List of Presidents of Iran

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Hassan Rouhani, the current President of Iran.

This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The President of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current President is Hassan Rouhani, since 3 August 2013.

Background[edit]

Emblem of Iran.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the Supreme Leader as the head of state and the President and Prime Minister as the heads of government. The post of Prime Minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the President were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected President on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election.

List of Presidents[edit]

      Independent       Conservative       Reformist       Moderate

#NamePictureBorn-DiedTook OfficeLeft OfficePolitical PartyPrime MinisterFirst Vice PresidentTerm
1Abulhassan BanisadrPresident of iran Abolhassan Banisadr.jpg1933–4 February 198022 June 1981
(impeached)
IndependentMohammad-Ali RajaiPosition not established1
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad Beheshti,
then later Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili)
22 June 19812 August 1981
2Mohammad-Ali RajaiRjaee.jpg1933–19812 August 198130 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican PartyMohammad-Javad Bahonar2
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani)
30 August 198113 October 1981Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
3Ali KhameneiAli Khamenei,.jpg1939–13 October 198116 August 1985Islamic Republican Party

Combatant Clergy Association
Mir-Hossein Mousavi3
16 August 19853 August 19894
4Akbar Hashemi RafsanjaniRafsanjani-sajed.jpg1934–3 August 19893 August 1993Combatant Clergy Association

Executives of Construction Party
Position abolishedHassan Habibi5
3 August 19932 August 19976
5Mohammad KhatamiMohammad Khatami.jpg1943–2 August 19978 August 2001[2]Association of Combatant Clerics7
8 August 2001[2]3 August 2005Mohammad-Reza Aref8
6Mahmoud AhmadinejadMahmoud Ahmadinejad 2012.jpg1956–3 August 20055 August 2009Alliance of Builders of Islamic IranParviz Davoodi9
5 August 20093 August 2013Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei10
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
7Hassan RouhaniHassan Rouhani official portrait.jpg1948–3 August 2013Incumbent
(Term expires 3 August 2017)
Combatant Clergy Association[3]Eshaq Jahangiri11

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  2. ^ a b (French) La documentation française: "[...] le nouveau Parlement retarde l'investiture du président Khatami qui prête serment le 8 août pour un second mandat de quatre ans."
  3. ^ "Members of Combatant Clergy Association". Combatant Clergy Association. Retrieved 24 April 2013.