List of Romantic-era composers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
Lists of classical music
composers by era
Medieval(476–1400)
Renaissance(1400–1600)
Baroque(1600–1760)
Classical era(1730–1820)
Romantic era(1815–1910)
20th century(1900–2000)
21st century(since 2000)

This is a list of Romantic-era composers. Note that this list is purely chronological, and also includes a substantial number of composers, especially those born after 1860, whose works cannot be conveniently classified as "Romantic".

Classical-era/Romantic-era composers (born 1770–99)[edit]

NameDate bornDate diedNationalityComments
Ludwig van Beethoven17701827German composer and pianist, regarded by many as the first Romantic-era composer, best known for Symphony No. 5 and Für Elise among others
Ferdinando Carulli17701841Italiancomposer for the guitar, wrote concertos and chamber music
Édouard Du Puy17701822Swiss composer, singer, director and violinist
Peter Hänsel17701831German-Austriancomposer and violinist
James Hewitt17701827Americancomposer, conductor and music publisher
Anton Reicha17701836Czech-born French composer who experimented with irregular time signatures in his keyboard fugues, composed a large number of significant works for wind quintet
Christian Heinrich Rinck17701846Germancomposer and organist
Jan August Vitásek17701839Bohemiancomposer
Adam Valentin Volckmar17701851Germancomposer
Friedrich Witt17701836Germancomposer and cellist
Johann Baptist Cramer17711858Englishmusician of German origin
Ferdinando Paer17711839Italiancomposer
Maria Frances Parke17721822Englishcomposer, pianist and soprano
François-Louis Perne17721832Frenchcomposer and musicographer
Josef Triebensee17721846Bohemiancomposer and oboist
Johann Wilhelm Wilms17721847Dutch-Germancomposer, best known for writing Wien Neêrlands Bloed, which served as the Dutch national anthem from 1815 to 1932
Sophie Bawr17731860Frenchcomposer, writer and playwright
Pietro Generali17731832Italiancomposer of operas and vocal music
Wenzel Thomas Matiegka17731830Bohemiancomposer
Bartolomeo Bortolazzi17731820Italianmandolin and guitar virtuoso and composer
Pierre Rode17741830Frenchcomposer and violinist
Gaspare Spontini17741851Italianopera composer and conductor
Václav Tomášek17741850Czech composer and music teacher
Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse17741842Danishcomposer in the Danish Golden Age
Johann Anton André17751842Germancomposer and music publisher
François-Adrien Boieldieu17751834French composer
João Domingos Bomtempo17751842Portuguesecomposer, pianist and pedagogue
Bernhard Crusell17751838Finnishcomposer and clarinet player
Sophia Dussek17751847Scottishcomposer of Italian descent, singer, pianist and harpist
François de Fossa17751849Frenchcomposer and guitarist
Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann17761822Germancomposer, author of fantasy and horror, jurist, music critic, draftsman and caricaturist
Joseph Küffner17761856Germancomposer and musician
Philipp Jakob Riotte17761856Germancomposer
Ignaz von Seyfried17761841Austriancomposer, musician and conductor
Ludwig Berger17771839Germancomposer, pianist and piano teacher
Pauline Duchambge17781858Frenchcomposer and pianist
Johann Nepomuk Hummel17781837Austrian composer and pianist, his music bridged the Classical era of music and Romantic era of music
Sigismund von Neukomm17781858Austriancomposer and pianist
Fernando Sor17781839Spanishcomposer for the classical guitar who is credited with elevating the guitar to the level of concert instrument
William Knyvett17791856Britishcomposer and singer
Louise Reichardt17791826Germancomposer and songwriter
Luigi Antonio Calegari17801849Italianopera composer
Conradin Kreutzer17801849Germancomposer and conductor
Louis François Dauprat17811868Frenchcomposer, horn player and music professor at the Conservatoire de Paris
Anton Diabelli17811858Austriancomposer, music publisher and editor
Mauro Giuliani17811828Italian composer and virtuoso guitarist
Anthony Philip Heinrich17811861Americancomposer
Sophie Lebrun17811863Germancomposer and pianist
François Joseph Naderman17811835Frenchcomposer, harpist and teacher
Daniel Auber17821871Frenchopera composer, noted for La muette de Portici
Carlo Coccia17821873Italianopera composer
John Field17821837Irish composer and pianist, notable for cultivating the nocturne
Niccolò Paganini17821840Italian composer and virtuoso violinist, wrote the 24 Caprices for violin, five concerti for violin, string quartets and works for violin and guitar
Charlotta Seuerling17821828Swedishcomposer, concert singer, harpsichordist and poet
Friedrich Dotzauer17831860Germancomposer and cellist
Teresa Belloc-Giorgi17841855Italiancomposer and contralto
Martin-Joseph Mengal17841851Belgiancomposer and instructor
Francesco Morlacchi17841841Italiancomposer
George Onslow17841853Anglo-Frenchcomposer
Ferdinand Ries17841838German composer, friend and pupil of Ludwig van Beethoven
Louis Spohr17841859German composer, violinist and conductor, renowned for chamber music and compositions for violin and harp
