List of Stanley Cup champions

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The Stanley Cup is an ice hockey club trophy, awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoffs champion at the conclusion of the Stanley Cup Finals. It was donated by the Governor General of Canada Lord Stanley of Preston in 1892, and is the oldest professional sports trophy in North America.[1] Originally inscribed the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, the trophy started out as an award for Canada's top-ranking amateur ice hockey club in the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada. In 1915, the two professional ice hockey organizations, the National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA), reached a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other for the Stanley Cup. After a series of league mergers and folds, it became the de facto championship trophy of the NHL in 1926. The Cup later became the de jure NHL championship prize in 1947.

Since the 1914–15 season, the trophy has been won a combined 95 times by 18 teams now active in the NHL and five defunct teams. Prior to that, the challenge cup was held by nine different teams. The Montreal Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup 24 times and made the finals an additional ten times. There were two years when the Stanley Cup was not awarded: 1919, because of the Spanish flu epidemic, and 2005, because of the NHL lockout.

Challenge Cup era (1893–1914)[edit]

Two rows of ice hockey players, with the front row seated and most of the back row standing. Some of the players are holding hockey sticks, and various trophies are placed in front of them.
The first Stanley Cup Champions: The Montreal Hockey Club

The origins of the Challenge era come from the method of play of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada prior to 1893. From 1887 to 1893, the league did not play a round-robin format, but rather challenges between teams of the association that year, with the winner of the series being the 'interim' champion, with the final challenge winner becoming the league champion for the year. The Stanley Cup kept the tradition going, but added league championships as another way that a team could win the trophy. If a team in the same league as the current champion won the league championship, it would then inherit the Cup, without a challenge. The only time this rule was not followed was in 1904, when the Ottawa Senators club withdrew from its league, the CAHL. The trustees ruled that the Cup stayed with Ottawa, instead of the CAHL league champion.

During the challenge cup period, none of the leagues that played for the trophy had a formal playoff system to decide their respective champions; whichever team finished in first place after the regular season won the league title.[2] A playoff would only be played if teams tied for first-place in their leagues at the end of the regular season. Challenge games were played until 1912 at any time during hockey season by challenges approved and/or ordered by the Stanley Cup trustees. In 1912, Cup trustees declared that it was only to be defended at the end of the champion team's regular season.[3]

In 1908, the Allan Cup was introduced as the trophy for Canada's amateurs, as the Stanley Cup became a symbol of professional hockey supremacy.[4]

This table lists the outcome of all Stanley Cup wins, including successful victories and defenses in challenges, and league championships for the challenge era.

