List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees

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The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, established in 1983 and located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, is dedicated to recording the history of some of the best-known and most influential musicians, bands, producers, and others that have in some major way influenced the music industry, particularly in the area of rock and roll.[1] Originally, there were four categories of induction: performers, non-performers, early influences, and lifetime achievement. In 2000, "sidemen" was introduced as a category while that year also marked the last time for nine years that early influences would be inducted.

The only category that has seen new inductees every single year is the performers category. Artists become eligible for induction in that category 25 years after the release of their first record.[2] In order to be inducted, an artist must be nominated by a committee that selects anywhere from nine to a dozen candidates. Ballots are then sent to 600 "rock experts" who evaluate the candidates and vote on who should be inducted. The performers that receive the highest number of votes and more than 50 percent of the vote are inducted. In 2010, the number inducted was five. The rest of the categories are voted on by special committees.[2] New inductees are honored at an annual ceremony held either in New York or every three years at the Hall of Fame city in Cleveland.[3]

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has garnered criticism for allegedly allowing the nomination process to be controlled by a few individuals,[4] nominating too many artists in too many genres that are not entirely rock,[5] ignoring entire rock genres,[6] and using technicalities to induct groups who may not have been among the top vote getters.[7] The surviving members of the Sex Pistols, who were inducted in 2006, refused to attend the ceremony, calling the museum a "piss stain."[8]

Inductees[edit]

Performers[edit]

The performers category is meant for recording artists and bands that have "influence and significance to the development and perpetuation of rock and roll."[2] Artists become eligible for induction in that category 25 years after the release of their first record. In order to be inducted, an artist must be nominated by a committee that selects anywhere from nine to a dozen candidates. Ballots are sent to 500 "rock experts" who then evaluate the candidates and vote on who should be inducted. The performers that receive the highest number of votes and more than 50 percent of the vote are inducted. In 2011, the number inducted was five. The rest of the categories are voted on by special committees.[2] In 2012, six additional bands and groups were inducted as performers by a special committee, due to the controversial nature of their being excluded when their lead singer was inducted. "There was a lot of discussion about this," said Terry Stewart, a member of the nominating committee. "There had always been conversations about why the groups weren't included when the lead singers were inducted. Very honestly, nobody could really answer that question – it was so long ago... We decided we'd sit down as an organization and look at that. This is the result."[9]

YearImageNameInducted members
1986Chuck Berry51.JPGBerry, ChuckChuck Berry
1986James Brown 2001.jpgBrown, JamesJames Brown
1986Ray Charles FIJM 2003.jpgCharles, RayRay Charles
1986Sam Cooke in the recording studio 1961.jpgCooke, SamSam Cooke
1986Fats Domino018.JPGDomino, FatsFats Domino
1986Everlys Brothers in concert.jpgThe Everly BrothersDon Everly and Phil Everly.[10]
1986Buddy Holly cropped.JPGHolly, BuddyBuddy Holly
1986Jerry Lee Lewis4 - Photo by Anthony Pepitone.jpgLewis, Jerry LeeJerry Lee Lewis
1986Little Richard in 2007.jpgLittle Richard
1986Elvis Presley 1970.jpgPresley, ElvisElvis Presley
1987The Coasters 1957.JPGThe CoastersCarl Gardner, Cornell Gunter, Billy Guy, and Will "Dub" Jones.[11]
1987Eddie Cochran 1958.jpgCochran, EddieEddie Cochran
1987BoDiddley1997.jpgDiddley, BoBo Diddley
1987Arethafranklin.jpgFranklin, ArethaAretha Franklin
1987Marvin Gaye (1973).pngGaye, MarvinMarvin Gaye
1987Rock Pop Singer Bill Haley 1955 Image 1 of 2.JPGHaley, BillBill Haley
1987B. B. King.jpgKing, B.B.B.B. King
1987Clyde McPhatter.pngMcPhatter, ClydeClyde McPhatter
1987Ricky Nelson free.jpgNelson, RickyRicky Nelson
1987Roy Orbison 1965.jpgOrbison, RoyRoy Orbison
1987Carlperkins Sun records.jpgPerkins, CarlCarl Perkins
1987SmokeyRobinson2.jpgRobinson, SmokeySmokey Robinson
1987Big Joe in Hamburg 1973.jpgJoe Turner, BigBig Joe Turner
1987Muddy Waters (blues musician).jpgWaters, MuddyMuddy Waters
1987Jackie Wilson 1961.jpgWilson, JackieJackie Wilson
1988The Beach Boys concierto.jpgThe Beach BoysAl Jardine, Mike Love, Brian Wilson, Carl Wilson, and Dennis Wilson.[12]
1988left to right: John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo StarrThe BeatlesGeorge Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr.[13]
1988The Drifters.pngThe DriftersBen E. King, Rudy Lewis, Clyde McPhatter, Johnny Moore, Bill Pinkney, Charlie Thomas, and Gerhart Thrasher.[14]
1988Joan Baez Bob Dylan crop.jpgDylan, BobBob Dylan
1988The Supremes 1966.JPGThe SupremesFlorence Ballard, Diana Ross, and Mary Wilson.[15]
1989DionDiMucci.jpgDion
1989Otis Redding (2).pngRedding, OtisOtis Redding
1989The Rolling Stones in 2006. Left to right: Ronnie Wood, Charlie Watts, Mick Jagger and Keith RichardsThe Rolling StonesMick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood and Bill Wyman.[16]
1989The Temptations on the Ed Sullivan Show.JPGThe TemptationsMelvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams, Dennis Edwards.

