List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 122 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), 1 former NHL, and 13 historic sites that are National Historical Parks or other areas in the National Park Service system.

Current landmarks[edit]

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1]Landmark name[2]ImageDate designated[2]Locality[2][3]County
or City[2]
Description[3]
1Alexandria Historic Districtca. 1919 HABS photographNovember 13, 1966Alexandria
38°48′12″N 77°02′47″W / 38.8033°N 77.0464°W / 38.8033; -77.0464 (Alexandria Historic District)
Alexandria (independent city)Comprises the central portion of Alexandria, Virginia
2Aquia ChurchHABS photographJuly 5, 1991Garrisonville
38°27′53″N 77°24′11″W / 38.4646°N 77.40305°W / 38.4646; -77.40305 (Aquia Church)
StaffordMid-18th-century church
3Bacon's CastleBacon's CastleOctober 9, 1960Bacon's Castle
37°06′38″N 76°43′41″W / 37.11056°N 76.72806°W / 37.11056; -76.72806 (Bacon's Castle)
SurryOne of the oldest brick buildings in Virginia
4Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National CemeteryBall's Bluff National Cemetery.jpgApril 27, 1984Leesburg
39°07′53″N 77°31′45″W / 39.131389°N 77.529167°W / 39.131389; -77.529167 (Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery)
LoudounSite of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary StoneDC Boundary stone SW9 (Banneker), 21 Oct 2012.JPGMay 11, 1976Arlington
38°53′24″N 77°09′34″W / 38.8901°N 77.1595°W / 38.8901; -77.1595 (Benjamin Banneker: Sw 9 Intermediate Boundary Stone)
ArlingtonA boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731–1806), an African American surveyor, mathematician and astronomer who assisted Andrew Ellicott during the first two months of Ellicott's 1791–1792 survey of the boundaries of the original District of Columbia.[4]
6Barracks, Virginia Military Institute1968 HABS photographDecember 21, 1965Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′19″W / 37.7903°N 79.4386°W / 37.7903; -79.4386 (VMI Barracks (approx.))
Lexington (independent city)Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
7BerkeleyBerkeley plantation harrison home.jpgNovember 11, 1971Charles City
37°19′18″N 77°10′54″W / 37.321667°N 77.181667°W / 37.321667; -77.181667 (Berkeley Plantation)
Charles CityOne of the great plantations of Virginia, associated with Presidents William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
8Berry HillHABS photographNovember 11, 1971South Boston
36°41′48″N 78°56′39″W / 36.6967°N 78.9442°W / 36.6967; -78.9442 (Berry Hill)
HalifaxA Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
9BrandonBrandonApril 15, 1970Burrowsville
37°15′27.14″N 76°59′36.20″W / 37.2575389°N 76.9933889°W / 37.2575389; -76.9933889 (Brandon Plantation)
Prince GeorgePlantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760s
10Bremo Historic DistrictHABS photographNovember 11, 1971Bremo Bluff
37°43′32″N 78°19′47″W / 37.72542°N 78.32973°W / 37.72542; -78.32973 (Bremo Historic District)
FluvannaJames River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11Bruton Parish ChurchBruton Parish Church Today.jpgApril 15, 1970Williamsburg
37°16′09″N 76°42′10″W / 37.2693°N 76.7028°W / 37.2693; -76.7028 (Bruton Parish Church)
Williamsburg (independent city)Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
12Camden1980 HABS photographNovember 11, 1971Port Royal
38°09′48″N 77°09′41″W / 38.163228°N 77.161394°W / 38.163228; -77.161394 (Camden)
CarolineTwo-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13Camp HooverCamphoover.jpgJune 7, 1988Graves Mill
38°29′30.7″N 78°25′15.5″W / 38.491861°N 78.420972°W / 38.491861; -78.420972 (Rapidan Camp)
MadisonPresident Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14Cape Henry LighthouseCapeHenryTwoLighthouses.jpgJanuary 29, 1964Virginia Beach
36°55′26″N 76°00′30″W / 36.9239°N 76.0082°W / 36.9239; -76.0082 (Cape Henry Lighthouse)
Virginia Beach (independent city)First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15Carter's GroveCarter's GroveApril 15, 1970Williamsburg
37°12′25″N 76°37′29″W / 37.206981°N 76.624819°W / 37.206981; -76.624819 (Carter's Grove)
James CityGeorgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg.
16Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove PlantationBellegrove.JPGAugust 11, 1969Middletown and Strasburg
39°10′03″N 78°18′03″W / 39.16750°N 78.30083°W / 39.16750; -78.30083 (Cedar Creek and Belle Grove)
Frederick and WarrenSite of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation.
17Christ Church, AlexandriaChristchurchalexandria.jpgApril 15, 1970Alexandria
38°48′23″N 77°02′51″W / 38.806303°N 77.047517°W / 38.806303; -77.047517 (Christ Church (Alexandria))
Alexandria (independent city)1773 Georgian brick church
18Christ ChurchChrist church lancaster pulpit photo.jpgMay 30, 1961Irvington
37°40′37″N 76°25′07″W / 37.676806°N 76.418611°W / 37.676806; -76.418611 (Christ Church (Lancaster County))
LancasterExample of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
19Confederate CapitolVirginia State Capitol.jpgDecember 19, 1960Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°26′01″W / 37.5388°N 77.4336°W / 37.5388; -77.4336 (Confederate Capitol)
Richmond (independent city)From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
20Charles Richard Drew HouseCharles-drew-house019.JPGMay 11, 1976Arlington
38°52′21″N 77°05′14″W / 38.8726°N 77.0872°W / 38.8726; -77.0872 (Drew, Charles Richard, House)
ArlingtonHome of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
21Drydock No. 1DrydockNumber1.jpgNovember 11, 1971Portsmouth
36°49′07″N 76°17′35″W / 36.8187°N 76.2931°W / 36.8187; -76.2931 (Drydock No. 1)
Portsmouth (independent city)Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
22Egyptian BuildingEgyptian Building.JPGNovember 11, 1971Richmond
37°32′18″N 77°25′45″W / 37.5384°N 77.4292°W / 37.5384; -77.4292 (Egyptian Building)
Richmond (independent city)First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
23Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel1985 HAER photographOctober 3, 1985Hampton
37°04′49″N 76°20′29″W / 37.080281°N 76.341514°W / 37.080281; -76.341514 (Eight-foot High Speed Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city)Wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Largely demolished.[5]
24Elsing GreenElsinggreen.jpgNovember 11, 1971Tunstall
37°36′09″N 77°03′04″W / 37.602444°N 77.051103°W / 37.602444; -77.051103 (Elsing Green)
King WilliamGeorgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
25Exchange1968 HABS photographNovember 11, 1971Petersburg
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Exchange Building)
Petersburg (independent city)Two-story Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico.
26Eyre HallEyre hall (dnr).jpgMarch 2, 2012Cheriton
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Exchange Building)
NorthamptonA private plantation in the hands of the Eyre family since 1668.
27Five Forks BattlefieldFive forks.jpgDecember 19, 1960Petersburg
37°08′21″N 77°37′23″W / 37.13927°N 77.62292°W / 37.13927; -77.62292 (Five Forks Battlefield)
DinwiddieSite of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
28Gerald R. Ford, Jr., HouseGerald Ford Home 2.jpgDecember 17, 1985Alexandria
38°48′40″N 77°04′49″W / 38.811189°N 77.080263°W / 38.811189; -77.080263 (Gerald Ford House)
Alexandria (independent city)House of President Gerald R. Ford.
29Fort MonroeFort Monroe Aerial.jpgDecember 19, 1960Hampton
37°00′13″N 76°18′27″W / 37.00361°N 76.30750°W / 37.00361; -76.30750 (Fort Monroe)
Hampton (independent city)Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States that is still an active Army post.
30Fort Myer Historic DistrictWright-Fort Myer.jpgNovember 28, 1972Arlington
38°52′49″N 77°04′47″W / 38.880343°N 77.079735°W / 38.880343; -77.079735 (Fort Myer Historic District)
ArlingtonU.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
31Franklin and Armfield OfficeFranklin-armfield-office.JPGJune 2, 1978Alexandria
38°48′07″N 77°03′17″W / 38.801911°N 77.054661°W / 38.801911; -77.054661 (Franklin & Armfield Office)
Alexandria (independent city)Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
32Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot TunnelHAER photographOctober 3, 1985Hampton
37°04′52″N 76°20′30″W / 37.080999°N 76.341751°W / 37.080999; -76.341751 (Full Scale Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city)Full-scale wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Demolished in 2013.[6]
33Gadsby's TavernGadsbys-tavern.JPGNovember 4, 1963Alexandria
38°48′13″N 77°02′38″W / 38.803630°N 77.044001°W / 38.803630; -77.044001 (Gadsby's Tavern)
Alexandria (independent city)Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
34Ellen Glasgow HouseHABS photographNovember 11, 1971Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°26′42″W / 37.540934°N 77.445003°W / 37.540934; -77.445003 (Ellen Glasgpw House)
Richmond (independent city)Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
35Carter Glass House1976 HABS photographDecember 8, 1976Lynchburg
37°24′48″N 79°08′51″W / 37.413451°N 79.147488°W / 37.413451; -79.147488 (Carter Glass House)
Lynchburg (independent city)A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
36Green Springs Historic DistrictNPS photographMay 30, 1974Zion Crossroads
38°0′55″N 78°9′51″W / 38.01528°N 78.16417°W / 38.01528; -78.16417 (Green Springs Historic District)
LouisaRural manor houses and related buildings.
