List of birds of Oregon

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The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird.

This list of Oregon birds enumerates wild bird species found in the U.S. state of Oregon. There are between four and five hundred species regularly known to frequent the state, with another hundred or more that are occasionally or rarely seen.[1][2]

Bird counts often change depending on factors such as the number and training of the observers, as well as opinions about what constitutes an officially recognized subspecies. Though northern climes typically do not support as many species as southerly locations, Oregon is fifth in bird species diversity in the United States, behind Florida, New Mexico, Texas, and California.[1] This amount of diversity is attributable to Oregon's numerous distinctive ecoregions and relatively mild winter weather, which makes it an important wintering ground for migratory bird species, especially waterfowl, on the Pacific Flyway.

Another result of the state's varying ecology is the 120 Important Bird Areas, such as the Jackson Bottom Wetlands Preserve, that are officially recognized as important conservation sites for birds.[3] Many of these dedicated wildlife refuges have become meccas for birding enthusiasts, and Oregon has participated in formally organized birding activities such as the Christmas Bird Count since the early 1900s.[4] Other areas are closed to human access but are very popular with birds, such as Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge which spans some 250 miles (400 km) of the Oregon Coast.

As an important U.S. region of bird diversity, Oregon has faced some serious challenges in protecting endangered and threatened avian species. In addition to high profile, threatened species such as the Northern Spotted Owl and Snowy Plover, even many common species—including Oregon's state bird, the Western Meadowlark—have declined considerably due to hunting, habitat loss, and other factors.[5]


Table of contents
AnseriformesGalliformesGaviiformesPodicipediformesProcellariiformesCiconiiformesFalconiformesGruiformesCharadriiformesColumbiformesCuculiformesStrigiformesCaprimulgiformesApodiformesCoraciiformesPiciformesPasseriformes
 

See also        References        External links

Order Anseriformes[edit]

Family Anatidae[edit]

Subfamily Dendrocygninae
Subfamily Anserinae
Subfamily Anatinae

Order Galliformes[edit]

Family Phasianidae[edit]

Subfamily Phasianinae
Subfamily Tetraoninae
Subfamily Meleagridinae

Family Odontophoridae[edit]

Order Gaviiformes[edit]

Family Gaviidae[edit]

Order Podicipediformes[edit]

Family Podicipedidae[edit]

Order Procellariiformes[edit]

Family Diomedeidae[edit]

Family Procellariidae[edit]

Family Hydrobatidae[edit]

Order Pelecaniformes[edit]

Family Sulidae[edit]

Family Pelecanidae[edit]

Family Phalacrocoracidae[edit]

Family Fregatidae[edit]


Order Ciconiiformes[edit]

Family Ardeidae[edit]

Family Threskiornithidae[edit]

Subfamily Threskiornithinae


Order Falconiformes[edit]

Family Cathartidae[edit]

Family Accipitridae[edit]

Subfamily Pandioninae
Subfamily Accepitrinae

Family Falconidae[edit]

Subfamily Caracarinae
Subfamily Falconinae


Order Gruiformes[edit]

Family Rallidae[edit]

Family Gruidae[edit]

Subfamily Gruinae

Order Charadriiformes[edit]

Family Charadriidae[edit]

Subfamily Charadriinae

Family Haematopodidae[edit]

Family Recurvirostridae[edit]

Family Scolopacidae[edit]

Subfamily Scolopacinae
Subfamily Phalaropodinae

Family Laridae[edit]

Subfamily Larinae
Subfamily Sterninae

Family Stercorariidae[edit]

Family Alcidae[edit]


Order Columbiformes[edit]

Family Columbidae[edit]


Order Cuculiformes[edit]

Family Cuculidae[edit]

Order Strigiformes[edit]

Family Tytonidae[edit]

Family Strigidae[edit]

Order Caprimulgiformes[edit]

Family Caprimulgidae[edit]

Subfamily Chordeilinae
Subfamily Caprimulginae

Order Apodiformes[edit]

Family Apodidae[edit]

Subfamily Cypseloidinae
Subfamily Chaeturinae
Subfamily Apodinae

Family Trochilidae[edit]

Subfamily Trochilinae

Order Coraciiformes[edit]

Family Alcedinidae[edit]

Subfamily Cerylinae

Order Piciformes[edit]

Family Picidae[edit]

Subfamily Picinae


Order Passeriformes[edit]

Family Tyrannidae[edit]

Subfamily Fluvicolinae
Subfamily Tyranninae

Family Laniidae[edit]

Family Vireonidae[edit]

Family Corvidae[edit]

Family Alaudidae[edit]

Family Hirundinidae[edit]

Subfamily Hirundininae

Family Paridae[edit]

Family Aegithalidae[edit]

Family Sittidae[edit]

Subfamily Sittinae

Family Certhiidae[edit]

Subfamily Certhiinae

Family Troglodytidae[edit]

Family Cinclidae[edit]

Family Regulidae[edit]

Family Sylviidae[edit]

Subfamily Polioptilinae

Family Muscicapidae[edit]

Family Turdidae[edit]

Family Timaliidae[edit]

Family Mimidae[edit]

Family Sturnidae[edit]

Family Motacillidae[edit]

Family Bombycillidae[edit]

Family Ptiliogonatidae[edit]

Family Calcariidae[edit]

Family Parulidae[edit]

Family Emberizidae[edit]

Family Cardinalidae[edit]

Family Icteridae[edit]

Family Fringillidae[edit]

Subfamily Fringillinae
Subfamily Carduelinae

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marshall, David B.; Hunter, Matthew G.; Contreras, Alan L. (2006). Birds of Oregon: A General Reference. Oregon State University Press. ISBN 0-87071-182-2. 
  2. ^ "Official Checklist of Oregon Birds". Oregon Field Ornithologists. May 2008. 
  3. ^ "Important Bird Areas". Audubon Society of Portland. Retrieved January 12, 2009. 
  4. ^ Stahlberg, Mike (January 10, 2000). "Faithful Oregon birders carry on annual census begun 100 years ago". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). Retrieved January 12, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Common yard birds disappearing in Oregon". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). June 16, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2009.