List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 122 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), 1 former NHL, and 13 historic sites that are National Historical Parks or other areas in the National Park Service system.

Current landmarks[edit]

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1]Landmark nameImageDate designated[2]LocationCountyDescription
1Alexandria Historic District
ca. 1919 HABS photograph
November 13, 1966
38°48′12″N 77°02′47″W / 38.8033°N 77.0464°W / 38.8033; -77.0464 (Alexandria Historic District)
Alexandria (independent city)Comprises the central portion of Alexandria, Virginia
2Aquia Church
HABS photograph
July 5, 1991
38°27′53″N 77°24′11″W / 38.4646°N 77.40305°W / 38.4646; -77.40305 (Aquia Church)
StaffordMid-18th-century church
3Bacon's Castle
Bacon's Castle
October 9, 1960
Bacon's Castle
37°06′38″N 76°43′41″W / 37.1106°N 76.72806°W / 37.1106; -76.72806 (Bacon's Castle)
SurryOne of the oldest brick buildings in Virginia
4Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery
Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery
April 27, 1984
39°07′53″N 77°31′45″W / 39.131389°N 77.529167°W / 39.131389; -77.529167 (Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery)
LoudounSite of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone
Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone
May 11, 1976
38°53′24″N 77°09′34″W / 38.8901°N 77.1595°W / 38.8901; -77.1595 (Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone)
ArlingtonA boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731–1806), an African American surveyor, mathematician and astronomer who assisted Andrew Ellicott during the first two months of Ellicott's 1791–1792 survey of the boundaries of the original District of Columbia.[3]
6Barracks, Virginia Military Institute
1968 HABS photograph
December 21, 1965
37°47′25″N 79°26′19″W / 37.7903°N 79.4386°W / 37.7903; -79.4386 (Barracks, Virginia Military Institute)
Lexington (independent city)Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
November 11, 1971
Charles City
37°19′18″N 77°10′54″W / 37.321667°N 77.181667°W / 37.321667; -77.181667 (Berkeley)
Charles CityOne of the great plantations of Virginia, associated with Presidents William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
8Berry Hill
HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
South Boston
36°41′48″N 78°56′39″W / 36.6967°N 78.9442°W / 36.6967; -78.9442 (Berry Hill)
HalifaxA Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
April 15, 1970
37°15′27″N 76°59′36″W / 37.257539°N 76.99339°W / 37.257539; -76.99339 (Brandon)
Prince GeorgePlantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760s
10Bremo Historic District
HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Bremo Bluff
37°43′32″N 78°19′47″W / 37.72542°N 78.32973°W / 37.72542; -78.32973 (Bremo Historic District)
FluvannaJames River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11Bruton Parish Church
Bruton Parish Church
April 15, 1970
37°16′09″N 76°42′10″W / 37.2693°N 76.7028°W / 37.2693; -76.7028 (Bruton Parish Church)
Williamsburg (independent city)Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
1980 HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Port Royal
38°09′48″N 77°09′41″W / 38.163228°N 77.161394°W / 38.163228; -77.161394 (Camden)
CarolineTwo-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13Camp Hoover
Camp Hoover
June 7, 1988
Graves Mill
38°29′31″N 78°25′15″W / 38.491861°N 78.42097°W / 38.491861; -78.42097 (Camp Hoover)
MadisonPresident Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14Cape Henry Lighthouse
Cape Henry Lighthouse
January 29, 1964
Virginia Beach
36°55′26″N 76°00′30″W / 36.9239°N 76.0082°W / 36.9239; -76.0082 (Cape Henry Lighthouse)
Virginia Beach (independent city)First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15Carter's Grove
Carter's Grove
April 15, 1970
37°12′25″N 76°37′29″W / 37.206981°N 76.624819°W / 37.206981; -76.624819 (Carter's Grove)
James CityGeorgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg.
16Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation
Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation
August 11, 1969
Middletown and Strasburg
39°10′03″N 78°18′03″W / 39.1675°N 78.30083°W / 39.1675; -78.30083 (Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation)
Frederick and WarrenSite of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation.
17Christ Church, Alexandria
Christ Church, Alexandria
April 15, 1970
38°48′23″N 77°02′51″W / 38.806303°N 77.047517°W / 38.806303; -77.047517 (Christ Church, Alexandria)
Alexandria (independent city)1773 Georgian brick church
18Christ Church
Christ Church
May 30, 1961
37°40′37″N 76°25′07″W / 37.676806°N 76.418611°W / 37.676806; -76.418611 (Christ Church)
LancasterExample of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
19Confederate Capitol
Confederate Capitol
December 19, 1960
37°32′20″N 77°26′01″W / 37.5388°N 77.4336°W / 37.5388; -77.4336 (Confederate Capitol)
Richmond (independent city)From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
20Charles Richard Drew House
Charles Richard Drew House
May 11, 1976
38°52′21″N 77°05′14″W / 38.8726°N 77.0872°W / 38.8726; -77.0872 (Charles Richard Drew House)
ArlingtonHome of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
21Drydock No. 1
Drydock No. 1
November 11, 1971
36°49′07″N 76°17′35″W / 36.8187°N 76.2931°W / 36.8187; -76.2931 (Drydock No. 1)
Portsmouth (independent city)Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
22Egyptian Building
Egyptian Building
November 11, 1971
37°32′18″N 77°25′45″W / 37.5384°N 77.4292°W / 37.5384; -77.4292 (Egyptian Building)
Richmond (independent city)First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
23Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel
1985 HAER photograph
October 3, 1985
37°04′49″N 76°20′29″W / 37.080281°N 76.341514°W / 37.080281; -76.341514 (Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city)Wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Largely demolished.[4]
24Elsing Green
Elsing Green
November 11, 1971
37°36′09″N 77°03′04″W / 37.602444°N 77.051103°W / 37.602444; -77.051103 (Elsing Green)
King WilliamGeorgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
1968 HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Exchange)
Petersburg (independent city)Two-story Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico.
26Eyre Hall
Eyre Hall
March 2, 2012
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Eyre Hall)
NorthamptonA private plantation in the hands of the Eyre family since 1668.
27Five Forks Battlefield
Five Forks Battlefield
December 19, 1960
37°08′21″N 77°37′23″W / 37.13927°N 77.62292°W / 37.13927; -77.62292 (Five Forks Battlefield)
DinwiddieSite of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
28Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House
Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House
December 17, 1985
38°48′40″N 77°04′49″W / 38.811189°N 77.080263°W / 38.811189; -77.080263 (Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House)
Alexandria (independent city)House of President Gerald R. Ford.
29Fort Monroe
Fort Monroe
December 19, 1960
37°00′13″N 76°18′27″W / 37.00361°N 76.3075°W / 37.00361; -76.3075 (Fort Monroe)
Hampton (independent city)Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States that is still an active Army post.
30Fort Myer Historic District
Fort Myer Historic District
November 28, 1972
38°52′49″N 77°04′47″W / 38.880343°N 77.079735°W / 38.880343; -77.079735 (Fort Myer Historic District)
ArlingtonU.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
31Franklin and Armfield Office
Franklin and Armfield Office
June 2, 1978
38°48′07″N 77°03′17″W / 38.801911°N 77.054661°W / 38.801911; -77.054661 (Franklin and Armfield Office)
Alexandria (independent city)Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
32Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel
HAER photograph
October 3, 1985
37°04′52″N 76°20′30″W / 37.080999°N 76.341751°W / 37.080999; -76.341751 (Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city)Full-scale wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Demolished in 2013.[5]
33Gadsby's Tavern
Gadsby's Tavern
November 4, 1963
38°48′13″N 77°02′38″W / 38.803630°N 77.044001°W / 38.803630; -77.044001 (Gadsby's Tavern)
Alexandria (independent city)Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
34Ellen Glasgow House
HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
37°32′27″N 77°26′42″W / 37.540934°N 77.445003°W / 37.540934; -77.445003 (Ellen Glasgow House)
Richmond (independent city)Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
35Carter Glass House
1976 HABS photograph
December 8, 1976
37°24′48″N 79°08′51″W / 37.413451°N 79.147488°W / 37.413451; -79.147488 (Carter Glass House)
Lynchburg (independent city)A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
36Green Springs Historic District
NPS photograph
May 30, 1974
Zion Crossroads
38°00′55″N 78°09′51″W / 38.015278°N 78.164167°W / 38.015278; -78.164167 (Green Springs Historic District)
LouisaRural manor houses and related buildings.