37Greenway CourtHABS photographOctober 9, 1960White Post
39°02′40″N 78°07′09″W / 39.044366°N 78.119195°W / 39.044366; -78.119195 (Greenway Court)
ClarkeRemnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only British peer in America, where George Washington worked as a surveyor
38Gunston HallGunston hall loc tree.jpgDecember 19, 1960Lorton
38°38′49.10″N 77°8′47.12″W / 38.6469722°N 77.1464222°W / 38.6469722; -77.1464222 (Gunston Hall)
FairfaxHome of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
39Hampton InstituteHampton Institute - geography.jpgMay 30, 1974Hampton
37°01′17″N 76°20′14″W / 37.02128°N 76.33713°W / 37.02128; -76.33713 (Hampton University)
Hampton (independent city)Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
40Hanover County CourthouseHanoverCourthouseandMemorial.jpgNovember 7, 1973Hanover Court House
37°45′40″N 77°22′03″W / 37.761204°N 77.367507°W / 37.761204; -77.367507 (Hanover County Courthouse)
HanoverThis Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
41Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton HouseHOLLY KNOLL.jpgDecember 21, 1981Capahosic
37°23′16″N 76°38′38″W / 37.387808°N 76.643858°W / 37.387808; -76.643858 (Holly-Knoll-Robert R. Moton House)
GloucesterRetirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
42The HomesteadTheHomesteadFront.JPGJuly 17, 1991Hot Springs
37°59′44″N 79°49′47″W / 37.995472°N 79.829644°W / 37.995472; -79.829644 (The Homestead)
BathExample of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
43Humpback BridgeHumpback 1-1-.jpgOctober 16, 2012Covington
37°48′02″N 80°02′49″W / 37.800597°N 80.047011°W / 37.800597; -80.047011 (Humpback Bridge)
AlleghenyOldest surviving covered bridge in Virginia; a rare example of a covered humpback bridge.
44Stonewall Jackson's HeadquartersJackson headquarters.pngMay 28, 1967Winchester
39°11′17″N 78°09′58″W / 39.187947°N 78.166125°W / 39.187947; -78.166125 ("Stonewall" Jackson Headquarters)
Winchester (independent city)Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861–1862 winter
45Jackson Ward Historic District162560pr.jpgJune 2, 1978Richmond
37°32′54″N 77°26′27″W / 37.548333°N 77.440833°W / 37.548333; -77.440833 (Jackson Ward Historic District)
Richmond (independent city)A historically African-American neighborhood.
46Kenmore1983 HABS photographApril 15, 1970Fredericksburg
38°17′35″N 77°27′59″W / 38.293155°N 77.466468°W / 38.293155; -77.466468 (Kenmore)
Fredericksburg (independent city)Home of Fielding Lewis
47Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee UniversityLee Chapel.jpgDecember 19, 1960Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Lee Chapel, Washington And Lee University)
Lexington (independent city)Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) served as president (1865–1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
48LIGHTSHIP NO. 101 "PORTSMOUTH"A Light Named Portsmouth.jpgMay 5, 1989Portsmouth
36°50′12″N 76°17′55″W / 36.836799°N 76.298616°W / 36.836799; -76.298616 (Lightship No. 101, Portsmouth)
Portsmouth (independent city)Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
49Lunar Landing Research FacilityLunarLandingResearchFacility.GIFOctober 3, 1985Hampton
37°06′01″N 76°23′23″W / 37.100276°N 76.389803°W / 37.100276; -76.389803 (Lunar Landing Research Facility)
Hampton (independent city)Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
50Main Street Station and TrainshedMain Street Station.jpgDecember 8, 1976Richmond
37°31′58″N 77°25′45″W / 37.532861°N 77.429203°W / 37.532861; -77.429203 (Main Street Station And Trainshed)
Richmond (independent city)Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and the trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
51MarlbourneJuly 19, 1964Richmond
37°39′15″N 77°13′21″W / 37.654203°N 77.222478°W / 37.654203; -77.222478 (Marlbourne)
HanoverProperty of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
52General George C. Marshall HouseDodona Manor.JPGJune 19, 1996Leesburg
39°06′51″N 77°33′36″W / 39.114178°N 77.559959°W / 39.114178; -77.559959 (Marshall, Gen. George C., House)
LoudounLast home of General George C. Marshall, who called it "Dodona Manor".