[17]

1989Stevie Wonder.jpgWonder, StevieStevie Wonder
1990Ballard, HankHank Ballard
1990Charlie Christian.jpgCharlie Christian
1990Bobby Darin 1959.JPGBobby Darin
1990Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons.jpgThe Four SeasonsTom DeVito, Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi, and Frankie Valli.[18]
1990The Four Tops.jpgFour TopsRenaldo "Obie" Benson, Abdul "Duke" Fakir, Lawrence Payton, and Levi Stubbs.[19]
1990left to right: Pete Quaife, Dave Davies, Ray Davies, Mick Avory.The KinksMick Avory, Dave Davies, Ray Davies, and Pete Quaife.[20]
1990The Platters First Promo Photo.jpgThe PlattersDavid Lynch, Herb Reed, Paul Robi, Zola Taylor, and Tony Williams.[21]
1990Simon and GarfunkelSimon & GarfunkelPaul Simon and Art Garfunkel.[22]
1990The Who in 1975, left to right: Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, Pete TownshendThe WhoRoger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, and Pete Townshend.[23]
1991LaVern Baker 1956.jpgBaker, LaVernLaVern Baker
1991The ByrdsGene Clark, Michael Clarke, David Crosby, Chris Hillman, and Roger McGuinn.[24]
1991JohnLeeHooker1997.jpgHooker, John LeeJohn Lee Hooker
1991The ImpressionsCurtis Mayfield, Sam Gooden, Fred Cash, Arthur Brooks, Richard Brooks, and Jerry Butler.[25]
1991Pickett, WilsonWilson Pickett
1991Reed, JimmyJimmy Reed
1991Ike & Tina Turner 231172 Dia14.jpgIke & Tina TurnerIke Turner and Tina Turner.[26]
1992BobbyBland1996.jpgBobby "Blue" Bland
1992Booker T. & the M.G.'s Tunica, Mississippi 2002.jpgBooker T. & the M.G.'sBooker T. Jones, Steve Cropper, Donald "Duck" Dunn, Al Jackson, Jr., and Lewie Steinberg.[27]
1992JohnnyCash1969.jpgCash, JohnnyJohnny Cash
1992The Isley BrothersErnie Isley, Marvin Isley, O'Kelly Isley, Jr., Ronald Isley, Rudolph Isley, and Chris Jasper.[28]
1992Jimi Hendrix Experience in Fenklup.pngThe Jimi Hendrix ExperienceJimi Hendrix, Mitch Mitchell, and Noel Redding.[29]
1992Sam & Dave (2).pngSam & DaveSam Moore and Dave Prater.[30]
1992Yardbirds2006 2.JPGThe YardbirdsJeff Beck, Eric Clapton, Chris Dreja, Jim McCarty, Jimmy Page, Keith Relf, and Paul Samwell-Smith.[31]
1993Ruth Brown cropped.jpgBrown, RuthRuth Brown
1993Cream Clapton Bruce Baker 1960s.jpgCreamGinger Baker, Jack Bruce, and Eric Clapton.[32]
1993Creedence Clearwater Revival 1968.jpgCreedence Clearwater RevivalDoug Clifford, Stu Cook, John Fogerty, and Tom Fogerty.[33]
1993The Doors 1968.JPGThe DoorsJohn Densmore, Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek, and Jim Morrison.[34]
1993Frankie Lymon and The Teenagers 1957.JPGFrankie Lymon & The TeenagersHerman Santiago, Jimmy Merchant, Sherman Garnes, Frankie Lymon and Joe Negroni[35]
1993Etta James04.JPGJames, EttaEtta James
1993Van-Morrison.jpgVan Morrison
1993Stone3.jpgSly and the Family StoneGregg Errico, Larry Graham, Jerry Martini, Cynthia Robinson, Freddie Stone, Rosie Stone, and Sly Stone.[36]
1994Eric Burdon & the Animals.jpgThe AnimalsEric Burdon, Chas Chandler, Alan Price, John Steel, and Hilton Valentine.[37]
1994The Band performing with Bob Dylan (Dylan was not a member of The band)The BandRick Danko, Levon Helm, Garth Hudson, Richard Manuel, and Robbie Robertson.[38]
1994Eddy, DuaneDuane Eddy
1994Jerry-Mickey at Red Rocks taken 08-11-87.jpgGrateful DeadTom Constanten, Jerry Garcia, Donna Jean Godchaux, Keith Godchaux, Mickey Hart, Robert Hunter, Bill Kreutzmann, Phil Lesh, Ron McKernan, Brent Mydland, Bob Weir, and Vince Welnick.[39]
