List of Prime Ministers of Japan

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Shinzō Abe was appointed on 26 December 2012

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Japan, including those of the Empire of Japan, from when the first Japanese prime minister (in the modern sense), Itō Hirobumi, took office in 1885, until the present day. The office is currently held by Shinzō Abe.

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (administration number) and the second column counts individuals. For example, Fukuda Yasuo, is listed as the 58th individual to hold the office of prime minister, whilst his first cabinet is the 91st since Itō Hirobumi.

The Prime Ministers under the Meiji Constitution had a mandate from the Emperor. The "electoral mandates" shown are for the lower house of the Imperial Diet that was not constitutionally guaranteed to have any influence on the appointment of the Prime Minister.

Key[edit]

Military and non-partisan:

Meiji era liberals, conservative mainstream:

Prewar liberals:

Unified conservatives:

Modern era reformist conservatives, liberals, socialists:

Prime Ministers of the Empire of Japan (1868–1947)[edit]

Prime Ministers during the Meiji period (1868–1912)[edit]

Under the Meiji Emperor

Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical PartyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1Itō Hirobumi.jpgItō Hirobumi
伊藤 博文
Itō Hirobumi
(1841–1909)
22 December 188530 April 1888860None1. Itō I[1]
The first Prime Minister of the Empire of Japan.
2Kiyotaka Kuroda 2.jpgKuroda Kiyotaka
黑田 清隆
Kuroda Kiyotaka
(1840–1900)
30 April 188825 October 1889543None2. Kuroda[2]
Oversaw promulgation of the Meiji Constitution. Failed to secure revision of the unequal treaties; resigned.
Sanetomi Sanjo formal cropped.jpgSanjō Sanetomi
三條 實美
Sanjō Sanetomi
(1837–1891)
25 October 188924 December 188960NoneSanjō (interim)
Upon the resignation of Kuroda’s government, the Emperor only accepted Kuroda’s resignation and invited Sanjō to head the government for two more months. Today, however, Sanjō’s government is generally regarded as a continuation of Kuroda’s. Held concurrently by the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.
3Yamagata Aritomo.jpgYamagata Aritomo
山縣 有朋
Yamagata Aritomo
(1838–1922)
24 December 18896 May 1891498None3. Yamagata I1890[3]
4Masayoshi Matsukata suit.jpgMatsukata Masayoshi
松方 正義
Matsukata Masayoshi
(1835–1924)
6 May 18918 August 1892460None4. Matsukata I1892[4]
(1)Itō Hirobumi.jpgItō Hirobumi
伊藤 博文
Itō Hirobumi
(1841–1909)
8 August 189231 August 18961484None5. Itō IIMar. 1894
Sept. 1894
[1]
Resigned.
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kuroda Kiyotaka (黑田 清隆 Kuroda Kiyotaka) was the Acting Prime Minister.
(4)Masayoshi Matsukata suit.jpgMatsukata Masayoshi
松方 正義
Matsukata Masayoshi
(1835–1924)
18 September 189612 January 1898481None6. Matsukata II[4]
(1)Itō Hirobumi.jpgItō Hirobumi
伊藤 博文
Itō Hirobumi
(1841–1909)
12 January 189830 June 1898169None7. Itō IIIMar. 1898[1]
5Ōkuma Shigenobu.jpgŌkuma Shigenobu
大隈 重信
Ōkuma Shigenobu
(1838–1922)
30 June 18988 November 1898131Kenseitō8. Ōkuma ISept. 1898[5]
(3)Yamagata Aritomo.jpgYamagata Aritomo
山縣 有朋
Yamagata Aritomo
(1838–1922)
8 November 189819 October 1900710None9. Yamagata II[3]
(1)Itō Hirobumi.jpgItō Hirobumi
伊藤 博文
Itō Hirobumi
(1841–1909)
19 October 190010 May 1901203Rikken Seiyūkai10. Itō IV[1]
Resigned.
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Saionji Kinmochi (西園寺 公望 Saionji Kinmochi) was the Acting Prime Minister.
6Taro Katsura suit.jpgKatsura Tarō
桂 太郎
Katsura Tarō
(1848–1913)
2 June 19017 January 19061680None (Retired General)11. Katsura I1902
1903
1904
[6]
7PM Kinmochi Saionji cropped.jpgSaionji Kinmochi
西園寺 公望
Saionji Kinmochi
(1849–1940)
7 January 190614 July 1908919Rikken Seiyūkai12. Saionji I1908[7]
(6)Taro Katsura suit.jpgKatsura Tarō
桂 太郎
Katsura Tarō
(1848–1913)
14 July 190830 August 19111142None (Retired General)13. Katsura II[6]
(7)PM Kinmochi Saionji cropped.jpgSaionji Kinmochi
西園寺 公望
Saionji Kinmochi
(1849–1940)
30 August 191121 December 1912479Rikken Seiyūkai14. Saionji II1912[7]