53John Marshall HouseHABS photoDecember 19, 1960Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°25′59″W / 37.540892°N 77.433085°W / 37.540892; -77.433085 (Marshall, John, House)
Richmond (independent city)Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
54Cyrus McCormick Farm and WorkshopCyrus McCormick Farm - view from north in afternoon July 2012.JPGJuly 19, 1964Steele's Tavern
37°56′02″N 79°13′04″W / 37.933889°N 79.217778°W / 37.933889; -79.217778 (Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop)
RockbridgeHome of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
55Gari Melchers HomeGari Melchers Home.JPGDecember 21, 1965Falmouth
38°19′30″N 77°28′23″W / 38.325028°N 77.472917°W / 38.325028; -77.472917 (Gari Melchers Home)
StaffordResidence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
56MenokinVA-Menokin.jpgNovember 11, 1971Warsaw
38°00′25″N 76°48′04″W / 38.006944°N 76.801111°W / 38.006944; -76.801111 (Menokin)
RichmondHome of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
57Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell HouseGENERAL BILLY MITCHELL HOUSE.jpgDecember 8, 1976Middleburg
38°57′40″N 77°44′44″W / 38.961111°N 77.745556°W / 38.961111; -77.745556 (Gen. William Mitchell House)
LoudounResidence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
58James Monroe Law OfficeLaw office jmonroe.jpgNovember 11, 1966Fredericksburg
38°18′01″N 77°27′42″W / 38.300194°N 77.461675°W / 38.300194; -77.461675 (Monroe Law Office)
Fredericksburg (independent city)James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789.
59James Monroe TombWP Commons photographNovember 11, 1971Richmond
37°31′59″N 77°27′20″W / 37.533154°N 77.455567°W / 37.533154; -77.455567 (Monroe, James, Tomb)
Richmond (independent city)Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
60MonticelloThomas Jefferson's Monticello Estate.jpgDecember 19, 1960Charlottesville
38°0.5′N 78°27.2′W / 38.0083°N 78.4533°W / 38.0083; -78.4533 (Monticello (Thomas Jefferson House))
AlbemarleMansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
61MontpelierMontpelier.jpgDecember 19, 1960Orange
38°13′11″N 78°10′10″W / 38.219722°N 78.169444°W / 38.219722; -78.169444 (Montpelier (James Madison House))
OrangeResidence of President James Madison.
62Monument Avenue Historic DistrictMon-AveLee.jpgDecember 9, 1997Richmond
37°33′37″N 77°28′15″W / 37.560194°N 77.470847°W / 37.560194; -77.470847 (Monument Avenue Historic District)
Richmond (independent city)Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
63Monumental ChurchMonumental Church, Richmond, Virginia.jpgNovember 11, 1971Richmond
37°32′13″N 77°25′48″W / 37.53699°N 77.430016°W / 37.53699; -77.430016 (Monumental Church)
Richmond (independent city)Early Greek Revival church.
64Robert Russa Moton High SchoolAugust 5, 1998Farmville
37°17′28″N 78°23′52″W / 37.291111°N 78.397778°W / 37.291111; -78.397778 (Robert Russa Moton High School)
Prince EdwardSite of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
65Mount AiryMount Airy.jpgOctober 9, 1960Warsaw
37°58′20″N 76°47′29″W / 37.97222°N 76.79139°W / 37.97222; -76.79139 (Mount Airy)
RichmondStone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
66Mount VernonMtvernon1.jpgDecember 19, 1960Alexandria
38°42′28″N 77°05′10″W / 38.7079°N 77.0861°W / 38.7079; -77.0861 (Mount Vernon)
FairfaxPlantation home of President George Washington.
67Natural BridgeNatural Bridge VA size.JPGAugust 5, 1998Natural Bridge
37°37′32″N 79°32′43″W / 37.625681°N 79.545173°W / 37.625681; -79.545173 (Natural Bridge)
RockbridgeNatural rock arch, once owned by Thomas Jefferson.