1994Elton John on stage, 2008.jpgJohn, EltonElton John
1994JohnLennonpeace.jpgLennon, JohnJohn Lennon
1994Bob-Marley-in-Concert Zurich 05-30-80.jpgMarley, BobBob Marley
1994Rod stewart 05111976 12 400.jpgStewart, RodRod Stewart
1995Allman Brothers Band 13 Mar 2010.jpgThe Allman Brothers BandDuane Allman, Gregg Allman, Dickey Betts, Jai Johanny Johanson, Berry Oakley, and Butch Trucks.[40]
1995Al Green.jpgGreen, AlAl Green
1995Janis Joplin seated 1970.JPGJoplin, JanisJanis Joplin
1995Led Zeppelin in 2007, left to right: John Paul Jones, Robert Plant, Jimmy PageLed ZeppelinJohn Bonham, John Paul Jones, Jimmy Page, and Robert Plant[41]
1995Martha and the Vandellas 1965.JPGMartha and the VandellasRosalind Ashford, Annette Beard, Betty Kelly, Lois Reeves, Martha Reeves, and Sandra Tilley.[42]
1995Neilyoung2.jpgYoung, NeilNeil Young
1995Zappa 16011977 01 300.jpgZappa, FrankFrank Zappa
1996David Bowie.jpgBowie, DavidDavid Bowie
1996Left to right: William "Red" Guest, Edward Patten, Merald "Bubba" Knight, and Gladys KnightGladys Knight & the PipsWilliam Guest, Gladys Knight, Merald "Bubba" Knight, and Edward Patten.[43]
1996Jefferson Airplane.pngJefferson AirplaneMarty Balin, Jack Casady, Spencer Dryden, Paul Kantner, Jorma Kaukonen, and Grace Slick.[44]
1996Little Willie John
1996Clockwise from top left: Roger Waters, David Gilmour, Rick Wright and Nick MasonPink FloydSyd Barrett, David Gilmour, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, and Rick Wright.[45]
1996The Shirelles 1962.jpgThe ShirellesShirley Alston Reeves, Addie Harris, Doris Kenner-Jackson, and Beverly Lee.[46]
1996The Velvet UndergroundJohn Cale, Sterling Morrison, Lou Reed, and Maureen Tucker.[47]
1997The Bee Gees.pngBee GeesBarry Gibb, Maurice Gibb, and Robin Gibb.[48]
1997Buffalo SpringfieldRichie Furay, Dewey Martin, Bruce Palmer, Stephen Stills, and Neil Young.[49]
1997left to right: Graham Nash, Stephen Stills, Neil Young (not inducted with the band) and David CrosbyCrosby, Stills & NashDavid Crosby, Graham Nash, and Stephen Stills.[50]
1997Jackson 5 tv special 1972.JPGThe Jackson 5Jackie Jackson, Jermaine Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Michael Jackson, and Tito Jackson.[51]
1997Joni Mitchell 2004.jpgMitchell, JoniJoni Mitchell
1997George Clinton 2006.jpgParliament-FunkadelicJerome Brailey, George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, Raymond Davis, Tiki Fulwood, Glenn Goins, Michael Hampton, Fuzzy Haskins, Eddie Hazel, Walter Morrison, Cordell Mosson, William "Billy Bass" Nelson, Garry Shider, Calvin Simon, Grady Thomas, and Bernie Worrell.[52]
1997The Rascals 1969.JPGThe (Young) RascalsEddie Brigati, Felix Cavaliere, Gene Cornish, and Dino Danelli.[53]
1998Eagles.jpgEaglesDon Felder, Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, Randy Meisner, Timothy B. Schmit, and Joe Walsh.[54]
1998Stevie Nicks and Lindsey BuckinghamFleetwood MacLindsey Buckingham, Mick Fleetwood, Peter Green, Danny Kirwan, Christine McVie, John McVie, Stevie Nicks, and Jeremy Spencer.[55]
1998The Mamas and the Papas Ed Sullivan Show 1968.JPGThe Mamas & the PapasDenny Doherty, Cass Elliot, John Phillips, and Michelle Phillips.[56]
1998LloydPrice1996.jpgPrice, LloydLloyd Price
