, 2012Looking at Taliesin from Hill Crown.jpg
Wyoming24December 19, 1960September 20, 2006Independence Rock WY.jpg
District of Columbia74[12]December 19, 1960June 14, 2011The Great Hall of the Library of Congress.
U.S. Commonwealths
and Territories
[19]
17October 9, 1960March 11, 2013Skytsborg, Virgin Islands (Blackbeard's Castle)
Associated States[20]5December 17, 1982September 16, 1985Battle of Peleliu
Foreign States[21]1December 17, 1982December 17, 1982Courtyard of American Legation in Tangier, Morocco
Duplicates(19)Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey.
Total2,529June 30, 1960April 22, 2014

Map[edit]

Alternatively, click on the state in the map below to go to the list of NHLs in that state.

Click on a state to see a list of the National Historic Landmarks in that state.
List of National Historic Landmarks in AlabamaList of National Historic Landmarks in AlaskaList of National Historic Landmarks in ArizonaList of National Historic Landmarks in ArkansasList of National Historic Landmarks in CaliforniaList of National Historic Landmarks in ColoradoList of National Historic Landmarks in ConnecticutList of National Historic Landmarks in ConnecticutList of National Historic Landmarks in DelawareList of National Historic Landmarks in DelawareList of National Historic Landmarks in the District of ColumbiaList of National Historic Landmarks in FloridaList of National Historic Landmarks in Georgia (U.S. state)List of National Historic Landmarks in HawaiʻiList of National Historic Landmarks in IdahoList of National Historic Landmarks in IllinoisList of National Historic Landmarks in IndianaList of National Historic Landmarks in IowaList of National Historic Landmarks in KansasList of National Historic Landmarks in KentuckyList of National Historic Landmarks in LouisianaList of National Historic Landmarks in MaineList of National Historic Landmarks in MarylandList of National Historic Landmarks in MarylandList of National Historic Landmarks in MassachusettsList of National Historic Landmarks in MassachusettsList of National Historic Landmarks in MichiganList of National Historic Landmarks in MinnesotaList of National Historic Landmarks in MississippiList of National Historic Landmarks in MissouriList of National Historic Landmarks in MontanaList of National Historic Landmarks in NebraskaList of National Historic Landmarks in NevadaList of National Historic Landmarks in New HampshireList of National Historic Landmarks in New HampshireList of National Historic Landmarks in New JerseyList of National Historic Landmarks in New JerseyList of National Historic Landmarks in New MexicoList of National Historic Landmarks in New YorkList of National Historic Landmarks in North CarolinaList of National Historic Landmarks in North DakotaList of National Historic Landmarks in OhioList of National Historic Landmarks in OklahomaList of National Historic Landmarks in OregonList of National Historic Landmarks in PennsylvaniaList of National Historic Landmarks in Rhode IslandList of National Historic Landmarks in Rhode IslandList of National Historic Landmarks in South CarolinaList of National Historic Landmarks in South DakotaList of National Historic Landmarks in TennesseeList of National Historic Landmarks in TexasList of National Historic Landmarks in UtahList of National Historic Landmarks in VermontList of National Historic Landmarks in VermontList of National Historic Landmarks in VirginiaList of National Historic Landmarks in WashingtonList of National Historic Landmarks in West VirginiaList of National Historic Landmarks in West VirginiaList of National Historic Landmarks in WisconsinList of National Historic Landmarks in WyomingMap of USA with state names.svg
Additional NHLs in...

Commonwealths and territories:
Associated states:
Foreign states:

includes listings in Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, and minor outlying islands
includes listings in Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, and Palau
includes one listing in Morocco


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". National Historic Landmarks Program. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Title 36 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 65". US Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  3. ^ a b National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  4. ^ a b Hoover Dam overlaps and is counted in both Arizona and Nevada.
  5. ^ a b Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites included in both Arizona and California
  6. ^ a b Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge included in California and Oregon
  7. ^ a b Raton Pass and Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension included in Colorado and New Mexico.
  8. ^ a b Lemhi Pass and Lolo Trail appear in Idaho and in Montana.
  9. ^ a b Eads Bridge overlaps and is counted in both Illinois and Missouri
  10. ^ a b Blood Run Site included in Iowa and South Dakota
  11. ^ a b Covington and Cincinnati Suspension Bridge included in Kentucky and Ohio
  12. ^ a b Washington Aqueduct included in both Maryland and Washington, D.C.
  13. ^ a b Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites included in Mississippi and Tennessee
  14. ^ a b Holland Tunnel and Palisades Interstate Park included in both New Jersey and New York
  15. ^ a b Minisink Archeological Site and Washington's Crossing included in New Jersey and Pennsylvania
  16. ^ a b Delaware and Hudson Canal included in New York and Pennsylvania
  17. ^ a b Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey included in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
  18. ^ a b Bonneville Dam Historic District included in Oregon and Washington
  19. ^ The U.S. Commonwealths and Territories having NHLs are: American Samoa (with 2), Midway Islands (1), Northern Mariana Islands (2), Puerto Rico (4), Virgin Islands (5), and Wake Island (1).
  20. ^ The Associated States having NHLs are Marshall Islands (with 2), Federated States of Micronesia (2), and Palau (1).
  21. ^ The only foreign state having a U.S. NHL is Morocco (with 1 NHL).

References[edit]

External links[edit]