List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in the United States

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Prisoner-of-war camps in the United States during World War II.

In the United States, at the end of World War II, there were 175 Branch Camps serving 511 Area Camps containing over 425,000 prisoners of war (mostly German). The camps were located all over the US but were mostly in the South because of the higher expense of heating the barracks in other areas. Eventually, every state (with the exceptions of Nevada, North Dakota, and Vermont) had POW camps. Some of the camps had to be designated "segregation camps" and used to separate the Nazi "true believers" from the rest of the prisoners, whom they terrorized and even killed for being friendly with their American captors.[1]

CampStateCity or CountyNotes
Newton D BakerWest VirginiaMartinsburg
Base Camp (Belle Mead)New Jersey
Fort Dix (Fort John Adams)New Jersey
Jersey City Quartermaster Supply DepotNew JerseyCaven Point, Jersey City[2]
Boston Port of EmbarkationMassachusettsBoston
Camp AlleganMichigan
Camp AntigoWisconsin
Bradley FieldConnecticut
Camp AdairOregonBenton County
Camp AlbuquerqueNew Mexico
Camp AlgomaIdaho
Camp AlgonaIowa
Camp AlicevilleAlabamaOpened in 1943, a segregation camp from 1944.[1]
Camp AllenVirginiaNorfolk
Camp AlvaOklahomaOne of the first segregation camps.[1]
Camp AndrewsMassachusettsBoston Harbor
Camp Angel IslandCalifornia
Camp AshbyVirginia
Camp AshfordWest Virginia
Camp AtlantaNebraska
Camp AtterburyIndianaHoused 3,500 Italians and later 10,000 Germans
Camp AuTrainMichiganAuTrain
Camp BarkeleyTexas
Camp BarronWisconsin
Camp BassettArkansas
Camp BastropLouisianaKurt Richard Westphal escaped in August 1945 and was recaptured in Hamburg, Germany, in 1954.
Camp BayfieldWisconsin
Camp BealeCalifornia
Camp Beaver DamWisconsin
Camp Billy MitchellWisconsin
Camp BlandingFlorida
Camp BowieTexasSee: "News from the Bowie Camp 1943," a written account from Joseph Lehman to a friend.
Camp BradyTexas
Camp BreckinridgeKentucky
Camp BrinerNorth Carolina
Camp BullisTexasSan Antonio
Camp ButnerNorth CarolinaKurt Rossmeisl escaped on 4 August 1945 and surrendered in 1959.
Camp CambriaWisconsin
Camp CampbellKentuckyOne of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Fort Devens, Massachusetts and Camp McCain.[3]
Camp CarsonColorado
Camp ChaffeeArkansasSebastian County
Camp ChaseOhio
Camp ChickashaOklahomaGrady County
Camp ChiltonWisconsin
Camp ClaiborneLouisiana
Camp ClarindaIowa
Camp ClarkMissouri
Camp ClintonMississippiHoused German POW's from the Afrika Korps after their defeat in North Africa
Camp CobbWisconsin
Camp ColumbusWisconsin
Camp ComoMississippi
Camp ConcordiaKansas
Camp CookeCalifornia
Camp CroftSouth Carolina
Camp CrossvilleTennessee
Camp CrowderMissouri
Camp DavidMaryland
Camp DawsonWest Virginia
Camp DemingNew MexicoGeorg Gärtner escaped on 21 September 1945, and finally surrendered in 1985. He was the last escapee, having remained at large for 40 years.
Camp DermottArkansas
Camp DouglasWyoming
Camp DundeeMichiganTwo escaped. Used a railroad box car. Recaptured: Roanoke, Va.[4]
Camp Eau ClaireWisconsin
Camp EdwardsMassachusettsFalmouth
Camp EllisIllinois
Thibodaux, LouisianaLouisianaThibodauxHoused German POW's from the Afrika Corps after defeat in North Africa. Camp was located in North Thibodaux along Coulon Road.
Camp EuniceLouisiana
Camp EvelynMichiganAlger County
Camp FaribaultMinnesota
Camp FanninTexasTylerLocated on the campus of the now University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler.
Camp FlorenceArizonaFlorenceLargest all-new prisoner of war compound ever constructed on American soil.[5]
Camp Fond du LacWisconsin