Alexandre Pierre François Boëly17851858Frenchcomposer, organist and pianist
Bettina von Arnim17851859Germancomposer, writer and novelist
Catherina Cibbini-Kozeluch17851858Austriancomposer of Bohemian ancestry and pianist
Isabella Colbran17851845Spanishcomposer and opera singer
Karol Kurpiński17851857Polishcomposer, conductor and pedagogue
Marie Bigot17851820Frenchcomposer and piano teacher
Henry Bishop17861855Englishcomposer
Friedrich Kuhlau17861832German-Danishcomposer
Pietro Raimondi17861853Italiancomposer
Carl Maria von Weber17861826German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant Romantic opera composers
Alexander Alyabyev17871851Russiancomposer, conductor and pianist
Michele Carafa17871872Italianopera composer
Johann Peter Pixis17881874Germancomposer and pianist
Simon Sechter17881867Austrianprolific composer, renowned music theorist, teacher, organist and conductor
Elena Asachi17891877Romaniancomposer of Austrian birth, pianist and singer
Nicolas Bochsa17891856Frenchcomposer and musician
Frederic Ernest Fesca17891826Germancomposer of instrumental music and violinist
Maria Agata Szymanowska17891831Polishcomposer and virtuoso pianist
Harriet Browne17901858Englishcomposer and writer
Carl Czerny17911857Austrian composer, teacher and pianist
Ferdinand Hérold17911833French operatic composer
Giacomo Meyerbeer17911864German composer for grand opera (Il crociato in Egitto, Les Huguenots, L'Africaine)
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart17911844Austrian composer, pianist, conductor and teacher
Carlo Evasio Soliva17911853Swiss-Italiancomposer
Jan Václav Voříšek17911825Bohemiancomposer, pianist and organist
Gioachino Rossini17921868Italian prolific opera composer, best known for The Barber of Seville
Hedda Wrangel17921833Swedishcomposer
Gertrude van den Bergh17931840Dutchcomposer and pianist
Bernhard Klein17931832Germancomposer
Caroline Ridderstolpe17931878Swedishcomposer and singer
Princess Amalie of Saxony17941870Germancomposer
Ignaz Moscheles17941870Czech composer and piano virtuoso, head of the Leipzig Conservatory after Felix Mendelssohn
Saverio Mercadante17951870Italiancomposer
Nikolaos Mantzaros17951872Greekcomposer
Franz Berwald17961868Swedishcomposer, little known in his lifetime, but his works, including his four symphonies are better known today
Helene Liebmann17961835Germancomposer and pianist
Carl Loewe17961869German composer, baritone singer and conductor
Mathilda d'Orozco17961863Swedishcomposer, noble, salonist, poet, writer, singer, amateur actress and harpsichordist
Giovanni Pacini17961867Italiancomposer
Emilie Zumsteeg17961857Germancomposer, pianist, songwriter and choir conductor
Luigi Castellacci17971845Italianvirtuoso on the mandolin and guitar, instrumental composer and author of popular French romances with guitar and piano accompaniments
Gaetano Donizetti17971848Italian opera composer, known for Lucia di Lammermoor and L'elisir d'amore among others
Franz Schubert17971828Austrian composer, best known for his more than 600 lieder, chamber music, piano works and symphonies.
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff17971848Germancomposer and writer
Antonio Rolla17981837Italiancomposer and violin and viola virtuoso
Olivia Buckley17991847Englishcomposer, harpist and organist
Maria Frederica von Stedingk17991868Swedishcomposer and courtier
Fromental Halévy17991862French composer

Repertoire key: B=In Classical Net's basic Timeline of Major Composers 1600–present[1]

Early Romantic-era composers (born 1800–19)[edit]

NameDate bornDate diedNationalityComments
Vincenzo Bellini18011835Italian opera composer, known for I Puritani, Norma and La sonnambula among others
Jean-Baptiste Duvernoy18021880Frenchcomposer and pianist
Amédée Méreaux18021874Frenchcomposer, his works are somewhat known for their immense difficulties
Cesare Pugni18021870Italianprolific composer of ballet music
Eliza Flower18031846Englishcomposer
Adolphe Adam18031856French composer, best known for his ballet score Giselle
Hector Berlioz18031869French composer, famous for his programmatic symphony Symphonie Fantastique
Henri Herz18031888Austriancomposer and pianist
Franz Lachner18031890Germancomposer and conductor, brother of Ignaz Lachner
Louise Farrenc18041875Frenchcomposer of three symphonies and many chamber works including the earliest known sextet for piano and wind quintet (1852)
Mikhail Glinka18041857Russian nationalist composer whose works include the opera A Life for the Tsar
Johann Strauss I18041849Austrian dance music composer, famous for Radetzky March
Fanny Mendelssohn18051847Germancomposer and pianist, sister of Felix Mendelssohn, mainly known for her vocal compositions and chamber music
Leopold von Zenetti18051892Austriancomposer, mainly known for being one of Anton Bruckner's masters
Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga18061826Spanishcomposer who died at nineteen and by which time he had already been nicknamed the "Spanish Mozart" for his Symphony in D and three string quartets
Johann Kaspar Mertz18061856Hungariancomposer, known for his guitar pieces.
Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller18061874Germancomposer and pianist, brother of Norbert Burgmüller
Ignaz Lachner18071895Germanconductor, composer and organist, a prolific composer, notable for his chamber music such as his string quartets and trios
Michael William Balfe18081870Irishconductor and composer, remembered for his opera The Bohemian Girl
Sebastián Iradier18091865Spanishcomposer, best known for La Paloma
Felix Mendelssohn18091847German conductor, music-director, composer and pianist, brother of Fanny Mendelssohn, best known for Wedding March from A Midsummer Night's Dream
Otto Lindblad18091864Swedishcomposer
Frédéric Chopin18101849Polish composer and virtuoso pianist, his output includes nocturnes, ballade, scherzos, etudes, and a number of Polish dances such as mazurkas, polonaises, and waltzes (including Minute Waltz)
Ferenc Erkel18101893Hungariancomposer of grand opera
Otto Nicolai18101849Germanopera composer and conductor, best known for The Merry Wives of Windsor
Norbert Burgmüller18101836Germancomposer, praised by Robert Schumann
Robert Schumann18101856German composer and pianist, husband of Clara Schumann, a significant lieder writer, a prolific composer, wrote many short piano pieces, four symphonies, concerti and chamber music
Ludwig Schuncke18101834Germancomposer and pianist
Ferdinand David18101873Germancomposer and violinist
Wilhelm Taubert18111891Germanpianist, composer and conductor whose early works received praise from Felix Mendelssohn
Franz Liszt18111886Hungarian composer and virtuoso pianist, wrote a number of tone poems and extended piano technique, best known for his Hungarian Rhapsodies and other solo piano works, one of the most influential and distinguished piano composers of the Romantic era
Ferdinand Hiller18111885Germancomposer, conductor, writer and music-director, close friend of Felix Mendelssohn
Ambroise Thomas18111896French composer, best known for the operas Mignon and Hamlet
Spyridon Xyndas18121896Greekopera composer and guitarist
Sigismond Thalberg18121871Austriancomposer and one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era
Louis-Antoine Jullien18121860Frenchconductor and composer of light music, king of promenade concerts in England
Emilie Mayer18121883German composer of eight symphonies as well as overtures, lieder and numerous chamber works
Friedrich von Flotow18121883German composer, chiefly remembered for his opera Martha
Alexandre Dubuque18121898Russian-Frenchcomposer, known for teaching
Joaquín Espín y Guillén18121881Spanishmajor opera and zarzuela composer and musician, best known for Padilla, Carlo Broschi and El encogido y el estirado
Stephen Heller18131888Hungariancomposer, highly effected the late Romantic composers
Alexander Dargomyzhsky18131869Russiancomposer
Charles-Valentin Alkan18131888Frenchcomposer and virtuoso pianist
Ernst Haberbier18131869Germancomposer
George Alexander Macfarren18131887Englishmajor opera composer, best known for Robin Hood, She Stoops to Conquer and Helvellyn, also known as a teacher
Richard Wagner18131883German major opera composer, best known for his cycle of four operas Der Ring des Nibelungen
Giuseppe Verdi18131901Italian major opera composer, best known for Nabucco, Rigoletto, La Traviata and Aida
Andonios Liveralis18141842Greekopera composer and conductor
Giuseppe Lillo18141863Italiancomposer, best known for his operas amongst which is worth noting Odda di Bernaver and Caterina Howard
Adolf von Henselt18141889Germancomposer and pianist
Josephine Lang18151880Germancomposer and pianist
Robert Volkmann18151883Germancomposer, companion of Johannes Brahms
William Sterndale Bennett18161875Englishcomposer, conductor, and editor
Charles Dancla18171907Frenchviolinist, composer and teacher
Émile Prudent18171863Frenchpianist and composer
Károly Thern18171886Hungariancomposer, conductor and teacher
Niels Gade18171890Danishcomposer, violinist and organist
Henry Litolff18181891Britishpianist, composer and music publisher, best known for his Concerto Symphoniques
Charles Gounod18181893French composer, best known for his operas Faust and Roméo et Juliette
Antonio Bazzini18181897Italianviolinist, composer and teacher, best known for The Dance of the Goblins
Jacques Offenbach18191880Frenchopera and operetta composer, known for The Tales of Hoffmann and Orpheus in the Underworld
Franz von Suppé18191895Austrian composer and conductor, notable for his operettas
Stanisław Moniuszko18191872Polishcomposer, best known as the Father of Polish National Opera
Clara Schumann18191896Germancomposer and pianist, wife of Robert Schumann, one of the leading pianists of the Romantic era

Middle Romantic-era composers (born 1820–39)[edit]

NameDate bornDate diedNationalityComments
Henri Vieuxtemps18201881Belgian composer and violinist
Giovanni Bottesini18211889Italianconductor, composer and double bass virtuoso
Emilie Hammarskjöld18211854Swedishcomposer, concert pianist and organist
Joachim Raff18221882Swiss-born German composer, best known for eleven symphonies, most of them program music
César Franck18221890Belgian-born French composer, noted for his Symphony in D minor, also a significant composer for the organ
Luigi Arditi18221903Italiancomposer, violinist and conductor
Édouard Lalo18231892Frenchcomposer, remembered for his Symphonie Espagnole for violin and orchestra and his Cello Concerto
Theodor Kirchner18231903Germancomposer and pianist, he wrote over 1,000 piano pieces.