68New Kent School and George W. Watkins SchoolGeorge W Watkins Elementary School.jpgAugust 7, 2001New Kent and Quinton
37°31′56″N 77°08′29″W / 37.532222°N 77.141389°W / 37.532222; -77.141389 (New Kent School and George W. Watkins School)
New KentPair of schools that represent widespread token desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education supreme court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, which was effective in bringing about real desegregation.
69Oak HillOakHillfront.jpgDecember 19, 1960Leesburg
38°59′51″N 77°37′13″W / 38.997458°N 77.620403°W / 38.997458; -77.620403 (Oak Hill (James Monroe House))
LoudounResidence of President James Monroe
70OatlandsOatlands Plantation.jpgNovember 11, 1971Leesburg
39°02′27″N 77°37′02″W / 39.040833°N 77.617222°W / 39.040833; -77.617222 (Oatlands)
LoudounNotable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter[disambiguation needed].
71Old City Hall1981 HABS photographNovember 11, 1971Richmond
37°32′16″N 77°25′59″W / 37.5379°N 77.4331°W / 37.5379; -77.4331 (City Hall)
Richmond (independent city)Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
72Pear ValleyPear Valley.jpgMarch 11, 2013Eastville
37°23′48″N 75°55′29″W / 37.396667°N 75.924722°W / 37.396667; -75.924722 (Pear Valley)
NorthamptonAn early 18th century Chesapeake cottage.
73PentagonThe Pentagon US Department of Defense building.jpgOctober 5, 1992Arlington
38°52′16″N 77°03′21″W / 38.87099°N 77.05596°W / 38.87099; -77.05596 (Pentagon)
ArlingtonBuilding is symbolic of national military power.
74Petersburg Breakthrough BattlefieldPETERSBURG BREAKTHROUGH BATTLEFIELD HISTORIC DISTRICT AT PAMPLIN HISTORICAL PARK.jpgFebruary 17, 2006Petersburg
37°11′22″N 77°28′33″W / 37.189444°N 77.475833°W / 37.189444; -77.475833 (Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield)
DinwiddieSite of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
75Pittsylvania County CourthouseHABS photographOctober 12, 1987Chatham
36°49′24″N 79°23′54″W / 36.823411°N 79.398268°W / 36.823411; -79.398268 (Pittsylvania County Courthouse)
PittsylvaniaIn 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding Black citizens from serving as jurors.
76Pocahontas Exhibition Coal MinePocahontas Exhibition Coal MineOctober 12, 1994Pocahontas
37°18′29″N 81°20′59″W / 37.308056°N 81.349722°W / 37.308056; -81.349722 (Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine)
Tazewell1882 mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
77Poplar ForestPoplar Forest1.jpgNovember 11, 1971Lynchburg
37°20′54″N 79°15′54″W / 37.34826°N 79.26495°W / 37.34826; -79.26495 (Poplar Forest)
BedfordThomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
78Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic DistrictPotomac-Canal-Historic-District.JPGDecember 17, 1982Great Falls
38°59′47″N 77°15′11″W / 38.996389°N 77.253056°W / 38.996389; -77.253056 (Potomac Canal Historic District)
FairfaxRemains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
79PrestwouldPrestwould.jpgJuly 31, 2003Clarksville
36°39′19″N 78°34′14″W / 36.655278°N 78.570556°W / 36.655278; -78.570556 (Prestwould)
MecklenburgMost intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
80Quarters 1Quarters007.JPGNovember 28, 1972Arlington
38°52′58″N 77°04′53″W / 38.882778°N 77.081389°W / 38.882778; -77.081389 (Quarters 1 (Fort Myer))
ArlingtonResidence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
81Peyton Randolph HousePeyton Randolph House.jpgApril 15, 1970Williamsburg
37°16′13″N 76°42′00″W / 37.270184°N 76.700131°W / 37.270184; -76.700131 (Peyton Randolph House)
Williamsburg (independent city)Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
82Virginia Randolph Cottage1980 HABS photographDecember 2, 1974Glen Allen
37°39′40″N 77°28′56″W / 37.661124°N 77.482340°W / 37.661124; -77.482340 (Virginia Randolph Cottage)
HenricoCommemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
83Rendezvous Docking SimulatorNASA photographOctober 3, 1985Hampton
37°05′02″N 76°22′41″W / 37.083828°N 76.378028°W / 37.083828; -76.378028 (Rendezvous Docking Simulator)
Hampton (independent city)Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
84Reynolds HomesteadDecember 22, 1977Critz
36°38′32″N 80°08′55″W / 36.642298°N 80.148582°W / 36.642298; -80.148582 (Reynolds Homestead)
PatrickHome of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
85Ripshin FarmNovember 11, 1971Trout Dale
36°41′53″N 81°24′26″W / 36.698056°N 81.407222°W / 36.698056; -81.407222 (Ripshin Farm)
GraysonSummer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
86Rising Sun TavernRising sun tavern.jpgJanuary 29, 1964Fredericksburg
38°18′17″N 77°27′45″W / 38.304774°N 77.462402°W / 38.304774; -77.462402 (Rising Sun Tavern)
Fredericksburg (independent city)Tavern built by Charles Washington, youngest brother of George Washington
87Rotunda, University of VirginiaUniversity of Virginia Rotunda.jpgDecember 21, 1965Charlottesville
38°01′51″N 78°30′19″W / 38.030798°N 78.505222°W / 38.030798; -78.505222 (University Of Virginia Rotunda)
Charlottesville (independent city)Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
88Sabine HallHABS photographApril 15, 1970Tappahannock
37°56′24″N 76°47′05″W / 37.940085°N 76.784799°W / 37.940085; -76.784799 (Sabine Hall)
RichmondEarly Georgian two story brick mansion.
