List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic

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President of the Dominican Republic
Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Standard
Danilo Medina Sánchez.jpg
Incumbent
Danilo Medina

since 16 August 2012
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceNational Palace, Santo Domingo
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderPedro Santana
Formation13 November 1844
Websitepresidencia.gob.do
 
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President of the Dominican Republic
Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Standard
Danilo Medina Sánchez.jpg
Incumbent
Danilo Medina

since 16 August 2012
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceNational Palace, Santo Domingo
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderPedro Santana
Formation13 November 1844
Websitepresidencia.gob.do
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Dominican Republic

The President of the Dominican Republic is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic. The President of the Dominican Republic receives the treatment of His Excellency during his time in office. His official address is the National Palace. Also, the position corresponds to the highest office in the country, the highest senior government official and the prominent political figure in the nation.

The current Constitution of the Dominican Republic (last amended in 2010) establishes the requirements, rights and obligations to be met by the President of the Republic.

Currently, the office can be held for a period of four years without immediate re-election. After at least one constitutional term, a person who has held the post of President before may run for this Office again. The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic and therefore a national holiday.

The current President of the Dominican Republic is Danilo Medina of the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party), who took office on 16 August 2012.

List of official Presidents of the Dominican Republic (1844 – present)[edit]

#PictureNameBegan officeLeft officeTitle(s)
1PedroSantana.jpgPedro Santana13 November 18444 August 1848President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State4 August 18488 September 1848Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Félix Mercenario
Domingo de la Rocha
José María Caminero
Manuel Jimenes
2Manuel Jimenez.jpgManuel Jiménes8 September 184829 May 1849President
3Buenaventura Baéz.gifBuenaventura Báez29 May 184915 February 1853President
4PedroSantana.jpgPedro Santana15 February 185326 May 1856President
5Manueldereglamosa.gifManuel de Regla Mota26 May 18568 October 1856President
6Buenaventura Baéz.gifBuenaventura Báez8 October 185613 June 1858President
7Jose desiderio valverde.gifJosé Desiderio Valverde13 June 185831 August 1858President
8PedroSantana.jpgPedro Santana31 August 185818 March 1861President
From 1861 until 1865, Dominican Republic was annexed by Spain.
9Pedro antonio pimentel.gifPedro Antonio Pimentel25 March 18654 August 1865President
Jose Maria Cabral.jpgJosé María Cabral4 August 186515 November 1865Supreme Chief
Pedro guillermo guerrero.gifPedro Guillermo15 November 18658 December 1865President of the Provisional Government Junta
10Buenaventura Baéz.gifBuenaventura Báez8 December 186529 May 1866President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgTriumvirate29 May 186622 August 1866Members:
Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Gregorio Luperón
Federico de Jesús García
11Jose Maria Cabral.jpgJosé María Cabral22 August 18663 January 1868President
12Manuel Altagracia Cáceres.jpgManuel Altagracia Cáceres3 January 186813 February 1868President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgJunta of Generals13 February 18682 May 1868Members:
José Antonio Hungría
Francisco Antonio Gómez Báez
José Ramón Luciano y Franco
13Buenaventura Baéz.gifBuenaventura Báez2 May 18682 January 1874President
Ignacio María González.pngIgnacio María González2 January 187422 January 1874Supreme Chief
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgGenerals-in-Chief22 January 18746 April 1874Members:
Ignacio María González
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
14Ignacio María González.pngIgnacio María González6 April 187423 February 1876President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State23 February 187629 April 1876Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Pedro Tomás Garrido
José de Jesús de Castro
Pedro Pablo de Bonilla
Juan Bautista Zafra
Pablo López Villanueva
Jacinto Peynado
15Ulises espaillat.jpgUlises Francisco Espaillat29 April 18765 October 1876President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgSuperior Governing Junta5 October 187611 November 1876Members:
Pablo López Villanueva
José Caminero Matías
Juan Esteban Ariza Matos
Fidel Rodríguez Urdaneta
José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez
Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda
Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos
Ignacio María González.pngIgnacio María González11 November 18769 December 1876Supreme Chief
Marcos Cabral.jpgMarcos Antonio Cabral9 December 187626 December 1876President of the Provisional Government Junta
16Buenaventura Baéz.gifBuenaventura Báez26 December 18762 March 1878President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State2 March 18785 March 1878Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
José María Cabral
Joaquín Montolío
17Cesareo Guillermo B.jpgCesareo Guillermo5 March 18786 July 1878President
18Ignacio María González.pngIgnacio María González6 July 18782 September 1878President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgPeople's Military Chiefs2 September 18786 September 1878People's Military Chiefs


