List of Olympic medalists in figure skating

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The medalists of the 2010 Winter Olympics Ladies' singles. From left to right: Mao Asada of Japan (silver), Yuna Kim of South Korea (gold), and Joannie Rochette of Canada (bronze).

Figure skating was first contested as an Olympic sport at the 1908 Summer Olympics, in London, United Kingdom. As this traditional winter sport could be conducted indoors, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved its inclusion in the Summer Olympics program.[1] It was featured a second time at the Antwerp Games,[2] after which it was permanently transferred to the program of the Winter Olympic Games, first held in 1924 in Chamonix, France.[1] In London, figure skating was presented in four events: men's singles, women's singles, men's special figures, and mixed pairs. The special figures contest was won by Russian Nikolai Panin, who gave his country its first ever Olympic gold medal.[3] He remains the event's sole winner, as it was subsequently dropped from the program. Once a demonstration event at Grenoble 1968, ice dancing has been an official medal-awarding Olympic figure skating event since it was introduced in 1976.[2]

Swedish figure skater Gillis Grafström—who competed in four consecutive Olympics, from the 1920 Summer Games to the 1932 Winter Games—is the overall medal leader in the sport, having collected four medals.[4] He is the only man to have won three consecutive singles gold medals, and one of five sportspeople to win medals at both the Summer and Winter Olympics.[5] Grafström followed the footsteps of countryman Ulrich Salchow, the first Olympic champion and creator of the jump bearing his name, who later became president of the International Skating Union (ISU).[6] Eleven figure skaters have won three medals: Sonja Henie (Norway) and Irina Rodnina (Soviet Union), winners of three consecutive titles in the ladies' singles (1928–1936) and pairs (1972–1980) events, respectively; Pierre Brunet and wife Andrée Brunet (France), 1928–1932 pairs champions; Shen Xue and Zhao Hongbo (China), the 2010 pairs gold medalists; ice dancers Marina Klimova and Sergei Ponomarenko (Soviet Union and Unified Team); Artur Dmitriev (Unified Team and Russia); Evgeni Plushenko (Russia) and Beatrix Loughran (United States), medalist in both singles and pairs.[7]

Besides Grafström and Henie, only Karl Schäfer (Austria), Dick Button (United States), and Katarina Witt (East Germany) successfully defended their singles titles. Rodnina's two-time partner Alexander Zaitsev, Ludmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov (Soviet Union), in the pairs, and Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov (Russia), in ice dance, also retained their gold medals. Ekaterina Gordeeva and Sergei Grinkov are also two-time Olympic champions: they won the pairs competition in 1988 for the Soviet Union, and repeated the victory at the Lillehammer Games representing Russia.[8]

As of the 2010 Winter Olympics, the United States leads the medal count with a total of 46 medals: 14 gold, 16 silver, and 16 bronze. Canada and Russia are tied with 22 medals — although Russia has won more gold medals (12 versus 4) — while Austria is the third National Olympic Committee (NOC) country with the most medals, at 20. On two occasions, one country accomplished a medal sweep: Sweden in the 1908 men's singles, and the United States in the 1956 men's singles. From 1964 to 2006, Russian figure skaters—representing the Soviet Union, the Unified Team, or Russia—have always won a gold medal in the pairs event, in what is the longest series of victories for one country in one event.[5] A total of 240 medals (81 gold, 79 silver, and 80 bronze) have been won by figure skaters representing 25 NOC countries.

