This is a list of notable people associated with the
Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, who have a Wikipedia page. The first part consists of individuals who are known to be or to have been Quakers continually from some point in their lives onward.
second part consists of individuals whose parents were Quakers or who were Quakers themselves at one time in their lives but then converted to another religion, formally or informally distanced themselves from the Society of Friends, or were disowned by their Friends Meeting. Quakers [edit ] A [edit ] Harry Albright (living), Swiss-born Canadian editor of , director of communications for The Friend FWCC. [1 ] Thomas Aldham, (c. 1616–1660), English Quaker instrumental in setting up the first meeting in the Doncaster area. [2 ] Horace Alexander, (1889–1989), English writer on India and friend of Gandhi. [3 ] William Allen, (1770–1843), English scientist, philanthropist, and abolitionist. [4 ] Edgar Anderson, (1897–1969), American botanist. [5 ] Charlotte Anley, (1796–1893), English novelist and writer [6 ] Susan B. Anthony, (1820–1906), American suffragist, abolitionist, and pioneer of feminism and civil rights. [7 ] Jan Arnow, (b. 1947), American writer and peace proponent. [8 ] Elizabeth Ashbridge, (1713–1755), English Quaker preacher and memoirist. [9 ] Ann Austin, (17th century), early English Quaker missionary. [10 ] Iwao Ayusawa, (1894–1972), Japanese diplomat. [11 ] B [edit ] Edmund Backhouse, (1824–1906), English banker and MP of Parliament for Darlington. [12 ] James Backhouse, (1794–1869), UK-born Australian botanist and missionary. [13 ] Edmund Bacon, (1910–2005), US architect. [14 ] Ernest Bader, (1890–1982), Swiss-born English businessman and philanthropist. [15 ] Eric Baker, (1920–1976), English co-founder of Amnesty International and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. [16 ] John Balaban, (b. 1943), American poet and translator. [17 ] Emily Greene Balch (1867–1961), American Nobel Peace Prize winner. [18 ] Chris Barber (1921–2012), British businessman and chairman of Oxfam [19 ] Robert Barclay, (1648–1690), Scottish theologian. [20 ] Geoffrey Barraclough, (1908–1984), English historian. [21 ] Bernard Barton, (1784–1849), English poet. [22 ] John Barton, (1755–1789), English abolitionist. [23 ] John Bartram, (1699–1777), American botanist. [24 ] William Bates (d. 1700), a founder of Newton Colony, the third English colony in West Jersey. [25 ] Helen Bayes (born 1944), UK-born Australian child rights activist, Director (2009-2012) of Silver Wattle Quaker Centre. [26 ] Joel Bean (1825–1914), American Quaker minister. [27 ] Anthony Benezet (1713–1784), American educator, abolitionist. [28 ] Caleb P. Bennett, (1758–1836), American soldier and politician. [29 ] Douglas C. Bennett, (b. 1946), American academic, president of Earlham College. [30 ] Lewis Benson, (1906–1986), American printer, expert in Early Quakerism, especially George Fox. [31 ] Albert Bigelow, (1906–1993), American nuclear weapons protester. [32 ] J. Brent Bill, (b. 1951), American recorded minister and writer on religion. [33 ] George Birkbeck, (1776–1841), an English founder of London Mechanics Institute, now Birkbeck, University of London. [34 ] Elise Boulding, (1920–2010), Norwegian-born American educator, sociologist, prominent in the 20th century peace research movement. [35 ] Kenneth E. Boulding, (1910–1993), English economist, educator, poet, and interdisciplinary philosopher. [36 ] Samuel Bownas, (1676–1753), English travelling minister and writer. [37 ] John Bowne, (1627–1695), English-born promoter of religious freedom in colonial America. [38 ] Sandra Boynton, (b. 1953), American writer, cartoonist and composer. [39 ] George Bradshaw, (1801–1853), English cartographer, printer, publisher, originator of the railway timetable. [40 ] John Bright, (1811–1889), English politician. [41 ] Edmund Wright Brooks(1834–1928), English philanthropist and cement maker. [42 ] Elizabeth Brown (1830–1899), English astronomer and meteorologist. [43 ] Moses Brown, (1738–1836), American industrialist and philanthropist. [44 ] Jocelyn Bell Burnell, (born 1943), Northern Irish astrophysicist. [45 ] Edward Burrough, (1634–1663), English member of the Valiant Sixty. [46 ] Smedley D. Butler (1881-1940), Major General in the United States Marine Corps and author of . War is a Racket Thomas S. Butler (1855–1928), US congressman. [47 ] Charles Roden Buxton (1875–1942), British member of Parliament. [48 ] C [edit ] George Cadbury, (1839–1922), English chocolatier. [49 ] Henry Cadbury, (1883–1974), US writer and chairman of the American Friends Service Committee. [50 ] John Cadbury, (1801–1889), English chocolatier. [49 ] Richard Tapper Cadbury, (1768–1860), English draper, abolitionist, philanthropist. [51 ] Thomas Carpenter (glassmaker), (1752-1847), A Fighting Quaker who served in the Revolutionary War & afterwards as a glassmaker. [52 ] Arthur Capper, (1865–1951), governor and US senator from Kansas. [53 ] Pierre Cérésole, (1879–1945), Swiss founder of Service Civil International. [54 ] Whittaker Chambers, (1901–1961), US ex-communist, ex-Soviet spy converted to Quakerism. [55 ] Henry Christy, (1810–1865), English banker, philanthropist and anthropologist. [56 ] Cyrus Clark, (fl. 1825–1863), English co-founder of C&J Clark, shoe manufacturers in Street, Somerset. [57 ] William Coddington, (1601–1678), first governor of Rhode Island. [58 ] Levi Coffin, (1798–1877), American abolitionist. [59 ] John S. Collins, (1837–1928), American land developer. [60 ] Peter Collinson FRS, (1694–1768), English botanist. [61 ] John Conard, (1773–1857), US politician nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker", buried in an Episcopal Church graveyard. [53 ] Anne Finch Conway, (1631–1679), English philosopher. [62 ] William Cooper, (1754–1809), founder of Cooperstown, NY and father of author James Fenimore Cooper. [63 ] James A. Corbett, (1933–2001), American