Anton Bruckner18241896Austrian composer of nine large-scale symphonies (one incomplete) and two more unacknowledged
Bedřich Smetana18241884Czech nationalist composer, best known for his cycle of six symphonic poems, Má vlast and his opera The Bartered Bride
Carl Reinecke18241910Germancomposer, conductor and pianist, best known for his attachment to classical forms and conducted Gewandhausorchester for nearly 35 years
Jean-Baptiste Arban18251889Frenchcomposer and virtuoso cornetist, wrote the "Grande méthode complète pour cornet à pistons et de saxhorn" now referred to as the "Trumpeter's Bible"
Johann Strauss II18251899Austrian composer known as "The Waltz King", son of Austrian dance music composer Johann Strauss I and elder brother of Josef Strauss and Eduard Strauss, best known for Blue Danube Waltz and his opera Die Fledermaus
Richard Hol18251904Dutchorgan composer
Ivar Hallström18261901Swedishopera composer
Ludwig Minkus18261917Austriancomposer of ballet music
Josef Strauss18271870Austriancomposer and younger brother of Johann Strauss II
Adolphe Blanc18281885Frenchcomposer of chamber music
Johann Dubez18281891Italiancomposer and mandolinist
Jacques Blumenthal18291908Germancomposer
Louis Moreau Gottschalk18291869Americancomposer, famous for performing his own romantic piano works
Anton Rubinstein18291894Russianconductor, composer and pianist
Karl Goldmark18301915Hungarian composer
Hans von Bülow18301894Germanconductor, composer and virtuoso pianist
Ivan Larionov18301889Russiancomposer, writer and folklorist
Jan Gerard Palm18311906Dutch Antilleancomposer, best known for his mazurkas, waltzes, danzas, tumbas, fantasies and serenades
Hiromori Hayashi18311896Japanesecomposer, known for the Japanese national anthem Kimigayo
Joseph Joachim18311907Hungariancomposer, violinist, conductor and teacher
Eduardo Mezzacapo18321898Italianmandolin virtuoso, composer and teacher, known for Aubade for Mandolin, Violin and Guitar and Tarantella "Napoli"
August Söderman18321876Swedishcomposer, best known for his lieder and choral works
Francis Edward Bache18331858Englishcomposer and organist
Alexander Borodin18331887Russianchemist and nationalist composer, wrote the opera Prince Igor, and part of the Russian Five
Johannes Brahms18331897German composer, one of the leading musicians of the Romantic period, best known for his four symphonies, Violin Concerto, two piano concertos, and Double Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra
Amilcare Ponchielli18341886Italian opera composer, known for La Gioconda
Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska18341861Polish composer
Julius Reubke18341858German piano and organ composer, known for Sonata on the 94th Psalm
Peter Benoit18341901Flemishcomposer
Giuseppe Branzoli18351909Italianmandolinist, violinist, composer and music historian
Felix Draeseke18351913Germancomposer
Camille Saint-Saëns18351921French music critic, composer, pianist and an exceptional organist, best known for his biblical opera Samson et Dalila
Henryk Wieniawski18351880Polish composer and violinist, famous for two concertos and character pieces of exceptional difficulty
Eduard Strauss18351916Austriancomposer and younger brother of Johann Strauss II and Josef Strauss
César Cui18351918Russian army officer, music critic and composer of the Russian Five
Friedrich Baumfelder18361916Germanpiano, choral, and orchestra composer, in his day known for his 'Tirocinium musicae' and today known for his 'Melody in F major'
Léo Delibes18361891Frenchcomposer, one of the first significant ballet composers since the Baroque music, known for Coppélia, Sylvia, and Lakmé
Antônio Carlos Gomes18361896Brazilianopera composer, praised by Franz Liszt and Giuseppe Verdi whose Il Guarany premiered at La Scala in 1870, a first opera ballo for the composer from the New World
Bertha Tammelin18361915Swedishcomposer, concert pianist and opera singer
Julius Weissenborn18371888Germanbassoonist, composer and music teacher, famous for his Practical Bassoon School
Émile Waldteufel18371915French composer of light music
Mily Balakirev18371910Russian nationalist composer and the leader of the Russian Five
Georges Bizet18381875French composer, best known for his opera Carmen
Max Bruch18381920German composer, known for his Violin Concerto No. 1, Scottish Fantasy, and Kol Nidrei for cello and orchestra
Modest Mussorgsky18391881Russian nationalist composer and the member of the Russian Five, best known for his piano suite Pictures At An Exhibition
John Knowles Paine18391906Americanfirst native-born American composer to acquire fame for his large-scale orchestral music
