List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in the United States

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Prisoner-of-war camps in the United States during World War II.

In the United States, at the end of World War II, there were 175 Branch Camps serving 511 Area Camps containing over 425,000 prisoners of war (mostly German). The camps were located all over the US but were mostly in the South because of the higher expense of heating the barracks in other areas. Eventually, every state (with the exceptions of Nevada, North Dakota, and Vermont) had POW camps. Some of the camps had to be designated "segregation camps" and used to separate the Nazi "true believers" from the rest of the prisoners, whom they terrorized and even killed for being friendly with their American captors.[1]


CampLocation
Newton D BakerMartinsburg, West Virginia
Base Camp (Belle Mead)New Jersey
Fort Dix (Fort John Adams)New Jersey
Jersey City Quartermaster Supply DepotNew Jersey
Boston Port of EmbarkationBoston, Massachusetts
Camp AlleganMichigan
Camp AntigoWisconsin
Bradley FieldConnecticut
Camp AdairOregon
Camp AlbuquerqueNew Mexico
Camp AlgomaIdaho
Camp AlgonaIowa
Camp AlicevilleAlabamaOpened in 1943, a segregation camp from 1944.[1]
Camp AllenNorfolk, Virginia
Camp AlvaOklahomaOne of the first segregation camps.[1]
Camp AndrewsBoston Harbor, Massachusetts
Camp Angel IslandCalifornia
Camp AshbyVirginia
Camp AshfordWest Virginia
Camp AtlantaNebraska
Camp AtterburyIndianaHoused 3,500 Italians and later 10,000 Germans
Camp AuTrainAuTrain, Michigan
Camp BarkeleyTexas
Camp BarronWisconsin
Camp BassettArkansas
Camp BastropTexasKurt Richard Westphal escaped in August 1945 and was recaptured in Hamburg, Germany, in 1954.
Camp BayfieldWisconsin
Camp BealeCalifornia
Camp Beaver DamWisconsin
Camp Billy MitchellWisconsin
Camp BlandingFlorida
Camp BowieTexas[2]
Camp BradyTexas
Camp BreckinridgeKentucky
Camp BrinerNorth Carolina
Camp BullisSan Antonio, Texas
Camp ButnerNorth CarolinaKurt Rossmeisl escaped on 4 August 1945 and surrendered in 1959.
Camp CambriaWisconsin
Camp CampbellKentuckyOne of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Fort Devens, Massachusetts and Camp McCain.[3]
Camp CarsonColorado
Camp ChaffeeSebastian County, Arkansas
Camp ChaseOhio
Camp ChickashaGrady County, Oklahoma
Camp ChiltonWisconsin
Camp ClaiborneLouisiana
Camp ClarindaIowa
Camp ClarkMissouri
Camp ClintonMississippiHoused German POW's from the Afrika Korps after their defeat in North Africa
Camp CobbWisconsin
Camp ColumbusWisconsin
Camp ComoMississippi
Camp ConcordiaKansas
Camp CookeCalifornia
Camp CroftSouth Carolina
Camp CrossvilleTennessee
Camp CrowderMissouri
Camp DavidMaryland
Camp DawsonWest Virginia
Camp DemingNew MexicoGeorg Gärtner escaped on 21 September 1945, and finally surrendered in 1985. He was the last escapee, having remained at large for 40 years.
Camp DermottArkansas
Camp DouglasWyoming
Camp DundeeMichiganTwo escaped. Used a railroad box car. Recaptured: Roanoke, Va.[4]
Camp Eau ClaireWisconsin
Camp EdwardsFalmouth, Massachusetts
Camp EllisIllinois
Thibodaux, LouisianaHoused German POW's from the Afrika Korps after defeat in North Africa
Thibodaux, LouisianaHoused German POW's from the Afrika Corps after defeat in North Africa. Camp was located in North Thibodaux along Coulon Road.
Camp EuniceLouisiana
Camp EvelynAlger County, Michigan
Camp FaribaultMinnesota
Camp FanninTyler, TexasLocated on the campus of the now University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler.
Camp FlorenceFlorence, ArizonaLargest all-new prisoner of war compound ever constructed on American soil.[5] It is now used as United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).