Members:
Ulises Heureaux
Cesáreo Guillermo

Jacinto De Castro.jpgJacinto de Castro7 September 187829 September 1878Acting President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State30 September 187827 February 1879Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Cesáreo Guillermo
Alejandro Angulo Guridi
Pedro Maria Aristy
19Cesareo Guillermo B.jpgCesáreo Guillermo27 February 18796 December 1879President
20GregorioLuperon.jpgGregorio Luperón6 December 18791 September 1880President
21Fernando Arturo Meriño.jpgFernando Arturo de Meriño1 September 18801 September 1882President
22Hereaux2.gifUlises Heureaux1 September 18821 September 1884President
23Francisco Billini.jpgFrancisco Gregorio Billini1 September 188416 May 1885President
24Woss y gil.jpgAlejandro Woss y Gil16 May 18856 January 1887President
25Hereaux2.gifUlises Heureaux6 January 188727 February 1889President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgManuel María Gautier27 February 188930 April 1889Acting President
26Hereaux2.gifUlises Heureaux30 April 188926 July 1899President
27Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgJuan Wanceslao Figuereo26 July 189930 August 1899President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State30 August 189931 August 1899Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Tomás Demetrio Morales
Arístides Patiño
Enrique Henríquez y Alfau
Jaime R. Vidal
Braulio Álvarez
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgPeople's Revolutionary Governing Junta31 August 18994 September 1899Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Mariano Cestero
Álvaro Logroño
Arístides Patiño
Pedro María Mejía
Horacio Vasquez.jpgHoracio Vásquez4 September 189915 November 1899President of the Provisional Government Junta
28Juan Isidro Jimenez.jpgJuan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra15 November 18992 May 1902President
Horacio Vasquez.jpgHoracio Vásquez2 May 190223 April 1903President of the Provisional Government Junta
29Woss y gil.jpgAlejandro Woss y Gil23 April 190324 November 1903President
30Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpgCarlos Felipe Morales24 November 190329 December 1905President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State25 December 190512 January 1906Council of Secretaries of State (acting for Morales)
Members:
Manuel Lamarche García
Emiliano Tejera
Andrés Julio Montolío
Francisco Leonte Vásquez Lajara
Carlos Ginebra
Eladio Victoria
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
31Ramon Caceres.jpgRamón Cáceres12 January 190619 November 1911President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State19 November 19115 December 1911Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Miguel Antonio Román
José María Cabral
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
Manuel Lamarche García
Emilio Tejera
Rafael Díaz
32Eladio Victoria.jpgEladio Victoria5 December 191130 November 1912President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgAdolfo Alejandro Nouel30 November 191213 April 1913Provisional President
JoseBordas.jpgJosé Bordas Valdez14 April 191327 August 1914Provisional President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgRamón Báez28 August 19145 December 1914Provisional President
33Juan Isidro Jimenez.jpgJuan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra5 December 19147 May 1916President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCouncil of Secretaries of State7 May 191631 July 1916Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Jaime Mota
Bernardo Pichardo
José Manuel Jimenes
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
34Francisco Henriquez Carvajal.jpgFrancisco Henríquez y Carvajal31 July 191629 November 1916President
From 1916 until 1924, Dominican Republic was occupied by the United States.
Vicini burgos juan bautista.jpgJuan Bautista Vicini Burgos21 October 192212 July 1924Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
35Horacio Vasquez.jpgHoracio Vásquez12 July 19243 March 1930President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgRafael Estrella Ureña3 March 193016 August 1930Acting President
36Rafael Trujillo.gifRafael Trujillo16 August 193016 August 1938President
37Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgJacinto Peynado16 August 193824 February 1940President
38Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgManuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha24 February 194018 May 1942President
39Rafael Trujillo.gifRafael Trujillo18 May 194216 August 1952President
40Pes 631512.jpgHéctor Trujillo16 August 19523 August 1960President
41Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpgJoaquín Balaguer3 August 196016 January 1962President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgCivic-Military Council16 January 196218 January 1962Civic-Military Council
Members:
Armando Óscar Pacheco
Luis Amiama Tió
Antonio Imbert Barrera
Enrique Valdez Vidaurre
Wilfredo Medina Natalio
Huberto Bogaert
42Rafael F.Bonnelly.jpgRafael Filiberto Bonnelly18 January 196227 February 1963President
43Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgJuan Bosch27 February 196325 September 1963President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgVíctor Elby Viñas Román25 September 196326 September 1963Chairman of the Provisional Junta
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgTriumvirate26 September 196325 April 1965Members:
Emilio de los Santos y Salcié
(to 22 December 1963) (Chairman)