Josef Rheinberger18391901Germancomposer and organist, born in Liechtenstein, primarily noted for his organ music including 20 sonatas

Late Romantic-era composers (born 1840–59)[edit]

NameDate bornDate diedNationalityComments
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky18401893Russian composer, best known for his three ballets The Nutcracker, Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty, his opera Eugene Onegin, his 1812 Overture, his Piano Concerto No. 1, his Violin Concerto and his six symphonies
John Stainer18401901Englishcomposer and organist
Johan Svendsen18401911Norwegiancomposer, conductor and violinist
Emmanuel Chabrier18411894Frenchcomposer who influenced Maurice Ravel, Les Six, Jean Françaix and many other French composers, known for the opera L'étoile
Antonín Dvořák18411904Czech composer, best known for New World Symphony
Giovanni Sgambati18411914Italiancomposer, conductor and pianist
Giuseppe Silvestri18411921Italiancomposer and mandolin virtuoso
Arrigo Boito18421918Italian composer and librettist, known as a composer for his opera Mefistofele
Johann Nepomuk Fuchs18421899Austriancomposer, conductor, teacher and editor
Jules Massenet18421912French composer, best known for his two operas Manon and Werther and the Méditation for violin from the opera Thaïs
Felipe Pedrell18421922Spanishcomposer of opera, zarzuela and church music who taught and influenced Isaac Albéniz, Enrique Granados and Manuel de Falla
Arthur Sullivan18421900English composer, known for his operettas in collaboration with William Schwenck Gilbert
Émile Bernard18431902Frenchcomposer and organist, known for his Divertissement for Doubled Wind Quintet
David Popper18431913Czechcomposer and virtuoso cellist, known for his 40 etudes, 4 concerti and Hungarian Rhapsody for cello and orchestra
Edvard Grieg18431907Norwegian composer, known for his incidental music to Peer Gynt
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov18441908Russian composer and the member of the Russian Five, best known for Flight of the Bumblebee from The Tale of Tsar Saltan
Pietro Armanini18441895Italiancomposer, virtuoso mandolinist and teacher, known for his performances and two dances La cigale polka pour (The Grasshopper Polka) and L'éventail polka-mazurka (The Range Mazurka)
Pablo de Sarasate18441908Spanishvirtuoso violinist and composer, best known for Zigeunerweisen
Charles-Marie Widor18441937Frenchcomposer, known for his works for the organ
Ion Ivanovici18451902Romaniancomposer, known for his waltz Waves of the Danube
Gabriel Fauré18451924French composer, known for his chamber music and a requiem among other pieces
Ignaz Brüll18461907Austriancomposer and pianist
Luigi Denza18461922Italianopera composer, composed and played for mandolin and guitar
Ferdinando de Cristofaro18461890Italianmandolin virtuoso, pianist, composer and music teacher
Zygmunt Noskowski18461909Polishcomposer, conductor and teacher
Augusta Holmès18471903Frenchcomposer of Irish descent
Robert Fuchs18471927Austriancomposer and music teacher
Philipp Scharwenka18471917German-Polishcomposer and music teacher, brother of Franz Xaver Scharwenka
Henri Duparc18481933Frenchcomposer, noted for seventeen melodies
Hubert Parry18481918English composer, wrote choral song Jerusalem
Benjamin Godard18491895Frenchcomposer and violinist
Ernesto Köhler18491907Italianflautist and composer, known by flautists for his instructional work Progress in Flute Playing
C. A. Bracco18501903Italianmandolinist, violinist, composer and conductor, known for I mandolini a congresso
Xaver Scharwenka18501924German-Polishcomposer, pianist and music teacher, brother of Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka
Alexandre Luigini18501906Frenchcomposer and conductor
Vincent d'Indy18511931French composer, teacher of Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud among others
Francisco Tárrega18521909Spanishcomposer and virtuoso classical guitarist, known as the 'Father of modern classical guitar playing'
Hans Huber18521921Swisscomposer
Charles Villiers Stanford18521924Irish composer
Ciprian Porumbescu18531883Romaniancomposer
Teresa Carreño18531917Venezuelancomposer
Engelbert Humperdinck18541921Germanopera composer, influenced by Richard Wagner, famous for Hänsel und Gretel
Leoš Janáček18541928Czechcomposer, known for his two operas Káťa Kabanová and Jenůfa and his two orchestral pieces Sinfonietta and Taras Bulba
Alfredo Catalani18541893Italiancomposer, known for the operas Loreley and La Wally
