List of Olympic Games host cities

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

Since the Modern Olympics began in 1896, there have been 27 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 different cities and 22 Winter Olympic Games held in 19 different cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but were later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916, Tokyo (summer) and Sapporo (winter) in 1940, and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics, held in Athens, are no longer officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which refers to them as 1906 Intercalated Games, although they were at the time.[1] Three cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Rio de Janeiro for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Pyeongchang, South Korea for the 2018 Winter Olympics, and Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics.

Seven cities have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896, and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics), and Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics). In addition, Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[b] London has become the first city to have hosted three Games as of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (28 editions) and North America (12 editions); five Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2016, Rio de Janeiro will become South America's first Olympic host city, while the African continent is yet to host the Olympic Games. Other major geographic regions which have not hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, the Caribbean and Southeast Asia.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[2] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In a first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which of these applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC Session, a general meeting of IOC members.[3]

Olympic Host Cities[edit]

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games and List of Winter Olympic Games.
CityCountryContinentSummerWinterSeasonYearOpening CeremonyClosing Ceremony
Athens GreeceEuropeS005ISummer1896April 6April 15
Paris FranceEuropeS005IISummer1900May 14October 28
St. Louis[a] United StatesNorth AmericaS005IIISummer1904July 1November 23
Athens GreeceEuropeS005[f]Summer1906April 22May 2
London United KingdomEuropeS005IVSummer1908April 27October 31
Stockholm SwedenEuropeS005VSummer1912May 5July 22
Berlin GermanyEuropeS006VISummer1916Cancelled due to WWI[4]
Antwerp BelgiumEuropeS007VIISummer1920April 20September 12[5]
Chamonix FranceEuropeW001IWinter1924January 25February 4[6]
Paris FranceEuropeS008VIIISummer1924May 4July 27[7]
St. Moritz  SwitzerlandEuropeW002IIWinter1928February 11February 19[8]
Amsterdam NetherlandsEuropeS009IXSummer1928May 17August 12[9]
Lake Placid United StatesNorth AmericaW003IIIWinter1932February 4February 15[10]
Los Angeles United StatesNorth AmericaS010XSummer1932July 30August 14[11]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen GermanyEuropeW004IVWinter1936February 6February 16[12]
Berlin GermanyEuropeS011XISummer1936August 1August 16[13]
Sapporo JapanAsiaW005aVWinter1940Cancelled due to WWII[4]
Tokyo JapanAsiaS012XIISummer1940Cancelled due to WWII[4]
Cortina d'Ampezzo ItalyEuropeW005bVWinter1944Cancelled due to WWII[4]
London United KingdomEuropeS013XIIISummer1944Cancelled due to WWII[4]
St. Moritz  SwitzerlandEuropeW005cVWinter1948January 30February 8
London United KingdomEuropeS014XIVSummer1948July 29August 14
Oslo NorwayEuropeW006VIWinter1952February 14February 25
Helsinki FinlandEuropeS015XVSummer1952July 19August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo ItalyEuropeW007VIIWinter1956January 26February 5
Melbourne
Stockholm[c]
 Australia
 Sweden
Oceania
Europe
S016XVISummer1956November 22
June 10
December 8
June 17
Squaw Valley United StatesNorth AmericaW008VIIIWinter1960February 18February 28
Rome ItalyEuropeS017XVIISummer1960August 25September 11
Innsbruck AustriaEuropeW009IXWinter1964January 29February 9
Tokyo JapanAsiaS018XVIIISummer1964October 10October 24
Grenoble FranceEuropeW010XWinter1968February 6February 18
Mexico City MexicoNorth AmericaS019XIXSummer1968October 12October 27
Sapporo JapanAsiaW011XIWinter1972February 3February 13
Munich West GermanyEuropeS020XXSummer1972August 26September 11
Innsbruck AustriaEuropeW012XIIWinter1976February 4February 15
Montreal CanadaNorth AmericaS021XXISummer1976July 17August 1
Lake Placid United StatesNorth AmericaW013XIIIWinter1980February 12February 24
Moscow Soviet UnionEurope[d]S022XXIISummer1980July 19August 3
Sarajevo YugoslaviaEuropeW014XIVWinter1984February 7February 19
Los Angeles United StatesNorth AmericaS023XXIIISummer1984July 28August 12
Calgary CanadaNorth AmericaW015XVWinter1988February 13February 28
Seoul South KoreaAsiaS024XXIVSummer1988September 17October 2
Albertville FranceEuropeW016XVIWinter1992February 8February 23
Barcelona SpainEuropeS025XXVSummer1992July 25August 9
Lillehammer NorwayEuropeW017XVIIWinter1994February 12February 27
Atlanta United StatesNorth AmericaS026XXVISummer1996July 19August 4
Nagano JapanAsiaW018XVIIIWinter1998February 7February 22
Sydney AustraliaOceaniaS027XXVIISummer2000September 15October 1
Salt Lake City United StatesNorth AmericaW019XIXWinter2002February 8February 24
Athens GreeceEuropeS028XXVIIISummer2004August 13August 29
Turin ItalyEuropeW020XXWinter2006February 10February 26
Beijing[e] ChinaAsiaS029XXIXSummer2008August 8August 24
Vancouver CanadaNorth AmericaW021XXIWinter2010February 12February 28
London United KingdomEuropeS030XXXSummer2012July 27August 12
Sochi RussiaEurope[d]W022XXIIWinter2014February 7February 23
Rio de Janeiro BrazilSouth AmericaS031XXXISummer2016August 5August 21
Pyeongchang South KoreaAsiaW023XXIIIWinter2018February 9February 25
Tokyo JapanAsiaS032XXXIISummer2020[14]July 24August 9