Table of contents
MenSingles
LadiesSingles
MixedPairs • Ice dancing
DiscontinuedSpecial figures (men)

Statistics        See also        References

Men[edit]

A male figure skater poses for a shot at an indoor ice rink; the background is very blurred.
Ulrich Salchow of Sweden, creator of the Salchow jump, was the first Olympic champion in men's figure skating.
A male figure skater looks at the camera while performing a figure skating element on an outdoor ice rink.
Swedish Gillis Grafström, is the Olympic figure skating medal leader (4) and the only three-time gold medalist in the men's singles.
A blond male figure skater dressed in a black suit with glitters moves around on an ice rink.
Russian Evgeni Plushenko won the 2006 singles title with a world record short program score.[9]
A male figure skater poses with crossed arms for a shot at an indoor ice rink; the background is very blurred.
Nikolai Panin of Russia, the sole winner of the special figures event

Singles[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1908 London
details
 Ulrich Salchow (SWE) Richard Johansson (SWE) Per Thorén (SWE)
1912 Stockholmnot included in the Olympic program
1920 Antwerp
details
 Gillis Grafström (SWE) Andreas Krogh (NOR) Martin Stixrud (NOR)
1924 Chamonix
details
 Gillis Grafström (SWE) Willy Böckl (AUT) Georges Gautschi (SUI)
1928 St. Moritz
details
 Gillis Grafström (SWE) Willy Böckl (AUT) Robert van Zeebroeck (BEL)
1932 Lake Placid
details
 Karl Schäfer (AUT) Gillis Grafström (SWE) Montgomery Wilson (CAN)
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen
details
 Karl Schäfer (AUT) Ernst Baier (GER) Felix Kaspar (AUT)
1948 St. Moritz
details
 Dick Button (USA) Hans Gerschwiler (SUI) Edi Rada (AUT)
1952 Oslo
details
 Dick Button (USA) Helmut Seibt (AUT) James Grogan (USA)
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo
details
 Hayes Alan Jenkins (USA) Ronnie Robertson (USA) David Jenkins (USA)
1960 Squaw Valley
details
 David Jenkins (USA) Karol Divín (TCH) Donald Jackson (CAN)
1964 Innsbruck
details
 Manfred Schnelldorfer (EUA) Alain Calmat (FRA) Scott Allen (USA)
1968 Grenoble
details
 Wolfgang Schwarz (AUT) Timothy Wood (USA) Patrick Péra (FRA)
1972 Sapporo
details
 Ondrej Nepela (TCH) Sergei Chetverukhin (URS) Patrick Péra (FRA)
1976 Innsbruck
details
 John Curry (GBR) Vladimir Kovalev (URS) Toller Cranston (CAN)
1980 Lake Placid
details
 Robin Cousins (GBR) Jan Hoffmann (GDR) Charles Tickner (USA)
1984 Sarajevo
details
 Scott Hamilton (USA) Brian Orser (CAN) Jozef Sabovčík (TCH)
1988 Calgary
details
 Brian Boitano (USA) Brian Orser (CAN) Viktor Petrenko (URS)
1992 Albertville
details
 Viktor Petrenko (EUN) Paul Wylie (USA) Petr Barna (TCH)
1994 Lillehammer
details
 Alexei Urmanov (RUS) Elvis Stojko (CAN) Philippe Candeloro (FRA)
1998 Nagano
details
 Ilia Kulik (RUS) Elvis Stojko (CAN) Philippe Candeloro (FRA)
2002 Salt Lake City
details
 Alexei Yagudin (RUS) Evgeni Plushenko (RUS) Timothy Goebel (USA)
2006 Turin
details
 Evgeni Plushenko (RUS) Stéphane Lambiel (SUI) Jeffrey Buttle (CAN)
2010 Vancouver
details
 Evan Lysacek (USA) Evgeni Plushenko (RUS) Daisuke Takahashi (JPN)

Special figures[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1908 London
details
 Nikolai Panin (RU1) Arthur Cumming (GBR) Geoffrey Hall-Say (GBR)

Ladies[edit]

A young smiling woman wearing an embroidered hat and a jacket with furred collar and sleeve hems.
Norwegian Sonja Henie holds the record of three consecutive victories in the ladies' individual event (1928–1936).
A young smiling woman wearing a traditional Spanish flamenco dress and head gear, and executing the typical flamenco posture.
East Germany's Katarina Witt won the 1988 ladies' singles gold medal, becoming the second female figure skater to win back-to-back Olympic titles.
Yuna Kim won the ladies' title in 2010 with world record scores for the short program, free skating and overall total.