89St. John's Episcopal ChurchStJohnsRichmond.JPGJanuary 20, 1961Richmond
37°31′46″N 77°25′11″W / 37.529539°N 77.419816°W / 37.529539; -77.419816 (St. John's Episcopal Church)
Richmond (independent city)Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
90Saint Luke's ChurchSt Lukes Church Smithfield VA.jpgOctober 9, 1960Smithfield
36°56′17″N 76°35′11″W / 36.938092°N 76.586276°W / 36.938092; -76.586276 (St. Luke's Church (Smithfield))
Isle Of WightEnglish room church with Gothic details
91St. Peter's Parish ChurchSt. Peter's Church, State Route 642, Tunstall vicinity (New Kent County, Virginia).jpgMarch 2, 2012New Kent
37°32′25″N 77°03′23″W / 37.54034°N 77.05632°W / 37.54034; -77.05632 (St. Peter's Parish Church)
New Kent1703 Episcopal church may have been where George and Martha Washington were married
92SaratogaSaratogaNovember 7, 1973Boyce
39°05′00″N 78°03′36″W / 39.08325°N 78.060028°W / 39.08325; -78.060028 (Saratoga)
ClarkeGray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, best known for his victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
93Sayler's Creek BattlefieldSayler'sCreekBattlefield 1936 LookingAcrossSaylersCreek cropped.jpgFebruary 4, 1985Farmville
37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W / 37.317778°N 78.233889°W / 37.317778; -78.233889 (Sayler's Creek Battlefield)
Amelia and Prince EdwardSites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
94ScotchtownHABS photographDecember 21, 1965Ashland
37°50′40″N 77°35′04″W / 37.844361°N 77.584556°W / 37.844361; -77.584556 (Scotchtown (Patrick Henry House))
HanoverPlantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
95James Semple HouseJames Semple HouseApril 15, 1970Williamsburg
37°16′06″N 76°41′36″W / 37.268299°N 76.693322°W / 37.268299; -76.693322 (Semple, James, House)
Williamsburg (independent city)House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
96Shack MountainShack MountainOctober 5, 1992Charlottesville
38°05′32″N 78°30′04″W / 38.092208°N 78.501217°W / 38.092208; -78.501217 (Shack Mountain)
AlbemarleHome of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
97ShirleyShirley Plantation 2006.jpgApril 15, 1970Hopewell
37°21′21″N 77°14′39″W / 37.355833°N 77.244167°W / 37.355833; -77.244167 (Shirley)
Charles CityOldest plantation in Virginia.
98Skyline DriveSkyline Drive near Big Meadow.jpgOctober 6, 2008Luray
38°32′54″N 78°27′38″W / 38.548333°N 78.460556°W / 38.548333; -78.460556 (Skyline Drive Historic District)
AlbemarleRoad through the Shenandoah National Park
99Spence's PointSpence's PointNovember 11, 1971Westmoreland
38°04′46″N 76°33′26″W / 38.079444°N 76.557222°W / 38.079444; -76.557222 (Spence's Point (John Roderigo Dos Passos House))
WestmorelandFarm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
100Stratford HallStratfordHallPlantationEastGarden.jpgOctober 7, 1960Lerty
38°08′59″N 76°50′23″W / 38.149801°N 76.839731°W / 38.149801; -76.839731 (Stratford Hall)
WestmorelandNotable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
101Adam Thoroughgood House1969 HABS photographOctober 9, 1960Virginia Beach
36°53′36″N 76°06′47″W / 36.893333°N 76.113056°W / 36.893333; -76.113056 (Adam Thoroughgood House)
Virginia Beach (independent city)One of the oldest brick houses in Virginia, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
102Thunderbird Archeological DistrictMay 5, 1977LimetonWarrenThree archeological sites.