Camp Fond du LacWisconsin
Camp ForrestTullahoma, TennesseeFirst attempted escape by two German POWs on 5 November 1942.
Camp Fox LakeWisconsin
Camp FredoniaLittle Kohler, Town of Fredonia, Wisconsin
Camp FreelandFreeland, MichiganThe current site of the TriCity Airport (MBS)
Camp GalesvilleWisconsin
Camp Gene AutryArdmore Army Air Field, Oklahoma
Camp GenesseeWisconsin
Camp GermfaskGermfask, Michigan
Camp GrantRockford, Illinois
Camp GreeleyGreeley, Colorado[6]
Camp Green LakeWisconsin
Camp Grubernear Muskogee, Oklahoma
Camp HalePando - Leadville, Colorado[7]
Camp GueydanLouisiana
Camp HartfordWisconsin
Camp HearneHearne, Texas[8]
Camp HerefordDeaf Smith County, Texas
Camp HobartOklahoma
Camp HoffmanMarylandClose to Fort Lincoln and held over 5,000 confederate soldiers
Camp HoodTexas
Camp Horseshoe RanchHickory, Oklahoma
Camp HortonvilleWisconsin
Camp HoultonMaine
Camp HowzeTexas[9]
Camp HulenPalacios, Texas
Camp HuntsdalePennsylvania
Camp HuntsvilleTexasOne of the first segregation camps.[1]
Camp IndianolaNebraska
Camp JanesvilleWisconsin
Camp JeffersonWisconsin
Camp JeromeArkansas
Camp KaplanLouisiana
Camp Lake KeesusWisconsin
Camp Las CrucesLas Cruces, New MexicoWerner Paul Lueck escaped in November 1945 and was recaptured in Mexico City in 1954.
Camp LeeVirginia
Camp LivingstonLouisiana
Camp LockettCalifornia
Camp LodiWisconsin
Camp LordsburgLordsburg, New Mexico1942-1945: held Japanese-American internees, and then German and Italian POWs.
Camp MackallHoffman, North Carolina
Camp MarkesanWisconsin
Camp MarshfieldWisconsin
Camp McAlesterOklahoma
Camp McCainMississippiOne of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Camp Campbell and Fort Devens, Massachusetts.[3]
Camp McCoyWisconsinGerman POWs
Camp McKayMassachusettsConstructed for prisoners, later reused for housing after the war
Camp McLeanTexas
Camp MackanNorth Carolina
Camp MaxeyTexas[10]
Camp MexiaTexas
Camp MilltownWisconsin
Fort MissoulaMissoula, Montana1941-1944: Italian POWs.
Camp Myles StandishTaunton, Massachusetts
Camp MonticelloArkansas
Camp MontgomeryMinnesota
Camp Natural BridgeWest Point, New York(German)
Camp New CumberlandPennsylvania
Camp New UlmNew Ulm, MinnesotaFortuitously located outside a city where many locals still spoke German. The camp buildings are preserved in Flandrau State Park and are available for rent as a group center.[11]
Camp OakfieldWisconsin
Camp OgdenUtah
Camp Oklahoma CityOn site of Will Rogers World Airport, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Camp OnoSan Bernardino, California(Italian)
Camp OpelikaAlabama
Camp OwossoShiawassee County, Michigan
Camp OwatonnaMinnesota
Camp Patrick HenryVirginia
Camp Papago ParkArizonaGermany's "Great Escape" was from a 200-foot (61 m) tunnel by 25 prisoners on 24 December 1944.
Camp Pauls ValleyOklahoma
Camp PearyVirginia
Camp PerryOhio
Camp PhilipsKansas
Camp PickettVirginia
Camp PimaArizonaOne of the first segregation camps.[1]
Camp PineGreen Lakes State Park, New York
Camp MichauxCumberland County, PennsylvaniaNear Pine Grove Furnace State Park (same commander as Gettysburg Battlefield camp)
Camp PlymouthWisconsin
Camp PolkLouisiana
Camp PomonaCalifornia
Camp PopolopenNew York
Camp PoriUpper Peninsula, Michigan
Camp PryorOklahoma
Camp Raconear Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Camp ReedsburgWisconsin
Camp ReynoldsPennsylvania
Camp RhinelanderWisconsin
Camp RiponWisconsin
Camp Jos. T. RobinsonArkansas
Camp RockfieldWisconsin
Camp Roswell14 miles SE of Roswell, New Mexico1942-1946: German POWs.
Camp RuckerAlabama
Camp RupertIdaho
Camp RustonLouisiana
Camp San Luis ObispoCaliforniaHeld Italian POWs