Singles[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1908 London
details
 Madge Syers (GBR) Elsa Rendschmidt (GER) Dorothy Greenhough-Smith (GBR)
1912 Stockholmnot included in the Olympic program
1920 Antwerp
details
 Magda Julin (SWE) Svea Norén (SWE) Theresa Weld (USA)
1924 Chamonix
details
 Herma Szabo (AUT) Beatrix Loughran (USA) Ethel Muckelt (GBR)
1928 St. Moritz
details
 Sonja Henie (NOR) Fritzi Burger (AUT) Beatrix Loughran (USA)
1932 Lake Placid
details
 Sonja Henie (NOR) Fritzi Burger (AUT) Maribel Vinson (USA)
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen
details
 Sonja Henie (NOR) Cecilia Colledge (GBR) Vivi-Anne Hultén (SWE)
1948 St. Moritz
details
 Barbara Ann Scott (CAN) Eva Pawlik (AUT) Jeannette Altwegg (GBR)
1952 Oslo
details
 Jeannette Altwegg (GBR) Tenley Albright (USA) Jacqueline du Bief (FRA)
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo
details
 Tenley Albright (USA) Carol Heiss (USA) Ingrid Wendl (AUT)
1960 Squaw Valley
details
 Carol Heiss (USA) Sjoukje Dijkstra (NED) Barbara Roles (USA)
1964 Innsbruck
details
 Sjoukje Dijkstra (NED) Regine Heitzer (AUT) Petra Burka (CAN)
1968 Grenoble
details
 Peggy Fleming (USA) Gabriele Seyfert (GDR) Hana Mašková (TCH)
1972 Sapporo
details
 Beatrix Schuba (AUT) Karen Magnussen (CAN) Janet Lynn (USA)
1976 Innsbruck
details
 Dorothy Hamill (USA) Dianne de Leeuw (NED) Christine Errath (GDR)
1980 Lake Placid
details
 Anett Pötzsch (GDR) Linda Fratianne (USA) Dagmar Lurz (FRG)
1984 Sarajevo
details
 Katarina Witt (GDR) Rosalynn Sumners (USA) Kira Ivanova (URS)
1988 Calgary
details
 Katarina Witt (GDR) Elizabeth Manley (CAN) Debi Thomas (USA)
1992 Albertville
details
 Kristi Yamaguchi (USA) Midori Ito (JPN) Nancy Kerrigan (USA)
1994 Lillehammer
details
 Oksana Baiul (UKR) Nancy Kerrigan (USA) Chen Lu (CHN)
1998 Nagano
details
 Tara Lipinski (USA) Michelle Kwan (USA) Chen Lu (CHN)
2002 Salt Lake City
details
 Sarah Hughes (USA) Irina Slutskaya (RUS) Michelle Kwan (USA)
2006 Torino
details
 Shizuka Arakawa (JPN) Sasha Cohen (USA) Irina Slutskaya (RUS)
2010 Vancouver
details
 Yuna Kim (KOR) Mao Asada (JPN) Joannie Rochette (CAN)

Mixed[edit]

Pairs[edit]