Donald Reid Cabral
(from 29 December 1963) (Chairman)

Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat
Ramón Tapia Espinal
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgRevolutionary Committee25 April 196525 April 1965Members:
Vinicio Fernández Pérez
Giovanni Gutiérrez Ramírez
Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó
Eladio Ramírez Sánchez
Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgJosé Rafael Molina Ureña25 April 196527 April 1965Provisional President
From 27 April 1965 to 1 May 1965, there was no chief executive for the country.
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgPedro Bartolomé Benoit1 May 19657 May 1965Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
44Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgAntonio Imbert Barrera7 May 196530 August 1965President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
From 30 August 1965 to 3 September 1965, there was no chief executive for the country.
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgHéctor García Godoy3 September 19651 July 1966Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
45Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpgJoaquín Balaguer1 July 196616 August 1978President
46Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svgAntonio Guzmán Fernández16 August 19784 July 1982President
47Jacobo Majluta Azar.JPGJacobo Majluta Azar4 July 198216 August 1982President
48Salvador Jorge blanco.pngSalvador Jorge Blanco16 August 198216 August 1986President
49Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpgJoaquín Balaguer16 August 198616 August 1996President
50Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpgLeonel Fernández16 August 199616 August 2000President
51Hipólito-Mejía-2000.jpgHipólito Mejía16 August 200016 August 2004President
52Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpgLeonel Fernández16 August 200416 August 2012President
53Danilo Medina Sánchez.jpgDanilo Medina16 August 2012IncumbentPresident

List of unofficial Presidents of the Dominican Republic[edit]

Supreme Chiefs or Protectors

Spanish Governors-General of Santo Domingo (1861–1865)

Heads of State of the Dominican Republic (1863–1865)

In rebellion (1867–1868)

Constitutional Executive Junta (in rebellion, February, 1876)

In rebellion (1878)

United States Governors of Santo Domingo (1916–1922)

In rebellion (1963)

President with Constitutionalist de jure and de facto

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 May 2012 Dominican Republic presidential election results
Candidates – PartiesVotes%
Danilo MedinaDominican Liberation Party and allies2,323,15051.21%
Hipólito MejíaDominican Revolutionary Party and allies2,129,99746.95%
Guillermo Moreno – Country Alliance62,2901.37%
Eduardo Estrella – Dominicans for Change9,3400.21%
Julián Serulle – Broad Front6,5500.14%
Max PuigAlliance for Democracy5,0640.11%
Total valid votes4,536,391100.00%
Source: Junta Central Electoral

See also[edit]