List of Secretaries of State of the United States

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United States
Secretary of State
Department of state.svg
Official Seal
John Kerry official Secretary of State portrait.jpg
Incumbent
John F. Kerry

since February 1, 2013
United States Department of State
AppointerPresident of United States
Inaugural holderThomas Jefferson
FormationJuly 27, 1789
SuccessionFourth
Websitewww.state.gov
 
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United States
Secretary of State
Department of state.svg
Official Seal
John Kerry official Secretary of State portrait.jpg
Incumbent
John F. Kerry

since February 1, 2013
United States Department of State
AppointerPresident of United States
Inaugural holderThomas Jefferson
FormationJuly 27, 1789
SuccessionFourth
Websitewww.state.gov

List of Secretaries of State[edit]

Parties
  Whig
Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of State
No.PortraitNameState of ResidenceTook OfficeLeft OfficePresident(s)
-John JayJohn Jay[A]
as United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs
New YorkSeptember 26, 1789March 22, 1790George Washington
1Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson[M]VirginiaMarch 22, 1790December 31, 1793
2Edmund RandolphEdmund J. RandolphVirginiaJanuary 2, 1794August 20, 1795
3Timothy PickeringTimothy PickeringMassachusettsAugust 20, 1795December 10, 1795[B]
December 10, 1795March 4, 1797
March 4, 1797May 12, 1800John Adams
-Charles Lee, AG.gifCharles Lee[C]
(acting)
VirginiaMay 13, 1800June 5, 1800
4John MarshallJohn MarshallVirginiaJune 13, 1800March 4, 1801
-Levi Lincoln Sr. by William Sullivan.jpgLevi Lincoln, Sr.[C]
(acting)
MassachusettsMarch 5, 1801May 1, 1801Thomas Jefferson
5James MadisonJames Madison[M]VirginiaMay 2, 1801March 3, 1809
6Robert SmithRobert SmithMarylandMarch 6, 1809April 1, 1811James Madison
7James MonroeJames Monroe[M]VirginiaApril 2, 1811September 30, 1814
September 30, 1814February 28, 1815[B]
February 28, 1815March 3, 1817
-John Graham
(acting)
KentuckyMarch 4, 1817March 9, 1817James Monroe
-Richard Rush engraving.pngRichard Rush[C]
(acting)
PennsylvaniaMarch 10, 1817September 22, 1817
8John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams[M]MassachusettsMarch 5, 1817March 3, 1825
-Daniel Brent
(acting)
March 4, 1825March 7, 1825John Quincy Adams
9Henry ClayHenry ClayKentuckyMarch 7, 1825March 3, 1829
-James A. Hamilton
(acting)
New YorkMarch 4, 1829March 27, 1829Andrew Jackson
10Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren[M]New YorkMarch 28, 1829May 23, 1831
11Edward LivingstonEdward LivingstonLouisianaMay 24, 1831May 29, 1833
12Louis McLaneLouis McLaneDelawareMay 29, 1833June 30, 1834
13John ForsythJohn ForsythGeorgiaJuly 1, 1834March 4, 1837
March 4, 1837March 3, 1841Martin Van Buren
-Jacob L. Martin
(acting)
March 4, 1841March 5, 1841William Harrison
14Daniel WebsterDaniel WebsterMassachusettsMarch 6, 1841April 4, 1841
April 8, 1841May 8, 1843John Tyler
-Hugh S. Legaré.jpgHugh S. Legaré
(acting)
South CarolinaMay 9, 1843June 20, 1843
-William S. Derrick
(acting)
June 21, 1843June 23, 1843
15Abel P. UpshurAbel P. UpshurVirginiaJune 24, 1843July 23, 1843[D]
July 24, 1843February 28, 1844
-John NelsonJohn Nelson[C]
(acting)
MarylandFebruary 29, 1844March 31, 1844
16John C. CalhounJohn C. CalhounSouth CarolinaApril 1, 1844March 10, 1845[E]
17James BuchananJames Buchanan[M]PennsylvaniaMarch 10, 1845March 7, 1849[E]James K. Polk[E]
18John M. ClaytonJohn M. ClaytonDelawareMarch 8, 1849July 9, 1850Zachary Taylor
July 9, 1850July 22, 1850Millard Fillmore
19Daniel WebsterDaniel WebsterMassachusettsJuly 23, 1850October 24, 1852