Camp ForrestTennesseeTullahomaFirst attempted escape by two German POWs on 5 November 1942.
Camp Fox LakeWisconsin
Camp FredoniaWisconsinLittle Kohler
Camp FreelandMichiganFreelandThe current site of the TriCity Airport (MBS)
Camp GalesvilleWisconsin
Camp Gene AutryOklahomaArdmore Army Air Field
Camp GenesseeWisconsin
Camp GermfaskMichiganGermfask
Camp GrantIllinoisRockford
Camp GreeleyColoradoGreeley
Camp Green LakeWisconsin
Camp GruberOklahomaMuskogee
Camp HaleColoradoPando-Leadville[6]
Camp GueydanLouisiana
Camp HartfordWisconsin
Camp HearneTexasHearne[7]
Camp HerefordTexasDeaf Smith CountyOnly for Italians[8]
Camp HobartOklahoma
Camp HoffmanMarylandClose to Fort Lincoln and held over 5,000 confederate soldiers
Camp HoodTexas
Camp Horseshoe RanchOklahomaHickory
Camp HortonvilleWisconsin
Camp HoultonMaine
Camp HowzeTexas[9]
Camp HulenTexasPalacios
Camp HuntsdalePennsylvania
Camp HuntsvilleTexasOne of the first segregation camps.[1]
Camp IndianolaNebraska
Camp JanesvilleWisconsin
Camp JeffersonWisconsin
Camp JeromeArkansas
Camp KaplanLouisiana
Camp Lake KeesusWisconsin
Camp Las CrucesNew MexidoLas CrusesWerner Paul Lueck escaped in November 1945 and was recaptured in Mexico City in 1954.
Camp LeeVirginia
Camp LivingstonLouisiana
Camp LockettCalifornia
Camp LodiWisconsin
Camp LordsburgNew MexicoLordsburg1942-1945: held Japanese-American internees, and then German and Italian POWs.
Camp MackallNorth CarolinaHoffman
Camp MarkesanWisconsin
Camp MarshfieldWisconsin
Camp McAlesterOklahoma
Camp McCainMississippiOne of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Camp Campbell and Fort Devens, Massachusetts.[3]
Camp McCoyWisconsinGerman POWs
Camp McKayMassachusettsConstructed for prisoners, later reused for housing after the war
Camp McLeanTexas
Camp MackanNorth Carolina
Camp MaxeyTexas[10]
Camp MexiaTexas
Camp MilltownWisconsin
Fort MissoulaMontanaMissoula1941-1944: Italian POWs.
Camp Myles StandishMassachusettsTaunton
Camp MonticelloArkansas
Camp MontgomeryMinnesota
Camp Natural BridgeNew YorkWest Point(German)
Camp New CumberlandPennsylvania
Camp New UlmMinnesotaNew UlmFortuitously located outside a city where many locals still spoke German. The camp buildings are preserved in Flandrau State Park and are available for rent as a group center.[11]
Camp OakfieldWisconsin
Camp OgdenUtah
Camp Oklahoma CityOklahomaOklahoma CityOn site of Will Rogers World Airport, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Camp OnoCaliforniaSan Bernardino(Italian)
Camp OpelikaAlabama
Camp OwossoMichiganShlawassee County
Camp OwatonnaMinnesota
Camp Patrick HenryVirginia
Camp Papago ParkArizonaGermany's "Great Escape" was from a 200-foot (61 m) tunnel by 25 prisoners on 24 December 1944.
Camp Pauls ValleyOklahoma
Camp PearyVirginia
Camp PerryOhio
Camp PhilipsKansas
Camp PickettVirginia
Camp PimaArizonaOne of the first segregation camps.[1]
Camp PineNew YorkGreen Lakes State Park
Camp MichauxPennsylvaniaCumberland CountyLocated near Pine Grove Furnace State Park. Same commander as Gettysburg Battlefield camp.
Camp PlymouthWisconsin
Camp PolkLouisiana
Camp PomonaCalifornia
Camp PopolopenNew York
Camp PoriMichiganUpper Peninsula
Camp PryorOklahoma
Camp RacoMichiganSault Ste. Marie
Camp ReedsburgWisconsin
Camp ReynoldsPennsylvania
Camp RhinelanderWisconsin
Camp RiponWisconsin
Camp Jos. T. RobinsonArkansas
Camp RockfieldWisconsin
Camp RoswellNew MexicoLocated 14 miles SE of Roswell, NM. 1942-1946: German POWs.
Camp RuckerAlabama
Camp RupertIdaho
Camp RustonLouisiana
Camp San Luis ObispoCaliforniaHeld Italian POWs
Camp Santa FeNew Mexico
Camp Thomas A. ScottIndianaFort WayneCamp Scott held more than 600 German POWs from the Afrika Korps from late 1944 until the camp closed in November 1945.[12][13]