1998Carlos Santana 2.jpgSantanaJose Chepito Areas, David Brown, Mike Carabello, Gregg Rolie, Carlos Santana, and Michael Shrieve.[57]
1998Gene Vincent 1957.JPGVincent, GeneGene Vincent
1999Billy Joel - Perth 7 November 2006.jpgJoel, BillyBilly Joel
1999Curtis Mayfield.pngMayfield, CurtisCurtis Mayfield
1999Paul McCartney on stage in Prague.jpgMcCartney, PaulPaul McCartney
1999Del Shannon 1965.jpgShannon, DelDel Shannon
1999Dusty Springfield (Repetities 1968-03-06 Grand Gala du Disque Populaire).jpgSpringfield, DustyDusty Springfield
1999Bruce Springsteen 20080815.jpgSpringsteen, BruceBruce Springsteen
1999Staple Singers on Soul Train.jpgStaple Singers, TheThe Staple SingersCleotha Staples, Mavis Staples, Pervis Staples, Pops Staples, and Yvonne Staples.[58]
2000Clapton.jpgClapton, EricEric Clapton
2000Earth, Wind & Fire at 2008 US Open.jpgEarth, Wind & FirePhilip Bailey, Larry Dunn, Johnny Graham, Ralph Johnson, Al McKay, Fred White, Maurice White, Verdine White, and Andrew Woolfolk.[59]
2000Lovin spoonful-cropped 9356.JPGLovin' Spoonful, TheThe Lovin' SpoonfulSteve Boone, Joe Butler, John Sebastian, and Zal Yanovsky.[59]
2000The Moonglows 1956.jpgMoonglows, TheThe MoonglowsPrentiss Barnes, Harvey Fuqua, Peter Graves, Billy Johnson, and Bobby Lester.[59]
2000Bonnie Raitt at John Edwards presidential campaign.jpgRaitt, BonnieBonnie Raitt
2000James Taylor 1999.jpgTaylor, JamesJames Taylor
2001Left to right: Tom Hamilton (bass), Steven Tyler (vocals, percussion), Joey Kramer (drums), Brad Whitford (guitar), and Joe Perry (guitar)AerosmithTom Hamilton, Joey Kramer, Joe Perry, Steven Tyler, and Brad Whitford.[60]
2001Solomon Burke.jpgBurke, SolomonSolomon Burke
2001Flamingos, TheThe FlamingosJake Carey, Zeke Carey, Johnny Carter, Tommy Hunt, Terry "Buzzy" Johnson, Sollie McElroy, Nate Nelson, and Paul Wilson.[61]
2001Michael Jackson 1984.jpgJackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
2001Left to right: John Deacon (side), Freddie Mercury (front), Brian May (rear) and Roger Taylor (back)QueenJohn Deacon, Brian May, Freddie Mercury, and Roger Taylor.[62]
2001Paul Simon 2007.jpgSimon, PaulPaul Simon
2001Steely Dan - Donald Fagen - Luzern 2007.jpgSteely DanWalter Becker and Donald Fagen.[63]
2001Ritchie Valens Promotional Photo.jpgValens, RitchieRitchie Valens
2002Isaac hayes 1973.jpgHayes, IsaacIsaac Hayes
2002Brenda Lee 1977.JPGLee, BrendaBrenda Lee
2002Tom PettyTom Petty and the HeartbreakersTom Petty, Ron Blair, Mike Campbell, Howie Epstein, Stan Lynch, and Benmont Tench.[64]
2002Gene Pitney 1967.JPGPitney, GeneGene Pitney
2002The Ramones in 1980RamonesDee Dee Ramone, Joey Ramone, Johnny Ramone, Marky Ramone, and Tommy Ramone.[65]
2002Talking Heads band1.jpgTalking HeadsDavid Byrne, Chris Frantz, Jerry Harrison, and Tina Weymouth.[66]
2003Brian Johnson and Angus Young in 2008AC/DCBrian Johnson, Phil Rudd, Bon Scott, Cliff Williams, Angus Young, and Malcolm Young.[67]
2003The Clash in 1980Clash, TheThe ClashTerry Chimes, Topper Headon, Mick Jones, Paul Simonon, and Joe Strummer.[68]
2003Elvis CostelloElvis Costello & the AttractionsElvis Costello, Steve Nieve, Bruce Thomas, and Pete Thomas.[69]
2003The Police in 2007, left to right: Stewart Copeland, Sting, Andy SummersPolice, TheThe PoliceStewart Copeland, Sting, and Andy Summers.[70]
2003TheRighteousBrothersperformingKBF.jpgRighteous Brothers, TheThe Righteous BrothersBobby Hatfield and Bill Medley.[71]