Moritz Moszkowski18541925Germancomposer and pianist who wrote prolifically for the piano, also composed a piano concerto and a violin concerto
John Philip Sousa18541932Americancomposer known as "The March King", best known for The Stars And Stripes Forever
Bernard Zweers18541924Dutch composer
George Whitefield Chadwick18541931Americancomposer
Ernest Chausson18551899Frenchcomposer, influenced by César Franck and Richard Wagner, seen as a bridge from them to Claude Debussy
Jean Pietrapertosa18551940Italian-Frenchcomposer and mandolin virtuoso
Julius Röntgen18551932German-Dutchcomposer, influenced by Johannes Brahms, close friend to Edvard Grieg
Anatoly Lyadov18551914Russian composer, teacher and conductor
Arnold Mendelssohn18551933Germancomposer and music teacher
Sergei Taneyev18561915Russian composer, pianist and music teacher
Christian Sinding18561941Norwegian composer
Edward Elgar18571934English composer, wrote oratorios, chamber music, concerti and symphonies, best known for his Enigma Variations and his Pomp and Circumstance Marches
Cécile Chaminade18571944Frenchcomposer and pianist
Ruggero Leoncavallo18571919Italian opera composer, known almost exclusively for Pagliacci
Giacomo Puccini18581924Italian opera composer, known for La bohème, Tosca and Madama Butterfly
Eugène Ysaÿe18581931Belgian composer
Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov18591935Russiancomposer, conductor and teacher
Sergei Lyapunov18591924Russiancomposer and pianist
Per Lasson18591883Norwegiancomposer, brother of Norwegian painter Oda Krohg

Romantic-era/20th-century classical composers (born 1860–80)[edit]

NameDate bornDate diedNationalityComments
Isaac Albéniz18601909Spanish composer, known for nationalist piano works such as Iberia and a 'set of 12 piano pieces'
Valborg Aulin18601928Swedishpianist and composer
Gustave Charpentier18601956French composer, best known for his opera Louise
Gustav Mahler18601911Austrian composer, one of the most important late-Romantic/early-Modernist composers, his works include nine innovative large-scale and sometimes programmatic symphonies, and many lieder
Edward MacDowell18601908American composer, best known for his piano concertos and piano suites, his works include his most popular short piece "To a Wild Rose"
Hugo Wolf18601903Austrian composer of lieder, influenced by Richard Wagner
Ignacy Jan Paderewski18601941Polishpianist and composer
Anton Arensky18611906Russiancomposer, pianist and music teacher
Spyridon Samaras18611917Greekopera composer, widely known for his composition of the song "Olympic Hymn"
Wilhelm Berger18611911Germancomposer, pianist and conductor
Georgy Catoire18611926Russiancomposer
Václav Suk18611933Czech-born Russiancomposer, violinist and conductor
Claude Debussy18621918French composer, one of the most prominent figures working within the field of Impressionist music, best known for Clair de Lune from Suite bergamasque
Frederick Delius18621934English composer, used chromaticism in many of his compositions[vague]
Edward German18621936English composer of Welsh descent, known for his three comic operas Merrie England, A Princess of Kensington and Tom Jones
Alberto Williams18621952Argentinecomposer and conductor
Pietro Mascagni18631945Italian opera composer, known for Cavalleria Rusticana
Gabriel Pierné18631937Frenchcomposer, conductor, and organist
Ricardo Castro18641907Mexicancomposer, works include piano music
Alberto Nepomuceno18641920Brazilian composer
Guy Ropartz18641955Frenchcomposer and conductor
Richard Strauss18641949German composer, known for Also Sprach Zarathustra (based on the book Thus Spoke Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche), wrote many tone poems, operas and lieder
Eduardo di Capua18651917Italiancomposer, known for his song "’O sole mio"
Paul Dukas18651935French composer, known for his piece of program music The Sorcerer's Apprentice
Herbert J. Ellis18651903Englishmusician (banjo, mandolin and guitar), wrote method books, more than 1000 compositions
Paul Gilson18651942Belgianmusician and composer
Alexander Glazunov18651936Russian composer, influenced by Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt
Albéric Magnard18651914French composer
Carl Nielsen18651931Danish composer, renowned for his six symphonies and concerti
Jean Sibelius18651957Finnish nationalist composer of seven symphonies, known for the symphonic poem Finlandia and Violin Concerto
Ferruccio Busoni18661924Italian composer and pianist, known for his opera Turandot and his many transcriptions and arrangements of Johann Sebastian Bach
Francesco Cilea18661950Italiancomposer, particularly known for his two operas L'arlesiana and Adriana Lecouvreur