Camp Santa FeNew Mexico
Camp Thomas A. ScottFort Wayne, IndianaCamp Scott held more than 600 German POWs from the Afrika Korps from late 1944 until the camp closed in November 1945.[12][13]
Camp ScottsbluffNebraska
Camp Shanks(Point of embarkation) New York
camp in McMillan WoodsGettysburg Battlefield, Pennsylvaniasame commander as Camp Michaux camp
Camp SheboyganWisconsin
Camp ShelbyMississippi
Camp SibertAlabama
Camp SidnawSidnaw, Michigan
Camp SomersetMaryland
Camp StarkNew Hampshire
Camp StewartGeorgia
Camp StocktonCalifornia
Fort StrongBoston, Massachusetts
Stringtown POW CampAtoka, Oklahoma
Camp Sturgeon BayWisconsin
Camp SturtevantWisconsin
Camp SuttonNorth Carolina
Camp SwiftBastrop, TexasCamp Thomasville, Georgia. Large German pow camp 2 miles outside of Thomasville. Following WWII, the facilities were taken over by the Veterans Administration with both a hospital and large domiciliary complement. Facilities now serve as an adjunct to the state's mental health program.
Camp ThorntonIllinois
Camp TiptonOklahoma
Camp TishomingoOklahoma
Camp TonkawaOklahomaSite of murder of Johannes Kunze by five fellow German POWs, who were subsequently tried, found guilty, hanged, and buried in the Fort Leavenworth Military Prison Cemetery.
Camp TooeleUtahPOW Camp, Co.1, Tooele (original postage)
Camp TrinidadColoradoA 150-foot (46 m) electrically-lighted escape tunnel was discovered by authorities. This was probably a coal mining tunnel in that Engleville was coal mining camp where this POW camp is purported to be located. Coal mining was prominent in the late 1870s to the 1950s. A few continued into the early 1970s in Las Animas county where Trinidad is located.
Camp Van DornMississippi
Camp WallaceGalveston County, Texas
Camp WarnerOregon
Camp WashingtonWashington (near Peoria), IllinoisReinhold Pabel escaped on 9 September 1945 and was recaptured in Chicago in March 1953
Camp WaterlooMichigan
Camp WaterlooWisconsin
Camp WaupunWisconsin
Camp WaynokaOklahoma
Camp Weeping WaterNebraska
Camp WellsMinnesota
Camp WeingartenBetween Farmington and Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
Camp WhartonWharton, Texas
Camp WheelerGeorgia
Camp WhiteOregon
Camp White RockDallas, TexasA former CCC camp it was used for POWs who were with Rommel's Afrika Corps. After the war it became a men's dormitory for Southern Methodist University for the influx of students after the war and now is a Dallas park called Winfrey Point by White Rock Lake.
Camp Wisconsin RapidsWisconsin
Cushing General HospitalMassachusetts
Camp WoltersTexas
Corpus Christi Naval Air StationCorpus Christi, Texas
Drew FieldFloridaNow Tampa International Airport and Drew Park
Edgewood ArsenalMaryland
Eglin Army Air FieldFlorida
Fort Benjamin HarrisonIndiana
Fort BenningGeorgia
Fort BlissTexas
Fort BraggNorth Carolina
Fort CampbellKentucky
Fort CrockettGalveston, Texas
Fort CurtisVirginia
Fort CusterMichiganIn Section B of Fort Custer National Cemetery, there are 26 German graves. Sixteen of the men were killed or died as a result of an accident on October 31, 1945.
Fort DevensDevens, MassachusettsOne of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Camp Campbell and Camp McCain, Mississippi.[3]
Fort DixNew JerseyHarry Girth escaped in June 1946 and surrendered to authorities in New York City in 1953.
Fort DrumNew York
Fort DuPontDelaware
Fort EustisVirginia
Fort GordonGeorgia
Fort JacksonSouth Carolina
Fort KearnyRhode Island
Fort KnoxKentucky
Fort LawtonWashingtonA riot by Negro soldiers took place over preferential treatment given to Italian and German POWs. One Italian POW was lynched, and Leon Jaworski was the military prosecutor.