Prime Ministers during the Taishō period (1912–1926)[edit]

Under the Taishō Emperor

Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical PartyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
(6)Taro Katsura suit.jpgKatsura Tarō
桂 太郎
Katsura Tarō
(1848–1913)
21 December 191220 February 191361None (Retired General)15. Katsura III[6]
8Gonbee Yamamoto later years cropped.jpgYamamoto Gonnohyōe
山本 權兵衛
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
(1852–1933)
20 February 191316 April 1914420Military (Navy)16. Yamamoto I[8]
(5)Ōkuma Shigenobu.jpgŌkuma Shigenobu
大隈 重信
Ōkuma Shigenobu
(1838–1922)
16 April 19149 October 1916907Rikken Dōshikai17. Ōkuma II1915[5]
9Masatake Terauchi uniform.jpgTerauchi Masatake
寺内 正毅
Terauchi Masatake
(1852–1919)
9 October 191629 September 1918720Military (Army)18. Terauchi1917[9]
10Takashi Hara posing cropped.jpgHara Takashi
原 敬
Hara Takashi
(1856–1921)
29 September 19184 November 19211132Rikken Seiyūkai19. Hara1920[10]
Assassinated.
During this interval, Foreign Minister Uchida Kosai (内田 康哉 Uchida Kōsai) was the Acting Prime Minister.
11Takahashi korekiyo giving an address cropped.jpgTakahashi Korekiyo
高橋 是清
Takahashi Korekiyo
(1854–1936)
13 November 192112 June 1922220Rikken Seiyūkai20. Takahashi[11]
12Admiral Kato Tomosaburo cropped.jpgKatō Tomosaburō
加藤 友三郎
Katō Tomosaburō
(1861–1923)
12 June 192224 August 1923438Military (Navy)21. Katō To.[12]
Died in office of natural causes.
During this interval, Foreign Minister Uchida Kosai (内田 康哉 Uchida Kōsai) was the Acting Prime Minister.
(8)Gonbee Yamamoto later years cropped.jpgYamamoto Gonnohyōe
山本 權兵衛
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
(1852–1933)
2 September 19237 January 1924125Military (Navy)22. Yamamoto II[8]
13Kiyoura Keigo.jpgKiyoura Keigo
清浦 奎吾
Kiyoura Keigo
(1850–1942)
7 January 192411 June 1924156None23. Kiyoura1924[13]
14Takaaki Kato suit.jpgKatō Takaaki
加藤 高明
Katō Takaaki
(1860–1926)
11 June 19242 August 1925596Kenseikai24. Katō Ta.[14]
2 August 192528 January 1926
Resigned after the “Grand Coalition of the Three Pro-Constitution Parties” collapsed. Katō was then reinvited by the Prince Regent to form a new government with his own party, Kenseitō. Today, however, his second term is generally regarded as continuation of his first. Died in office of natural causes.
During this interval, Interior Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō (若槻 禮次郎 Wakatsuki Reijirō) was the Acting Prime Minister.
15Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpgWakatsuki Reijirō
若槻 禮次郎
Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1866–1949)
30 January 192620 April 1927445Kenseikai25. Wakatsuki I[15]

Prime Ministers during the Shōwa period (1926–1947)[edit]