2004Jackson Browne 2008.jpgBrowne, JacksonJackson Browne
2004The Dells.pngDells, TheThe DellsVerne Allison, Chuck Barksdale, Johnny Carter, Johnny Funches, Marvin Junior, and Michael McGill.[72]
2004George Harrison 1974 edited.jpgHarrison, GeorgeGeorge Harrison
2004Prince at Coachella 001.jpgPrince
2004Bob Seger crop.jpgSeger, BobBob Seger
2004Traffic 1973.jpgTrafficJim Capaldi, Dave Mason, Steve Winwood, and Chris Wood.[73]
2004ZZ Top Live.jpgZZ TopFrank Beard, Billy Gibbons, and Dusty Hill.[74]
2005BuddyGuyCrossroads2007.jpgGuy, BuddyBuddy Guy
2005The O'Jays-photo-by-raymond-boyd.jpgO'Jays, TheThe O'JaysEddie Levert, Bobby Massey, William Powell, Sammy Strain, and Walter Williams.[75]
2005Pretenders Dec 81.JPGPretendersMartin Chambers, Pete Farndon, James Honeyman-Scott, and Chrissie Hynde.[76]
2005Percy Sledge cropped.jpgSledge, PercyPercy Sledge
2005Left to right: The Edge, Larry Mullen, Bono and Adam ClaytonU2Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, and Larry Mullen, Jr..[77]
2006Left to right: Geezer Butler, Ozzy Osbourne, Tony Iommi, Bill WardBlack SabbathGeezer Butler, Tony Iommi, Ozzy Osbourne, and Bill Ward.[78]
2006Blondie head singer, Deborah HarryBlondieClem Burke, Jimmy Destri, Nigel Harrison, Debbie Harry, Frank Infante, Chris Stein, and Gary Valentine.[79]
2006Miles Davis 22.jpgDavis, MilesMiles Davis
2006Lynyrd 2008 (5).jpgLynyrd SkynyrdBob Burns, Allen Collins, Steve Gaines, Ed King, Billy Powell, Artimus Pyle, Gary Rossington, Ronnie Van Zant, and Leon Wilkeson.[80]
2006Sex Pistols in Paradiso.jpgSex PistolsPaul Cook, Steve Jones, Glen Matlock, Johnny Rotten, and Sid Vicious.[81]
2007Grandmaster IngenuityFest.jpgGrandmaster Flash and The Furious FiveGrandmaster Flash, Cowboy, Kidd Creole, Melle Mel, Rahiem, and Scorpio.[82]
2007Left to right: Mike Mills, Michael Stipe, touring drummer Bill Rieflin (not inducted with the band), and Peter Buck.R.E.M.Bill Berry, Peter Buck, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe.[83]
2007The Ronettes.JPGRonettes, TheThe RonettesEstelle Bennett, Ronnie Spector, and Nedra Talley.[84]
2007Patti Smith performing in Finland, 2007.jpgSmith, PattiPatti Smith
2007Van Halen in 2004, left to right: Michael Anthony, Sammy Hagar, Eddie Van HalenVan HalenMichael Anthony, Sammy Hagar, David Lee Roth, Alex Van Halen, and Eddie Van Halen.[85]
2008Dave Clark Five 1966.JPGDave Clark Five, TheThe Dave Clark FiveDave Clark, Lenny Davidson, Rick Huxley, Denis Payton, and Mike Smith.[86]
2008Leonard Cohen 2187-edited.jpgCohen, LeonardLeonard Cohen
2008Madonna performs "Ray of Light" in Sofia-2.JPGMadonna
2008Mellencamp sept2000.JPGMellencamp, JohnJohn Mellencamp
2008Ventures, TheThe VenturesBob Bogle, Nokie Edwards, Gerry McGee, Mel Taylor, and Don Wilson.[87]
2009JeffBeckCrossroads2007.jpgBeck, JeffJeff Beck
2009Imperials.jpgLittle Anthony and the ImperialsClarence Collins, Anthony Gourdine, Tracy Lord, Glouster "Nat" Rogers, Sammy Strain, and Ernest Wright Jr.[88]
2009Left to right: Kirk Hammett, Lars Ulrich, James Hetfield, Robert TrujilloMetallicaCliff Burton, Kirk Hammett, James Hetfield, Jason Newsted, Robert Trujillo, and Lars Ulrich.[89]
2009Run–D.M.C.Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels, Jason "Jam-Master Jay" Mizell, and Joseph "DJ Run" Simmons.[90]
2009Bobby Womack.jpgWomack, BobbyBobby Womack
