List of North American settlements by year of foundation

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This is a list of settlements in North America by founding year and present-day country.

1500 BCKaminaljuyuGuatemalaGuatemala
1400 BCNakbePeténGuatemala
950 BCTakalik AbajTikalRetalhuleuGuatemala
950 BCEl MiradorPeténGuatemala
950 BCUaxactunPeténGuatemala
700 BCTiculYucatánMexico
600 BCTikalPeténGuatemala
500 BCCholulaPueblaMexicoPossibly the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in the Americas.
300 BCTeotihuacanMéxicoMexicoIn the Valley of Mexico
650CahokiaIllinoisUnited States
1000Acoma Pueblo and Taos PuebloNew MexicoUnited StatesOldest continuously occupied communities in the USA. The Acoma Pueblo today is known as Sky City.
1003?L'Anse aux MeadowsNewfoundland & LabradorCanadaThe Norse explorer Leif Ericson established a settlement at 51°N on this site in 1003.
1054Antiguo CuscatlanLa LibertadEl SalvadorCuscatlán was founded in 1054 by Topiltzin Atzil, last king of Tula of Anahuac. It was a city inhabited by ten thousand, with an additional twelve thousand people who lived in xacal, straw huts distributed at the edge of a maar (crater) which housed the sacred lake of Cuscatlan. In the contemporary Native language, Cuscatlán means Jewel City. On Saturday June 17, 1524, led by Pedro de Alvarado, the Spanish conquistadors found the doors of Cuscatlan, capital of the Lordship of Cuscatlan.
1100OraibiArizonaUnited States (Hopi Reservation)[2]
1325TenochtitlanDistrito FederalMexicoToday this city is known as Mexico City
1450Zuni PuebloNew MexicoUnited States[3]
1498Santo DomingoDistrito NacionalDominican RepublicCapital of the Dominican Republic. Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in the Americas.
1508CaparraPuerto Rico
1509Sevilla la NuevaSeville, St. Ann's BayJamaicaEstablished by Juan de Esquivel, the first Spanish Governor of Jamaica, St Ann's Bay became the third capital established by Spain in the Americas.
1510Nombre de DiosColónPanamaOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Panama.
1511BaracoaGuantánamoCubaOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Cuba, former capital of Cuba.
1515HavanaHavanaCubaCurrent Capital of Cuba
1519La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz, (Veracruz)VeracruzMexicoOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Mexico and continental America.
1519 [4]Panama CityPanamaFirst European city on the Pacific coast of the Americas
1521San JuanPuerto RicoUnited States (unincorporated territory)Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in United States, Puerto Rico.
1525San SalvadorSan Salvador DepartmentEl SalvadorDiego de Holguín became the first mayor of San Salvador after the town was founded on April 1, 1525. Originally founded in what is now the archaeological site Ciudad Vieja, north of the present-day city, it was moved to the Valle de Las Hamacas or the Acelhuate Valley, named so due to the intense seismic activity that characterizes it. On January 2011 San Salvador was named the Iboeroamerican Capital of Culture because the first independent movements in Central America were played in San Salvador on November 5, 1811.
1524GranadaGranadaNicaraguaOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Nicaragua.
Year 1540CompostelaNayaritMexicoKnown as Capital de la Nueva Galicia Compostela (1548-1560)
1527San Miguel de GualdapeGeorgiaUnited StatesBelieved to be the first European settlement in the continental United States of America. It was abandoned after only 3 months.
1534Villa de la VegaParish of St. Catherine, County of MiddlesexJamaicaAfter founding Seville in 1509, Spanish settlers moved to a new, healthier site, which they named Villa de la Vega. The English later renamed it Spanish Town when they conquered the island in 1655.
1536San Pedro SulaCortésHonduras
1540ChildersburgAlabamaUnited StatesRecently purported to be one of the oldest cities in the Continental United States.[1]
1542MéridaYucatánMexicoFounded by Francisco de Montejo over the ruins of the Mayan city T'ho.
1542San Miguel de AllendeGuanajuatoMexico
1543Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala (Antigua Guatemala)Guatemala
1550AcapulcoGuerreroMexicoDiscovered by Cortés in 1531; settlement founded in 1550.[2]
1563CartagoCartagoCosta RicaOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement Costa Rica.