Under the Shōwa Emperor

Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical PartyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays
16Giichi Tanaka posing cropped.jpgTanaka Giichi
田中 義一
Tanaka Giichi
(1864–1929)
20 April 19272 July 1929804Rikken Seiyūkai26. Tanaka G.1928[16]
17Osachi Hamaguchi posing cropped.jpgOsachi Hamaguchi
濱口 雄幸
Hamaguchi Osachi
(1870–1931)
2 July 192914 April 1931651Rikken Minseitō27. Hamaguchi1930[17]
Incapacitated due to serious wound from assassination plot on 14 November 1930. Foreign Minister Kijūrō Shidehara served as Deputy Prime Minister until Hamaguchi’s return to the office on 10 March 1931.
(15)Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpgWakatsuki Reijirō
若槻 禮次郞
Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1866–1949)
14 April 193113 December 1931243Rikken Minseitō28. Wakatsuki II[15]
18Tsuyoshi Inukai facing left cropped.jpgInukai Tsuyoshi
犬養 毅
Inukai Tsuyoshi
(1855–1932)
13 December 193115 May 1932154Rikken Seiyūkai29. Inukai1932[18]
Assassinated.
During this interval, Finance Minister Takahashi Korekiyo (高橋 是淸 Takahashi Korekiyo) was the Acting Prime Minister.
19Makoto Saito 2.jpgSaitō Makoto
齋藤 實
Saitō Makoto
(1858–1936)
26 May 19328 July 1934773Military (Navy)30. Saitō[19]
20Keisuke Okada 2 cropped.jpgKeisuke Okada
岡田 啓介
Okada Keisuke
(1868–1952)
8 July 19349 March 1936610Military (Navy)31. Okada1936[20]
Thought to be killed by renegade soldiers during the February 26 Incident. Interior Minister Gotō Fumio served as Deputy Prime Minister until Okada was found alive on 28 February 1936.
21Kohki Hirota suit cropped.jpgKōki Hirota
廣田 弘毅
Hirota Kōki
(1878–1948)
9 March 19362 February 1937330None32. Hirota[21]
22Senjuro Hayashi suit.jpgSenjūrō Hayashi
林 銑十郞
Hayashi Senjūrō
(1876–1943)
2 February 19374 June 1937122Military (Army)33. Hayashi1937[22]
23Fumimaro konoe.jpgFumimaro Konoe
近衞 文麿
Konoe Fumimaro
(1891–1945)
4 June 19375 January 1939580None34. Konoe I[23]
24Kiichiro Hiranuma.jpgHiranuma Kiichirō
平沼 騏一郞
Hiranuma Kiichirō
(1867–1952)
5 January 193930 August 1939237None35. Hiranuma[24]
25Nobuyuki Abe formal.jpgNobuyuki Abe
阿部 信行
Abe Nobuyuki
(1875–1953)
30 August 193916 January 1940139Military (Army)36. Abe N.[25]
26Yonai Mitsumasa cropped.jpgMitsumasa Yonai
米内 光政
Yonai Mitsumasa
(1880–1948)
16 January 194022 July 1940188Military (Navy)37. Yonai[26]
(23)Fumimaro konoe.jpgFumimaro Konoe
近衞 文麿
Konoe Fumimaro
(1891–1945)
22 July 194018 July 1941453Taisei Yokusankai38. Konoe II[23]
18 July 194118 October 194139. Konoe III
27Hideki Tojo uniform.jpgHideki Tōjō
東條 英機
Tōjō Hideki
(1884–1948)
18 October 194122 July 19441008Military (Army)40. Tōjō1942[27]
28Kuniaki Koiso.jpgKuniaki Koiso
小磯 國昭
Koiso Kuniaki
(1880–1950)
22 July 19447 April 1945259Military (Army)41. Koiso[28]
29Kantaro Suzuki suit cropped.jpgKantarō Suzuki
鈴木 貫太郞
Suzuki Kantarō
(1868–1948)
7 April 194517 August 1945132None42. Suzuki K.[29]
30HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni.jpgHigashikuni no miya Naruhiko ō
東久邇宮 稔彦王
Higashikuni no miya Naruhiko ō
(1887–1990)
17 August 19459 October 194553Imperial Family43. Higashikuni no miya[30]
The only member of the Imperial Family to serve as Prime Minister.
31Kijuro Shidehara.jpgKijūrō Shidehara
幣原 喜重郞
Shidehara Kijūrō
(1872–1951)
9 October 194522 May 1946225Progressive
Shinpotō
44. Shidehara1946[31]
32Shigeru Yoshida smiling2.jpgShigeru Yoshida
吉田 茂
Yoshida Shigeru
(1878–1967)
22 May 194624 May 1947367Liberal
Jiyūtō
45. Yoshida I[32]

Prime Ministers of the State of Japan (1947–present)[edit]

Prime Ministers during the Shōwa period (1947–1989)[edit]