Vladimir Rebikov18661920Russiancomposer and pianist
Erik Satie18661925Frenchcomposer and pianist, best known for Les Trois Gymnopédies
Johann Strauss III18661939Austriancomposer, son of Eduard Strauss
Samuel Maykapar18671938Russiancomposer
Amy Beach18671944American composer and pianist
Umberto Giordano18671948Italianopera composer
Enrique Granados18671916Spanish composer and pianist, known for his piano works and chamber music
Wilhelm Peterson-Berger18671942Swedish composer, wrote symphonies, operas, vocal and piano music
Charles Koechlin18671950Frenchcomposer, teacher and writer on music
Scott Joplinc. 1867/18681917American composer and pianist known as "The Ragtime King", best known for Maple Leaf Rag (1899) and The Entertainer (1902)
Granville Bantock18681946Britishcomposer
Hermann Bischoff18681936Germancomposer
Hamish MacCunn18681916Scottishcomposer, conductor and teacher
Vittorio Monti18681922Italiancomposer, violinist and conductor, only famous for Csárdás
Juventino Rosas18681894Mexican composer, known for his song "'Sobre las Olas"
Jan Brandts Buys18681933Dutch-Austriancomposer
Tokichi Setoguchi18681941Japanesecomposer, music educator, conductor and clarinetist, famous for Warship March
Seth Weeks18681953American composer, music educator, jazz bandleader and mandolinist
Demetrios Lialios18691940Greekcomposer of chamber music
Julius Conus18691942Russiancomposer and violinist
Albert Roussel18691937French composer
Zygmunt Stojowski18701946Polishcomposer and pianist
Franz Lehár18701948Hungariancomposer, mainly known for his operettas
Florent Schmitt18701958Frenchcomposer
Guillaume Lekeu18701894Belgiancomposer, known for his violin sonata
Giacomo Balla18711958Italianfuturist composer and artist
Henry Kimball Hadley18711937Americancomposer and conductor, known for the opera Cleopatra's Night
Oreste Ravanello18711938Italiancomposer, known for works for choir and for organ
Wilhelm Stenhammar18711927Swedish composer, conductor and pianist
Alexander von Zemlinsky18711942Austrian composer and music teacher, his students include Arnold Schoenberg and Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Hugo Alfvén18721960Swedish composer, known for Swedish Rhapsody, works include choral music, and five symphonies
Julius Fučík18721916Czech composer and conductor of military bands, known for Entrance of the Gladiators
Rubin Goldmark18721936Americancomposer, pianist, educator and nephew of Karl Goldmark
Alexander Scriabin18721915Russian composer and pianist, known for his harmonically adventurous piano sonatas and theatrical, orchestral works
Ralph Vaughan Williams18721958English composer, his works include nine symphonies, Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis and other orchestral poems
Salvator Léonardi18721938Italiancomposer, performer and teacher, known for Souvenir de Catania, Souvenir de Napoli, Souvenir de Sicile and Angeli e Demoni
William Henry Bell18731946Englishcomposer, conductor and lecturer
Leo Fall18731925Austriancomposer of operettas
Pascual Marquina Narro18731948Spanishprolific orchestral and operatic composer
Sergei Rachmaninoff18731943Russian composer, conductor and virtuoso pianist, wrote three symphonies, four piano concertos, Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini and solo piano music
Max Reger18731916Germanprolific composer, known for his Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart
Reynaldo Hahn18741947Venezuelancomposer, known for his strikingly beautiful and unabashedly tonal melodies
Gustav Holst18741934English composer, best known for his orchestral suite The Planets
Charles Ives18741954Americancomposer, member of the American Five, best known for The Unanswered Question and his Concord Sonata
Arnold Schoenberg18741951Austrian composer, whose early works (e.g. Verklärte Nacht) are influenced by Richard Wagner, but subsequently developed atonalism and serialism with such watershed works as Moses und Aron
Josef Suk18741935Czech composer and violinist
Franz Schmidt18741939Austriancomposer, influenced by Anton Bruckner and Johannes Brahms
Franco Alfano18751954Italiancomposer and pianist
Julián Carrillo18751965Mexicancomposer, conductor, violinist and music theorist
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor18751912Englishcomposer, known for his trilogy of cantatas The Song of Hiawatha
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis18751911Lithuanianpainter and composer
Reinhold Glière18751956Russian composer
Albert Ketelbey18751959English composer, conductor and pianist