37Greenway Court
HABS photograph
October 9, 1960
White Post
39°02′40″N 78°07′09″W / 39.044366°N 78.119195°W / 39.044366; -78.119195 (Greenway Court)
ClarkeRemnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only British peer in America, where George Washington worked as a surveyor
38Gunston Hall
Gunston Hall
December 19, 1960
38°38′49″N 77°08′47″W / 38.64697°N 77.14642°W / 38.64697; -77.14642 (Gunston Hall)
FairfaxHome of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
39Hampton Institute
Hampton Institute
May 30, 1974
37°01′17″N 76°20′14″W / 37.02128°N 76.33713°W / 37.02128; -76.33713 (Hampton Institute)
Hampton (independent city)Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
40Hanover County Courthouse
Hanover County Courthouse
November 7, 1973
Hanover Court House
37°45′40″N 77°22′03″W / 37.761204°N 77.367507°W / 37.761204; -77.367507 (Hanover County Courthouse)
HanoverThis Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
41Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton House
Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton House
December 21, 1981
37°23′16″N 76°38′38″W / 37.387808°N 76.643858°W / 37.387808; -76.643858 (Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton House)
GloucesterRetirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
42The Homestead
The Homestead
July 17, 1991
Hot Springs
37°59′44″N 79°49′47″W / 37.995472°N 79.829644°W / 37.995472; -79.829644 (The Homestead)
BathExample of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
43Humpback Bridge
Humpback Bridge
October 16, 2012
37°48′02″N 80°02′49″W / 37.800597°N 80.047011°W / 37.800597; -80.047011 (Humpback Bridge)
AlleghenyOldest surviving covered bridge in Virginia; a rare example of a covered humpback bridge.
44Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
May 28, 1967
39°11′17″N 78°09′58″W / 39.187947°N 78.166125°W / 39.187947; -78.166125 (Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters)
Winchester (independent city)Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861–1862 winter
45Jackson Ward Historic District
Jackson Ward Historic District
June 2, 1978
37°32′54″N 77°26′27″W / 37.548333°N 77.440833°W / 37.548333; -77.440833 (Jackson Ward Historic District)
Richmond (independent city)A historically African-American neighborhood.
1983 HABS photograph
April 15, 1970
38°17′35″N 77°27′59″W / 38.293155°N 77.466468°W / 38.293155; -77.466468 (Kenmore)
Fredericksburg (independent city)Home of Fielding Lewis
47Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University
Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University
December 19, 1960
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University)
Lexington (independent city)Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) served as president (1865–1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
May 5, 1989
36°50′12″N 76°17′55″W / 36.836799°N 76.298616°W / 36.836799; -76.298616 (LIGHTSHIP NO. 101 "PORTSMOUTH")
Portsmouth (independent city)Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
49Lunar Landing Research Facility
Lunar Landing Research Facility
October 3, 1985
37°06′01″N 76°23′23″W / 37.100276°N 76.389803°W / 37.100276; -76.389803 (Lunar Landing Research Facility)
Hampton (independent city)Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
50Main Street Station and Trainshed
Main Street Station and Trainshed
December 8, 1976
37°31′58″N 77°25′45″W / 37.532861°N 77.429203°W / 37.532861; -77.429203 (Main Street Station and Trainshed)
Richmond (independent city)Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and the trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
51MarlbourneUpload image
July 19, 1964
37°39′15″N 77°13′21″W / 37.654203°N 77.222478°W / 37.654203; -77.222478 (Marlbourne)
HanoverProperty of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
52General George C. Marshall House
General George C. Marshall House
June 19, 1996
39°06′51″N 77°33′36″W / 39.114178°N 77.559959°W / 39.114178; -77.559959 (General George C. Marshall House)
LoudounLast home of General George C. Marshall, who called it "Dodona Manor".