Under the Shōwa Emperor

Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical PartyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDaysGen.Coun.
33Tetsu Katayama.jpgTetsu Katayama
片山 哲
Katayama Tetsu
(1887–1978)
Rep for Kanagawa 3rd
24 May 194710 March 1948291JSP
Nihon Shakaitō
46. Katayama
JSPDPPCP
19471947[33]
Under Allied Occupation. The first Prime Minister and the first socialist to serve as Prime Minister of Japan. Member of Diet from 1930 to 1963. Formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party and the People's Cooperative Party.
34Hitoshi Ashida.jpgHitoshi Ashida
芦田 均
Ashida Hitoshi
(1887–1959)
Rep for Kyōto 2nd
10 March 194815 October 1948219DP
Minshutō
47. Ashida
DPJSPPCP
[34]
Under Allied Occupation. Ashida's cabinet resigned after seven months in office, due to alleged ministerial corruption in the Showa Electric scandal.
(32)Shigeru Yoshida smiling2.jpgShigeru Yoshida
吉田 茂
Yoshida Shigeru
(1878–1967)
Rep for Kōchi At-large
15 October 194816 February 19492247DLP
Minshu Jiyūtō
48. Yoshida II
DLP
[32]
16 February 194930 October 1952Liberal
Jiyūtō
49. Yoshida III
(Reshuffle 1 · 2 · 3)
DLP/Lib.DP
19491950
30 October 195221 May 195350. Yoshida IV
Liberal
1952
21 May 195310 December 195451. Yoshida V
Liberal
19531953
Under Allied Occupation until the Treaty of San Francisco came into force on 28 April 1952. Developed the Yoshida Doctrine, prioritising economic development and reliance on United States military protection.
35Hatoyama Ichirō.jpgIchirō Hatoyama
鳩山 一郎
Hatoyama Ichirō
(1883–1959)
Rep for Tokyo 1st
10 December 195419 March 1955744JDP
Nihon Minshutō
52. Hatoyama I. I
JDP
[35]
19 March 195522 November 195553. Hatoyama I. II
JDP
1955
22 November 195523 December 1956LDP
Jimintō
54. Hatoyama I. III
LDP
Rebuilt diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union. Favored parole for some of the Class A war criminals who had been sentenced to life imprisonment at the Tokyo Trial.
36Tanzan Ishibashi.jpgTanzan Ishibashi
石橋 湛山
Ishibashi Tanzan
(1884–1973)
Rep for Shizuoka 2nd
23 December 195625 February 195764LDP
Jimintō
55. Ishibashi
LDP
1956[36]
Incapacitated due to minor stroke on 31 January 1957. Foreign Minister Kishi Nobusuke served as Deputy Prime Minister until 25 February 1957.
37Nobusuke Kishi Dec 14, 1956.jpgNobusuke Kishi
岸 信介
Kishi Nobusuke
(1896–1987)
Rep for Yamaguchi 1st
25 February 195712 June 19581240LDP
Jimintō
56. Kishi I
(Reshuffle)
LDP
[37]
12 June 195819 July 196057. Kishi II
(Reshuffle)
LDP
19581959
38Hayato Ikeda.jpgHayato Ikeda
池田 勇人
Ikeda Hayato
(1899–1965)
Rep for Hiroshima 2nd
19 July 19608 December 19601574LDP
Jimintō
58. Ikeda I
LDP
[38]
8 December 19609 December 196359. Ikeda II
(Reshuffle 1 · 2 · 3)
LDP
19601962
9 December 19639 November 196460. Ikeda III
(Reshuffle)
LDP
1963
39Eisaku Sato 01.jpgEisaku Satō
佐藤 榮作
Satō Eisaku
(1901–1975)
Rep for Yamaguchi 2nd
9 November 196417 February 19672797LDP
Jimintō
61. Satō I
(Reshuffle 1 · 2 · 3)
LDP
1965[39]
17 February 196714 January 197062. Satō II
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
LDP
19671968
14 January 19707 July 197263. Satō III
(Reshuffle)
19691971
40Tanaka Cropped.jpgKakuei Tanaka
田中 角榮
Tanaka Kakuei
(1918–1993)
Rep for Niigata 3rd
7 July 197222 December 1972885LDP
Jimintō
64. Tanaka K. I
LDP
[40]
22 December 19729 December 197465. Tanaka K. II
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
LDP
1972
41Takeo Miki Small.jpgTakeo Miki
三木 武夫
Miki Takeo
(1907–1988)
Rep for Tokushima At-large
9 December 197424 December 1976746LDP
Jimintō
66. Miki
(Reshuffle)
LDP
1974[41]
42Takeo Fukuda 1977.jpgTakeo Fukuda
福田 赳夫
Fukuda Takeo
(1905–1995)
Rep for Gunma 3rd
24 December 19767 December 1978713LDP
Jimintō
67. Fukuda T.
(Reshuffle)
LDP
19761977[42]
43Masayoshi Ohira at Andrews AFB 1 Jan 1980 walking cropped 2.jpgMasayoshi Ōhira
大平 正芳
Ōhira Masayoshi
(1910–1980)
Rep for Kagawa 2nd
7 December 19789 November 1979553LDP
Jimintō
68. Ōhira I
LDP
[43]
9 November 197912 June 198069. Ōhira II
LDP
1979
Died in office of natural causes.
During this interval, Chief Cabinet Secretary Masayoshi Ito (伊東 正義 Itō Masayoshi) was the Acting Prime Minister.
44Suzuki Zenko small.jpgZenkō Suzuki
鈴木 善幸
Suzuki Zenkō
(1911–2004)
Rep for Iwate 1st
17 July 198027 November 1982863LDP
Jimintō
70. Suzuki Z.
(Reshuffle)
LDP
19801980[44]
45Yasuhiro Nakasone in Andrews cropped.jpgYasuhiro Nakasone
中曽根 康弘
Nakasone Yasuhiro
(1918– )
Rep for Gunma 3rd
27 November 198227 December 19831805LDP
Jimintō
71. Nakasone I
LDP
[45]
27 December 198322 July 198672. Nakasone II
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
LDPNLC
19831983
22 July 19866 November 198773. Nakasone III
LDP
19861986
46Takeshita very small.jpgNoboru Takeshita
竹下 登
Takeshita Noboru
(1924–2000)
Rep for Shimane At-large
6 November 19873 June 1989575LDP
Jimintō
74. Takeshita
(Reshuffle)
LDP
[46]