1564Villa Hermosa de San Juan BautistaTabascoMéxicoThe city was founded on June 24, 1564 (day of San Juan Bautista, hence its original name) by the Spanish Don Diego de Quijada
1565Saint AugustineFloridaUnited StatesOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in the Continental United States.
1573San GermánPuerto Rico
1575SaltilloCoahuilaMexicoOldest post-conquest settlement in northern Mexico.[3]
1583St. John's[4]Newfoundland and LabradorCanadaOldest English-founded city in North America.[5]
1583Harbour Grace[6]Newfoundland and LabradorCanada
1585Roanoke ColonyColony of VirginiaUnited StatesSettlers first left on island August 17, 1585.[7]
1596MonterreyNuevo LeónMexico
1599TadoussacQuebecCanadaOldest continuously inhabited French established settlement in the Americas, oldest European established settlement in Quebec.
1605Port RoyalNova ScotiaCanadaEstablished in the summer of 1605 by French colonizing explorers Pierre du Gua de Monts and Samuel de Champlain who, in 1608, would establish Quebec City.
1607JamestownVirginiaUnited StatesOldest colony in the original thirteen colonies comprising the United States of America
1607Santa FeNew MexicoUnited StatesOldest continuously inhabited state capital in the US.
1608QuébecQuebecCanadaOriginal settlement on this site was established by Jacques Cartier in 1535 but abandoned in 1536. He returned in 1541 but abandoned the site again. Samuel de Champlain established a permanent settlement on July 3–4, 1608. Only completely garrison-walled city north of Mexico.
1610CupidsNewfoundland and LabradorCanadaOldest continuously occupied English settlement in Canada.
1610HamptonVirginiaUnited StatesOldest continuously occupied English settlement in the United States.
1610KecoughtanVirginiaUnited States
1611HenricusVirginiaUnited States
1612St. George'sBermudaOldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Bermuda.
1613Newport News, VirginiaVirginiaUnited States
1614Albany, New YorkNew YorkUnited StatesOldest settlement in the United States north of Virginia
1620PlymouthMassachusettsUnited StatesThe oldest town in New England. Settled by pilgrims of The Mayflower
1622WeymouthMassachusettsUnited StatesAs Wessagussett, resettled and renamed in 1623
1623DoverNew HampshireUnited Statesoldest settlement in New Hampshire
1623GloucesterMassachusettsUnited States
1624ChelseaMassachusettsUnited Statesoriginally called Winnisimmet
1625New AmsterdamNew YorkUnited StatesNow New York City. Was settled 1624 on Governor's Island, moved to Manhattan 1625.
1626SalemMassachusettsUnited States
1627ScituateMassachusettsUnited States,_Massachusetts
1627BasseterreSaint Kitts and Nevis
1629LynnMassachusettsUnited States
1629CharlestownMassachusettsUnited States
1630BerwickMaineUnited StatesOldest continuously settled town in Maine.[8]
1630Jersey City, New JerseyNew JerseyUnited StatesPavonia, first Dutch settlement in New Jersey
1630MedfordMassachusettsUnited StatesSettled on the "Ford" by Meadow
1630BostonMassachusettsUnited States
1631Saint JohnNew BrunswickCanadaOldest incorporated city in Canada.
1631LewesDelawareUnited StatesBecause Lewes was the earliest town founded in the state, and because Delaware was the first state to ratify the constitution, the town refers to itself as "The first town in the first state."
1631CambridgeMassachusettsUnited StatesDrake, Samuel Adams (1880). History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts 1. Boston: Estes and Lauriat. pp. 305–16. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
1632WilliamsburgVirginiaUnited States
1632St. John'sAntigua and Barbuda
1633WindsorConnecticutUnited StatesFirst English settlement in Connecticut.[9]
1634BeauportQuebecCanada[10] Became a borough of Québec in January, 2002.