DateWinning teamCoachLosing teamPlayoff formatScoreWinning goal
March 17, 1893Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)Harry Shaw (mgr.)1893 AHAC champions, no challengers
March 22, 1894Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)Harry Shaw (mgr.)Ottawa HC (AHAC)Single-elimination
(1894 AHAC championship playoff)
3–1Billy Barlow (9:00, third qtr)
March 8, 1895Montreal Victorias (AHAC)[A]Mike Grant (capt.)1895 AHAC Champion
March 9, 1895Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)[A]Harry Shaw (mgr.)Queen's University(OHA)Single-elimination5–1
February 14, 1896Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Jack Armytage (capt.)Montreal Victorias (AHAC)Single-elimination2–0Jack Armytage (10:00, first half)[5][6]
February 29, 1896Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Jack Armytage (capt.)1896 MHA champion[7]
December 30, 1896Montreal Victorias (AHAC)Mike Grant (capt.)Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Single-elimination6–5Ernie McLea (28:00, second half)
March 6, 1897Montreal Victorias (AHAC)Mike Grant (capt.)1897 AHAC Champion
December 27, 1897Montreal Victorias (AHAC)Mike Grant (capt.)Ottawa Capitals (CCHA)Single-elimination[B]15–2
March 5, 1898Montreal Victorias (AHAC)Frank Richardson-playing1898 AHAC Champion
February 15–18, 1899Montreal Victorias (CAHL)Frank Richardson-PlayingWinnipeg Victorias (MHA)Two-game total goals5–3Robert MacDougall (second half)
March 4, 1899Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)Barney Dunphy1899 CAHL Champion
March 14, 1899Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)Barney DunphyQueen's University (OHA)Single-elimination6–2Harry Trihey
February 12–15, 1900Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)Barney DunphyWinnipeg Victorias (MHA)Best-of-three2–1Harry Trihey (second half)
March 7, 1900Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)Barney DunphyHalifax Crescents (MaPHL)Best-of-three2–0Joe McKenna
March 10, 1900Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)Barney Dunphy1900 CAHL Champion
January 29–31, 1901Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Dan Bain (capt.)Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL)Best-of-three2–0Dan Bain (4:00, OT)
February 19, 1901Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Dan Bain (capt.)Winnipeg HC (MHA)Single-elimination
(1901 MHA championship)
January 21–23, 1902Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Dan Bain (capt.)Toronto Wellingtons (OHA)Best-of-three2–0Fred Scanlon (9:00, second half)
March, 1902Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)Dan Bain (capt.)1902 MHA Champion
March 13–17, 1902Montreal HC (CAHL)Clarence McKerrowWinnipeg Victorias (MHA)Best-of-three2–1Jack Marshall (first half)
January 29–31,
February 2–4, 1903
Montreal HC (CAHL)D. BrowneWinnipeg Victorias (MHA)Best-of-three2–1[C]Tom Phillips
March 7–10, 1903Ottawa HC (CAHL)Alf SmithMontreal Victorias (CAHL)Two-game total goals
(1903 CAHL championship playoff)
9–1Suddy Gilmour (4:34, first half, second game)
March 12–14, 1903Ottawa HC (CAHL)Alf SmithRat Portage Thistles (MNWHA)Two-game total goals10–4Frank McGee (8:20, first half)
Dec 30, 1903, January 1–4, 1904Ottawa HC (CAHL)Alf Smith-playingWinnipeg Rowing Club (MHA)Best-of-three2–1Frank McGee (11:00, second half)
February 23–25, 1904Ottawa HC[D]Alf Smith-playingToronto Marlboros (OHA)Best-of-three2–0Arthur Moore (9:38, first half)
March 2, 1904Ottawa HC[D]Alf Smith-playingMontreal Wanderers (FAHL)Two-game total goals[E]
March 9–11, 1904Ottawa HC[D]Alf Smith-playingBrandon Wheat Cities (MNWHA)Best-of-three2–0Frank McGee (18:00, first half)
January 13–16, 1905Ottawa HC (FAHL)Alf Smith-playingDawson City NuggetsBest-of-three2–0Harry Westwick (12:15, first half)
March 3, 1905Ottawa HC (FAHL)Alf Smith-playing1905 FAHL Champion
March 7–9-11, 1905Ottawa HC (FAHL)Alf Smith-playingRat Portage Thistles (MHL)Best-of-three2–1Frank McGee
February 27–28, 1906Ottawa HC (ECAHA)Alf Smith-playingQueen's University (OHA)Best-of-three2–0Harvey Pulford (10:00, second half)
March 6–8, 1906Ottawa HC (ECAHA)Alf Smith-playingSmiths Falls HC(FAHL)Best-of-three2–0Frank McGee (17:45, first half)
March 14–17, 1906Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Cecil Blachford-playingOttawa HC (ECAHA)Two-game total goals
(1906 ECAHA championship playoff)
12–10Lester Patrick
December 27–29, 1906Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Cecil Blachford-playingNew Glasgow Cubs (MaHL)Two-game total goals17–5
January 21–23, 1907Kenora Thistles (MPHL)James LinkMontreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Two-game total goals12–8Roxy Beaudro
March 16–18, 1907Kenora Thistles (MPHL)James LinkBrandon Wheat Cities (MPHL)Best-of-three
(1907 MPHL championship)
2–0Fred Whitcroft (19:00, first half)[9]
March 23–25, 1907Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Lester Patrick (capt.)Kenora Thistles (MPHL)Two-game total goals12–8Ernest "Moose" Johnson
January 9–13, 1908Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Cecil Blachford (capt.)Ottawa Victorias (FAHL)Two-game total goals22–4Frank Glass (25:00, first half, first game)[10]
March 7, 1908Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Cecil Blachford (capt.)1908 ECAHA Champions
March 10–12, 1908Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Cecil Blachford (capt.)Winnipeg Maple Leafs (MPHL)Two-game total goals20–8
March 14, 1908Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)Cecil Blachford (capt.)Toronto (OPHL)Single-elimination6–4Ernest "Moose" Johnson
December 28–30, 1908Montreal Wanderers (ECHA)Cecil Blachford (capt.)Edmonton Hockey Club (AAHA)Two-game total goals13–10
March 6, 1909Ottawa HC (ECHA)Pete Green1909 ECHA champions
January 5–7, 1910Ottawa HC (CHA)Pete GreenGalt HC (OPHL)Two-game total goals15–4Bruce Ridpath (second half)
January 18–20, 1910Ottawa HC (NHA)Pete GreenEdmonton Hockey Club (AAHA)Two-game total goals21–11Bruce Stuart (23:45, first half)
March 9, 1910Montreal Wanderers (NHA)Frank Glass (capt.)1910 NHA Champion
March 12, 1910Montreal Wanderers (NHA)Frank Glass (capt.)Berlin Dutchmen (OPHL)Single-elimination7–3Harry Hyland (22:00, first half)
March 10, 1911Ottawa HC (NHA)Pete Green1911 NHA Champions
March 13, 1911Ottawa HC (NHA)Pete GreenGalt HC (OPHL)Single-elimination7–4Marty Walsh (5:00, third)
March 16, 1911Ottawa HC (NHA)Pete GreenPort Arthur Bearcats
(New Ontario Hockey League)
Single-elimination13–4Marty Walsh (4:30, second)
March 5, 1912Quebec Bulldogs (NHA)Charles Nollan1912 NHA Champions
March 11–13, 1912Quebec Bulldogs (NHA)Charles NolanMoncton Victorias (MaPHL)Best-of-three2–0Joe Malone (18:00, first)
March 5, 1913Quebec Bulldogs (NHA)Joe Malone (capt.)1913 NHA Champions
March 8–10, 1913Quebec Bulldogs (NHA)Joe Malone (capt.)Sydney Millionaires (MaPHL)Two-game total goals20–5
March 7–11, 1914Toronto Hockey Club (NHA)Scotty Davidson (capt.)Montreal Canadiens (NHA)Two-game total goals
(1914 NHA championship playoff)
6–2Scotty Davidson (2:00, third)
March 14–17-19, 1914Toronto Hockey Club (NHA)Scotty Davidson (capt.)Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA)Best-of-five3–0 [F]Harry Cameron (6:00, third)