Statistics[edit]

Host cities for multiple Olympic Games In Summer and Winter[edit]

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
CityCountryContinentSummer OlympicsWinter OlympicsTotal
London United KingdomEurope3 (1908, 1948, 2012)03
Athens GreeceEurope3 (1896, 1906, 2004)03
Paris FranceEurope2 (1900, 1924)02
Los Angeles United StatesNorth America2 (1932, 1984)02
Tokyo JapanAsia2 (1964, 2020)02
Lake Placid United StatesNorth America02 (1932, 1980)2
Innsbruck AustriaEurope02 (1964, 1976)2
St. Moritz  SwitzerlandEurope02 (1928, 1948)2

Number of Olympic Games by country[edit]

Nations that have hosted the Summer Olympics
  4 times or more
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
Nations that have hosted the Winter Olympics
  4 times or more
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
RankCountryContinentSummer OlympicsWinter OlympicsTotal
1 United StatesNorth America4 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996)4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002)8
2 FranceEurope2 (1900, 1924)3 (1924, 1968, 1992)5
3 JapanAsia2 (1940, 1964, 2020)2 (1940, 1972, 1998)4
4 United KingdomEurope3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012)03
4 CanadaNorth America1 (1976)2 (1988, 2010)3
4 ItalyEurope1 (1960)2 (1944, 1956, 2006)3
4 West Germany/ GermanyEurope2 (1916, 1936, 1972)1 (1936)3
9 South KoreaAsia1 (1988)1 (2018)2
9 Soviet Union/ RussiaEurope1 (1980)1 (2014)2
9Greece/ GreeceEurope3 (1896, 1906, 2004)03
9 AustraliaOceania2 (1956, 2000)02
9 NorwayEurope02 (1952, 1994)2
9 AustriaEurope02 (1964, 1976)2
9  SwitzerlandEurope02 (1928, 1948)2
15 ChinaAsia1 (2008)01
15 SpainEurope1 (1992)01
15 Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaEurope01 (1984)1
15 MexicoNorth America1 (1968)01
15 FinlandEurope1 (1940, 1952)01
15 NetherlandsEurope1 (1928)01
15 BelgiumEurope1 (1920)01
15 SwedenEurope1 (1912)01
15 BrazilSouth America1 (2016)01

Notes[edit]

  • c Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm had to bid for the equestrian competition separately; it received its own Olympic flame and had its own formal invitations and opening & closing ceremonies, just like the regular Summer Olympics.[18]
  • e Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR.[19] Although Hong Kong's separate NOC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games; it is not conducted under a separate bid, flame, etc., as was the 1956 Stockholm equestrian competition. The IOC website lists only Beijing as the host city.[20]
  • f the 1906 Games were considered to be official at the time, and the records were listed in the record books as late as the year 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5. 
  2. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5. 
  3. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Durántez, Conrado (April–May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review XXVI (14): 56–57 
  5. ^ "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  6. ^ "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  13. ^ "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  14. ^ CNN Staff. "Tokyo to host 2020 Olympic Games". CNN. Retrieved 12/3/13. 
  15. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  16. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times. 1903-02-12. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  17. ^ "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  18. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  19. ^ Tim Pile (June 25, 2008). "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  20. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 

External links[edit]