1634Green BayWisconsinUnited States
1634St. Mary's CityMarylandUnited States
1634WillemstadCuraçaoKingdom of the NetherlandsFormerly Part of the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles, now autonomous constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Not to be confused with one of its constituent countries, the Netherlands)
1635ConcordMassachusettsUnited States
1635NewburyMassachusettsUnited States
1636SpringfieldMassachusettsUnited StatesThe Massachusetts Bay Colony's first Connecticut River port - and, by far, its westernmost settlement, sitting 85 miles west of the colonial capital at Boston. [5]
1636ProvidenceRhode IslandUnited StatesOldest settlement in Rhode Island
1637HartfordConnecticutUnited States


1637TauntonMassachusettsUnited States


1637SandwichMassachusettsUnited StatesOldest town on Cape Cod


1638RowleyMassachusettsUnited States


1638ExeterNew HampshireUnited StatesOne of the four original towns of New Hampshire. Revolutionary War Capital of New Hampshire and site of the ratification of the first state constitution in the North American colonies in January 1776.
1638SilleryQuebecCanada[11] Now part of Québec
1638SwedesboroNew JerseyUnited StatesNucleus of the New Sweden colony that spread along the Delaware River into Pennsylvania and Delaware.
1638New HavenConnecticutUnited States


1638Sainte-FoyQuebecCanada[10] Merged with the City of Québec in 2002.
1638WilmingtonDelawareUnited StatesGrew from Fort Christina, part of the New Sweden colony. Originally called Willington.
1639 (prior to)St. MarksFloridaUnited States[11]
1639StratfordConnecticutUnited States[12]
1639NewportRhode IslandUnited States
1639SudburyMassachusettsUnited States
1640WoburnMassachusettsUnited StatesFirst settled in 1640, incorporated in 1642 [13]
1641HaverhillMassachusettsUnited StatesFirst settled in 1640, incorporated 1641
1642LexingtonMassachusettsUnited States[14]
1642SorelQuebecCanada[10][11] Now known as Sorel-Tracy.
1643Basse-TerreGuadeloupeTerritorial capital.
1643Dolores HidalgoGuanajuatoMexico
1643GuilfordConnecticutUnited States[15]
1643Rehoboth, MassachusettsUnited StatesSettled 1636. Incorporated 1643.
1644LongmeadowMassachusettsUnited StatesSettled in 1644. Incorporated October 17, 1783.
1645VlissingenNew YorkUnited StatesNow Flushing, New York.
1646AndoverMassachusettsUnited StatesThe original Andover, founded by Simon and Anne Bradstreet along with the Barker, Osgood, Stevens, Woodbridge and other families, broke into two separate towns April 7, 1855.
1646New LondonConnecticutUnited States
1647KitteryMaineUnited StatesOldest incorporated town in Maine.[13]
1647La PrairieQuebecCanada[10] La Prairie was established as a mission by the Jesuits in 1647. The first parish was founded in 1667.
1649AnnapolisMarylandUnited States
1650KingstonNew YorkUnited StatesSettled by the Dutch as Esopus, renamed in 1664 by the English

[11] Became a borough of Trois-Rivières in January, 2002.

1651MedfieldMassachusettsUnited States
1651New CastleDelawareUnited StatesGrew from Fort Casimir
1653LancasterMassachusettsUnited States
1654PelhamNew YorkUnited StatesFounded by Thomas Pell who purchased 9000 acres from Siwanoy Indians and received a land grant from the English Crown
1655ChelmsfordMassachusettsUnited StatesFounded by settlers from Concord. The area currently encompassed by Chelmsford, Lowell, Westford, Carlisle and to a certain extent Dracut, were all originally part of Chelmsford. Westford seceded in 1729. Carlisle fully became a part of Concord in 1780, seceding from that town in 1805. Lowell would be formed under extraordinary circumstances when the Boston Associates purchased East Chelmsford to serve as a planned factory town, incorporated as Lowell in 1826. Dracut's relationship to Chelmsford is less clear cut, however the relationship of the two towns in the 17th century resembles a slightly imperial one as Dracut, while a separate entity, was largely dependent on Chelmsford, particularly the West Dracut area, near the old boundary of East Chelmsford.