The Italian and one German POW who committed suicide rather than be repatriated are buried just outside the post cemetery boundaries.

Fort LeavenworthKansas
Fort Leonard WoodMissouri
Fort LewisBetween Olympia and Tacoma, Washington
Fort McClellanAlabama
Fort MeadeMarylandFort Meade housed about 4,000 German and Italian POWs during World War II.

Thirty-three German POWs and two Italian POWs are now buried in the post cemetery.

The most famous of those buried on the installation is German submariner Werner Henke, who was shot while trying to escape from a secret interrogation center at Fort Hunt, Virginia.

The captain is the sole German Navy officer buried among enlisted German Army soldiers.

Fort NiagaraNew YorkFort Niagara, along with Camp Drum (currently Fort Drum) maintained several sub- or branch camps in other NY locations, including Geneseo, NY.[14]
Fort OglethorpeGeorgia
Fort OmahaOmaha, Nebraska
Fort OrdCaliforniaA 120-foot (37 m) nearly-completed escape tunnel was discovered by authorities.[15]
Fort Patrick HenryVirginia
Fort RenoOklahoma
Fort RileyKansas
Fort RobinsonNebraska
Fort RuckerAlabama
Fort D.A. RussellTexas
Fort Sam HoustonTexas
Fort SheridanIllinois
Fort SillLawton, Oklahoma
Fort SumnerNew Mexico
Fort F.E. WarrenWyoming
Glennan General HospitalOklahoma

Grider Field, Pine Bluff Arkansas

Halloran General HospitalNew York
Hammond Northshore Regional AirportLouisiana
Hampton Roads Port of EmbarkationVirginia
Indiantown Gap Military ReservationPennsylvania
Holabird Signal DepotMaryland
Lovell General HospitalMassachusetts
McCloskey General HospitalTexas
Memphis General DepotTennessee
Naval Air Station Whiting FieldMilton, Florida
New Orleans Port of EmbarkationLouisiana
Olmstead FieldPennsylvania
Patterson FieldOhio
Port Johnson[16]New Jersey
Pine Bluff ArsenalArkansas
Richmond ASF DepotVirginia
Tobyhanna Military ReservationPennsylvania
Valley ForgePennsylvaniaValley Forge General Hospital, later the Golf Course area
Waltham Memorial HospitalWaltham, Massachusetts
Westover FieldMassachusetts
Windfall Indiana World War II POW CampIndiana
Camp HaanCalifornia
Camp Tyson POW CampParis, Tennessee
Rose HillRocky Mountain Arsenal, Colorado

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Chip Walker (1985). "German Creative Activities in Camp Aliceville, 1943-1946". The Alabama Review 38: 19–37. 
  2. ^ "News from the Bowie Camp 1943" Written account from Joseph Lehman to friend Margie Krumpleman
  3. ^ a b c Krammer, Arnold (1 January 1996). Nazi Prisoners of War in America. Scarborough House. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-8128-8561-3. 
  4. ^ [1] Father's memories of POWs spur teacher's research of central Michigan camps
  5. ^ Jack Hamann, "On American Soil: Camp Florence, Arizona"
  6. ^ [2][broken citation]
  7. ^ Camp Hale Prisoners of War
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ Camp Howze 1944 1945 " from a long term resident at the camp written to his girlfriend"
  10. ^ "August 1943 description of the Camp Maxey" Letters from Camp Maxey
  11. ^ Buck, Anita Albrecht (1998). Behind Barbed Wire: German Prisoners of War in Minnesota During World War II. St. Cloud, Minn.: North Star Press of St. Cloud, Inc. ISBN 0-87839-113-4. 
  12. ^ "World War II Camp Had Impact on CIty" by Michael Hawfield, The News-Sentinel 15 December 1990
  13. ^ Camp Thomas A. Scott - Fort Wayne, Indiana - WWII Prisoner of War Camps on Waymarking.com
  14. ^ Cook, William R.; Daniel J. Schultz (2004). Around Geneseo. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3496-X.
  15. ^ [4]
  16. ^ http://www.colorantshistory.org/ItalianPOWCamp.html

External links[edit]