^ A. Although the Montreal Victorias won the AHAC title in 1895, the Stanley Cup trustees had already accepted a challenge from the 1894 Cup champion Montreal HC and Queen's University. As a compromise, the trustees decided that if the Montreal HC won the challenge match, the Victorias would become the Stanley Cup champions. The Montreals eventually won the game, 5–1, and their crosstown rivals were awarded the Cup.

^ B. Intended to be a best-of-three series, Ottawa Capitals withdrew their challenge after the first game.

^ C. The January 31 (a Saturday) game was tied 2–2 at midnight and the Mayor of Westmount refused to allow play to continue on the Sunday. The game was played on February 2 (a Monday) and the January 31 game was considered to be void.[11]

^ D. For most of 1904, the Ottawa Senators were not affiliated with any league.

^ E. The Montreal Wanderers were disqualified as the result of a dispute. After game one ended tied at the end of regulation, 5–5, the Wanderers refused to play overtime with the current referee, and then subsequently refused to play the next game of the series in Ottawa.

^ F. During the series, it was revealed that the Victoria club had not filed a formal challenge. A letter arrived from the Stanley Cup trustees on March 17, stating that the trustees would not let the Stanley Cup travel west, as they did not consider Victoria a proper challenger because they had not formally notified the trustees.[12] However, on March 18, Trustee William Foran stated that it was a misunderstanding. PCHA president Frank Patrick had not filed a challenge, because he had expected Emmett Quinn, president of the NHA to make all of the arrangements in his role as hockey commissioner, whereas the trustees thought they were being deliberately ignored. In any case, all arrangements had been ironed out and the Victoria challenge was accepted.[13][14]


NHA/NHL vs. PCHA/WCHL/WHL champions (1915–1926)[edit]

Several days after the Victoria Aristocrats challenge of the Toronto Hockey Club, Stanley Cup trustee William Foran wrote to NHA president Emmett Quinn that the trustees are "perfectly satisfied to allow the representatives of the three pro leagues (NHA, PCHA, and Maritime) to make all arrangements each season as to the series of matches to be played for the Cup."[15] One year later, the NHA and the PCHA concluded a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other for the Cup. Under the new proposal, the Stanley Cup championship finals alternated between the East and the West each year, with alternating games played according to NHA and PCHA rules.[16] The Cup trustees agreed to this new arrangement, because after the Allan Cup became the highest prize for amateur hockey teams in Canada, the trustees had become dependent on the top two professional leagues to bolster the prominence of the trophy.[17] After the Portland Rosebuds, an American-based team, joined the PCHA in 1914, the trustees issued a statement that the Cup was no longer for the best team in Canada, but now for the best team in the world.[16] Two years later, the Rosebuds became the first American team to play in the Stanley Cup championship final.[17] In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans became the first American team to win the Cup.[18] After that season, the NHA dissolved, and the National Hockey League (NHL) took its place.[16]

In 1919, the Spanish influenza epidemic forced the Montreal Canadiens and the Seattle Metropolitans to cancel their series tied at 2–2–1, marking the first time the Stanley Cup was not awarded.[19]

The format for the Stanley Cup championship changed in 1922, with the creation of the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). Now three leagues competed for the Cup and this necessitated a semi-final series between two league champions, with the third having a bye directly to the final.[20] In 1924, the PCHA folded and only the Vancouver and Victoria teams entered the WCHL. With the loss of the PCHA, the championship reverted to a single series.[21] After their win in 1925, the Victoria Cougars became the last team outside the NHL to win the Stanley Cup.[22] For the 1925–26 season the WCHL was renamed the Western Hockey League (WHL). With the Victoria Cougars' loss in 1926, it would be the last time a non-NHL team competed for the Stanley Cup.