A figure skating couple performs a routine at an indoor event, with a blurred section of the audience visible in the back. The man, on the right, hold his female partner close to the ice floor.
Ludmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov's victory in 1964 began a streak of Russian dominance in the pairs event lasting until 2010.
A figure skating couple in front of an indoor arena access tunnel giving autographs to people in the audience. The woman, in the front, looks at a spectator, while her partner signs a piece of paper.
Soviet Union's Irina Rodnina won a record three successive gold medals (1972–1980). In her first victory, she paired with Alexei Ulanov (pictured).
A figure skating couple wearing green-shaded clothing performs a routine. The woman, on the left and ahead of her partner, holds his right hand with her left hand.
Canadian pair Jamie Salé and David Pelletier were given a joint gold medal in 2002, as a result of investigations on a judging scandal.[10]
A figure skating couple wearing black and vivid orange clothing stands at the center of an indoor ice rink with their arms raised, thanking the audience; in the back, a portion of the crowd is visible.
2006 Olympic champions Tatiana Totmianina and Maxim Marinin of Russia
GamesGoldSilverBronze
1908 London
details
 Anna Hübler
and Heinrich Burger (GER)
 Phyllis Johnson
and James H. Johnson (GBR)
 Madge Syers
and Edgar Syers (GBR)
1912 Stockholmnot included in the Olympic program
1920 Antwerp
details
 Ludowika Jakobsson
and Walter Jakobsson (FIN)
 Alexia Bryn
and Yngvar Bryn (NOR)
 Phyllis Johnson
and Basil Williams (GBR)
1924 Chamonix
details
 Helene Engelmann
and Alfred Berger (AUT)
 Ludowika Jakobsson
and Walter Jakobsson (FIN)
 Andrée Joly
and Pierre Brunet (FRA)
1928 St. Moritz
details
 Andrée Joly
and Pierre Brunet (FRA)
 Lilly Scholz
and Otto Kaiser (AUT)
 Melitta Brunner
and Ludwig Wrede (AUT)
1932 Lake Placid
details
 Andrée Brunet
and Pierre Brunet (FRA)
 Beatrix Loughran
and Sherwin Badger (USA)
 Emília Rotter
and László Szollás (HUN)
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen
details
 Maxi Herber
and Ernst Baier (GER)
 Ilse Pausin
and Erik Pausin (AUT)
 Emília Rotter
and László Szollás (HUN)
1948 St. Moritz
details
 Micheline Lannoy
and Pierre Baugniet (BEL)
 Andrea Kékesy
and Ede Király (HUN)
 Suzanne Morrow
and Wallace Diestelmeyer (CAN)
1952 Oslo
details
 Ria Falk
and Paul Falk (GER)
 Karol Kennedy
and Peter Kennedy (USA)
 Marianna Nagy
and László Nagy (HUN)
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo
details
 Sissy Schwarz
and Kurt Oppelt (AUT)
 Frances Dafoe
and Norris Bowden (CAN)
 Marianna Nagy
and László Nagy (HUN)
1960 Squaw Valley
details
 Barbara Wagner
and Robert Paul (CAN)
 Marika Kilius
and Hans-Jürgen Bäumler (EUA)
 Nancy Ludington
and Ronald Ludington (USA)
1964 Innsbruck
details
 Ludmila Belousova
and Oleg Protopopov (URS)
 Marika Kilius
and Hans-Jürgen Bäumler (EUA)
 Debbi Wilkes
and Guy Revell (CAN)
1968 Grenoble
details
 Ludmila Belousova
and Oleg Protopopov (URS)
 Tatyana Zhuk
and Aleksandr Gorelik (URS)
 Margot Glockshuber
and Wolfgang Danne (FRG)
1972 Sapporo
details
 Irina Rodnina
and Alexei Ulanov (URS)
 Lyudmila Smirnova
and Andrei Suraikin (URS)
 Manuela Groß
and Uwe Kagelmann (GDR)
1976 Innsbruck
details
 Irina Rodnina
and Alexander Zaitsev (URS)
 Romy Kermer
and Rolf Österreich (GDR)
 Manuela Groß
and Uwe Kagelmann (GDR)
1980 Lake Placid
details
 Irina Rodnina
and Alexander Zaitsev (URS)
 Marina Cherkasova
and Sergei Shakhrai (URS)
 Manuela Mager
and Uwe Bewersdorf (GDR)
1984 Sarajevo
details
 Elena Valova
and Oleg Vasiliev (URS)
 Kitty Carruthers
and Peter Carruthers (USA)
 Larisa Selezneva
and Oleg Makarov (URS)
1988 Calgary
details
 Ekaterina Gordeeva
and Sergei Grinkov (URS)
 Elena Valova
and Oleg Vasiliev (URS)
 Jill Watson
and Peter Oppegard (USA)
1992 Albertville
details
 Natalia Mishkutenok
and Artur Dmitriev (EUN)
 Elena Bechke
and Denis Petrov (EUN)
 Isabelle Brasseur
and Lloyd Eisler (CAN)
1994 Lillehammer
details
 Ekaterina Gordeeva
and Sergei Grinkov (RUS)
 Natalia Mishkutenok
and Artur Dmitriev (RUS)
 Isabelle Brasseur
and Lloyd Eisler (CAN)
1998 Nagano
details
 Oksana Kazakova
and Artur Dmitriev (RUS)
 Elena Berezhnaya
and Anton Sikharulidze (RUS)
 Mandy Wötzel
and Ingo Steuer (GER)
2002 Salt Lake City
details
 Elena Berezhnaya
and Anton Sikharulidze (RUS)
None awarded[b] Shen Xue
and Zhao Hongbo (CHN)
 Jamie Salé
and David Pelletier (CAN)
2006 Turin
details
 Tatiana Totmianina
and Maxim Marinin (RUS)
 Zhang Dan
and Zhang Hao (CHN)
 Shen Xue
and Zhao Hongbo (CHN)
2010 Vancouver
details
 Shen Xue
and Zhao Hongbo (CHN)
 Pang Qing
and Tong Jian (CHN)
 Aliona Savchenko
and Robin Szolkowy (GER)

