List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes

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Submarines in the Soviet Navy were developed by numbered "projects," which were sometimes but not always given names. During the Cold War, NATO nations referred to these classes by NATO reporting names, based on intelligence data, which did not always correspond perfectly with the projects. See:

The NATO reporting names were based on the British (and later American) habit of naming submarines with a letter of the alphabet indicating the class, followed by a serial number of that class. The names are the radiotelephonic alphabet call sign of a letter of the alphabet. For security purposes, the "pennant numbers" of Soviet submarines were not sequential, any more than those of Soviet surface vessels were.

Most Russian (and Soviet) submarines had no "personal" name, but were only known by a number, prefixed by letters identifying the boat's type at a higher level than her class. Those letters included:

Any of those prefixes could have С (S) added to the end, standing for специальная (spetsialnaya) and meaning "designed for special missions":

Contents

Diesel-electric

Russo-Japanese War

World War I Era

World War II Era

ProjectSeriesImageBuiltAssignment
Dekabrist class submarineSeries IShadowgraph Dekabrist class I series submarine mod.svg6large positional submarine
Leninets class submarineSeries II, IX, XIII, XIII-1938L-4 Garibaldiec 2.JPG25Mine layers
Shchuka class submarineSeries III, V, V-bis, V-bis-2, X, X-193886Medium-sized patrol submarines.
Pravda class submarineSerie IVShadowgraph Pravda class IV series submarine mod.svg3Squadron submarines.
Malyutka class submarineSeries VI, VI-bis, XII, XVShadowgraph Malyutka class VI series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Malyutka class VI-bis series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Malyutka class XII series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Malyutka class XV series submarine.svg
110Small submarines for coastal patrols.
Soviet S class submarineSeries IX,IX-bisShadowgraph S-56 submarine.svg41Medium submarines, built using German project (early version of Type IX).
K class submarine (Soviet)Serie XIVShadowgraph Kreiserskaya class submarine.svg11Cruiser submarines with combined arms.

Post War era

Attack submarines

ProjectNATO reporting nameSilhouette/ImageBuiltAssignment
611, AB611Zulu classZulu class SS.svg26Large oceanic submarines
613Whiskey classWhiskey class SS.svg215Medium multi-purpose submarines
615Quebec classQuebec class SS.svg30Small submarines with full-diesel propulsion
633Romeo classRomeo class SS.svg20Medium submarines
641Foxtrot classFoxtrot class SS.svg75Large oceanic submarines
641Б Cом (Som, catfish)Tango classTango class SS.svg18Large oceanic submarines
690 Кефаль (Kefal, mullet)Bravo classTarget submarine for torpedo exercises
877, 877Э, 877ЭКМ, 877В, 877ЛПМБ, 877ЭК Paltus (turbot)Kilo classKilo class SS.svg24Large submarines
636, 636М (Varshavyanka)Improved Kilo classImproved Kilo class SS.svg31Large submarines
677 Лада (Lada, harmony)Lada class S.Peterburg.svg1Large submarines
1650 Амур (the Amur River)Amur 1650.jpg0Modification of Lada class for export
865 Пиранья (Piran'ya, piranha)Losos class (Salmon)2Midget submarines

Guided missile submarines

ProjectNATO reporting name
P613Whiskey Single Cylinder
644Whiskey Twin Cylinder
665Whiskey Long Bin
651Juliett

Ballistic missile submarines

ProjectNATO reporting name
629, 609, 601, 605, 619; in service: 1958–1990Golf

Auxiliary submarines

ProjectNATO reporting name
940 Ленок (Lenok, salmon)India
1710 Макрель (Makrel', mackerel)Beluga
1840Lima
See also "Project 20120" below.

Nuclear-powered

Attack submarines

First generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
627 Кит, 645 Кит-ЖМТ (Kit, whale)November

Second generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
671, 671B, 671K, 671R Ёрш (Yorsh, ruffe)Victor I
671RTVictor II
671RTM Щука (Shchuka, pike)Victor III

Third generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
705, 705K Лира (Lira, the constellation)Alfa
945 Барракуда (Barrakuda, barracuda)Sierra I
945A Кондор (Kondor, condor)Sierra II
685 Плавник (Plavnik, fin)Mike

Fourth generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
971 Shchuka-B (pike)Akula

Guided missile submarines

First generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
659Echo I
675Echo II

Second generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
661 Анчар (Anchar, upas)Papa
667AT Груша (Grusha, pear)Yankee Notch
667M Андромеда (Andromeda, the constellation)Yankee Sidecar
670 Скат (Skat, ray)Charlie I
670M Скат-М (Skat-M, ray)Charlie II
06704 Чайка-Б (Chaika-B, seagull)Charlie

Third generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
949 Гранит (Granit, granite)Oscar I
949A Антей (Antey, Antaeus)Oscar II

Fourth generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
885 Ясень (Yasen, ash)Severodvinsk

Ballistic missile submarines

First generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
658, 701Hotel

Second generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
667A Навага, 667AУ Налим (Navaga; Nalim, burbot)Yankee I
667AM Навага-М (Navaga-M)Yankee II
Delta class, comprising:
667Б Мурена (Murena, eel)Delta I
667БД Мурена-М (Murena-M, eel)Delta II
667БДР Кальмар (Kal'mar, squid)Delta III
667БДРМ Дельфин (Del'fin, dolphin)Delta IV

Third generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
941 Акула; (Akula, shark)Typhoon

Fourth generation

ProjectNATO reporting name
955 Борей (Borei);in developmentBorei

Auxiliary submarines

ProjectNATO reporting name
1910 Кашалот (Kashalot, cachalot)Uniform
977.4 Аксон (Akson)Yankee Pod
978Yankee Stretch
20120 (Kalitika or "Sargan-mod"?); in development? Unconfirmed.[3]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Showell, p. 22, 23, 29
  2. ^ Showell, p. 29
  3. ^ It is not resolved whether this is a diesel-electric or a nuclear-powered vessel. See Kommersant, 2007-SEP-12: Submarine: Military Secret Shows Up on the Internet. Retrieved 2007-SEP-12.

External links

See also