YearWinning teamCoachLosing teamCoachGamesWinning goal
1915Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA)Frank Patrick-playingOttawa Senators (NHA)Frank Shaughnessy (mgr.)3–0Barney Stanley (5:30, second)
1916Montreal Canadiens (NHA)Newsy Lalonde-playingPortland Rosebuds (PCHA)Edward Savage (mgr.)3–2George Prodgers (17:20, third)
1917Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA)Pete MuldoonMontreal Canadiens (NHA)Newsy Lalonde-playing3–1Bernie Morris (7:55, first)
1918Toronto[23] (NHL)Dick CarrollVancouver Millionaires (PCHA)Frank Patrick-playing3–2Corb Denneny (10:30, third)
1919Montreal Canadiens (NHL) vs. Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) – Series cancelled after the fifth game because of the flu epidemic – Stanley Cup not awarded
1920Ottawa Senators (NHL)Pete GreenSeattle Metropolitans (PCHA)Pete Muldoon3–2Jack Darragh (5:00, third)
1921Ottawa Senators (NHL)Pete GreenVancouver Millionaires (PCHA)Frank Patrick-playing3–2Jack Darragh (9:40, second)
1922Toronto St. Pats (NHL)George O'DonoghueVancouver Millionaires (PCHA)Frank Patrick-playing3–2Babe Dye (4:20, first)
1923Ottawa Senators (NHL)Pete GreenEdmonton Eskimos (WCHL)Ken McKenzine2–0Punch Broadbent (11:23, first)
1924Montreal Canadiens (NHL)Léo DandurandCalgary Tigers (WCHL)Eddie Oatman-playing2–0Howie Morenz (4:55, first)
1925Victoria Cougars (WCHL)Lester PatrickMontreal Canadiens (NHL)Léo Dandurand3–1Gizzy Hart (2:35, second)
1926Montreal Maroons (NHL)Eddie GerardVictoria Cougars (WHL)Lester Patrick3–1Nels Stewart (2:50, second)

NHL champions (Since 1927)[edit]

The WHL folded in 1926, and its assets were bought by the NHL. This left the NHL as the only league left competing for the Cup. Other leagues and clubs have issued challenges, but from that year forward, no non-NHL team has played for it, leading it to become the de facto championship trophy of the NHL.[21] In 1947, the NHL reached an agreement with trustees P. D. Ross and Cooper Smeaton to grant control of the cup to the NHL, allowing the league itself to reject challenges from other leagues that may have wished to play for the Cup.[24][25] A 2006 Ontario Superior Court case found that the trustees had gone against Lord Stanley's conditions in the 1947 agreement.[26] The NHL has agreed to allow other teams to play for the Cup should the league not be operating, as was the case in the 2004–05 NHL lockout.[25]

Since 1927, the league's playoff format, deciding which teams advanced to the Stanley Cup Finals, has changed multiple times. In some systems that were previously used, playoff teams were seeded regardless of division or conference. Since 1982, the Finals have been played between the league's conference playoff champions.

