List of Prime Ministers of Denmark

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The Prime Minister of Denmark is the head of government of Denmark and leader of the Cabinet; since 1918 they have held the title of "Minister of State" (Danish: statsminister). The Prime Minister is formally appointed by the Monarch, who is head of state.

The highest ranking non-monarchial offices prior to 1848 are regarded as predecessors of the modern office of Prime Minister. There have been several titles used; "King's Chancellor", "Chancellor of the Realm", "Grand Chancellor", "Privy Councillor", "Prime Minister", "Council President" and Minister of State, once again. Each Prime Minister since 1848 has been the leader of one or more cabinets (for a complete list see Cabinet of Denmark).

Denmark's current Prime Minister is Helle Thorning-Schmidt representing the social democratic party Socialdemokraterne. Helle Thorning-Schmidt took office on 3 October 2011, taking over the position from Lars Løkke Rasmussen, representing the liberal party Venstre.

Deaths in office are signified by †

List of Grand Chancellors (1699–1730)[edit]

Grand Chancellors under Frederik IV (1699–1730)[edit]

Took officeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
26 August 169921 July 1708 †Reventlow conrad1.jpgConrad von Reventlow
(1644–1708)
17081721Christian Sehested.jpgChristian Christophersen Sehested
(1666–1740)
20 June 172117 October 1730Ulrik Adolf Holstein-Holsteinborg.jpgUlrik Adolf Holstein
(1664–1737)

List of Privy Councillors (1730–1848)[edit]

Privy Councillors (1730–1848)[edit]

under Christian VI (1730–1746), Frederik V (1746–1766),
Christian VII (1766–1808), Frederik VI (1808–1839), Christian VIII (1839–1848)

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
17 October 173012 May 1735IverRosenkrantz.jpgIver Rosenkrantz
(1674–1745)
12 May 17351751[1]Johan Ludvig Holstein.jpgJohan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
(1694–1763)
175113 September 1770JohanHE Bernstorff.jpgJohann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff
(1712–1772)
January 17721784O H Guldberg.jpgOve Høegh-Guldberg
(1731–1808)
178421 June 1797 †AP Bernstorff.jpgAndreas Peter Bernstorff
(1735–1797)
22 June 17971810Christian Bernstorff.jpgChristian Günther von Bernstorff
(1769–1835)
18101814Frederik Moltke.jpgFrederik Moltke
(1754–1836)
18141814Frederik Julius Kaas.jpgFredrik Julius Kaas
(1758–1827)
181424 August 1818Joachim Godske Moltke.jpgJoachim Godske Moltke
(1746–1818)
18181824Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann 1827.jpgErnst Heinrich von Schimmelmann
(1747–1831)
18241842Otto Joachim Moltke.jpgOtto Joachim Moltke
(1770–1853)
184222 March 1848Stemann.jpgPoul Christian Stemann
(1764–1855)

List of Prime Ministers (1848–1855)[edit]

Prime Ministers under Frederik VII (1848–1855)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
122 March 184816 November 1848Adam Wilhelm Moltke.jpgAdam Wilhelm Moltke
(1785–1864)
HøjreMoltke I
16 November 184813 July 18511849Moltke II
13 July 185118 October 1851Moltke III
18 October 185127 January 1852Moltke IV
227 January 185221 April 1853Bluhme.jpgChristian Albrecht Bluhme
(1794–1866)
Højre1852
Feb.1853
Bluhme I
321 April 185312 December 1854AS Ørsted.jpgAnders Sandøe Ørsted
(1778–1860)
May1853Ørsted
412 December 185412 October 1855Bang PG.jpgPeter Georg Bang
(1797–1861)
1854Bang

List of Council Presidents (1855–1918)[edit]

Council Presidents under Frederik VII (1855–1863)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
412 October 185518 October 1856Bang PG.jpgPeter Georg Bang
(1797–1861)
Bang
518 October 185613 May 1857Andræ.jpgCarl Christoffer Georg Andræ
(1812–1893)
Andræ
613 May 18572 December 1859CC Hall.jpgCarl Christian Hall
(1812–1888)
National LiberalHall I
72 December 18598 February 1860 †[2]Rotwitt.jpgCarl Edvard Rotwitt
(1812–1860)
The Society of the Friends of PeasantsRotwitt
(6)24 February 186031 December 1863CC Hall.jpgCarl Christian Hall
(1812–1888)
National Liberal1861Hall II