103Tredegar Iron WorksAlexander Gardner - 1865 - Tredegar (Detail of iron works).jpgDecember 22, 1977Richmond
37°32′08″N 77°26′43″W / 37.535556°N 77.445278°W / 37.535556; -77.445278 (Tredegar Iron Works)
Richmond (independent city)One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
104TuckahoeTuckahoe PlantationAugust 11, 1969Manakin
37°34′14″N 77°39′11″W / 37.570472°N 77.653167°W / 37.570472; -77.653167 (Tuckahoe)
Goochland and HenricoTuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
105John Tyler HouseSherwood Forest-1961.jpgJuly 4, 1961Charles City
37°19′29″N 77°01′14″W / 37.324722°N 77.020556°W / 37.324722; -77.020556 (John Tyler House)
Charles CityResidence of President John Tyler.
106University Of Virginia Historic DistrictUniversity of Virginia West Lawn 1914.jpgNovember 11, 1971Charlottesville
38°02′05″N 78°30′15″W / 38.034722°N 78.504167°W / 38.034722; -78.504167 (University of Virginia Historic District)
Charlottesville (independent city)District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
107Variable Density TunnelNASA photographOctober 3, 1985Hampton
37°04′37″N 76°20′39″W / 37.076826°N 76.344153°W / 37.076826; -76.344153 (Variable Density Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city)Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source [1])
108Virginia Governor's Mansion2011-07-10 Virginia Executive Mansion.jpgJune 7, 1988Richmond
37°32′12″N 77°25′57″W / 37.536758°N 77.432498°W / 37.536758; -77.432498 (Governor's Mansion)
Richmond (independent city)State Executive Mansion.
109Virginia Military Institute Historic DistrictBarracks at Virginia Military InstituteMay 30, 1974Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′09″W / 37.790278°N 79.435833°W / 37.790278; -79.435833 (Virginia Military Institute Historic District)
Lexington (independent city)First state-supported military college.
110Maggie Lena Walker HouseMaggie L. Walker House NPS.jpgMay 15, 1975Richmond
37°32′45″N 77°26′17″W / 37.545927°N 77.438002°W / 37.545927; -77.438002 (Maggie Lena Walker House)
Richmond (independent city)Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank.
111Washington and Lee University Historic DistrictWashingtonLeeUniversity.jpgNovember 11, 1971Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Lee Chapel, Washington And Lee University)
Lexington (independent city)Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
112George Washington Boyhood Home SiteFerry Farm.jpgFebruary 16, 2000Fredericksburg
38°17′43″N 77°26′57″W / 38.295278°N 77.449167°W / 38.295278; -77.449167 (George Washington Boyhood Home Site)
StaffordKnown locally as Ferry Farm.