Prime Ministers during the Heisei period (1989–present)[edit]

Under Emperor Akihito

Prime MinisterTerm of officePolitical PartyGovernmentElectedRef
PortraitNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDaysGen.Coun.
47Sosuke Uno 1977.pngSōsuke Uno
宇野 宗佑
Uno Sōsuke
(1922–1998)
Rep for Shiga At-large
3 June 198910 August 198968LDP
Jimintō
75. Uno
LDP
1989[47]
Soon after he was elected Prime Minister, allegations arose that he had an extramarital relationship with a geisha, which damaged his reputation and his party's bad performance in the 1989 House of Councillors election, for which he resigned. He died in 1998. Served as Minister of Defense (1974), Chief of the Science and Technology Agency (1976–1977), Chief of the Civil Administration Agency (1979–1980), Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (1983), and Minister for Foreign Affairs (1987–1989). Member of the Diet from 1960 to 1996.
48Toshiki Kaifu 1991.jpgToshiki Kaifu
海部 俊樹
Kaifu Toshiki
(1931– )
Rep for Aichi 3rd
10 August 198928 February 1990817LDP
Jimintō
76. Kaifu I
LDP
[48]
28 February 19905 November 199177. Kaifu II
(Reshuffle)
LDP
1990
Defeated in 2009, he was the longest-serving member of the lower house of the Diet, and he was also the first former prime minister to be defeated at a re-election since 1963. Served as Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary (1974–1976), Minister of Education (1976–1977, 1985–1986). Member of the Diet from 1960 to 2009.
49Kiichi.jpgKiichi Miyazawa
宮澤 喜一
Miyazawa Kiichi
(1919–2007)
Rep for Hiroshima 3rd
5 November 19919 August 1993643LDP
Jimintō
78. Kiichi
(Reshuffle)
LDP
1992[49]
Originally a bureaucrat in the Treasury Ministry, he accompanied Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida at the Treaty of San Francisco. A firm critic of the revision of the constitution, he advocated peace throughout his political career. After his party's stunning defeat in the 1993 general election, he was forced to resign the Prime Ministership, but became Minister of Finance in the cabinet of Keizo Obuchi and Yoshiro Mori from 1998 to 2001. He died in 2007. Served as Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (1962–1964, 1966–1968, 1970–1971, 1977–1978), Chief Cabinet Secretary (1980–1982), Minister of Finance (1986–1988), Minister of Posts and Telecommunications (1993) and Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (1993). Member of the House of Councillors (1952–1965). Member of the House of Representatives (1967–2003).
50Morihiro Hosokawa 2014.jpgMorihiro Hosokawa
細川 護熙
Hosokawa Morihiro
(1938– )
Rep for Kumamoto 1st
9 August 199328 April 1994262JNP
Nihon Shintō
79. Hosokawa
JNPJSPJRPKomeitōNPSDSP–SDF
1993[50]
He is a member of a noble family that ruled Kumamoto since Medieval times, and during Imperial Japan, his family was part of the aristocracy, his grandfather Konoe Fumimaro having served as Prime Minister (1937–1939, 1940–1941). Originally member of the Liberal Democratic Party, he left the party in 1992 to form the Japan New Party, which garnered 35 members in the 1993 general election. He served as Prime Minister in 8-party coalition government and spearheaded a reform to changed the electoral system. He resigned after allegations arose that he had misused personal funds in the 1980s. Served as Governor of Kumamoto Prefecture (1983–1991). Member of the House of Councilors from 1971 to 1983 and 1992 to 1993. Member of the House of Representatives from 1993 to 1998.
51Goshichi no kiri.svgTsutomu Hata
羽田 孜
Hata Tsutomu
(1935– )
Rep for Nagano 2nd
28 April 199430 June 199463JRP
Shinseitō
80. Hata
JRPJNPJSPSDP–SDF–KomeitōNPS
[51]