53John Marshall House
HABS photo
December 19, 1960
37°32′27″N 77°25′59″W / 37.540892°N 77.433085°W / 37.540892; -77.433085 (John Marshall House)
Richmond (independent city)Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
54Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop
Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop
July 19, 1964
Steele's Tavern
37°56′02″N 79°13′04″W / 37.933889°N 79.217778°W / 37.933889; -79.217778 (Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop)
RockbridgeHome of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
55Gari Melchers Home
Gari Melchers Home
December 21, 1965
38°19′30″N 77°28′23″W / 38.325028°N 77.472917°W / 38.325028; -77.472917 (Gari Melchers Home)
StaffordResidence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
November 11, 1971
38°00′25″N 76°48′04″W / 38.006944°N 76.801111°W / 38.006944; -76.801111 (Menokin)
RichmondHome of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
57Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House
Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House
December 8, 1976
38°57′40″N 77°44′44″W / 38.961111°N 77.745556°W / 38.961111; -77.745556 (Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House)
LoudounResidence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
58James Monroe Law Office
James Monroe Law Office
November 13, 1966
38°18′01″N 77°27′42″W / 38.300194°N 77.461675°W / 38.300194; -77.461675 (James Monroe Law Office)
Fredericksburg (independent city)James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789.
59James Monroe Tomb
WP Commons photograph
November 11, 1971
37°31′59″N 77°27′20″W / 37.533154°N 77.455567°W / 37.533154; -77.455567 (James Monroe Tomb)
Richmond (independent city)Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
December 19, 1960
38°00′30″N 78°27′12″W / 38.00833°N 78.4533°W / 38.00833; -78.4533 (Monticello)
AlbemarleMansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
December 19, 1960
38°13′11″N 78°10′10″W / 38.219722°N 78.169444°W / 38.219722; -78.169444 (Montpelier)
OrangeResidence of President James Madison.
62Monument Avenue Historic District
Monument Avenue Historic District
December 9, 1997
37°33′37″N 77°28′15″W / 37.560194°N 77.470847°W / 37.560194; -77.470847 (Monument Avenue Historic District)
Richmond (independent city)Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
63Monumental Church
Monumental Church
November 11, 1971
37°32′13″N 77°25′48″W / 37.53699°N 77.430016°W / 37.53699; -77.430016 (Monumental Church)
Richmond (independent city)Early Greek Revival church.
64Robert Russa Moton High School
Robert Russa Moton High School
August 5, 1998
37°17′28″N 78°23′52″W / 37.291111°N 78.397778°W / 37.291111; -78.397778 (Robert Russa Moton High School)
Prince EdwardSite of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
65Mount Airy
Mount Airy
October 9, 1960
37°58′20″N 76°47′29″W / 37.9722°N 76.79139°W / 37.9722; -76.79139 (Mount Airy)
RichmondStone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
66Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon
December 19, 1960
38°42′28″N 77°05′10″W / 38.7079°N 77.0861°W / 38.7079; -77.0861 (Mount Vernon)
FairfaxPlantation home of President George Washington.
67Natural Bridge
Natural Bridge
August 5, 1998
Natural Bridge
37°37′32″N 79°32′43″W / 37.625681°N 79.545173°W / 37.625681; -79.545173 (Natural Bridge)
RockbridgeNatural rock arch, once owned by Thomas Jefferson.
