List of Presidents of the United States by time in office

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FDR in 1933.jpg
Longest presidency
4,422 days
Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933–1945

William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg
Shortest presidency
31 days
William Henry Harrison
1841

This is a list of Presidents of the United States by time in office.

The basis of the list is the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater, with the exception of Grover Cleveland who would receive two days.

According to the 22nd Amendment, which was ratified in 1951, no President may serve more than two terms plus a maximum of two years having acceded as President under some other President's term (or more than one term following more than two years having acceded under some other President's term). This means it is likely that Franklin Delano Roosevelt will continue to be the first on this list unless the 22nd Amendment is changed or repealed and some future President is re-elected the requisite number of times pursuant to such a change or repeal.

Rank by time in office[edit]

Order
of
service
PresidentLength
in
days
RankDates & Notes
32Franklin D. Roosevelt4,4221Served three full terms, died on the 83rd day (2 months and 24 days) of his fourth term.[1]
3Thomas Jefferson2,9222Served two full terms.
4James Madison2,9222Served two full terms.
5James Monroe2,9222Served two full terms.
7Andrew Jackson2,9222Served two full terms.
18Ulysses S. Grant2,9222Served two full terms.
22/24Grover Cleveland2,9222Served two full terms non-consecutively.
28Woodrow Wilson2,9222Served two full terms.
34Dwight D. Eisenhower2,9222Served two full terms.
40Ronald Reagan2,9222Served two full terms.
42Bill Clinton2,9222Served two full terms.
43George W. Bush2,9222Served two full terms.
1George Washington2,86513Served two full terms, but the first-term inaugural was postponed 57 days (1 month and 27 days) to April 30, 1789, because the U.S. Congress had not yet achieved a quorum.
33Harry S. Truman2,84014Served the remaining 3 years, 9 months and 9 days of Franklin Roosevelt's fourth term. Elected to a full term. Although eligible for a third term under terms of the 22nd Amendment, as it was ratified during his term, did not seek re-election.
26Theodore Roosevelt2,72815Served the remaining 3 years, 6 months and 3 days of McKinley's second term. Elected to a full term. Did not seek reelection in 1908. In 1912, he was defeated for another term as president.
44Barack Obama2,050[2]16Incumbent. Began second term on January 20, 2013.
30Calvin Coolidge2,04117Served the remaining 1 year, 7 months and 3 days of Harding's term, Elected to a full term. Did not seek renomination for a second full term.
37Richard M. Nixon2,02718Resigned 1 year, 6 months and 21 days into his second term.[3]
36Lyndon B. Johnson1,88619Served the remaining 1 year, and 2 months of Kennedy's term. Elected to a full term. Withdrew from the race for renomination.
25William McKinley1,654[4]20Shot 6 months and 2 days into his second term, and died 8 days later (194 days into his second term).
16Abraham Lincoln1,50321Assassinated 1 month and 11 days into his second term.
6John Quincy Adams1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
8Martin Van Buren1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
11James Knox Polk1,46122Served one full term. Did not seek a second term.
14Franklin Pierce1,46122Served one full term. Not renominated.
15James Buchanan1,46122Served one full term. Did not seek a second term.
19Rutherford B. Hayes1,46122Served one full term. Did not seek a second term.
23Benjamin Harrison1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
27William Howard Taft1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
31Herbert Hoover1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
39Jimmy Carter1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
41George H. W. Bush1,46122Served one full term. Not re-elected.
2John Adams1,460[4]33Served one full term. Not re-elected.
10John Tyler1,43034Served the remaining 3 years, 11 months and 1 day of William H. Harrison's term. Not renominated.
17Andrew Johnson1,41935Served the remaining 3 years, 10 months and 21 days of Lincoln's second term. Not renominated.
21Chester A. Arthur1,26236Served the remaining 3 years, 5 months and 14 days of Garfield's term. Not renominated.
35John F. Kennedy1,03637Assassinated 2 years, 10 months and 2 days into his term.
13Millard Fillmore96938Served the remaining 2 years, 7 months and 24 days of Taylor's term. Not renominated.
38Gerald R. Ford89539Served the remaining 2 years, 5 months and 12 days of Nixon's second term. Not elected to a full term.
29Warren G. Harding88140Died 2 years, 4 months and 30 days into his term.
12Zachary Taylor49241Died 1 year, 4 months and 6 days into his term.
20James A. Garfield19942Shot 120 days into his term, and died on the 80th day after the shooting (6 months and 16 days into his term, which totaled 200 days).
9William Henry Harrison3143Died upon serving just one month.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His first term in office (1933–1937) was the shortest term for an elected President (after Washington’s) who neither died in office nor resigned. The Twentieth Amendment moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20 beginning in 1937; therefore, Roosevelt's first term was 43 days (1 month and 13 days) short of a full four years: from March 4, 1933 through January 20, 1937, a period of 1,418 days.
  2. ^ Updated daily according to UTC.
  3. ^ The short period Nixon did serve in his second term makes Nixon the longest combined service as president and vice president with a total of 4,949 days (2,922 days as vice president), eclipsing Franklin D. Roosevelt by 527 days.
  4. ^ a b Of years evenly divisible by 100, only those evenly divisible by 400 are leap years. The years 1800 and 1900 are divisible by 100, but not by 400. Thus, John Adams's term and McKinley's first term did not include a 366-day leap year, so those terms were one day shorter than all other full terms.