2010ABBA members.pngABBABenny Andersson, Agnetha Fältskog, Anni-Frid Lyngstad, and Björn Ulvaeus.[91]
2010left to right: Daryl Stuermer, Mike Rutherford, Tony Banks, Phil CollinsGenesisTony Banks, Phil Collins, Peter Gabriel, Steve Hackett, and Mike Rutherford.[92]
2010JimmyCliff.jpgJimmy Cliff
2010Hollies.jpgHollies, TheThe HolliesBernie Calvert, Allan Clarke, Bobby Elliott, Eric Haydock, Tony Hicks, Graham Nash, and Terry Sylvester.[93]
2010Stooges Milan '06.jpgStooges, TheThe StoogesDave Alexander, Ron Asheton, Scott Asheton, Iggy Pop, and James Williamson.[94]
2011Lead singer Alice CooperAlice CooperAlice Cooper, Michael Bruce, Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, and Neal Smith.[95]
2011Neil Diamond 2.jpgDiamond, NeilNeil Diamond
201120060714 Dr. John in Vienne, France.jpgJohn, Dr.Dr. John
2011DarleneLove01.JPGLove, DarleneDarlene Love
2011Tom Waits 3.jpgWaits, TomTom Waits
2012Beastie-boys.jpgBeastie BoysMichael "Mike D" Diamond, Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz, and Adam "MCA" Yauch.[96]
2012The Blue Caps[N1]Backing band for Gene Vincent. Inducted: Tommy Facenda, Cliff Gallup, Dickie Harrell, Bobby Jones, Johnny Meeks, Jack Neal, Paul Peek, and Willie Williams.[97]
2012BillHaley.JPGThe Comets[N1]Backing band for Bill Haley. Inducted: Joey Ambrose, Franny Beecher, Danny Cedrone, Johnny Grande, Ralph Jones, Marshall Lytle, Rudy Pompilli, Al Rex, Dick Richards, and Billy Williamson.[98]
2012Buddy Holly and The Crickets 1957.JPGThe Crickets[N1]Backing band for Buddy Holly. Inducted: Jerry Allison, Sonny Curtis, Joe B. Mauldin, and Niki Sullivan.[99]
2012Donovan Washington 2007.jpgDonovan
2012The Famous Flames[N1]Backing group for James Brown. Inducted: Bobby Bennett, Bobby Byrd, Lloyd Stallworth, and Johnny Terry.[100]
2012Download Feastival 2006 -2.jpgGuns N' RosesSteven Adler, Duff McKagan, Dizzy Reed, Axl Rose, Slash, Matt Sorum and Izzy Stradlin.[101]
2012The Midnighters[N1]Backing group for Hank Ballard. Inducted: Henry Booth, Cal Green, Arthur Porter, Lawson Smith, Charles Sutton, Norman Thrasher, and Sonny Woods.[102]
2012The Miracles[N1]Backing group for Smokey Robinson. Inducted: Claudette Rogers, Bobby Rogers, Ronald White, Smokey Robinson, Marv Tarplin, and Pete Moore.[103]
2012Nyro, LauraLaura Nyro
2012Redhotchilipeppers.jpgRed Hot Chili PeppersFlea, John Frusciante, Jack Irons, Anthony Kiedis, Josh Klinghoffer, Cliff Martinez, Hillel Slovak, and Chad Smith.[104]
2012Small Faces/FacesKenney Jones, Ronnie Lane, Ian McLagan, Steve Marriott, Rod Stewart, and Ronnie Wood.[105]
2013Nancy and Ann WilsonHeartMichael DeRosier, Roger Fisher, Steve Fossen, Howard Leese, Ann Wilson, and Nancy Wilson.[106]
2013Albert King Liri Blues 1989.jpgAlbert King
2013RandyNewman nojhf May12008.jpgRandy Newman
2013PE at Vegoose 2007.jpgPublic EnemyWilliam "Flavor Flav" Drayton, Richard "Professor Griff" Griffin, Norman "Terminator X" Lee Rogers, and Carlton "Chuck D" Ridenhour.[107]
2013Rush-in-concert.jpgRushGeddy Lee, Alex Lifeson, and Neil Peart.[108]
2013Nobel Peace Price Concert 2009 Donna Summer3.jpgDonna Summer
2014Peter Gabriel Allan Warren.jpgPeter Gabriel
2014Hall & Oates.jpgHall & OatesDaryl Hall and John Oates.[109]
2014W0854-Hellfest2013 Kiss 69933.JPGKISSTo be announced
2014Nirvana around 1992.jpgNirvanaTo be announced
2014LindaRonstadtPerforming.jpgLinda Ronstadt
2014YusufIslam velvetgoldmine82.jpgCat Stevens