Originally member of the Liberal Democratic Party, he left the party in 1993 with Ichirō Ozawa to establish the Japan Renewal Party, which garnered 44 seats in the 1993 general election. He served as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Morihiro Hosokawa, until the latter resigned after his implication in a banking scandal. Hata then assumed the Prime Ministership, but since the Socialist Party had left the coalition, his minority government was forced to resign in two months as a non-confidence motion against his cabinet was submitted to the House of Representatives. Currently a member of the Democratic Party of Japan, he is now one of the elder politicians of the party. Served as Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (1985–1986, 1988–1989), Minister of Finance (1991–1992), and Minister for Foreign Affairs. Member of the Diet from 1969 to 2012.
52Murayama Tomiichi 1-1.jpgTomiichi Murayama
村山 富市
Murayama Tomiichi
(1924– )
Rep for Ōita 1st
30 June 199411 January 1996560JSP
Nihon Shakaitō
81. Murayama
(Reshuffle)
JSPLDPNPS
1995[52]
Presided over a coalition that consisted of the Liberal Democratic Party, the Socialist Party, and the New Party Sakigake. During his tenure, the Great Hanshin earthquake erupted and a Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway occurred that left 13 dead. He resigned after his party suffered defeat in the 1996 general election. Served as General Secretary of the Socialist Party. Member of the Diet from 1972 to 2000.
53Hashimoto Ryūtarō.jpgRyūtarō Hashimoto
橋本 龍太郎
Hashimoto Ryūtarō
(1937–2006)
Rep for Okayama 4th
11 January 19967 November 1996931LDP
Jimintō
82. Hashimoto I
LDPJSPNPS
[53]
7 November 199630 July 199883. Hashimoto II
(Reshuffle)
LDPJSPNPS
19961998
He spearheaded widespread reforms during his tenure, including reforms to restructure the health, finance, and the bureaucratic system. He resigned after his party suffered massive defeat in the 1998 House of Councilors Election. He died in 2006. Served as Minister of Health (1978–1979), Minister of Transportation (1986–1987), Minister of Finance (1989–1991), Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (1994–1996). Member of the Diet from 1963 to 2005.
54Keizo Obuchi cropped 2.jpgKeizō Obuchi
小渕 恵三
Obuchi Keizō
(1937–2000)
Rep for Gunma 5th
30 July 19985 April 2000615LDP
Jimintō
84. Obuchi
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
LDP–(Lib.NKP)
[54]
His government was credited with stimulating the economy after a depression caused by the bubble crash. After suffering from a stroke, he fell into a coma on 3 April, and died on 14 May 2000. Chief Cabinet Secretary Aoki Mikio served as Deputy Prime Minister until 5 April. Served as Chief of the Okinawa Development Agency (1979–1980), Minister of the Prime Minister's Office (1979–1980), Chief Cabinet Secretary (1987–1989), and Minister for Foreign Affairs (1997–1998). Member of the Diet from 1963 to 2000.
55Mori Yoshirō.jpgYoshirō Mori
森 喜朗
Mori Yoshirō
(1937– )
Rep for Ishikawa 2nd
5 April 20004 July 2000386LDP
Jimintō
85. Mori I
LDPNKPNCP
[55]
4 July 200026 April 200186. Mori II
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
LDPNKPNCP
2000
His appointment was decided after a secret meeting by major power brokers within the Liberal Democratic Party after the unexpected death of Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi. His gaffes and his government's low legitimacy was detrimental to his government's approval ratings, for which he resigned in 2001. Served as Minister of Education (1983–1984), Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (1992–1993), Minister of Construction (1995–1996). Member of the Diet from 1969 to 2012.
56Koizumi 2010 cropped.pngJunichirō Koizumi
小泉 純一郎
Koizumi Jun'ichirō
(1942– )
Rep for Kanagawa 11th
26 April 200119 November 20031979LDP
Jimintō
87. Koizumi I
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