human-rights campaigner. [64 ] Pit Corder, (1918–1990), English applied linguist. [65 ] Stephen Crisp, (1628–1692), English writer and registered Quaker minister, also in the Low Countries. [66 ] Joseph Crosfield, (1792–1844), English industrialist. [67 ] James Cudworth, (1817–1899), steam locomotive designer. [68 ] Adam Curle, (1916–2006), first professor of peace studies at the University of Bradford. [69 ] D [edit ] John Dalton, (1766–1844), English chemist. [70 ] Abraham Darby I, (1678–1717), English ironmaster. [71 ] Abraham Darby II, (1711–1763), English ironmaster. [72 ] Abraham Darby III, (1750–1791), English ironmaster. [73 ] Judi Dench, (b. 1934), English actress. [74 ] Philip Dennis, agriculture missionary to the Miami Nation. [75 ] Caleb Deschanel, (b. 1944), American cinematographer. [76 ] William Dewsbury, (1671–1688), English Quaker minister. [77 ] John Dickinson, (1732–1808), American lawyer and governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania. [78 ] Jonathan Dickinson, (1663–1722), Jamaican-born colonial American merchant and politician. [79 ] Richard Dillingham, (1823–1850), American abolitionist [80 ] Ambrose Dixon, (1619–1687), colonial American. [81 ] Edward Doubleday, (1811-1849), English entomologist and ornithologist. [82 ] Henry Doubleday (1808-1875), English entomologist and ornithologist. [83 ] Henry Doubleday (1810–1902), English scientist and horticulturalist. [84 ] Stephen Donaldson, (1946–1996), prison and GLBT activist. [85 ] Sue Doughty, (b. 1948), English politician. [86 ] Paul Douglas, (1892–1976), economist and US senator. [87 ] Margaret Drabble, (b. 1939), novelist. [88 ] Muriel Duckworth, (1908–2009), Canadian peace campaigner. [89 ] Cuthbert Dukes, (1890–1977), English physician and pathologist. [90 ] Robert Dunkin, (1761–1831), English businessman and patron of science. [91 ] Mary Dyer, (1611?–1660), colonial American religious martyr. [92 ] E [edit ] Solomon Eccles, (1618–1683), initially a composer, later a Quaker preacher [93 ] Arthur Stanley Eddington, (1882–1944), astrophysicist. [94 ] Paul Eddington (1927–1995), actor. [95 ] George Edmondson, (1798–1863), educator. [96 ] Fritz Eichenberg, (1901–1990), illustrator. [97 ] George Ellis, (b. 1939), Templeton Prize winning cosmologist. [98 ] Rowland Ellis, (1650–1731), Welsh Quaker leader. [99 ] Thomas Ellwood, (1639–1713), English religious writer. [100 ] Joshua Evans, (1731–1798), minister, journalist, and abolitionist from Haddonfield, NJ. [101 ] F [edit ] Chuck Fager, (b. 1942), American civil rights campaigner. [102 ] Margaret Fell, (1614–1702), English Quaker, one of the Valiant Sixty. [103 ] John Fenwick, (1618–1683), English founder of Fenwick's Colony, the first English settlement in West Jersey. [104 ] James Finlayson, (1772–1852), Scottish engineer prominent in Finland. [105 ] Mary Fisher, (1623–1698), English Quaker preacher. [106 ] Isabella Ford, (1855–1924), English feminist and socialist. [107 ] Edwin B. Forsythe, (1916–1984), representative for New Jersey. [53 ] Richard J. Foster, ecumenical leader and reformer, founder of Renovaré. [108 ] John Fothergill, (1712–1780), English Quaker physician, preacher and philanthropist. [105 ] Barclay Fox, (1817–1855), English diarist. [109 ] Caroline Fox, (1819–1871), English diarist. [110 ] George Fox, (1624–1691), founder of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). [111 ] Robert Were Fox I, (1754–1818), English businessman. [112 ] Robert Were Fox II (1789–1877), English geologist. [113 ] Samuel Fox, (1781–1868), English philanthropist and grocer. [114 ] Tom Fox (1951–2006), humanitarian worker with Christian Peacemaking teams, held captive and killed in Iraq. [115 ] Ursula Franklin, (b. 1921), German-born Canadian metallurgist and research physicist. [116 ] Francis Frith, (1822–1898), English photographer. [117 ] Christopher Fry, (1907–2005), English playwright. [118 ] Elizabeth Fry, (1780–1845), English prison reformer. [119 ] Joan Mary Fry (1862–1955), English relief worker and social reformer. [120 ] Joseph Fry (1777–1861), English tea dealer and an unsuccessful banker. [121 ] Margery Fry (1874–1958), English penal reformer and college principal. [122 ] G [edit ] Thomas Garrett, (1789–1871), American abolitionist. Charles Gilpin, (1815–1874), member of UK Parliament. [123 ] Rickman Godlee, (1849–1925), English surgeon and biographer. [124 ] George Graham, (1673–1751), English clockmaker, inventor, and member of the Royal Society. [125 ] Marion Greeves, (1894–1979), one of first two female members of the Senate of Northern Ireland. [126 ] Israel Gregg, (1775–1847), first captain of the steamboat Enterprise. [127 ] Stephen Grellet, (1773–1855), French-born American missionary. [128 ] Philip Gross, (b. 1952), English poet, novelist and playwright. [129 ] Edward Grubb, (1854–1939), English religious writer [130 ] Paul Grundy (living), is the founding President of Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative and [131 ] IBM's Global Director of Healthcare Transformation. Joseph John Gurney, (1788–1847), English banker, evangelical and abolitionist. [132 ] H [edit ] Elizabeth Haddon, (1680–1762), English-born founder of Haddonfield, NJ. [133 ] Sheila Hancock, (b. 1933), English comedian/actress. [134 ] Edmund Happold, (1930–1996), English engineer. [135 ] Jan de Hartog, (1914–2002), Dutch-born US playwright, novelist, and social critic. [136 ] Laura Smith Haviland, (1808–1898), American abolitionist and social reformer. [137 ] John Hickenlooper, (b. 1952), US politician. [138 ] Edward Hicks, (1780–1849), US painter and recorded Quaker minister. [139 ] Elias Hicks, (1748–1830), US Quaker minister, origin of the Hicksite Quaker schism of 1827 [140 ] Declan Hill, (living), Canadian journalist. [141 ] Gordon Hirabayashi, (1918-2012), US sociologist who defied World War II internment orders. Moved to Canada to teach in 1959 and remained there until his death. [142 ] John Hodgkin, (1766–1845), English grammarian and