1655GrotonMassachusettsUnited States
1655BillericaMassachusettsUnited States
1659HadleyMassachusettsUnited StatesSettled 1659. Incorporated 1661.
1659Ciudad JuárezChihuahuaMexico
1659JamestownSaint Helena
1660PlacentiaNewfoundlandCanadaFrench Capital until 1713, originally called Plaisance
1660RyeNew YorkUnited States
1661SchenectadyNew YorkUnited States
1662UxbridgeMassachusettsUnited States
1665Port-de-PaixNord-Ouest DepartmentHaiti
1666CharlesbourgQuebecCanada[10][11] Became a borough within the City of Québec in 2002.
1666NewarkNew JerseyUnited States
1666PiscatawaytownNew JerseyUnited StatesOne of the first five New Jersey settlements. Now part of Edison, NJ
1666Saint-Jean-sur-RichelieuQuebecCanada[10][11] Grew from Fort Saint-Jean.


1667MendonMassachusettsUnited StatesNetmocke Plantation 1662
1668AmesburyMassachusettsUnited States
1668Saint-NicolasQuebecCanada[10] Merged with the City of Lévis, Quebec in 2002.
1668Sault Ste. MarieMichiganUnited States[16], oldest city in Michigan.
1669WestfieldMassachusettsUnited States[17]
1669MiddleboroughMassachusettsUnited States[18]
1670CharlestonSouth CarolinaUnited States
1670WallingfordConnecticutUnited States[19]
1673KingstonOntarioCanadaGrew from Fort Frontenac.
1674Pointe-aux-TremblesQuebecCanada[11] Now part of Montréal, Québec.
1674WaterburyConnecticutUnited States
1675LachineQuebecCanada[10][11] Lachine was merged into the City of Montréal in 2002.
1676LorettevilleQuebecCanada[10] Loretteville merged with the city of Québec in 2002.
1678La PocatièreQuebecCanada[10]
1679LévisQuebecCanada[11] The first settlement was formerly known as Lauzon, which merged with Lévis in 1989.
1680YsletaTexasUnited States
1680South OrangeNew JerseyUnited StatesGrew from Newark (later Orange).
1680PeoriaIllinoisUnited StatesFirst European settlement in Illinois.[14] Originally Fort Crevecoeur, later Fort Clark (1813), renamed Peoria in 1823.[15]


1681Cockburn TownTurks and Caicos Islands
1681BridgewaterUnited States
1681Saint-François (Laval)QuebecCanada[11] Integrated to the City of Laval, Quebec in 1965.
1682PhiladelphiaPennsylvaniaUnited States
1682NorfolkVirginiaUnited States
1683DoverDelawareUnited States
1683LachenaieQuebecCanada[10] In 2001, the town of Lachenaie merged with the neighbouring city of Terrebonne.


1685Prairie du ChienWisconsinUnited States
1686Arkansas PostArkansasUnited States
1687New BritainConnecticutUnited States
1687Rivière-des-PrairiesQuebecCanada[11] Rivière-des-Prairies is now part of the Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles borough of the City of Montréal.
1693BurlingtonNew JerseyUnited States
1694NewarkDelawareUnited States
1696Sault-au-RécolletQuebecCanada[10] Sault-au-Récollet is now part of the Ahuntsic-Cartierville borough of the City of Montreal
1698PensacolaFloridaUnited StatesFirst established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano in 1559; abandoned in 1561. Permanently established in 1698 .
1699BiloxiMississippiUnited States
1701DetroitMichiganUnited States
1702MobileAlabamaUnited States
1703KaskaskiaIllinoisUnited States
1705BathNorth CarolinaUnited StatesOldest incorporated town in North Carolina.
1706AlbuquerqueNew MexicoUnited States
1710ChathamNew JerseyUnited StatesOn land purchased in 1680.
1710New BernNorth CarolinaUnited StatesSettled initially by German-Swiss immigrants.
1711BeaufortSouth CarolinaUnited States
1714NatchitochesLouisianaUnited StatesOldest settlement in the Louisiana Purchase
1714FreeholdNew JerseyUnited StatesOriginally called Monmouth Courthouse, the site of the Battle of Monmouth
1715 (prior to)KekiongaIndianaUnited StatesCapital of the Miami tribe.
