List of Schedule I drugs (US)

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This is the list of Schedule I drugs as defined by the United States Controlled Substances Act.[1] The following findings are required for drugs to be placed in this schedule:[2]

  1. The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
  2. The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
  3. There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.

Except as specifically authorized, it is illegal for any person:

  1. to manufacture, distribute, or dispense, or possess with intent to manufacture, distribute, or dispense, a controlled substance; or
  2. to create, distribute, or dispense, or possess with intent to distribute or dispense, a counterfeit substance.[3]

The complete list of Schedule I drugs follows.[1] The Administrative Controlled Substances Code Number for each drug is included.

Opioids[edit]

ACSCNDrug
9815Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(1-methyl-2-phenethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylacetamide)
9601Acetylmethadol
9602Allylprodine
9603Alphacetylmethadol (except levo-alphacetylmethadol also known as levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate, or LAAM)
9604Alphameprodine
9605Alphamethadol
9814Alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(alpha-methyl-beta-phenyl)ethyl-4-piperidyl] propionanilide; 1-(1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)-4-(N-propanilido) piperidine)
9832Alpha-methylthiofentanyl (N-[1-methyl-2-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4- piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide)
9606Benzethidine
9607Betacetylmethadol
9830Beta-hydroxyfentanyl (N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenethyl)-4- piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide)
9831Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl (other name: N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2- phenethyl)-3-methyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide
9608Betameprodine
9609Betamethadol
9611Betaprodine
9612Clonitazene
9613Dextromoramide
9615Diampromide
9616Diethylthiambutene
9168Difenoxin
9617Dimenoxadol
9618Dimepheptanol
9619Dimethylthiambutene
9621Dioxaphetyl butyrate
9622Dipipanone
9623Ethylmethylthiambutene
9624Etonitazene
9625Etoxeridine
9626Furethidine
9627Hydroxypethidine
9628Ketobemidone
9629Levomoramide
9631Levophenacylmorphan
98133-Methylfentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide)
98333-methylthiofentanyl (N-[(3-methyl-1-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide)
9632Morpheridine
9661MPPP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine)
9633Noracymethadol
9634Norlevorphanol
9635Normethadone
9636Norpipanone
9812Para-fluorofentanyl (N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-[1-(2-phenethyl)-4-piperidinyl] propanamide
9663PEPAP (1-(-2-phenethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine
9637Phenadoxone
9638Phenampromide
9647Phenomorphan
9641Phenoperidine
9642Piritramide
9643Proheptazine
9644Properidine
9649Propiram
9645Racemoramide
9835Thiofentanyl (N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4-piperidinyl]-propanamide
9750Tilidine
9646Trimeperidine

Opium derivatives[edit]

Heroin powder
ACSCNDrug
9319Acetorphine
9051Acetyldihydrocodeine
9052Benzylmorphine
9070Codeine methylbromide
9053Codeine-N-Oxide
9054Cyprenorphine
9055Desomorphine
9145Dihydromorphine
9335Drotebanol
9056Etorphine (except hydrochloride salt)
9200Heroin (diacetylmorphine)
9301Hydromorphinol
9302Methyldesorphine
9304Methyldihydromorphine
9305Morphine methylbromide
9306Morphine methylsulfonate
9307Morphine-N-Oxide
9308Myrophine
9309Nicocodeine
9312Nicomorphine
9313Normorphine
9314Pholcodine
9315Thebacon

Hallucinogenic or psychedelic substances[edit]

