List of Prime Ministers of Israel

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This is a list of Prime Ministers of Israel since the establishment of that country in 1948.

Prime Ministers of Israel (1948–Present)[edit]

Colour key
Mapai/Alignment/LaborLikudKadima

A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an Interim Prime Minister. The other two who have served as Interim Prime Minister have gone on to become the Prime Minister.

Prime MinisterElected
(Knesset)
Government
No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitPolitical PartyTermNo.TermPolitical Parties
1David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן

(1886–1973)

Ben Gurion 1959.jpgMapai14 May 1948
– 26 January 1954
Prov.14 May 194810 March 1949MapaiMapamHHaMNew AliyahS&OMizrachiGen.ZionistsAgudat
1949 (1st)1st10 March 19491 November 1950MapaiURFProgressiveS&ODLN
2nd1 November 19508 October 1951
1951 (2nd)3rd8 October 195124 December 1952MapaiMizrachiHHaM-AY-PAYDLIA-P&W-A&D
4th24 December 195226 January 1954MapaiGen.ZionistsProgressiveMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
2Moshe Sharett
משֶׁה שָרֵת

(1894–1965)

Sharet22.jpgMapai26 January 1954
– 3 November 1955
5th26 January 195429 June 1955
6th29 June 19553 November 1955MapaiMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
(1)David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן

(1886–1973)

Ben Gurion 1959.jpgMapai3 November 1955
– 26 June 1963
1955 (3rd)7th3 November 19557 January 1958MapaiNRPMapamAHaAProgressiveDLIA-P&W-A&DP&D-C&B[9]
8th7 January 195817 December 1959
1959 (4th)9th17 December 19592 November 1961
1961 (5th)10th2 November 196126 June 1963MapaiNRPAHaAPAYP&D-C&B
3Levi Eshkol
לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל

(1895–1969)

Levi Eshkol.jpgMapai26 June 1963
– 26 February 1969[2]
11th26 June 196322 December 1964
12th22 December 196412 January 1966
Alignment[1]
Mapai/Labor
1965 (6th)13th12 January 196617 March 1969AlignmentNRPMapamIndep.LiberalsPAYP&D-C&BGahal[9]Rafi[9]
Yigal Allon
יִגְאָל אַלּוֹן

(1918–1980) (interim)

Yigal alon.jpgAlignment
Labor
(26 February 1969
– 17 March 1969
)[2]
4Golda Meir
גּוֹלְדָּה מֵאִיר

(1898–1978)

Golda Meir 03265u.jpgAlignment
Labor
17 March 1969
– 3 June 1974
14th17 March 196915 December 1969
1969 (7th)15th15 December 196910 March 1974AlignmentGahal[9]NRPIndep.LiberalsP&D-C&B
1973 (8th)16th10 March 19743 June 1974AlignmentNRPIndep.Liberals
5Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין

(1922–1995)

Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpgAlignment
Labor
3 June 1974
– 20 June 1977[3]
17th3 June 197420 June 1977AlignmentIndep.LiberalsRatz[9]NRP[9]
6Menachem Begin
מְנַחֵם בֵּגִין

(1913–1992)

Menachem Begin 2.jpgLikud20 June 1977
– 10 October 1983
1977 (9th)18th20 June 19775 August 1981LikudNRPAgudatDash[9]
1981 (10th)19th5 August 198110 October 1983LikudNRPAgudatTamiTelem/MRSZ[9]Tehiya[9]
7Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

(1915–2012)

Yitzhak Shamir 1988.jpgLikud10 October 1983
– 13 September 1984
20th10 October 198313 September 1984
8Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)[4]

Shimon peres wjc 90126.jpgAlignment
Labor
13 September 1984
– 20 October 1986
1984 (11th)21st13 September 198420 October 1986AlignmentLikudNRPAgudatShasMorasha[9]ShinuiOmetz
(7)Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

(1915–2012)[4]

Yitzhak Shamir 1988.jpgLikud20 October 1986
– 13 July 1992
22nd20 October 198622 December 1988
1988 (12th)23rd22 December 198811 June 1990LikudAlignmentNRPShasAgudatDegel HaTorah
24th11 June 199013 July 1992LikudNRPShasAgudatDegel HaTorahNew LiberalTehiyaTzometMoledetUPIGeulat
(5)Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין

(1922–1995)

Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpgLabor13 July 1992
– 4 November 1995[5]
1992 (13th)25th13 July 199222 November 1995LaborMeretzShas[9]Yiud[9]
(8)Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)

Shimon peres wjc 90126.jpgLabor(4 November 1995)[5]
22 November 1995
– 18 June 1996
26th22 November 199518 June 1996
9Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ

(1949–)

Benjamin Netanyahu portrait.jpgLikud18 June 1996
– 6 July 1999
199614th27th18 June 19966 July 1999Likud-Gesher-TzometShasNRPBaAliyahUTJThird Way
10Ehud Barak
אֵהוּד בָּרָק

(1942–)

Ehud Barak Face.jpgOne Israel
Labor
6 July 1999
– 7 March 2001
199915th28th6 July 19997 March 2001One IsraelShasMeretzBaAliyahCentreNRPUTJ[9]


11
Ariel Sharon
אֲרִיאֵל שָׁרוֹן

(1928–2014)

Ariel Sharon 2001.jpgLikud7 March 2001
(4 January 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
200129th7 March 200128 February 2003LikudLabor-Meimad[9]Shas[9]CentreNRPUTJBaAliyahNU-BeiteinuNew WayGesher
2003 (16th)30th28 February 200321 November 2005LikudShinui[9]NU[9]NRP[9]Labor-MeimadAgudat[9]
Kadima[6]21 November 20054 May 2006KadimaLikud[9]Agudat
12Ehud Olmert
אֵהוּד אוֹלְמֶ‏רט

(1945–)

Ehud Olmert 2007Feb19.jpgKadima(4 January 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
– 31 March 2009
2006 (17th)31st4 May 200631 March 2009[8]KadimaLaborShasGilBeiteinu[9]
(9)Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ

(1949–)

Benjamin Netanyahu portrait.jpgLikud31 March 2009
Incumbent
2009 (18th)32nd31 March 200918 March 2013LikudBeiteinuShasLabor/Indep.[9]Jewish HomeUTJ[9]
2013 (19th)33rd18 March 2013IncumbentLikudYesh AtidThe Jewish HomeYisrael BeiteinuHatnuah
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Notes[edit]

1 For the 1965 elections, Mapai allied with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labor Alignment, later renamed Alignment. This first Alignment ended when Mapai, Adhut HaAvoda and Rafi merged to form the Labor Party on 23 January 1968. On 28 January 1969, Labor formed a second Alignment in alliance with Mapam.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as Acting Prime Minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but legally remained Prime Minister until Begin's first government was formed. However, Shimon Peres unofficially served as Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 until 21 June 1977.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of Prime Minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as Prime Minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as Acting Prime Minister until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, Prime Minister Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה בפועל‎) from 4 January[1] to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Government 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister for the remainder of the 30th government, finally becoming full Prime Minister on the formation of the 31st government.[2]

8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this, his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "Interim" Prime Minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the Prime Minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case).[3]

9 The following parties were members of a government during only part of its term:

Term of office in years[edit]

  1. David Ben-Gurion: 13 years and 112 days (first term: 5 years and 258 days; second term: 7 years and 229 days)
  2. Benjamin Netanyahu: Incumbent - 8 years, 142 days as of 2 August 2014 (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second and current term: 5 years, 124 days)
  3. Yitzhak Shamir: 6 years and 242 days (first term: 339 days; second term: 5 years and 268 days)
  4. Yitzhak Rabin: 6 years and 132 days (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second term: 3 years and 114 days)
  5. Menachem Begin: 6 years and 113 days
  6. Levi Eshkol: 5 years and 247 days
  7. Ariel Sharon: 5 years and 39 days (Including a 100 days period of "temporary incapacitation" wherein the Prime minister's authorities were delegated to the Designated Acting Prime Minister)
  8. Golda Meir: 5 years and 19 days
  9. Ehud Olmert: 2 years and 351 days (In addition, served as Acting Prime Minister, wherein the Prime Minister's authorities were delegated to him)
  10. Shimon Peres: 2 years and 264 days (first term: 2 years and 37 days; second term: 227 days)
  11. Moshe Sharett: 1 year and 281 days
  12. Ehud Barak: 1 year and 245 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Knesset, Governments of Israel
  2. ^ Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001
  3. ^ Mazal Mualem, Shahar Ilan, Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and The Associated Press (21 September 2008). "Olmert formally submits his resignation to Peres". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 September 2008. 

External links[edit]