68New Kent School and George W. Watkins School
New Kent School and George W. Watkins School
August 7, 2001
New Kent and Quinton
37°31′56″N 77°08′29″W / 37.532222°N 77.141389°W / 37.532222; -77.141389 (New Kent School and George W. Watkins School)
New KentPair of schools that represent widespread token desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education supreme court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, which was effective in bringing about real desegregation.
69Oak Hill
Oak Hill
December 19, 1960
38°59′51″N 77°37′13″W / 38.997458°N 77.620403°W / 38.997458; -77.620403 (Oak Hill)
LoudounResidence of President James Monroe
November 11, 1971
39°02′27″N 77°37′02″W / 39.040833°N 77.617222°W / 39.040833; -77.617222 (Oatlands)
LoudounNotable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter.
71Old City Hall
1981 HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
37°32′16″N 77°25′59″W / 37.5379°N 77.4331°W / 37.5379; -77.4331 (Old City Hall)
Richmond (independent city)Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
72Pear Valley
Pear Valley
March 11, 2013
37°23′48″N 75°55′29″W / 37.396667°N 75.924722°W / 37.396667; -75.924722 (Pear Valley)
NorthamptonAn early 18th century Chesapeake cottage.
October 5, 1992
38°52′16″N 77°03′21″W / 38.87099°N 77.05596°W / 38.87099; -77.05596 (Pentagon)
ArlingtonBuilding is symbolic of national military power.
74Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield
Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield
February 17, 2006
37°11′22″N 77°28′33″W / 37.189444°N 77.475833°W / 37.189444; -77.475833 (Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield)
DinwiddieSite of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
75Pittsylvania County Courthouse
HABS photograph
May 4, 1987
36°49′24″N 79°23′54″W / 36.823411°N 79.398268°W / 36.823411; -79.398268 (Pittsylvania County Courthouse)
PittsylvaniaIn 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding Black citizens from serving as jurors.
76Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine
Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine
October 12, 1994
37°18′29″N 81°20′59″W / 37.308056°N 81.349722°W / 37.308056; -81.349722 (Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine)
Tazewell1882 mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
77Poplar Forest
Poplar Forest
November 11, 1971
37°20′54″N 79°15′54″W / 37.34826°N 79.26495°W / 37.34826; -79.26495 (Poplar Forest)
BedfordThomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
78Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District
Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District
December 17, 1982
Great Falls
38°59′47″N 77°15′11″W / 38.996389°N 77.253056°W / 38.996389; -77.253056 (Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District)
FairfaxRemains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
July 31, 2003
36°39′19″N 78°34′14″W / 36.655278°N 78.570556°W / 36.655278; -78.570556 (Prestwould)
MecklenburgMost intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
80Quarters 1
Quarters 1
November 28, 1972
38°52′58″N 77°04′53″W / 38.882778°N 77.081389°W / 38.882778; -77.081389 (Quarters 1)
ArlingtonResidence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
81Peyton Randolph House
Peyton Randolph House
April 15, 1970
37°16′13″N 76°42′00″W / 37.270184°N 76.700131°W / 37.270184; -76.700131 (Peyton Randolph House)
Williamsburg (independent city)Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
82Virginia Randolph Cottage
1980 HABS photograph
December 2, 1974
Glen Allen
37°39′40″N 77°28′56″W / 37.661124°N 77.482340°W / 37.661124; -77.482340 (Virginia Randolph Cottage)
HenricoCommemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
83Rendezvous Docking Simulator
NASA photograph
October 3, 1985
37°05′02″N 76°22′41″W / 37.083828°N 76.378028°W / 37.083828; -76.378028 (Rendezvous Docking Simulator)
Hampton (independent city)Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
84Reynolds HomesteadUpload image
December 22, 1977
36°38′32″N 80°08′55″W / 36.642298°N 80.148582°W / 36.642298; -80.148582 (Reynolds Homestead)
PatrickHome of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
85Ripshin FarmUpload image
November 11, 1971
Trout Dale
36°41′53″N 81°24′26″W / 36.698056°N 81.407222°W / 36.698056; -81.407222 (Ripshin Farm)
GraysonSummer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
86Rising Sun Tavern
Rising Sun Tavern
January 29, 1964
38°18′17″N 77°27′45″W / 38.304774°N 77.462402°W / 38.304774; -77.462402 (Rising Sun Tavern)
Fredericksburg (independent city)Tavern built by Charles Washington, youngest brother of George Washington
87Rotunda, University of Virginia
Rotunda, University of Virginia
December 21, 1965
38°01′51″N 78°30′19″W / 38.030798°N 78.505222°W / 38.030798; -78.505222 (Rotunda, University of Virginia)
Charlottesville (independent city)Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
88Sabine Hall
HABS photograph
April 15, 1970
37°56′24″N 76°47′05″W / 37.940085°N 76.784799°W / 37.940085; -76.784799 (Sabine Hall)
RichmondEarly Georgian two story brick mansion.