calligrapher. [143 ] John Hodgkin, (1800–1875), English barrister and Quaker preacher. [144 ] Thomas Hodgkin, (1798–1866), English physician, identifier of Hodgkin's lymphoma. [145 ] Thomas Hodgkin (1831 – 1913), British historian [146 ] Gerard Hoffnung, (1925–1959), English cartoonist, musician and humorist. [147 ] Christopher Holder, (c. 1631 – post-1676), English-born American Quaker evangelist. [148 ] David P. Holloway, (1809–1883), US representative from Indiana. [53 ] Rush D. Holt, Jr., (b. 1948), US congressman. [149 ] Elizabeth Hooton, (1600–1672), pioneer English preacher. [150 ] Herbert Hoover, (1874–1964), US president. [151 ] Johns Hopkins, (1795–1873), US philanthropist. [152 ] Francis Howgill, English preacher and writer. [153 ] Mary Howitt, (1799–1888), English poet, children's writer and translator. [154 ] William Howitt, (1792–1879), English writer and poet. [155 ] Charles Humphreys, (1714–1786), Continental Congressman. [53 ] John Hunn, (1849–1926), governor of Delaware. [156 ] Esther Hunt, (1751–1820), wife, mother and a leader in her Quaker faith on America's frontier. [157 ] John Hunt, (1712–1778), English-born minister, one of the "Virginia Exiles". [158 ] John Hunt, (1740–1824), minister and journalist from Moorestown, NJ. [159 ] J [edit ] K [edit ] Thomas R. Kelly, (1893–1941), missionary, educator, and spiritual writer. [162 ] Malachy Kilbride, (living), US peace and social justice campaigner. [163 ] Haven Kimmel, (b. 1965), American novelist and children's writer. [164 ] Ben Kingsley, (b. 1943), actor. [165 ] Anne Knight, (1792–1860), children's writer. [166 ] L [edit ] Benjamin Lay, (1681–1760), Quaker abolitionist. [167 ] Joseph Lancaster, (1778–1838), public education innovator. [168 ] John C. Lettsome, (1744–1815), English physician and founder of the Medical Society of London. [169 ] John Lilburne, (1614–1657), Leveller convert to Quakerism. Richard Lippincott, (1615–1683), an early settler of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. [170 ] Joseph Jackson Lister, (1786–1869), amateur British opticist and physicist and father of Joseph Lister. [171 ] Charles Lloyd (, (1662-1728), fr) Bersham Ironworks [172 ] Kathleen Lonsdale, (1903–1971), scientist [173 ] Raph Levien (living), free software author behind Ghostscript and Advogato. [174 ] M [edit ] Svetlana Sotiroff MacDonald, (born 1943), a Swiss-born Canadian lawyer and campaigner. [175 ] John Macmurray, (1891–1976), philosopher. [176 ] Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge, (b. 1952), South African health minister. [177 ] Elizabeth Magie, (1866–1948), inventor of . Monopoly [178 ] Ellen Marriage, (1865-1946), translator of Balzac. [179 ] Milton Mayer, (1908–1986), US journalist and writer. [180 ] James Michener, (1907–1997), US author. [181 ] Samuel Moore, (c. 1630-1688), early official in New Jersey. [182 ] Ethan Mordden, (1949- ), American writer. [183 ] Ruth Morris (1933 - 2001) Canadian advocate of the abolition of prisons. [184 ] Lucretia Mott, (1793–1880), American abolitionist and suffragist. [185 ] Rich Mullins, (1955–1997), American Christian singer and songwriter. [186 ] Lindley Murray, (1745–1826), author of Murray's English Reader. [187 ] Edward R. Murrow, (1908–1965), journalist. [188 ] N [edit ] James Nayler, (1618–1660), former soldier and member of the Valiant Sixty. [189 ] Russ Nelson, (b. 1958), US open source software developer. [190 ] Edmund Hort New, (1871–1931), English artist and illustrator. [191 ] Carrie Newcomer, (living), American singer-songwriter. [192 ] Sir George Newman, (1870–1948), British chief medical officer [193 ] Samuel Nicholas, (1744–1790), the first commandant of the United States Marine Corps. [194 ] Sally Nicholls, (b. 1983), English children's author. [195 ] Nitobe Inazō, (1862–1933), Japanese diplomat, educator, author. [196 ] Richard Nixon, (1913–1994), US President. [197 ] John Howard Nodal, (1831–1909), English journalist and dialectologist. [198 ] Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, (1889–1982), diplomat and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. [199 ] O [edit ] P [edit ] Parker Palmer, (b. 1939), US writer, teacher, and campaigner. [202 ] David Parlett, (b. 1939), English writer and games inventor. [203 ] Alice Paul, (1885–1977), US suffragist. [204 ] Edward Pease, (1767–1858), English railway owner. [205 ] Joseph Pease, (1799–1872), first Quaker member of the British Parliament. Isaac Penington, (1616–1679), early English Quaker. [206 ] William Penn, (1644–1718), English-born founder of Pennsylvania. [207 ] Herb Pennock, (1894-1948), American baseball player [208 ] Olive Pink, Australian botanical illustrator and campaigner for aboriginal rights. [209 ] Robert Pleasants, (1723–1801), American abolitionist and educator. [210 ] William Pollard, (1828–1893), English Quaker writer and minister. [211 ] Jacob Post (1774–1855), English religious writer. [212 ] Oliver Postgate, (1925–2008), English animator, creator of . Bagpuss [213 ] Gerald Priestland, BBC broadcaster [214 ] Edmond Privat, Swiss ambassador of Esperanto international language, journalist, historian university teacher. [215 ] Walter Pumphrey, (fl. 1678), English-born American farmer and carpenter. [216 ] William Pumphrey, (1817–1905), pioneer English photographer. [217 ] Q [edit ] R [edit ] Arthur Raistrick, (1896–1991), English conscientious objector, geologist, and industrial archaeologist. [219 ] Bonnie Raitt, (b. 1949), US singer and musician. [220 ] John Richardson, (1667-1753), English Quaker minister and autobiographer. [221 ] John Wigham Richardson, (1837–1908), English shipbuilder. [222 ] [223 ] Lewis Fry Richardson, (1881–1953), English mathematician and geophysicist. [224 ] Tom Robinson, (b. 1950), English rock musician and disc-jockey. [225 ] Joseph Rowntree, (1801–1859), chocolatier and educationist. [226 ] Bayard Rustin, (1912–1987), US civil rights leader. [227 ] S [edit ] Susanna M. Salter, (1860–1961), first woman mayor in