1715Les CèdresQuebecCanada[10]
1716KahnawakeQuebecCanada[10][11] Homeland of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-1680).
1716NacogdochesTexasUnited StatesSpanish mission established about 1716 in a much older Caddo village.[16]
1716NatchezMississippiUnited StatesDates to the founding of Fort Rosalie by the French.[20]
1717L'AssomptionQuebecCanada[10] The territory was settled from 1647.
1718New OrleansLouisianaUnited States
1718San AntonioTexasUnited States
1719Longue-PointeQuebecCanada[10] Now part of Montréal.
1719TrentonNew JerseyUnited States
1719Baton RougeLouisianaUnited States
1720Saint-LaurentQuebecCanada[10][11] The City of Saint-Laurent merged with Montréal in 2002.
1722Prairie Du RocherIllinoisUnited States
1723BeaufortNorth CarolinaUnited States
1725ConcordNew HampshireUnited States
1728FredericksburgVirginiaUnited States
1729BaltimoreMarylandUnited States
1729PabosQuebecCanada[10] Now part of Chandler, Quebec.
1732VincennesIndianaUnited States
1733RichmondVirginiaUnited StatesHistory - Richmond (VA) website Economic History - Richmond (VA) website
1733Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (Laval)QuebecCanada[11] Integrated to the City of Laval in 1965.
1733SavannahGeorgiaUnited States
1735Ste. GenevieveMissouriUnited StatesFrench-Colonial settlement. Oldest continually-inhabited settlement in Missouri.
1736GorhamMaineUnited States
1736AugustaGeorgiaUnited StatesAugusta,Ga History nps.Gov
1738Fort RougeManitobaCanadaNow Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1738Pointe-du-LacQuebecCanada[11] Merged with the City of Trois-Rivières in 2002.
1740L'Île-Perrot and Notre-Dame-de-l'Île-PerrotQuebecCanada[10]
1741BethlehemPennsylvaniaUnited States
1741Sainte-Geneviève and PierrrefondsQuebecCanada[10][11] Those cities merged with Montréal in 2002.
1742Les ÉcureuilsQuebecCanada[10][11] Now Donnacona, Quebec
1745Sainte-Rose (Laval)QuebecCanada[11] Integrated to the City of Laval, Quebec in 1965.
1749AlexandriaVirginiaUnited States
1749Port-au-PrinceOuest DepartmentHaiti
1749HalifaxNova ScotiaCanada
1749WindsorOntarioCanadaOldest continually-inhabited settlement in Canada west of Montréal
1750EriePennsylvaniaUnited StatesGrew from the French Fort Presque Isle.
1750Rock IslandIllinoisUnited StatesOriginally Saukenuk[17]
1751GeorgetownMarylandUnited StatesOriginally in Maryland; became part of the District of Columbia when the District was organized in 1801. Georgetown and its government were incorporated into the District government in 1871.
1752AkwesasneQuebec, Ontario and New YorkCanada, United States[10] First known as Saint-Régis.
1754AugustaMaineUnited States
1755CharlotteNorth CarolinaUnited States
1758PittsburghPennsylvaniaUnited States
1761CharlottesvilleVirginiaUnited States
1762ShepherdstownWest VirginiaUnited StatesOriginally known as Mecklenburg.
1762AllentownPennsylvaniaUnited StatesIncorporated as Northamptontown.
1763St. LouisMissouriUnited States
1763BurlingtonVermontUnited States
1765St. CharlesMissouriUnited States[18]
1766MonctonNew BrunswickCanada
1768L'AcadieQuebecCanada[10] In 2001, the town of L'Acadie merged with the neighbouring city of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.
1768New Smyrna BeachFloridaUnited StatesScottish entrepreneur Dr. Turnbull established a colony of 1,225 immigrants at New Smyrna which was the largest colonization attempt in the US.[19]
1769Santa CruzCaliforniaUnited States
1769San DiegoCaliforniaUnited StatesGrew from Presidio of San Diego.