89St. John's Episcopal Church
St. John's Episcopal Church
January 20, 1961
37°31′46″N 77°25′11″W / 37.529539°N 77.419816°W / 37.529539; -77.419816 (St. John's Episcopal Church)
Richmond (independent city)Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
90Saint Luke's Church
Saint Luke's Church
October 9, 1960
36°56′17″N 76°35′11″W / 36.938092°N 76.586276°W / 36.938092; -76.586276 (Saint Luke's Church)
Isle Of WightEnglish room church with Gothic details
91St. Peter's Parish Church
St. Peter's Parish Church
March 2, 2012
New Kent
37°32′25″N 77°03′23″W / 37.54034°N 77.05632°W / 37.54034; -77.05632 (St. Peter's Parish Church)
New Kent1703 Episcopal church may have been where George and Martha Washington were married
November 7, 1973
39°05′00″N 78°03′36″W / 39.08325°N 78.060028°W / 39.08325; -78.060028 (Saratoga)
ClarkeGray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, best known for his victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
93Sayler's Creek Battlefield
Sayler's Creek Battlefield
February 4, 1985
37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W / 37.317778°N 78.233889°W / 37.317778; -78.233889 (Sayler's Creek Battlefield)
Amelia and Prince EdwardSites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
HABS photograph
December 21, 1965
37°50′40″N 77°35′04″W / 37.844361°N 77.584556°W / 37.844361; -77.584556 (Scotchtown)
HanoverPlantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
95James Semple House
James Semple House
April 15, 1970
37°16′06″N 76°41′36″W / 37.268299°N 76.693322°W / 37.268299; -76.693322 (James Semple House)
Williamsburg (independent city)House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
96Shack Mountain
Shack Mountain
October 5, 1992
38°05′32″N 78°30′04″W / 38.092208°N 78.501217°W / 38.092208; -78.501217 (Shack Mountain)
AlbemarleHome of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
April 15, 1970
37°21′21″N 77°14′39″W / 37.355833°N 77.244167°W / 37.355833; -77.244167 (Shirley)
Charles CityOldest plantation in Virginia.
98Skyline Drive
Skyline Drive
October 6, 2008
38°32′54″N 78°27′38″W / 38.548333°N 78.460556°W / 38.548333; -78.460556 (Skyline Drive)
AlbemarleRoad through the Shenandoah National Park
99Spence's Point
Spence's Point
November 11, 1971
38°04′46″N 76°33′26″W / 38.079444°N 76.557222°W / 38.079444; -76.557222 (Spence's Point)
WestmorelandFarm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
100Stratford Hall
Stratford Hall
October 7, 1960
38°08′59″N 76°50′23″W / 38.149801°N 76.839731°W / 38.149801; -76.839731 (Stratford Hall)
WestmorelandNotable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
101Adam Thoroughgood House
1969 HABS photograph
October 9, 1960
Virginia Beach
36°53′36″N 76°06′47″W / 36.893333°N 76.113056°W / 36.893333; -76.113056 (Adam Thoroughgood House)
Virginia Beach (independent city)One of the oldest brick houses in Virginia, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
102Thunderbird Archeological DistrictUpload image
May 5, 1977
Coordinates missing
WarrenThree archeological sites.