LDPNKPNCP
2001[56]
19 November 200321 September 200588. Koizumi II
(Reshuffle)
LDPNKP
20032004
21 September 200526 September 200689. Koizumi III
(Reshuffle)
LDPNKP
2005
Resigned due to term limits of the Presidency of the Liberal Democratic Party. Served as Vice Minister of Finance (1979), Minister of Health and Welfare (1988–1989), Minister of Posts and Telecommunications (1992), Minister of Health and Welfare (1996–1998), and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2002). Member of Diet from 1972 to 2009.
57Abe Shinzō.jpgShinzō Abe
安倍 晋三
Abe Shinzō
(1954– )
Rep for Yamaguchi 4th
26 September 200626 September 2007365LDP
Jimintō
90. Abe S. I
(Reshuffle)
LDPNKP
2007[57]
Resigned after suffering from low approval ratings and poor health. Served as Chief Cabinet Secretary (2005–2006). Member of Diet since 1993.
58Yasuo Fukuda 26 April 2008.pngYasuo Fukuda
福田 康夫
Fukuda Yasuo
(1936– )
Rep for Gunma 4th
26 September 200724 September 2008364LDP
Jimintō
91. Fukuda Y.
(Reshuffle)
LDPNKP
[58]
Resigned after asserting the need to improve the flow of the political process. Served as Minister for Okinawa Development (2000), Chief Cabinet Secretary (2000–2004), and Minister of State for Gender Equality and Social Affairs (2001–2004). Member of Diet from 1990 to 2012.
59Aso Taro 1-2.jpgTarō Asō
麻生 太郎
Asō Tarō
(1940– )
Rep for Fukuoka 8th
24 September 200816 September 2009357LDP
Jimintō
92. Asō
LDPNKP
[59]
Resigned after the 2009 general election to accept the responsibility for the worst defeat of the history of the Liberal Democratic Party. Served as Director of Economic Planning Agency (1996–1997), Minister in charge of Economic and Financial Policies (2001), Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications (2003–2005), and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2005–2007). Member of Diet since 1979.
60Hatoyama Yukio 1-3.jpgYukio Hatoyama
鳩山 由紀夫
Hatoyama Yukio
(1947– )
Rep for Hokkaido 9th
16 September 20098 June 2010265DPJ
Minshutō
93. Hatoyama Y.
DPJSDPPNP
2009[60]
Won a majority in the 2009 general election defeating Tarō Asō (LDP). Resigned after public uproar was spurred after he broke a campaign promise to close Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Okinawa Prefecture. Member of Diet from 1986 to 2012.
61Naoto Kan cropped 3 Naoto Kan 2 20110129.jpgNaoto Kan
菅 直人
Kan Naoto
(1946– )
Rep for Tokyo 18th
8 June 20102 September 2011451DPJ
Minshutō
94. Kan
(Reshuffle 1 · 2)
DPJPNP
2010[61]
Resigned due to poor approval rate and handling of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Served as Minister of Health and Welfare (1996), Deputy Prime Minister of Japan (2009–2010), Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy (2009–2010), Minister of State in charge of National Strategy (2009–2010), Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy (2009–2010), and Minister of Finance (2010). Member of Diet since 1980.
62Yoshihiko Noda-3.jpgYoshihiko Noda
野田 佳彦
Noda Yoshihiko
(1957– )
Rep for Chiba 4th
2 September 201126 December 2012481DPJ
Minshutō
95. Noda
(Reshuffle 1 · 2 · 3)
DPJPNP
[62]
Resigned after the 2012 general election to accept the responsibility for the defeat of the Democratic Party. Served as Senior Vice Minister of Finance (2009–2010) and Minister of Finance (2010–2011). Member of Diet since 1993.
(57)Shinzo Abe cropped.JPGShinzō Abe
安倍 晋三
Abe Shinzō
(1954– )
Rep for Yamaguchi 4th
26 December 2012Incumbent485LDP
Jimintō
96. Abe S. II
LDPNKP
20122013[57]
Current Prime Minister of Japan, and first to serve non-consecutive terms since the end of the US occupation. Won a majority in the 2012 general election defeating Yoshihiko Noda (DPJ). Served as the 90th term Prime Minister (2006–2007), Chief Cabinet Secretary (2005–2006). Member of Diet since 1993.