YearWinning teamCoachLosing teamCoachGamesWinning goal
1927Ottawa Senators (C)Dave GillBoston Bruins (A)Art Ross2–0–2Cy Denneny (7:30, second)
1928New York Rangers (A)Lester Patrick-playingMontreal Maroons (C)Eddie Gerard3–2Frank Boucher (3:35, third)
1929Boston Bruins (A)Cy Denneny-playingNew York Rangers (A)Lester Patrick2–0Bill Carson (18:02, third)
1930Montreal Canadiens (C)Cecil HartBoston Bruins (A)Art Ross2–0Howie Morenz (1:00, second)
1931Montreal Canadiens (C)Cecil HartChicago Black Hawks (A)Dick Irvin3–2Johnny Gagnon (9:59, second)
1932Toronto Maple Leafs (C)Dick IrvinNew York Rangers (A)Lester Patrick3–0Ace Bailey (15:07, third)
1933New York Rangers (A)Lester PatrickToronto Maple Leafs (C)Dick Irvin3–1Bill Cook (7:34, OT)
1934Chicago Black Hawks (A)Tommy GormanDetroit Red Wings (A)Jack Adams3–1Mush March (10:05, second OT)
1935Montreal Maroons (C)Tommy GormanToronto Maple Leafs (C)Dick Irvin3–0Baldy Northcott (16:18, second)
1936Detroit Red Wings (A)Jack AdamsToronto Maple Leafs (C)Dick Irvin3–1Pete Kelly (9:45, third)
1937Detroit Red Wings (A)Jack AdamsNew York Rangers (A)Lester Patrick3–2Marty Barry (19:22, first)
1938Chicago Black Hawks (A)Bill StewartToronto Maple Leafs (C)Dick Irvin3–1Carl Voss (16:45, second)
1939Boston BruinsArt RossToronto Maple LeafsDick Irvin4–1Roy Conacher (17:54, second)
1940New York RangersFrank BoucherToronto Maple LeafsDick Irvin4–2Bryan Hextall (2:07, OT)
1941Boston BruinsCooney WeilandDetroit Red WingsJack Adams4–0Bobby Bauer (8:43, second)
1942Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsJack Adams4–3Pete Langelle (9:48, third)
1943Detroit Red WingsJack AdamsBoston BruinsArt Ross4–0Joe Carveth (12:09, first)
1944Montreal CanadiensDick IrvinChicago Black HawksPaul Thompson4–0Toe Blake (9:12, OT)
1945Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsJack Adams4–3Babe Pratt (12:14, third)
1946Montreal CanadiensDick IrvinBoston BruinsDit Clapper4–1Toe Blake (11:06, third)
1947Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–2Ted Kennedy (14:39, third)
1948Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsTommy Ivan4–0Harry Watson (11:13, first)
1949Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsTommy Ivan4–0Cal Gardner (19:45, second)
1950Detroit Red WingsTommy IvanNew York RangersLynn Patrick4–3Pete Babando (8:31, second OT)
1951Toronto Maple LeafsJoe PrimeauMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–1Bill Barilko (2:53, OT)
1952Detroit Red WingsTommy IvanMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–0Metro Prystai (6:50, first)
1953Montreal CanadiensDick IrvinBoston BruinsLynn Patrick4–1Elmer Lach (1:22, OT)
1954Detroit Red WingsTommy IvanMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–3Tony Leswick (4:20, OT)
1955Detroit Red WingsJimmy SkinnerMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–3Gordie Howe (19:49, second)
1956Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeDetroit Red WingsJimmy Skinner4–1Maurice Richard (15:08, second)
1957Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeBoston BruinsMilt Schmidt4–1Dickie Moore (0:14, second)
1958Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeBoston BruinsMilt Schmidt4–2Bernie Geoffrion (19:26, second)
1959Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeToronto Maple LeafsPunch Imlach4–1Marcel Bonin (9:55, second)
1960Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeToronto Maple LeafsPunch Imlach4–0Jean Beliveau (8:16, first)
1961Chicago Black HawksRudy PilousDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–2Ab McDonald (18:49, second)
1962Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachChicago Black HawksRudy Pilous4–2Dick Duff (14:14, third)
1963Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–1Eddie Shack (13:28, third)
1964Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–3Andy Bathgate (3:04, first)
1965Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeChicago Black HawksBilly Reay4–3Jean Beliveau (0:14, first)
1966Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–2Henri Richard (2:20, OT)
1967Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachMontreal CanadiensToe Blake4–2Jim Pappin (19:24, second)
1968Montreal Canadiens (E)Toe BlakeSt. Louis Blues (W)Scotty Bowman4–0J. C. Tremblay (11:40, third)
1969Montreal Canadiens (E)Claude RuelSt. Louis Blues (W)Scotty Bowman4–0John Ferguson (3:02, third)
1970Boston Bruins (E)Harry SindenSt. Louis Blues (W)Scotty Bowman4–0Bobby Orr (0:40, OT)