103Tredegar Iron Works
Tredegar Iron Works
December 22, 1977
37°32′08″N 77°26′43″W / 37.535556°N 77.445278°W / 37.535556; -77.445278 (Tredegar Iron Works)
Richmond (independent city)One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
Tuckahoe Plantation
August 11, 1969
37°34′14″N 77°39′11″W / 37.570472°N 77.653167°W / 37.570472; -77.653167 (Tuckahoe)
Goochland and HenricoTuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
105John Tyler House
John Tyler House
July 4, 1961
Charles City
37°19′29″N 77°01′14″W / 37.324722°N 77.020556°W / 37.324722; -77.020556 (John Tyler House)
Charles CityResidence of President John Tyler.
106University Of Virginia Historic District
University Of Virginia Historic District
November 11, 1971
38°02′05″N 78°30′15″W / 38.034722°N 78.504167°W / 38.034722; -78.504167 (University Of Virginia Historic District)
Charlottesville (independent city)District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
107Variable Density Tunnel
NASA photograph
October 3, 1985
37°04′37″N 76°20′39″W / 37.076826°N 76.344153°W / 37.076826; -76.344153 (Variable Density Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city)Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source [1])
108Virginia Governor's Mansion
Virginia Governor's Mansion
June 7, 1988
37°32′12″N 77°25′57″W / 37.536758°N 77.432498°W / 37.536758; -77.432498 (Virginia Governor's Mansion)
Richmond (independent city)State Executive Mansion.
109Virginia Military Institute Historic District
Barracks at Virginia Military Institute
May 30, 1974
37°47′25″N 79°26′09″W / 37.790278°N 79.435833°W / 37.790278; -79.435833 (Virginia Military Institute Historic District)
Lexington (independent city)First state-supported military college.
110Maggie Lena Walker House
Maggie Lena Walker House
May 15, 1975
37°32′45″N 77°26′17″W / 37.545927°N 77.438002°W / 37.545927; -77.438002 (Maggie Lena Walker House)
Richmond (independent city)Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank.
111Washington and Lee University Historic District
Washington and Lee University Historic District
November 11, 1971
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Washington and Lee University Historic District)
Lexington (independent city)Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
112George Washington Boyhood Home Site
George Washington Boyhood Home Site
February 16, 2000
38°17′43″N 77°26′57″W / 38.295278°N 77.449167°W / 38.295278; -77.449167 (George Washington Boyhood Home Site)
StaffordKnown locally as Ferry Farm.
113Waterford Historic District
Waterford Historic District
April 15, 1970
39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W / 39.186667°N 77.61°W / 39.186667; -77.61 (Waterford Historic District)
LoudounPicturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
October 9, 1960
Charles City
37°19′58″N 77°10′23″W / 37.33278°N 77.17306°W / 37.33278; -77.17306 (Westover)
Charles CityPlantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
115White House of the Confederacy
White House of the Confederacy
December 19, 1960
37°32′20″N 77°25′47″W / 37.538888°N 77.429738°W / 37.538888; -77.429738 (White House of the Confederacy)
Richmond (independent city)Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
116Wickham-Valentine House
Wickham-Valentine House
November 11, 1971
37°32′22″N 77°25′52″W / 37.539580°N 77.431118°W / 37.539580; -77.431118 (Wickham-Valentine House)
Richmond (independent city)One of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
117Williamsburg Historic District
Williamsburg Historic District
October 9, 1960
37°15′45″N 76°41′59″W / 37.2625°N 76.69972°W / 37.2625; -76.69972 (Williamsburg Historic District)
Williamsburg (independent city)Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
August 6, 1998
38°43′00″N 77°08′10″W / 38.716667°N 77.136111°W / 38.716667; -77.136111 (Woodlawn)
FairfaxFlagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
119Woodrow Wilson Birthplace
Woodrow Wilson Birthplace
July 19, 1964
38°08′55″N 79°04′09″W / 38.148473°N 79.069136°W / 38.148473; -79.069136 (Woodrow Wilson Birthplace)
Staunton (independent city)Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
120Wren Building, College of William and Mary
Wren Building, College of William and Mary
October 9, 1960
37°16′08″N 76°42′33″W / 37.268973°N 76.709126°W / 37.268973; -76.709126 (Wren Building, College of William and Mary)
Williamsburg (independent city)Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
121Wythe House
Wythe House
April 15, 1970
37°16′12″N 76°42′12″W / 37.269958°N 76.703284°W / 37.269958; -76.703284 (Wythe House)
Williamsburg (independent city)One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
122Yeocomico Church
Yeocomico Church
April 15, 1970
Tucker Hill
38°03′44″N 76°35′50″W / 38.062361°N 76.597139°W / 38.062361; -76.597139 (Yeocomico Church)
WestmorelandSignificant example of transitional Colonial architecture.