Timeline[edit]

Shinzo AbeYoshihiko NodaNaoto KanYukio HatoyamaTaro AsoYasuo FukudaShinzo AbeJunichiro KoizumiYoshiro MoriKeizo ObuchiRyutaro HashimotoTomiichi MurayamaTsutomu HataMorihiro HosokawaKiichi MiyazawaToshiki KaifuSosuke UnoNoboru TakeshitaYasuhiro NakasoneZenko SuzukiMasayoshi ItoMasayoshi OhiraTakeo FukudaTakeo MikiKakuei TanakaEisaku SatoHayato IkedaNobusuke KishiTanzan IshibashiIchiro HatoyamaShigeru YoshidaHitoshi AshidaTetsu Katayama

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "第1•5•7•10代 伊藤 博文" [1st/5th/7th/10th Itō Hirobumi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "第2代 黑田 清隆" [2nd Kuroda Kiyotaka] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "第3•9代 山縣 有朋" [3rd/9th Yamagata Aritomo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "第4•5代 松方 正義" [3rd/9th Matsukata Masayoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "第8•17代 大隈 重信" [8th/17th Ōkuma Shigenobu] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "第11•13•15代 桂 太郎" [8th/17th Katsura Tarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "第12•14代 西園寺 公望" [12th/14th Saionji Kinmochi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "第16•22代 山本 權兵衞" [16th/22nd Yamamoto Gonnohyōe] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "第18代 寺内 正毅" [18th Terauchi Masatake] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "第19代 原 敬" [19th Hara Takashi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "第20代 高橋 是清" [20th Takahashi Korekiyo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "第21代 加藤 友三郎" [21st Katō Tomosaburō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "第23代 清浦 奎吾" [23rd Kiyoura Keigo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "第24代 加藤 高明" [24th Katō Takaaki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "第25•28代 若槻 禮次郎" [25th/28th Wakatsuki Reijirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  16. ^ "第26代 田中 義一" [26th Tanaka Giichi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "第27代 濱口 雄幸" [27th Osachi Hamaguchi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  18. ^ "第29代 犬養 毅" [29th Inukai Tsuyoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  19. ^ "第30代 齋藤 實" [30th Saito Makoto] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  20. ^ "第31代 岡田 啓介" [31st Keisuke Okada] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  21. ^ "第32代 廣田 弘毅" [32nd Koki Hirota] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  22. ^ "第33代 林 銑十郎" [33rd Senjuro Hayashi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "第34•38•39代 近衞 文麿" [34th/38th/39th Fumimaro Konoe] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  24. ^ "第35代 平沼 騏一郎" [35th Hiranuma Kiichiro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  25. ^ "第36代 阿部 信行" [36th Nobuyuki Abe] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  26. ^ "第37代 米内 光政" [37th Mitsumasa Yonai] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  27. ^ "第40代 東條 英機" [40th Hideki Tojo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  28. ^ "第41代 小磯 國昭" [41st Kuniaki Koiso] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  29. ^ "第42代 鈴木 貫太郎" [42nd Kantaro Suzuki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  30. ^ "第43代 東久邇宮 稔彦 王" [43rd Higashikuni Naruhiko] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  31. ^ "第44代 幣原 喜重郎" [44th Kijuro Shidehara] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  32. ^ a b "第45•48•49•50•51代 吉田 茂" [45th/48th/49th/50th/51st Shigeru Yoshida] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  33. ^ "第46代 片山 哲" [46th Tetsu Katayama] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  34. ^ "第47代 芦田 均" [47th Hitoshi Ashida] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  35. ^ "第52•53•54代 鳩山 一郎" [52nd/53rd/54th Sosuke Uno] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  36. ^ "第55代 石橋 湛山" [55th Tanzan Ishibashi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  37. ^ "第56•57代 岸 信介" [56th/57th Nobusuke Kishi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  38. ^ "第58•59•60代 池田 勇人" [58th/59th/60th Hayato Ikeda] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  39. ^ "第61•62•63代 佐藤 榮作" [61st/62nd/63rd Eisaku Sato] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  40. ^ "第64•65代 田中 角榮" [64th/65th Kakuei Tanaka] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  41. ^ "第66代 三木 武夫" [66th Takeo Miki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  42. ^ "第67代 福田 赳夫" [67th Takeo Fukuda] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  43. ^ "第68•69代 大平 正芳" [68/69th Masayoshi Ohira] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  44. ^ "第70代 鈴木 善幸" [70th Zenkō Suzuki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  45. ^ "第71•72•73代 中曽根 康弘" [71st/72nd/73rd Yasuhiro Nakasone] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  46. ^ "第74代 竹下 登" [74th Noboru Takeshita] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  47. ^ "第75代 宇野 宗佑" [75th Sosuke Uno] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  48. ^ "第76•77代 海部 俊樹" [76th/77th Toshiki Kaifu] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  49. ^ "第78代 宮澤 喜一" [78th Kiichi Miyazawa] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  50. ^ "第79代 細川 護煕" [79th Morihiro Hosokawa] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  51. ^ "第80代 羽田 孜" [80th Tsutomu Hata] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  52. ^ "第81代 村山 富市" [81st Tomiichi Murayama] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  53. ^ "第82•83代 橋本 龍太郎" [82nd/83rd Ryutaro Hashimoto] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  54. ^ "第84代 小渕 恵三" [84th Keizo Obuchi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  55. ^ "第85•86代 森 喜朗" [85th/86th Yoshiro Mori] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  56. ^ "第87•88•89代 小泉 純一郎" [87th/88th/89th Junichiro Koizumi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  57. ^ a b "第90•96代 安倍 晋三" [90th/96th Shinzo Abe] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  58. ^ "第91代 福田 康夫" [91st Yasuo Fukuda] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  59. ^ "第92代 麻生 太郎" [92nd Tarō Asō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  60. ^ "第93代 鳩山 由紀夫" [93rd Yukio Hatoyama] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  61. ^ "第94代 菅 直人" [94th Naoto Kan] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  62. ^ "第95代 野田 佳彦" [95th Yoshihiko Noda] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]