1770MontereyCaliforniaUnited StatesGrew from Presidio of Monterey. Original capital of California [21]
1770San BlasNayaritMexicoSpanish Naval Department headquarters established at San Blas.[20]
1771GreenvilleNorth CarolinaUnited StatesSettled and founded as Martinsborough. Renamed to Greenville in 1786.
1772Ellicott CityMarylandUnited States
1773Guatemala CityGuatemala
1774UnalaskaAlaskaUnited StatesOldest Russian settlement of Aleutian Islands, dating to the 1760s.[21] Permanent trading post established in 1774.[22]
1774OrizabaVeracruzMexicoIn 1174, Charles IV grants the title of Villa, but the city was already a Spanish settlement since times of Cortez
1775TucsonArizonaUnited StatesThe town of Tucson had existed for over 2000 years at this point but this is the date the Spanish built a presidio and formally recognized the town
1775LexingtonKentuckyUnited States
1775BoonesboroughKentuckyUnited StatesGrew from Fort Boonesborough, built by pioneer Daniel Boone.
1776San FranciscoCaliforniaUnited States
1777San JoseCaliforniaUnited StatesOriginally known as El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first town in the Spanish colony of Nueva California, which later became Alta California.
1778LouisvilleKentuckyUnited StatesGrew from Fort Nelson, established by explorer George Rogers Clark.
1779JonesboroughTennesseeUnited StatesLater organized as the lost State of Franklin with Jonesborough as capital 1784.[23]
1779NashvilleTennesseeUnited StatesGrew from Fort Nashborough
1781MontpelierVermontUnited States
1781Los AngelesCaliforniaUnited States
1784CornwallOntarioCanadaFounded on June 6, 1784 by a group of United Empire Loyalists led by Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Johnson, 2nd Baronet.[24]
1784FrenchtownMichiganUnited StatesThird French settlement in Michigan
1785HarrisburgPennsylvaniaUnited States
1785AshevilleNorth CarolinaUnited States
1785DubuqueIowaUnited StatesOldest city in Iowa, among oldest European settlements west of the Mississippi River.[25]
1786ColumbiaSouth CarolinaUnited States
1786FlorissantMissouriUnited StatesOriginally known as St. Ferdinand.
1786FrankfortKentuckyUnited States
1786PortlandMaineUnited States
1786SteubenvilleOhioUnited States
1788MariettaOhioUnited StatesFirst permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory
1788CincinnatiOhioUnited States
1788CharlestonWest VirginiaUnited StatesGrew from Fort Lee. [22]
1789BuffaloNew YorkUnited States
1790WashingtonDistrict of ColumbiaUnited States
1791MonroeLouisianaUnited StatesOriginally known as Fort Miro. [23]
1791KenaiAlaskaUnited StatesGrew from Fort St. Nicholas of the Russian-American Company.[26]
1791KnoxvilleTennesseeUnited States
1791BangorMaineUnited States
1792KodiakAlaskaUnited StatesFounded in 1792 by Alexander Baranov as the new site for at Three Saints Bay, originally founded in 1784.[27]
1792RaleighNorth CarolinaUnited States
1793YorkOntarioCanadaFirst established as Fort Rouillé; now Toronto.
1794Fort WayneIndianaUnited States
1795EdmontonAlbertaCanadaGrew from Fort Edmonton.
1796ClevelandOhioUnited States
1796YoungstownOhioUnited States
1797FranklintonOhioUnited StatesEventually absorbed by Columbus, Ohio.
1797MentorOhioUnited States
1797ZanesvilleOhioUnited States
1798ShepherdstownWest VirginiaUnited StatesFormerly known as Mecklenburg.
1798WarrenOhioUnited States
1799HudsonOhioUnited States
1799PotosiMissouriUnited StatesTown was founded by Moses Austin, the same person which founded Austin, Texas and was the sight of many small battles during the American Civil War
1788RavennaOhioUnited States
1799AuroraOhioUnited States
1799SitkaAlaskaUnited StatesOriginal capital of Alaska, founded by the Russian-American Company in 1799, destroyed in 1802, reestablished in 1804.[28]
1800BuffaloNew YorkUnited States"In 1800, it was a town of four log cabins.".[29]
1800HullQuebecCanadaFormerly known as Wrightville.