ACSCNDrug
7249Alpha-Ethyltryptamine (αET)
73914-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-amphetamine (DOB)
73924-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B)
73962,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOA)
73992,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOE)
73482,5-dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylthiophenethylamine (2C-T-7), its optical isomers, salts and salts of isomers
74114-methoxyamphetamine (PMA)
74015-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MMDA)
73954-methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM; STP)
74003,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA)
74053,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)
74043,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA; MDE)
7402N-hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (N-hydroxy MDA)
73903,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (TMA)
74315-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-methoxy-3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]indole; 5-MeO-DMT)
7432Alpha-methyltryptamine (αMT)
7433Bufotenine
7434Diethyltryptamine (DET)
7435Dimethyltryptamine(DMT)
74395-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT), its isomers, salts and salts of isomers
7260Ibogaine
7315Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
7360Cannabis
7381Mescaline
7374Parahexyl
7415Peyote
7482N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate
7484N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate
7437Psilocybin
7438Psilocin
7370Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
7455Ethylamine analog of phencyclidine (Eticyclidine; PCE)
7458Pyrrolidine analog of phencyclidine (PCPy)
7470Thiophene analog of phencyclidine (TCP)
74731-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]pyrrolidine (TCPy)
12484-methylmethcathinone (Mephedrone)
75353,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)
75092-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E)
75082-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D)
75192-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C)
75182-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I)
73852-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2)
75322-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4)
75172-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H)
75212-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N)
75242-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P)
75403,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (Methylone)
75604-iodo-2,5-dimethoxy-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine (25I-NBOMe)

Depressants[edit]

ACSCNDrug
2010gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB; sodium oxybate; sodium oxybutyrate)
2572Mecloqualone
2565Methaqualone

Stimulant[edit]

Products containing BZP.
ACSCNDrug
1585Aminorex (aminoxaphen; 2-amino-5-phenyl-2- oxazoline; or 4,5-dihydro-5-phenly-2-oxazolamine)
7493N-benzylpiperazine (some other names: BZP; 1-benzylpiperazine), its optical isomers, salts and salts of isomers
1235Cathinone
1503Fenethylline
1237Methcathinone (Some other names: 2-(methylamino)-propiophenone; alpha-(methylamino)propiophenone; 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-one; alpha-N-methylaminopropiophenone; monomethylpropion; ephedrone; N-methylcathinone; methylcathinone; AL-464; AL-422; AL-463 and UR1432), its salts, optical isomers and salts of optical isomers
1590(+/-)cis-4-methylaminorex
1475N-ethylamphetamine
1480N,N-dimethylamphetamine (also known as N,N-alpha-trimethyl-benzeneethanamine; N,N-alpha-trimethylphenethylamine)

Cannabimimetic agents[edit]

ACSCNDrug
72975-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP-47,497)
72985-(1,1-dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47,497 C8-homolog)
71181-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM678)
71731-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073)
70191-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019)
72001-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200)
62501-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250)
70811-pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081)
71221-pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122)
73981-pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398)
72011-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201)
76941-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694)
71041-pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19 and RCS-4)
70081-cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole 7008 (SR-18 and RCS-8)
72031-pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203)

Temporary/emergency listings[edit]

These items are listed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services pursuant to 21 CFR 1308.49.[4][5]

ACSCNDrug
7144(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone, its optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts and salts of isomers (UR-144, 1-pentyl-3-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropoyl)indole)
7011[1-(5-fluoro-pentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone, its optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts and salts of isomers (5-fluoro-UR-144, 5-F-UR-144, XLR-11, 1-(5-fluoro-pentyl)-3-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropoyl)indole)
7048N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide, its optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts and salts of isomers (APINACA, AKB-48)
7222Quinolin-8-yl 1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (QUPIC, PB-22)[6]
7225Quinolin-8-yl 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (5-fluoro-PB-22; 5F-PB-22)[6]
7012N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA)[6]
7035N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-PINACA)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 21 CFR 1308.11 (CSA Sched I) with changes through 77 F.R. 64032 (Oct 18, 2012). Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  2. ^ 21 U.S.C. § 812(b)(1) United States Code via Cornell University's Legal Information Institute. Retrieved on 2007-10-02.
  3. ^ Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) (22 Jan 2002). "Title 21 — Food and Drugs Chapter 13 - Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Subchapter I — Control and Enforcement Part D — Offenses and Penalties: Sec. 841. Prohibited Acts A(a)". Retrieved 23 Oct 2009. 
  4. ^ Code of Federal Regulations, 2012-04-01
  5. ^ The first 8 items in the temporary section of the schedule shown on the DEA website are not included here because they are duplicates of entries in the tables above. Presumably, this is because they were made permanent and copied there at some point, but inadvertently not deleted from this temporary listing section.
  6. ^ a b c d "Schedules of controlled substances: temporary placement of four synthetic cannabinoids into Schedule I. Final order". Fed Regist. 79 (27): 7577–7582. Feb 10, 2014. PMID 24605391.