Council Presidents under Christian IX (1863–1906)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
831 December 186311 July 1864D G Monrad.jpgDitlev Gothard Monrad
(1811–1887)
National LiberalMonrad
(2)11 July 18646 November 1865Bluhme.jpgChristian Albrecht Bluhme
(1794–1866)
Højre1864Bluhme II
96 November 186528 May 1870K V Frijs.jpgChristian Emil Frijs
(1817–1896)
Nationale GodsejereJun.1866
Oct.1866
1869
Frijs
1028 May 187014 July 1874HolsteinHolsteinborg.jpgLudvig Holstein-Holsteinborg
(1815–1892)
Mellempartiet1872
1873
Holstein-Holsteinborg
1114 July 187411 June 1875Fonnesbech.jpgChristen Andreas Fonnesbech
(1817–1880)
Nationale GodsejereFonnesbech
1211 June 18757 August 1894Estrup.jpgJacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup
(1825–1913)
Højre1876
1879
May1881
Jul.1881
1884
1887
1890
1892
Estrup
H
137 August 189423 May 1897Reedtz-ThottTage.jpgTage Reedtz-Thott
(1839–1923)
Højre1895Reedz-Thott
H
1423 May 189727 April 1900Hørring HE.jpgHugo Egmont Hørring
(1842–1909)
Højre1898Hørring
H
1527 April 190024 July 1901Hannibal Sehested 1900.jpgHannibal Sehested
(1842–1924)
HøjreSehested
H
1624 July 190114 January 1905JHDeuntzer-vort folk.jpgJohan Henrik Deuntzer
(1845–1918)
Venstre Reform Party1901
1903
Deuntzer
V
1714 January 190524 July 1908IC Christensen.pngJens Christian Christensen
(1856–1930)
Venstre Reform Party1906Christensen I
V
24 July 190812 October 1908Christensen II
V

Council Presidents under Frederik VIII (1906–1912)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
1812 October 190816 August 1909Neergaard.jpgNiels Neergaard
(1854–1936)
Venstre Reform PartyNeergaard I
V
1916 August 190928 October 1909HolsteinLedreborg.jpgLudvig Holstein-Ledreborg
(1839–1912)
Venstre Reform Party1909Holstein-Ledreborg
V
2028 October 19095 July 1910Zahle.jpgCarl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
Danish Social Liberal PartyZahle I
R
215 July 191021 June 1913BerntsenK.jpgKlaus Berntsen
(1844–1927)
Venstre1910Berntsen
V

Council Presidents under Christian X (1912–1947)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
(20)21 June 191320 April 1918Zahle.jpgCarl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
Danish Social Liberal Party1913
1915
Zahle II
R

List of Ministers of State (1918 – present)[edit]

State Ministers under Christian X (1912 — 1947)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
Coalition
(20)21 April 191830 March 1920Zahle.jpgCarl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
Danish Social Liberal Party1918Zahle II
R
2230 March 19205 April 1920OttoLiebe.jpgOtto Liebe
(1860–1929)
Liebe
Caretaker Government
235 April 19205 May 1920MPFriis.jpgMichael Pedersen Friis
(1857–1944)
Friis
Caretaker Government
(18)5 May 19209 October 1922Neergaard.jpgNiels Neergaard
(1854–1936)
VenstreApr.1920
Jul.1920
Sep.1920
Neergaard II
V
9 October 192223 April 1924Neergaard III
V
2423 April 192414 December 1926Stauning i1920-erne.jpgThorvald Stauning
(1873–1942)
Social Democrat1924Stauning I
S
2514 December 192630 April 1929MadsenMygdal.jpgThomas Madsen-Mygdal
(1876–1943)
Venstre1926Madsen-Mygdal
V
(24)30 April 19294 November 1935Stauning i1920-erne.jpgThorvald Stauning
(1873–1942)
Social Democrat1929
1932
Stauning II
S-R
4 November 193515 September 19391935Stauning III
S-R
15 September 193910 April 19401939Stauning IV
S-R
10 April 19408 July 1940Stauning V
Unity Government
8 July 19403 May 1942 †[3]Stauning VI
Unity Government
264 May 19429 November 1942Buhl vilhelm.jpgVilhelm Buhl
(1881–1954)
Social DemocratBuhl I
Unity Government
279 November 194229 August 1943[4]Erik Scavenius.jpgErik Scavenius
(1877–1962)
1943Scavenius
Unity Government
29 August 1943[4]5 May 1945No Danish government. Office is assumed by the permanent secretary.
(26)5 May 19457 November 1945Buhl vilhelm.jpgVilhelm Buhl
(1881–1954)
Social DemocratBuhl II
Unity Government
287 November 194513 November 1947National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svgKnud Kristensen
(1880–1962)
Venstre1945Kristensen
V

State Ministers under Frederik IX (1947 — 1972)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
Coalition
2913 November 194730 October 1950Hans hedtoft.jpgHans Hedtoft
(1903–1955)
Social Democrat1947Hedtoft I
S
3030 October 195030 September 1953Erik Eriksen.jpgErik Eriksen
(1902–1972)
Venstre1950
Apr.1953
Eriksen
V-K
(29)30 September 195329 January 1955 †[5]Hans hedtoft.jpgHans Hedtoft
(1903–1955)
Social DemocratSep.1953Hedtoft II
S
311 February 195528 May 1957Hans Christian Svane Hansen.jpgHans Christian Hansen
(1906–1960)
Social DemocratHansen I
S
28 May 195719 February 1960 †[6]1957Hansen II
S-R-E
3221 February 196018 November 1960Viggo Kampmann.jpgViggo Kampmann
(1910–1976)
Social DemocratKampmann I
S-R-E
18 November 19603 September 19621960Kampmann II
S-R
333 September 196229 September 1964Jens Otto Krag 01.jpgJens Otto Krag
(1914–1978)
Social DemocratKrag I
S-R
29 September 19642 February 19681964Krag II
S
342 February 196811 October 1971Baunsgaard 1970.jpgHilmar Baunsgaard
(1920–1989)
Danish Social Liberal Party1968Baunsgard
R-K-V
(33)11 October 19715 October 1972Jens Otto Krag 01.jpgJens Otto Krag
(1914–1978)
Social Democrat1971Krag III
S