1971Montreal Canadiens (E)Al MacNeilChicago Black Hawks (W)Billy Reay4–3Henri Richard (2:34, third)
1972Boston Bruins (E)Tom JohnsonNew York Rangers (E)Emile Francis4–2Bobby Orr (11:18, first)
1973Montreal Canadiens (E)Scotty BowmanChicago Black Hawks (W)Billy Reay4–2Yvan Cournoyer (8:13, third)
1974Philadelphia Flyers (W)Fred SheroBoston Bruins (E)Bep Guidolin4–2Rick MacLeish (14:48, first)
1975Philadelphia Flyers (CC)Fred SheroBuffalo Sabres (PW)Floyd Smith4–2Bob Kelly (0:11, third)
1976Montreal Canadiens (PW)Scotty BowmanPhiladelphia Flyers (CC)Fred Shero4–0Guy Lafleur (14:18, third)
1977Montreal Canadiens (PW)Scotty BowmanBoston Bruins (PW)Don Cherry4–0Jacques Lemaire (4:32, OT)
1978Montreal Canadiens (PW)Scotty BowmanBoston Bruins (PW)Don Cherry4–2Mario Tremblay (9:20, first)
1979Montreal Canadiens (PW)Scotty BowmanNew York Rangers (CC)Fred Shero4–1Jacques Lemaire (1:02, second)
1980New York Islanders (CC)Al ArbourPhiladelphia Flyers (CC)Pat Quinn4–2Bob Nystrom (7:11, OT)
1981New York Islanders (CC)Al ArbourMinnesota North Stars (PW)Glen Sonmor4–1Wayne Merrick (5:37, first)
1982New York Islanders (PW)Al ArbourVancouver Canucks (CC)Roger Neilson4–0Mike Bossy (5:00, second)
1983New York Islanders (PW)Al ArbourEdmonton Oilers (CC)Glen Sather4–0Mike Bossy (12:39, first)
1984Edmonton Oilers (CC)Glen SatherNew York Islanders (PW)Al Arbour4–1Ken Linseman (0:38, second)
1985Edmonton Oilers (CC)Glen SatherPhiladelphia Flyers (PW)Mike Keenan4–1Paul Coffey (17:57, first)
1986Montreal Canadiens (PW)Jean PerronCalgary Flames (CC)Bob Johnson4–1Bobby Smith (10:30, third)
1987Edmonton Oilers (CC)Glen SatherPhiladelphia Flyers (PW)Mike Keenan4–3Jari Kurri (14:59, second)
1988Edmonton Oilers (CC)Glen SatherBoston Bruins (PW)Terry O'Reilly4–0Wayne Gretzky (9:44, second)
1989Calgary Flames (CC)Terry CrispMontreal Canadiens (PW)Pat Burns4–2Doug Gilmour (11:02, third)
1990Edmonton Oilers (CC)John MucklerBoston Bruins (PW)Mike Milbury4–1Craig Simpson (9:31, second)
1991Pittsburgh Penguins (PW)Bob JohnsonMinnesota North Stars (CC)Bob Gainey4–2Ulf Samuelsson (2:00, first)
1992Pittsburgh Penguins (PW)Scotty BowmanChicago Blackhawks (CC)Mike Keenan4–0Ron Francis (7:59, third)
1993Montreal Canadiens (PW)Jacques DemersLos Angeles Kings (CC)Barry Melrose4–1Kirk Muller (3:51, second)
1994New York Rangers (EC)Mike KeenanVancouver Canucks (WC)Pat Quinn4–3Mark Messier (13:29, second)
1995New Jersey Devils (EC)Jacques LemaireDetroit Red Wings (WC)Scotty Bowman4–0Neal Broten (7:56, second)
1996Colorado Avalanche (WC)Marc CrawfordFlorida Panthers (EC)Doug MacLean4–0Uwe Krupp (4:31, third OT)
1997Detroit Red Wings (WC)Scotty BowmanPhiladelphia Flyers (EC)Terry Murray4–0Darren McCarty (13:02, second)
1998Detroit Red Wings (WC)Scotty BowmanWashington Capitals (EC)Ron Wilson4–0Martin Lapointe (2:26, second)
1999Dallas Stars (WC)Ken HitchcockBuffalo Sabres (EC)Lindy Ruff4–2Brett Hull (14:51, third OT)
2000New Jersey Devils (EC)Larry RobinsonDallas Stars (WC)Ken Hitchcock4–2Jason Arnott (8:20, second OT)
2001Colorado Avalanche (WC)Bob HartleyNew Jersey Devils (EC)Larry Robinson4–3Alex Tanguay (4:57, second)
2002Detroit Red Wings (WC)Scotty BowmanCarolina Hurricanes (EC)Paul Maurice4–1Brendan Shanahan (14:04, second)
2003New Jersey Devils (EC)Pat BurnsMighty Ducks of Anaheim (WC)Mike Babcock4–3Michael Rupp (2:22, second)
2004Tampa Bay Lightning (EC)John TortorellaCalgary Flames (WC)Darryl Sutter4–3Ruslan Fedotenko (14:38, second)
2005Season cancelled due to 2004–05 NHL lockout
2006Carolina Hurricanes (EC)Peter LavioletteEdmonton Oilers (WC)Craig MacTavish4–3Frantisek Kaberle (4:18, second)
2007Anaheim Ducks (WC)Randy CarlyleOttawa Senators (EC)Bryan Murray4–1Travis Moen (15:44, second)
2008Detroit Red Wings (WC)Mike BabcockPittsburgh Penguins (EC)Michel Therrien4–2Henrik Zetterberg (7:36, third)
2009Pittsburgh Penguins (EC)Dan BylsmaDetroit Red Wings (WC)Mike Babcock4–3Maxime Talbot (10:07, second)
2010Chicago Blackhawks (WC)Joel QuennevillePhiladelphia Flyers (EC)Peter Laviolette4–2Patrick Kane (4:06, OT)
2011Boston Bruins (EC)Claude JulienVancouver Canucks (WC)Alain Vigneault4–3Patrice Bergeron (14:37, first)
2012Los Angeles Kings (WC)Darryl SutterNew Jersey Devils (EC)Peter DeBoer4–2Jeff Carter (12:45, first)
2013Chicago Blackhawks (WC)Joel QuennevilleBoston Bruins (EC)Claude Julien4–2Dave Bolland (19:01, third)
2014Los Angeles Kings (WC)Darryl SutterNew York Rangers (EC)Alain Vigneault4–1Alec Martinez (14:43, second OT)
YearWinning teamCoachLosing teamCoachGamesWinning goal