1803AshtabulaOhioUnited States
1803ChicagoIllinoisUnited StatesGrew from Fort Dearborn.
1803ChillicotheOhioUnited States
1804StowOhioUnited States
1805HuntsvilleAlabamaUnited States
1807Prince GeorgeBritish ColumbiaCanadaGrew from fur trading post of Fort George, estalished in 1807 by the North West Company.[30]
1810ManchesterNew HampshireUnited States
1810San BernardinoCaliforniaUnited States
1811AstoriaOregonUnited StatesGrew from Fort Astoria, founded by the Pacific Fur Company in 1811.[31]
1812ColumbusOhioUnited States
1812KamloopsBritish ColumbiaCanadaGrew from fur trading posts of Fort Cumcloups (Fort Kamloops) and Fort She-whaps (Shuswap), founded by the Pacific Fur Company and North West Company, both in 1812.[32]
1816ChattanoogaTennesseeUnited StatesOriginally named Ross's Landing.
1816CambridgeOntarioCanadaOriginal settlement in 1816 named Shades Mill, ON, renamed Galt, ON in 1827. City of Galt amalgamated with the towns of Preston and Hespeler, village of Blair and parts of Waterloo township to form City of Cambridge in 1973. Oldest settled area of Regional Municipality of Waterloo.
1816SaginawMichiganUnited States
1817Fort SmithArkansasUnited States
1817MilanOhioUnited States
1818PontiacMichiganUnited StatesThe first settlers arrived in what is now the City of Pontiac in 1818. Two years later there were enough people there to form a village named after the famous Indian Chief Chief Pontiac Pontiac was Michigan's first inland settlement.The village was officially recognized by the state legislature in 1837 and it incorporated as a city in 1861.
1818MedinaOhioUnited States
1818ColumbiaMissouriUnited States
1819MontgomeryAlabamaUnited StatesState capital, grew from the 1540 French settlement Fort Toulouse.
1819SpringfieldIllinoisUnited States
1819MemphisTennesseeUnited StatesNear the site of the earlier French Fort Prudhomme.
1820HastingsMinnesotaUnited StatesNear the confluence of the Mississippi, St. Croix, and Vermillion Rivers. In 1820, Oliver's Grove was established as a Trading Post community and a military detachment sent from Fort Snelling. However, until the Treaty of Mendota (1851), the community could not officially be noted for white settlement. In 1857, a year before Minnesota's admission to the union, the area was surveyed and incorporated as the city of Hastings and named the county seat of Dakota County.
1821AlexandriaBritish ColumbiaCanadaGrew from fur trading posts of Fort Alexandria, founded by the North West Company in 1821.[33]
1821Little RockArkansasUnited States
1821IndianapolisIndianaUnited States
1822JacksonvilleFloridaUnited States
1822JacksonMississippiUnited States
1823TampaFloridaUnited StatesGrew from earlier military post Fort Brooke.
1824TallahasseeFloridaUnited States
1825AkronOhioUnited States
1825VancouverWashingtonUnited StatesGrew from Fort Vancouver.[34]
1825VicksburgMississippiUnited States
1825Grand RapidsMichiganUnited States
1825IrapuatoGuanajuatoMexicoBecomes villa in 1825 and ciudad in 1893.
1826WabashaMinnesotaUnited StatesOldest city in Minnesota
1827St. AndrewsFloridaUnited StatesNow part of Panama City
1828Key WestFloridaUnited States
1833MilwaukeeWisconsinUnited States
1833KitchenerOntarioCanadaFormerly Berlin ON, renamed Kitchener ON in 1916.
1836ShreveportLouisianaUnited States
1836MadisonWisconsinUnited States
1837LansingMichiganUnited States
1837HoustonTexasUnited States
1837ToledoOhioUnited States
1839SacramentoCaliforniaUnited States
1841DallasTexasUnited States
1843AtlantaGeorgiaUnited Statesfirst known as "Terminus", and for a short time was renamed "Marthasville" to honor Governor Lumpkin's daughter.