Fritz Kreisler18751962Austriancomposer and violinist
Maurice Ravel18751937French composer, best known for Boléro
Henriette Renié18751956Frenchharpist and composer
Edgar Bara18761962Frenchmandolinist and composer, conducted mandolin orchestra
John Alden Carpenter18761951Americancomposer
Manuel de Falla18761946Spanish composer, best known for The Three-Cornered Hat
Mieczysław Karłowicz18761909Polish composer, his style is of late-Romantic and nationalist character
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti18761944Italianfuturist composer, poet, and editor
Fermo Dante Marchetti18761940Italiancomposer, best known for the song "Fascination"
Ludolf Nielsen18761939Danishcomposer, violinist, conductor and pianist
Carl Ruggles18761971American composer, painter and the member of the American Five, best known for his orchestral work Sun-Treader
Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari18761948Italian composer and music teacher, known for his comic operas
Antonio Russolo18771942Italianfuturist composer and brother of Luigi Russolo
Elisabeth Kuyper18771953Dutchcomposer and conductor
Ernő Dohnányi18771960Hungarianconductor, composer and pianist
Gabriel Dupont18781914French composer, known for his operas and chamber music
Joseph Holbrooke18781958Englishcomposer, conductor and pianist
Franz Schreker18781934Austrianconductor, composer and music teacher, primarily a composer of operas
Frank Bridge18791941English composer, best known as the teacher of Benjamin Britten; compositions include Oration for cello and orchestra, The Sea for orchestra and four string quartets
Viggo Brodersen18791965Danishcomposer and pianist
Joseph Canteloube18791957French composer, primarily known for Chants d'Auvergne
Hamilton Harty18791941Irishcomposer and conductor, best known for An Irish Symphony
John Ireland18791962Englishcomposer, whose Piano Concerto is representative
Alma Mahler18791964Austriancomposer and wife of Gustav Mahler
Otto Olsson18791964Swedishcomposer
Ottorino Respighi18791936Italian composer, known for his two symphonic poems The Fountains of Rome and The Pines of Rome
Rudolf Sieczyński18791952Austrian composer
Cyril Scott18791970Englishcomposer, writer and poet
Rentarō Taki18791903Japanese composer and pianist
Ernest Bloch18801959Swiss-born American composer, best known for Schelomo for cello and orchestra
Edgar Thomas Cook18801953Englishorganist and composer
John Foulds18801939Englishcomposer
Jan Kubelík18801940Czechviolinist and composer
Nikolai Medtner18801951Russian composer, known for his piano sonatas and concerti
Ildebrando Pizzetti18801968Italiancomposer, best known for his opera Assassinio nella cattedrale
Francesco Balilla Pratella18801955Italianfuturist composer and musicologist

Timeline[edit]

Georges BizetCamille Saint-SaënsHenryk WieniawskiJulius ReubkeJohannes BrahmsAlexander BorodinFrancis Edward BacheKarl GoldmarkAnton RubinsteinLouis Moreau GottschalkJosef StraussJohann Strauss IIAnton BrucknerBedřich SmetanaEdouard LaloCésar FranckClara SchumannJacques OffenbachCharles GounodNiels Wilhelm GadeRobert VolkmannGiuseppe VerdiCharles-Valentin AlkanRichard WagnerFranz LisztRobert SchumannFrédéric ChopinCarl Otto NicolaiNorbert BurgmüllerOtto LindbladFelix MendelssohnMichael William BalfeJuan Crisostomo de ArriagaFanny MendelssohnJohann Strauss IHector BerliozMikhail GlinkaAdolphe-Charles AdamVincenzo BelliniGaetano DonizettiFranz SchubertCarl LoeweFranz BerwaldGioacchino RossiniGiacomo MeyerbeerCarl CzernyCarl Maria von WeberLouis SpohrDaniel AuberNiccolò PaganiniJohn Field (composer)Anthony Philip HeinrichFernando SorJohann Nepomuk HummelLudwig van BeethovenNikolai MedtnerOttorino RespighiJoseph CanteloubeReinhold GlièreFranz SchmidtJosef SukSergei RachmaninoffAlexander ScriabinWilhelm StenhammarFranz LeharAmy BeachEnrique GranadosFerruccio BusoniVasily KalinnikovJean SibeliusAlexander GlazunovPaul DukasCarl NielsenAlbéric MagnardRichard StraussEdward GermanAnton Stepanovich ArenskyGustave CharpentierIsaac AlbenizGustav MahlerHugo WolfSergei LyapunovEugene YsayeGiacomo PucciniRuggiero LeoncavalloEdward ElgarChristian SindingAnatoly LyadovErnest ChaussonGeorge Whitefield ChadwickLeoš JanáčekEngelbert Humperdinck (composer)Charles Villiers StanfordHans Huber (composer)Francisco TarregaFranz Xaver ScharwenkaAlexandre LuiginiHubert ParryRobert FuchsAugusta HolmèsCharles-Marie WidorGabriel FauréPablo SarasateNikolai Rimsky-KorsakovEdvard GriegArrigo BoitoArthur SullivanJohann FuchsAntonín DvořákJohan SvendsenJohn StainerPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
Sources