Camp ScottsbluffNebraska
Camp ShanksNew York
camp in McMillan WoodsPennsylvaniaGettysburg BattlefieldSame commander as Camp Michaux camp.
Camp SheboyganWisconsin
Camp ShelbyMississippi
Camp SibertAlabama
Camp SidnawMichiganSidnaw
Camp SomersetMaryland
Camp StarkNew Hampshire
Camp StewartGeorgia
Camp StocktonCalifornia
Fort StrongMassachusettsBoston
Stringtown POW CampOklahomaAtoka
Camp Sturgeon BayWisconsin
Camp SturtevantWisconsin
Camp SuttonNorth Carolina
Camp SwiftTexasBastropCamp Thomasville, Georgia. Large German pow camp 2 miles outside of Thomasville. Following WWII, the facilities were taken over by the Veterans Administration with both a hospital and large domiciliary complement. Facilities now serve as an adjunct to the state's mental health program.
Camp ThorntonIllinois
Camp TiptonOklahoma
Camp TishomingoOklahoma
Camp TonkawaOklahomaSite of murder of Johannes Kunze by five fellow German POWs, who were subsequently tried, found guilty, hanged, and buried in the Fort Leavenworth Military Prison Cemetery.
Camp TooeleUtahPOW Camp, Co.1, Tooele (original postage)
Camp TrinidadColoradoA 150-foot (46 m) electrically-lighted escape tunnel was discovered by authorities. This was probably a coal mining tunnel in that Engleville was coal mining camp where this POW camp is purported to be located. Coal mining was prominent in the late 1870s to the 1950s. A few continued into the early 1970s in Las Animas county where Trinidad is located.
Camp Van DornMississippi
Camp WallaceTexasGalveston County
Camp WarnerOregon
Camp WashingtonIllinoisWashingtonReinhold Pabel escaped on 9 September 1945 and was recaptured in Chicago in March 1953
Camp WaterlooMichiganHeinz Eschweiler, a 27 year old German POW, escaped and gave himself up 3 miles north of camp. Capt. Bruce Beiber, commandant at Waterloo, said the prisoner surrendered to Ernest Riemenschneider, who turned him over to state police. The camp housed German Prisoners of War in 1944 and 1945. [14]
Camp WaterlooWisconsin
Camp WaupunWisconsin
Camp WaynokaOklahoma
Camp Weeping WaterNebraska
Camp WellsMinnesota
Camp WeingartenMissouriLocated between Farmington and Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
Camp WhartonTexasWharton
Camp WheelerGeorgia
Camp WhiteOregon
Camp White RockTexasDallasA former CCC camp it was used for POWs who were with Rommel's Afrika Corps. After the war it became a men's dormitory for Southern Methodist University for the influx of students after the war and now is a Dallas park called Winfrey Point by White Rock Lake.
Camp Wisconsin RapidsWisconsin
Cushing General HospitalMassachusetts
Camp WoltersTexas
Corpus Christi Naval Air StationTexasCorpus Christi
Drew FieldFloridaNow Tampa International Airport and Drew Park.
Edgewood ArsenalMaryland
Eglin Army Air FieldFlorida
Fort Benjamin HarrisonIndiana
Fort BenningGeorgia
Fort BlissTexas
Fort BraggNorth Carolina
Fort CampbellKentucky
Fort CrockettTexasGalveston
Fort CurtisVirginia
Fort CusterMichiganIn Section B of Fort Custer National Cemetery, there are 26 German graves. Sixteen of the men were killed or died as a result of an accident on October 31, 1945.
Fort DevensMassachusettsDevensOne of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Camp Campbell and Camp McCain, Mississippi.[3]
Fort DixNew JerseyHarry Girth escaped in June 1946 and surrendered to authorities in New York City in 1953.
Fort DrumNew York
Fort DuPontDelaware
Fort EustisVirginia
Fort GordonGeorgia
Fort JacksonSouth Carolina
Fort KearnyRhode Island
Fort KnoxKentucky
Fort LawtonWashingtonA riot by Negro soldiers took place over preferential treatment given to Italian and German POWs. One Italian POW was lynched, and Leon Jaworski was the military prosecutor.