^ Note 1. These backing bands were inducted by a separate committee, and not by the ballot voting used for all other performer inductees.

Early influences[edit]

Woody Guthrie, inducted in 1988.
Louis Armstrong, inducted in 1990.
Pete Seeger, inducted in 1996.
Charles Brown, inducted in 1999.

Artists inducted into the early influences category are those "whose music predated rock and roll but had an impact on the evolution of rock and roll and inspired rock's leading artists."[2] Unlike the performers category, these inductees are selected by a committee. The full process is not transparent and it is unclear who comprises this selection committee.[2]

YearName
1986Rodgers, JimmieJimmie Rodgers
1986Yancey, JimmyJimmy Yancey
1986Johnson, RobertRobert Johnson
1987Jordan, LouisLouis Jordan
1987Walker, T-BoneT-Bone Walker
1987Williams, HankHank Williams
1988Guthrie, WoodyWoody Guthrie
1988Lead Belly
1988Les Paul
1989The Ink Spots[A]
1989Smith, BessieBessie Smith
1989The Soul Stirrers[B]
1990Armstrong, LouisLouis Armstrong
1990Rainey, MaMa Rainey
1991Howlin' Wolf
1992James, ElmoreElmore James
1992Longhair, ProfessorProfessor Longhair
1993Washington, DinahDinah Washington
1994Dixon, WillieWillie Dixon
1995Orioles, TheThe Orioles[C]
1996Seeger, PetePete Seeger
1997Jackson, MahaliaMahalia Jackson
1997Monroe, BillBill Monroe
1998Jelly Roll Morton
1999Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys[D]
1999Brown, CharlesCharles Brown
2000Nat King Cole
2000Holiday, BillieBillie Holiday
2009Jackson, WandaWanda Jackson
2012King, FreddieFreddie King

^ A. Inducted members: Bill Kenny, Charlie Fuqua, Deek Watson, and Orville "Hoppy" Jones.[110]
^ B. Inducted members: Roy Crain Sr., R. H. Harris, Jesse Farley, T.L. Bruster, James Medlock, Paul Foster, Johnnie Taylor, and Bob King.[111]
^ C. Inducted members: Sonny Til, Tommy Gaither, George Nelson, Johnny Reed, and Alexander Sharp.[112]
^ D. Inducted members: Bob Wills, Tommy Duncan, Johnny Gimble, Joe "Jody" Holley, Tiny Moore, Herb Remington, Eldon Shamblin, and Al Stricklin.[113]

Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award)[edit]

Carole King, inducted in 1990
Dick Clark, inducted in 1993
Clive Davis, inducted in 2000

The non-performer category honors "songwriters, producers, disc jockeys, record executives, journalists and other industry professionals who have had a major influence on the development of rock and roll."[2] Several of the inductees in this category were in fact prominent performers as well. The inductees in this category are selected by the same committee that chooses the early influences. The full process is not transparent and it is unclear who comprises this selection committee.[2] This category has been criticized for inducting those that have "been coming to the dinner for years and paying for their tickets" and not revealing their full criteria.[114] In 2008, this category was renamed the "Ahmet Ertegün Award".[115]

YearName
1986Freed, AlanAlan Freed
1986Phillips, SamSam Phillips
1987Chess, LeonardLeonard Chess
1987Ertegun, AhmetAhmet Ertegun
1987Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
1987Wexler, JerryJerry Wexler
1988Gordy, Jr., BerryBerry Gordy, Jr.
1989Spector, PhilPhil Spector
1990Gerry Goffin and Carole King
1990Holland–Dozier–Holland
1991Bartholomew, DaveDave Bartholomew
1991Bass, RalphRalph Bass
1992Fender, LeoLeo Fender
1992Graham, BillBill Graham
1992Pomus, DocDoc Pomus
1993Clark, DickDick Clark
1993Gabler, MiltMilt Gabler
1994Otis, JohnnyJohnny Otis
1995Ackerman, PaulPaul Ackerman
1996Donahue, TomTom Donahue
1997Nathan, SydSyd Nathan
1998Toussaint, AllenAllen Toussaint
1999Martin, GeorgeGeorge Martin
2000Davis, CliveClive Davis
2001Blackwell, ChrisChris Blackwell
2002Stewart, JimJim Stewart
2003Ostin, MoMo Ostin
2008Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff
2010Geffen, DavidDavid Geffen
2010Blackwell, OtisOtis Blackwell
2010Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich
2010Shuman, MortMort Shuman
2010Stone, JesseJesse Stone
2010Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
2011Holzman, JacJac Holzman
2011Rupe, ArtArt Rupe
2012Kirshner, DonDon Kirshner
2013Adler, LouLou Adler
2013Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones
2014Epstein, BrianBrian Epstein
2014Andrew Loog Oldham

Award for Musical Excellence[edit]

Leon Russell, inducted in 2011.

This category, which replaced sidemen, "honors those musicians, producers and others who have spent their careers out of the spotlight working with major artists on various parts of their recording and live careers."