Ice dancing[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1976 Innsbruck
details
 Lyudmila Pakhomova
and Aleksandr Gorshkov (URS)
 Irina Moiseyeva
and Andrei Minenkov (URS)
 Colleen O'Connor
and James Millns (USA)
1980 Lake Placid
details
 Natalia Linichuk
and Gennadi Karponossov (URS)
 Krisztina Regőczy
and András Sallay (HUN)
 Irina Moiseyeva
and Andrei Minenkov (URS)
1984 Sarajevo
details
 Jayne Torvill
and Christopher Dean (GBR)
 Natalia Bestemianova
and Andrei Bukin (URS)
 Marina Klimova
and Sergei Ponomarenko (URS)
1988 Calgary
details
 Natalia Bestemianova
and Andrei Bukin (URS)
 Marina Klimova
and Sergei Ponomarenko (URS)
 Tracy Wilson
and Robert McCall (CAN)
1992 Albertville
details
 Marina Klimova
and Sergei Ponomarenko (EUN)
 Isabelle Duchesnay
and Paul Duchesnay (FRA)
 Maya Usova
and Alexander Zhulin (EUN)
1994 Lillehammer
details
 Oksana Grishuk
and Evgeny Platov (RUS)
 Maya Usova
and Alexander Zhulin (RUS)
 Jayne Torvill
and Christopher Dean (GBR)
1998 Nagano
details
 Oksana Grishuk
and Evgeny Platov (RUS)
 Anjelika Krylova
and Oleg Ovsyannikov (RUS)
 Marina Anissina
and Gwendal Peizerat (FRA)
2002 Salt Lake City
details
 Marina Anissina
and Gwendal Peizerat (FRA)
 Irina Lobacheva
and Ilia Averbukh (RUS)
 Barbara Fusar-Poli
and Maurizio Margaglio (ITA)
2006 Turin
details
 Tatiana Navka
and Roman Kostomarov (RUS)
 Tanith Belbin
and Benjamin Agosto (USA)
 Elena Grushina
and Ruslan Goncharov (UKR)
2010 Vancouver
details
 Tessa Virtue
and Scott Moir (CAN)
 Meryl Davis
and Charlie White (USA)
 Oksana Domnina
and Maxim Shabalin (RUS)
An ice dancing couple performing a routine. The man, on the right, is dressed with a dark suit and holds his white-dressed partner by her waist and left hand.
Ice dancers Marina Klimova and Sergei Ponomarenko won a bronze medal in 1984, improved to a silver in 1988, and capped their Olympic appearances with a gold in 1992.
Russian ice dancing pair Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov added the 1994 and 1998 Olympic gold to their four world and three European titles.
Canadian Ice Dance pair Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir receiving their Olympic gold medal at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games. They are the first North American and Canadian ice dance team to win gold as well as the youngest.