the United States. [228 ] Clive Sansom, (1910–1981), English, then Tasmanian poet, playwright and educator. [229 ] Elizabeth Clare Scurfield, (b. 1950), English sinologist. [230 ] Andrea Seabrook, (born c. 1974), US journalist and broadcaster. [231 ] Ian Serraillier, (1912–1994), English novelist, poet and children's writer, joined the Society of Friends in 1939. [232 ] Anthony Sharp, (1643–1707), Dublin wool merchant [233 ] Isaac Sharp, (1681–1735), early New Jersey settler and landowner. [234 ] Philip Sherman, (1611–1687), English-born first secretary of state of Rhode Island. [235 ] Jeanmarie Simpson, (born 1959), US theatre artist and peace activist. [236 ] John Alexander Sinton, (1884–1956), Canadian-born UK physician, scientist, and winner of the Victoria Cross. [237 ] Joan Slonczewski, (b. 1956), US biologist and science fiction writer. [238 ] Joseph Southall, (1861–1944), painter and pacifist. [239 ] Lawrence Southwick, (c. 1600–1660), English-born American Quaker. [240 ] Cassandra Burnell Southwick, (c. 1600–1660), English-born American Quaker. [240 ] John Strettell, (1721–1786), English merchant. [241 ] Robert Strettell, (1693–1762), Irish-born US Quaker convert, early mayor of Philadelphia. [242 ] Joseph Sturge, (1793–1859), British abolitionist. [243 ] Donald Swann, (1923–1994), Welsh-born composer, musician and entertainer. [244 ] Noah Haynes Swayne, (1804–1884), US jurist and politician. [245 ] T [edit ] Heather Tanner, (1903–1993), English writer and peace campaigner. [246 ] Robin Tanner, (1904–1988), English artist, etcher and printmaker. [246 ] Joseph Taylor, (b. 1941), US winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics [247 ] Henry S. Taylor, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1986. [248 ] Valerie Taylor, (1913–1997), novelist. [249 ] Philip E. Thomas, (1776–1861) first president of the B&O Railroad (the first railroad in the US). [250 ] Thomas Tompion, (1639–1713), English clockmaker. [251 ] Peterson Toscano, (b. 1965), US actor, playwright and gay activist. [252 ] Connor Trinneer, (b. 1969), actor. [253 ] D. Elton Trueblood, (1900–1994), theologian. [254 ] Daniel Hack Tuke, (1827–1895), English physician and expert in mental illness. [255 ] James Hack Tuke, (1819–1896), English businessman and philanthropist in Ireland. [256 ] Henry Tuke, (1755–1814), English co-founder of the York Retreat. [257 ] Henry Scott Tuke, RA RWS (1858–1929), English visual artist; primarily a painter, but also a photographer. His most notable work was in the Impressionist style, and he is probably best known for his paintings of nude boys and young men. Samuel Tuke, (1784–1857), English philanthropist and campaigner for the mentally ill. [258 ] William Tuke, (1732–1822), English philanthropist and campaigner for the mentally ill. [259 ] James Turrell, (b. 1943), US artist. [260 ] Edward Burnett Tylor, (1832–1917), English anthropologist. [261 ] V [edit ] Elfrida Vipont (1902–1992), English novelist, school principal and Quaker activist. W [edit ] Priscilla Wakefield, (1751–1832), English educational writer and philanthropist [264 ] Mary Vaux Walcott, (1860–1940), US botanical artist. [265 ] George Washington Walker (1800–1859), English missionary in Australia. [266 ] Alfred Waterhouse, (1830–1905), English architect. [267 ] Robert Spence Watson, (1837–1911), English solicitor, reformer and writer. [268 ] Benjamin West, (1738–1820), US painter. [269 ] Jessamyn West, (1902–1984), US novelist. [270 ] Joseph Wharton, (1826–1909), US merchant, industrialist and philanthropist. [271 ] Daniel Wheeler, (1771–1840), English minister and missionary. [272 ] Barclay White, (1821–1906), US superintendent of Indian Affairs. [273 ] Dorothy White, (c. 1630–1686), English religious pamphleteer. [274 ] George Whitehead, (1636–1723), English Quaker lobbyist, preacher and writer John Greenleaf Whittier, (1807–1892), US poet. [275 ] John Richardson Wigham, (1829–1906), Scottish-born Irish inventor and lighthouse engineer. [276 ] John Wilbur, (1774–1856), prominent US Quaker minister and thinker. [277 ] Waldo Williams, (1904–1971), Welsh-language poet and pacifist. [278 ] Lillian Willoughby, (c. 1916–2009), US peace campaigner. [279 ] Anna Wing, (b. 1914), English actress. [280 ] Gerrard Winstanley, (1609–1676), English social and religious reformer. [281 ] Caspar Wistar, (1696–1752), German-born Pennsylvania glassmaker. [282 ] John Woolman, (1720–1772), American Quaker preacher and campaigner against slavery. [283 ] Thomas William Worsdell, (1838–1916), English steam locomotive engineer. [284 ] Wilson Worsdell, (1850–1920), English steam locomotive engineer. [284 ] Y [edit ] People with Quaker roots [edit ]
Individuals whose parents were Quakers or who were Quakers themselves at one time in their lives but then converted to another religion, formally or informally distanced themselves from the Society of Friends, or were disowned by their Friends Meeting.
Herbert W. Armstrong, (1892–1986), US founder of the Worldwide Church of God. [287 ] Kevin Bacon, (b. 1958), American actor of quaker extraction. [288 ] Joan Baez, (b. 1941), US folk singer and peace campaigner. [289 ] Morris Birkbeck, (1764–1825), farmer, writer, and promoter of emigration to Illinois [290 ] Daniel Boone, (1735–1820), American frontiersman. [291 ] Maria Louisa Bustill (1853–1904), American teacher, mother of Paul Robeson. [292 ] Smedley Butler (1881–1940), U.S. Marine and social activist. [293 ] Ilka Chase, (1900–1978), US actress and novelist. [294 ] Benjamin Chew, chief justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, became an Anglican in the 1750s. [295 ] Ezra Cornell, (1807–1874), American founder of Cornell University, expelled for marrying outside the faith. [296 ] Warder Cresson, (1798–1860), US campaigner, author, and convert to Judaism. [297 ] Emily Deschanel, (b. 1976), American actress and television producer of Quaker extraction. [76 ] Zooey Deschanel, (b. 1980), American actress and singer/songwriter/musician