YearName
2011Russell, LeonLeon Russell
2012Matassa, CosimoCosimo Matassa
2012Dowd, TomTom Dowd
2012Johns, GlynGlyn Johns
2014E Street Band

Sidemen[edit]

Established in 2000, the sidemen category "honors those musicians who have spent their careers out of the spotlight, performing as backup musicians for major artists on recording sessions and in concert." A separate committee, composed mainly of producers, chooses the inductees.[2] In 2010, the category was renamed to "Award for Musical Excellence". According to Joel Peresman, the president of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation, "This award gives us flexibility to dive into some things and recognize some people who might not ordinarily get recognized."[116]

James Burton, inducted in 2001.
YearNameInstrument
2000Blaine, HalHal BlaineDrums[117]
2000Curtis, KingKing CurtisSaxophone[118]
2000Jamerson, JamesJames JamersonBass guitar[119]
2000Moore, ScottyScotty MooreGuitar[120]
2000Palmer, EarlEarl PalmerDrums[121]
2001Burton, JamesJames BurtonGuitar[122]
2001Johnson, JohnnieJohnnie JohnsonPiano[123]
2002Atkins, ChetChet AtkinsGuitar[124]
2003Benjamin, BennyBenny BenjaminDrums[125]
2003Cramer, FloydFloyd CramerPiano[126]
2003Douglas, SteveSteve DouglasSaxophone[127]
2008Walter, LittleLittle WalterHarmonica[128]
2009Black, BillBill BlackBass guitar[129]
2009Fontana, D. J.D. J. FontanaDrums[130]
2009Oldham, SpoonerSpooner OldhamKeyboard[131]

Lifetime achievement[edit]

The following were inducted for "Lifetime Achievement in the Non-Performer Category."[2]

YearName
1986Hammond, JohnJohn Hammond
1991Ertegun, NesuhiNesuhi Ertegun
2004Wenner, JannJann Wenner
2005Barsalona, FrankFrank Barsalona
2005Stein, SeymourSeymour Stein
2006Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss

Multiple inductees[edit]

As of 2014, only nineteen performers have been inducted twice or more; eleven have been recognized as a solo artist and with a band and seven have been inducted with two separate bands. Eric Clapton is the only one to be inducted three times: as a solo artist, with The Yardbirds, and with Cream.[132] Clyde McPhatter was the first to ever be inducted twice and is one of three artists to be inducted first as a solo artist and then as a member of a band, the other artists being Neil Young and Rod Stewart. Stephen Stills is the only artist to be inducted twice in the same year. Crosby, Stills & Nash, inducted in 1997, is the only band to see all of its inducted members be inducted with other acts: David Crosby with The Byrds in 1991, Stephen Stills with Buffalo Springfield in 1997, and Graham Nash with The Hollies in 2010.

NameFirstYearSecondYearThirdYear
Eric Clapton 1.jpgClapton, EricEric ClaptonThe Yardbirds1992Cream1993Solo career2000
Jeff Beck EnmoreTheatre.jpgBeck, JeffJeff BeckThe Yardbirds1992Solo career2009
Carter, JohnnyJohnny CarterThe Flamingos2001The Dells2004
David Crosby 2012 2.jpgCrosby, DavidDavid CrosbyThe Byrds1991Crosby, Stills & Nash1997
Peter Gabriel Allan Warren.jpgGabriel, PeterPeter GabrielGenesis2010Solo career2014
George-Harrison-playing.jpgHarrison, GeorgeGeorge HarrisonThe Beatles1988Solo career2004
Michael Jackson 1984.jpgJackson, MichaelMichael JacksonThe Jackson Five1997Solo career2001
JohnLennonpeace.jpgLennon, JohnJohn LennonThe Beatles1988Solo career1994
Curtis Mayfield.pngMayfield, CurtisCurtis MayfieldThe Impressions1991Solo career1999
Paul McCartney BBC Electric Proms.jpgMcCartney, PaulPaul McCartneyThe Beatles1988Solo career1999
Clyde McPhatter 1959.JPGMcPhatter, ClydeClyde McPhatterSolo career1987The Drifters1988
Graham Nash Occupy Wall Street 2011.jpgNash, GrahamGraham NashCrosby, Stills & Nash1997The Hollies2010
Джимми Пэйдж.jpgPage, JimmyJimmy PageThe Yardbirds1992Led Zeppelin1995
Paul Simon 25-07-2008 1.jpgSimon, PaulPaul SimonSimon and Garfunkel1990Solo career2001
657105w.jpgStewart, RodRod StewartSolo career1994Faces2012
StephenStillsMay2007.jpgStills, StephenStephen StillsBuffalo Springfield1997Crosby, Stills & Nash1997
Sammy StrainThe O'Jays2005Little Anthony & The Imperials2009
Ron-Wood in CA.jpgWood, RonnieRonnie WoodThe Rolling Stones1989Faces2012
Ny-ottawa-jul-2006.jpgYoung, NeilNeil YoungSolo career1995Buffalo Springfield1997

References[edit]

General
Specific
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  69. ^ "Elvis Costello & the Attractions". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  70. ^ "The Police". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  71. ^ "The Righteous Brothers". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
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  118. ^ "King Curtis". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
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  124. ^ "Chet Atkins". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
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  126. ^ "Floyd Cramer". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
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  129. ^ "Bill Black". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  130. ^ "DJ Fontana". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
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External links[edit]