-Charles Magill Conrad.jpgCharles M. Conrad[B]
(acting)
LouisianaOctober 25, 1852November 5, 1852
20Edward EverettEdward EverettMassachusettsNovember 6, 1852March 3, 1853
-William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpgWilliam Hunter[F]
(acting)
Rhode IslandMarch 4, 1853March 7, 1853Franklin Pierce
21William L. MarcyWilliam L. MarcyNew YorkMarch 7, 1853March 6, 1857[E]
22Lewis CassLewis CassMichiganMarch 6, 1857December 14, 1860James Buchanan
-William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpgWilliam Hunter
(acting)
Rhode IslandDecember 15, 1860December 16, 1860
23Jermiah S. BlackJeremiah S. BlackPennsylvaniaDecember 17, 1860March 5, 1861[E]
24William M. SewardWilliam H. SewardNew YorkMarch 5, 1861April 15, 1865Abraham Lincoln
April 15, 1865March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
25Elihu B. WashburneElihu B. WashburneIllinoisMarch 5, 1869March 16, 1869Ulysses S. Grant
26Hamilton FishHamilton FishNew YorkMarch 17, 1869March 12, 1877[E]
27William M. EvartsWilliam M. EvartsNew YorkMarch 12, 1877March 7, 1881Rutherford B. Hayes[E]
28James G. BlaineJames G. BlaineMaineMarch 7, 1881September 19, 1881James A. Garfield
September 19, 1881December 19, 1881Chester A. Arthur
29Frederick T. FrelinghuysenFrederick T. FrelinghuysenNew JerseyDecember 19, 1881March 6, 1885[E]
30Thomas F. BayardThomas F. Bayard, Sr.DelawareMarch 7, 1885March 6, 1889Grover Cleveland[E]
31James G. BlaineJames G. BlaineMaineMarch 7, 1889June 4, 1892Benjamin Harrison
-William F. Wharton.jpgWilliam F. Wharton[G]
(acting)
MassachusettsJune 4, 1892June 29, 1892
32John W. FosterJohn W. FosterIndianaJune 29, 1892February 23, 1893
-William F. Wharton.jpgWilliam F. Wharton[G]
(acting)
MassachusettsFebruary 24, 1893March 6, 1893
Grover Cleveland
33Walter Q. GreshamWalter Q. GreshamIllinoisMarch 7, 1893May 28, 1895
-Edwin F. Uhl[G]
(acting)
MichiganMay 28, 1895June 9, 1895
34Richard OlneyRichard OlneyMassachusettsJune 10, 1895March 5, 1897[E]
35John ShermanJohn ShermanOhioMarch 6, 1897April 27, 1898William McKinley
36William R. DayWilliam R. DayOhioApril 28, 1898September 16, 1898
-AAAoftheState.jpgAlvey A. Adee[H]
(acting)
New YorkSeptember 17, 1898September 29, 1898
37John HayJohn M. HayDistrict of ColumbiaSeptember 30, 1898September 14, 1901
September 14, 1901July 1, 1905Theodore Roosevelt
-Francis B. Loomis (sketch).gifFrancis B. Loomis[G]
(acting)
OhioJuly 1, 1905July 18, 1905
38Elihu RootElihu RootNew YorkJuly 19, 1905January 27, 1909
39Robert BaconRobert BaconNew YorkJanuary 27, 1909March 5, 1909[E]
40Philander C. KnoxPhilander C. KnoxPennsylvaniaMarch 6, 1909March 5, 1913William Howard Taft[E]
41William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings BryanNebraskaMarch 5, 1913June 9, 1915Woodrow Wilson
42Robert LansingRobert LansingNew YorkJune 9, 1915June 23, 1915
June 24, 1915February 13, 1920
-Frank PolkFrank Polk[I]
(acting)
New YorkFebruary 14, 1920March 12, 1920
43Bainbridge ColbyBainbridge ColbyNew YorkMarch 23, 1920March 4, 1921
44Charles Evans HughesCharles Evans HughesNew YorkMarch 5, 1921August 2, 1923Warren G. Harding
August 2, 1923March 4, 1925Calvin Coolidge
45Frank B. KelloggFrank B. KelloggMinnesotaMarch 5, 1925March 4, 1929
March 4, 1929March 28, 1929Herbert Hoover
46Henry L. StimsonHenry L. StimsonNew YorkMarch 28, 1929March 4, 1933
47Cordell HullCordell HullTennesseeMarch 4, 1933November 30, 1944Franklin D. Roosevelt
48Edward R. Stettinius, Jr.Edward R. Stettinius, Jr.VirginiaDecember 1, 1944April 12, 1945
April 12, 1945June 27, 1945Harry S. Truman
-Ambassador Grew.jpgJoseph Grew[I]
(acting)
New HampshireJune 28, 1945July 3, 1945
49James F. ByrnesJames F. ByrnesSouth CarolinaJuly 3, 1945January 21, 1947