Challenge Cup era (1893–1914)[edit]

Legend: SC = successful Stanley Cup challenge or defense of championship (win); UC = unsuccessful Stanley Cup challenge or defense of championship (loss); Years in bold denote a Stanley Cup win.

TeamSCUCTotalWin %Appearances
Ottawa HC172190.8951894, 1903 (2), 1904 (4), 1905 (3), 1906 (2), 1906, 1909, 1910 (2), 1911 (3)
Montreal Wanderers102120.8331904, 1906 (2), 1907, 1907, 1908 (5), 1910 (2)
Winnipeg Victorias65110.5451896 (2), 1896, 1899, 1900, 1901 (2), 1902 (2), 1902, 1903
Montreal Victorias6280.7501895, 1896, 1896, 1897 (2), 1898, 1899, 1903
Montreal Shamrocks5160.8331899 (2), 1900 (3), 1901
Montreal HC5051.0001893, 1894, 1895, 1902, 1903
Quebec Bulldogs4041.0001912 (2), 1913 (2)
Rat Portage/Kenora Thistles2350.4001903, 1905, 1907 (2), 1907
Toronto Blueshirts2021.0001914 (2)
Queen's University0330.0001895, 1899, 1906
Brandon Wheat Cities0220.0001904, 1907
Edmonton HC0220.0001908, 1910
Galt HC0220.0001910, 1911
Winnipeg Maple Leafs0220.0001901, 1908

The following 16 teams unsuccessfully challenged for a Stanley Cup only once: Berlin Dutchmen (1910), Dawson City Nuggets (1905), Halifax Crescents (1900), Moncton Victorias (1912), Montreal Canadiens (1914), New Glasgow Cubs (1906), Ottawa Capitals (1897), Ottawa Victorias (1908), Port Arthur Bearcats (1911), Smiths Falls (1906), Sydney Millionaires (1913), Toronto Marlboros (1904), Toronto Trolley Leaguers (1908), Toronto Wellingtons (1902), Victoria Aristocrats (1914), Winnipeg Rowing Club (1904).

Stanley Cup Finals era (Since 1915)[edit]

Active teams[edit]

Unless marked otherwise, teams played in the NHL exclusively at the time they competed for the Stanley Cup. A bolded year denotes a Stanley Cup win.

AppearancesTeamWinsLossesWin %Years of appearance (in Stanley Cup Finals)
34 [6]Montreal Canadiens249 [6].7061916, 1917, 1919,[6] 1924, 1925, 1930, 1931, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1989, 1993
24Detroit Red Wings1113.4581934, 1936, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2008, 2009
21Toronto Maple Leafs [1]138.6191918, 1922, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1967
19Boston Bruins613.3161927, 1929, 1930, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1958, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1988, 1990, 2011, 2013
12Chicago Blackhawks [2]57.4161931, 1934, 1938, 1944, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1992, 2010, 2013
11New York Rangers47.3631928, 1929, 1932, 1933, 1937, 1940, 1950, 1972, 1979, 1994, 2014
8Philadelphia Flyers26.2501974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1987, 1997, 2010
7Edmonton Oilers52.7141983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 2006
5New York Islanders41.8001980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984
5New Jersey Devils32.6001995, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2012
4Pittsburgh Penguins31.7501991, 1992, 2008, 2009
4Dallas Stars [3]13.2501981, 1991, 1999, 2000
3Los Angeles Kings21.6661993, 2012, 2014
3Calgary Flames12.3331986, 1989, 2004
3St. Louis Blues03.0001968, 1969, 1970
3Vancouver Canucks03.0001982, 1994, 2011
2Colorado Avalanche201.0001996, 2001
2Anaheim Ducks [4]11.5002003, 2007
2Carolina Hurricanes11.5002002, 2006
2Buffalo Sabres02.0001975, 1999
1Tampa Bay Lightning101.0002004
1Florida Panthers01.0001996
1Ottawa Senators [5]01.0002007
1Washington Capitals01.0001998