1843VictoriaBritish ColumbiaCanadaFort Victoria established in 1843; Victoria incorporated in 1862.
1844Chagrin FallsOhioUnited States
1847BrantfordOntarioCanadaOriginally known as Brant's ford.
1847Salt Lake CityUtahUnited StatesOriginally known as Great Salt Lake City.
1847HarrisburgIllinoisUnited States
1850BytownOntarioCanadaNow Ottawa, Ontario.
1851La CrosseWisconsinUnited States[35]
1851SeattleWashingtonUnited States[36]
1854OmahaNebraskaUnited States
1856O'FallonMissouriUnited States
1857AppletonWisconsinUnited States
1858DenverColoradoUnited States
1864SalinasCaliforniaUnited States[24]
1867MinneapolisMinnesotaUnited States
1868PhoenixArizonaUnited States
1870WichitaKansasUnited States
1871BirminghamAlabamaUnited States
1872AnnistonAlabamaUnited States
1874PasadenaCaliforniaUnited States
1875OrlandoFloridaUnited States
1875CalgaryAlbertaCanadaGrew from Fort Calgary
1886VancouverBritish ColumbiaCanadaNamed after English explorer George Vancouver
1886NelsonBritish ColumbiaCanada
1886Takoma ParkMarylandUnited States
1887GulfportMississippiUnited States[25]
1889Oklahoma CityOklahomaUnited States
1889TijuanaBaja CaliforniaMexicoTijuana derives from the Kumeyaay word Tiwan, meaning by-the-sea.
1893KamloopsBritish ColumbiaCanadaFrom the Shuswap language "Tk'emlups" meaning meeting of the waters.
1896MiamiFloridaUnited States
1905CranbrookBritish ColumbiaCanada
1905Las VegasNevadaUnited States
1911The PasManitobaCanadaGrew from Fort Paskoyac
1915Prince GeorgeBritish ColumbiaCanadaGrew from Fort George

See also[edit]


  1. ^ City of Childersburg website, accessed July 18, 2011
  2. ^ Merriam-Webster's collegiate encyclopedia, Acapulco (de Juárez), p. 7
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's collegiate encyclopedia, Saltillo, p. 1418
  4. ^ "St John's – The Canadian Encyclopedia". Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  5. ^ Paul O'Neill, The Oldest City: The Story of St. John's, Newfoundland, 2003, ISBN 0-9730271-2-6.
  6. ^ "History of Harbour Grace". Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  7. ^ Lane, Ralph. "The Account by Ralph Lane. An account of the particularities of the imployments of the English men left in Virginia by Richard Greenevill under the charge of Master Ralph Lane Generall of the same, from the 17. of August 1585. until the 18. of June 1586. at which time they departed the Countrey; sent and directed to Sir Walter Ralegh.". Old South Leaflets (General Series) ; No. 119. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ 1633-Windsor, The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay Gouvernement du Québec, Commission de toponymie (2006.) Noms et lieux du Québec, dictionnaire illustré. Québec (Québec) : 925 p.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^!/History-Of-Peoria/First-European-Settlement-In-Ill
  15. ^
  16. ^ Nacogdoches, Texas History, City of Nacogdoches
  17. ^ Coopman, David T. Rock Island County. Charleston SC, Chicago IL, Portsmouth NH, San Francisco CA: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.
  18. ^ Neiers, Angela. "City of St. Charles, Missouri". Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  19. ^ New Smyrna Beach, FL – Official Website – History, New Smyrna Beach, Florida
  20. ^ The Naval Department of San Blas, The California State Military Museum
  21. ^ Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, p. 1219
  22. ^ Dutch Harbor/Unalaska, Community Profiles for North Pacific Fisheries, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA
  23. ^ Jonesborough, Tennessee
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kenai
  27. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kodiak
  28. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Old Sitka
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ "Prince George". BC Geographical Names. 
  31. ^ Fort Astoria, Oregon, Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
  32. ^ "Kamloops". BC Geographical Names. 
  33. ^ "Alexandria". BC Geographical Names. 
  34. ^ An Overview of Vancouver's History, City of Vancouver
  35. ^ "La Crosse". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  36. ^ Brief History of Seattle, City of Seattle