Statistics[edit]

Athlete medal leaders[edit]

A woman and a man in figure skating blades stand on an outdoor ice rink posing for a shot. On the left, the woman has both hands in her waist, while the man has his right arm around her left arm.
Sonja Henie and Karl Schäfer (pictured in 1932 in Lake Placid) are two of the sixteen multiple Olympic gold medalists in figure skating.

Athletes who won at least two gold medals or three total medals are listed below.[7]

AthleteNationOlympicsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Grafström, GillisGillis Grafström Sweden (SWE)1920–1932[a]3104
Henie, SonjaSonja Henie Norway (NOR)1928–19363003
Rodnina, IrinaIrina Rodnina Soviet Union (URS)1972–19803003
Dmitriev, ArturArtur Dmitriev Unified Team (EUN)
 Russia (RUS)
1992–19982103
Brunet, PierrePierre Brunet France (FRA)1924–19322013
Brunet, AndréeAndrée Brunet France (FRA)1924–19322013
Plushenko, EvgeniEvgeni Plushenko Russia (RUS)2002–20101203
Ponomarenko, SergeiSergei Ponomarenko Unified Team (EUN)
 Soviet Union (URS)
1984–19921113
Klimova, MarinaMarina Klimova Unified Team (EUN)
 Soviet Union (URS)
1984–19921113
Xue, ShenShen Xue China (CHN)2002–20101023
Hongbo, ZhaoZhao Hongbo China (CHN)2002–20101023
Loughran, BeatrixBeatrix Loughran United States (USA)1924–19320213
Schäfer, KarlKarl Schäfer Austria (AUT)1928–19362002
Button, DickDick Button United States (USA)1948–19522002
Belousova, LudmilaLudmila Belousova Soviet Union (URS)1964–19682002
Protopopov, OlegOleg Protopopov Soviet Union (URS)1964–19682002
Zaitsev, AlexanderAlexander Zaitsev Soviet Union (URS)1976–19802002
Witt, KatarinaKatarina Witt East Germany (GDR)1984–19882002
Gordeeva, EkaterinaEkaterina Gordeeva Soviet Union (URS)
 Russia (RUS)
1988, 19942002
Grinkov, SergeiSergei Grinkov Soviet Union (URS)
 Russia (RUS)
1988, 19942002
Grishuk, OksanaOksana Grishuk Russia (RUS)1994–19982002
Platov, EvgenyEvgeny Platov Russia (RUS)1994–19982002

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Grafström's first gold medal was in the figure skating tournament held during the 1920 Summer Olympics. The remaining medals were won at the 1924–1932 Winter Games.
  2. ^ No silver medal was awarded in the 2002 Olympic figure skating pairs event, as the Canadians Salé and Pelletier were also given a gold medal, in the aftermath of a judging scandal.[10]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Figure Skating". Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 14, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Figure Skating: History". Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 14, 2009. 
  3. ^ Windhausen, John D. (1976). "Russia's First Olympic Victor" (PDF). Journal of Sport History (United States of America: North American Society for Sport History) 3 (1): 35–44. Retrieved July 15, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Gillis Grafström". Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 12, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Factsheet: Records and medals at the Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. February 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Skating and Olympism" (PDF). Olympic Review (Lausanne: International Olympic Committee) (199): 353. May 1984. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "Figure Skating". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 15, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Then & Now: Ekaterina Gordeeva". CNN.com (CNN). June 22, 2005. Retrieved August 6, 2009. 
  9. ^ Mihoces, Gary (February 14, 2006). "Record day for Russia's Plushenko; Weir second". USA Today. Retrieved July 12, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Sale, Pelletier share gold with Russian pair". Salt Lake'02 Winter Games (ESPN). Associated Press. February 15, 2002. Retrieved July 16, 2009. 

External links[edit]