The Italian and one German POW who committed suicide rather than be repatriated are buried just outside the post cemetery boundaries.

Fort LeavenworthKansas
Fort Leonard WoodMissouri
Fort LewisWashingtonLocated between Olympia and Tacoma, Washington.
Fort McClellanAlabama
Fort MeadeMarylandFort Meade housed about 4,000 German and Italian POWs during World War II. Thirty-three German POWs and two Italian POWs are now buried in the post cemetery. The most famous of those buried on the installation is German submariner Werner Henke, who was shot while trying to escape from a secret interrogation center at Fort Hunt, Virginia.
Fort NiagaraNew YorkFort Niagara, along with Camp Drum (currently Fort Drum) maintained several sub- or branch camps in other NY locations, including Geneseo, NY.[15]
Fort OglethorpeGeorgia
Fort OmahaNebraskaOmaha
Fort OrdCaliforniaA 120-foot (37 m) nearly-completed escape tunnel was discovered by authorities.[16]
Fort Patrick HenryVirginia
Fort RenoOklahoma
Fort RileyKansas
Fort RobinsonNebraska
Fort RuckerAlabama
Fort D.A. RussellTexas
Fort Sam HoustonTexas
Fort SheridanIllinois
Fort SillOklahomaLawton
Fort SumnerNew Mexico
Fort F.E. WarrenWyoming
Glennan General HospitalOklahoma
Grider FieldArkansasPine Bluff
Halloran General HospitalNew York
Hammond Northshore Regional AirportLouisiana
Hampton Roads Port of EmbarkationVirginia
Indiantown Gap Military ReservationPennsylvania
Holabird Signal DepotMaryland
Lovell General HospitalMassachusetts
McCloskey General HospitalTexas
Memphis General DepotTennessee
Naval Air Station Whiting FieldFloridaMilton
New Orleans Port of EmbarkationLouisiana
Olmstead FieldPennsylvania
Patterson FieldOhio
Port JohnsonNew Jersey[17]
Pine Bluff ArsenalArkansas
Richmond ASF DepotVirginia
Tobyhanna Military ReservationPennsylvania
Valley Forge General HospitalPennsylvania
Waltham Memorial HospitalMassachusettsWaltham
Westover FieldMassachusetts
Windfall Indiana World War II POW CampIndiana
Camp HaanCalifornia
Camp Tyson POW CampTennesseeParis
Rose HillColoradoRocky Mountain Arsenal

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Chip Walker (1985). "German Creative Activities in Camp Aliceville, 1943-1946". The Alabama Review 38: 19–37. 
  2. ^ http://wikimapia.org/12374348/Fomer-Site-of-the-Caven-Point-Army-Depot
  3. ^ a b c Krammer, Arnold (1 January 1996). Nazi Prisoners of War in America. Scarborough House. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-8128-8561-3. 
  4. ^ [1] Father's memories of POWs spur teacher's research of central Michigan camps
  5. ^ Jack Hamann, "On American Soil: Camp Florence, Arizona."
  6. ^ Camp Hale Prisoners of War
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ "Account from the Hereford Camp" for more see reference therein.
  9. ^ Camp Howze 1944 1945 " from a long term resident at the camp written to his girlfriend"
  10. ^ "August 1943 description of the Camp Maxey" Letters from Camp Maxey
  11. ^ Buck, Anita Albrecht (1998). Behind Barbed Wire: German Prisoners of War in Minnesota During World War II. St. Cloud, Minn.: North Star Press of St. Cloud, Inc. ISBN 0-87839-113-4. 
  12. ^ "World War II Camp Had Impact on CIty" by Michael Hawfield, The News-Sentinel 15 December 1990
  13. ^ Camp Thomas A. Scott - Fort Wayne, Indiana - WWII Prisoner of War Camps on Waymarking.com
  14. ^ http://www.mlive.com/news/jackson/index.ssf/2011/10/waterloo_township_officials_sa.html
  15. ^ Cook, William R.; Daniel J. Schultz (2004). Around Geneseo. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3496-X.
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ Colorado History.org

External links[edit]