113Waterford Historic DistrictWaterford, Virginia town center.jpgApril 15, 1970Waterford
39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W / 39.186667°N 77.61°W / 39.186667; -77.61 (Waterford Historic District)
LoudounPicturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
114WestoverWestoverPlantationSEGL.jpgOctober 9, 1960Charles City
37°19′58″N 77°10′23″W / 37.33278°N 77.17306°W / 37.33278; -77.17306 (Westover Plantation)
Charles CityPlantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
115White House of the ConfederacyWHC 1865 LC-B811- 3376.jpgDecember 19, 1960Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°25′47″W / 37.538888°N 77.429738°W / 37.538888; -77.429738 (White House Of The Confederacy)
Richmond (independent city)Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
116Wickham-Valentine HouseThe Wickham House, Richmond, VA.jpgNovember 11, 1971Richmond
37°32′22″N 77°25′52″W / 37.539580°N 77.431118°W / 37.539580; -77.431118 (Valentine Museum)
RichmondOne of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
117Williamsburg Historic DistrictColonial Williamsburg Duke of Gloucester Street.jpgOctober 9, 1960Williamsburg
37°15′45″N 76°41′59″W / 37.2625°N 76.69972°W / 37.2625; -76.69972 (Williamsburg Historic District)
Williamsburg (independent city)Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
118WoodlawnWoodlawn August 2003 A.jpgAugust 5, 1998Alexandria
38°43′00″N 77°08′10″W / 38.716667°N 77.136111°W / 38.716667; -77.136111 (Woodlawn)
FairfaxFlagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Try also Woodlawn
119Woodrow Wilson BirthplaceWilson Birthplace Jan 2007.jpgJuly 19, 1964Staunton
38°08′55″N 79°04′09″W / 38.148473°N 79.069136°W / 38.148473; -79.069136 (Woodrow Wilson Birthplace)
Staunton (independent city)Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
120Wren Building, College of William and MaryCollege of William and Mary Wren1 Williamsburg.jpgOctober 9, 1960Williamsburg
37°16′08″N 76°42′33″W / 37.268973°N 76.709126°W / 37.268973; -76.709126 (Wren Building, College Of William And Mary)
Williamsburg (independent city)Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
121Wythe HouseGeorgeWythehouse.jpgApril 15, 1970Williamsburg
37°16′12″N 76°42′12″W / 37.269958°N 76.703284°W / 37.269958; -76.703284 (Wythe House)
Williamsburg (independent city)One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
122Yeocomico ChurchYeocomicoChurch.jpgApril 15, 1970Tucker Hill
38°03′44″N 76°35′50″W / 38.062361°N 76.597139°W / 38.062361; -76.597139 (Yeocomico Church)
WestmorelandSignificant example of transitional Colonial architecture.

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are 13 of these in Virginia. The National Park Service lists these thirteen together with the NHLs in the state,[7] The Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park and the Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 11 are:

Landmark name
ImageDate established[8]LocationCountyDescription
1Appomattox Court House National Historical Park2006 photographAugust 13, 1935AppomattoxAppomattox
2Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial2004 photographMarch 4, 1925ArlingtonArlington
3Booker T. Washington National MonumentBooker T. Washington National MonumentApril 2, 1956HardyFranklin
4Colonial National Historical Park1995 HAER photographDecember 30, 1930James City, York and Williamsburg (independent city)
5Cumberland Gap National Historical ParkphotographJune 11, 1940(shared with Kentucky and Tennessee)
6Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park2007 photographFebruary 14, 1927Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and SpotsylvaniaSpotsylvania
7George Washington Birthplace National Monument2007 photographJanuary 23, 1930Colonial BeachWestmoreland
8Harpers Ferry National Historical ParkHarpers ferry.jpgJune 30, 1944Harpers Ferry, WV(shared with Maryland and West Virginia)
9Manassas National Battlefield Parkcannon on battlefieldMay 10, 1940ManassasPrince WilliamSite of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run.
10Petersburg National Battlefieldre-enactors on Petersburg National BattlefieldJuly 3, 1926Petersburg, Hopewell, and morePetersburg (independent city), and DinwiddieMay include NHL Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield, and does include NHL Five Forks Battlefield, both listed above, as well as other area.
11Richmond National Battlefield ParkBattle of Cold HarborMarch 2, 1936Richmond, Virginia and environsRichmond (independent city)30 sites of American Civil War battles, including Gaines 'Mill, Glendale, and Malvern Hill, all sites of battles during the 1862 Seven Days Battles, as well as the 1864 battles of Cold Harbor and New Market Heights

National Historic Landmarks formerly in Virginia[edit]

While no National Historic Landmarks in Virginia have been de-designated,[9] one has been moved out of the state.

Landmark nameImageDate designatedDate movedLocalityCountyDescription
1USS Sequoia (presidential yacht)1968 HABS photographDecember 23, 1987Now in the District of Columbia.[10]
2N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship)NSsavannah-1962.jpgJuly 17, 1991Newport News
39°15′31″N 76°33′19″W / 39.258488°N 76.555411°W / 39.258488; -76.555411 (N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship))
YorkFirst nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship; now berthed in Baltimore, Maryland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colors, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ a b c d National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  3. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates, and other sources cited in the articles on each of the sites.
  4. ^ Bedini, Silvio A. (1999), The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science, Second edition, Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 0-938420-59-3
  5. ^ http://www.nps.gov/nhl/Fall2013Nominations/EightFootHighSpeedTunnel.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.nasa.gov/centers/langley/about/demo060713.html
  7. ^ These are listed on p.117 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  8. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
  9. ^ No Virginia sites are listed at National Historic Landmarks de-designation list.
  10. ^ "USS Sequoia Presidential Yacht". Sequoia Presidential Yacht Group. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 

External links[edit]

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.