The following six active teams have never made an appearance: Columbus Blue Jackets (12 seasons), Minnesota Wild (12 seasons), Winnipeg Jets (2 seasons and 11 seasons as the Atlanta Thrashers), Nashville Predators (14 seasons), San Jose Sharks (21 seasons), Arizona Coyotes (16 seasons and 17 seasons as the former Winnipeg Jets).

Defunct teams[edit]

Listed after the team name is the name of the affiliated league(s) when the team competed for the Stanley Cup. A bolded year denotes a Stanley Cup win

AppearancesTeamWinsLossesWin %Years of Appearance
5Ottawa Senators (NHA/NHL)41.8001915, 1920, 1921, 1923, 1927
4Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA/WCHL)13.2501915, 1918, 1921, 1922
3Montreal Maroons (NHL)21.6671926, 1928, 1935
3 [6]Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA)11[6].5001917, 1919,[6] 1920
2Victoria Cougars (WCHL/WHL)11.5001925, 1926
1Portland Rosebuds (PCHA)01.0001916
1Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL)01.0001923
1Calgary Tigers (WCHL)01.0001924

^ 1. The Toronto Maple Leafs won the Cup in 1918 as the Toronto Hockey Club,[27] (later engraved on the Stanley Cup as the Toronto Arenas in 1947), and in 1922 as the Toronto St. Patricks.
^ 2. The Chicago Blackhawks were known as the Chicago Black Hawks prior to the 1986–87 season.
^ 3. The Dallas Stars totals include two losses as the Minnesota North Stars.
^ 4. The Anaheim Ducks totals include one loss as the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim.
^ 5. The modern Ottawa Senators (1992–present) are the namesake of the original Senators (1883–1934).
^ 6. The Montreal Canadiens and the Seattle Metropolitans appearance totals include the 1919 Stanley Cup Finals that ended with a no-decision because of the Spanish flu epidemic. It is not considered an official loss by either team.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Stanley Cup Fun Facts". Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  2. ^ Podnieks 2004, p. 20.
  3. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners: Quebec Bulldogs 1911–12". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  4. ^ Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 19
  5. ^ "Champions of the World". Winnipeg Tribune. February 15, 1896. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Winnipeg Men Win". Ottawa Journal. February 15, 1896. p. 7. 
  7. ^ "After the puck". The Globe and Mail. 1896-03-02. p. 06. 
  8. ^ "Victorias Always Win". The Globe and Mail. 1901-02-20. p. 10. 
  9. ^ "Championship Goes To Kenora Thistles". Winnipeg Tribune. February 19, 1907. p. 6. 
  10. ^ "Vics Lost First Stanley Cup Game to Wanderers". Ottawa Citizen. January 10, 1908. p. 8. 
  11. ^ Coleman 1964, p. 82.
  12. ^ "Stanley Cup Contest May Not Be for the Mug, After All is Said". Saskatoon Phoenix. 1914-03-18. p. 8. 
  13. ^ "A Tempest In a Teapot". Montreal Daily Mail. 1914-03-19. p. 9. 
  14. ^ "Stanley Cup Muddle Cleared Up". Toronto Globe and Mail. 1914-03-19. 
  15. ^ "Three Pro Leagues as to Stanley Cup". Toronto World. 1914-03-25. p. 8. 
  16. ^ a b c Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 20
  17. ^ a b Diamond, pg. 45
  18. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners: Seattle Metropolitans 1916–17". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2006-07-11. 
  19. ^ Podnieks 2004, p. 51.
  20. ^ Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pp. 20–21
  21. ^ a b Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 21
  22. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners: Victoria Cougars 1924–25". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2006-07-11. 
  23. ^ See Holzman2002. The Toronto NHL franchise (not using any nickname) was operated by the Toronto Arena Company, but only became a legal entity in the fall of 1918 as the Toronto Arena Hockey Club.
  24. ^ Diamond, Zweig and Duplacey, p. 40.
  25. ^ a b "Court:Non-NHL teams could vie for Cup". TSN. 2006-02-07. Archived from the original on 2007-12-16. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  26. ^ "Amateurs taking NHL to court to play for Cup". ESPN. 2005-04-13. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  27. ^ Holzman2002

External links[edit]