50George C. MarshallGeorge C. MarshallPennsylvaniaJanuary 21, 1947January 20, 1949
51Dean G. AchesonDean G. AchesonConnecticutJanuary 21, 1949January 20, 1953
-Harrison F. Matthews[J]
(acting)
MarylandJanuary 20, 1953January 21, 1953Dwight D. Eisenhower
52John Foster DullesJohn Foster DullesNew YorkJanuary 21, 1953April 22, 1959
53Christian A. HerterChristian A. HerterMassachusettsApril 22, 1959January 20, 1961
-Livingston T. Merchant.jpgLivingston T. Merchant
(acting)
District of ColumbiaJanuary 20, 1961January 21, 1961John F. Kennedy
54Dean RuskDean RuskNew YorkJanuary 21, 1961November 22, 1963
November 22, 1963January 20, 1969Lyndon B. Johnson
-Charles Bohlen.pngCharles E. Bohlen
(acting)
Washington, DCJanuary 20, 1969January 22, 1969Richard Nixon
55William P. RogersWilliam P. RogersMarylandJanuary 22, 1969September 3, 1973
-Kenneth-Rush-1977.jpgKenneth Rush
(acting)
FloridaSeptember 3, 1973September 22, 1973
56Henry A. KissingerHenry A. KissingerDistrict of ColumbiaSeptember 22, 1973August 9, 1974
August 9, 1974January 20, 1977Gerald Ford
-Philiphabib.jpgPhilip Habib
(acting)
CaliforniaJanuary 20, 1977January 23, 1977Jimmy Carter
57Cyrus R. VanceCyrus R. VanceNew YorkJanuary 23, 1977April 28, 1980
-Image-Warren Christopher.jpgWarren Christopher[K][1]
(acting)
CaliforniaApril 28, 1980May 2, 1980
-David D. Newsom[L][1]
(acting)
May 2, 1980May 3, 1980
-Richard N. Cooper[N][1]
(acting)
May 3, 1980
-David D. Newsom[L][1]
(acting)
May 3, 1980May 4, 1980
-Image-Warren Christopher.jpgWarren Christopher[K][1]
(acting)
CaliforniaMay 4, 1980May 8, 1980
58Edmund S. MuskieEdmund S. MuskieMaineMay 8, 1980January 20, 1981
59Alexander M. Haig, Jr.Alexander M. Haig, Jr.ConnecticutJanuary 22, 1981July 5, 1982Ronald Reagan
-Walter John StoesselWalter J. Stoessel[K]
(acting)
CaliforniaJuly 5, 1982July 16, 1982
60George P. ShultzGeorge P. ShultzCaliforniaJuly 16, 1982January 20, 1989
-Michael Armacost[L]
(acting)
MarylandJanuary 20, 1989January 25, 1989George H. W. Bush
61James A. BakerJames A. BakerTexasJanuary 25, 1989August 23, 1992
62Lawrence S. EagleburgerLawrence S. EagleburgerFloridaAugust 23, 1992December 8, 1992[K]
December 8, 1992January 20, 1993
-Arnold Kanter[L][2]
(acting)
VirginiaJanuary 20, 1993Bill Clinton
-Frank G. Wisner as Ambassador.pngFrank G. Wisner[O][2]
(acting)
January 20, 1993
63Warren M. ChristopherWarren M. ChristopherCaliforniaJanuary 20, 1993January 17, 1997
64Madeleine AlbrightMadeleine AlbrightDistrict of ColumbiaJanuary 23, 1997January 20, 2001
65Colin L. PowellColin L. PowellNew YorkJanuary 20, 2001January 26, 2005George W. Bush
66Condoleezza RiceCondoleezza RiceCaliforniaJanuary 26, 2005January 20, 2009
-AmbassadorBurns.jpgWilliam Joseph Burns
(acting)
District of ColumbiaJanuary 20, 2009January 21, 2009Barack Obama
67Hillary ClintonHillary ClintonNew YorkJanuary 21, 2009February 1, 2013
68John F. KerryJohn F. KerryMassachusettsFebruary 1, 2013Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of State[edit]

As of July 2014, there are seven living former Secretaries of State. The most recent Secretary of State to pass away was Lawrence Eagleburger (1992–1993), on June 4, 2011.

NameTerm of officeDate of birth
Henry A. Kissinger1973–1977(1923-05-27) May 27, 1923 (age 91)
George P. Shultz1982–1989(1920-12-13) December 13, 1920 (age 93)
James A. Baker1989–1992(1930-04-28) April 28, 1930 (age 84)
Madeleine Albright1997–2001(1937-05-15) May 15, 1937 (age 77)
Colin L. Powell2001–2005(1937-04-05) April 5, 1937 (age 77)
Condoleezza Rice2005–2009(1954-11-14) November 14, 1954 (age 59)
Hillary Clinton2009–2013(1947-10-26) October 26, 1947 (age 66)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]