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are 13 of these in Virginia. The National Park Service lists these thirteen together with the NHLs in the state,[6] The Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park and the Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 11 are:

Landmark name
ImageDate established[7]LocationCountyDescription
1Appomattox Court House National Historical Park2006 photographAugust 13, 1935AppomattoxAppomattox
2Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial2004 photographMarch 4, 1925ArlingtonArlington
3Booker T. Washington National MonumentBooker T. Washington National MonumentApril 2, 1956HardyFranklin
4Colonial National Historical Park1995 HAER photographDecember 30, 1930James City, York and Williamsburg (independent city)
5Cumberland Gap National Historical ParkphotographJune 11, 1940(shared with Kentucky and Tennessee)
6Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park2007 photographFebruary 14, 1927Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and SpotsylvaniaSpotsylvania
7George Washington Birthplace National Monument2007 photographJanuary 23, 1930Colonial BeachWestmoreland
8Harpers Ferry National Historical ParkHarpers ferry.jpgJune 30, 1944Harpers Ferry, WV(shared with Maryland and West Virginia)
9Manassas National Battlefield Parkcannon on battlefieldMay 10, 1940ManassasPrince WilliamSite of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run.
10Petersburg National Battlefieldre-enactors on Petersburg National BattlefieldJuly 3, 1926Petersburg, Hopewell, and morePetersburg (independent city), and DinwiddieMay include NHL Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield, and does include NHL Five Forks Battlefield, both listed above, as well as other area.
11Richmond National Battlefield ParkBattle of Cold HarborMarch 2, 1936Richmond, Virginia and environsRichmond (independent city)30 sites of American Civil War battles, including Gaines 'Mill, Glendale, and Malvern Hill, all sites of battles during the 1862 Seven Days Battles, as well as the 1864 battles of Cold Harbor and New Market Heights

National Historic Landmarks formerly in Virginia[edit]

While no National Historic Landmarks in Virginia have been de-designated,[8] one has been moved out of the state.

Landmark nameImageDate designatedDate movedLocalityCountyDescription
1USS Sequoia (presidential yacht)1968 HABS photographDecember 23, 1987Now in the District of Columbia.[9]
2N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship)NSsavannah-1962.jpgJuly 17, 1991Newport News
39°15′31″N 76°33′19″W / 39.258488°N 76.555411°W / 39.258488; -76.555411 (N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship))
YorkFirst nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship; now berthed in Baltimore, Maryland.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ Bedini, Silvio A. (1999), The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science, Second edition, Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 0-938420-59-3
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ These are listed on p.117 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  7. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
  8. ^ No Virginia sites are listed at National Historic Landmarks de-designation list.
  9. ^ "USS Sequoia Presidential Yacht". Sequoia Presidential Yacht Group. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 

External links[edit]

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.