State Ministers under Margrethe II (1972 — present)[edit]

Took OfficeLeft OfficePortraitName
(Born–Died)
PartyElectionGovernment
Coalition
355 October 197219 December 1973Anker-jørgensen-cropped.jpgAnker Jørgensen
(1922– )
Social DemocratJørgensen I
S
3617 December 197313 February 1975National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svgPoul Hartling
(1914–2000)
Venstre1973Hartling
V
(35)13 February 197530 August 1978Anker-jørgensen-cropped.jpgAnker Jørgensen
(1922– )
Social Democrat1975Jørgensen II
S-V
30 August 197826 October 19791977Jørgensen III
S-V
26 October 197930 December 19811979Jørgensen IV
S
30 December 198110 September 19821981Jørgensen V
S
3710 September 198210 September 1987Poul Schluter.jpgPoul Schlüter
(1929– )
Conservative1984Schlüter I
K-V-CD-Kd
10 September 19873 June 19881987Schlüter II
K-V-CD-Kd
3 June 198818 December 19901988Schlüter III
K-V-R
18 December 199025 January 19931990Schlüter IV
K-V
3825 January 199327 September 1994Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP and PES PRESIDENTS DEBATE 21.01.2005 (21).jpgPoul Nyrup Rasmussen
(1943– )
Social DemocratP.N. Rasmussen I
S-CD-R-Kd
27 September 199430 December 19961994P.N. Rasmussen II
S-R-CD
30 December 199623 March 1998P.N. Rasmussen III
S-R
23 March 199827 November 20011998P.N. Rasmussen IV
S-R
3927 November 200118 February 2005Anders Fogh Rasmussen - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008.jpgAnders Fogh Rasmussen
(1953– )
Venstre2001A.F. Rasmussen I
V-K
18 February 200523 November 20072005A.F. Rasmussen II
V-K
23 November 20075 April 20092007A.F. Rasmussen III
V-K
405 April 20093 October 2011Lars Løkke Rasmussen - 2009.jpgLars Løkke Rasmussen
(1964– )
VenstreL.L. Rasmussen
V-K
413 October 20113 February 2014Helle Thorning-Schmidt portrait.jpgHelle Thorning-Schmidt
(1966– )
Social Democrat2011Thorning-Schmidt I
S-R-SF
3 February 2014IncumbentThorning-Schmidt II
S-R

Timeline (since 1848)[edit]

Helle Thorning-SchmidtLars Løkke RasmussenAnders Fogh RasmussenPoul Nyrup RasmussenPoul SchlüterAnker JørgensenPoul HartlingAnker JørgensenJens Otto KragHilmar BaunsgaardJens Otto KragViggo KampmannHans Christian HansenHans HedtoftErik EriksenHans HedtoftKnud KristensenVilhelm BuhlErik ScaveniusVilhelm BuhlThorvald StauningThomas Madsen-MygdalThorvald StauningNiels NeergaardMichael Pedersen FriisOtto LiebeCarl Theodor ZahleKlaus BerntsenCarl Theodor ZahleLudvig Holstein-LedreborgNiels NeergaardJens Christian ChristensenJohan Henrik DeuntzerHannibal Sehested (council president)Hugo Egmont HørringTage Reedtz-ThottJacob Brønnum Scavenius EstrupChristen Andreas FonnesbechLudvig Holstein-HolsteinborgChristian Emil FrijsChristian Albrecht BluhmeDitlev Gothard MonradCarl Christian HallCarl Edvard RotwittCarl Christian HallCarl Christoffer Georg AndræPeter Georg BangAnders Sandøe ØrstedChristian Albrecht BluhmeAdam Wilhelm Moltke

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Different authorities provide contradictory accounts as to whether the period of Ludvig's occupation of the office in fact overlapped with that of his successor.
  2. ^ Carl Edvard Rotwitt died in office. Carl Frederik Blixen-Finecke was Acting Prime Minister 8 February 1860 – 24 February 1860.
  3. ^ Thorvald Stauning died in office. His successor was appointed the following day.
  4. ^ a b On 29 August 1943, the Danish government resigned, refusing to grant further concessions to Nazi Germany. All government operations were assumed by the permanent secretaries of the individual departments, and this arrangement lasted until the Liberation of Denmark on 5 May 1945. Since King Christian X never accepted the resignation of the government, it existed de jure until a new cabinet was formed on 5 May 1945.
  5. ^ Hans Hedtoft died in office. His successor was appointed three days later.
  6. ^ Hans Christian Hansen died in office. His successor was appointed two days later.

See also[edit]

References[edit]