of Quaker extraction. [76 ] Nathan Dunn, (1782-1844), U.S. businessman and collector, disowned in 1816 while following Quaker ethics through further life Sarah Stickney Ellis, (1799–1872), writer on women's roles, became a Congregationalist. [298 ] Samuel Tertius Galton, (1783–1844), businessman and scientist, convert to Anglicanism. [299 ] Jesse Gause, (1785–1836), early American leader of Latter Day Saint movement. [300 ] Nathanael Greene, (1742 - 1786), a major general in the Continental Army, member of the Rhode Island General Assembly, third quartermaster general. Disowned by the Quakers in 1773. [301 ] Maria Hack, (1777–1844), educational writer and contributor to Isaac Crewdson controversy. [302 ] Sam Harris, (b. 1967), author of with a possibly lapsed Quaker father. The End of Faith [303 ] Jonathan Hazard, (1744–1824), US statesman and anti-federalist. [304 ] Louisa Gurney Hoare, (1784–1836), writer on education, convert to Anglicanism. [305 ] Thomas Hornor, (1767–1834), Canadian farmer and politician, expelled for freemasonry and joining a militia. [306 ] John Eliot Howard, (1807–1883), English chemist and developer of quinine. [307 ] Luke Howard, (1772–1864), English chemist and meteorologist, was involved in the [308 ] Beaconite Controversy over the place of the Scriptures and later became associated with the Plymouth Brethren. [309 ] Alfred Hunt, (1817–1888), American industrialist. [310 ] Eric Knight, (1897–1943), English-born novelist and children's writer, author of (1940). Lassie Come-Home [311 ] Lyndon LaRouche, (b. 1922), disowned in 1941. [312 ] [313 ] David Lean, (1908–1991), British film director. [314 ] Joseph Lister, (1827–1912), English surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery. [315 ] E. V. Lucas, (1868–1938) English writer. Dolley Madison, (1768–1849), first lady. [316 ] Dave Matthews, (b. 1967), musician. [317 ] Thomas Merton, (1915–1968). His mother was an American Quaker and he attended a couple meetings, but he was baptized and primarily raised as an Anglican. [318 ] Maria Mitchell, (1818–1889), one of the first women in astronomy. She retained ties to the Quakers, but became a Unitarian. [319 ] Thomas Paine (1737–1809). His father was a Quaker, but he was a non-religious deist. [320 ] Hilary Douglas Clark Pepler, (1878–1951), converted to Catholicism and founded The Guild of St Joseph and St Dominic. [321 ] Thomas Rickman, (1776–1841), an English architect and author, and a major figure in the Gothic Revival. Thomas 'Clio' Rickman, (1760–1834), political pamphleteer, and friend of Thomas Paine. Ned Rorem, (b. 1923), composer of art songs as well as a substantial work for organ, A Quaker Reader. [322 ] Anna Sewell (1820–1878), English children's writer, convert to Anglicanism in about 1838. [323 ] Hannah Whitall Smith, (1832–1911), US-born evangelical holiness preacher, suffragist and temperance campaigner. [324 ] Robert Pearsall Smith, (1827-1898), US-born leading figure in the UK Higher Life movement. In later life he began to entertain notions of spiritual wifery, was criticized, and eventually claimed to be a Buddhist. [325 ] [324 ] Satyananda Stokes, (1882–1946), raised a Quaker as "Samuel Evans Stokes, Jr.", but later converted to Hinduism. [326 ] Cheryl Tiegs, (b. 1947), American model, current religious status uncertain. [327 ] William Weeks, (1813–1900), architect and temporary convert to Mormonism. [328 ] Walt Whitman, (1819–1892), eminent American poet, born to Hicksite Quaker parents. See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ FWCC World Office; the Friend - Commentary< ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 30 September 2011. Subscription required. ^ Chmielewski, Wendy. "Horace Gundry Alexander - Papers, 1916-1983". Swarthmore College Peace Collection . Retrieved 2008-05-09. ^ Stoke Newington Quakers ^ Edgar Anderson: A Biographical Memoir ^ AustLit site. Retrieved 25 February 2014. ^ Harper, Ida Husted (1899). . Vol. 1. Indianapolis & Kansas City: The Bowen-Merrill Company. pp. 21–22 (n62–63 in electronic page field) The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony: including public addresses, her own letters and many from her contemporaries during fifty years . Retrieved 22 January 2010. Full text at Internet Archive. ^ Kentucky Community and Technical College System ^ University of North Carolina Press ^ New York Times: June 10, 1894 ^ Tokyo Quaker site ^ obituary, 8 June 1906, p. 3. The Times ^ Mary Bartram Trott, 'Backhouse, James (1794–1869)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 1 (Melbourne: MUP, 1966) pp. 45–6. ^ . New York Times death announcement, 18 October 2005 ^ ODNB article by John G. Corina, 'Bader, Ernest (1890–1982)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 . 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Retrieved 16 March 2009. ^ George Barnett Smith: The Life and Speeches of the Right Hon. John Bright, M.P., 2 vols,(1881). ^ : Edmund Wright Brooks p. 70 Milligan's Biographical Dictionary of British Quakers in Commerce and Industry ^ The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives From Ancient Times to mid-20th Century. Ogilvie, M. & Harvey, Joy., Editors. P.189. Consulted on 19-10-2012. ^ Moses Brown Papers. Retrieved 4 October 2011. ^ BBC Interview: Retrieved 4 October 2011. ^ Edward Burrough: A Memoir By William and Thomas Evans (London: Charles Gilpin, 1851) online edition. ^ Retrieved 4 October 2011. ^ Griffiths, C. V. J. "Buxton, Charles Roden". (online ed.). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/74568. 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The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1634–1635. Vol. I A-B. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society. ISBN 0-88082-110-8. ^ University of North Carolina ^ John Collins Biography, Miami Beach History. Retrieved 13 March 2008. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 5 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Lois Frankel: "Anne Finch, Viscountess Conway". In: A History of Women Philosophers, Vol. 3, (Kluwer, 1991) pp. 41–58. ^ James M. Banner, Jr., Cooper, William, from American National Biography, Oxford University Press, Inc., 2000 ^ Seven Obituaries = James Corbett ^ Davies, Alan. "Corder, Stephen Pit (1918–1990)". (online ed.). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/69741. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ ODNB entry:  Retrieved 15 September 2006. ^ Claus Bernet (2009). "Crosfield, Joseph". In Bautz, Traugott. (in German) Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) 30. Nordhausen: Bautz. cols. 218–220. ISBN 978-3-88309-478-6. ^ Marshall, John: A Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers (Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1978). ISBN 0-7153-7489-3 ^ University of Bradford obituary ^ John Rylands University Library ^ The Darby Dynasty ^ The Darby Dynasty page 2 ^ Ibid ^ The Guardian ^ Carter, Harvey Lewis. The Life and Times of Little Turtle ISBN 0-252-01318-2 pg 100-292 ^ a b c Caleb Deschanel talks about The Passion ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 5 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Delaware.gov profile ^ The Cambridge History of English and American Literature ^ Find-A-Grave ^ Delmarva Settlers site ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 5 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Darwin Online ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 5 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Moske, Jim (September 2000). (PDF). The Stephen Donaldson Papers, 1965-1996 New York Public Library Humanities and Social Sciences Library Manuscripts and Archives Division. pp. 4–5 . Retrieved 15 March 2008. ^ Sue Dough.org ^ Bowdoin.edu ^ British Council: Retrieved 5 October 2011. ^ Kerans, Marion Douglas: Muriel Duckworth: A Very Active Pacifist (Halifax, Nova Scotia: Fernwood Publishing, 1996). ISBN 1-895686-68-7 ^ Obituary. Retrieved 20 November 2012. ^ The West Briton, 19 August 1831, p. 2 death notices. ^ Mayflower Families ^ Pulver, Jeffrey (1927). . Ayer Publishing. p. 162. A Biographical Dictionary of Old English Music ISBN 0833728679. ; Pepys, Samuel (1895). . Brainard. p. 41. The diary of Samuel Pepys, Volume 13 ^ "Astrophysics and Mysticism: the life of Arthur Stanley Eddington" by Ian H Hutchinson of MIT ^ BBC Profile ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 11 May 2012. Pay-walled. ^ Interview with Fritz Eichenberg ^ Friends Journal ^ Welsh Biography Online ^ 1911 Encyclopedia ^ Joshua Evans Papers at Swarthmore ^ Quaker House: Retrieved 5 October 2011. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 5 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Shourds, Thomas (1876). "John Fenwick." History and genealogy of Fenwick's Colony, New Jersey. Bridgeton, New Jersey. pp. 3-17 ISBN 0-8063-0714-5 ^ a b ODNB article: Accessed 24 Dec 2007. Subscription required. ^ Claus Bernet (2002). "Fisher, Mary". In Bautz, Traugott. (in German) Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) 20. Nordhausen: Bautz. cols. 499–503. ISBN 3-88309-091-3. * Chapter 2 of David Murray-Rust’s History * Panels of the Quaker Tapestry * Essay on the Valiant Sixty * Referenced Biography (in German) ^ Hannam, June (2004). "Ford, Isabella Ormston (1855–1924)". ( Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press) . Retrieved 19 April 2010. ^ http://www.renovare.us/WHOWEARE/MinistryTeamandStaff/Renovar%C3%A9MinistryTeam/tabid/2367/Default.aspx ^ Fox, Robert Barclay (1979). ed. by Raymond Brett, ed. Barclay Fox's journal. London: Bell and Hyman. ISBN 0-7135-1865-0. ^ ODNB V. E. Chancellor, 'Fox, Caroline (1819–1871)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 13 June 2006 ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Edward H Milligan: The Biographical Dictionary of British Quakers in Commerce and Industry 1775-1920 (William Sessions Limited, 2007). ISBN 978-1-85072-367-7 ^ Citation required. Notes and links on the page do not supply the basic facts and dates given. ^ Lumley, Elizabeth, ed.: Canadian Who's Who 2008 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), p. 439. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ NYT obituary: Retrieved 6 October 2007. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Edward H. Milligan: , pp. 190–191. Milligan's Biographical Dictionary of British Quakers in Commerce and Industry ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Edward H Milligan . Sessions of York (2007). Biographical dictionary of British Quakers in commerce and industry, 1775-1920 ISBN 978-1-85072-367-7 ^ Obituary in The Times, 21 April 1925 p.19. ^ Royal Society fact sheet: Retrieved 9 October 2011. ^ Citation required for basic data. ^ "Captain Israel Gregg" ^ Webster University ^  ^ James Dudley: Life of Edward Grubb: 1854–1939: A Spiritual Pilgrimage (London: James Clark & Co., 1946). ^ "Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative". ^ Memoirs of Joseph John Gurney ^ A Hopkins Family History. ^ Film reference Hancock Biography accessed 9 March 2010 ^ Obituary: The Structural Engineer, Vol. 74, 6 February 1996, pp. 47-9. ^ C.Michale Curtis and J. Brent Bill: Imagination & Spirit: A Contemporary Quaker Reader, p. 152. ^ Haviland, Laura S.: A Woman's Life-Work, Labors and Experiences of Laura S. Haviland (Cincinnati: Waldron and Stowe, 1882). ^ Colorado state portal: Retrieved 10 October 2011. ^ Hicks, Edward: Memoirs of the Life and Religious Labors of Edward Hicks (Applewood Books, 2009). ISBN 1-4290-1885-2 ^ Wilbur, Henry W. (1910). . p. 192. The life and labors of Elias Hicks ^ Numerous press reports, see page. ^ American Friends Service Committee page on Hirabayashi: retrieved November 21, 2012. ^ ODNB entry by Thomas Hodgkin, rev. Helen Caroline Jones: Retrieved 27 August 2012. Pay-walled. ^ ODNB entry by Christopher Hilton: Retrieved 27 August 2012. Pay-walled. ^ ODNB entry by Amalia M. Kass: Retrieved 27 August 2012. Pay-walled. ^ ODNB- Article by G. H. Martin, Hodgkin, Thomas (1831–1913), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004, accessed 15 Nov 2006. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 11 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Biography by James Savage ^ Hamm, Thomas D. The Quakers in America. Columbia University Press, 2003, p. 160  ^ David Booy: Autobiographical Writings by Early Quaker Women (Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate Publishing), p. 62: "elizabeth+hooton"+"first+woman"+"quaker+minister"+1650&source=bl&ots=gyvx_fRd5V&sig=r2u9EwDmbLrRgI6drWLB-ALc2g0&hl=en&ei=z1Y6TYm4EsSRgQfc67G2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22elizabeth%20hooton%22%20%22first%20woman%22%20%22quaker%20minister%22%201650&f=false Retrieved 11 October 2011. ^ Retrieved 11 October 2011. ^ Obituary: Retrieved 11 October 2011. ^ Retrieved 11 October 2011. ^ ODNB entry by Susan Drain. Retrieved 31 October 2012. ^ ODNB entry by Peter Mandler. 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Subscription required. ^ Quaker Theology #8 Spring-Summer 2003: Retrieved 14 October 2011. ^ Obituary: Retrieved 14 October 2011. ^ New Jersey Historical Society, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, etc. (Newark, NJ, 1901). p. 324. ^ [Contemporary Authors, essay on Ethan Mordden, p. 1: "Religion: Member of the Religious Society of Friends"] ^ Quaker viewpoint of Ruth Morris (Quaker in the World website) ^ Smithsonian ^ Catholic portal: Retrieved 14 October 2011. ^ Tieken-Boon van Ostade, Ingrid (May 2010). "Lindley Murray". . Oxford University Press Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Retrieved 12 January 2011. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 14 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Harvard's Libraries and the Quaker Jesus ^ Quakers.org ^ David Cox. " " (Journal of the William Morris Society 3.1, Spring 1974: 3-7). Edmund New's Diary of a Visit to Kelmscott Manor ^ "Newcomer, Carrie". FolkLib Index . Retrieved 19 March 2008. ^ The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine ^ "Major Samuel Nicolas, Continental Marines c. 1744–1790". Destroyer History Foundation . Retrieved 3 March 2007. ^ Sally Nicholls, An interview.... Retrieved 28 February 2008. ^ Columbia University on a book he wrote ^ Nixon Library Foundation ^ ODNB entry by L. C. Mugglestone. Retrieved 31 October 2012. Pay-walled. ^ Nobel Biography ^ University of Toronto Library ^ Biography Index Number 101020970 ^ Augsburg College ^ Subject-related link: ; independent citation required. ^ Alice Paul Institute ^ Darlington, Quaker Photograph Albums ^ U of Penn copy of a Quaker work he wrote ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 19 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Vaccaro, Frank. "Herb Pennock". The Baseball Biography Project. Society for American Baseball Research . Retrieved September 8, 2012. ^ University of Tasmania Profile ^ “Robert Pleasants,” Special Collections Research Center ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 19 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ ODNB entry by Charlotte Fell-Smith, rev. K. D. Reynolds. Retrieved 31 October 2012. ^ "Oliver Postgate". Telegraph.co.uk (London: Telegraph Media Group). 9 December 2008 . Retrieved 9 December 2008. ^ Coming Home:an introduction to the Quakers ^ Swiss Quakers site ^ The page on the place does not source the information about Walter Pumphrey. Citation needed. ^ 'A witness lasting, faithful, true': the impact of photography on Quaker attitudes to portraiture, dissertation on Ben Beck's website ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 20 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ University of Bradford Library: The Elizabeth and Arthur Raistrick Collection ^ Rolling Stone bio ^ An Account of the Life of that ancient servant of Jesus Christ,John Richardson, giving a Relation of many of his Trials and Exercises in his Youth, and his Services in the Work of the Ministry, in England, Ireland, America, &c. (London: Luke Hinde, 1757). 4th e. (1791) online: Retrieved 29 September 2010., p. 1 ff. ^ Quakers, Jews, and Science ^ Quakers and Quakerism in Scotland: a bibliography ^ McTutor ^ Simmonds, Sylvie. "A Brief History Of Tom". TomRobinson.com. ^ A Quaker Business Man: The Life of Joseph Rowntree 1836-1925 By Anne Vernon ^ Bayard Rustin Film Project ^ Susanna Madora Salter-First Woman Mayor (Kansas Collection-Kansas Historical Quarterlies) ^ Aust Lit site: Retrieved 22 October 2011. ^ "Introducing QCEA's New Representatives". Around Europe No. 245. QCEA. September 2008 . Retrieved 6 November 2008. "Liz Scurfield: [..] In 1993 I began attending Quaker Meeting in London and became a member of Hampstead MM in 1995." ^ NRP site: Retrieved 22 October 2011. ^ ODNB entry by Mari Prichard. retrieved 22 July 2013. Pay-walled. ^ Clark, Peter and Gillespie, Raymond (2001). Two Capitals: London and Dublin, 1500-1840. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 234. ^ Greaves, Dublin's Merchant-Quaker: Anthony Sharp and the Community of Friends, 1643-1707, p. 25. ^ Anderson, Robert Charles: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1633. (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995). ISBN 978-0-88082-120-9. OCLC 42469253. ^ jeanmariesimpson.wordpress.com ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 22 October 2011. Subscription required. Citation needed for the assumption that he remained a Quaker in later life. ^ Higgins, Edward F. (18 October 2001), "Quaker Ethos as Science Praxis in Joan Slonczewski's A Door Into Ocean", Paper Presented at the International Science Fiction Conference ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 6 November 2011. Subscription required. ^ a b Savage, James: Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Vol. IV, p. 91. ^ The Fur Trade Revisited: selected papers of the sixth North American Fur Trade Conference, Mackinac Island, Michigan, 1991. Edited by Jennifer S. H. Brown, William John Eccles, and Donald P. Heldman, p. 39. Retrieved 5 June 2012. ^ Penn University archives: Retrieved 22 October 2011. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 22 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 22 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Johnson, Rossiter; John Howard Brown (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans 10. Boston: The Biographical Society. pp. s.v. Swain. OCLC 16845677. ^ a b Roscoe, Barley (2004). "Frederick Arthur "Robin" Tanner". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Retrieved 30 December 2010. ^ Nobel Autobiography ^ Encyclopedia Virginia site: Retrieved 23 October 2011. ^ Cornell News ^ Howard, George Washington (1873). "The Monumental City, Its Past History and Present Resources". J.D. Ehlers ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 22 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Bio ^ Trek Today. ^ New York Times obituary ^ Victorian Lunatics by Marlene Ann Arieno ^ Profile at Irish famine site ^ Quaker Tracts at USC ^ A Critical Dictionary of English Literature, and British and American By Samuel Austin Allibone (pg 2470) ^ BBC biography; University of York. ^ PBS ^ Biography on Pitt Rivers Museum website ^ Vallentine, Jo, and Jones, Peter D: Quakers in politics : pragmatism or principle (Alderley, Qld : The Religious Society of Friends, 1990). James Backhouse lecture 26. ISBN 0-909885-31-1 ^ Nobel biography: Retrieved 24 October 2011. ^ Carlyle, Edward Irving (1899). " Wakefield, Priscilla". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannia entry: Retrieved 24 October 2011. ^ Mary Bartram Trott (1967). "Walker, George Washington (1800 - 1859)". . Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2 MUP. pp. 562–563 . Retrieved 22 September 2007. ^ ODNB entry by Colin Cunningham: Retrieved 28 August 2012. Pay-walled. ^ Peter Corder: The Life of Robert Spence Watson' '(London: Headley Bros, 1914). ^ John Galt: The Life and Studies of Benjamin West, Esq. (1816). ^ "Jessamyn West (American writer) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com . Retrieved 29 November 2010. ^ "Joseph Wharton is Dead. Prominent Ironmaker Expires at Home in Philadelphia.". The New York Times, 12 January 1909, Tuesday. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 24 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ , 24 November 1906. The New York Times ^ Orlando Project: Retrieved 20 March 2012. ^ Wagenknecht, Edward. John Greenleaf Whittier: A Portrait in Paradox (New York: Oxford University Press, 1967). ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 24 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Claus Bernet (2010). "List of Quakers". In Bautz, Traugott. (in German) Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) 31. Nordhausen: Bautz. cols. 1479–1482. ISBN 978-3-88309-544-8. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 24 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Lillian Willoughby's obituary ^ Anna Wing at the Internet Movie Database ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 24 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Milton Rubincam: , The Wistar-Wister Family: A Pennsylvania Family's Contributions Toward American Cultural Development Pennsylvania History, Vol. 20, No. 2 (April 1953), 142-64. ^ Retrieved 24 October 2011. ^ a b Hill, Geoffrey: The Worsdells: A Quaker Engineering Dynasty (Transport Publishing Company, 1991). ISBN 0-86317-158-3. ^ Davis, William Watts Hart; Warren Smedley Ely, John Woolf Jordan (1905). . The Lewis Pub. Co. p. 83. History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania ISBN 0-8063-0641-6. ^ 1911 Encyclopedia ^ Armstrong's autobiography ^  ^ Garza, Hedda, 1999. Joan Baez (Hispanics of Achievement). Chelsea House Publications. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 29 January 2012 ^ Brown, Meredith Mason: Frontiersman (Louisiana State University Press, 2008) ISBN 978-0-8071-3356-9 ^ Robeson II, Paul. . The Undiscovered Paul Robeson: An Artist's Journey, 1898–1939 ^ "Major General Smedley D. Butler, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps . Retrieved 13 October 2007. ^ Ilka Chase at the Internet Movie Database ^ UPenn.edu ^ Cornell Sun ^ Jewish history.com ^ ODNB entry by H. S. Twycross-Martin. Retrieved 31 October 2012. Pay-walled. ^ Galton.org ^ BYU article ^ Georgia Encyclopedia ^ Rosemary Mitchell: Hack , Maria... Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004). Retrieved 4 October 2010. ^ Washington Post ^ ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 1 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online ^ The Royal Society ^ Royal Society databank. Retrieved 11 October 2011. ^ ODNB: Jim Burton, "Howard, Luke (1772–1864)" Retrieved 22 March 2014, pay-walled. ^ Bethlehem Globe-Times (28 March 1888), "Alfred Hunt, the well known president of the Bethlehem Iron Company dead." ^ ODNB entry by F. M. Leventhal: Retrieved 29 August 2012. Pay-walled. ^ LyndonLaRouche ^ GuideToRecords-body.ind ^ ODNB: Penultimate paragraph implies that he was not an active Quaker. Retrieved 30 December 2010. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 18 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ The Dolley Madison Project ^ CNN ^ The Seven Storey Mountain ^ Harvard Square Library ^ Thomas Paine Society ^ Catholic Authors ^ Ned Rorem's 1998 statements concerning his piece for organ "Quaker Reader". ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 22 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ a b Retrieved Nov. 20, 2013. ^ ODNB entry for Smith [née Whitall], Hannah: Retrieved 22 October 2011. Subscription required. ^ Tribune India ^ Time Magazine: The Tiegs family went to Quaker meetings on Sundays. ^ Mormon Historical Studies 3 (1): 73-90. External links [edit ]